keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Back symptoms

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910253/a-computed-tomography-guided-demonstration-of-the-unilateral-distribution-of-low-volume-epidural-injectate
#1
Semih Gungor, Rohit Aiyer
The epidural space is frequently used for placement of the epidural needle, catheter, and various pharmacological agents. The presence of structures in the epidural space such as epidural fat, venous plexus, or ligaments that may lead to uneven distribution of agents within the epidural space have been described.(1-3) Whether these structures are anatomical (such as connective tissue) or functional (due to distortions of actual anatomy secondary to injection of agents epidurally) has been disputed.(2-5) We describe our management of a patient who presented with bilateral radicular symptoms and severe low back pain...
December 2, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909807/german-validation-of-the-bidq-s-questionnaire-on-body-image-disturbance-in-idiopathic-scoliosis
#2
Mark Wetterkamp, Meinald T Thielsch, Georg Gosheger, Patrick Boertz, Jan Henrik Terheyden, Tobias L Schulte
PURPOSE: The Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire-Scoliosis (BIDQ-S) is a seven-item questionnaire inquiring into patients' worries about back shape and associated problems at school, at work, with friends or family, and whether the patients are avoiding certain activities. The aim of this study was to translate the BIDQ-S into German (G-BIDQ-S), test its reliability, and establish its convergent, divergent, concurrent, and discriminant validity. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 259 patients with idiopathic scoliosis (mean age 30...
December 1, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901240/prevalence-of-chronic-spinal-pain-and-identification-of-associated-factors-in-a-sample-of-the-population-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#3
Jidiene Dylese Presecatan Depintor, Eduardo Sawaya Botelho Bracher, Dayane Maia Costa Cabral, José Eluf-Neto
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic spinal pain, especially low-back pain and neck pain, is a leading cause of years of life with disability. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of chronic spinal pain among individuals aged 15 years or older and to identify the factors associated with it. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional epidemiological study on a sample of the population of the city of São Paulo. METHOD: Participants were selected using random probabilistic sampling and data were collected via face-to-face interviews...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900275/spinal-gout-a-review-with-case-illustration
#4
Hossein Elgafy, Xiaochen Liu, Joseph Herron
AIM: To summarize clinical presentations and treatment options of spinal gout in the literature from 2000 to 2014, and present theories for possible mechanism of spinal gout formation. METHODS: The authors reviewed 68 published cases of spinal gout, which were collected by searching "spinal gout" on PubMed from 2000 to 2014. The data were analyzed for clinical features, anatomical location of spinal gout, laboratory studies, imaging studies, and treatment choices...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898709/individual-differences-in-emotion-regulation-childhood-trauma-and-proneness-to-shame-and-guilt-in-adolescence
#5
Aurora Szentágotai-Tătar, Andrei C Miu
Dispositional shame and guilt have been associated with psychopathology and an increasing number of studies have traced this relation back to adolescence. This developmental period is thought to be characterized by maturational changes in emotion regulation, which also play an important role in vulnerability to psychopathology, but little is known about the links between emotion regulation and dispositional shame and guilt. The current study investigated the relations between individual differences in the habitual use of a wide range of emotion regulation strategies and proneness to shame and guilt in a large sample of adolescents (N = 706), aged 13 to 17 years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898491/psychosocial-factors-predict-opioid-analgesia-via-endogenous-opioid-function
#6
John W Burns, Stephen Bruehl, Christopher R France, Erik Schuster, Daria Orlowska, Asokumar Buvanendran, Melissa Chont, Rajnish K Gupta
Use of opioid analgesics for management of chronic nonmalignant pain has become common, yet there are presently no well-validated predictors of optimal opioid analgesic efficacy. We examined whether psychosocial factors (e.g. depressive symptoms) predicted changes in spontaneous low back pain following administration of opioid analgesics, and whether endogenous opioid (EO) function mediated these relationships. Participants with chronic low back pain but who were not chronic opioid users (N = 89) underwent assessment of low back pain intensity pre- and post-drug in three (counterbalanced) conditions: 1) placebo, 2) intravenous naloxone, 3) intravenous morphine...
