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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926413/the-role-of-cognitive-content-and-cognitive-processes-in-chronic-pain-an-important-distinction
#1
Mark P Jensen, Beverly E Thorn, James Carmody, Francis J Keefe, John W Burns
Pain-related cognitive content (what people think about pain) and cognitive processes (how people think about pain; what they do with their pain-related thoughts) and their interaction are hypothesized to play distinct roles in patient function. However, questions have been raised regarding whether it is possible or practical to assess cognitive content and cognitive process as distinct domains. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which measures that appear to assess mostly pain-related cognitive content, cognitive processes, and content and process, are relatively independent from each other and contribute unique variance to the prediction of patient function...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923427/minimally-invasive-versus-open-surgery-for-lumbar-synovial-cysts
#2
Pierluigi Vergara, Christopher Yusuf Akhunbay-Fudge, Mark Robert Kotter, Rodney John Charles Laing
OBJECTIVE: Lumbar synovial cysts are relatively infrequent. Historically, these benign lesions have been treated with open excision, sometimes associated with fusion. The aim of this study is to compare Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) with Open Surgery (OS) for the treatment of lumbar synovial cysts. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients who underwent minimally invasive or open excision of lumbar synovial cysts. Clinical outcomes, recurrence rate and surgical complications were compared in the 2 groups...
September 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917188/assessing-the-factor-structure-of-the-childhood-trauma-questionnaire-and-cumulative-effect-of-abuse-and-neglect-on-mental-health-among-adolescents-in-conflict-affected-burundi
#3
Ruby Charak, J T V M de Jong, Lidewyde H Berckmoes, Herman Ndayisaba, Ria Reis
The present study aimed to examine the factor structure of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ; Bernstein & Fink, 1998), highlight rates of abuse and neglect among Burundian adolescents, compare these rates with those found in high-income nations, and examine the cumulative effect of multiple types of abuse and neglect on depression and PTSD symptoms. Participants were 231 adolescents and youth (M=14.9, SD=1.99, 58.4% female) from five provinces of Burundi, a country in Central Africa affected by war and political violence...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915212/22-cases-of-bia-alcl-awareness-and-outcome-tracking-from-the-italian-ministry-of-health
#4
Campanale Antonella, Boldrini Rosaria, Marletta Marcella
BACKGROUND: To date, 359 cases of anaplastic large cell lymphoma in women with breast implants (BIA-ALCL) worldwide have been reported out of more than 10 million implanted patients but Health Care Authorities suspect this is a possible underestimation and the limited number of cases makes it difficult to clarify its etiology. The General Directorate of Medical Devices and Pharmaceutical Services of the Italian Ministry of Health (IMoH) has examined and studied the Italian BIA-ALCL cases, and the aim of this study is to report on the knowledge and experience gained on this new emerging disease...
September 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904328/a-narrative-review-of-non-operative-treatment-especially-traditional-chinese-medicine-therapy-for-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-herniation
#5
Bo Zhang, Haidong Xu, Juntao Wang, Bin Liu, Guodong Sun
Lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH), as the main contributor to low back pain and sciatica, imposes a heavy burden on both the individual and society. Non-operative treatment or conservative treatment has proven effective in alleviation of the symptoms of LIDH and are considered to be a first-line choice for most cases. Active lifestyle, physical therapy, complementary and alternative medicine therapy or Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy, and pharmacotherapy are routinely used as effective non-operative treatment for LIDH patients...
2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904258/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-sonographers-in-china-results-from-a-national-web-based-survey
#6
Danying Zhang, Hanlin Huang
OBJECTIVES: The aims of present study were to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) among sonographers in China and to provide evidence for appropriate intervention measures to be taken. METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire was used to screen WRMSDs experienced by sonographers during the past 12 months. This questionnaire survey was created and hosted on the WeChat official account platform for sonographers. RESULTS: In the present study, 567 sonographers from 521 medical institutions completed the questionnaire...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899670/definition-pathogenesis-and-management-of-that-cursed-dyspepsia
#7
REVIEW
Pramoda Koduru, Malcolm Irani, Eamonn M M Quigley
Dyspepsia is an umbrella term used to encompass a number of symptoms thought to originate from the upper gastrointestinal tract. These symptoms are relatively non-specific; not surprisingly, therefore, a myriad of conditions may present with any one or a combination of these symptoms. Therein lies the clinician's first challenge: detecting the minority who may have a potentially life-threatening disorder, such as gastric cancer, from a population whose symptoms are, for the most part, considered functional in origin...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899433/wearable-sensors-to-predict-improvement-following-an-exercise-intervention-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#8
Dylan Kobsar, Sean T Osis, Jeffrey E Boyd, Blayne A Hettinga, Reed Ferber
BACKGROUND: Muscle strengthening exercises consistently demonstrate improvements in the pain and function of adults with knee osteoarthritis, but individual response rates can vary greatly. Identifying individuals who are more likely to respond is important in developing more efficient rehabilitation programs for knee osteoarthritis. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if pre-intervention multi-sensor accelerometer data (e.g., back, thigh, shank, foot accelerometers) and patient reported outcome measures (e...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893387/the-effect-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-frequency-therapy-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-military-service-members-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#9
Ann Marie Nayback-Beebe, Linda H Yoder, Brandon J Goff, Sonya Arzola, Christopher Weidlich
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. military, chronic low back pain is among the most frequent complaints for medical visits, lost work time, and attrition from active duty and the deployed setting by service members. PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether adjunctive treatment with pulsed electromagnetic frequency (PEMF) produced significant variability in chronic low back pain symptoms and secondary health-related quality of life, mental health and disability outcomes...
