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Mouth rinse performance

Carlos Eduardo Bezerra Gomes, Dhiogo Gonçalves Cavalcante, José Eduardo Girão Filho, Flávio Nogueira da Costa, Sérgio Luís da Silva Pereira
BACKGROUND: Plaque-associated gingivitis is a prevalent disease and research in its treatment using herbal agents must be encouraged to verify which would be a useful addition to the current range or chemotherapeutic treatment options. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effect of a mouth rinse containing 10% Anacardium occidentale (AO) Linn., a typical plant commonly found in the Northeast Region of Brazil, on the reduction of plaque and gingivitis in comparison to a gold-standard chemotherapeutic agent...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Joseph Kizzi, Alvin Sum, Fraser E Houston, Lawrence D Hayes
Attenuated performance during intense exercise with limited endogenous carbohydrate (CHO) is well documented. Therefore, this study examined whether caffeine (CAF) mouth rinsing would augment performance during repeated sprint cycling in participants with reduced endogenous CHO. Eight recreationally active males (aged 23 ± 2 yr, body mass 84 ± 4 kg, stature 178 ± 7 cm) participated in this randomized, single-blind, repeated-measures crossover investigation. Following familiarization, participants attended two separate evening glycogen depletion sessions...
November 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Ruth M James, Sarah Ritchie, Ian Rollo, Lewis J James
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of mouth rinsing carbohydrate at increasing concentrations on ~1 h cycle time trial performance. Eleven male cyclists completed three experimental trials, following an overnight fast. Cyclists performed a ~1 h time trial on a cycle ergometer, while rinsing their mouth for 5 s with either a 7% maltodextrin solution (CHO), 14% CHO or a taste-matched placebo (PLA) after every 12.5% of the set amount of work. Heart rate was recorded every 12.5% of the time trial, whilst RPE and GI comfort were determined every 25% of the time trial...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Bhavana Sujanamulk, Rajalakshmi Chintamaneni, Anuradha Chennupati, Prashant Nahar, Rattaiah Setty Chaluvadi, Ramakrishna Vemugunta, Meka Venkata Poorna Prabhat
INTRODUCTION: Lawsonia Inermis (LI) is a shrub cultivated throughout India. Many in vitro studies have been done on antifungal activity of LI, although none of the studies have been conducted invivo. AIM: To evaluate the antifungal efficacy of ethanolic extract of crude lawsone in comparison with listerine mouth wash in known diabetics and wearing dentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 subjects were taken and randomly divided into two groups of 30 each...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Nam Cong-Nhat Huynh, Vincent Everts, Chidchanok Leethanakul, Prasit Pavasant, Ruchanee Salingcarnboriboon Ampornaramveth
Rinsing the mouth with sodium chloride (NaCl) solution is believed to promote healthy gum and improve oral ulcer healing. Scientific evidence to support this assumption is, however, lacking. This study aims to investigate the effect and clarify underlying mechanisms of short-term rinsing with NaCl on human gingival fibroblast (hGFs) wound healing. Isolated primary hGFs and human normal oral keratinocytes (hNOKs) were rinsed with 0-7.2% NaCl for 2 min, 3 times a day. Scratch-tests, trans-well migration assays and MTT activity were performed...
2016: PloS One
Monika Prasad, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Chandrasheker Jankiram, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Vaibhav Vashishtha, Ravneet Malhi
INTRODUCTION: Dental plaque is the major etiological factor associated with the development of gingivitis. Hence, maintenance of oral hygiene is very essential. AIM: To systematically review the literature on the effects of a post toothbrushing rinsing on plaque and parameters of gingival inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed in PubMed Central and Cochrane library, embase, google scholar were searched up to February 2015 to identify appropriate studies...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Zahra Javanmardi, Parisa Salehi
Background. Elastomeric chains and NiTi coil springs are two major traction aids in orthodontic tooth movements. Force degradation occurs over time in both groups, with higher percentages in elastic chains. The effects of environmental factors and some mouth rinses on this force decay have been previously studied. No study has been performed to evaluate the effect of current popular mouth rinses such as Orthokin, Sensikin and Persica on this force degradation. Methods . Forty pieces of elastic chains consisting of 5 loops (Ortho Technology, USA) and 40 NiTi closed coil springs (3M Unitek, Germany) were divided into 4 groups: control (artificial saliva), Orthokin mouthwash, Sensikin mouthwash and Persica mouthwash...
