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GI symptom infant

Javier Molina-Infante, Carolina Gutierrez-Junquera, Edoardo Savarino, Roberto Penagini, Ines Modolell, Ottavia Bartolo, Alicia Prieto-García, Aurelio Mauro, Javier Alcedo, Antonia Perelló, Carlos Guarner-Argente, Noelia Alcaide, Ana M Vegas, Patricia Barros-García, Marianette Murzi-Pulgar, Monica Perona, Javier P Gisbert, Alfredo J Lucendo
OBJECTIVES: Rising trends in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) have been repeatedly linked to declining Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, mostly in retrospective studies. We aimed to prospectively evaluate this inverse association. METHODS: Prospective case-control study conducted in 23 centers. Children and adults naïve to eradication therapy for H. pylori were included. Cases were EoE patients, whereas controls were defined by esophageal symptoms and <5 eos/HPF on esophageal biopsies...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Samantha G Robin, Catherine Keller, Russell Zwiener, Paul E Hyman, Samuel Nurko, Miguel Saps, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Robert J Shulman, Jeffrey S Hyams, Olafur Palsson, Miranda A L van Tilburg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders in children 0-18 years old according to the newly established Rome IV diagnostic criteria as reported by parents in a representative community sample. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in which mothers (n = 1255) of children aged 0-18 years old in the US were recruited to complete an online survey about their child's GI symptoms, quality of life (QoL), and other health conditions...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Michael W Van Kalleveen, Tim de Meij, Frans B Plötz
This study was undertaken to gain insight in the clinical spectrum of paediatric coeliac disease (CD) in a Dutch teaching hospital. We retrospectively compared the frequency of CD in children with a wide spectrum of complaints with and without CD antibodies in serum and were interested if certain complaints are more pathognomonic for CD. Furthermore, we expected that over a period of 10-year incidence rates of CD would have increased and shifted towards an atypical presentation with more non-gastrointestinal symptoms with increasing age...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Eva Van Ginderdeuren, Karel Allegaert, Herbert Decaluwe, Jan Deprest, Anne Debeer, Marijke Proesmans
BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is an abnormal development of the diaphragm leading to high neonatal mortality and morbidity. Beyond the neonatal period, prospective data on overall long-term outcome in CDH survivors is scarce. In particular, for those treated with fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO), a promising new technique to increase survival chances for severe cases, the outcomes are even less documented. AIM: To prospectively document the clinical outcome of CDH at 1 year including FETO-treated infants in relation to ante- and postnatal variables...
2017: Neonatology
Amanjot Sandhu, Sharla Fast, Kari Bonnar, Ronald John Baier, Michael Narvey
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of utilizing a human milk-based human milk fortifier (HMHMF) as rescue therapy to meet nutritional requirements in very low birth weight and preterm infants demonstrating feeding intolerance to bovine-based human milk fortifier (BHMF) in the Canadian Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At two Level III NICUs in Winnipeg, MB, Canada, a rescue protocol was implemented to provide HMHMF for infants demonstrating intolerance to BHMF...
November 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Raffaele Falsaperla, Catia Romano, Piero Pavone, Giovanna Vitaliti, Qian Yuan, Nazgole Motamed-Gorji, Riccardo Lubrano
Recent literature data have given emphasis to the relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) disorders and neurologic diseases, underlying a new pathogenic pathway: The so-called "gut-brain axis." Herein, authors report a case of a 10-month-old male infant, admitted for drug-resistant epilepsy, associated with irritable behavior and GI discomfort, secondary to cow's milk protein allergy. Seizures were described by parents as upward eye movements that were mostly deviated to the right and were associated with slight extension of his neck...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Mitsuaki Kimura, Yasunori Ito, Masaki Shimomura, Hideaki Morishita, Takaaki Meguro, Yuichi Adachi, Shiro Seto
BACKGROUND: Although food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is supposed to be caused by inflammation, the role of cytokines has not yet been clarified. METHODS: To elucidate the role of cytokines in the development of symptoms and abnormal laboratory findings at an oral food challenge (OFC), changes in serum cytokine levels were analyzed for 6 OFCs in 4 patients with FPIES. The result of OFC was judged positive if any gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms (vomiting, diarrhea, or bloody stool) were induced...
