keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Attention conflict

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150684/global-and-regional-effects-of-bladder-cancer-risk-associated-with-pioglitazone-therapy-in-patients-with-diabetes
#1
Hua Qu, Yi Zheng, Yuren Wang, Rui Zhang, Xiongzhong Ruan, Gangyi Yang, Zhenqi Liu, Hongting Zheng
It has been debated for several years as to whether the antidiabetic drug pioglitazone increases the risk for bladder cancer. A series of recent large population studies yielded conflicting results. To investigate why the observational studies yielded conflicting results, we conducted stratified analyses to analyze the potential confounders behind these discordant outcomes. A total of 2,764,731 participants from observational (OB) studies and 9,999 from randomized control trials (RCTs) were identified for these analyses...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136556/industry-interests-in-gambling-research-lessons-learned-from-other-forms-of-hazardous-consumption
#2
S Cowlishaw, S L Thomas
Research indicates that the evidential bases for many harm reduction policies targeting hazardous consumptions (including tobacco, alcohol and gambling) have been distorted by commercial industries that derive revenue from such commodities. These distortions are best illustrated by research on tobacco and alcohol, which indicates similar tactics used by industries to determine favourable policy environments through engineering of evidence, among other approaches. Although there is concern that gambling research is similarly vulnerable to commercial interests, the relevant literature lags far behind other fields and the aim of this paper is to increase familiarity with tactics used by industries for influencing research...
November 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132875/aspirin-use-and-endometrial-cancer-risk-and-survival
#3
REVIEW
Tsuyoshi Takiuchi, Erin A Blake, Koji Matsuo, Anil K Sood, Theodore M Brasky
The role of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) as a chemo-preventive and adjuvant therapeutic agent for cancers is generating attention. Mounting evidence indicates that aspirin reduces the incidence and mortality of certain obesity-related cancers, particularly colorectal cancer. In endometrial cancer, previous studies examining the effect of aspirin remain inconsistent as to the reduction in the risk of endometrial cancer. While some evidence indicates protective effects in obese women, other studies have showed a potential deleterious effect of these medications on endometrial cancer outcomes...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127671/the-frequency-of-reporting-ethical-issues-in-human-subject-articles-published-in-iranian-medical-journals-2009-2013
#4
Behrooz Astaneh, Parisa Khani
Researchers should strictly consider the participants' rights. They are required to document such protections as an ethical approval of the study proposal, the obtaining "informed consent", the authors' "conflict of interests", and the source of "financial support" in the published articles. The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of reporting ethical issues in human subject articles published in Iranian medical journals during 2009-2013. In this cross-sectional study, we randomly reviewed 1460 human subject articles published in Iranian medical journals during 2009-2013 in two Persian and English language groups...
November 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125934/bringing-urban-governance-back-in-neighborhood-conflicts-and-depression
#5
Qiang Fu
Urban governance and its impact on contentious politics have received remarkably little attention in existing studies on mental health. Drawing on a measure of neighborhood conflicts developed in a survey of thirty-nine urban neighborhoods in Guangzhou, China, this article investigates the potential link between urban governance and mental health. Net of sociodemographic, relational, and environmental measures, it finds that among residents' conflicts with different entities of urban governance, only those with local/grassroots governments are significantly associated with more depressive symptoms...
November 7, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122078/the-role-of-regulatory-t-cells-in-the-regulation-of-upper-airway-inflammation
#6
Charlie Palmer, Jennifer K Mulligan, Sarah E Smith, Carl Atkinson
Allergic rhinitis (AR) and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) are inflammatory diseases of the upper airway, with a similar immunologic profile, characterized by aberrant and persistent type 2 inflammation. One cell population that has been identified as altered in both disease types is regulatory T cell (Treg). Tregs have the capacity to modulate T-effector function and suppress inflammatory cytokine production in a broad range of cell types. Given the ability of Tregs to control inflammation, the role of Tregs in respiratory diseases has attracted much attention...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120291/how-they-see-it-young-women-s-views-on-early-marriage-in-a-post-conflict-setting
#7
Sonya Em Knox
Current understandings of early marriage in conflict and post-conflict settings are incomplete and under-researched, and do not sufficiently take into consideration the views and experiences of adolescent girls. While much of the literature, development reports and mainstream media emphasise the poverty, health risks and lack of agency of young women married early, they seldom provide these teenagers an open platform from which to speak. In 2007, a Palestinian refugee camp in North Lebanon was destroyed and its residents forced to flee...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115181/it-s-not-me-it-s-you-differential-neural-processing-of-social-and-non-social-nogo-cues-in-joint-action
#8
Jutta Peterburs, Roman Liepelt, Rolf Voegler, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Thomas Straube
This EEG study used a joint flanker task to investigate differences in processing of social and non-social nogo cues, i.e., between cues indicating that a co-actor should respond and cues signaling that neither actor nor co-actor should respond, using event-related potentials (ERPs) and trial-to-trial response time (RT) effects. It was hypothesized that a social co-actor's response should be reflected in stronger modulation (slower RTs on subsequent trials; augmented neural responses) for social compared to non-social nogo...
