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anesthesia, ICU, shock sepsis

Günhan Gökahmetoğlu, Fatma Mutlu Sarıgüzel, Ayşe Nedret Koç, Orhan Behret, Selma Gökahmetoğlu, Mustafa Altay Atalay, Ferhan Elmalı, Kamil Darçın
The colonization rate of Candida spp. reaches up to 80% in patients who reside in intensive care units (ICUs) more than a week, and the mean rate of development of invasive disease is 10% in colonized patients. Since invasive candidiasis (IC) in ICU patients presents with septic shock and high mortality rate, rapid diagnosis and treatment are crucial. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between invasive infection and the determination of Candida colonization index (CI) and Candida score (CS) in patients admitted to ICU who are at high risk for IC and likely to benefit from early antifungal therapy...
July 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
S S Kulkarni, W H L Teoh, A T H Sia, S Nair
We report an exceptional case of secondary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) twenty days after cesarean delivery, resulting from a ruptured uterine artery pseudoaneurysm (UAP). The diagnosis was initially confounded by a septic shock necessitating inotropic support in the intensive care unit. Intense vaginal bleeding occurred eleven days after uterine curettage. Doppler ultrasound showed an anechoic focus in the inferior part of the uterus with turbulent flow. Bilateral internal iliac artery angiograms revealed a left uterine artery pseudoaneurysm that was successfully embolized...
2013: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
John G T Augoustides
Steroids and statins may facilitate the integration of anesthetic design with clinical outcome. Although steroids clearly benefit adult cardiac surgical patents, the evidence is weaker in pediatric cardiac surgery. Current large randomized trials of steroids likely will determine the future role of steroids in adult cardiac surgery. In the intensive care unit, steroid therapy is indicated in septic shock that is refractory to fluid and pressor therapy. Recent data, however, indicate that liberal steroid therapy for sepsis may have adverse outcome consequences...
October 2011: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Ryan Zarychanski, Alexis F Turgeon, Dean A Fergusson, Deborah J Cook, Paul Hébert, Sean M Bagshaw, Danny Monsour, Lauralyn McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is a type of colloid fluid that is commonly used for volume resuscitation of patients admitted to the intensive care unit. Data regarding the renal consequences of HES are conflicting. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of HES solutions on renal outcomes and mortality among critically ill patients requiring acute volume resuscitation. DATA SOURCES: We searched electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials and the SCOPUS database) from 1950 to 2008...
2009: Open Medicine: a Peer-reviewed, Independent, Open-access Journal
Jennifer E Hofer, Mark E Nunnally
The acutely septic patient is a multifaceted challenge for the anesthetist. Unlike most elective surgery patients, acutely septic patients have severe systemic disease before the physiologic insults of anesthesia and surgery. The decision to operate is usually informed by the urgent or emergent need to correct a severe surgical problem and weighed against the higher risks of morbidity and mortality from the procedure itself. The care of the septic patient in the intensive care unit can help guide operating room management...
March 2010: Anesthesiology Clinics
Markku Salmenperä, Heidi Eriksson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To present recent experiences and studies on the pharmacologic profile of levosimendan in the context of surgery, anesthesia and critical care. Special emphasis is on the studies that could support the use of or create novel indications for levosimendan in these patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Several controlled studies now suggest that levosimendan is efficacious in improving hemodynamics in patients after cardiac surgery. Its use as an adjunct to catecholamines instead of phosphodiesterase inhibitors can be recommended in patients with postcardiotomy heart failure and cardiogenic shock...
August 2009: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
V Blasco, M Leone, J Textoris, P Visintini, J Albanèse, C Martin
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this review are to point out the determinants of oxygen saturation of the haemoglobin of mixed venous blood (SvO(2)), to specify the correlations existing between SvO(2) and central venous saturation in superior vena cava (ScvO(2)), to determine and finally to locate the current place of venous oximetry in clinical practice. DATA SOURCES: A PubMed database research in English and French languages published until December 2006. The keywords were mixed venous blood oxygen saturation; oxygen consumption; oxygen delivery; oxygen extraction; tissue hypoxia; central venous oxygen saturation...