November 18, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895851/evaluating-the-safety-efficacy-and-complications-of-electrotherapy-and-its-comparison-with-conventional-method-of-hemorrhoidectomy
#7
Payam Nikooiyan, Hamzeh Mohammadi Sardo, Bahram Poursaeidi, Motahareh Zaherara, Bijan Ahmadi
AIM: This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy, safety and complications of electrotherapy compared with conventional hemorrhoidectomy (Ferguson technique). BACKGROUND: Ferguson hemorrhoidectomy is always associated with considerable pain and postoperative complications. Still, the electrotherapy method in which the hemorrhoidal tissue is not removed may not improve critical complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed on patients with hemorrhoids referring to hospitals affiliated to the Kerman University of Medical Sciences during 2014-2015...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895769/unusual-lower-back-pain-with-monocytosis-a-case-report
#8
Sheng-Cheng Wu, Tzu-Chuan Huang, Wen-Ya Yu, Yi-Ying Wu
There are numerous causes of lower back pain. In the oncological setting, spine metastasis from a solid tumor is the most common. However, hematological disorders should also be taken into consideration. The current study presents a case of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia with the initial presentation of chronic lower back pain, followed by symptoms that included urinary retention, stool incontinence and left gum swelling, in a patient who was eventually diagnosed with granulocytic sarcoma (GS) over the sacral region...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895237/emotional-labor-links-to-depression-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-call-center-workers
#9
Hye-Jin Kim, Jina Choo
Little evidence links emotional labor to either psychological or physical health. This study determined whether the two types of emotional labor (i.e., surface vs. deep acting) were significantly associated with depressive symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal disorders in call center workers. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 274 workers recruited from a call center in Seoul, South Korea. In adjusted regression models, levels of surface, but not deep, acting were significantly and positively associated with depressive symptoms...
November 28, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893671/scoliosis-secondary-to-lumbar-osteoid-osteoma-a-case-report-of-delayed-diagnosis-and-literature-review
#10
Haiping Zhang, Xingbang Niu, Biao Wang, Simin He, Dingjun Hao
RATIONALE: Lumbar osteoid osteoma has a low incidence, which could easily lead to scoliosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: Scoliosis secondary to lumbar osteoid osteoma could be easily misdiagnosed when patients do not complain of obvious symptoms. DIAGNOSES: We reported a case of a 9-year-old boy with back deformity that was firstly diagnosed with scoliosis at the local hospital. After prescribed with orthosis, the patient experienced aggravating pain that could not be relieved with painkillers...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891433/the-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-the-institutionalized-wandering-mentally-ill-in-india
#11
Gaurav Singh, Nilima Shah, Ritambhara Mehta
INTRODUCTION: There are estimated 400,000 wandering mentally ill persons in India, found in poor physical state wandering on streets and railway stations; mainly treated either by government run Hospitals for Mental Health (HMH) or Psychiatry units of a Government Medical College (GMC). They require psychosocial rehabilitation along with treatment. AIM: To study the presentation, clinical profile and rehabilitative outcome of wandering mentally ill admitted in government psychiatric care facilities...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891373/retrospective-comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-and-in-hospital-outcomes-among-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-adults-with-acute-pyelonephritis
#12
Shailesh C Trivedi, Sanjeev R Phatak, Renu S Trivedi
INTRODUCTION: Acute Pyelonephritis (APN) is a common infection in community. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) may have different effect on clinical characteristics and outcomes of APN compared to non-diabetic individuals. AIM: To compare clinical characteristics and assess outcomes of APN patients with and without DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 122 patients with DM (n=61) and without DM (n=61) was conducted at a single, private, urban set-up from Gujarat, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888968/predictors-of-depression-among-seropositive-batswana-men-and-women-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#13
Christopher Lance Coleman
The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to describe predictors of depressive symptoms among N=70 seropositive Botswana men and women residing in Gaborne, Botswana. A demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, (CESD-D), and the SF-36 [Quality of life] were administered. The questionnaires were translated and back translated in Setswana and administered by Batswana men and women. The results of the regression analyses resulted in two calculated models. In the first Model energy/fatigue explained 46% of the variance in depressive symptoms (P=...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887936/prokineticin-2-plays-a-pivotal-role-in-psoriasis
#14
Xiaoqin He, Chuanbin Shen, Qiumin Lu, Jiong Li, Yuquan Wei, Li He, Ruizhen Bai, Jie Zheng, Ning Luan, Zhiye Zhang, Mingqiang Rong, Ren Lai
Psoriasis is histologically characterized by keratinocytes (KC) hyperproliferation, inflammation, and increased angiogenesis, but the pathological factor responsible for these symptoms is unknown. Here, a neuroendocrine peptide (prokineticin 2, PK2), is highly expressed in human and mouse psoriatic skins but no significant change in other autoimmune diseases, suggesting that PK2 is a psoriasis-specific factor. Bacterial products significantly up-regulated PK2, implying that infection induces PK2 over-expression...