November 8, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110738/what-can-we-learn-from-simulation-based-training-to-improve-skills-for-end-of-life-care-insights-from-a-national-project-in-israel
#9
Mayer Brezis, Yael Lahat, Meir Frankel, Alan Rubinov, Davina Bohm, Matan J Cohen, Meni Koslowsky, Orit Shalomson, Charles L Sprung, Henia Perry-Mezare, Rina Yahalom, Amitai Ziv
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based training improves residents' skills for end-of-life (EOL) care. In the field, staff providers play a significant role in handling those situations and in shaping practice by role modeling. We initiated an educational intervention to train healthcare providers for improved communication skills at EOL using simulation of sensitive encounters with patients and families. METHODS: Hospital physicians and nurses (n = 1324) attended simulation-based workshops (n = 100) in a national project to improve EOL care...
November 6, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110210/unmasking-the-component-general-and-component-specific-aspects-of-primary-and-secondary-memory-in-the-immediate-free-recall-task
#10
Bradley S Gibson, Dawn M Gondoli
The immediate free recall (IFR) task has been commonly used to estimate the capacities of the primary memory (PM) and secondary memory (SM) components of working memory (WM). Using this method, the correlation between estimates of the PM and SM components has hovered around zero, suggesting that PM and SM represent fully distinct and dissociable components of WM. However, this conclusion has conflicted with more recent studies that have observed moderately strong, positive correlations between PM and SM when separate attention and retrieval tasks are used to estimate these capacities, suggesting that PM and SM represent at least some related capacities...
November 6, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110024/parenting-style-and-mental-disorders-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#11
John David Eun, Diana Paksarian, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
PURPOSE: We examined associations between parenting style and past-year mental disorders in a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of US adolescents and whether the associations differed by adolescent demographic characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 6483 adolescents aged 13-18 years who were interviewed for a full range of DSM-IV mental disorders. Parenting style was assessed by adolescent-reported maternal and paternal care and control using items from the Parental Bonding Instrument...
November 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107773/midfrontal-theta-and-pupil-dilation-parametrically-track-subjective-conflict-but-also-surprise-during-intertemporal-choice
#12
Hause Lin, Blair Saunders, Cendri A Hutcherson, Michael Inzlicht
Many everyday choices are based on personal, subjective preferences. When choosing between two options, we often feel conflicted, especially when trading off costs and benefits occurring at different times (e.g., saving for later versus spending now). Although previous work has investigated the neurophysiological basis of conflict during inhibitory control tasks, less is known about subjective conflict resulting from competing subjective preferences. In this pre-registered study, we investigated subjective conflict during intertemporal choice, whereby participants chose between smaller immediate versus larger delayed rewards (e...
October 28, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107528/understanding-family-caregiver-communication-to-provide-family-centered-cancer-care
#13
REVIEW
Elaine Wittenberg, Haley Buller, Betty Ferrell, Marianna Koczywas, Tami Borneman
OBJECTIVES: To describe a family caregiver communication typology and demonstrate identifiable communication challenges among four caregiver types: Manager, Carrier, Partner, and Lone. DATA SOURCES: Case studies based on interviews with oncology family caregivers. CONCLUSION: Each caregiver type demonstrates unique communication challenges that can be identified. Recognition of a specific caregiver type will help nurses to adapt their own communication to provide tailored support...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099239/physician-approaches-to-conflict-with-families-surrounding-end-of-life-decision-making-in-the-icu-a-qualitative-study
#14
Hashim M Mehter, Jessica B McCannon, Jack A Clark, Renda Soylemez Wiener
RATIONALE: Families of critically ill patients are often asked to make difficult decisions to pursue, withhold or withdraw aggressive care or resuscitative measures, exercising "substituted judgment" from the imagined standpoint of the patient. Conflict may arise between intensive care unit (ICU) physicians and family members regarding the optimal course of care. OBJECTIVES: To characterize how ICU physicians approach and manage conflict with surrogates regarding end-of-life decision-making...
