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Mouth rinse performance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904315/microbiological-assessment-of-effects-of-clinical-mouth-rinses-on-common-oral-microbes
#1
Taiji Ogawa, Mariko Honda-Ogawa, Kazunori Ikebe, Shigetada Kawabata, Yoshinobu Maeda
Dry mouth occurs frequently in aged individuals, as well as in patients who are hospitalized, receiving multiple drugs, undergoing radiation treatment to the head and neck, or wearing a removable denture prosthesis, use of mouth rinse being often an option for relief. In the present study, we performed microbiological assessments of subjects given three different commercially available mouth rinses commonly employed in clinical practice (Peptisal, Biotène, ConCool) to determine their effects. For bacterial clearance in vitro, Peptisal showed the highest level of suppression of oral indigenous bacteria found in both planktonic formations and biofilm...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862802/cytological-and-cytomorphometric-characteristics-of-buccal-mucosa-cells-from-smokeless-tobacco-users
#2
Adile Ferda Dagli, Nurhan Sahin, Zehra Bozdag, Ozlem Ucer, Ayse Nur Akatli, Gokhan Artas, İbrahim Sahin, Meltem Yardim, Semih Dalkilic, Ramazan Fazil Akkoc, Sercan Simsek, Suleyman Aydin
BACKGROUND: Use of smokeless tobacco (ST) is increasing in many communities. We investigated whether ST alters the cytological and cytomorphometric features of buccal mucosa cells. METHODS: Twenty male participants who had used Nicotiana rustica Linn.-containing ST (Maras powder) for at least 10 years, and 20 healthy male controls who did not use ST, were included in this study. After rinsing the mouth with water, samples were taken using a toothbrush from the buccal mucosa of subjects in both groups...
September 1, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858666/effect-of-alcohol-stimulation-on-salivary-pellicle-formation-on-human-tooth-enamel-surface-and-its-lubricating-performance
#3
Qihang Zeng, Liang Zheng, Jun Zhou, Heng Xiao, Jing Zheng, Zhongrong Zhou
This study was to investigate the salivary pellicle formation on the surface of human tooth enamel and its lubricating behavior under alcohol stimulation. Normal saliva and alcohol-stimulated saliva were collected from a young male volunteer after rinsing mouth with deionized water and different-concentration alcohol aqueous solution, respectively. Saliva-adsorption treatment was conducted in vitro on enamel surface to obtain salivary pellicle. Microscopic examinations and lubrication testing of salivary pellicle were performed by nanoscratch technology...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836329/the-effect-of-professional-tooth-cleaning-or-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-on-oral-halitosis-in-patients-with-periodontal-diseases-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Hcd Deutscher, Shm Derman, A G Barbe, R Seemann, M J Noack
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to give the best available evidence on the impact of professional tooth cleaning (PTC) and scaling and root planing (SRP) on oral halitosis in patients with periodontal diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three databases were screened for relevant studies. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials (CCT) were included. The primary outcome in all included studies was volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) measured by Halimeter or OralChroma and organoleptic scores as secondary outcome...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825605/effect-of-carbohydrate-caffeine-and-carbohydrate-caffeine-mouth-rinsing-on-intermittent-running-performance-in-collegiate-male-lacrosse-athletes
#5
Patrick Dolan, Kyle E Witherbee, Kimi M Peterson, Chad M Kerksick
Dolan, P, Witherbee, KE, Peterson, KM, and Kerksick, CM. Effect of carbohydrate, caffeine, and carbohydrate + caffeine mouth rinsing on intermittent running performance in collegiate male lacrosse athletes. J Strength Cond Res 31(9): 2473-2479, 2017-Recently, an interest has developed in the potential to rinse the oral cavity with key nutrients to impact various types of exercise and presumably sporting performance. Although multiple studies examining carbohydrate mouth rinsing have been completed, conflicting evidence surrounding caffeine mouth rinsing persists, and no research has explored its ability to impact high-intensity, intermittent running performance...