July 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
Mark Safe, Wei H Chan, Steven T Leach, Lee Sutton, Kei Lui, Usha Krishnan
Gastroesophageal reflux is a common phenomenon in infants, but the differentiation between gastroesophageal reflux and gastroesophageal reflux disease can be difficult. Symptoms are non-specific and there is increasing evidence that the majority of symptoms may not be acid-related. Despite this, gastric acid inhibitors such as proton pump inhibitors are widely and increasingly used, often without objective evidence or investigations to guide treatment. Several studies have shown that these medications are ineffective at treating symptoms associated with reflux in the absence of endoscopically proven oesophagitis...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Letizia Zenzeri, Paolo Quitadamo, Renato Tambucci, Dario Ummarino, Antonio Poziello, Erasmo Miele, Annamaria Staiano
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory symptoms are a possible atypical clinical picture of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, a significant number of patients with GERD-related respiratory symptoms do not report improvement despite aggressive acid-suppressive therapy. Some of these refractory cases may be due to the recently appreciated entity of non-acid or weakly acidic reflux. The aim of our study is to assess the pH-impedance features of GER inducing airway symptoms, compared with GER inducing typical gastro-intestinal (GI) symptoms...
May 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
Jean-Christoph Caubet, Hania Szajewska, Raanan Shamir, Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn
Non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food allergic disorders (non-IgE-GI-FA) including food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), food protein-induced enteropathy (FPE), and food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP) are relatively uncommon in infants and young children, but are likely under-diagnosed. Non-IgE-GI-FA have a favorable prognosis, with majority resolving by age 3-5 years. Diagnosis relies on the recognition of symptoms pattern in FPIAP and FPIES and biopsy in FPE. Further studies are needed for a better understanding of the pathomechanism, which will lead eventually to the development of diagnostic tests and treatments...
February 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Kelly A Shaw, Jennifer G Mulle, Michael P Epstein, Judith L Fridovich-Keil
Classic galactosemia (CG) is an autosomal recessive disorder of galactose metabolism that affects approximately 1/50,000 live births in the USA. Following exposure to milk, which contains large quantities of galactose, affected infants may become seriously ill. Early identification by newborn screening with immediate dietary galactose restriction minimizes or prevents the potentially lethal acute symptoms of CG. However, more than half of individuals with CG still experience long-term complications including cognitive disability, behavioral problems, and speech impairment...
2017: JIMD Reports
Hendt P Versteegh, Stephen D Adams, Sally Boxall, David M Burge, Michael P Stanton
AIM: Antenatal detection of right-sided stomach (dextrogastria) is rare, and its significance in regards to intestinal rotation is unclear. We aimed to review all cases of antenatally-diagnosed dextrogastria in our regional fetal medicine unit over 10years. METHODS: A retrospective case-note review of patients identified from a prospectively-maintained database was performed. RESULTS: Twenty cases of antenatally-diagnosed dextrogastria were identified from 2004 to 2014...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Audra S Rouster, Aryn C Karpinski, David Silver, Javier Monagas, Paul E Hyman
OBJECTIVES: Symptom-based diagnostic criteria have improved recognition and standardization of pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). We used Rome 3 diagnostic criteria to determine the prevalence of FGIDs in pediatric gastroenterology clinic. In the process, we developed a diagnostic questionnaire for infants and toddlers. METHODS: We enrolled new patients ≤18 years referred during 19 months to a pediatric gastroenterology clinic. Subjects or parents completed a demographic survey and a the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal symptoms, Rome 3 Version (if ≥4 years, or a new infant-toddler questionnaire) before their appointment...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Alfonso R Herrera, Thomas Ludwig, Hetty Bouritius, Rocio P Rubio, Antonio Muñoz, Massimo Agosti, Gianluca Lista, Luigi T Corvaglia, Juan L P Navero
OBJECTIVES AND STUDY: Hard stools can be commonly observed in formula-fed infants, but rarely in breast fed infants. The effects on stool frequency and stool consistency of a novel infant formula were evaluated in a randomized, controlled, double-blind, multicenter, parallel-group, intervention study on gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance. The novel infant formula (FF+) combined fermented formula (Lactofidus™) with short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS, ratio 9:1, 0...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Teemu J Taipale, Kaisu Pienihäkkinen, Erika Isolauri, Jorma T Jokela, Eva M Söderling
BACKGROUND: Specific probiotic bacteria have proven to be effective in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases in early life in at-risk populations. The impact of administration of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 (BB-12) on the risk of acute infectious diseases was studied in healthy children. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 109 1-mo-old infants were assigned randomly to a probiotic group receiving a BB-12-containing tablet (n = 55) or a placebo (n = 54)...