November 3, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097755/lasting-deficit-in-inhibitory-control-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Benjamin Xu, Marco Sandrini, Sarah Levy, Rita Volochayev, Oluwole Awosika, John A Butman, Dzung L Pham, Leonardo G Cohen
Being able to focus on a complex task and inhibit unwanted actions or interfering information (i.e., inhibitory control) are essential human cognitive abilities. However, it remains unknown the extent to which mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may impact these critical functions. In this study, seventeen patients and age-matched healthy controls (HC) performed a variant of the Stroop task and attention-demanding 4-choice response tasks (4CRT) with identical stimuli but two contexts: one required only routine responses and the other with occasional response conflicts...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095699/effects-of-classical-background-music-on-stress-anxiety-and-knowledge-of-filipino-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#16
Kevin Evangelista, Romeo Luis A Macabasag, Brylle Capili, Timothy Castro, Marilee Danque, Hanzel Evangelista, Jenica Ana Rivero, Michell Katrina Gonong, Michael Joseph Diño, Sharon Cajayon
Previous work on the use of background music suggests conflicting results in various psychological, behavioral, and educational measures. This quasi-experiment examined the effect of integrating classical background music during a lecture on stress, anxiety, and knowledge. A total of 42 nursing students participated this study. We utilized independent sample t-test and multivariate analysis of variance to examine the effect of classical background music. Our findings suggest that the presence or absence of classical background music do not affect stress, anxiety, and knowledge scores (Λ = 0...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083205/coparenting-relationship-trajectories-marital-violence-linked-to-change-and-variability-after-separation
#17
Jennifer L Hardesty, Brian G Ogolsky, Marcela Raffaelli, Angela Whittaker, Kimberly A Crossman, Megan L Haselschwerdt, Elissa Thomann Mitchell, Lyndal Khaw
Associations between marital intimate partner violence (IPV) and postseparation coparenting relationship trajectories were examined among 135 mothers who participated in 5 interviews at 3-month intervals in the year following their divorce filing. Growth curve analysis was conducted to assess change and variability in coparenting dimensions (i.e., conflict, support, communication about child rearing, and harassment) in the overall sample and by type of IPV. In the overall sample, coparenting conflict, communication about child rearing, and harassment decreased across the year following separation...
October 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079198/the-internist-as-clinical-ethics-consultant-an-antidote-to-the-barbarism-of-specialisation-in-hospital-practice
#18
D Real de Asúa, P Rodriguez Del Pozo, J J Fins
The development of hospital clinical ethics in Spain depends almost exclusively on the healthcare ethics committees, which have been criticized for a lack of proximity to the patient's bedside in day-to-day ethical conflicts and for their scarce practical operation, reflected in the low number of consultations they receive. In this study, we reflect on the need to change the current healthcare model in clinical ethics so as to reactivate it and call attention to the essential role of internists as the engine for this change...
October 25, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079094/a-regional-strategy-for-ecological-sustainability-a-case-study-in-southwest-china
#19
Xue Wu, Shiliang Liu, Fangyan Cheng, Xiaoyun Hou, Yueqiu Zhang, Shikui Dong, Guohua Liu
Partitioning, a method considering environmental protection and development potential, is an effective way to provide regional management strategies to maintain ecological sustainability. In this study, we provide a large-scale regional division approach and present a strategy for Southwest China, which also has extremely high development potential because of the "Western development" policy. Based on the superposition of 15 factors, including species diversity, pattern restriction, agricultural potential, accessibility, urbanization potential, and topographical limitations, the environmental value and development benefit in the region were quantified spatially by weighting the sum of indicators within environmental and development categories...
October 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077767/expectancy-after-the-first-treatment-and-response-to-acupuncture-for-menopausal-hot-flashes
#20
Carolyn C Ee, Sharmala Thuraisingam, Marie V Pirotta, Simon D French, Charlie C Xue, Helena J Teede
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the impact of expectancy on acupuncture treatment response is conflicting. OBJECTIVES: This secondary analysis of a randomized sham-controlled trial on acupuncture for menopausal hot flashes investigated whether treatment expectancy score was associated with hot flash score at end-of-treatment. Secondary analyses investigated whether there were associations between other pre-specified factors and hot flash score. STUDY DESIGN: Women experiencing moderately-severe hot flashes were randomized to receive 10 sessions of real or sham acupuncture over eight weeks...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
72260
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"