January 2008: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
Florence C Riché, Carole M Boutron, Patrice Valleur, Christine Berton, Marie-Josèphe Laisné, Jean-Marie Launay, Philippe Chappuis, Jacqueline Peynet, Eric Vicaut, Didier Payen, Bernard P Cholley
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic value of adrenocortical response to corticotropin in septic shock patients operated on exclusively for an intra-abdominal source of infection. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective, observational, single-center study in a surgical intensive care unit of a university hospital PATIENTS: 118 consecutive septic shock patients undergoing laparotomy or drainage for intra-abdominal infection. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Baseline cortisol (t (0)) and cortisol response to corticotropin test (Delta) were measured during the first 24 h following onset of shock...
October 2007: Intensive Care Medicine
Jay Steinberg, Jeffrey Halter, Henry Schiller, Louis Gatto, David Carney, Hsi-Ming Lee, Lorne Golub, Gary Nieman
Sepsis causes more than with 215,000 deaths per year in the United States alone. Death can be caused by multiple system organ failure, with the lung, in the form of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), often being the first organ to fail. We developed a chronic porcine model of septic shock and ARDS and hypothesized that blocking the proteases neutrophil elastase (NE) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) with the modified tetracycline, COL-3, would significantly improve morbidity in this model...
October 2005: Shock
L Laurenzi, S Natoli, F Di Filippo, A Calamaro, F Centulio, M Anzà, F Cavaliere, M E Marcelli, R Garinei, E Arcuri
The aim of this study was to evaluate the systemic and haemodynamic postoperative effects of ILP with medium-low dose of TNF alpha in patients diagnosed with primary or recurrent limb melanoma or sarcoma, and to compare the resulting toxicity with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS). A prospective study on 17 consecutive patients with primary or recurrent limb tumor (melanoma or sarcoma) subjected to ILP with escalating doses of TNF alpha (0.5-2.0mg) was carried out. Seventeen patients with primary or recurrent limb melanoma or sarcoma were subjected to ILP with escalating doses of TNF alpha...
June 2004: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
A Aouifi, V Piriou, O Bastien, P Blanc, H Bouvier, R Evans, M Célard, F Vandenesch, R Rousson, J J Lehot
OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of procalcitonin (PCT) as a marker of postoperative infection after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A prospective single institution three phase study. SETTING: University cardiac surgical intensive care unit (31 beds). PATIENTS: Phase 1: To determine the normal perioperative kinetics of PCT, 20 consecutive patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were included...
September 2000: Critical Care Medicine
C Pascual, D Bredle, W Karzai, A Meier-Hellmann, M Oberhoffer, K Reinhart
OBJECTIVE: To compare the respiratory burst of neutrophils in sepsis and control patients using lipopolysaccharide (LPS), autologous plasma, and a combination of the two. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive case study. SETTING: A 16-bed intensive care unit (ICU) in a university teaching hospital. INTERVENTIONS: None. PATIENTS: Plasma was obtained from 23 healthy patients scheduled for minor surgery immediately prior to induction of anesthesia (controls) and from 23 ICU patients within 24 h of diagnosis of sepsis or septic shock...
November 1998: Intensive Care Medicine
C Pascual, W Karzai, A Meier-Hellmann, M Oberhoffer, A Horn, D Bredle, K Reinhart
OBJECTIVE: To compare total plasma antioxidant capacity and selected individual antioxidants in patients with varying degrees of severity of sepsis. DESIGN: A prospective, observational, consecutive case study. SETTING: A 16-bed intensive care unit (ICU) in a university teaching hospital. INTERVENTIONS: None. PATIENTS: Forty-six healthy controls, ten ICU patients, nine patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), 11 septic patients, and 14 septic shock patients...
April 1998: Critical Care Medicine
F Baxter
PURPOSE: Many patients with sepsis require surgery for their management, often on an urgent or emergency basis. Anaesthetists are commonly required to manage patients with sepsis and septic shock in the operating room, past anaesthesia recovery area, and the intensive care unit. Since little has been written in the Anaesthesia literature on sepsis and septic shock, a review of this topic was considered appropriate. SOURCE: References were obtained from computerized searches on the National Library of Medicine (English language), recent review articles and personal files...
January 1997: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
W Butt, G Barker, C Walker, J Gillis, H Kilham, M Stevens
Sixty-four (48%) of 133 children with hematologic malignancy who were admitted to three pediatric ICUs died. Children who required management because of airway obstruction or after general anesthesia had the best outlook (mortality rate of 7% or less); those children who required major circulatory support or mechanical ventilation for hypoxemia did poorly (mortality rate of 84% or greater). Certain conditions in children with hematologic malignancy that require intensive care are associated with a mortality rate of approximately 75%...
August 1988: Critical Care Medicine
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