September 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759701/pharmacological-interventions-for-preventing-dry-mouth-and-salivary-gland-dysfunction-following-radiotherapy
#6
REVIEW
Philip Riley, Anne-Marie Glenny, Fang Hua, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Salivary gland dysfunction is an 'umbrella' term for the presence of either xerostomia (subjective sensation of dryness), or salivary gland hypofunction (reduction in saliva production). It is a predictable side effect of radiotherapy to the head and neck region, and is associated with a significant impairment of quality of life. A wide range of pharmacological interventions, with varying mechanisms of action, have been used for the prevention of radiation-induced salivary gland dysfunction...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743340/-ventilator-bundle-guided-by-context-of-jci-settings-can-effectively-reduce-the-morbidity-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#7
Lili Zhao, Lili Liu, Jing Chen, Caili Yang, Jianjian Nie, Minwei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of improving the compliance of ventilator bundle on morbidity of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) guided by context of Joint Commission International (JCI) settings, and to study the oral care efficacy of suction tube sponge brush. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. The patients who needed MV admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University from January 2013 to December 2016 were enrolled...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713766/comparative-evaluation-of-antiplaque-efficacy-between-essential-oils-with-alcohol-based-and-chlorhexidine-with-nonalcohol-based-mouthrinses
#8
Prasad Kulkarni, Dhirendra Kumar Singh, Mohamed Jalaluddin, Arnab Mandal
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the antiplaque efficacy of alcohol-based mouthwash with essential oils and nonalcohol-based chlorhexidine mouthrinse in 4 days plaque re-formation study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current research paper is double-blinded, parallel designed clinical trial that was conducted in the Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar. This included ninety dental students of Bachelor of Dental Surgery curriculum (in the age range from 20 to 24 years) Professional cleaning with scaling and polishing was carried out to acquire a zero plaque and gingival index (GI) for all ninety patients at baseline...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684960/effect-of-mouthwashes-on-solubility-and-sorption-of-restorative-composites
#9
José Pereira Leal, Jaqueline Damasceno da Silva, Rafaelle Fernanda Melão Leal, Carlos da Cunha Oliveira-Júnior, Vera Lúcia Gomes Prado, Glauber Campos Vale
OBJECTIVE: Composites sorption and solubility can be precursors of several chemical and physical processes, which lead to deleterious effects on the polymer structure. This study evaluated the effect of mouthwashes on solubility and sorption of composite resins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two specimens of each evaluated composite (Filtek Bulk Fill Flow, Opallis Flow, Durafill VS, and Filtek Z350) were prepared and randomized into seven groups for each solution (mouth rinses with and without alcohol and distilled water) and stored for seven days...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678622/carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-does-not-affect-performance-during-a-60-min-running-race-in-women
#10
Costas Chryssanthopoulos, Christos Ziaras, Tanja Oosthuyse, Ioannis Lambropoulos, Paradisis Giorgios P, Elias Zacharogiannis, Anastassios Philippou, Maria Maridaki
This study examined the effect of carbohydrate mouth rinsing on endurance running performance in women. Fifteen female recreational endurance runners, who used no oral contraceptives, ran two races of 1-h duration on an indoor track (216-m length) at 18:00 h after an 8-h fast with a 7-days interval between races, corresponding to the 3(rd)-10th day of each premenopausal runner's menstrual cycle, or any day for the postmenopausal runners. In a double-blind random order, participants rinsed their mouth with 25 ml of either a 6...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669220/effects-of-octenidine-mouth-rinse-on-apoptosis-and-necrosis-of-human-fibroblasts-and-epithelial-cells-an-in-vitro-study
#11
J Schmidt, V Zyba, K Jung, S Rinke, R Haak, R F Mausberg, D Ziebolz
This study aimed at comparing the cytotoxicity of a new octenidine mouth rinse (MR) on gingival fibroblasts and epithelial cells using different established MRs. Octenidol (OCT), Chlorhexidine 0.2% (CHX), Meridol (MER), Oral B (OB), and control (PBS only) were used. Human primary gingival fibroblasts (HGFIBs) and human primary nasal epithelial cells (HNEPCs) were cultivated in cell-specific media (2 × 10(5) cells/well) and treated with a MR or PBS for 1, 5, and 15 min. All tests were performed in duplicate and repeated 12 times...
July 3, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598402/cognitive-performance-enhancement-induced-by-caffeine-carbohydrate-and-guarana-mouth-rinsing-during-submaximal-exercise
#12
Laura Pomportes, Jeanick Brisswalter, Laurence Casini, Arnaud Hays, Karen Davranche
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of serial mouth rinsing (MR) with nutritional supplements on cognitive performance (i.e., cognitive control and time perception) during a 40-min submaximal exercise. Twenty-four participants completed 4 counterbalanced experimental sessions, during which they performed MR with either placebo (PL), carbohydrate (CHO: 1.6 g/25 mL), guarana complex (GUAc: 0.4 g/25 mL) or caffeine (CAF: 67 mg/25 mL) before and twice during exercise. The present study provided some important new insights regarding the specific changes in cognitive performance induced by nutritional supplements...
June 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581367/carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-improves-morning-high-intensity-exercise-performance
#13
Neil D Clarke, Scott Hammond, Evangelos Kornilios, Peter D Mundy
Oral carbohydrate (CHO) rinsing has been demonstrated to provide beneficial effects on exercise performance of durations of up to one hour. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of CHO mouth rinsing on morning high-intensity exercise performance. Following institutional ethical approval and familiarisation, 12 healthy males (mean ± SD age: 23 ± 3 years, height: 175.5 ± 7.4 cm, body mass: 75.4 ± 7.5 kg) participated in this study. Countermovement jump (CMJ) height, isometric mid-thigh pull peak force, 10 m sprint time and bench press and back squat repetitions to failure were assessed following CHO and placebo (PLA) rinsing or a control condition (CON)...
