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Royal jelli

Yongming Pan, Jianqin Xu, Cheng Chen, Fangming Chen, Ping Jin, Keyan Zhu, Chenyue W Hu, Mengmeng You, Minli Chen, Fuliang Hu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia characterized by aggregation of amyloid β (Aβ) and neuronal loss. One of the risk factors for AD is high cholesterol levels, which are known to promote Aβ deposition. Previous studies have shown that royal jelly (RJ), a product of worker bees, has potential neuroprotective effects and can attenuate Aβ toxicity. However, little is known about how RJ regulates Aβ formation and its effects on cholesterol levels and neuronal metabolic activities...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Anja Buttstedt, Carmen I Mureşan, Hauke Lilie, Gerd Hause, Christian H Ihling, Stefan-H Schulze, Markus Pietzsch, Robin F A Moritz
The female sex in honeybees (Apis spp.) comprises a reproductive queen and a sterile worker caste. Nurse bees feed all larvae progressively with a caste-specific food jelly until the prepupal stage. Only those larvae that are exclusively fed a large amount of royal jelly (RJ) develop into queens [1]. RJ is a composite secretion of two specialized head glands: the mandibular glands, which produce mainly fatty acids [2], and the hypopharyngeal glands, which contribute proteins, primarily belonging to the major royal jelly protein (MRJP) family [3]...
March 2, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Mohamed M Ahmed, Samir A El-Shazly, Mohamed E Alkafafy, Alaa A Mohamed, Ahmed A Mousa
This study aimed to investigate the protective potential of Royal jelly (RJ) against cadmium (Cd)-induced testicular dysfunction in rats. Thirty-five adult male Wistar rats were assigned into five groups. G I; (control) injected intraperitoneally with saline, G II injected intraperitoneally with a single dose of CdCl2 (1 mg/kg BW), G III received RJ (100 mg/kg BW/day) orally, G IV was pre-treated with RJ for 1 week then, treated with CdCl2 , and G V was co-treated with RJ and CdCl2 . After day 56, serum and tissue samples were collected and analysed...
March 12, 2018: Andrologia
Xinran Wang, Shupeng Yang, Yi Li, Jinzhen Zhang, Yue Jin, Wen Zhao, Yongxin Zhang, Jingping Huang, Peng Wang, Cuiling Wu, Jinhui Zhou
A robust and sensitive method of solid-phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was established and performed for the simultaneous determination of eleven aminoglycosides (AGs) in royal jelly and honey. After sample extraction by a phosphate buffer containing trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and ethylenediaminetetracetic acid disodium salt (Na2 EDTA), the extraction solution was subjected to a parallel solid-phase extraction for clean-up prior to the LC-MS/MS analysis...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Yanru Sun, Mingfeng Han, Zhenhuang Shen, Haibo Huang, Xiaoqing Miao
Ventricular remodeling is associated with many heart diseases, and ventricular remodeling induced by hypertension can be fatal independent of hypertension. In this study, we prepared a novel apitherapy formulation, designated Bao-Yuan-Ling (BYL), which contained propolis, royal jelly, and bee venom, to treat spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs). We then evaluated the pharmacology of BYL and the potential mechanisms through which BYL affects hypertension and ventricular remodeling. We found that BYL treatment could reduce blood pressure in SHRs...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Jiangtao Qiao, Xueyu Wang, Liqiang Liu, Hongcheng Zhang
Royal jelly possesses numerous functional properties. Improper storage usually causes bioactivity loss, especially queen differentiation activity. To determine changes in royal jelly, we investigated non-enzymatic browning and protein changes in royal jelly during room-temperature storage from one to six months. Our results indicate that royal jelly experiences non-enzymatic browning and protein aggregation. The products of non-enzymatic browning dramatically increased, especially Nε-carboxymethyl lysine (CML) with growth of approximately sevenfold...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
J Stoevesandt, A Trautmann
Drone larvae are mostly considered a by-product of beekeeping, but have recently been advo-cated as a high-protein source of food. There are as yet no data concerning their allergenic po-tential. We report on a 29-year old bee keeper who experienced an anaphylactic reaction following the consumption of a freshly prepared beverage from raw drone larvae. Larvae-specific sensitization was confirmed by prick-to-prick and basophil activation testing. Bee stings and classical bee products including honey and royal jelly were tolerated...
