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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351756/disability-due-to-knee-pain-and-somatising-tendency-in-japanese-adults
#1
Tomoko Fujii, Hiroyuki Oka, Junji Katsuhira, Juichi Tonosu, Satoshi Kasahara, Sakae Tanaka, Ko Matsudaira
BACKGROUND: Knee pain is common and related to knee osteoarthritis. However, there is a discrepancy between knee pain and radiographic osteoarthritis. In the general population, knee pain is associated with psychological and cognitive factors, which would be one explanation for the discrepancy. Limited evidence demonstrates that somatization is associated with knee pain. This study examined the association between disability due to knee pain and a high somatising tendency. METHODS: Japanese adults (aged 20-64 years) who had experienced knee pain in the past four weeks were included in this study (n = 14,695, 50% women)...
January 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349284/the-relationship-between-physical-functional-limitations-and-psychological-distress-considering-a-possible-mediating-role-of-pain-social-support-and-sense-of-mastery
#2
Ingeborg Flåten Backe, Grete Grindal Patil, Ragnhild Bang Nes, Jocelyne Clench-Aas
The aim of this study was to examine associations between selected physical functional limitations related to performing daily activities and psychological distress. We also aimed to investigate if these associations vary across age (moderation), and to explore pain, sense of mastery and social support as potential moderators and mediators. The study was based on pooled data from two rounds (2008 and 2012) of a Norwegian nationally representative cross-sectional health survey (N = 8520) including individuals aged ≥ 16 years (Age groups = 16-44 and ≥ 45 years)...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332639/genetic-and-environmental-influences-to-low-back-pain-and-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-population-based-twin-study
#3
Marina B Pinheiro, Jose J Morosoli, Lucía Colodro-Conde, Paulo H Ferreira, Juan R Ordoñana
BACKGROUND: People suffering from chronic pain are more likely to experience symptoms of depression and anxiety. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain largely unknown. In light of the moderate to large effects of genetic factors on chronic pain and depression and anxiety, we aimed to estimate the relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors to the relationship between these traits. METHODS: Using data from 2139 participants in the Murcia Twin Registry, we employed a bivariate analysis and structural equation modeling to estimate the relative influences of genetics and the environment on the covariation between low back pain and symptoms of depression and anxiety...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327605/does-change-in-isolated-lumbar-extensor-muscle-function-correlate-with-good-clinical-outcome-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-on-change-in-isolated-lumbar-extension-strength-pain-and-disability-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#4
James Steele, James Fisher, Craig Perrin, Rebecca Conway, Stewart Bruce-Low, Dave Smith
PURPOSE: Secondary analysis of data from studies utilising isolated lumbar extension exercise interventions for correlations among changes in isolated lumbar extension strength, pain, and disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies reporting isolated lumbar extension strength changes were examined for inclusion criteria including: (1) participants with chronic low back pain, (2) intervention ≥ four weeks including isolated lumbar extension exercise, (3) outcome measures including isolated lumbar extension strength, pain (Visual Analogue Scale), and disability (Oswestry Disability Index)...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321845/failure-to-define-low-back-pain-as-a-disease-or-an-episode-renders-research-on-causality-unsuitable-results-of-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Emad M Ardakani, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
Background: Causative factors may be different for the very first onset of symptoms of the 'disease' of low back pain (LBP) than for ensuing episodes that occur after a pain-free period. This differentiation hinges on a life-time absence of low back pain at first onset and short-term absence for further episodes. In this systematic review, we explored whether researchers make these distinctions when investigating the causality of LBP. Methods: A literature search of PUBMED, CINAHL, and SCOPUS databases was performed from January 2010 until September 2016 using the search terms 'low back pain' or 'back pain' and 'risk factor' or 'caus*' or 'predict*' or 'onset' or 'first-time' or 'inception' or 'incidence'...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321383/higher-incidence-of-sleep-disturbance-among-survivors-with-musculoskeletal-pain-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-prospective-study
#6
Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Yumi Sugawara, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichiro Yoshida, Yasuhito Sogi, Toshihisa Yano, Ichiro Tsuji, Eiji Itoi
Sleep disturbance is a common symptom after natural disasters. Although musculoskeletal pain also increases after natural disasters, its relation to sleep disturbance is not clear. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of musculoskeletal pain on new-onset sleep disturbance among survivors after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). A prospective cohort study was conducted with the survivors of the GEJE at two and three years after the earthquake. New-onset sleep disturbance was defined as sleep disturbance absent at two years and present at three years after the earthquake...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302540/a-chart-review-of-morbidity-patterns-among-adult-patients-attending-primary-care-setting-in-urban-odisha-india-an-international-classification-of-primary-care-experience
#7
Subhashisa Swain, Sandipana Pati, Sanghamitra Pati
Introduction: Disease burden estimations based on sound epidemiological research provide the foundation for designing health services. Patients visiting a primary care often present with symptoms and signs. Understanding the burden is crucial for developing countries including India. The project aimed to record the reasons for encounter (RFE) at primary care settings for estimating the burden at the health-care facility. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was undertaken at four urban health dispensaries of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, with the aim to explore the prevailing patterns of diseases among patients attending these facilities...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298699/menstrual-health-and-school-absenteeism-among-adolescent-girls-in-uganda-meniscus-a-feasibility-study
#8
George Miiro, Rwamahe Rutakumwa, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Kevin Nakuya, Saidat Musoke, Juliet Namakula, Suzanna Francis, Belen Torondel, Lorna J Gibson, David A Ross, Helen A Weiss
BACKGROUND: Management of menstruation can present substantial challenges to girls in low-income settings. In preparation for a menstrual hygiene intervention to reduce school absenteeism in Uganda, this study aimed to investigate menstruation management practices, barriers and facilitators, and the influence of menstruation on school absenteeism among secondary school students in a peri-urban district of Uganda. METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative studies were conducted among consenting girls and boys aged 14-17 years in four secondary schools in Entebbe sub-District, Uganda...
