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Royal jelli

Hyejung Gu, In-Bong Song, Hye-Ju Han, Na-Young Lee, Ji-Yun Cha, Yeon-Kyong Son, Jungkee Kwon
Recently, research on the processing of raw functional materials with the aim of improving various physiological activities has been conducted. In this study, we investigated the antioxidant activity of royal jelly (RJ) hydrolysates obtained from three commercial proteases. Enzyme-treated royal jelly (ERJ), in which the RJ hydrolysates were converted into easy-to-absorb shorter chain monomers through the removal of two known allergen proteins, showed no difference in the content of ( E )-10-hydroxydec-2-enoicacid (10-HDA) or the freshness parameter and showed a significant increase in total free amino acid content...
February 2018: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Christian W W Pirk
A new study shows that, in honey bees, the main role of certain proteins in royal jelly is to ensure that the larva stays in its cell, thereby allowing it to develop into a queen.
April 23, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Carmen I Mureşan, Angelika Schierhorn, Anja Buttstedt
Royal jelly (RJ) is a beehive product with a complex composition, major royal jelly proteins (MRJPs) being the most abundant proteins. Cell culture and animal studies suggest various biological activities for the full-length/native MRJPs. In the field of apitherapy, it is assumed that MRJPs can positively affect human health. However, whenever RJ is administered orally, the availability for assimilation in the gastrointestinal tract is a prerequisite for MRJPs to have any effect on humans. We here show that MRJPs vary in resistance to pepsin digestion with MRJP2 being most stable and still present as full-length protein after 24 h of digestion...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Akira Sato, Hiroto Unuma, Yoji Yamazaki, Keiichi Ebina
The probes for detection of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in plasma and in atherosclerotic plaques are expected to facilitate the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of atherosclerosis. Recently, we have reported that a heptapeptide (Lys-Trp-Tyr-Lys-Asp-Gly-Asp, KP6) coupled through the ε-amino group of N-terminal Lys to fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), (FITC)KP6, can be useful as a fluorescent probe for specific detection of ox-LDL. In the present study, to develop a novel fluorescent peptide for specific detection of ox-LDL, we investigated the interaction (with ox-LDL) of an undecapeptide corresponding to positions 41 to 51 of a potent antimicrobial protein (royalisin, which consists of 51 residues; from royal jelly of honeybees), conjugated at the N-terminus to FITC in the presence of 6-amino-n-caproic acid (AC) linker, (FITC-AC)-royalisin P11, which contains both sequences, Phe-Lys-Asp and Asp-Lys-Tyr, similar to Tyr-Lys-Asp in (FITC)KP6...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
Hiroyuki Sonoki, Asami Tanimae, Takumi Furuta, Satoshi Endo, Toshiyuki Matsunaga, Kenji Ichihara, Akira Ikari
Claudin-2 is highly expressed in human lung adenocarcinoma cells and involved in the promotion of proliferation. Here, we searched for a compound, which can decrease claudin-2 expression using lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. In the screening using compounds included in royal jelly and propolis, the protein level of claudin-2 was dose-dependently decreased by caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), whereas the mRNA level and promoter activity were only decreased by 50 μM CAPE. These results suggest that CAPE down-regulates claudin-2 expression mediated by two different mechanisms...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Yinghong Li, Ping Zhou, Quanhua Xu, Huan Zhao, Qiaoyun Shao
A method was developed for the simultaneous determination of seven high risk pesticides in the royal jelly, eg. tau-fluvalinate, triadimenol, coumaphos, haloxyfop, carbendazim, thiophanate-ethyl and thiophanate-methyl by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). First, the royal jelly samples were extracted with acetonitrile under alkaline conditions. After dehydration by anhydrous sodium sulfate, the extracts were enriched and purified through solid-phase extraction (SPE) with Oasis HLB cartridges...
February 8, 2018: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Justyna Pyrzanowska, Adriana Wawer, Ilona Joniec-Maciejak, Agnieszka Piechal, Kamilla Blecharz-Klin, Konstantia Graikou, Ioanna Chinou, Ewa Widy-Tyszkiewicz
Royal Jelly (RJ) is a unique substance obtained from bees that has been used widely in European and Asian traditional medicine for its potential to prevent signs of aging through its antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hypercholesterolemic properties. We recently reported an enhancement in spatial memory along with changes in monoaminergic transmission in aged rats after chronic RJ administration. Here, we aim to further explore the action of RJ on central nervous system activity by examining levels of amino acids in selected brain structures of aged male Wistar rats following 2-months of Greek RJ administration...
