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Apoptosis, autophagy, caspases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927076/evidence-of-biological-activity-of-mentha-species-extracts-on-apoptotic-and-autophagic-targets-on-murine-raw264-7-and-human-u937-monocytic-cells
#1
Fatiha Brahmi, Samia Hadj-Ahmed, Amira Zarrouk, Maryem Bezine, Thomas Nury, Khodir Madani, Mohamed Chibane, Anne Vejux, Pierre Andreoletti, Lila Boulekbache-Makhlouf, Gérard Lizard
CONTEXT: Mints (Lamiaceae) are used as traditional remedies for the treatment of several diseases. Their extracts are recognized as anti-inflammatory compounds. OBJECTIVE: This study characterized the cytotoxic effects of Mentha spicata L. (MS), Mentha pulegium L. (MP) and Mentha rotundifolia (L). Huds (MR) on macrophage cells (RAW264.7; U937) and determined their impact on apoptosis and autophagy, which can play a role in controlling inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The extracts were prepared in culture medium and tested from 25 to 400 μg/mL after 24-48 h of treatment...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916883/enhanced-autophagy-in-polycystic-kidneys-of-aqp11-null-mice
#2
Yasuko Tanaka, Mayumi Watari, Tatsuya Saito, Yoshiyuki Morishita, Kenichi Ishibashi
Aquaporin-11 (AQP11) is an intracellular water channel expressed at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of the proximal tubule. Its gene disruption in mice leads to intracellular vacuole formation at one week and the subsequent development of polycystic kidneys by three weeks. As the damaged proximal tubular cells with intracellular vacuoles form cysts later, we postulated that autophagy may play a role in the cyst formation and examined autophagy activity before and after cyst development in AQP11(-/-) kidneys...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914529/agglutinin-isolated-from-arisema-heterophyllum-blume-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-a549-cells-through-inhibiting-pi3k-akt-pathway-and-inducing-er-stress
#3
Li-Xing Feng, Peng Sun, Tian Mi, Miao Liu, Wang Liu, Si Yao, Yi-Min Cao, Xiao-Lu Yu, Wan-Ying Wu, Bao-Hong Jiang, Min Yang, De-An Guo, Xuan Liu
Arisaema heterophyllum Blume is one of the three medicinal plants known as traditional Chinese medicine Rhizoma Arisaematis (RA). RA has been popularly used to treat patients with convulsions, inflammation, and cancer for a long time. However, the underlying mechanisms for RA effects are still unclear. The present study was designed to determine the cytotoxicity of agglutinin isolated from Arisema heterophyllum Blume (AHA) and explore the possible mechanisms in human non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells. AHA with purity up to 95% was isolated and purified from Arisaema heterophyllum Blume using hydrophobic interaction chromatography...
November 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904667/icaritin-induces-apoptotic-and-autophagic-cell-death-in-human-glioblastoma-cells
#4
Zhaopei Li, Xiangwen Meng, Lin Jin
BACKGROUND: GBM represents the most aggressive type of glioma which is featured by extremely aggressive invasion and destructive malignancy with a high proliferation rate. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro anti-tumor effect of icaritin in human GBM cell line U87. METHODS: The effect of icaritin on In vitro cell viability was determined by MTT assay and colony formation assay. The inducing effect of icaritin on cell cycle arrest, mitochondrial membrane potential loss, apoptosis, autophagy and intracellular ROS generation was assessed by flow cytometry...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904666/ad-hgf-improves-the-cardiac-remodeling-of-rat-following-myocardial-infarction-by-upregulating-autophagy-and-necroptosis-and-inhibiting-apoptosis
#5
Jiabao Liu, Peng Wu, Yunle Wang, Yingqiang Du, Nan A, Shuiyuan Liu, Yiming Zhang, Ningtian Zhou, Zhihui Xu, Zhijian Yang
Cell death in MI is the most critical determinant of subsequent left ventricular remodeling and heart failure. Besides apoptosis, autophagy and necroptosis have been recently found to be another two regulated cell death styles. HGF has been reported to have a protective role in MI, but its impact on the three death styles remains unclear. Thus, our study was performed to investigate the distribution of autophagy, apoptosis and necroptosis in cardiac tissues after MI and explore the role and mechanism of Ad-HGF on cardiac remodeling by regulating the three death styles...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900566/autophagy-regulates-death-of-retinal-pigment-epithelium-cells-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#6
REVIEW
Kai Kaarniranta, Paulina Tokarz, Ali Koskela, Jussi Paterno, Janusz Blasiak
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease underlined by the degradation of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells, photoreceptors, and choriocapillares, but the exact mechanism of cell death in AMD is not completely clear. This mechanism is important for prevention of and therapeutic intervention in AMD, which is a hardly curable disease. Present reports suggest that both apoptosis and pyroptosis (cell death dependent on caspase-1) as well as necroptosis (regulated necrosis dependent on the proteins RIPK3 and MLKL, caspase-independent) can be involved in the AMD-related death of RPE cells...
