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Undescended testicle

K A Alghamdi, A B Alsaedi, A Aljasser, A Altawil, Naglaa M Kamal
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the GLI-similar 3 (GLIS3) gene encoding the transcription factor GLIS3 are a rare cause of neonatal diabetes and congenital hypothyroidism with 12 reported patients to date. Additional features, previously described, include congenital glaucoma, hepatic fibrosis, polycystic kidneys, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism, osteopenia, sensorineural deafness, choanal atresia, craniosynostosis and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a new case for consanguineous parents with homozygous novel mutation in GLIS3 gene who presented with neonatal diabetes mellitus, severe resistant congenital hypothyroidism, cholestatic liver disease, bilateral congenital glaucoma and facial dysmorphism...
March 2, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Eyal Klang, Nadin Kanaan, Michalle Soudack, Yeruham Kleinbaum, Zehava Heiman, Steve Raskin, Marianne Michal Amitai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the computed tomography imaging features of a torsed inguinal testis with nontorsed inguinal testes. METHODS: Computed tomography scans of patients with undescended testes were retrospectively collected (2011-2016). Imaging features of nontorsed undescended testis were compared with a case of an inguinal torsed testis. Observations included location of the undescended testis, size (length × width) and texture of each testis, peritesticular findings, position of testicular vessels, and enhancement patterns...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Abdullah Al-Faris, Mosleh Jabari, Mohammed Al-Sayed, Hassan Al-Shehri
Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare, sex-limited, autosomal recessive disorder representing male pseudo-hermaphroditism. It is observed in males with the presence of female reproductive organs such as the uterus, cervix, and bilateral fallopian tubes along with normally developed male reproductive organs. It generally occurs during embryogenesis due to mutation in anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) gene, i.e., AMH gene or AMH receptor (AMHR2) gene. The present case reports a male infant with inflammation in the right groin who was admitted to Security Forces Hospital in 2015...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
Ayse Kalyoncu Ucar, Deniz Alis, Cesur Samanci, Mine Aslan, Hatice Arioz Habibi, Atilla Suleyman Dikici, Yesim Namdar, Mehmet Hamza Gultekin, Bulent Onal, Ibrahim Adaletli
OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare unilateral palpable undescended testes and contralateral descended testes using shear wave elastography (SWE) to show potential quantitative differences in elasticity patterns, which might reflect the histologic features. METHODS: Approval for this prospective study was obtained from the local ethics committee. A total of 29 patients (mean age, 7.52 years; range, 1-18 years) with unilateral palpable undescended testes and contralateral descended testes were examined by greyscale ultrasonography and SWE between February 2015 and April 2016...
January 2017: European Journal of Radiology
Barbora Frybova, Alena Kokesova, Daniela Zemkova, Vladimir Mixa, Radovan Vlk, Michal Rygl
AIM: To evaluate long-term quality of life and somatic growth of patients with gastroschisis and compare them with the general population. METHODS: We performed a questionnaire survey of the quality of life of our patients treated between 2004-2012. RESULTS: A questionnaire was sent to our 56 patients with gastroschisis, 38 mothers of patients (68%) responded to the questionnaire. 33 of 38 mothers claim that the quality of life of their child is very good, 4 of them responded that it is good...
