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Conflict adaptation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334466/home-care-services-for-sick-children-healthcare-professionals-conceptions-of-challenges-and-facilitators
#1
Charlotte Castor, Inger Hallström, Helena Hansson, Kajsa Landgren
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore healthcare professionals' conceptions of caring for sick children in home care services. BACKGROUND: Families often prefer home care to hospital care and the number of home care services for children is increasing. Caring for children at home has been recognised as challenging for healthcare professionals in home care services used to providing care predominately for adults. DESIGN: An inductive qualitative design...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334177/genetic-and-environmental-integration-of-the-hawkmoth-pollination-syndrome-in-ruellia-humilis-acanthaceae
#2
John S Heywood, Joseph S Michalski, Braden K McCann, Amber D Russo, Kara J Andres, Allison R Hall, Tessa C Middleton
Background and Aims: The serial homology of floral structures has made it difficult to assess the relative contributions of selection and constraint to floral integration. The interpretation of floral integration may also be clouded by the tacit, but largely untested, assumption that genetic and environmental perturbations affect trait correlations in similar ways. In this study, estimates of both the genetic and environmental correlations between components of the hawkmoth pollination syndrome are presented for chasmogamous flowers of Ruellia humilis , including two levels of control for serial homology...
February 28, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329861/varying-appraisals-of-elder-mistreatment-among-victims-findings-from-a-population-based-study
#3
David Burnes, Mark S Lachs, Denise Burnette, Karl Pillemer
Objectives: Prior elder mistreatment (EM) research has not examined subjective assessments of problem seriousness from the perspective of victims. This study sought to describe the variation in appraisals of perceived EM seriousness among victims of emotional abuse, physical abuse, and neglect and to examine factors that influence varying appraisals using neutralization theory. Methods: Data came from a subsample of EM victims (n = 191) drawn from a representative, population-based study (n = 4,156) of community-dwelling, cognitively intact older adults in New York State...
March 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327698/accuracy-and-reliability-of-different-cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct-devices-for-structural-analysis-of-alveolar-bone-in-comparison-with-multislice-ct-and-micro-ct
#4
Jeroen Van Dessel, Laura Ferreira Pinheiro Nicolielo, Yan Huang, Walter Coudyzer, Benjamin Salmon, Ivo Lambrichts, Reinhilde Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) may be used for clinically reliable alveolar bone quality assessment in comparison to its clinical alternatives, multislice computed tomography and the gold standard (micro-CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six dentate mandibular bone samples were scanned with seven CBCT devices (ProMax 3D Max, NewTom GiANO, Cranex 3D, 3D Accuitomo 170, Carestream 9300, Scanora 3D, I-CAT Next generation), one micro-CT scanner (SkyScan 1174) and one MSCT machine (Somatom Definition Flash) using two protocols (standard and high-resolution)...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327198/improving-the-adaptability-of-who-evidence-informed-guidelines-for-nutrition-actions-results-of-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#5
Maria Cecilia Dedios, Alexo Esperato, Luz Maria De-Regil, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Susan L Norris
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, the World Health Organization (WHO) has implemented a standardized, evidence-informed guideline development process to assure technically sound and policy-relevant guidelines. This study is an independent evaluation of the adaptability of the guidelines produced by the Evidence and Programme Guidance unit, at the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development (NHD). The study systematizes the lessons learned by the NHD group at WHO. METHODS: We used a mixed methods approach to determine the adaptability of the nutrition guidelines...
March 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324705/more-pain-more-gain-blocking-the-opioid-system-boosts-adaptive-cognitive-control
#6
Henk van Steenbergen, Daniel H Weissman, Dan J Stein, Susan Malcolm-Smith, Jack van Honk
The ability to adaptively increase cognitive control in response to cognitive challenges is crucial for goal-directed behavior. Recent findings suggest that aversive arousal triggers adaptive increases of control, but the neurochemical mechanisms underlying these effects remain unclear. Given the known contributions of the opioid system to hedonic states, we investigated whether blocking this system increases adaptive control modulations. To do so, we conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled psychopharmacological study (n=52 females) involving a Stroop-like task...
