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Conflict adaptation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531198/a-real-time-traffic-control-method-for-the-intersection-with-pre-signals-under-the-phase-swap-sorting-strategy
#1
Yiming Bie, Zhiyuan Liu, Yinhai Wang
To deal with the conflicts between left-turn and through traffic streams and increase the discharge capacity, this paper addresses the pre-signal which is implemented at a signalized intersection. Such an intersection with pre-signal is termed as a tandem intersection. For the tandem intersection, phase swap sorting strategy is deemed as the most effective phasing scheme in view of some exclusive merits, such as easier compliance of drivers, and shorter sorting area. However, a major limitation of the phase swap sorting strategy is not considered in previous studies: if one or more vehicle is left at the sorting area after the signal light turns to red, the capacity of the approach would be dramatically dropped...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516209/foreign-language-effect-and-psychological-distance
#2
Hong Im Shin, Juyoung Kim
Does using a foreign language result in forming different moral decisions than using our mother tongue? Two studies were conducted to investigate whether there is a relationship between foreign language effects (differences between native vs. foreign language conditions) and psychological distance. Study 1 tested four moral dilemmas adapted from Greene et al. (Cognition 107: 1144-1155, 2008). Non-fluent Korean-English bilingual participants (N = 161) indicated decisions regarding four moral dilemmas in either Korean or English languages...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515783/trans-generational-plasticity-in-response-to-immune-challenge-is-constrained-by-heat-stress
#3
Olivia Roth, Susanne H Landis
Trans-generational plasticity (TGP) is the adjustment of phenotypes to changing habitat conditions that persist longer than the individual lifetime. Fitness benefits (adaptive TGP) are expected upon matching parent-offspring environments. In a global change scenario, several performance-related environmental factors are changing simultaneously. This lowers the predictability of offspring environmental conditions, potentially hampering the benefits of TGP. For the first time, we here explore how the combination of an abiotic and a biotic environmental factor in the parental generation plays out as trans-generational effect in the offspring...
June 2017: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511830/personality-disorders-and-the-difficult-dermatology-patient-maximizing-patient-satisfaction
#4
Mio Nakamura, John Koo
Personality disorders (PDs) are stable and enduring patterns of thought, feeling, and behavior that deviate from one's cultural norms and cause impairment in functionality. Patients with PDs are commonly encountered in the dermatologic setting and can be perceived by providers as "difficult." Given that PDs are chronic, rigid, and frustrating to deal with, it is important to be skillful in the approach to such patients, especially in the era of the value-based reimbursement system, in which patient satisfaction is crucial for reimbursement...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511821/somatization-in-the-dermatology-patient-some-sociocultural-perspectives
#5
Krishna M Prasad, Geetha Desai, Santosh K Chaturvedi
Somatization in dermatology patients is a challenge to diagnose and manage. Somatization presents as medically unexplained dermatologic symptoms, which are commonly encountered in dermatology and psychiatry practices. These cutaneous symptoms are often intriguing and do not fit into any particular known dermatologic condition. Sometimes, they may evoke negative feelings in the practicing dermatologist. The dermatologic somatic symptoms might be one way of communicating psychologic distress in a culturally acceptable method...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503140/gravity-as-a-strong-prior-implications-for-perception-and-action
#6
Björn Jörges, Joan López-Moliner
In the future, humans are likely to be exposed to environments with altered gravity conditions, be it only visually (Virtual and Augmented Reality), or visually and bodily (space travel). As visually and bodily perceived gravity as well as an interiorized representation of earth gravity are involved in a series of tasks, such as catching, grasping, body orientation estimation and spatial inferences, humans will need to adapt to these new gravity conditions. Performance under earth gravity discrepant conditions has been shown to be relatively poor, and few studies conducted in gravity adaptation are rather discouraging...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501898/family-first-the-costs-and-benefits-of-family-centrality-for-adolescents-with-high-conflict-families
#7
Cynthia X Yuen, Andrew J Fuligni, Nancy Gonzales, Eva H Telzer
Youth who do not identify with or value their families (i.e., low family centrality) are considered to be at risk for maladjustment. However, the current study investigated whether low family centrality may be adaptive in negative family contexts (i.e., high family conflict) because youth's self-worth should be less tied to the quality of their family relationships. Multilevel models using daily diaries and latent variable interactions using longitudinal questionnaires indicated that, among a sample of 428 Mexican American adolescents (49...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500541/ambivalence-over-emotional-expression-intrusive-thoughts-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-chinese-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Qian Lu, Nelson Yeung, Jenny Man, Matthew W Gallagher, Qiao Chu, Sidra H Deen
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are common among breast cancer survivors. However, the association and the underlying mediating mechanism between psychosocial factors and PTSS were rarely investigated among breast cancer survivors. Previous studies have suggested the importance of emotional expression in cancer survivors' PTSS. This study examined the association between ambivalence over emotional expression (AEE; defined as the conflict between the desire to express feelings and the fear of its consequences) and PTSS, and proposed intrusive thoughts as the mediators in such an association...