January 3, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290547/the-influence-of-noise-on-the-vocal-dose-in-women
#9
Alessandra Terra Vasconcelos Rabelo, Juliana Nunes Santos, Bárbara Oliveira Souza, Ana Cristina Côrtes Gama, Max de Castro Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate if noise interferes with the vocal dose in women without vocal complaints. STUDY DESIGN: This is an experimental and comparative study. METHODS: Data were collected on 27 women between 22 and 50 years of age without vocal complaints in a university classroom. Speech-language pathology evaluation was performed employing auditory-perceptual analysis and a vocal symptom questionnaire. The acoustics of the classroom were evaluated via both observation of the characteristics of the room and the quantification of background noise and reverberation time...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289374/safety-of-flibanserin-in-women-treated-with-antidepressants-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#10
Anita H Clayton, Harry A Croft, James Yuan, Louise Brown, Robert Kissling
BACKGROUND: Depression is often associated with sexual dysfunction, and pharmacologic treatment for hypoactive sexual desire disorder can be considered in women receiving treatment for depression. AIM: To evaluate the safety of flibanserin in women treated for depression with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. METHODS: In this double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, women with remitted or mild depression treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors who were not postmenopausal and were experiencing symptoms of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (ie, decreased sexual desire and related distress) received flibanserin 50 mg at bedtime (qhs) for 2 weeks and up-titrated to 100 mg qhs, flibanserin 100 mg qhs for the entire treatment period, or placebo for up to 12 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288285/stigma-in-the-context-of-pregnancy-termination-after-diagnosis-of-fetal-anomaly-associations-with-grief-trauma-and-depression
#11
Franz Hanschmidt, Julia Treml, Johanna Klingner, Holger Stepan, Anette Kersting
Termination of pregnancy after diagnosis of fetal anomaly (TOPFA) is a contested issue and stigma may negatively impact affected women's psychological reactions. This study examined the influence of perceived and internalized stigma on women's long-term adjustment to a TOPFA. One hundred forty-eight women whose TOPFA dated back 1 to 7 years responded to self-report questionnaires. The associations between perceived stigma at the time of the TOPFA, current internalized stigma and symptoms of grief, trauma and depression were modeled using multiple linear regression...
December 29, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281066/serum-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate-psychosocial-factors-and-musculoskeletal-pain-in-workers
#12
A Marinelli, A Prodi, G Pesel, F Ronchese, M Bovenzi, C Negro, F Larese Filon
Background: The serum level of dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S) has been suggested as a biological marker of stress. Aims: To assess the association between serum DHEA-S, psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal (MS) pain in university workers. Methods: The study population included voluntary workers at the scientific departments of the University of Trieste (Italy) who underwent periodical health surveillance from January 2011 to June 2012...
