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Undescended testicle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738401/a-rare-cause-of-acute-abdomen-tumor-rupture-of-nonpalpable-testis
#1
Turan Yıldız, Zekeriya İlçe, Yasemin Gündüz, Gözde Çakar Çakırsoy
Undescended testicle is the most common congenital anomaly among males. Testicular tumor develops in 3-5% of the boys with a complaint of undescended testicle. The clinical presentation of malignant intra-abdominal testicular tumors ranges from asymptomatic cases to acute abdomen. In this study, we present a child with testicular tumor rupture which is observed very rarely. A 16-year-old boy presented 24 hours after the sudden onset of right lower quadrant pain, nausea, vomiting and fever. On physical examination, extensive tenderness in the abdomen and abdominal guarding were found...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722006/a-unique-case-of-intraabdominal-polyorchidism-a-case-study
#2
Javier Otero, Natalie Ben-Yakar, Biruk Alemayehu, Steven D Kozusko, Frank Borao, Thomas S Vates Iii
Background. Polyorchidism, alternatively supernumerary testes (SNT), is a condition where an individual is born with more than two testicles. This congenital anomaly is quite rare and the literature has described various presentations. Questions/Purposes. To our knowledge, this presentation of polyorchidism has yet to be described in the literature. The goal of this case study is to add to the pediatric, general, and urologic surgery's body of knowledge of the subject matter. Case Study. A nine-month-old boy was admitted for an impalpable right testis and phimosis...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567037/evaluation-of-postoperative-undescended-testicles-using-point-shear-wave-elastography-in-children
#3
Salih Hattapoğlu, Cemil Göya, Serkan Arslan, Bircan Alan, Faysal Ekici, Güven Tekbaş, İsmail Yıldız, Cihad Hamidi
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the difference in tissue stiffness by comparing the value of the shear wave velocity (SWV) of postoperative undescended testicles with that of normal testes. METHODS: This study included 39 patients and 30 healthy controls. US and p-SWE (VTQ) were performed using with a linear probe (4-9MHz). Forty-seven operated undescended testicles comprised "Group A", 27 testes with normal scrotal placement since birth in patient population comprised "Group B"...
December 2016: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543530/surgical-pleth-index-in-children-younger-than-24-months-of-age-a-randomized-double-blinded-trial
#4
J Harju, M-L Kalliomäki, H Leppikangas, M Kiviharju, A Yli-Hankala
BACKGROUND: The surgical pleth index (SPI) is a measurement of intraoperative nociception. Evidence of its usability in children is limited. Given that the autonomic nervous system is still developing during the first years of life, the performance of the SPI on small children cannot be concluded from studies carried out in older age groups. METHODS: Thirty children aged <2 yr, planned for elective open inguinal hernia repair or open correction of undescended testicle, were recruited...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491098/the-undescended-testicles-of-west-virginia-a-single-center-experience
#5
John Michael Dibianco, Dana Point, Chad Morley, Stanley Zaslau, Osama Al-Omar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the age of pediatric patients who underwent surgical intervention for undescended testicles (UDT) at our institution. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all pediatric patients who underwent orchiopexy and/or diagnostic laparoscopy for undescended or non-palpable testicles with our pediatric urologist from January 2013-March 2014. Patients were separated into those undergoing surgical intervention at 6-12 months, 13-24 months, 25-48 months, and >48 months of age...
July 2016: West Virginia Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421822/abdominoscrotal-hydrocele-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Alexander D Doudt, John E Kehoe, Romeo C Ignacio, Matthew S Christman
BACKGROUND: Abdominoscrotal hydrocele (ASH) is an uncommon condition characterized by a fluid-filled mass with inguinoscrotal and abdominal components. Controversy exists regarding the best management. We conducted a systematic review of the literature with special interest in presentation, management and outcomes. METHODS: A search was conducted of the MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, Ovid, Web of Science and Scopus databases. Two authors independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias in each study...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373456/bilateral-polyorchidism-with-ipsilateral-two-undescended-testes-a-rare-congenital-anomaly
#7
S Uğuz, A Gürağaç, Z Demirer, S Yilmaz, E Aydur
Polyorchidism is defined as the presence of more than two testes. This rare congenital anomaly has been reported with only 140 pathologically proven cases in the published literature to date. While triorchidism is the most common variation and generally affects the left side, bilateral polyorchidism is even rare and only seven cases of patients with four testes have been reported in the literature. There is no consensus in the literature regarding the management of supernumerary testis due to its rareness. We report such a rare case of a 20-year-old male patient, who was presented with left-sided scrotal mass and right inguinal swelling and, diagnosed as polyorchidism including four distinct testes, with two of them in left hemiscrotum and the other two testes in the right inguinal canal...
