keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dopaminergic stem cells

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901191/hypoxic-culture-promotes-dopaminergic-neuronal-differentiation-of-nasal-olfactory-mucosa-mesenchymal-stem-cells-via-upregulation-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE
#1
Yi Zhuo, Lei Wang, Lite Ge, Xuan Li, Da Duan, Xiaohua Teng, Miao Jiang, Kai Liu, Ting Yuan, Pei Wu, Hao Wang, Yujia Deng, Huali Xie, Ping Chen, Ying Xia, Ming Lu
Olfactory mucosa mesenchymal stem cells (OM-MSCs) display significant clonogenic activity and may be easily propagated for Parkinson's disease therapies. Methods of inducing OM-MSCs to differentiate into dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons using olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are thus an attractive topic of research. We designed a hypoxic induction protocol to generate DAergic neurons from OM-MSCs using a physiological oxygen (O2) level of 3% and OEC-conditioned medium (OCM; HI group). The normal induction (NI) group was cultured in O2 at ambient air level (21%)...
August 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871128/synergistic-effect-of-bdnf-and-fgf2-in-efficient-generation-of-functional-dopaminergic-neurons-from-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#2
Manisha Singh, Anupama Kakkar, Rinkey Sharma, O P Kharbanda, Nitika Monga, Manish Kumar, Shantanu Chowdhary, Balram Airan, Sujata Mohanty
To understand the process of neurogenesis, generation of functional dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons from human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) is important. BDNF has been reported to be responsible for inducing neuronal maturation and functionality. Previously, we have reported the efficient generation of neurons from human bone marrow derived MSCs using FGF2 alone. We hypothesize that hMSCs from various tissues [(bone marrow (BM), adipose tissue (AD) and dental pulp (DP)], if treated with BDNF on 9(th) day of induction, alongwith FGF2 will generate functional DAergic neurons...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867345/a-pitx3-egfp-reporter-line-reveals-connectivity-of-dopamine-and-non-dopamine-neuronal-subtypes-in-grafts-generated-from-human-embryonic-stem-cells
#3
Jonathan C Niclis, Carlos W Gantner, Cameron P J Hunt, Jessica A Kauhausen, Jennifer C Durnall, John M Haynes, Colin W Pouton, Clare L Parish, Lachlan H Thompson
Development of safe and effective stem cell-based therapies for brain repair requires an in-depth understanding of the in vivo properties of neural grafts generated from human stem cells. Replacing dopamine neurons in Parkinson's disease remains one of the most anticipated applications. Here, we have used a human PITX3-EGFP embryonic stem cell line to characterize the connectivity of stem cell-derived midbrain dopamine neurons in the dopamine-depleted host brain with an unprecedented level of specificity. The results show that the major A9 and A10 subclasses of implanted dopamine neurons innervate multiple, developmentally appropriate host targets but also that the majority of graft-derived connectivity is non-dopaminergic...
September 12, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858313/human-ips-cell-derived-dopaminergic-neurons-function-in-a-primate-parkinson-s-disease-model
#4
Tetsuhiro Kikuchi, Asuka Morizane, Daisuke Doi, Hiroaki Magotani, Hirotaka Onoe, Takuya Hayashi, Hiroshi Mizuma, Sayuki Takara, Ryosuke Takahashi, Haruhisa Inoue, Satoshi Morita, Michio Yamamoto, Keisuke Okita, Masato Nakagawa, Malin Parmar, Jun Takahashi
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) are a promising source for a cell-based therapy to treat Parkinson's disease (PD), in which midbrain dopaminergic neurons progressively degenerate. However, long-term analysis of human iPS cell-derived dopaminergic neurons in primate PD models has never been performed to our knowledge. Here we show that human iPS cell-derived dopaminergic progenitor cells survived and functioned as midbrain dopaminergic neurons in a primate model of PD (Macaca fascicularis) treated with the neurotoxin MPTP...