November 29, 2016: Cell Biology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899257/juglanin-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-human-breast-cancer-progression-via-ros-jnk-promotion
#7
Zhu-Lei Sun, Jin-Long Dong, Jiang Wu
Breast cancer is one of the most common primary malignant tumors of among women, the long-term survival of which has stagnated in the past decades. Juglanin as a natural production mainly extracted from green walnut husks of Juglans mandshurica has been defined as the functional composition among a series of compounds. It showed powerful protective effect in various diseases by inhibiting inflammation and tumor cells growth. However, the effect of juglanin on human breast cancer and the underlying mechanisms remains to be elucidated...
November 26, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895802/vitamin-c-induces-apoptosis-in-ags-cells-via-production-of-ros-of-mitochondria
#8
Jae Young Lim, Donghyun Kim, Bok Ran Kim, Jin Su Jun, Jung Sook Yeom, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Chan Hoo Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn, Seung-Chul Baik, Woo-Kon Lee, Myung-Je Cho, Kwang-Ho Rhee
It has been demonstrated that vitamin C exhibits anti-cancer activity in various tumor cell lines; however, its specific mechanism of action remains unknown. Although the diagnosis and therapy of cancer patients have markedly improved in recent years, safer and more cost-effective treatments are still required. Therefore, the present study examined the effect of vitamin C on the induction of cell death in gastric cancer and its underlying mechanism of action. It was observed that the cytotoxicity of vitamin C on the human gastric cancer cell line AGS is dependent on the apoptotic pathway, including caspase cascades, but not on the necroptotic pathway...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895725/ehhm-a-novel-phenolic-natural-product-from-livistona-chinensis-induces-autophagy-related-apoptosis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#9
Xinsheng Cheng, Feng Zhong, Kun He, Shibo Sun, Hongbo Chen, Jie Zhou
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranks the second cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. In the present study, the effects and mechanisms of a new phenolic natural product E-[6'-(5'-hydroxypentyl)tricosyl]-4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamate (EHHM) isolated from Livistona chinensis on the growth of HCC cells were investigated. It was observed that EHHM treatment significantly suppressed cell proliferation and colony formation, and induced cell apoptosis via a mitochondria-dependent caspase pathway in HepG2 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895479/cationic-pegylated-liposomes-incorporating-an-antimicrobial-peptide-tilapia-hepcidin-2-3-an-adjuvant-of-epirubicin-to-overcome-multidrug-resistance-in-cervical-cancer-cells
#10
Vivian Juang, Hsin-Pin Lee, Anya Maan-Yuh Lin, Yu-Li Lo
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been recently evaluated as a new generation of adjuvants in cancer chemotherapy. In this study, we designed PEGylated liposomes encapsulating epirubicin as an antineoplastic agent and tilapia hepcidin 2-3, an AMP, as a multidrug resistance (MDR) transporter suppressor and an apoptosis/autophagy modulator in human cervical cancer HeLa cells. Cotreatment of HeLa cells with PEGylated liposomal formulation of epirubicin and hepcidin 2-3 significantly increased the cytotoxicity of epirubicin...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894666/ouabain-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-burkitt-s-lymphoma-raji-cells
#11
Li Meng, Yanting Wen, Min Zhou, Jian Li, Ting Wang, Peipei Xu, Jian Ouyang
The steroid Na+/K+-ATPase blocker ouabain has been shown to exhibit cytotoxic effects in various tumor cell systems. This study aimed to determine the effects of ouabain on Burkitt's lymphoma Raji cells. Ouabain treatment of Raji cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner and increased the morphological changes associated with apoptosis. Additionally, increased numbers of both early and late apoptotic cells were observed by annexin V-FITC/PI flow cytometry assay. Increased levels of caspase-3 and cleaved-caspase-3, higher Bax activity and decreased expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 were detected in ouabain-treated Raji cells...