July 4, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322716/one-to-watch-a-germ-cell-tumor-arising-in-an-undescended-testicle-in-rubinstein-taybi-syndrome
#8
Grainne H Butler, Michael Boyle, Sally Ann Lynch, Stephanie Ryan, Michael McDermott, Michael Capra
A male preterm infant was born with dysmorphic features consistent with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS). An undescended right testicle was noted on examination. At 5 months of age he developed a palpable right-sided abdominal mass and an elevated alpha-fetoprotein. Histology revealed a malignant germ cell neoplasm arising within the undescended testis. This is the first reported case of a germ cell tumor occurring in a pediatric patient with RTS. Urologic abnormalities occur in approximately 52% of RTS patients, of which cryptorchidism is the commonest...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291556/-palpable-undescended-testicle-surgical-treatment-by-pre-scrotal-incision-bianchi-s-technique
#9
Adolfo Jiménez-Garrido, Moisés Mieles-Cerchar, María José Llamas-Centeno, Carlos Miguélez-Lago
OBJECTIVE: To present a retrospective, descriptive and observational study performed on a group of patients diagnosed with palpable undescended testicle (PUT) and surgically treated by pre-scrotal access, the "Bianchi technique". METHODS: The sample consists of a group of patients from 6 to 168 months old, diagnosed with palpable undescended testicle and treated by orchidopexy through pre-scrotal access Bianchi type (4), from January 2008 to June 2015 by the Pediatric Urology Equipment of Malaga, where the authors belong...
June 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284433/giant-seminoma-in-an-undescended-testicle-metastasizing-to-the-neck-and-liver
#10
Kai-Min Guo, Yang Liu, Yan-Ping Zhong, Hong-Liang Wang
Germ cell tumors account for 98% of all testicular malignancies. Delays in seeking treatment are unfortunately common and may lead to metastatic spread. The present study reported a case of a 24-year-old man with a giant 12×10 cm left inguinal mass and a left neck mass that had grown rapidly during recent months. Computed tomography confirmed that the mass measured 12.1×9.4 cm and was a left undescended testicle malignancy, and also revealed widespread metastasis to the liver and a large retroperitoneal mass (12...
June 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247554/hepatic-splenosis-mimicking-liver-metastases-in-a-patient-with-history-of-childhood-immature-teratoma
#11
Sara Jereb, Blaz Trotovsek, Breda Skrbinc
BACKGROUND: Hepatic splenosis is rare condition, preceded by splenectomy or spleen trauma, the term refers to nodular implantation of normal splenic tissue in the liver. In patients with history of malignancy in particular, it can be mistaken for metastases and can lead to unnecessary diagnostic procedures or inappropriate treatment. CASE REPORT: Twenty-two-year old male was treated for immature teratoma linked to undescended right testicle after birth. On regular follow-up examinations no signs of disease relapse or long-term consequences were observed...
June 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158583/current-management-of-undescended-testes
#12
David Kurz
Undescended testes (UDTs) are a relatively common finding in newborn males, especially in those born prematurely. Upon discovering a non-intrascrotal testis, it is important to determine whether the testis is palpable or non-palpable and whether the finding is unilateral or bilateral. Imaging should not be used in this workup, as no current modality has been shown to be adequately sensitive or specific to aid in management decisions. Patients with UDTs diagnosed after 6 months of age should be referred to a specialist for correction so that surgery may be performed within 1 year thereafter...
March 2016: Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053253/pig-surgery-cryptorchidectomy-using-an-inguinal-approach
#13
A Scollo, P Martelli, E Borri, C Mazzoni
The objective of the study was to determine whether a less-invasive surgical technique used in cryptorchid horses, dogs and cats can be used successfully to remove retained testicles in pigs on farm. In total, 284 monolateral cryptorchid pigs underwent surgery on-farm condition, during which an incision was made over the inguinal ring and the undescended testicle was located for removal via identification of the vaginal process and the embryonic gubernaculum. A traction of these structures allowed the testis to pass through the deep and the superficial rings up to its exteriorisation outside the abdominal wall through the inguinal canal...