2016: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Shruthi Eshwar, Rekha K, Vipin Jain, Supriya Manvi, Shivani Kohli, Shekhar Bhatia
INTRODUCTION: Mouthrinses have been in use for centuries as breath fresheners, medicaments, and antiseptics. Dill is said to be a good source of calcium, manganese and iron. It contains flavonoids known for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral properties. Dill can help with microbial infections in the mouth; and its anti-oxidants minimize damage caused by free radicals to the gums and teeth. Being a good source of calcium, dill also helps with bone and dental health. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of commercially available 0...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Christopher J Stevens, Kyle J M Bennett, Dean V Sculley, Robin Callister, Lee Taylor, Ben J Dascombe
The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effect of combining practical methods to cool the body on endurance running performance and physiology in the heat. Eleven trained male runners completed four randomised, pre-loaded running time trials (20 min at 70% VO2max and a 3 km time trial) on a non-motorised treadmill in the heat (33°C). Trials consisted of pre-cooling by combined cold-water immersion and ice slurry ingestion (PRE), mid-cooling by combined facial water spray and menthol mouth rinse (MID), a combination of all methods (ALL) and control (CON)...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Neil D Clarke, James R Thomas, Marion Kagka, Roger Ramsbottom, Anne Delextrat
Oral carbohydrate rinsing has been demonstrated to provide beneficial effects on exercise performance of durations of up to one hour, albeit predominately in a laboratory setting. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of different concentrations of carbohydrate solution mouth-rinse on 5 km running performance. Fifteen healthy men (n=9; mean±SD age: 42±10 years; height: 177.6±6.1 cm; body mass: 73.9±8.9 kg) and women (n=6; mean±SD age: 43±9 years; height: 166.5±4.1 cm; body mass: 65...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Simon Devenney, Kieran Collins, Marcus Shortall
The objective of this study was to identify the effects of mouth rinsing with a 6% and 16% carbohydrate solution (CHO) on time trial performance when compared to a 0% control (PLA) when in a fed state. Twelve recreationally active males underwent three trials by which they had to complete a set workload (600 ± 65 W) in a fed state. Throughout each trial, participants rinsed their mouths with a 25 ml bolus of a 0% PLA, 6% or 16% CHO (maltodextrin) for every 12.5% of work completed. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and heart rate were recorded every 12...
November 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Tuğba Nilay Kulaksız, Şükran Nazan Koşar, Suleyman Bulut, Yasemin Güzel, Marcus Elisabeth Theodorus Willems, Tahir Hazir, Hüseyin Hüsrev Turnagöl
The carbohydrate (CHO) concentration of a mouth rinsing solution might influence the CHO sensing receptors in the mouth, with consequent activation of brain regions involved in reward, motivation and regulation of motor activity. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of maltodextrin mouth rinsing with different concentrations (3%, 6% and 12%) after an overnight fast on a 20 km cycling time trial performance. Nine recreationally active, healthy males (age: 24 ± 2 years; V ˙ O 2 m a x : 47 ± 5 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) participated in this study...
2016: Nutrients
Thays Ataide-Silva, Thaysa Ghiarone, Romulo Bertuzzi, Christos George Stathis, Carol Góis Leandro, Adriano Eduardo Lima-Silva
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinse response on neuromuscular activity, fuel oxidation rates, and cycling performance with different initial levels of endogenous CHO availability. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled design, eight males completed six experimental mouth rinse trials: CHO (6.4% maltodextrin) or placebo solution in a fed state (FED), 12-h fasted state (FAST), or a combined exercise-depleted muscle glycogen and 12-h fasted state (DEP)...