May 12, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500332/sexual-homomorphism-in-dioecious-trees-extensive-tests-fail-to-detect-sexual-dimorphism-in-populus-%C3%A2
#9
Athena D McKown, Jaroslav Klápště, Robert D Guy, Raju Y Soolanayakanahally, Jonathan La Mantia, Ilga Porth, Oleksandr Skyba, Faride Unda, Carl J Douglas, Yousry A El-Kassaby, Richard C Hamelin, Shawn D Mansfield, Quentin C B Cronk
The evolution of sexual dimorphism and expansion of sex chromosomes are both driven through sexual conflict, arising from differing fitness optima between males and females. Here, we pair work in poplar (Populus) describing one of the smallest sex-determining regions known thus far in complex eukaryotes (~100 kbp) with comprehensive tests for sexual dimorphism using >1300 individuals from two Populus species and assessing 96 non-reproductive functional traits. Against expectation, we found sexual homomorphism (no non-reproductive trait differences between the sexes), suggesting that gender is functionally neutral with respect to non-reproductive features that affect plant survival and fitness...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498540/patterns-of-adolescent-regulatory-responses-during-family-conflict-and-mental-health-trajectories
#10
Kalsea J Koss, E Mark Cummings, Patrick T Davies, Dante Cicchetti
Four distinct patterns of adolescents' behavioral, emotional, and physiological responses to family conflict were identified during mother-father-adolescent (M = 13.08 years) interactions. Most youth displayed adaptively regulated patterns comprised of low overt and subjective distress. Under-controlled adolescents exhibited elevated observable and subjective anger. Over-controlled adolescents were withdrawn and reported heightened subjective distress. Physiologically reactive adolescents had elevated cortisol coupled with low overt and subjective distress...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486083/progress-in-mass-spectrometry-based-proteomics-in-hypoxia-related-diseases-and-high-altitude-medicine
#11
Zhiqi Gao, Gang Luo, Bing Ni
Human migration, influenced by social conflict and natural disasters as well as global climate change, has become recognized as a major "planetary force." It has also brought to the forefront, new specialties of integrative biology-such as high-altitude medicine-and the impact of hitherto understudied environmental factors on human pathophysiology in these new geographical settings. For people migrating to or living in high-altitude regions, environmental hypoxia is a primary challenge. Decreased partial pressure of oxygen in environmental air, caused by lower barometric pressure, puts living organisms in a hypoxic state...
May 9, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481306/mth1-as-a-chemotherapeutic-target-the-elephant-in-the-room
#12
REVIEW
Govindi J Samaranayake, Mai Huynh, Priyamvada Rai
Many tumors sustain elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which drive oncogenic signaling. However, ROS can also trigger anti-tumor responses, such as cell death or senescence, through induction of oxidative stress and concomitant DNA damage. To circumvent the adverse consequences of elevated ROS levels, many tumors develop adaptive responses, such as enhanced redox-protective or oxidatively-generated damage repair pathways. Targeting these enhanced oxidative stress-protective mechanisms is likely to be both therapeutically effective and highly specific to cancer, as normal cells are less reliant on such mechanisms...
May 8, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475903/finding-joy-in-poor-health-the-leisure-scapes-of-chronic-illness
#13
Julia McQuoid
Globally, increasing numbers of people face the challenge of enjoying life while living with long-term illness. Little research addresses leisure participation for people with chronic illness despite its links with mental and physical health and self-rated quality of life. I use a space-time geographical approach to explore experiences with leisure in everyday life for 26 individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Australia. I examine ways in which the spatial and temporal characteristics of illness management and symptoms shape where, when, and how participants can enjoy leisure, focusing on: 1) logistical conflicts between illness and leisure; 2) rhythmic interferences with the force of habit in skilful leisure performance; and 3) absorbing experiences of encounter with self and place through leisure...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474153/-we-would-never-forget-who-we-are-resettlement-cultural-negotiation-and-family-relationships-among-somali-bantu-refugees
#14
Rochelle L Frounfelker, Mehret T Assefa, Emily Smith, Aweis Hussein, Theresa S Betancourt
Somali refugees are resettling in large numbers in the US, but little is known about the Somali Bantu, an ethnic minority within this population. Refugee youth mental health is linked to the functioning of the larger family unit. Understanding how the process of culturally adjusting to life after resettlement relates to family functioning can help identify what kind of interventions might strengthen families and lead to better mental health outcomes for youth. This paper seeks to address the following research questions: (1) How do different groups of Somali Bantu refugees describe their experiences of culturally adapting to life in the US?; and (2) How, if at all, do processes of cultural adaptation in a new country affect Somali Bantu family functioning? We conducted 14 focus groups with a total of 81 Somali Bantu refugees in New England...