June 11, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997294/-a-woman-with-a-pure-seminoma-and-a-contralateral-intratubular-germinal-neoplasm-a-case-report
#14
Ángel Herrera-Gómez, Leticia García-Pérez, Leny Gallardo-Alvarado, David Isla-Ortiz, Rosa A Salcedo-Hernández, José Chanona-Vilchis
BACKGROUND: Androgen insensitivity syndrome is an X-linked disorder, and is characterised by a female phenotype in a chromosomally male individual. It usually occurs in puberty with primary amenorrhoea or as an inguinal tumour in a female infant. In recent years, it is often also diagnosed in fertility clinics in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: The case is presented of a pure seminoma in a woman with the reference diagnosis of inguinal hernia. CLINICAL CASE: A 53 year old woman, who was operated on in 2014 due to a nodule in left groin...
March 17, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26896964/understanding-parental-refusal-of-permission-for-child-participation-in-surgical-prospective-trials
#15
Katherine W Gonzalez, Obinna O Adibe, Brian G Dalton, Amita A Desai, Susan W Sharp, Shawn D St Peter
PURPOSE: The success of prospective randomized trials relies on voluntary participation, which has been perceived as a barrier for successful trials in children who rely on parental permission. We sought to identify the reasons parents decline child participation to understand potential limitations in the consent process. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in 92 patients asked to participate in prospective randomized trials between 2012 and 2015...
May 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26793513/a-case-report-triorchidism-is-a-rare-mistaken-cause-for-extra-testicular-neoplasm
#16
Ahmed H Abduljabbar
Polyorchidism is a rare congenital anomaly of the male genitalia which refers to present an extra testicle; triorchidism is the commonest type. This report describes a case of 25-year-old male presented with testicular swelling and palpable scrotal mass, diagnosed as supernumerary testicle and tubular ectasia of the rete testis. The most common clinical presentation of triorchidism is painless swelling. Associated inguinal hernia or undescended testis is not uncommon findings. Treatment options will vary according to the type, size, number, anatomical location and vasculature...
May 2015: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26692683/intra-abdominal-seminoma-found-incidentally-during-trauma-workup-in-a-man-with-bilateral-cryptorchidism
#17
Danielle Velez, Philip Zhao, Tina Mayer, Eric Singer
Bilateral cryptorchidism is a rare occurrence and seminoma is the most common germ cell tumor found in undescended testes when they occur. We present the case of a patient with bilateral cryptorchidism who presented to our trauma center after a motor vehicle collision and was found incidentally to have a 17-cm intra-abdominal mass. The mass was subsequently biopsied and proven to be seminoma. The patient completed three cycles of bleomycin/etoposide/cisplatin chemotherapy and successfully underwent a postchemo retroperitoneal lymph node dissection with no viable residual tumor or positive lymph nodes found in the surgical specimen...
October 2015: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26605210/comparative-investigation-of-two-surgical-techniques-of-orchiopexy-in-the-post-operative-recurrence-rate-and-testicular-size-in-children-in-clinical-trial-study
#18
Mehrdad Hoseinpour, Mehrdad Memarzadeh, Azadeh Sadeqi
BACKGROUND: Cryptorchidism is a common problem which is prevalent in 3% of male infants. This study aimed to determine the effect of both trans fixation and Dartos pouch fixation methods on the postoperative recurrence rate and testicular changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a clinical trial study, 70 children were randomly divided into two groups. In the first group, the correction of cryptorchidism was done by Dartos pouch without suture and in the second group; testis was sutured using common trans fixation...
2015: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26423204/prenatal-ultrasonographic-features-of-mature-cystic-teratoma-in-undescended-testicle
#19
A Youssef, G Salsi, A Curti, F Bellussi, N A Elbarbary, F Locatelli, M Lima, G Pilu, N Rizzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26279100/testicular-hypertrophy-as-a-predictor-for-contralateral-monorchism-retrospective-review-of-prospectively-recorded-data
#20
A Hodhod, J P Capolicchio, R Jednak, M El-Sherbiny
OBJECTIVES: Testicular hypertrophy has previously been evaluated as a predictor of monorchism. However, its implication in clinical practice is not well evaluated. The aim of the present study was to examine its value in planning the operative time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical charts of prospectively recorded data of 76 consecutive patients with unilateral impalpable testis from 2011 to 2014 were reviewed at the present institute. Inclusion criteria included prepubertal patients with non-palpable testes by examination under anesthesia...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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