September 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Ajmol Ali, Michelle Ji Yeon Yoo, Catherine Moss, Bernhard H Breier
BACKGROUND: The effect of mouth rinsing with a carbohydrate (CHO) solution on exercise performance is inconclusive with no benefits observed in the fed state. This study examined the effect of CHO mouth rinse or CHO ingestion on performance in 9 moderately trained male cyclists. METHODS: Four trials were undertaken, separated by 7 days, in a randomized, counterbalanced design. Each trial included a 90-min glycogen-reducing exercise protocol, immediately followed by a low CHO meal and subsequent overnight fast; the following morning a 1-h cycling time trial was conducted...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Sharon Stemple Hinchman, Amy Funk, Christina DeBiase, Cathryn Frere
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of ultrasonic scaling instrumentation instruction in dental hygiene programs in the U.S. Currently, there is no publication available defining a consensus of instruction for ultrasonic instrumentation. METHODS: Exempt status was received from the West Virginia University Institutional Review Board. A survey was developed with dental hygiene administrators and faculty, based on assumptions and a list of questions to be answered...
April 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Anto Jose, Muhammad Siddiqi, Matthew Cronin, Thomas S DiLauro, Mary Lynn Bosma
PURPOSE: This multicenter, randomized, parallel group study analyzed the effectiveness of an experimental oral gel, a commercially available oral rinse and a commercially available mouth spray versus water alone at relieving self-reported symptoms of dry mouth over a 28-day home use treatment period. The effects of the study treatments on dry mouth-related quality of life (QoL) were also investigated. METHODS: Eligible subjects were stratified by dry mouth severity (mild, moderate or severe) and randomized to receive one of the study treatments...
February 2016: American Journal of Dentistry
E Van der Sluijs, D E Slot, N L Hennequin-Hoenderdos, Mpc Van Leeuwen, G A Van der Weijden
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate whether there is an additional beneficial effect on dental plaque removal of rinsing the oral cavity with water before toothbrushing. METHOD: In total, 48 non-dental, systemically healthy participants ≥18 years were included in this randomized controlled clinical trial using a split-mouth design. The participants were requested to refrain from any form of oral hygiene for 48 h. First dental plaque scores (PI) were assessed full mouth...
March 28, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
B Nandlal, P Shahikumar, B S Avinash, P K Sreenivasan, R Subramanyam
OBJECTIVE: This clinical study compared the effects of an antibacterial regimen, comprising a triclosan toothpaste and a 0.075% cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) mouthrinse, on malodor, self-reported malodor, and oral hygiene measures such as dental plaque, gingivitis, and bleeding relative to brushing with a fluoride toothpaste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At baseline, 36 subjects were evaluated for malodor (9-point organoleptic scale [OLT]), dental plaque (Turesky modification of Quigley-Hein; PI), gingivitis (Lφe-Silness; GI) and bleeding (Ainamo and Bay; BI) and randomized to (1) tooth brushing with fluoride toothpaste, or (2) a regimen comprising tooth brushing with a triclosan toothpaste and mouth rinsing with CPC mouthrinse...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Patrick B Wilson
Previous review articles assessing the effects of carbohydrate ingestion during prolonged exercise have not focused on running. Given the popularity of distance running and the widespread use of carbohydrate supplements, this article reviewed evidence for carbohydrate ingestion during endurance running. Criteria for inclusion were: 1) English-language experimental studies including a performance task; 2) moderate-to-high intensity exercise >60 min (intermittent excluded); and 3) carbohydrate ingestion (mouth rinsing excluded)...
March 17, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Huizi Zhao, Norihisa Akiba, Hiroyuki Tanimoto, Taro Yoshizaki, Kaidiliya Yalikun, Shunsuke Minakuchi
The cream type of denture adhesives after use cannot be easily removed from oral mucosa and have the potential risk to change the oral flora. The effects of the temperature-responsive hydrogel Pluronic F-127 (PF) on the complex viscosity of denture adhesives were evaluated. Carboxy methylcellulose (CMC) mass fractions (1, 2, 3 and 4%) were added to 20 and 25% PF hydrogels. Complex viscosity was measured over a temperature cycle (40→10→40°C) and fixed temperature points (23 and 37°C). Adhesive strength tests were performed with 2 resin plates at 23 and 37°C...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
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