December 21, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280888/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-plastic-surgeons-in-the-united-states-canada-and-norway
#13
Ibrahim Khansa, Lara Khansa, Tormod S Westvik, Jamil Ahmad, Frank Lista, Jeffrey E Janis
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are more common among surgeons than among the general population. However, little is known about these types of injuries among plastic surgeons specifically. The authors' goals were to evaluate the prevalence, nature, causes, and potential solutions of these musculoskeletal injuries among plastic surgeons in three different countries: the United States, Canada, and Norway. METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to plastic surgeons in the United States, Canada, and Norway, soliciting their demographics, practice description, history of musculoskeletal issues, potential causes of these symptoms, and proposed suggestions to address these injuries...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278872/long-term-effects-of-exercise-programs-among-helicopter-pilots-with-flying-related-lbp
#14
Knut Andersen, Roald Baardsen, Ingvild Dalen, Jan Petter Larsen
BACKGROUND: Flying related transient Low Back Pain (LBP) among helicopter pilots is considered an occupational distress. OBJECTIVE: To examine if exercise programs can alleviate transient LBP. METHODS: Sixty-five helicopter pilots (92% males), all reporting flying related LBP, responded to an epidemiological survey and a long-term follow-up, 44.8 months later, comprising questions regarding transient LBP and number of sick leaves. Data from 37 pilots participating in two exercise programs, A; general for LBP, B; focused for lumbar trunk (LT), included information from clinical examinations and muscular endurance tests of the LT before and after intervention...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273959/epidural-venous-thrombosis-as-differential-diagnosis-in-back-pain-patients
#15
REVIEW
Stephanie Eva Köcher, Erich Hofmann
Epidural venous thrombosis is a rare clinical entity with a characteristic constellation of findings in contrast-enhanced MRI, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis in the case of clinical symptoms that are initially indicative of disc herniation. The most important distinctive feature between epidural venous thrombosis and disc herniation is their topographical location in relation to the vertebral venous plexus. Particularly where morphological imaging shows a space-occupying lesion in close proximity to the internal vertebral venous plexus and a central contrast medium defect, epidural venous thrombosis should be taken into consideration...
December 22, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260294/fatty-filum-terminale-fft-as-a-secondary-tethering-element-in-children-with-closed-spinal-dysraphism
#16
Ankush Gupta, Vedantam Rajshekhar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of FFT as an additional tethering element in children operated for closed spinal dysraphism, where FFT was not the primary tethering pathology. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 195 children (< 18 years of age) who underwent surgery for closed spinal dysraphism and did not have FFT as the primary diagnosis. All patients were operated during the period 2005-2017 by a single surgeon. The commonest diagnosis was a lipomyelomeningocele (LMMC, n = 81, 41...
December 19, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249272/successful-spinal-anaesthesia-in-a-patient-with-a-tarlov-cyst
#17
N Pfund, A Oh, A Cyna
Perineural (Tarlov) cysts are cerebrospinal fluid-containing perineural sacs that are usually located in the sacral spine. While often asymptomatic, they can cause progressive neurological symptoms including pain, paraesthesia and weakness. We present a case of a 24-year-old patient who had uneventful spinal anaesthesia at the L3-4 level for an elective caesarean section. Prior to her procedure, she had reported a two-year history of intermittent back pain and lower-limb paraesthesia, secondary to an S1 segment perineural cyst...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247398/the-impact-of-low-back-pain-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-old-age-results-from-a-survey-of-a-large-sample-of-swiss-elders-living-in-the-community
#18
C Ludwig, C Luthy, A F Allaz, F R Herrmann, C Cedraschi
PURPOSE: The present study aims at investigating the effects of low back pain (LBP), i.e., type of symptoms, activity limitations, frequency, duration, and severity on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a sample of 707 community-dwelling men and women aged ≥ 65 years living in Switzerland. METHODS: The study is part of a larger survey conducted in Switzerland on a sample of older adults selected randomly from population records, stratified by age and sex...
December 15, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246253/prevalence-and-pattern-of-co-occurring-musculoskeletal-pain-and-its-association-with-back-related-disability-among-people-with-persistent-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Cecilie K Overaas, Melker S Johansson, Tarcisio F de Campos, Manuela L Ferreira, Bard Natvig, Paul J Mork, Jan Hartvigsen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with persistent low back pain commonly have a broad range of other health concerns including co-occurring musculoskeletal pain, which significantly affect their quality of life, symptom severity, and treatment outcomes. The purpose of this review is to get a better understanding of prevalence and patterns of co-occurring musculoskeletal pain complaints in those with persistent low back pain and its potential association with age, sex, and back-related disability as it might affect prognosis and management...
December 16, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245233/clinical-outcome-and-surgical-strategies-for-late-post-traumatic-kyphosis-after-failed-thoracolumbar-fracture-operation-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Suyun Li, Zhi Li, Wenbin Hua, Kun Wang, Shuai Li, Yunkun Zhang, Zhewei Ye, Zengwu Shao, Xinghuo Wu, Cao Yang
RATIONALE: Thoracic-lumbar vertebral fracture is very common in clinic, and late post-traumatic kyphosis is the main cause closely related to the patients' life quality, which has evocated extensive concern for the surgical treatment of the disease. This study aimed to analyze the clinical outcomes and surgical strategies for late post-traumatic kyphosis after failed thoracolumbar fracture operation. PATIENT CONCERNS: All patients presented back pain with kyphotic apex vertebrae between T12 and L3...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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