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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527091/raven-coloured-progressive-matrices-in-migraine-without-aura-patients
#1
Giovanna Viticchi, Lorenzo Falsetti, Marco Bartolini, Laura Buratti, Lara Pistelli, Leandro Provinciali, Mauro Silvestrini
Conflicting results emerged from studies investigating cognitive performances in migraine patients. Based on clinical and neuroradiological aspects, the possible involvement of executive functions has been especially taken into consideration. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a population of subjects affected by migraine without aura (MwoA), frontal lobe cognitive functions. We enrolled all the consecutive patients affected by MwoA referred to our headache centre for a first evaluation. Each patient underwent a neuropsychological evaluation including Raven coloured progressive matrices (CPM)...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526585/impaired-response-selection-during-stepping-predicts-falls-in-older-people-a-cohort-study
#2
Daniel Schoene, Kim Delbaere, Stephen R Lord
BACKGROUND: Response inhibition, an important executive function, has been identified as a risk factor for falls in older people. This study investigated whether step tests that include different levels of response inhibition differ in their ability to predict falls and whether such associations are mediated by measures of attention, speed, and/or balance. METHODS: A cohort study with a 12-month follow-up was conducted in community-dwelling older people without major cognitive and mobility impairments...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523673/the-function-of-language-in-parent-infant-psychotherapy
#3
Björn Salomonsson
Parent-infant psychotherapy, a rather new field in psychoanalysis, raises questions of how to conceptualize the clinical process. Previous publications have used semiotic concepts to account for the therapist's non-verbal communication and investigated the countertransference, including what the baby might grasp of its variations. The present paper focuses on another argument for using verbal interventions to a baby in therapy; they present him with a symbolic order that differs from that of the parent. The qualitative difference between the parent's and the analyst's address is conceptualized by Dolto's term parler vrai...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516464/the-blood-donation-ambivalence-survey-measuring-conflicting-attitudes-about-giving-blood
#4
K R Fox, L K Himawan, C R France
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to develop and conduct initial validation testing for a novel measure of ambivalence about donating blood. BACKGROUND: Previous studies of living organ, bone marrow and stem cell donors have identified donation-related ambivalence as a predictor of decisions about donation and post-donation outcomes. Ambivalence about blood donation has not received the same attention. METHODS: In Study 1, a sample of young adults (N = 396) were administered test items of ambivalence, and exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were performed to identify the Blood Donation Ambivalence Survey...
May 18, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513530/an-analysis-of-child-deaths-by-suicide-in-queensland-australia-2004-2012-what-are-we-missing-from-a-preventative-health-services-perspective
#5
Florin Oprescu, Bridie Scott-Parker, Jeanne Dayton
BACKGROUND: This article analyses case descriptions of child suicides from 2004 to 2012 toinform future policy and practice. METHODS: Quantitative data and case descriptions for 159 child suicides (under 18 years) in Queensland, Australia, were analysed quantitatively using SPSS and qualitatively using automated content analyzis (Leximancer). RESULTS: More than three quarters of child suicides involved hanging and 81% of suicides occurred in the family home...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511485/spiritual-well-being-and-associated-factors-with-relapse-in-opioid-addicts
#6
Mohammad-Reza Noormohammadi, Masoud Nikfarjam, Fatemeh Deris, Neda Parvin
INTRODUCTION: Opioid dependence relapse is a complex and multidimensional problem, and lack of spiritual well-being is a major concern in opioid addicts. AIM: This study was conducted to determine spiritual well-being and factors associated with relapse among opioid addicts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2015 to September 2015. According to purposive sampling, 312 eligible addicted patients were enrolled in the study...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509343/the-influence-of-vascular-risk-factors-on-cognitive-function-in-early-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Maxime Doiron, Mélanie Langlois, Nicolas Dupré, Martine Simard
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and obesity are well-established risk factors for cognitive impairment and dementia in older adults. In contrast, previous studies that have assessed the impact of vascular risk factors (VRFs) on cognition in Parkinson's disease (PD) have had methodological limitations and reported conflicting findings. We address this question in a large well-characterized cohort of de novo PD patients. METHODS: A total of 367 untreated and non-demented patients aged 50 years and older with early PD (H&Y = 1...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508537/superorganismality-and-caste-differentiation-as-points-of-no-return-how-the-major-evolutionary-transitions-were-lost-in-translation
#8
Jacobus J Boomsma, Richard Gawne
More than a century ago, William Morton Wheeler proposed that social insect colonies can be regarded as superorganisms when they have morphologically differentiated reproductive and nursing castes that are analogous to the metazoan germ-line and soma. Following the rise of sociobiology in the 1970s, Wheeler's insights were largely neglected, and we were left with multiple new superorganism concepts that are mutually inconsistent and uninformative on how superorganismality originated. These difficulties can be traced to the broadened sociobiological concept of eusociality, which denies that physical queen-worker caste differentiation is a universal hallmark of superorganismal colonies...