July 20, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885344/surgical-treatment-for-lumbar-hyperlordosis-after-resection-of-a-spinal-lipoma-associated-with-spina-bifida-a-case-report
#10
Tatsuya Sato, Ikuho Yonezawa, Shingo Onda, Kei Yoshikawa, Hiromitsu Takano, Yukitoshi Shimamura, Takatoshi Okuda, Kazuo Kaneko
RATIONALE: A hyperlordosis deformity of the lumbar spine is relatively rare, and surgical treatment has not been comprehensively addressed. In this case report, we describe the clinical presentation, surgical treatment, and medium-term follow-up of a patient presenting with a progressive lumbar hyperlordosis deformity after resection of a spinal lipoma associated with spina bifida. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 20-year-old woman presenting with a progressive hyperlordosis deformity of the lumbar spine associated with significant back pain (visual analog pain score of 89/100 mm), but with no neurological symptoms...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880398/association-of-incident-clinically-undiagnosed-radiographic-vertebral-fractures-with-follow-up-back-pain-symptoms-in-older-men-the-osteoporotic-fractures-in-men-mros-study
#11
Howard A Fink, Stephanie Litwack-Harrison, Kristine E Ensrud, Jian Shen, John T Schousboe, Peggy M Cawthon, Jane A Cauley, Nancy E Lane, Brent C Taylor, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Deborah M Kado, Steven R Cummings, Lynn M Marshall
Prior data in women suggest that incident clinically undiagnosed radiographic vertebral fractures (VFs) often are symptomatic, but misclassification of incident clinical VF may have biased these estimates. There are no comparable data in men. To evaluate the association of incident clinically undiagnosed radiographic VF with back pain symptoms and associated activity limitations, we used data from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study, a prospective cohort study of community-dwelling men aged ≥65 years...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867991/video-voiding-device-for-diagnosing-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-men
#12
Mehdi Shokoueinejad, Rayan Alkashgari, Hisham A Mosli, Nazeeh Alothmany, Jacob M Levin, John G Webster
We introduce a novel diagnostic Visual Voiding Device (VVD), which has the ability to visually document urinary voiding events and calculate key voiding parameters such as instantaneous flow rate. The observation of the urinary voiding process along with the instantaneous flow rate can be used to diagnose symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction (LUTD) and improve evaluation of LUTD treatments by providing subsequent follow-up documentations of voiding events after treatments. The VVD enables a patient to have a urinary voiding event in privacy while a urologist monitors, processes, and documents the event from a distance...
2017: Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865210/clinical-efficacy-of-nutraceutical-diet-for-cats-with-clinical-signs-of-cutaneus-adverse-food-reaction-cafr
#13
F Mazzeranghi, C Zanotti, A Di Cerbo, J P Verstegen, R Cocco, G Guidetti, S Canello
Food allergies and food intolerances are clinically difficult to discriminate. Most often, along with cutaneous adverse food reactions or CAFR, they are classified as adverse food reactions, whose causes are numerous, including toxic compounds. Eighteen indoor-housed domestic cats with evident clinical symptoms related to CAFR (drooling, back and neck intense itching, neck eczema, chronic conjunctivitis and stomatitis) involving skin lesions were studied. Cytological evaluations of ear, skin and gingival swabs revealed an increased turnover of keratinocytes while the oxytetracycline ELISA determination showed an unexpected high amount of oxytetracycline in all cats at the first visit...
