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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444286/screening-for-preeclampsia-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#1
Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Preeclampsia affects approximately 4% of pregnancies in the United States. It is the second leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide and may lead to serious maternal complications, including stroke, eclampsia, and organ failure. Adverse perinatal outcomes for the fetus and newborn include intrauterine growth restriction, low birth weight, and stillbirth. Many of the complications associated with preeclampsia lead to early induction of labor or cesarean delivery and subsequent preterm birth...
April 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443045/automatic-approach-tendencies-toward-high-and-low-caloric-food-in-restrained-eaters-influence-of-task-relevance-and-mood
#2
Renate A M Neimeijer, Anne Roefs, Brian D Ostafin, Peter J de Jong
Objective: Although restrained eaters are motivated to control their weight by dieting, they are often unsuccessful in these attempts. Dual process models emphasize the importance of differentiating between controlled and automatic tendencies to approach food. This study investigated the hypothesis that heightened automatic approach tendencies in restrained eaters would be especially prominent in contexts where food is irrelevant for their current tasks. Additionally, we examined the influence of mood on the automatic tendency to approach food as a function of dietary restraint...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442714/mitigating-herding-in-hierarchical-crowdsourcing-networks
#3
Han Yu, Chunyan Miao, Cyril Leung, Yiqiang Chen, Simon Fauvel, Victor R Lesser, Qiang Yang
Hierarchical crowdsourcing networks (HCNs) provide a useful mechanism for social mobilization. However, spontaneous evolution of the complex resource allocation dynamics can lead to undesirable herding behaviours in which a small group of reputable workers are overloaded while leaving other workers idle. Existing herding control mechanisms designed for typical crowdsourcing systems are not effective in HCNs. In order to bridge this gap, we investigate the herding dynamics in HCNs and propose a Lyapunov optimization based decision support approach - the Reputation-aware Task Sub-delegation approach with dynamic worker effort Pricing (RTS-P) - with objective functions aiming to achieve superlinear time-averaged collective productivity in an HCN...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439846/partnership-for-a-healthier-america-creating-change-through-private-sector-partnerships
#4
REVIEW
Caitlin Simon, S Lawrence Kocot, William H Dietz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides background on the formation of the Partnership for a Healthier America (PHA), that was created in conjunction with the Let's Move! initiative, and an overview of its work to date. RECENT FINDINGS: To encourage industry to offer and promote healthier options, PHA partners with the private sector. Principles that guide PHA partnerships include ensuring that partnerships represent meaningful change, partners sign a legally binding contract and progress is monitored and publicly reported...
April 24, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438548/promoting-toddlers-vegetable-consumption-through-interactive-reading-and-puppetry
#5
Simone M de Droog, Roselinde van Nee, Mieke Govers, Moniek Buijzen
Picture books with characters that promote healthy eating are increasingly being used to make this behavior more attractive. The first aim of this study was to investigate whether the effect of vegetable-promoting picture books on toddlers' vegetable consumption differed according to the reading style and the use of a hand puppet during reading. The second aim was to investigate whether these effects were mediated by toddlers' narrative involvement and character imitation. In a 2 (reading style: interactive vs...
April 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434429/association-between-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-nighttime-driving-performance-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Nathan Cross, Zoe Terpening, Shantel L Duffy, Simon J G Lewis, Ron Grunstein, Keith Wong, Sharon L Naismith
OBJECTIVES: The effect of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) on driving performance in older adults has not been extensively investigated, especially in those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between severity measures of SDB and a simulated driving task in older adults with and without MCI. METHODS: Nineteen older adults (age ≥50) meeting criteria for MCI and 23 age-matched cognitively intact controls underwent neuropsychological assessment and a driving simulator task in the evening before a diagnostic sleep study...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432773/transition-of-the-functional-brain-network-related-to-increasing-cognitive-demands
#7
Karolina Finc, Kamil Bonna, Monika Lewandowska, Tomasz Wolak, Jan Nikadon, Joanna Dreszer, Włodzisław Duch, Simone Kühn
Network neuroscience provides tools that can easily be used to verify main assumptions of the global workspace theory (GWT), such as the existence of highly segregated information processing during effortless tasks performance, engagement of multiple distributed networks during effortful tasks and the critical role of long-range connections in workspace formation. A number of studies support the assumptions of GWT by showing the reorganization of the whole-brain functional network during cognitive task performance; however, the involvement of specific large scale networks in the formation of workspace is still not well-understood...