August 30, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858290/generation-of-high-purity-human-ventral-midbrain-dopaminergic-progenitors-for-in-vitro-maturation-and-intracerebral-transplantation
#5
Sara Nolbrant, Andreas Heuer, Malin Parmar, Agnete Kirkeby
Generation of precisely patterned neural cells from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) is instrumental in developing disease models and stem cell therapies. Here, we provide a detailed 16-d protocol for obtaining high-purity ventral midbrain (VM) dopamine (DA) progenitors for intracerebral transplantation into animal models and for in vitro maturation into neurons. We have successfully transplanted such cells into the rat; however, in principle, the cells can be used for transplantation into any animal model, and the protocol is designed to also be compatible with clinical transplantation into humans...
September 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852404/umbilical-cord-an-unlimited-source-of-cells-differentiable-towards-dopaminergic-neurons
#6
REVIEW
Mahdi Eskandarian Boroujeni, Mossa Gardaneh
Cell replacement therapy utilizing mesenchymal stem cells as its main resource holds great promise for ultimate treatment of human neurological disorders. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common, chronic neurodegenerative disorder hallmarked by localized degeneration of a specific set of dopaminergic neurons within a midbrain sub-region. The specific cell type and confined location of degenerating neurons make cell replacement therapy ideal for PD treatment since it mainly requires replenishment of lost dopaminergic neurons with fresh and functional ones...
July 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852384/exploring-pre-degenerative-alterations-in-humans-using-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-dopaminergic-neurons
#7
Federica Bono, Chiara Fiorentini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831020/niche-derived-laminin-511-promotes-midbrain-dopaminergic-neuron-survival-and-differentiation-through-yap
#8
Dawei Zhang, Shanzheng Yang, Enrique M Toledo, Daniel Gyllborg, Carmen Saltó, J Carlos Villaescusa, Ernest Arenas
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder in which the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain (mDA neurons) causes progressive loss of motor control and function. Using embryonic and mDA neurons, midbrain tissue from mice, and differentiated human neural stem cells, we investigated the mechanisms controlling the survival of mDA neurons. We found that the extracellular matrix protein laminin-511 (LM511) promoted the survival and differentiation of mDA neurons. LM511 bound to integrin α3β1 and activated the transcriptional cofactor YAP...
August 22, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781993/%C3%AE-neurocircuitry-establishing-in-vitro-models-of-neurocircuits-with-human-neurons
#9
Joseph A Fantuzzo, Lidia De Filippis, Heather McGowan, Nan Yang, Yi-Han Ng, Apoorva Halikere, Jing-Jing Liu, Ronald P Hart, Marius Wernig, Jefrey D Zahn, Zhiping P Pang
Neurocircuits in the human brain govern complex behavior and involve connections from many different neuronal subtypes from different brain regions. Recent advances in stem cell biology have enabled the derivation of patient-specific human neuronal cells of various subtypes for the study of neuronal function and disease pathology. Nevertheless, one persistent challenge using these human-derived neurons is the ability to reconstruct models of human brain circuitry. To overcome this obstacle, we have developed a compartmentalized microfluidic device, which allows for spatial separation of cell bodies of different human-derived neuronal subtypes (excitatory, inhibitory and dopaminergic) but is permissive to the spreading of projecting processes...
June 2017: Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779972/critical-role-of-trpc1-in-thyroid-hormone-dependent-dopaminergic-neuron-development
#10
Chunhai Chen, Qinglong Ma, Ping Deng, Jianjing Yang, Lingling Yang, Min Lin, Zhengping Yu, Zhou Zhou
Thyroid hormones play a crucial role in midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neuron development. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we revealed that thyroid hormone treatment evokes significant calcium entry through canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels in ventral midbrain neural stem cells and this calcium signaling is essential for thyroid hormone-dependent DA neuronal differentiation. We also found that TRPC1 is the dominant TRPC channel expressed in ventral midbrain neural stem cells which responds to thyroid hormone...