January 2016: Pediatric Research
Laura Bayliss, Robert Carr, Obaghe Edeghere, Elizabeth Knapper, Kathy Nye, Gareth Harvey, Goutam Adak, Harsh Duggal
BACKGROUND: Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) are bacteria that cause infectious gastroenteritis and in certain settings can cause widespread infection due to secondary transmission. We describe the findings of an investigation of a school-based outbreak of VTEC in Staffordshire, England. METHODS: Outbreak investigation at a school in February 2012 after two children were diagnosed with VTEC infection. Cases were defined as pupils and staff (or their household contacts) with gastrointestinal symptoms or asymptomatic screened persons, with laboratory confirmed VTEC O157 infection (phage type 32, verocytotoxin 2) occurring on or after 1 February 2012...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health
Seiji P Yamamoto, Atsushi Kaida, Takuto Naito, Taisuke Hosaka, Yusuke Miyazato, Shin-ichi Sumimoto, Urara Kohdera, Atsushi Ono, Hideyuki Kubo, Nobuhiro Iritani
Human parechovirus (HPeV) infects humans early in life and typically causes asymptomatic or mild diseases such as gastrointestinal and respiratory illness but sometimes leads to more serious consequences in neonates and young infants. In 2014, we detected HPeV from 38 patients by real-time reverse transcription-PCR in Osaka City, Japan, and 33 HPeV strains were genotyped based on their VP1 sequences. HPeV genotype 3 (HPeV-3) was the most prevalent and accounted for 22 cases (66.7%) followed by nine HPeV-1 (27...
November 2015: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Hania Szajewska, Agata Skórka, Malgorzata Pieścik-Lech
UNLABELLED: Fermented formulas, i.e., those fermented with lactic acid-producing bacteria during the production process and not containing significant amounts of viable bacteria in the final product, are widely available in many countries. Our aim was to systematically review published evidence related to the safety and health effects of the administration of fermented infant formulas compared with standard infant formulas. The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases and major pediatric conference proceedings were searched...
November 2015: European Journal of Pediatrics
Betina Hebbelstrup Jensen, Dennis Röser, Bente Utoft Andreassen, Katharina E P Olsen, Henrik Vedel Nielsen, Bent Bjørn Roldgaard, Susanne Schjørring, Hengameh Chloé Mirsepasi-Lauridsen, Steffen L Jørgensen, Esben Munk Mortensen, Andreas Munk Petersen, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt
AIM: Diarrhoea is very common in children attending day care centres. The aim of this study was to examine certain predisposing risk factors for an association with diarrhoea, including foreign travel, treatment with antibiotics, having household pets, infant colic, bottle feeding, using a pacifier and low birthweight. METHODS: A dynamic one-year follow-up cohort study comprising 179 children from 36 day care centres was conducted from September 2009 to July 2013 in Copenhagen, Denmark...
January 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Gerd Flodgren, Antoine Rachas, Andrew J Farmer, Marco Inzitari, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine (TM) is the use of telecommunication systems to deliver health care at a distance. It has the potential to improve patient health outcomes, access to health care and reduce healthcare costs. As TM applications continue to evolve it is important to understand the impact TM might have on patients, healthcare professionals and the organisation of care. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, acceptability and costs of interactive TM as an alternative to, or in addition to, usual care (i...
September 7, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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