April 22, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426950/testing-the-validity-of-a-continuous-false-belief-task-in-3-to-7-year-old-children
#8
Caitlin E V Mahy, Daniel M Bernstein, Lindsey D Gerrard, Cristina M Atance
In two studies, we examined young children's performance on the paper-and-pencil version of the Sandbox task, a continuous measure of false belief, and its relations with other false belief and inhibition tasks. In Study 1, 96 children aged 3 to 7years completed three false belief tasks (Sandbox, Unexpected Contents, and Appearance/Reality) and two inhibition tasks (Head-Shoulders-Knees-Toes and Grass/Snow). Results revealed that false belief bias-a measure of egocentrism-on the Sandbox task correlated with age but not with the Unexpected Contents or Appearance/Reality task or with measures of inhibition after controlling for age...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425746/look-on-the-bright-side-positivity-bias-modulates-interference-effects-in-the-simon-task
#9
Friederike Schlaghecken, Elisabeth Blagrove, Konstantinos Mantantzis, Elizabeth A Maylor, Derrick G Watson
Negative faces are detected more quickly but categorized more slowly than positive faces. Using a Simon task, we examined stimulus- and response-related processes of this dissociation: If negative stimuli are both processed and responded to more quickly than positive ones, they should elicit reduced Simon effects. Conversely, if negative stimuli are processed more quickly but responded to more slowly, enlarged Simon effects should occur. Consistent with the first possibility, negative stimuli showed reduced Simon effects...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424380/-schizotypy-detachment-or-magical-fusion
#10
János Kállai, Mária Simon, István Hartung, Béla Birkás, Róbert Herold
Nowadays, both in the clinical population, and in general communities, we tend to encounter an increasing number of personality disorder patients, whose social adjustment, partnerships and efficient life management is made difficult by the disorder. The ideas of borderline personality disorder patients, who fluctuate between farfetched expectations and fears of their selves being demolished, schizoid patients, who close their selves in their own alienating prison, avoidant patients, who try to escape difficulties, which would enhance their self-esteem, OCD patients, who build their own mythic superstitious world, and antisocial patients who tend to ignore and aggressively override others' interests are all important in the development of cultures with insecure identities...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414508/dissociating-affective-and-semantic-valence
#11
Oksana Itkes, Ruth Kimchi, Hadeel Haj-Ali, Avia Shapiro, Assaf Kron
We examined the possible dissociation between two modes of valence: affective valence (valence of e emotional response) and semantic valence (stored knowledge about valence of an object or event). In Experiment 1, 50 participants viewed affective pictures that were repeatedly presented while their facial electromyography (EMG) activation and heart rate response were continuously recorded. Half of the participants provided self-report ratings about the valence of their feelings and half about the valence of the stimulus...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413054/corrigendum-to-evidence-of-substantial-development-of-inhibitory-control-and-sustained-attention-between-6-and-8years-of-age-on-an-unpredictable-go-no-go-task-j-exp-child-psychol-157-2017-66-80
#12
Frances C Lewis, Robert A Reeve, Simon P Kelly, Katherine A Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412948/a-computerized-tablet-system-for-evaluating-treatment-of-essential-tremor-by-magnetic-resonance-guided-focused-ultrasound
#13
Fred Tam, Yuexi Huang, Michael L Schwartz, Tom A Schweizer, Kullervo Hynynen, Simon J Graham
BACKGROUND: Transcranial magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound is an emerging technology under evaluation for treatment of essential tremor, a prevalent movement disorder. A qualitative evaluation is performed by a clinician periodically during the procedure to maximize treatment effects and minimize adverse effects. The present work demonstrates a magnetic resonance-compatible method to enable more precise, quantitative measurement of tremor severity. METHODS: Tremor severity was measured in 12 patients pre-, post-, and intra-operatively, using a magnetic resonance-compatible tablet and a computerized adaptation of drawing tasks from the widely-used Fahn-Tolosa-Marin Tremor Rating Scale...
