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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210507/super-selective-mesenteric-embolization-provides-effective-control-of-lower-gi-bleeding
#1
Toan Pham, Bob Anh Tran, Kevin Ooi, Marcus Mykytowycz, Stephen McLaughlin, Matthew Croxford, Iain Skinner, Ian Faragher
Introduction. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and super-selective mesenteric artery embolization (SMAE) in managing lower GI bleeding (LGIB). Method. A retrospective case series of patients with LGIB treated with SMAE in our health service. Patients with confirmed active LGIB, on either radionuclide scintigraphy (RS) or contrast-enhanced multidetector CT angiography (CE-MDCT), were referred for DSA +/- SMAE. Data collected included patient characteristics, screening modality, bleeding territory, embolization technique, technical and clinical success, short-term to medium-term complications, 30-day mortality, and progression to surgery related to procedural failure or complications...
2017: Radiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190369/intra-abdominal-trocar-free-vacuum-liver-retractor-for-upper-gastrointestinal-surgery
#2
Christian Benzing, Helmut Weiss, Felix Krenzien, Matthias Biebl, Johann Pratschke, Ricardo Zorron
BACKGROUND: In laparoscopic upper-gastrointestinal (GI) surgery, an adequate retraction of the liver is crucial. Especially in single-port surgery and obese patients, problems may occur during liver retraction. The current study seeks to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the LiVac trocar-free liver retractor in laparoscopic upper-GI surgery. METHODS: The present study is a nonrandomized dual-center clinical series describing our preliminary results using the LiVac system for liver retraction...
February 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184273/hemoptysis-during-general-anesthesia-in-a-diabetic-patient-with-healed-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#3
Mee Young Chung, Hyeon-Do Jeong, Seul-Gi Kim, Chang Jae Kim
Hemoptysis is a common complication of pulmonary tuberculosis. Most of the cases of hemoptysis originate from hypertrophied bronchial arteries. Also, diabetes induces pulmonary vascular abnormalities such as endothelial dysfunction, inflammatory infiltration and pulmonary vascular remodeling. A 27-year-old male, with diabetes and a history of tuberculosis, underwent the procedure of pars plana vitrectomy under general anesthesia. After an uneventful intra-operative period, he had hemoptysis prior to extubation...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180104/late-migration-of-amplatzer-septal-occluder-device-to-the-descending-thoracic-aorta
#4
Hyo-Hyun Kim, Gi-Jong Yi, Suk-Won Song
Percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) has become an increasingly common procedure. Serious complications of the procedure, such as cardiac migration, are rare, and usually occur <72 hours after device placement. In this report, we present the case of a patient who underwent successful surgical treatment for the migration of an ASD occluder device to the thoracic aorta 12 months after ASD closure.
February 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179979/flexible-gastro-intestinal-endoscopy-clinical-challenges-and-technical-achievements
#5
REVIEW
Niehls Kurniawan, Martin Keuchel
Flexible gastro-intestinal (GI) endoscopy is an integral diagnostic and therapeutic tool in clinical gastroenterology. High quality standards for safety, patients' comfort, and efficiency have already been achieved. Clinical challenges and technical approaches are discussed in this short review. Image enhanced endoscopy for further characterization of mucosal and vascular patterns includes dye-spray or virtual chromoendoscopy. For confocal laser endoscopy, endocytoscopy, and autofluorescence clinical value has not yet been finally evaluated...
2017: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174394/-past-present-and-future-of-national-clinical-database
#6
Tadashi Iwanaka
The National Clinical Database of Japan( NCD) was established in April 2010 in the collaboration of 9 surgical subspecialty societies on the platform of the Japan Surgical Society(JSS). Registrations began in 2011, and because NCD is strongly linked to the board certification system by JSS, the ratio of registration of surgical procedures is very high, over than 97%. To date, more than 4,000 facilities have enrolled and over 7 million cases were registered over a 5-year period. The analyses of NCD are compared to the foreign database, such as American College of Surgeon National Surgical Quality Improvement Program in the gastrointestinal (GI) surgical field, and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Adult Cardiac Database in the cardiovascular surgical field, with a goal of creating a standardized surgery database for quality improvement...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152779/the-influence-of-a-composite-hospital-volume-of-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-resections-on-outcomes-of-gastric-cancer-surgery
#7
Johan L Dikken, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Vincent K Y Ho, Daniel Henneman, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Michel W J M Wouters, Johanna W van Sandick
: 305 Background: There is a known volume-outcome association for complex surgial procedures such as oncologic gastric resections. The aim of this study was to describe the process of centralization for gastric cancer surgery in the Netherlands in relation to other types of upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancer resections and to investigate whether the quality of gastric cancer surgery is affected by the overall experience with those related complex surgical procedures. METHODS: Data on all patients (n = 4251) who underwent surgical treatment for non metastatic invasive gastric cancer between 2005-2013 were obtained from the Netherlands Cancer Registry...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152572/safety-and-efficacy-of-transhepatic-and-transsplenic-access-for-endovascular-management-of-portal-vein-complications-after-liver-transplantation-1
#8
Joon-Young Ohm, Gi-Young Ko, Kyu-Bo Sung, Dong-Il Gwon, Heung-Gyu Koh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the safety and efficacy of endovascular management of the portal vein (PV) via percutaneous transsplenic access versus percutaneous transhepatic access in liver transplant recipients. METHODS: Eighteen patients who underwent endovascular management of PV via percutaneous transhepatic (n = 8) and transsplenic (n = 10) access were enrolled. Transsplenic access was chosen if the spleen was located in a normal position, the splenic vein was preserved, and the target lesion did not involve confluence of the superior mesenteric and splenic veins...
