keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Conflict adaptation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738093/experience-with-a-second-language-affects-the-use-of-fundamental-frequency-in-speech-segmentation
#1
Annie Tremblay, Jui Namjoshi, Elsa Spinelli, Mirjam Broersma, Taehong Cho, Sahyang Kim, Maria Teresa Martínez-García, Katrina Connell
This study investigates whether listeners' experience with a second language learned later in life affects their use of fundamental frequency (F0) as a cue to word boundaries in the segmentation of an artificial language (AL), particularly when the cues to word boundaries conflict between the first language (L1) and second language (L2). F0 signals phrase-final (and thus word-final) boundaries in French but word-initial boundaries in English. Participants were functionally monolingual French listeners, functionally monolingual English listeners, bilingual L1-English L2-French listeners, and bilingual L1-French L2-English listeners...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732064/mechanisms-of-aggregation-in-an-ant-tended-treehopper-attraction-to-mutualists-is-balanced-by-conspecific-competition
#2
Manuel A Morales, Andrew G Zink
Understanding the spatial structure of populations and communities has been a dominant focus of ecological research, and spatial structure is increasingly seen as critical for understanding population dynamics. Habitat (or host) preference is a proximate mechanism that can generate aggregation or overdispersion, lending insight into the ultimate consequences of observed spatial distributions. Publilia concava is a univoltine phloem-feeding insect that forms mutualistic associations with ants, which consume honeydew and protect treehoppers from predation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725176/a-potential-animal-model-of-maladaptive-palatable-food-consumption-followed-by-delayed-discomfort
#3
Lital Moshe, Liza Bekker, Aron Weller
Introduction: Binging is the consumption of larger amounts of food in a briefer period of time than would normally be consumed under similar circumstances. Binging requires palatable food (PF) to trigger abnormal eating, probably reflecting gene × environment interactions. In this study we examined the impact of trait binge eating (BE) and its compulsive nature on the conflict between hedonic eating of PF and anticipation of a delayed aversive effect. We used female rats as an animal model similar to other models of BE...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722647/what-factors-are-associated-with-autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-hearing-help-seekers
#4
Jason Ridgway, Louise Hickson, Christopher Lind
BACKGROUND: Hearing impairment is prevalent in older adults. Motivation is important in people's choice to seek help for their hearing and whether to adopt or not adopt hearing aids. PURPOSE: To investigate associations between sociodemographic and audiometric characteristics and autonomous and controlled motivation among a sample of hearing help-seekers. RESEARCH DESIGN: A quantitative approach was taken for this cross-sectional cohort study...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719249/applying-sensory-modulation-to-mental-health-inpatient-care-to-reduce-seclusion-and-restraint-a-case-control-study
#5
Charlotte Andersen, Anne Kolmos, Kjeld Andersen, Volkmar Sippel, Elsebeth Stenager
BACKGROUND: Clinical training in managing conflicts and preventing violence seldom contains sensory modulation (SM) as a method to de-escalate and prevent restraint and seclusion. Sensory-based interventions promote adaptive regulation of arousal and emotion. SM is a complementary approach that is associated with reduced rates of seclusion and restraint in mental healthcare, but there is need for more research in this area. AIMS: Using SM to reduce restraint and seclusion in inpatient mental health care...
July 18, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715908/ptsd-psychotherapy-outcome-predicted-by-brain-activation-during-emotional-reactivity-and-regulation
#6
Gregory A Fonzo, Madeleine S Goodkind, Desmond J Oathes, Yevgeniya V Zaiko, Meredith Harvey, Kathy K Peng, M Elizabeth Weiss, Allison L Thompson, Sanno E Zack, Steven E Lindley, Bruce A Arnow, Booil Jo, James J Gross, Barbara O Rothbaum, Amit Etkin
OBJECTIVE: Exposure therapy is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but many patients do not respond. Brain functions governing treatment outcome are not well characterized. The authors examined brain systems relevant to emotional reactivity and regulation, constructs that are thought to be central to PTSD and exposure therapy effects, to identify the functional traits of individuals most likely to benefit from treatment. METHOD: Individuals with PTSD underwent functional MRI (fMRI) while completing three tasks assessing emotional reactivity and regulation...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714199/the-effect-of-dopaminergic-medication-on-conflict-adaptation-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Marit F L Ruitenberg, Elger L Abrahamse, Patrick Santens, Wim Notebaert