August 2, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769982/nurr1-downregulation-favors-osteoblastic-differentiation-of-mscs
#11
Adriana Di Benedetto, Francesca Posa, Claudia Carbone, Stefania Cantore, Giacomina Brunetti, Matteo Centonze, Maria Grano, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Elisabetta A Cavalcanti-Adam, Giorgio Mori
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been identified in human dental tissues. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were classified within MSC family, are multipotent, can be isolated from adult teeth, and have been shown to differentiate, under particular conditions, into various cell types including osteoblasts. In this work, we investigated how the differentiation process of DPSCs toward osteoblasts is controlled. Recent literature data attributed to the nuclear receptor related 1 (NURR1), a still unclarified role in osteoblast differentiation, while NURR1 is primarily involved in dopaminergic neuron differentiation and activity...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731447/chromatin-bound-oxidized-%C3%AE-synuclein-causes-strand-breaks-in-neuronal-genomes-in-in-vitro-models-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Velmarini Vasquez, Joy Mitra, Pavana M Hegde, Arvind Pandey, Shiladitya Sengupta, Sankar Mitra, K S Rao, Muralidhar L Hegde
Alpha-synuclein (α-Syn) overexpression and misfolding/aggregation in degenerating dopaminergic neurons have long been implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD). The neurotoxicity of α-Syn is enhanced by iron (Fe) and other pro-oxidant metals, leading to generation of reactive oxygen species in PD brain. Although α-Syn is predominantly localized in presynaptic nerve terminals, a small fraction exists in neuronal nuclei. However, the functional and/or pathological role of nuclear α-Syn is unclear. Following up on our earlier report that α-Syn directly binds DNA in vitro, here we confirm the nuclear localization and chromatin association of α-Syn in neurons using proximity ligation and chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729666/expansion-of-human-midbrain-floor-plate-progenitors-from-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-increases-dopaminergic-neuron-differentiation-potential
#13
Stefania Fedele, Ginetta Collo, Katharina Behr, Josef Bischofberger, Stephan Müller, Tilo Kunath, Klaus Christensen, Anna Lisa Gündner, Martin Graf, Ravi Jagasia, Verdon Taylor
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are invaluable to study developmental processes and disease mechanisms particularly in the brain. hiPSCs can be differentiated into mature and functional dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Having robust protocols for the generation of differentiated DA neurons from pluripotent cells is a prerequisite for the use of hiPSCs to study disease mechanisms, for drug discovery, and eventually for cell replacement therapy. Here, we describe a protocol for generating and expanding large numbers of homogeneous midbrain floor plate progenitors (mFPPs) that retain efficient DA neurogenic potential over multiple passages and can be cryobanked...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725655/cell-replacement-therapy-is-the-remedial-solution-for-treating-parkinson-s-disease
#14
REVIEW
Venkatesan Dhivya, Vellingiri Balachandar
The selective degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD) has made an idol target for cell replacement therapies and other emerging surgical treatments. Certainly, by transplantation method, the therapeutic regimens such as human fetal ventral midbrain (hfVM) cells, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), human neural stem/precursor/ progenitor cells (hNSCs/hNPCs), human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), human induced neural stem cells (hiNSCs), and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have been used into DA deficient striatum...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705384/the-shedding-protease-adam17-physiology-and-pathophysiology
#15
REVIEW
Friederike Zunke, Stefan Rose-John
The disintegrin metalloprotease ADAM17 has been a matter of intense studies aiming to unravel structure, function and regulation of protease expression, maturation and activity. In this review, we summarize data on the physiological role of ADAM17 in health and disease. Here we provide an overview of ADAM17 substrates, mouse models of ADAM17-deficiencies and discuss recent findings of ADAM17 function in the immune system and central nervous system as well as in cancer. Whereas ADAM17 function in EGF-R-, in Interleukin-6 (IL-6)- and in TNFα-biology has been shown to play a decisive role in regulation of the immune system as well as cancer development, the role of ADAM17 in the central nervous system and neurodegeneration still remains elusive...