February 2, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131864/comparison-of-fine-needle-aspiration-and-fine-needle-biopsy-for-eus-guided-sampling-of-suspected-gi-stromal-tumors
#9
Abdul Hamid El Chafic, David Loren, Ali Siddiqui, Rawad Mounzer, Natalie Cosgrove, Thomas Kowalski
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Subepithelial lesions (SEL) are found in about 1% of all esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) procedures, and GI stromal tumors (GISTs) are a type of SEL commonly encountered. Although the majority of SELs are benign, GISTs have malignant potential, making a definitive diagnosis important. Currently, the criterion standard for the diagnosis of GISTs is EUS-directed fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). The definitive diagnosis of GISTs relies upon immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, which depends on enough tissue being submitted to the pathologist...
January 25, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127939/stapling-an-extracorporeal-billroth-i-anastomosis-by-the-complete-double-stapling-technique-after-laparoscopy-assisted-distal-gastrectomy
#10
Chie Tanaka, Michitaka Fujiwara, Mitsuro Kanda, Kenta Murotani, Naoki Iwata, Masamichi Hayashi, Daisuke Kobayashi, Suguru Yamada, Goro Nakayama, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Masahiko Koike, Tsutomu Fujii, Yasuhiro Kodera
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy is one of the major treatments for early stage gastric cancer, particularly in the East Asia. In this method, extracorporeal anastomosis is performed via a small laparotomy wound, but excessive tissue traction may be encountered during the anastomotic procedure. Therefore, we developed an original procedure for extracorporeal Billroth-I reconstruction: end-to-end stapling gastroduodenostomy with complete double stapling technique. This procedure aims to reduce the problems related to maneuvers through a small laparotomy...
January 27, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125355/exploring-vitamin-b12-deficiency-in-sleeve-gastrectomy-from-a-histological-study-of-a-cadaveric-stomach-and-ileum
#11
Dwaipayan Muhuri, Gyorgy M Nagy, Velma Rawlins, Lisa Sandy, Peter Bellot
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin B12 deficiency is more commonly found among patients who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) as compared to those with post-sleeve gastrectomies (SG). The major difference between SG and RYGB is that the latter greatly bypasses the stomach whereas the former simply reduces the gastric volume. PURPOSE: The aim of this article was to study the stomach and the distal ileum histologically in a cadaver with SG to explain the higher rate of incidences of vitamin B12 deficiency seen in patients post-RYGB relative to patients post-SG...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120274/advanced-gi-surgery-training-a-roadmap-for-the-future-the-white-paper-from-the-ssat-task-force-on-advanced-gi-surgery-training
#12
Matthew M Hutter, Kevin E Behrns, Nathaniel J Soper, Fabrizio Michelassi
There is the need for well-trained advanced GI surgeons. The super specialization seen in academic and large community centers may not be applicable for surgeons practicing in other settings. The pendulum that has been swinging toward narrow specialization is swinging the other way, as many trained subspecialists are having a harder time finding positions after fellowship, and if they do find a position, the majority of their practice can actually be advanced GI surgery and not exclusively their area of focused expertise...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115952/salvage-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-histologically-confirmed-macroscopic-local-relapsed-prostate-cancer-after-radical-prostatectomy
#13
David Buchser, Alfonso Gomez-Iturriaga, J Ignacio Rodriguez Melcon, Francisco Casquero, Roberto Llarena, Jon Cacicedo, Pedro Bilbao
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of the use of real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) fusion guided high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) +/- external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) in patients with histologically-proven local relapse after radical prostatectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 13 patients treated with real-time MRI-TRUS fusion HDR-BT for a local relapse of prostate cancer after radical surgery...
December 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108748/-acute-hemorrhage-in-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract
#14
M Busch, A Schneider, T Lankisch, T von Hahn
Bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a frequent and complex emergency. There are guidelines for acute medical treatment, established endoscopic treatment as well as surgical and radiological rescue procedures. Nevertheless, the mortality of the upper GI tract bleeding is high, which is due to the fact that affected patients often have serious preexisting illnesses.