November 25, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893811/the-inhibition-of-microrna-128-on-igf-1-activating-mtor-signaling-involves-in-temozolomide-induced-glioma-cell-apoptotic-death
#12
Peng-Hsu Chen, Chia-Hsiung Cheng, Chwen-Ming Shih, Kuo-Hao Ho, Cheng-Wei Lin, Chin-Cheng Lee, Ann-Jeng Liu, Cheng-Kuei Chang, Ku-Chung Chen
Temozolomide (TMZ), an alkylating agent of the imidazotetrazine series, is a first-line chemotherapeutic drug used in the clinical therapy of glioblastoma multiforme, the most common and high-grade primary glioma in adults. Micro (mi)RNAs, which are small noncoding RNAs, post-transcriptionally regulate gene expressions and are involved in gliomagenesis. However, no studies have reported relationships between TMZ and miRNA gene regulation. We investigated TMZ-mediated miRNA profiles and its molecular mechanisms underlying the induction of glioma cell death...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890431/neuroprotective-mechanisms-of-plant-extracts-against-mptp-induced-neurotoxicity-future-applications-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
REVIEW
Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Ahmed Negida, Hussien Ahmed, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease, affecting about seven to 10 million patients worldwide. The major pathological features of PD are loss of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal pathway and accumulation of alpha-synuclein molecules, forming Lewy bodies. Until now, there is no effective cure for PD, and investigators are searching for neuroprotective strategies to stop or slow the disease progression. The MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) induced neurotoxicity of the nigrostriatal pathway has been used to initiate PD in animal models...
November 24, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889531/sirt1-protects-cardiac-cells-against-apoptosis-induced-by-zearalenone-or-its-metabolites-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-zearalenol-through-an-autophagy-dependent-pathway
#14
Intidhar Ben Salem, Manel Boussabbeh, Julie Pires Da Silva, Arnaud Guilbert, Hassen Bacha, Salwa Abid-Essefi, Christophe Lemaire
Zearalenone (ZEN) is a non-steroidal estrogenic mycotoxin produced by several species of Fusarium in cereals and agricultural products. The major ZEN metabolites are α-zearalenol (α-ZOL) and β-zearalenol (β-ZOL). In the present study, we investigated the underlying mechanism of the toxicity induced by ZEN, α-ZOL and β-ZOL in cardiac cells (H9c2). We show that treatment with ZEN or its metabolites induces the activation of the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis as characterized by an increase in ROS generation, a loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential (ΔΨm) and an activation of caspases...
November 23, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884749/celecoxib-exerts-antitumor-effects-in-hl-60-acute-leukemia-cells-and-inhibits-autophagy-by-affecting-lysosome-function
#15
Ying Lu, Xiang-Fu Liu, Ting-Rong Liu, Rui-Fang Fan, Yi-Chuan Xu, Xiang-Zhong Zhang, Ling-Ling Liu
Celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, has been demonstrated to exert antitumor activity in a variety of cancer cells. The underlying mechanism involves inhibition of cell cycle progression and induction of apoptosis. Besides, celecoxib has also been found to induce autophagy in some solid tumor cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of celecoxib on cell proliferation in HL-60 human acute leukemia cells and to explore the potential mechanism. HL-60 cells were exposed to various concentrations of celecoxib and cell viability was evaluated by the MTT assay...
