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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192737/a-systematic-review-of-yoga-for-major-depressive-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Dennis Anheyer, Romy Lauche, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to investigate the efficacy and safety of yoga interventions in treating patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were screened through December 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing yoga to inactive or active comparators in patients with major depressive disorder were eligible. Primary outcomes included remission rates and severity of depression. Anxiety and adverse events were secondary outcomes...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188757/cognitive-effects-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-men-with-advanced-prostate-cancer
#2
Bulent Gunlusoy, Yasin Ceylan, Aslı Koskderlioglu, Muhtesem Gedizlioglu, Tansu Degirmenci, Pınar Ortan, Zafer Kozacioglu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prostate cancer effects of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) by using a systematic set of methods to calculate specific cognitive functions in men with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer. METHODS: From April 2014 to February 2016, a prospective, comparative study was done to evaluate the cognitive effects of hormone therapy.Group 1 consisted of 78 patients with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer who received complete ADT treatment continously for 12 months and group 2 (control group) consisted of 78 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy without any additional treatment...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185318/cognitive-function-after-heart-transplantation-comparing-everolimus-based-and-calcineurin-inhibitor-based-regimens
#3
Britta S Bürker, Lars Gullestad, Einar Gude, Anne R Authen, Ingelin Grov, Per K Hol, Arne K Andreassen, Satish Arora, Mary Amanda Dew, Arnt E Fiane, Ira R H Haraldsen, Ulrik F Malt, Stein Andersson
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown conflicting results concerning the occurrence of cognitive impairment after successful heart transplantation (HTx). Another unresolved issue is the possible differential impact of immunosuppressants on cognitive function. In this study, we describe cognitive function in a cohort of HTx recipients and subsequently compare cognitive function between subjects on either everolimus- or calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-based immunosuppression. METHODS: Cognitive function, covering attention, processing speed, executive functions, memory, and language functions, was assessed with a neuropsychological test battery...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179178/cranioplasty-outcomes-and-analysis-of-the-factors-influencing-surgical-site-infection-a-retrospective-review-of-over-10-years-of-institutional-experience
#4
Keita Shibahashi, Hidenori Hoda, Yuichi Takasu, Kazuo Hanakawa, Takafumi Ide, Yuichi Hamabe
BACKGROUND: As a large amount of clinical evidence supports the effects of craniectomy, the frequency of subsequent cranioplasty is on the rise. Complication rates and risk factors of cranioplasty have been reported; however, they have been conflicting. We aimed to review over 10 years of institutional experience and identify the risk factors of surgical-site infection (SSI) after cranioplasty. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted for patients who underwent primary cranioplasty...
February 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170410/disclosure-of-hiv-status-and-its-impact-on-the-loss-in-the-follow-up-of-hiv-infected-patients-on-potent-anti-retroviral-therapy-programs-in-a-post-conflict-setting-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-goma-democratic-republic-of-congo
#5
Pierre Zalagile Akilimali, Patou Masika Musumari, Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Patrick Kalambayi Kayembe, François B Lepira, Paulin Beya Mutombo, Thorkild Tylleskar, Mapatano Mala Ali
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to identify the impact of non-disclosure of HIV status on the loss to follow-up (LTFU) of patients receiving anti-retroviral therapy. METHODOLOGY: A historic cohort of HIV patients from 2 major hospitals in Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo was followed from 2004 to 2012. LTFU was defined as not taking an ART refill for a period of 3 months or longer since the last attendance, and had not yet been classified as 'dead' or 'transferred-out'...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165274/applying-a-family-systems-lens-to-proxy-decision-making-in-clinical-practice-and-research
#6
John S Rolland, Linda L Emanuel, Alexia M Torke
When patients are incapacitated and face serious illness, family members must make medical decisions for the patient. Medical decision sciences give only modest attention to the relationships among patients and their family members, including impact that these relationships have on the decision-making process. A review of the literature reveals little effort to systematically apply a theoretical framework to the role of family interactions in proxy decision making. A family systems perspective can provide a useful lens through which to understand the dynamics of proxy decision making...