September 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538327/quantifying-the-effect-of-carbohydrate-mouth-rinsing-on-exercise-performance
#14
Daniel J Peart
The purpose of this study was to review the existing literature investigating carbohydrate mouth rinsing as an ergogenic aid using the effect sizes (ES) and percentage change in performance of the respective studies as outcome measures. A trivial-small average overall ES was present for the 25 studies included in the review (0.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.10-0.27). Effect sizes for the subgroups were ≥25 minutes (0.25, 95% CI = 0.14-0.36), ≤180 seconds (0.06, 95% CI = -0.03 to 0.15), resistance exercise (-0...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390201/comparative-plaque-removal-efficacy-of-a-new-powered-toothbrush-and-a-manual-toothbrush
#15
L Vorwerk, A Ghassemi, W Hooper, V Patel, J Milleman, K Milleman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the plaque removal effectiveness of a new powered toothbrush and compare it to that of a manual brush. METHODS: This examiner-blind, randomized study used a cross-over design. Sixty-two (62) qualifying subjects were randomly assigned either to the powered brush (Arm & Hammer Spinbrush™ Truly Radiant™ Clean & Fresh Battery-Powered Toothbrush), or a standard manual toothbrush (ADA Standard Manual Toothbrush) and instructed to brush at home with a standard fluoride toothpaste twice daily for two minutes during a one-week familiarization period...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359280/alcohol-free-essential-oils-containing-mouthrinse-efficacy-on-three-day-supragingival-plaque-regrowth-a-randomized-crossover-clinical-trial
#16
Enrico Marchetti, Simona Tecco, Eleonora Caterini, Fabio Casalena, Vincenzo Quinzi, Antonella Mattei, Giuseppe Marzo
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the antiplaque effects of an alcohol-free mouthrinse containing essential oils-Listerine Zero (LZ)-and an alcohol-based essential oils mouthrinse (EO+) compared with a positive control of 0.20% chlorhexidine mouthrinse (CHX) and a negative control of a placebo solution (saline), using an in vivo plaque regrowth model of three days. METHODS: The study was designed as a double-masked, randomized, crossover clinical trial, involving 21 volunteers to compare four different mouthrinses, using a three-day plaque regrowth model...
March 31, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182508/effects-of-carbohydrate-ingestion-and-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-on-repeat-sprint-performance
#17
Ben M Krings, Timothy J Peterson, Brandon D Shepherd, Matthew J McAllister, JohnEric W Smith
The purpose of this investigation was to examine to the influence of carbohydrate ingestion (CHOI) and carbohydrate mouth rinse (CHOR) on acute repeat maximal sprint performance. Fourteen healthy males (age: 21.7 ± 1.8 years, mass: 82.3 ± 12.3 kg) completed a total of five 15-s maximal repeat sprints on a cycle ergometer against 0.075 kg ・ kg(-1) body mass each separated by 4 min of active recovery. Subjects completed four experimental trials and were randomly assigned one of four treatments: (1) CHOI, (2) CHOR, (3) placebo mouth rinse (PLAR), (4) placebo ingestion (PLAI)...
June 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182503/do-glucose-and-caffeine-nasal-sprays-influence-exercise-and-or-cognitive-performance
#18
Kevin De Pauw, Bart Roelands, Jeroen Van Cutsem, Lieselot Decroix, Angelica Valente, Kim Taehee, Robert B LettanII, Andres E Carrillo, Romain Meeusen
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Since nasal sprays (NAS) containing caffeine (CAF) or glucose (GLUC) activate sensory(motor) cortices, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of CAF or GLUC-NAS on exercise and cognitive performance. METHODS: Eleven male subjects (Age: 22±2 yrs) performed a maximal cycle test, two familiarization and three experimental trials. Each trial included a 30 s Wingate test and a 30 min time-trial (TT) performance test interspersed by 15 min of rest...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169264/in-vitro-study-of-the-effect-of-an-essential-oil-and-a-delmopinol-mouth-rinse-on-dental-plaque-bacteria
#19
Henrique Soares LuIs, Luis Soares Luis, Mário Bernardo
CONTEXT: Mouthrinses are used, by many of our patients, as a complement to daily dental hygiene routine. The use of a toothbrush and an interproximal cleaning method may not be enough to control dental plaque. Essential oils and delmopinol mouth rinses are effective for the prevention of dental caries and gingivitis. To study the effect of an essential oil and a delmopinol mouth rinse on dental plaque bacteria, an in vitro study was developed. AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine the antibacterial activity of an essential oil and a delmopinol mouth rinse on Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacilli, and aerobic and anaerobic dental plaque nonspecific bacteria...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157418/whitening-efficacy-of-whitening-mouth-rinses-used-alone-or-in-conjunction-with-carbamide-peroxide-home-whitening
#20
Jbs Oliveira, R S Sarlo, E Bresciani, Tmf Caneppele
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of whitening mouth rinses on teeth previously whitened or not, exposed to food dyes. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred twenty enamel-dentin specimens, 3 mm in diameter, were obtained from bovine incisors. The specimens were stained for 14 days in staining broth. After staining, the initial color reading was performed via a spectrophotometer CM-2600d (Konica Minolta). Half of specimens were submitted to whitening (10% carbamide peroxide [CP]) for 14 days...
May 2017: Operative Dentistry
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