November 30, 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Na Lin, Si Chen, Hong Zhang, Junmin Li, Linglin Fu
Major royal jelly protein 1 (MRJP1) is the most abundant protein in royal jelly (RJ), and the level of MRJP1 has been suggested as a promising parameter for standardization and evaluation of RJ authenticity in quality. Here, a quantitative method was developed for the quantification of MRJP1 in RJ based on a signature peptide and a stable isotope-labeled internal standard peptide FFDYDFGSDER*(R*, 13C6, 15N4) by ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Recoveries of the established method ranged from 85...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Douglas Carvalho Caixeta, Renata Roland Teixeira, Leonardo Gomes Peixoto, Helen Lara Machado, Nathalia Belele Baptista, Adriele Vieira de Souza, Danielle Diniz Vilela, Celso Rodrigues Franci, Foued Salmen Espindola
Restraint and cold stress increase both corticosterone and glycemia, which lead to oxidative damages in hepatic tissue. This study assessed the effect of royal jelly (RJ) supplementation on the corticosterone level, glycemia, plasma enzymes and hepatic antioxidant system in restraint and cold stressed rats. Wistar rats were allocated into no-stress, stress, no-stress supplemented with RJ and stress supplemented with RJ groups. Initially, RJ (200mg/Kg) was administered for fourteen days and stressed groups were submitted to chronic stress from the seventh day...
2018: PloS One
Shuang Zhang, Qiqi Shao, Haiyang Geng, Songkun Su
Due to various pharmacological properties, including antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties, royal jelly (RJ) has been widely consumed in daily diets in numerous countries. In the present study, the effect of RJ on 4T1-bearing mice was investigated. The study was performed by feeding 4T1-bearing mice with RJ using either the prophylactic-therapeutic (PTRJ) or therapeutic (TRJ) method. The experimental results for the PTRJ group demonstrated that the weight of tumor was significantly reduced (RJ 0...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Xi'en Chen, Yanghui Cao, Shuai Zhan, Yong Zhang, Anjiang Tan, Yongping Huang
The yellow gene family has been identified in several model insects, but yellow genes were poorly identified in non-model insects and the functions of yellow genes are largely unknown. In this study, we identified seven yellow genes in an important agricultural pest Agrotis ipsilon. Each gene encodes a protein containing a major royal jelly domain. Phylogenetic analysis defined these genes as yellow-y, -b, -b2, -c, -d, -e, and -h, respectively. The A. ipsilon yellow genes yellow-b, -b2, and -c were stably expressed in all developmental stages and tissues analyzed, whereas the other four yellow genes had unique expression patterns, suggesting distinct physiological roles of each gene...
January 11, 2018: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Michael J Weiser, Vivian Grimshaw, Kelly M Wynalda, M Hasan Mohajeri, Christopher M Butt
BACKGROUND: Queen bee acid (QBA; 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid) is the predominant fatty acid in royal jelly (RJ) and has activity at estrogen receptors, which affect brain function and body composition. However, few, long-term studies have assessed QBA effects in brain health and body composition. METHODS: Primary hippocampal neurons were treated with QBA (0-30 µM) and challenged with glutamate or hypoxia. QBA was fed to aged, male Sprague-Dawley rats (12-24 mg/kg/day) and to adult male and female Balb/C mice (30-60 mg/kg/day) for ≥3...