March 7, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323194/international-experts-practice-in-the-antibiotic-therapy-of-infective-endocarditis-is-not-following-the-guidelines
#7
H Tissot-Dupont, J P Casalta, F Gouriet, S Hubert, E Salaun, G Habib, M P Fernandez-Gerlinger, J L Mainardi, P Tattevin, M Revest, F Lucht, E Botelho-Nevers, A Gagneux-Brunon, U Snygg-Martin, K L Chan, J Bishara, I Vilacosta, C Olmos, J A San Román, J López, P Tornos, N Fernández-Hidalgo, E Durante-Mangoni, R Utili, M Paul, L M Baddour, D C De Simone, M R Sohail, J M Steckelberg, W R Wilson, D Raoult
OBJECTIVE: The management of infective endocarditis (IE) may differ from international guidelines, even in reference centers. This is probably due to the fact that most recommendations are not based on hard evidence, so that the consensus obtained for the guidelines does not represent actual practices. For this reason, we aimed at evaluating this question in the particular field of antibiotic therapy. METHODS: Thirteen international centers specialized in the management of IE were selected, according to their reputation, clinical results, original research publications and quotations...
March 18, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320224/identification-of-common-neural-circuit-disruptions-in-cognitive-control-across-psychiatric-disorders
#8
Lisa M McTeague, Julia Huemer, David M Carreon, Ying Jiang, Simon B Eickhoff, Amit Etkin
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive deficits are a common feature of psychiatric disorders. The authors investigated the nature of disruptions in neural circuitry underlying cognitive control capacities across psychiatric disorders through a transdiagnostic neuroimaging meta-analysis. METHOD: A PubMed search was conducted for whole-brain functional neuroimaging articles published through June 2015 that compared activation in patients with axis I disorders and matched healthy control participants during cognitive control tasks...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319691/trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-in-the-early-childhood-period-and-family-wide-clustering-of-risk
#9
Sheri Madigan, Mark Wade, André Plamondon, Jennifer M Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Previous research on individual differences in the course of maternal depressive symptoms has yielded inconsistent findings, with significant variation in the number and pattern of trajectories identified. In addition, missing from the literature is a comprehensive examination of predictors and longitudinal consequences of particular depression trajectories. METHOD: Participants in this study included a community cohort of 501 women assessed for depression using the Center for Epidemiologic Depression Scale at infant age 2, 18, 36, and 54 months...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304130/the-focus-on-chemicals-alone-in-human-dominated-ecosystems-is-inappropriate
#10
G Allen Burton
As the earth's human population continues to increase, mega-cities rapidly expand, and agriculture tries to meet their needs - ecosystems are increasingly dominated by humans. This, of course, equates to increased loadings of eroded soils, nutrients, and chemicals along with more degraded habitat. Governments will continue to struggle to address these conflicting issues and must adapt into more effective and efficient management modes. The traditional focus on using chemical-specific guidelines as the foundation of environmental protection and restoration no longer is sufficient and must move to a more realistic and effective approach...
March 17, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300607/high-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-impaired-cognitive-control
#11
Roberta Sellaro, Lorenza S Colzato
The prevalence of weight problems is increasing worldwide. There is growing evidence that high body mass index (BMI) is associated with frontal lobe dysfunction and cognitive deficits concerning mental flexibility and inhibitory control efficiency. The present study aims at replicating and extending these observations. We compared cognitive control performance of normal weight (BMI < 25) and overweight (BMI ≥ 25) university students on a task tapping either inhibitory control (Experiment 1) or interference control (Experiment 2)...
March 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299300/the-health-seeking-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-iranian-patient-with-osteoarthritis-about-pain-management-a-qualitative-study
#12
Vahid Zamanzadeh, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Marjaneh Foolady, Mozhgan Behshid, Alireza Irajpoor
Introduction: Pain is the main reason for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) to visit health clinics. Health seeking behaviors indicate unmet patient needs and lack of understanding of OA pain patterns. This study aimed to describe the experiences of Iranian patients with OA and explore their health seeking behaviors and perceptions on pain management related to osteoarthritis. Methods: Using a qualitative approach, data was collected by interviewing 19 patients, 2 family members, and 5 health care providers from the in-patient and out-patient clinics, and physicians' offices...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298198/maternal-and-neonatal-service-usage-and-determinants-in-fragile-and-conflict-affected-situations-a-systematic-review-of-asia-and-the-middle-east
#13
Saji S Gopalan, Ashis Das, Natasha Howard
BACKGROUND: Fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS) in Asia and the Middle-East contribute significantly to global maternal and neonatal deaths. This systematic review explored maternal and neonatal health (MNH) services usage and determinants in FCS in Asia and the Middle-East to inform policy on health service provision in these challenging settings. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted using a standardised protocol. Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and selected development agency websites were searched for studies meeting inclusion criteria...