March 22, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Huiting Zhao, Zhu Peng, Yali Du, Kai Xu, Lina Guo, Shuang Yang, Weihua Ma, Yusuo Jiang
Apis cerana cerana, an important endemic honey bee species in China, possesses valuable characteristics such as a sensitive olfactory system, good foraging ability, and strong resistance to parasitic mites. Here, we performed transcriptome sequencing of the antenna, the major chemosensory organ of the bee, using an Illumina sequencer, to identify typical differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in adult worker bees of different ages, namely, T1 (1 day); T2 (10 days); T3 (15 days); and T4 (25 days). Surprisingly, the expression levels of DEGs changed significantly between the T1 period and the other three periods...
March 21, 2018: Gene
Yongming Pan, Jianqin Xu, Cheng Chen, Fangming Chen, Ping Jin, Keyan Zhu, Chenyue W Hu, Mengmeng You, Minli Chen, Fuliang Hu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia characterized by aggregation of amyloid β (Aβ) and neuronal loss. One of the risk factors for AD is high cholesterol levels, which are known to promote Aβ deposition. Previous studies have shown that royal jelly (RJ), a product of worker bees, has potential neuroprotective effects and can attenuate Aβ toxicity. However, little is known about how RJ regulates Aβ formation and its effects on cholesterol levels and neuronal metabolic activities...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Anja Buttstedt, Carmen I Mureşan, Hauke Lilie, Gerd Hause, Christian H Ihling, Stefan-H Schulze, Markus Pietzsch, Robin F A Moritz
The female sex in honeybees (Apis spp.) comprises a reproductive queen and a sterile worker caste. Nurse bees feed all larvae progressively with a caste-specific food jelly until the prepupal stage. Only those larvae that are exclusively fed a large amount of royal jelly (RJ) develop into queens [1]. RJ is a composite secretion of two specialized head glands: the mandibular glands, which produce mainly fatty acids [2], and the hypopharyngeal glands, which contribute proteins, primarily belonging to the major royal jelly protein (MRJP) family [3]...
March 2, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Mohamed M Ahmed, Samir A El-Shazly, Mohamed E Alkafafy, Alaa A Mohamed, Ahmed A Mousa
This study aimed to investigate the protective potential of Royal jelly (RJ) against cadmium (Cd)-induced testicular dysfunction in rats. Thirty-five adult male Wistar rats were assigned into five groups. G I; (control) injected intraperitoneally with saline, G II injected intraperitoneally with a single dose of CdCl2 (1 mg/kg BW), G III received RJ (100 mg/kg BW/day) orally, G IV was pre-treated with RJ for 1 week then, treated with CdCl2 , and G V was co-treated with RJ and CdCl2 . After day 56, serum and tissue samples were collected and analysed...
March 12, 2018: Andrologia
Xinran Wang, Shupeng Yang, Yi Li, Jinzhen Zhang, Yue Jin, Wen Zhao, Yongxin Zhang, Jingping Huang, Peng Wang, Cuiling Wu, Jinhui Zhou
A robust and sensitive method of solid-phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was established and performed for the simultaneous determination of eleven aminoglycosides (AGs) in royal jelly and honey. After sample extraction by a phosphate buffer containing trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and ethylenediaminetetracetic acid disodium salt (Na2 EDTA), the extraction solution was subjected to a parallel solid-phase extraction for clean-up prior to the LC-MS/MS analysis...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Yanru Sun, Mingfeng Han, Zhenhuang Shen, Haibo Huang, Xiaoqing Miao
Ventricular remodeling is associated with many heart diseases, and ventricular remodeling induced by hypertension can be fatal independent of hypertension. In this study, we prepared a novel apitherapy formulation, designated Bao-Yuan-Ling (BYL), which contained propolis, royal jelly, and bee venom, to treat spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs). We then evaluated the pharmacology of BYL and the potential mechanisms through which BYL affects hypertension and ventricular remodeling. We found that BYL treatment could reduce blood pressure in SHRs...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Jiangtao Qiao, Xueyu Wang, Liqiang Liu, Hongcheng Zhang
Royal jelly possesses numerous functional properties. Improper storage usually causes bioactivity loss, especially queen differentiation activity. To determine changes in royal jelly, we investigated nonenzymatic browning and protein changes in royal jelly during room-temperature storage from 1 to 6 months. Our results indicate that royal jelly experiences nonenzymatic browning and protein aggregation. The products of nonenzymatic browning dramatically increased, especially Nε -carboxymethyl lysine (CML) with growth of approximately 7-fold...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
J Stoevesandt, A Trautmann
Drone larvae are mostly considered a by-product of beekeeping, but have recently been advo-cated as a high-protein source of food. There are as yet no data concerning their allergenic po-tential. We report on a 29-year old bee keeper who experienced an anaphylactic reaction following the consumption of a freshly prepared beverage from raw drone larvae. Larvae-specific sensitization was confirmed by prick-to-prick and basophil activation testing. Bee stings and classical bee products including honey and royal jelly were tolerated...