July 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689993/mapt-genetic-variation-and-neuronal-maturity-alter-isoform-expression-affecting-axonal-transport-in-ipsc-derived-dopamine-neurons
#16
Joel E Beevers, Mang Ching Lai, Emma Collins, Heather D E Booth, Federico Zambon, Laura Parkkinen, Jane Vowles, Sally A Cowley, Richard Wade-Martins, Tara M Caffrey
The H1 haplotype of the microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) locus is genetically associated with neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD), and affects gene expression and splicing. However, the functional impact on neurons of such expression differences has yet to be fully elucidated. Here, we employ extended maturation phases during differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) into mature dopaminergic neuronal cultures to obtain cultures expressing all six adult tau protein isoforms...
August 8, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685937/neuroimmunomodulatory-properties-of-dpscs-in-an-in-vitro-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Nareshwaran Gnanasegaran, Vijayendran Govindasamy, Vasudevan Mani, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
In neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, microglial cell activation is thought to contribute to their degeneration by producing neurotoxic compounds. While dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have been regarded as the next possible cell source for cell replacement therapy (CRT), their actual role when exposed in such harsh environment remains elusive. In this study, the immunomodulatory behavior of DPSCs from human subjects was investigated in a coculture system consisting of neuron and microglia which were treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine, which mimics the inflammatory conditions and contribute to degeneration of dopaminergic (DA-ergic) neurons...
September 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673772/methyl-4-phenylpyridinium-mpp-differentially-affects-monoamine-release-and-re-uptake-in-murine-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-dopaminergic-and-serotonergic-neurons
#18
Yasmina Martí, Friederike Matthaeus, Thorsten Lau, Patrick Schloss
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is known to selectively damage dopaminergic (DA) cells in the substantia nigra and to produce symptoms which are alike to those observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). Based on the similarity between MPTP-induced neurotoxicity and PD-related neuropathology, application of MPTP or its metabolite methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) was successfully established in experimental rodent models to study PD-related neurodegenerative events. MPP+ is taken up by the dopamine transporter (DAT) into DA neurons where it exerts its neurotoxic action on mitochondria by affecting complex I of the respiratory chain...
June 30, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673682/efficient-neural-differentiation-of-mouse-pluripotent-stem-cells-in-a-serum-free-medium-and-development-of-a-novel-strategy-for-enrichment-of-neural-cells
#19
Isha Verma, Zubin Rashid, Sujit K Sikdar, Polani B Seshagiri
Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) offer an excellent model to study neural development and function. Although various protocols have been developed to direct the differentiation of PSCs into desired neural cell types, many of them suffer from limitations including low efficiency, long duration of culture, and the use of expensive, labile, and undefined growth supplements. In this study, we achieved efficient differentiation of mouse PSCs to neural lineage, in the absence of exogenous molecules, by employing a serum-free culture medium containing knockout serum replacement (KSR)...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650520/immature-midbrain-dopaminergic-neurons-derived-from-floor-plate-method-improve-cell-transplantation-therapy-efficacy-for-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Lifeng Qiu, Mei-Chih Liao, Allen K Chen, Shunhui Wei, Shaoping Xie, Shaul Reuveny, Zhi Dong Zhou, Walter Hunziker, Eng King Tan, Steve K W Oh, Li Zeng
Recent reports have indicated human embryonic stem cells-derived midbrain dopamine (mDA) neurons as proper cell resources for use in Parkinson's disease (PD) therapy. Nevertheless, no detailed and systematic study has been conducted to identify which differentiation stages of mDA cells are most suitable for transplantation in PD therapy. Here, we transplanted three types of mDA cells, DA progenitors (differentiated in vitro for 16 days [D16]), immature DA neurons (D25), and DA neurons (D35), into PD mice and found that all three types of cells showed high viability and strong neuronal differentiation in vivo...
September 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
keyword
keyword
72242
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"