December 13, 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Turan Yıldız, Zekeriya İlçe, Yasemin Gündüz, Gözde Çakar Çakırsoy
Undescended testicle is the most common congenital anomaly among males. Testicular tumor develops in 3-5% of the boys with a complaint of undescended testicle. The clinical presentation of malignant intra-abdominal testicular tumors ranges from asymptomatic cases to acute abdomen. In this study, we present a child with testicular tumor rupture which is observed very rarely. A 16-year-old boy presented 24 hours after the sudden onset of right lower quadrant pain, nausea, vomiting and fever. On physical examination, extensive tenderness in the abdomen and abdominal guarding were found...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Javier Otero, Natalie Ben-Yakar, Biruk Alemayehu, Steven D Kozusko, Frank Borao, Thomas S Vates Iii
Background. Polyorchidism, alternatively supernumerary testes (SNT), is a condition where an individual is born with more than two testicles. This congenital anomaly is quite rare and the literature has described various presentations. Questions/Purposes. To our knowledge, this presentation of polyorchidism has yet to be described in the literature. The goal of this case study is to add to the pediatric, general, and urologic surgery's body of knowledge of the subject matter. Case Study. A nine-month-old boy was admitted for an impalpable right testis and phimosis...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
Salih Hattapoğlu, Cemil Göya, Serkan Arslan, Bircan Alan, Faysal Ekici, Güven Tekbaş, İsmail Yıldız, Cihad Hamidi
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the difference in tissue stiffness by comparing the value of the shear wave velocity (SWV) of postoperative undescended testicles with that of normal testes. METHODS: This study included 39 patients and 30 healthy controls. US and p-SWE (VTQ) were performed using with a linear probe (4-9MHz). Forty-seven operated undescended testicles comprised "Group A", 27 testes with normal scrotal placement since birth in patient population comprised "Group B"...
December 2016: Ultrasonics
J Harju, M-L Kalliomäki, H Leppikangas, M Kiviharju, A Yli-Hankala
BACKGROUND: The surgical pleth index (SPI) is a measurement of intraoperative nociception. Evidence of its usability in children is limited. Given that the autonomic nervous system is still developing during the first years of life, the performance of the SPI on small children cannot be concluded from studies carried out in older age groups. METHODS: Thirty children aged <2 yr, planned for elective open inguinal hernia repair or open correction of undescended testicle, were recruited...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
John Michael Dibianco, Dana Point, Chad Morley, Stanley Zaslau, Osama Al-Omar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the age of pediatric patients who underwent surgical intervention for undescended testicles (UDT) at our institution. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all pediatric patients who underwent orchiopexy and/or diagnostic laparoscopy for undescended or non-palpable testicles with our pediatric urologist from January 2013-March 2014. Patients were separated into those undergoing surgical intervention at 6-12 months, 13-24 months, 25-48 months, and >48 months of age...
July 2016: West Virginia Medical Journal
Alexander D Doudt, John E Kehoe, Romeo C Ignacio, Matthew S Christman
BACKGROUND: Abdominoscrotal hydrocele (ASH) is an uncommon condition characterized by a fluid-filled mass with inguinoscrotal and abdominal components. Controversy exists regarding the best management. We conducted a systematic review of the literature with special interest in presentation, management and outcomes. METHODS: A search was conducted of the MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, Ovid, Web of Science and Scopus databases. Two authors independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias in each study...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
S Uğuz, A Gürağaç, Z Demirer, S Yilmaz, E Aydur
Polyorchidism is defined as the presence of more than two testes. This rare congenital anomaly has been reported with only 140 pathologically proven cases in the published literature to date. While triorchidism is the most common variation and generally affects the left side, bilateral polyorchidism is even rare and only seven cases of patients with four testes have been reported in the literature. There is no consensus in the literature regarding the management of supernumerary testis due to its rareness. We report such a rare case of a 20-year-old male patient, who was presented with left-sided scrotal mass and right inguinal swelling and, diagnosed as polyorchidism including four distinct testes, with two of them in left hemiscrotum and the other two testes in the right inguinal canal...
July 4, 2016: Andrologia
Grainne H Butler, Michael Boyle, Sally Ann Lynch, Stephanie Ryan, Michael McDermott, Michael Capra
A male preterm infant was born with dysmorphic features consistent with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS). An undescended right testicle was noted on examination. At 5 months of age he developed a palpable right-sided abdominal mass and an elevated alpha-fetoprotein. Histology revealed a malignant germ cell neoplasm arising within the undescended testis. This is the first reported case of a germ cell tumor occurring in a pediatric patient with RTS. Urologic abnormalities occur in approximately 52% of RTS patients, of which cryptorchidism is the commonest...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Adolfo Jiménez-Garrido, Moisés Mieles-Cerchar, María José Llamas-Centeno, Carlos Miguélez-Lago
OBJECTIVE: To present a retrospective, descriptive and observational study performed on a group of patients diagnosed with palpable undescended testicle (PUT) and surgically treated by pre-scrotal access, the "Bianchi technique". METHODS: The sample consists of a group of patients from 6 to 168 months old, diagnosed with palpable undescended testicle and treated by orchidopexy through pre-scrotal access Bianchi type (4), from January 2008 to June 2015 by the Pediatric Urology Equipment of Malaga, where the authors belong...