October 19, 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887730/reducing-upper-airway-collapse-at-lower-continuous-positive-airway-titration-pressure
#15
Sherif Ashaat, Ahmed M Al-Jumaily
During respiration, upper airway (UA) collapse occurs when the forces generated from the negative UA pressures exceed the forces produced by the UA muscles; which leads to loose soft tissue at the back of the mouth. At predetermined titration pressure, the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) normally provides a continuous pressurized and humidified air to prevent airway collapse. However, high titration pressures are not always tolerated by patients and may lead to damaging effects including stroke symptoms for cardiovascular disease patients...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885573/poly-%C3%AE-glutamic-acid-and-poly-%C3%AE-glutamic-acid-based-nanocomplexes-enhance-type-ii-collagen-production-in-intervertebral-disc
#16
Joana C Antunes, Catarina Leite Pereira, Graciosa Q Teixeira, Ricardo V Silva, Joana Caldeira, Sibylle Grad, Raquel M Gonçalves, Mário A Barbosa
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration often leads to low back pain, which is one of the major causes of disability worldwide, affecting more than 80% of the population. Although available treatments for degenerated IVD decrease symptoms' progression, they fail to address the underlying causes and to restore native IVD properties. Poly(γ-glutamic acid) (γ-PGA) has recently been shown to support the production of chondrogenic matrix by mesenchymal stem/stromal cells. γ-PGA/chitosan (Ch) nanocomplexes (NCs) have been proposed for several biomedical applications, showing advantages compared with either polymer alone...
January 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885319/work-related-psychosocial-factors-and-mental-health-problems-associated-with-musculoskeletal-pain-in-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Tiina Freimann, Mati Pääsuke, Eda Merisalu
Background. Musculoskeletal pain is the most common cause of incapacity among nurses. This study aimed to report the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among hospital nurses and to explore the associations of work-related psychosocial factors and mental health problems with musculoskeletal pain. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among registered nurses at Tartu University Hospital during April and May 2011. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the associations between dependent and independent variables...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884878/comparison-of-3-different-types-of-spinal-arteriovenous-shunts-below-the-conus-in-clinical-presentation-radiologic-findings-and-outcomes
#18
T Hong, J E Park, F Ling, K G terBrugge, M Tymianski, H Q Zhang, T Krings
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spinal arteriovenous shunts below the conus constitute 3 types of lesions, which have previously been mainly described in case reports, given their rarity, and are sometimes misdiagnosed. The purpose of this study was to describe the features of each type and compare these types as to epidemiologic features, clinical and radiologic presentations, treatment, and outcomes in a consecutive series of 48 cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospectively collected data bases of 2 referral centers for spinal vascular lesions were retrospectively reviewed...
November 24, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884862/associations-of-occupational-standing-with-musculoskeletal-symptoms-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Pieter Coenen, Lisa Willenberg, Sharon Parry, Joyce W Shi, Lorena Romero, Diana M Blackwood, Christopher G Maher, Genevieve N Healy, David W Dunstan, Leon M Straker
OBJECTIVE: Given the high exposure to occupational standing in specific occupations, and recent initiatives to encourage intermittent standing among white-collar workers, a better understanding of the potential health consequences of occupational standing is required. We aimed to review and quantify the epidemiological evidence on associations of occupational standing with musculoskeletal symptoms. DESIGN: A systematic review was performed. Data from included articles were extracted and described, and meta-analyses conducted when data were sufficiently homogeneous...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884167/rett-syndrome-biological-pathways-leading-from-mecp2-to-disorder-phenotypes
#20
REVIEW
Friederike Ehrhart, Susan L M Coort, Elisa Cirillo, Eric Smeets, Chris T Evelo, Leopold M G Curfs
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare disease but still one of the most abundant causes for intellectual disability in females. Typical symptoms are onset at month 6-18 after normal pre- and postnatal development, loss of acquired skills and severe intellectual disability. The type and severity of symptoms are individually highly different. A single mutation in one gene, coding for methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2), is responsible for the disease. The most important action of MECP2 is regulating epigenetic imprinting and chromatin condensation, but MECP2 influences many different biological pathways on multiple levels although the molecular pathways from gene to phenotype are currently not fully understood...
November 25, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
keyword
keyword
72228
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"