December 23, 2017: Nutrients
Xijuan Tu, Fanyi Sun, Siyuan Wu, Weiyi Liu, Zhaosheng Gao, Shaokang Huang, Wenbin Chen
Homogeneous liquid-liquid extraction (h-LLE) has been receiving considerable attention as a sample preparation method due to its simple and fast partition of compounds with a wide range of polarities. To better understand the differences between the two h-LLE extraction approaches, salting-out assisted liquid-liquid extraction (SALLE) and sugaring-out assisted liquid-liquid extraction (SULLE), have been compared for the partition of 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA) from royal jelly, and for the co-extraction of proteins...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Athanasia Pina, Olga Begou, Dimitris Kanelis, Helen Gika, Stavros Kalogiannis, Chrysoula Tananaki, Georgios Theodoridis, Anastasia Zotou
In the present work a Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography-tandem Mass Spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS) method was developed for the efficient separation and quantification of a large number of small polar bioactive molecules in Royal Jelly. The method was validated and provided satisfactory detection sensitivity for 88 components. Quantification was proven to be precise for 64 components exhibiting good linearity, recoveries R% >90% for the majority of analytes and intra- and inter-day precision from 0...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Nai-Yong Liu, Zhi-Wen Xu, Wei Yan, Xue-Min Ren, Zhi-Quan Zhang, Jia-Ying Zhu
Despite substantial advances in uncovering constituents of parasitoid venoms due to their potential applications as insecticides and pharmaceuticals, most of these studies are primarily restricted to braconid and ichneumonid wasps. Little information is available regarding virulent factors from venom of Eulophidae. In order to provide insight into the venom components of this family and parasitoid venom evolution, a venom protein repertoire (venomics) of the endoparasitoid wasp, Tetrastichus brontispae was deciphered using a proteomic approach...
January 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Zewdu Ararso, Chuan Ma, Yuping Qi, Mao Feng, Bin Han, Han Hu, Lifeng Meng, Jianke Li
Hemolymph is vital for the immunity of honeybees and offers a way to investigate their physiological status. To gain novel insight into the functionality and molecular details of the hemolymph in driving increased Royal Jelly (RJ) production, we characterized and compared hemolymph proteomes across the larval and adult ages of Italian bees (ITbs) and Royal Jelly bees (RJbs), a stock selected from ITbs for increasing RJ output. Unprecedented in-depth proteome was attained with the identification of 3394 hemolymph proteins in both bee lines...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Weijia Zheng, Jin-A Park, A M Abd El-Aty, Seong-Kwan Kim, Sang-Hyun Cho, Jeong-Min Choi, Mohamad Warda, Jing Wang, Jae-Han Shim, Ho-Chul Shin
We have developed an analytical method for the determination of lincomycin, tylosin A and tylosin B residues in royal jelly using liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry analysis. For extraction and purification, we employed 1% trifluoroacetic acid and 0.1 m Na2 EDTA solutions along with an Oasis HLB cartridge. The target antibiotics were well separated in a Kinetex EVO C18 reversed-phase analytical column using a combination of 0.1% formate acid in ultrapure water (A) and acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase...
April 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Weijia Zheng, Jin-A Park, A M Abd El-Aty, Seong-Kwan Kim, Sang-Hyun Cho, Jeong-Min Choi, Hee Yi, Soo-Min Cho, Amer Ramadan, Ji Hoon Jeong, Jae-Han Shim, Ho-Chul Shin
Over the past few decades, honey products have been polluted by different contaminants, such as pesticides, which are widely applied in agriculture. In this work, a modified EN - quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) extraction method was developed for the simultaneous quantification of pesticide residues, including cymiazole, fipronil, coumaphos, fluvalinate, amitraz, and its metabolite 2,4-dimethylaniline (2,4-DMA), in four types of honey (acacia, wild, chestnut, and manuka) and royal jelly...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Rodrigo Zaluski, Luis Antonio Justulin, Ricardo de Oliveira Orsi
Global decreases in bee populations emphasize the importance of assessing how environmental stressors affect colony maintenance, especially considering the extreme task specialization observed in honeybee societies. Royal jelly, a protein secretion essential to colony nutrition, is produced by nurse honeybees, and development of bee mandibular glands, which comprise a reservoir surrounded by secretory cells and hypopharyngeal glands that are shaped by acini, is directly associated with production of this secretion...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
Heni Susilowati, Keiji Murakami, Hiromichi Yumoto, Takashi Amoh, Kouji Hirao, Katsuhiko Hirota, Takashi Matsuo, Yoichiro Miyake
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative bacterium and causes respiratory infection especially in elderly patients. Royal jelly has been used worldwide as a traditional remedy and as a nutrient; however, the effect against P. aeruginosa is unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze antibacterial, antiadherent, and anti-inflammatory effects of royal jelly against P. aeruginosa. Wild-type strain PAO1 and clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa were used for antibacterial assay and antiadherent assay to abiotic surface and epithelial cells, which are pharynx (Detroit 562) and lung (NCI-H292) epithelial cells...
2017: BioMed Research International
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