May 15, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505262/the-basal-ganglia-striosomes-affect-the-modulation-of-conflicts-by-subliminal-information-evidence-from-x-linked-dystonia-parkinsonism
#9
Christian Beste, Moritz Mückschel, Raymond Rosales, Aloysius Domingo, Lillian Lee, Arlene Ng, Christine Klein, Alexander Münchau
Cognitive control is relevant when distracting information induces behavioral conflicts. Such conflicts can be produced consciously and by subliminally processed information. Interestingly, both sources of conflict interact suggesting that they share neural mechanisms. Here, we ask whether conjoint effects between different sources of conflict are modulated by microstructural basal ganglia dysfunction. To this end, we carried out an electroencephalography study and examined event-related potentials (ERPs) including source localization using a combined flanker-subliminal priming task in patients with X-linked dystonia Parkinsonism (XDP) and a group of healthy controls...
May 13, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501539/spatiotemporal-oscillatory-dynamics-of-visual-selective-attention-during-a-flanker-task
#10
Timothy J McDermott, Alex I Wiesman, Amy L Proskovec, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Tony W Wilson
The flanker task is a test of visual selective attention that has been widely used to probe error monitoring, response conflict, and related constructs. However, to date, few studies have focused on the selective attention component of this task and imaged the underlying oscillatory dynamics serving task performance. In this study, 21 healthy adults successfully completed an arrow-based version of the Eriksen flanker task during magnetoencephalography (MEG). All MEG data were pre-processed and transformed into the time-frequency domain...
May 10, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495241/the-natural-course-of-prevertebral-soft-tissue-swelling-after-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-how-long-will-it-last
#11
Seok Woo Kim, Chulyoung Jang, Myung Ho Yang, Seonjong Lee, Je Hyun Yoo, Yoon Hae Kwak, Ji Hyo Hwang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Prevertebral soft tissue swelling (PSTS) after anterior cervical spine surgery (ACSS) has been regarded as one of the critical complications that cause airway obstruction. Still, however, no research has dealt with how PSTS returns to pre-surgery status after ACSS; most recommendations are being performed without information about its natural course, focusing on acute-phase swelling after surgery. PURPOSE: To examine how long post-surgery PSTS lasts and when it returns to its pre-surgery state; to analyze the actual influence of a number of factors to observe the natural progress of post-surgery PSTS...
May 8, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494775/gender-blind-an-analysis-of-global-public-private-partnerships-for-health
#12
Sarah Hawkes, Kent Buse, Anuj Kapilashrami
BACKGROUND: The Global Public Private Partnerships for Health (GPPPH) constitute an increasingly central part of the global health architecture and carry both financial and normative power. Gender is an important determinant of health status, influencing differences in exposure to health determinants, health behaviours, and the response of the health system. We identified 18 GPPPH - defined as global institutions with a formal governance mechanism which includes both public and private for-profit sector actors - and conducted a gender analysis of each...
May 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487563/neural-correlates-of-distraction-and-conflict-resolution-for-nonverbal-auditory-events
#13
Hannah J Stewart, Sygal Amitay, Claude Alain
In everyday situations auditory selective attention requires listeners to suppress task-irrelevant stimuli and to resolve conflicting information in order to make appropriate goal-directed decisions. Traditionally, these two processes (i.e. distractor suppression and conflict resolution) have been studied separately. In the present study we measured neuroelectric activity while participants performed a new paradigm in which both processes are quantified. In separate block of trials, participants indicate whether two sequential tones share the same pitch or location depending on the block's instruction...
May 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484305/moral-stress-and-job-burnout-among-frontline-staff-conducting-clinical-research-on-affective-and-anxiety-disorders
#14
Adam L Fried, Celia B Fisher
There has been increased attention on job-related stress and burnout experienced by clinicians working with vulnerable and at-risk populations, including effects on personal mental health, therapeutic decision-making, and job effectiveness. Little is known, however, about the job-related stressors and symptoms of burnout experienced by clinical research staff working with similar populations, especially in terms of moral stress they may experience when adherence to scientific procedures appears to conflict with their personal commitment to address the clinical needs of their research participants or role as health care provider...