February 6, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163794/modeling-the-effects-of-attentional-cueing-on-meditators
#7
Marieke K van Vugt, Paul M van den Hurk
Training in meditation has been shown to affect functioning of several attentional subsystems, most prominently conflict monitoring, and to some extent orienting. These previous findings described the effects of cueing and manipulating stimulus congruency on response times and accuracies. However, changes in accuracy and response times can arise from several factors. Computational process models can be used to distinguish different factors underlying changes in accuracy and response times. When decomposed by means of the drift diffusion model, a general process model of decision making that has been widely used, both the congruency and cueing effects, is subserved by a change in decision thresholds...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161024/teaching-systematic-viewing-to-final-year-medical-students-improves-systematicity-but-not-coverage-or-detection-of-radiologic-abnormalities
#8
Koos van Geel, Ellen M Kok, Joost Dijkstra, Simon G F Robben, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer
PURPOSE: Systematic viewing of images is widely advocated in radiology; it is expected to lead to complete coverage of images and consequently more detection of abnormalities. Evidence on the efficacy of teaching systematic viewing to students is conflicting. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of teaching systematic viewing to final-year medical students on systematicity of viewing behavior, coverage of the image, and detection. METHODS: Final-year medical students (n = 60) viewed 10 chest radiographs in a first series before training and another 10 radiographs in a second series after training...
February 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153937/beliefs-and-attitudes-to-bowel-cancer-screening-in-patients-with-ckd-a-semistructured-interview-study
#9
Laura J James, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Angela Ju, Narelle Williams, Wai H Lim, Nicholas Cross, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bowel cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death in people with CKD. Shared decision making regarding cancer screening is particularly complex in CKD and requires an understanding of patients' values and priorities, which remain largely unknown. Our study aimed to describe the beliefs and attitudes to bowel cancer screening in patients with CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Face to face, semistructured interviews were conducted from April of 2014 to December of 2015 with 38 participants ages 39-78 years old with CKD stages 3-5, on dialysis, or transplant recipients from four renal units in Australia and New Zealand...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152155/bullying-in-senior-living-facilities-perspectives-of-long-term-care-staff
#10
Felicia J Andresen, Jeffrey A Buchanan
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149684/epidemiological-research-on-parent-child-conflict-in-the-united-states-subgroup-variations-by-place-of-birth-and-ethnicity-2002-2013
#11
Jose Ruben Parra-Cardona, Hsueh-Han Yeh, James C Anthony
BACKGROUND: Chronically escalated parent-child conflict has been observed to elicit maladaptive behavior and reduced psychological well-being in children and youth. In this epidemiological study, we sought to estimate the occurrence of escalated parent-child conflict for United States (US) adolescent subgroups defined by (a) ethnic self-identification, and (b) nativity (US-born versus foreign-born). METHODS: US study populations of 12-to-17-year-olds were sampled, recruited, and assessed for the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 2002-2013 (n = 111, 129)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145024/psychopharmacologic-treatment-and-blood-transfusion-in-fast-track-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Silas Hinsch Gylvin, Christoffer Calov Jørgensen, Anders Fink-Jensen, Pär I Johansson, Henrik Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and other psychotropics are receiving increasing attention due to reports on inhibition of thrombocyte function and an increased bleeding risk in surgical settings. Studies in total hip and total knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA, respectively) have shown conflicting results, questioning whether the potential increased bleeding risk is of clinical importance. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Prospective consecutive collection of data on preoperative comorbidity in patients undergoing primary unilateral THA or TKA was cross-referenced with regional transfusion databases and The Danish National Database of Reimbursed Prescriptions for information regarding blood transfusions and psychopharmacologic treatment...
January 31, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140706/risk-factors-for-brain-damage-among-preterm-twins
#13
Irit Schushan-Eisen, Ayala Maayan-Metzger, Ram Mazkereth, Leah Leibovitch, Tzipora Strauss
AIM: To evaluate the perinatal and postnatal risk factors for various brain pathologies among preterm twins. METHODS: Retrospective data of 104 twin pairs of which one of the siblings had evidence of abnormal head ultrasound (HUS) and its' co-twin with normal HUS served as control. RESULTS: Abnormal HUS consisted of periventricular echodensities among 69 infants, intraventricular hemorrhage among 28 infants, cystic periventricular leukomalacia among 10 infants and other parenchymal brain pathologies among 5 infants...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138834/seeing-the-conflict-an-attentional-account-of-reasoning-errors
#14
André Mata, Mário B Ferreira, Andreas Voss, Tanja Kollei
In judgment and reasoning, intuition and deliberation can agree on the same responses, or they can be in conflict and suggest different responses. Incorrect responses to conflict problems have traditionally been interpreted as a sign of faulty problem-solving-an inability to solve the conflict. However, such errors might emerge earlier, from insufficient attention to the conflict. To test this attentional hypothesis, we manipulated the conflict in reasoning problems and used eye-tracking to measure attention...