March 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295276/dreaming-woman-image-place-and-the-aesthetics-of-exile
#14
Rachel Greenspan
Looking closely at an Argentine dream interpretation column published in a popular women's magazine from 1948 to 1951, this article examines the role of the dream image in shaping psychoanalytic discourse on femininity and national identity. The column, 'Psychoanalysis Will Help You,' emerged during Juan Domingo Perón's first presidency, featuring verbal interpretations written under the pen name 'Richard Rest,' as well as surreal photomontages by Grete Stern, a German-born, Bauhaus-trained photographer living in exile since 1936...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293898/the-negative-impact-of-an-uncertain-residence-status-analysis-of-migration-related-stressors-in-outpatients-with-turkish-migration-background-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-germany-over-a-10-year-period-2005-2014
#15
Matthias J Müller, Sabrina Zink, Eckhardt Koch
Several studies indicate that immigration is associated with a higher risk for mental disorders, particularly in refugees and asylum seekers. We investigated migration-related distress in outpatients with Turkish migration background and a psychiatric disorder. Asylum applicants (ASA) and migrants with a permanent residency status (PRS) from a specialized German psychiatric outpatient service were compared with respect to clinical variables and stressors related to migration and acculturation. Of n = 620 migrant outpatients (main diagnosis: 3...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290967/the-brief-military-career-of-dr-william-h-welch
#16
James K Gilman
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this article is to examine the Army service of Dr. William H. Welch during World War I. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archival research utilizing prime source documents in the William H. Welch Collection of the Alan M. Chesney Medical Archives for the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. RESULTS: Welch joined the Army at the age of 67 after serving as one of the principal transformational forces for reforming medical education in the United States and founding the first academic institution for educating public health professionals in the United States, the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and Hygiene...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288178/can-application-and-transfer-of-strategy-be-observed-in-low-visibility-condition
#17
Imen El Karoui, Kalliopi Christoforidis, Lionel Naccache
It has been long assumed that cognitive control processes can only be applied on consciously visible stimuli, but empirical evidence is contradictory. In the present study, we investigated strategic adaptation to conflict both in unmasked and in low-visibility masked trials. Using a paradigm derived from the Stroop task, we studied the application of strategies, but also the transfer of a strategy developed in unmasked trials to masked trials, and the trial-to-trial dynamics of strategic processing. In unmasked trials, we found evidence of strategic adaptation to conflict, both in reaction times and in ERPs (N2 and P300)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285406/leftward-oculomotor-prismatic-training-induces-a-rightward-bias-in-normal-subjects
#18
I Ronga, P Sarasso, F Raineri, J-R Duhamel, C Becchio, M Neppi-Modona
Wedge prisms shifting the visual field laterally create a mismatch between the straight ahead position signalled by vision and that encoded by extraretinal and head-on-trunk proprioceptive information. Short-term adaptation to left-deviating prisms in normal subjects results in a visuomotor attentional bias towards the right-hand side (aftereffect). Prismatic adaptation (PA) is usually induced through a training consisting in repeated ballistic movements of the dominant arm towards visual targets, while participants are wearing prismatic goggles...
March 11, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277747/interrelationships-among-men-s-threat-potential-facial-dominance-and-vocal-dominance
#19
Chengyang Han, Michal Kandrik, Amanda C Hahn, Claire I Fisher, David R Feinberg, Iris J Holzleitner, Lisa M DeBruine, Benedict C Jones
The benefits of minimizing the costs of engaging in violent conflict are thought to have shaped adaptations for the rapid assessment of others' capacity to inflict physical harm. Although studies have suggested that men's faces and voices both contain information about their threat potential, one recent study suggested that men's faces are a more valid cue of their threat potential than their voices are. Consequently, the current study investigated the interrelationships among a composite measure of men's actual threat potential (derived from the measures of their upper-body strength, height, and weight) and composite measures of these men's perceived facial and vocal threat potential (derived from dominance, strength, and weight ratings of their faces and voices, respectively)...
January 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275114/binding-and-inhibition-of-the-ternary-complex-factor-elk-4-sap1-by-the-adapter-protein-dok-4
#20
Erika Hooker, Cindy Baldwin, Victoria Roodman, Anupam Batra, Tomoko Takano, Serge Lemay
The adapter protein Dok-4 has been reported as both activator and inhibitor of Erk and Elk-1, but lack of knowledge about the identity of its partner molecules has precluded any mechanistic insight into these seemingly conflicting properties. We report that Dok-4 interacts with the transactivation domain of Elk-4  through an atypical PTB domain-mediated interaction. Dok-4 possesses a nuclear export signal and can relocalize Elk-4 from nucleus to cytosol, whereas Elk-4 possesses two nuclear localization signals that restrict interaction with Dok-4...
March 8, 2017: Biochemical Journal
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