June 2016: Professional Psychology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482178/a-simulator-based-analysis-of-engineering-treatments-for-right-hook-bicycle-crashes-at-signalized-intersections
#15
Jennifer Warner, David S Hurwitz, Christopher M Monsere, Kayla Fleskes
A right-hook crash is a crash between a right-turning motor vehicle and an adjacent through-moving bicycle. At signalized intersections, these crashes can occur during any portion of the green interval when conflicting bicycles and vehicles are moving concurrently. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of four types of engineering countermeasures - regulatory signage, intersection pavement marking, smaller curb radius, and protected intersection design - at modifying driver behaviors that are known contributing factors in these crashes...
May 5, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481583/stepping-forward-together-could-walking-facilitate-interpersonal-conflict-resolution
#16
Christine E Webb, Maya Rossignac-Milon, E Tory Higgins
Walking has myriad benefits for the mind, most of which have traditionally been explored and explained at the individual level of analysis. Much less empirical work has examined how walking with a partner might benefit social processes. One such process is conflict resolution-a field of psychology in which movement is inherent not only in recent theory and research, but also in colloquial language (e.g., "moving on"). In this article, we unify work from various fields pointing to the idea that walking together can facilitate both the intra- and interpersonal pathways to conflict resolution...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480849/impact-of-internet-gambling-on-mental-and-psychological-health-of-children-of-various-ages
#17
M Khundadze, N Geladze, N Kapanadze
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of internet gambling on children's mental and physical health and find correlation between the age, duration of internet use and type of comorbidity associated with internet gambling. The study assessed 50 patients with internet gambling (35 boys, 15 girls) from 2013-2016 y. The age range was 3-15 years. 15 patients were from 3-7 y of age, 20 patients from 7-12 y and 15 - from 12-15 y of age. The core problem common for all patients were internet overuse by computer games, mobile device and other gadgets...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479896/prevalence-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempt-associations-with-psychiatric-disorders-and-hiv-aids-in-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#18
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Ashraf Kagee, Peter Wandiembe, Stephen Kiwuwa Mpugu, Davy Vancampfort, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Research on the prevalence of suicidal ideation, attempt, and cormorbid psychiatric disorders in post-conflict areas is still limited. AIM: We explored the prevalence of suicidal ideation, attempt, associated psychiatric disorders and HIV/AIDS in post-conflict Northern Uganda, an area that experienced civil strife for over two decades. METHODS: A total of 2400 respondents (aged 18 and above) and randomly selected in three districts (Gulu, Amuru and Nwoya), were interviewed...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473782/neurophysiological-evidence-of-compensatory-brain-mechanisms-underlying-attentional-related-processes-in-symptomatically-remitted-patients-with-schizophrenia
#19
Guoliang Chen, Weiyan Ding, Lei Zhang, Hong Cui, Zhongdong Jiang, Yansong Li
A recent electrophysiological study suggests existing compensatory brain activity as a mechanism for functional recovery of visual attention detection (the capacity for detecting external cues) in symptomatically remitted schizophrenia patients. Despite such evidence, little is known about other aspects of attentional-related processes in schizophrenia during clinical remission, such as their capacity to concentrate on the task at hands without being interfered by distracting information. To this end, we recorded event-related brain potentials (ERPs) from 20 symptomatically remitted schizophrenia patients and 20 healthy controls while they engaged in a classic Stroop task...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472417/the-impact-of-specific-fertility-treatments-on-cognitive-development-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#20
Alice R Rumbold, Vivienne M Moore, Melissa J Whitrow, Tassia K Oswald, Lisa J Moran, Renae C Fernandez, Kurt T Barnhart, Michael J Davies
STUDY QUESTION: Does fertility treatment influence cognitive ability in school aged children, and does the impact vary with the type of treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: The available high-quality evidence indicates that specific treatments may give rise to different effects on cognitive development, with certain treatments, including ICSI, associated with cognitive impairment. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous reviews of the literature concerning cognitive outcomes among children conceived with medical assistance have concluded that study findings are generally 'reassuring', but limited attention has been paid to the quality of this research...
May 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
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