November 21, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880990/neurodegeneration-and-nlrp3-inflammasome-expression-in-the-anterior-thalamus-of-sod1-g93a-als-mice
#16
Berthold Debye, Lena Schmülling, Lepu Zhou, Gabriele Rune, Cordian Beyer, Sonja Johann
Nowadays, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is considered as a multisystem disorder, characterized by a primary degeneration of motor neurons as well as neuropathological changes in non-motor regions. Neurodegeneration in subcortical areas, such as the thalamus, are believed to contribute to cognitive and behavioural abnormalities in ALS patients. In the present study, we investigated neurodegenerative changes including neuronal loss and glia pathology in the anterodorsal thalamic nucleus (AD) of SOD1(G93A) mice, a widely used animal model for ALS...
November 23, 2016: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871457/minocycline-is-effective-in-intracerebral-hemorrhage-by-inhibition-of-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#17
Zehan Wu, Xiang Zou, Wei Zhu, Ying Mao, Liang Chen, Fan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Intracerebral hemorrhage is the least treatable type of stroke and affects millions of people worldwide. Treatment for ICH varies from medicine to surgery, but the rate of mortality and mobility still remains high. Minocycline is a tetracycline antibiotic increasingly recognized for its neuroprotective potential. In earlier studies, we demonstrated that many secondary injuries caused by ICH could be significantly reduced by injection of minocycline in rat models. The following research investigates the role of minocycline in reducing brain injury...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865837/autophagy-protects-against-cholesterol-induced-apoptosis-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#18
Jiahua Wu, Feijuan Kong, Qianqian Pan, Ying Du, Jun Ye, Fenping Zheng, Hong Li, Jiaqiang Zhou
Autophagy is believed to play an important role in maintaining homeostasis in pancreatic β-cells during insulin resistance. This study investigated the role of autophagy in β-cell damage induced by cholesterol and its possible activation mechanism. Rat and mouse pancreatic β-cell lines INS-1 and βTC-6 were incubated with cholesterol alone or in combination with autophagy inhibitors E-64d/Pepstatin A or bafilomycin A1. DAPI staining, western blotting, transmission electron microscopy and immunofluorescence were conducted to assess the effects of autophagy inhibitors on cholesterol-induced apoptosis and autophagy activity...
November 16, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864279/nutrition-deficiency-promotes-apoptosis-of-cartilage-endplate-stem-cells-in-a-caspase-independent-manner-partially-through-upregulating-bnip3
#19
Zhiliang He, Luqiao Pu, Chao Yuan, Min Jia, Jian Wang
Nutrition deficiency is reported to induce apoptosis of chondrocytes and degeneration of cartilage endplate (CEP) in rabbit. Cartilage endplate stem cells (CESCs) are important for the integrity of structure and function of CEP. Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19-kDa-interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) has been reported to regulate apoptosis, autophagy, and cytoprotection. In this study, we aimed to determine whether nutrition deficiency induces apoptosis of CESCs, and whether or not the BNIP3-related pathway is activated in CESCs during nutrition deficiency...
November 17, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863407/induction-of-mitochondria-mediated-apoptosis-and-pi3k-akt-mtor-mediated-autophagy-by-aflatoxin-b2-in-hepatocytes-of-broilers
#20
Binlong Chen, Diyan Li, Miao Li, Sichen Li, Kenan Peng, Xian Shi, Lanyun Zhou, Pu Zhang, Zhongxian Xu, Huadong Yin, Yan Wang, Xiaoling Zhao
Aflatoxins have been shown to induce hepatotoxicity in animal models, but the effects of aflatoxin B2 (AFB2) on broiler hepatocytes is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of AFB2 on apoptosis and autophagy to provide an experimental basis for understanding the mechanism of aflatoxin-induced hepatotoxicity. One hundred-twenty Cobb500 broilers were allocated to four groups and exposed to 0 mg/kg, 0.2 mg/kg, 0.4 mg/kg, and 0.8 mg/kg of AFB2 per day for 21 d. AFB2 exerted potent proapoptotic and proautophagic effects on hepatocytes, with increased numbers of apoptotic and autophagic hepatocytes...
November 15, 2016: Oncotarget
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