May 4, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472298/adiponectin-stimulates-lipid-metabolism-via-ampk-in-rabbit-blastocysts
#15
Maria Schindler, Mareike Pendzialek, Katarzyna Joanna Grybel, Tom Seeling, Jacqueline Gürke, Bernd Fischer, Anne Navarrete Santos
STUDY QUESTION: How does a maternal diabetic hyperadiponectineamia affect signal transduction and lipid metabolism in rabbit preimplantation blastocysts? SUMMARY ANSWER: In a diabetic pregnancy increased levels of adiponectin led to a switch in embryonic metabolism towards a fatty acid-dependent energy metabolism, mainly affecting genes that are responsible for fatty acid uptake and turnover. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Although studies in cell culture experiments have shown that adiponectin is able to regulate lipid metabolism via 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), data on the effects of adiponectin on embryonic lipid metabolism are not available...
May 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471835/early-life-exposure-lifestyle-and-comorbidity-as-risk-factors-for-microscopic-colitis-a-case-control-study
#16
Bas P M Verhaegh, Marieke J Pierik, Danny Goudkade, Yvette S M T Cuijpers, Ad A M Masclee, Daisy M A E Jonkers
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of microscopic colitis (MC) is not fully understood. A dysregulation of the adaptive immune response has been hypothesized, of which the maturation and function is imprinted in early life. Various other factors (e.g., hormonal factors) have also been found to be associated, sometimes, with minimal or conflicting evidence. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether an exposure to (microbial) agents in early life might be protective for MC development and to assess the role of several less well-established risk factors in one study...
May 2, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470449/is-phenotypic-plasticity-a-key-mechanism-for-responding-to-thermal-stress-in-ants
#17
Cristela Sánchez Oms, Xim Cerdá, Raphaël Boulay
Unlike natural selection, phenotypic plasticity allows organisms to respond quickly to changing environmental conditions. However, plasticity may not always be adaptive. In insects, body size and other morphological measurements have been shown to decrease as temperature increases. This relationship may lead to a physiological conflict in ants, where larger body size and longer legs often confer better thermal resistance. Here, we tested the effect of developmental temperature (20, 24, 28 or 32 °C) on adult thermal resistance in the thermophilic ant species Aphaenogaster senilis...
June 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465806/translation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-ethical-conflict-in-nursing-questionnaire-critical-care-version-in-iran
#18
Fatemeh Motaharifar, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Amir Hosein Pishgooie, Anna Falcó-Pegueroles
INTRODUCTION: Ethical conflict is one of ICU nurses' main problems, which rise for several reasons that must be measured. Unfortunately, there is no native instrument for measuring ethical conflicts for ICU nurses in Iran. One of the more suitable and new tools for the measurement of ethical conflict is called the "Ethical Conflict in Nursing Questionnaire: Critical Care Version (ECCNQ-CCV)." This study was aimed to translate and investigate psychometric properties of the ECCNQ-CCV in Iranian nurses...
February 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460286/transgenerational-trauma-in-a-post-conflict-setting-effects-on-offspring-ptss-ptsd-and-offspring-vulnerability-in-cambodian-families
#19
Sebastian Burchert, Nadine Stammel, Christine Knaevelsrud
We assessed transgenerational effects of maternal traumatic exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder on trauma-related symptoms in Cambodian offspring born after the genocidal Khmer Rouge Regime. We conducted a randomized cross-sectional study. N=378 mothers from 4 provinces of the country and one of each of their grown-up children were interviewed. Lifetime traumatic exposure was determined using a context-adapted event list. Present posttraumatic stress symptoms and a potential posttraumatic stress disorder were assessed using the civilian version of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist...
April 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458636/individual-differences-in-cognitive-function-in-older-adults-predicted-by-neuronal-selectivity-at-corresponding-brain-regions
#20
Xiong Jiang, Jessica R Petok, Darlene V Howard, James H Howard
Relating individual differences in cognitive abilities to neural substrates in older adults is of significant scientific and clinical interest, but remains a major challenge. Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of cognitive aging have mainly focused on the amplitude of fMRI response, which does not measure neuronal selectivity and has led to some conflicting findings. Here, using local regional heterogeneity analysis, or Hcorr , a novel fMRI analysis technique developed to probe the sparseness of neuronal activations as an indirect measure of neuronal selectivity, we found that individual differences in two different cognitive functions, episodic memory and letter verbal fluency, are selectively related to Hcorr -estimated neuronal selectivity at their corresponding brain regions (hippocampus and visual-word form area, respectively)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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