April 17, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410383/shared-processing-in-multiple-object-tracking-and-visual-working-memory-in-the-absence-of-response-order-and-task-order-confounds
#14
Mark D Lapierre, Simon J Cropper, Piers D L Howe
To understand how the visual system represents multiple moving objects and how those representations contribute to tracking, it is essential that we understand how the processes of attention and working memory interact. In the work described here we present an investigation of that interaction via a series of tracking and working memory dual-task experiments. Previously, it has been argued that tracking is resistant to disruption by a concurrent working memory task and that any apparent disruption is in fact due to observers making a response to the working memory task, rather than due to competition for shared resources...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410183/online-versus-telephone-methods-to-recruit-and-interview-older-gay-and-bisexual-men-treated-for-prostate-cancer-findings-from-the-restore-study
#15
B R Simon Rosser, Benjamin Capistrant
BACKGROUND: Recently, researchers have faced the challenge of conflicting recommendations for online versus traditional methods to recruit and interview older, sexual minority men. Older populations represent the cohort least likely to be online, necessitating the use of traditional research methods, such as telephone or in-person interviews. By contrast, gay and bisexual men represent a population of early adopters of new technology, both in general and for medical research. In a study of older gay and bisexual men with prostate cancer, we asked whether respondents preferred online versus offline methods for data collection...
July 19, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408696/assessment-of-tongue-mechanical-properties-using-different-contraction-tasks
#16
Wen-Yang Li, Simon Gakwaya, Didier Saey, Frédéric Sériès
Inadequate UA dilator muscle function may play an important role in the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). To date, tongue mechanical properties have been mainly assessed using protrusion protocol with conflicting results, while performance during elevation task among patients with OSA remains unknown. This study was aimed to assess tongue muscle strength, strength stability, endurance time, fatigue indices and muscle total work, using elevation and protrusion tasks with repetitive isometric fatiguing contractions during awake in 12 normal+mild, 17 moderate and 11 severe patients with OSA, and to assess the influence of BMI and age...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408290/automated-template-based-brain-localization-and-extraction-for-fetal-brain-mri-reconstruction
#17
Sébastien Tourbier, Clemente Velasco-Annis, Vahid Taimouri, Patric Hagmann, Reto Meuli, Simon K Warfield, Meritxell Bach Cuadra, Ali Gholipour
Most fetal brain MRI reconstruction algorithms rely only on brain tissue-relevant voxels of low-resolution (LR) images to enhance the quality of inter-slice motion correction and image reconstruction. Consequently the fetal brain needs to be localized and extracted as a first step, which is usually a laborious and time consuming manual or semi-automatic task. We have proposed in this work to use age-matched template images as prior knowledge to automatize brain localization and extraction. This has been achieved through a novel automatic brain localization and extraction method based on robust template-to-slice block matching and deformable slice-to-template registration...
April 10, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398357/a-resource-for-assessing-information-processing-in-the-developing-brain-using-eeg-and-eye-tracking
#18
Nicolas Langer, Erica J Ho, Lindsay M Alexander, Helen Y Xu, Renee K Jozanovic, Simon Henin, Agustin Petroni, Samantha Cohen, Enitan T Marcelle, Lucas C Parra, Michael P Milham, Simon P Kelly
We present a dataset combining electrophysiology and eye tracking intended as a resource for the investigation of information processing in the developing brain. The dataset includes high-density task-based and task-free EEG, eye tracking, and cognitive and behavioral data collected from 126 individuals (ages: 6-44). The task battery spans both the simple/complex and passive/active dimensions to cover a range of approaches prevalent in modern cognitive neuroscience. The active task paradigms facilitate principled deconstruction of core components of task performance in the developing brain, whereas the passive paradigms permit the examination of intrinsic functional network activity during varying amounts of external stimulation...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393259/sequential-modulation-of-bottom-up-response-activation-and-inhibition-in-a-response-conflict-task-a-single-pulse-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-study
#19
Barbara Treccani, Giorgia Cona, Nadia Milanese, Carlo Umiltà
Many cognitive tasks involve a response conflict between the response selected on the basis of the task-relevant attribute and that primed by an irrelevant attribute. Although response priming has been extensively investigated, we still have little evidence on whether it entails both excitatory and inhibitory processes and the way in which these processes are modulated by the prior occurrence of a conflict between-response alternatives. To shed light on these issues, we tested motor cortex excitability during a two-choice compatibility task (a Simon task) by delivering single pulses of transcranial magnetic stimulation and recording the resulting motor evoked potentials (MEPs)...
April 9, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390945/intraoperative-factors-that-predict-the-successful-placement-of-essure-microinserts
#20
Chloé J Arthuis, Emmanuel G Simon, Thomas Hébert, Henri Marret
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the number of coils visualized in the uterotubal junction at the end of hysteroscopic microinsert placement predicts successful tubal occlusion. DESIGN: Cohort retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Department of obstetrics and gynecology in a teaching hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred and fifty-three women underwent tubal microinsert placement for permanent birth control from 2010 through 2014...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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