January 20, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102161/orthotopic-autologous-chondrocyte-grafting-as-a-method-of-treatment-of-growth-plate-damage-in-rabbits
#15
Ryszard Tomaszewski, Łukasz Wiktor, Artur Gap
BACKGROUND: With the continuous advances in the therapy of joint cartilage injury, some of those classification systems are also being used for evaluating the quality of regenerating cartilage. Histo lo gi cal assessment of joint cartilage is a very important component in the staging of osteoarthritis and tracing therapeutic outcomes. We performed a histological assessment of regenerating growth plate in a group of New Zealand white rabbits as a component of autologous chondrocyte therapy for growth plate damage...
October 28, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100072/trial-vocal-fold-injection-predicts-thyroplasty-outcomes-in-nonparalytic-glottic-incompetence
#16
Lukas D Dumberger, Lewis Overton, Robert A Buckmire, Rupali N Shah
OBJECTIVES: Trial vocal fold injection (TVFI) may be used prior to permanent medialization when voice outcome is uncertain. We aimed to determine whether voice outcomes of TVFI are predictive of, or correlate with outcomes after type I Gore-Tex medialization thyroplasty (GMT) in patients with nonparalytic glottic incompetence (GI). METHODS: Thirty-five patients with nonparalytic GI who underwent TVFI followed by GMT were retrospectively reviewed. Change in voice-related quality of life (VRQOL) after TVFI was compared to change in VRQOL 3 to 9 months after GMT...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095614/over-the-scope-clip-closure-for-treatment-of-post-pancreaticogastrostomy-occurring-pancreatic-fistula-a-case-series
#17
Santi Mangiafico, Angelo Caruso, Raffaele Manta, Giuseppe Grande, Helga Bertani, Vincenzo Mirante, Flavia Pigò, Luigi Magnano, Mauro Manno, Rita Conigliaro
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system is a recently developed endoscopic device. In the last few years it has been successfully used for severe bleeding or deep wall lesions, or perforations of the GI tract. We hereby report a series of patients with post pancreaticogastrostomy occuring pancreatic fistula in whom OTSCs were used as endoscopic treatment. METHODS: We prospectively collected data from January 2012 to July 2015 about cases of postoperative pancreatic fistula...
January 17, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089365/gastric-bleeding-risk-following-spleen-preserving-distal-pancreatectomy-with-excision-of-the-splenic-vessels-a%C3%A2-long-term-follow-up
#18
D Louis, A Alassiri, S Kirzin, S Blaye-Felice, M Chalret du Rieu, C H Julio, E Bloom, L Ghouti, B Pradère, G Portier, N Carrère
BACKGROUND: Spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy with resection of the splenic vessels (VR-SPDP) is an effective procedure. However, hemodynamic changes in splenogastric circulation may lead to the development of gastric varices (GV) with a risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. This retrospective study aimed to assess the long-term postoperative clinical follow-up of patients and review the late postoperative abdominal computed tomography (CT) or endoscopic examination. METHODS: From 1988 to 2015, 48 consecutive VR-SPDP for benign or low-grade malignant disease were included...
January 12, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056836/a-significant-cancer-burden-and-high-mortality-of-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-in-thailand-a-nationwide-database-study
#19
Sombat Treeprasertsuk, Kittiyod Poovorawan, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Roongruedee Chaiteerakij, Kessarin Thanapirom, Pisaln Mairiang, Kookwan Sawadpanich, Kanokwan Sonsiri, Varocha Mahachai, Kamthorn Phaosawasdi
BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the burden of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) in Thailand and identify the prognostic factors for all-causes of death. METHODS: We conducted a population-based study of ICC patients admitted during 2009-2013 using the Nationwide Hospital Admission Database, the National Health Security Office (NHSO). There was an average of 1,051,146 patients/year with diagnosis of gastrointestinal diseases (GI). All patients with a diagnosis of ICC (ICD10- C221) were included from a total of 72,479 admissions from 858 hospitals...
January 5, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054738/radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-targeting-the-vein-of-marshall-in-difficult-mitral-isthmus-ablation-or-pulmonary-vein-isolation
#20
Ji Hyun Lee, Gi-Byoung Nam, Minsu Kim, You Mi Hwang, Jongmin Hwang, Jun Kim, Kee-Joon Choi, You-Ho Kim
INTRODUCTION: The ligament of Marshall may hinder the creation of mitral isthmus (MI) block or pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI) in radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to assess the benefit of RF ablation targeting the vein of Marshall (VOM) in failed cases of MI block or PVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent RF ablation targeting the VOM after failed MI ablation or left PVI using the conventional method, which included circumferential point-by-point ablation around the PV antrum and carina, or endocardial MI and epicardial distal coronary sinus (CS) ablation for MI block...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
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