November 30, 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Na Lin, Si Chen, Hong Zhang, Junmin Li, Linglin Fu
Major royal jelly protein 1 (MRJP1) is the most abundant protein in royal jelly (RJ), and the level of MRJP1 has been suggested as a promising parameter for standardization and evaluation of RJ authenticity in quality. Here, a quantitative method was developed for the quantification of MRJP1 in RJ based on a signature peptide and a stable isotope-labeled internal standard peptide FFDYDFGSDER*(R*, 13 C6 , 15 N4 ) by ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Recoveries of the established method ranged from 85...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Douglas Carvalho Caixeta, Renata Roland Teixeira, Leonardo Gomes Peixoto, Helen Lara Machado, Nathalia Belele Baptista, Adriele Vieira de Souza, Danielle Diniz Vilela, Celso Rodrigues Franci, Foued Salmen Espindola
Restraint and cold stress increase both corticosterone and glycemia, which lead to oxidative damages in hepatic tissue. This study assessed the effect of royal jelly (RJ) supplementation on the corticosterone level, glycemia, plasma enzymes and hepatic antioxidant system in restraint and cold stressed rats. Wistar rats were allocated into no-stress, stress, no-stress supplemented with RJ and stress supplemented with RJ groups. Initially, RJ (200mg/Kg) was administered for fourteen days and stressed groups were submitted to chronic stress from the seventh day...
2018: PloS One
Shuang Zhang, Qiqi Shao, Haiyang Geng, Songkun Su
Due to various pharmacological properties, including antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties, royal jelly (RJ) has been widely consumed in daily diets in numerous countries. In the present study, the effect of RJ on 4T1-bearing mice was investigated. The study was performed by feeding 4T1-bearing mice with RJ using either the prophylactic-therapeutic (PTRJ) or therapeutic (TRJ) method. The experimental results for the PTRJ group demonstrated that the weight of tumor was significantly reduced (RJ 0...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Xi'en Chen, Yanghui Cao, Shuai Zhan, Yong Zhang, Anjiang Tan, Yongping Huang
The yellow gene family has been identified in several model insects, but yellow genes were poorly identified in non-model insects and the functions of yellow genes are largely unknown. In this study, we identified seven yellow genes in an important agricultural pest Agrotis ipsilon. Each gene encodes a protein containing a major royal jelly domain. Phylogenetic analysis defined these genes as yellow-y, -b, -b2, -c, -d, -e, and -h, respectively. The A. ipsilon yellow genes yellow-b, -b2, and -c were stably expressed in all developmental stages and tissues analyzed, whereas the other four yellow genes had unique expression patterns, suggesting distinct physiological roles of each gene...
March 2018: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Michael J Weiser, Vivian Grimshaw, Kelly M Wynalda, M Hasan Mohajeri, Christopher M Butt
BACKGROUND: Queen bee acid (QBA; 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid) is the predominant fatty acid in royal jelly (RJ) and has activity at estrogen receptors, which affect brain function and body composition. However, few, long-term studies have assessed QBA effects in brain health and body composition. METHODS: Primary hippocampal neurons were treated with QBA (0-30 µM) and challenged with glutamate or hypoxia. QBA was fed to aged, male Sprague-Dawley rats (12-24 mg/kg/day) and to adult male and female Balb/C mice (30-60 mg/kg/day) for ≥3...
December 23, 2017: Nutrients
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