January 30, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137524/effect-of-yoga-practice-on-reducing-cognitive-motor-interference-for-improving-dynamic-balance-control-in-healthy-adults
#15
Savitha Subramaniam, Tanvi Bhatt
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to investigate the effects of Yoga on reducing cognitive-motor interference (CMI) for maintaining balance control during varied balance tasks. METHOD: Yoga (N=10) and age-similar non-practitioners (N=10) performed three balance tasks including the Limits of Stability test (LOS - Intentional balance), Motor Control test (MCT - Reactive balance), and Sensory Organization Test (SOT -condition 6: inducing both somatosensory and visual conflicts) under single-task (ST) and dual-task (DT, addition of a cognitive working memory task) conditions...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126490/an-attentional-mechanism-for-minimizing-cross-modal-distraction
#16
Lauren D Grant, Daniel H Weissman
Prior findings suggest that coping with distraction relies on cognitive control processes that increase attention to task-relevant processing and/or decrease attention to task-irrelevant processing. In line with this view, the size of the congruency effect in unimodal Stroop-like tasks, a popular measure of distraction, is typically reduced after more distracting incongruent trials relative to after less distracting congruent trials. It remains unclear, however, whether, and under what conditions, the control processes underlying this congruency sequence effect (CSE) minimize cross-modal distraction...
January 23, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114493/reward-interacts-with-modality-shift-to-reduce-cross-modal-conflict
#17
Guanlan Kang, Lihui Wang, Xiaolin Zhou
Previous studies have shown that reward can enhance cognitive control and reduce conflict in visual processing. Here we investigate (a) whether and how reward influences cross-modal conflict control and (b) how the shift of attention across modalities modulates the effect of reward on cross-modal conflict control. In four experiments, a cue indicating the reward availability of a given trial (reward vs. no reward) was presented prior to a target. The target was either a visual or an auditory letter, which was accompanied by a distracting letter from the other modality...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111085/portion-size-tells-who-i-am-food-type-tells-who-you-are-specific-functions-of-amount-and-type-of-food-in-same-and-opposite-sex-dyadic-eating-contexts
#18
Nicoletta Cavazza, Margherita Guidetti, Fabrizio Butera
Previous research has shown that women eating small portions of food (vs. eating big portions) are perceived as more feminine, whereas men eating large portions are perceived as more masculine. The specific type of food items have also been shown to carry connotations for gender stereotyping. In addition, matching the co-eater's food quantity is also a means to ingratiate him or her. Thus, a potential motivational conflict between gender identity expression and ingratiation arises when people eat in opposite-sex dyads...
January 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107523/look-into-the-hiv-epidemic-of-gay-community-with-a-socio-cultural-perspective-a-qualitative-study-in-china-2015-2016
#19
Huijing He, Fan Lv, Nanci Nanyi Zhang, Zunyou Wu, Qinghua Liao, Zhanjun Chang, Yi Li, Huifang Xu, Lin OuYang, Xiping Huan, Juan Yang
BACKGROUND: Current Chinese studies continue to view male homosexuality through a disease focused lens which pays limited attention to socio-cultural aspects of sexual behavior and HIV transmission. This qualitative study aimed to investigate how socio-cultural factors influence gay men's sexual beliefs and behaviors in contemporary China, and their implications for HIV epidemic. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Qualitative methodology was used in this study. During 2015-2016, in-depth interviews were conducted with 61 self identified gay men in Jiangxi, Henan, Heilongjiang, Guangdong, Jiangsu provinces and Chongqing municipality of China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103058/emotion-dysregulation-across-emotion-systems-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Erica D Musser, Joel T Nigg
Children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display alterations in both emotion reactivity and regulation. One mechanism underlying such alternations may be reduced coherence among emotion systems (i.e., autonomic, facial affect). The present study sought to examine this. One hundred children (50 with ADHD combined presentation), 7-11 years of age (62% male, 78% White), completed an emotion induction and suppression task. This task was coded for facial affect behavior across both negative and positive emotion eliciting task conditions...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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