June 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Kai-Min Guo, Yang Liu, Yan-Ping Zhong, Hong-Liang Wang
Germ cell tumors account for 98% of all testicular malignancies. Delays in seeking treatment are unfortunately common and may lead to metastatic spread. The present study reported a case of a 24-year-old man with a giant 12×10 cm left inguinal mass and a left neck mass that had grown rapidly during recent months. Computed tomography confirmed that the mass measured 12.1×9.4 cm and was a left undescended testicle malignancy, and also revealed widespread metastasis to the liver and a large retroperitoneal mass (12...
June 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Sara Jereb, Blaz Trotovsek, Breda Skrbinc
BACKGROUND: Hepatic splenosis is rare condition, preceded by splenectomy or spleen trauma, the term refers to nodular implantation of normal splenic tissue in the liver. In patients with history of malignancy in particular, it can be mistaken for metastases and can lead to unnecessary diagnostic procedures or inappropriate treatment. CASE REPORT: Twenty-two-year old male was treated for immature teratoma linked to undescended right testicle after birth. On regular follow-up examinations no signs of disease relapse or long-term consequences were observed...
June 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
David Kurz
Undescended testes (UDTs) are a relatively common finding in newborn males, especially in those born prematurely. Upon discovering a non-intrascrotal testis, it is important to determine whether the testis is palpable or non-palpable and whether the finding is unilateral or bilateral. Imaging should not be used in this workup, as no current modality has been shown to be adequately sensitive or specific to aid in management decisions. Patients with UDTs diagnosed after 6 months of age should be referred to a specialist for correction so that surgery may be performed within 1 year thereafter...
March 2016: Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics
A Scollo, P Martelli, E Borri, C Mazzoni
The objective of the study was to determine whether a less-invasive surgical technique used in cryptorchid horses, dogs and cats can be used successfully to remove retained testicles in pigs on farm. In total, 284 monolateral cryptorchid pigs underwent surgery on-farm condition, during which an incision was made over the inguinal ring and the undescended testicle was located for removal via identification of the vaginal process and the embryonic gubernaculum. A traction of these structures allowed the testis to pass through the deep and the superficial rings up to its exteriorisation outside the abdominal wall through the inguinal canal...
June 11, 2016: Veterinary Record
Ángel Herrera-Gómez, Leticia García-Pérez, Leny Gallardo-Alvarado, David Isla-Ortiz, Rosa A Salcedo-Hernández, José Chanona-Vilchis
BACKGROUND: Androgen insensitivity syndrome is an X-linked disorder, and is characterised by a female phenotype in a chromosomally male individual. It usually occurs in puberty with primary amenorrhoea or as an inguinal tumour in a female infant. In recent years, it is often also diagnosed in fertility clinics in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: The case is presented of a pure seminoma in a woman with the reference diagnosis of inguinal hernia. CLINICAL CASE: A 53 year old woman, who was operated on in 2014 due to a nodule in left groin...
March 17, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Katherine W Gonzalez, Obinna O Adibe, Brian G Dalton, Amita A Desai, Susan W Sharp, Shawn D St Peter
PURPOSE: The success of prospective randomized trials relies on voluntary participation, which has been perceived as a barrier for successful trials in children who rely on parental permission. We sought to identify the reasons parents decline child participation to understand potential limitations in the consent process. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in 92 patients asked to participate in prospective randomized trials between 2012 and 2015...
May 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
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