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder associated primarily with motor symptoms such as tremor, slowness of movement, and difficulties with gait and balance. Most patients take dopaminergic medication to improve their motor functions. Previous studies reported indications that such medication can impair higher cognitive functions (cf. dopamine overdose hypothesis). In the present study, we examined the effect of medication status on conflict adaptation. PD patients performed a Stroop task in which we manipulated the proportion of congruent and incongruent items, thereby allowing us to explore conflict adaptation...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713305/sequential-modulations-in-a-combined-horizontal-and-vertical-simon-task-is-there-erp-evidence-for-feature-integration-effects
#8
Katharina Hoppe, Kristina Küper, Edmund Wascher
In the Simon task, participants respond faster when the task-irrelevant stimulus position and the response position are corresponding, for example on the same side, compared to when they have a non-corresponding relation. Interestingly, this Simon effect is reduced after non-corresponding trials. Such sequential effects can be explained in terms of a more focused processing of the relevant stimulus dimension due to increased cognitive control, which transfers from the previous non-corresponding trial (conflict adaptation effects)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699668/poems-syndrome-2017-update-on-diagnosis-risk-stratification-and-management
#9
Angela Dispenzieri
DISEASE OVERVIEW: POEMS syndrome is a paraneoplastic syndrome due to an underlying plasma cell neoplasm. The major criteria for the syndrome are polyradiculoneuropathy, clonal plasma cell disorder (PCD), sclerotic bone lesions, elevated vascular endothelial growth factor, and the presence of Castleman disease. Minor features include organomegaly, endocrinopathy, characteristic skin changes, papilledema, extravascular volume overload, and thrombocytosis. Diagnoses are often delayed because the syndrome is rare and can be mistaken for other neurologic disorders, most commonly chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy...
August 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697494/diet-and-activity-of-macaca-assamensis-in-wild-and-semi-provisioned-groups-in-shivapuri-nagarjun-national-park-nepal
#10
Sabina Koirala, Mukesh K Chalise, Hem Bahadur Katuwal, Raju Gaire, Bishnu Pandey, Hideshi Ogawa
Studying the behavioural flexibility and adaptability of macaques to different habitats is one approach to designing a conservation plan. To determine the activity budget and feeding behaviour and evaluate the effects of seasonality in wild and human- altered habitats of Assamese macaques (Macaca assamensis), we conducted this study in the Nagarjun forest of Shivapuri-Nagarjun National Park (SNNP) in central Nepal. We also updated the list of plant food items of Assamese macaques in the SNNP. Using scan and all-occurrence sampling, we recorded the diets and activities of Assamese macaques in 2 social groups, a wild-feeding group (WG) and a semi-provisioned group (SPG), throughout the year from August 2013 to July 2014...
July 12, 2017: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694229/motor-expertise-modulates-neural-oscillations-and-temporal-dynamics-of-cognitive-control
#11
Chun-Hao Wang, Cheng-Ta Yang, David Moreau, Neil G Muggleton
The field of motor expertise in athletes has recently been receiving increasing levels of investigation. However, there has been less investigation of how dynamic changes in behavior and in neural activity as a result of sporting participation might result in superiority for athletes in domain-general cognition. We used a flanker task to investigate conflict-related behavioral measures, such as mean reaction time (RT) and RT variability, in conjunction with electroencephalographic (EEG) measures, including N2d, theta activity power, and inter-trial phase coherence (ITPC)...
July 8, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689511/evaluating-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-group-who-trans-diagnostic-intervention-for-women-with-common-mental-disorders-in-rural-pakistan-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial
#12
M N Khan, S U Hamdani, A Chiumento, K Dawson, R A Bryant, M Sijbrandij, H Nazir, P Akhtar, A Masood, D Wang, E Wang, I Uddin, M V Ommeren, A Rahman
AIMS: The aim of this feasibility trial was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the locally adapted Group Problem Management Plus (PM+) intervention for women in the conflict affected settings in Swat, Pakistan. METHODS: This mixed-methods study incorporated a quantitative component consisting of a two arm cluster randomised controlled feasibility trial, and qualitative evaluation of the acceptability of the Group PM+ to a range of stakeholder groups...