March 1, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864916/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-the-auditory-mismatch-negativity-response-and-working-memory-performance-in-schizophrenia-a-pilot-study
#14
Danielle Impey, Ashley Baddeley, Renee Nelson, Alain Labelle, Verner Knott
Cognitive impairment has been proposed to be the core feature of schizophrenia (Sz). Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive form of brain stimulation which can improve cognitive function in healthy participants and in psychiatric patients with cognitive deficits. tDCS has been shown to improve cognition and hallucination symptoms in Sz, a disorder also associated with marked sensory processing deficits. Recent findings in healthy controls demonstrate that anodal tDCS increases auditory deviance detection, as measured by the brain-based event-related potential, mismatch negativity (MMN), which is a putative biomarker of Sz that has been proposed as a target for treatment of Sz cognition...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863296/associations-of-prolonged-standing-with-musculoskeletal-symptoms-a-systematic-review-of-laboratory-studies
#15
REVIEW
Pieter Coenen, Sharon Parry, Lisa Willenberg, Joyce W Shi, Lorena Romero, Diana M Blackwood, Genevieve N Healy, David W Dunstan, Leon M Straker
While prolonged standing has shown to be detrimentally associated with musculoskeletal symptoms, exposure limits and underlying mechanisms are not well understood. We systematically reviewed evidence from laboratory studies on musculoskeletal symptom development during prolonged (≥20min) uninterrupted standing, quantified acute dose-response associations and described underlying mechanisms. Peer-reviewed articles were systematically searched for. Data from included articles were tabulated, and dose-response associations were statistically pooled...
August 24, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852456/a-rare-diaphragmatic-hernia-with-a-delayed-presentation-of-intestinal-symptoms-following-spleno-distal-pancreatectomy-a-case-report
#16
Giancarlo Pansini, Giovanni Pascale, Ilaria Pigato, Enzo Malvicini, Dario Andreotti, Annalisa Caruso, Rocco Stano, Savino Occhionorelli
Acquired diaphragmatic hernia, non-related to trauma, is a very rare condition. It can constitute a therapeutic problem and the surgical solution is not always immediately clear. We report the case of a 73-year-old woman with a history of spleno-distal pancreatectomy for a neuroendocrine tumour performed in 2009, who came back to Emergency Room 2 years later, complaining of abdominal pain. Chest radiography and computed tomography were performed; they showed a diaphragmatic hernia with visceral migration into the thorax...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841867/yang-warming-method-in-the-treatment-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Sharad Panthi, Xirun Jing, Chenghan Gao, Tianshu Gao
BACKGROUND: Various studies have suggested the effectiveness of Chinese medicine in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). There are several principles and methods in Chinese medicine for the treatment of DPN and yang-warming method is one of them. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to review the effectiveness and safety of yang-warming method using yang-warming Chinese medicine (YCM) in the treatment of DPN. METHODS: A computer-based search of the articles from January 2001 to April 2016 with Chinese and English databases such as CNKI, CBM, Wanfang, VIP, Medline, Embase and Cochrane central register of controlled trials as well as manual search of the related articles was conducted...
August 25, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836862/impact-of-uterine-fibroid-symptoms-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-us-women-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Ahmed M Soliman, Mary Kay Margolis, Jane Castelli-Haley, Mahesh J Fuldeore, Charlotte D Owens, Karin S Coyne
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids (UF) are associated with significant health-related quality of life (HRQL) impact. This study examined the impact of UF symptoms on HRQL. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey of 18 to 49 year US women was conducted and collected demographics, UF prevalence, symptoms, and HRQL using the UFS-QOL. Descriptive statistics were used to examine the impact of symptom presence, severity, bothersomeness, and number of UF symptoms on HRQL...
August 24, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836810/a-review-of-the-literature-on-pediatric-concussions-and-return-to-learn-rtl-implications-for-rtl-policy-research-and-practice
#19
Jilian A O'Neill, Molly K Cox, Olivio J Clay, James M Johnston, Thomas A Novack, David C Schwebel, Laura E Dreer
OBJECTIVE: While reintegration of concussed youth back into sports has been increasingly studied over the past decade, a noticeably lacking yet growing body of research has begun to focus on issues surrounding return to academics or "return-to-learn" (RTL). The objective of this article was to conduct a comprehensive literature review to identify the full range of themes and gaps in the current body of RTL research. STUDY DESIGN: Researchers analyzed PubMed, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases to identify all recent (January 2000 through May 2016) empirical publications on the RTL process following youth concussions...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833988/beyond-weakness-characterization-of-pain-sensory-profile-and-conditioned-pain-modulation-in-patients-with-motor-neuron-disease-a-controlled-study
#20
L C G Lopes, R Galhardoni, V Silva, F M H Jorge, L T Yeng, D Callegaro, G Chadi, M J Teixeira, D Ciampi de Andrade
BACKGROUND: Motor neuron diseases (MND) represent a group of disorders that evolve with inexorable muscle weakness and medical management is based on symptom control. However, deeper characterization of non-motor symptoms in these patients have been rarely reported. METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to describe non-motor symptoms in MND and their impact on quality of life and functional status, with a focus on pain and sensory changes. Eighty patients (31 females, 55...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
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