July 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686132/organizing-for-teamwork-in-healthcare-an-alternative-to-team-training
#13
Christofer Rydenfält, Per Odenrick, Per Anders Larsson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how organizational design could support teamwork and to identify organizational design principles that promote successful teamwork. Design/methodology/approach Since traditional team training sessions take resources away from production, the alternative approach pursued here explores the promotion of teamwork by means of organizational design. A wide and pragmatic definition of teamwork is applied: a team is considered to be a group of people that are set to work together on a task, and teamwork is then what they do in relation to their task...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686085/conceptualizing-minimalist-footwear-an-objective-definition
#14
Devon R Coetzee, Yumna Albertus, Nicholas Tam, Ross Tucker
Running has been plagued with an alarmingly high incidence of injury, which has resulted in the exploration of interventions aimed at reducing the risk of running-related injury. One such intervention is the introduction of footwear that mimics barefoot running. These have been termed minimalist shoes. Minimalist footwear aims to reduce the risk of injury by promoting adaptations in running biomechanics that have been linked to a reduction in both impact and joint forces. However, some studies have found that minimalist footwear may be beneficial to the runner as they promote favourable biomechanical adaptations, whilst other studies have found the opposite to be true...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683927/cognitive-control-during-a-spatial-stroop-task-comparing-conflict-monitoring-and-prediction-of-response-outcome-theories
#15
Luís Pires, José Leitão, Chiara Guerrini, Mário R Simões
Cognitive control allows information processing and behaviour to vary adaptively from moment to moment depending on current goals. Two of the most prominent theories that have been proposed to account for the processing of cognitive control are the Conflict Monitoring Theory (CMT) and the Prediction of Response-Outcome Theory (PRO). According to both theories, the implementation of cognitive control during a trial in a conflict task reflects processing events that occurred in the preceding trial. Both CMT and PRO advocate that the detection of conflict situations leads to the recruitment of cognitive control, but they differ regarding the processing underpinnings of cognitive control during conflict resolution...
July 3, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680686/cross-sensory-modulation-in-a-future-top-predator-the-young-nile-crocodile
#16
Laura Chabrolles, Gérard Coureaud, Nicolas Boyer, Nicolas Mathevon, Marilyn Beauchaud
Animals routinely receive information through different sensory channels, and inputs from a modality may modulate the perception and behavioural reaction to others. In spite of their potential adaptive value, the behavioural correlates of this cross-sensory modulation have been poorly investigated. Due to their predator life, crocodilians deal with decisional conflicts emerging from concurrent stimuli. By testing young Crocodylus niloticus with sounds in the absence or presence of chemical stimuli, we show that (i) the prandial (feeding) state modulates the responsiveness of the animal to a congruent, i...
June 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679725/the-physical-environment-mediates-male-harm-and-its-effect-on-selection-in-females
#17
Li Yun, Patrick J Chen, Amardeep Singh, Aneil F Agrawal, Howard D Rundle
Recent experiments indicate that male preferential harassment of high-quality females reduces the variance in female fitness, thereby weakening natural selection through females and hampering adaptation and purging. We propose that this phenomenon, which results from a combination of male choice and male-induced harm, should be mediated by the physical environment in which intersexual interactions occur. Using Drosophila melanogaster, we examined intersexual interactions in small and simple (standard fly vials) versus slightly more realistic (small cages with spatial structure) environments...
July 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673824/incorporating-ligament-laxity-in-a-finite-element-model-for-the-upper-cervical-spine
#18
Timothy L Lasswell, Duane S Cronin, John B Medley, Parham Rasoulinejad
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Predicting physiological range of motion (ROM) using a finite element (FE) model of the upper cervical spine requires the incorporation of ligament laxity. The effect of ligament laxity can only be observed on a macro level of joint motion and is lost once ligaments have been dissected and preconditioned for experimental testing. As a result, although ligament laxity values are recognized to exist, specific values are not directly available in the literature for use in FE models...
June 30, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667695/recognition-memory-cellular-evidence-of-a-massive-contribution-of-the-lec-to-familiarity-and-a-lack-of-involvement-of-the-hippocampal-subfields-ca1-and-ca3
#19
Erika Atucha, Artem Karew, Takashi Kitsukawa, Magdalena M Sauvage
A highly debated issue in memory research is whether familiarity is supported by the parahippocampal region, especially the lateral (LEC) and the perirhinal (PER) cortices, or whether it is supported by the same brain structure as recollection: the hippocampus. One reason for this is that conflicting results have emerged regarding the contribution of the hippocampus to familiarity. This might stem from the lack of dissociation between hippocampal subfields CA1 and CA3 as these areas are involved to a different extent in processes which are pertinent to familiarity...
July 1, 2017: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655202/small-rna-activity-in-archaeological-barley-shows-novel-germination-inhibition-in-response-to-environment
#20
Oliver Smith, Sarah A Palmer, Alan J Clapham, Pamela Rose, Yuan Liu, Jun Wang, Robin G Allaby
The recovery of ancient RNA from archaeological material could enable the direct study of micro-evolutionary processes. Small RNAs are a rich source of information because their small size is compatible with biomolecular preservation, and their roles in gene regulation make them likely foci of evolutionary change. We present here the small RNA fraction from a sample of archaeological barley generated using high-throughput sequencing that has previously been associated with localised adaptation to drought. Its microRNA profile is broadly similar to 19 globally distributed modern barley samples with the exception of three microRNAs (miRNA159, miRNA319, and miR396), all of which are known to have variable expression under stress conditions...
June 24, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
keyword
keyword
72268
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"