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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770528/pain-one-week-after-an-ed-visit-for-acute-low-back-pain-is-associated-with-poor-three-month-outcomes
#1
Benjamin W Friedman, John Conway, Caron Campbell, Polly E Bijur, E John Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is responsible for more than 2.5 million visits to US emergency departments (EDs) annually. Nearly 30% of patients who present to an ED with acute LBP report functional impairment or pain three months later. These patients are at risk of chronic LBP, a highly debilitating condition. In this study, we assessed whether three variables assessable shortly after symptom onset could independently predict poor three-month outcomes among LBP patients who present to an ED...
May 16, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758392/effects-of-mindfulness-and-psychoeducation-on-working-memory-in-adult-adhd-a-randomised-controlled-fmri-study
#2
Katharina Bachmann, Alexandra P Lam, Peter Sörös, Manuela Kanat, Eliza Hoxhaj, Swantje Matthies, Bernd Feige, Helge Müller, Jale Özyurt, Christiane M Thiel, Alexandra Philipsen
Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a serious mental disorder associated with impaired neurocognitive performance related to working memory function. Recent clinical trials have suggested that mindfulness is a promising intervention in adults with ADHD. We performed a randomised controlled clinical trial to investigate working memory (WM) with an n-back task in adults with ADHD during fMRI before and after an 8-week mindfulness intervention (MAP) compared with psychoeducation (PE). ADHD symptoms were assessed using the self- and observer-rated Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS)...
May 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747293/-epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-109-patients-with-crayfish-related-rhabdomyolysis
#3
Z F Hu, C S Xu, S L Ma, W W Liu
A total of 109 in patients with crayfish-related rhabdomyolysis were enrolled in our hospital from July to August 2016,including 31.2%(34/109)males and 68.8% (75/109)females.The number of home-cooked crayfish accounted for 60.6% (66/109). Main symptom was back pain 96.3% (105/109). The misdiagnosis rate was 15.6% (17/109). On day 1, 2, 3 after admission and the day before discharge,serum creatine kinase were 1 175(446, 2 258)IU/L,3 710(2 137, 8 875)IU/L,1 899(1 063, 4 595)IU/L and 317(152, 532)IU/L,respectively( P <0...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745525/-quantitative-assessment-of-motor-function-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-using-wearable-sensors
#4
Tianyu Shen, Jiping Wang, Liquan Guo, Qifan Bai, Huijun Zhang, Shouyan Wang, Daxi Xiong
Motor dysfunction is the main clinical symptom and diagnosis basis of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). A total of 30 subjects were recruited in this study, including 15 PD patients (PD group) and 15 healthy subjects (control group). Then 5 wearable inertial sensor nodes were worn on the bilateral upper limbs, lower limbs and waist of subjects. When completing the 6 paradigm tasks, the acceleration and angular velocity signals from different parts of the body were acquired and analyzed to obtain 20 quantitative parameters which contain information about the amplitude, frequency, and fatigue degree of movements to assess the motor function...
April 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742270/presenteeism-and-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-nursing-professionals
#5
Heloisa Ehmke Cardoso Dos Santos, Maria Helena Palucci Marziale, Vanda Elisa Andres Felli
OBJECTIVE: to identify the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in two stages (before and after six months of the first stage) and its association with presenteeism among nursing professionals. METHOD: longitudinal study with quantitative data conducted in a Brazilian teaching hospital with 211 nursing professionals. The instruments used for data collection were: Cultural and Psychosocial Influences on Disability - CUPID Questionnaire, used to identify the musculoskeletal symptoms and the Stanford Presenteeism Scale, used to verify presenteeism...
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741795/characteristics-of-perceived-electromagnetic-hypersensitivity-in-the-general-population
#6
Michael J Gruber, Eva Palmquist, Steven Nordin
Health problems evoked in the presence of electrical equipment is a concern, calling for better understanding for characteristics of electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) in the general population. The present study investigated demographics, lifestyle factors, frequency and duration, coping strategies, proportion meeting clinical criteria for intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and comorbidity. Using data from a large-scale population-based questionnaire study, we investigated persons with self-reported (n = 91) EHS in comparison to referents (n = 3,250)...
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740298/working-memory-updating-training-improves-mathematics-performance-in-middle-school-students-with-learning-difficulties
#7
Hongxia Zhang, Lei Chang, Xiaoying Chen, Liang Ma, Renlai Zhou
Working memory (WM) deficit is considered the key cause of learning difficulties (LDs). Studies have shown that WM is plastic and thus can be improved through training. This positive effect is transferable to fluid intelligence and academic performance. This study investigated whether WM updating ability and academic performance in children with LDs could be improved through WM updating training and explored the effects of this training on the children's brain activity. We used a running memory task lasting approximately 40 min per day for 28 days to train a group of 23 children with LDs (TLDs group)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739371/effectiveness-of-three-interventions-for-secondary-prevention-of-low-back-pain-in-the-occupational-health-setting-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-a-natural-course-control
#8
J Rantonen, J Karppinen, A Vehtari, S Luoto, E Viikari-Juntura, M Hupli, A Malmivaara, S Taimela
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effectiveness of three interventions that were aimed to reduce non-acute low back pain (LBP) related symptoms in the occupational health setting. METHODS: Based on a survey (n = 2480; response rate 71%) on LBP, we selected a cohort of 193 employees who reported moderate LBP (Visual Analogue Scale VAS > 34 mm) and fulfilled at least one of the following criteria during the past 12 months: sciatica, recurrence of LBP ≥ 2 times, LBP ≥ 2 weeks, or previous sickness absence...
May 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736619/-the-german-version-of-the-bath-body-perception-disturbance-scale-bbpds-d-translation-cultural-adaptation-and-linguistic-validation-on-patients-with-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#9
M Tschopp, J Swanenburg, M W Wertli, A Langenfeld, C S McCabe, J Lewis, E Baertschi, F Brunner
BACKGROUND: Besides the classical clinical manifestations, body perception disturbances are common among patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). The Bath Body Perception Disturbance Scale (BBPDS) represents a useful tool to assess these changes in CRPS patients; however, to date no validated German version is available. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate the BBPDS into German, to perform a cross-cultural adaptation and linguistic validation in patients with acute (symptoms <3 months) and stable (symptoms ≥3 months) CRPS...
May 7, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733032/reducing-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-through-implementation-of-kiken-yochi-training-intervention-approach
#10
Noor Afifah Ya'acob, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Irniza Rasdi, Anita Abd Rahman, Suriani Ismail
BACKGROUND: Work tasks in pineapple plantations in Malaysia are characterised by non-ergonomic work postures, repetitive tasks, awkward posture and manual handling of work tools that contribute to the reporting of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS). There have been very limited studies performed among pineapple plantation workers focusing on ergonomic intervention programs to specifically reduce MSS. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of work improvement module using a Kiken Yochi participatory approach intervention in reducing MSS among male migrant pineapple farm plantation workers in Pontian, Johor...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730458/annular-closure-in-lumbar-microdiskectomy-for-prevention-of-reherniation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Claudius Thomé, Peter Douglas Klassen, Gerrit J Bouma, Adisa Kursumovic, Javier Fandino, Martin Barth, Mark Arts, Wimar van den Brink, Richard Bostelmann, Aldemar Hegewald, Volkmar Heidecke, Peter Vajkoczy, Susanne Fröhlich, Jasper Wolfs, Richard Assaker, Erik Van de Kelft, Hans-Peter Köhler, Senol Jadik, Sandro Eustacchio, Robert Hes, Frederic Martens
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Patients with large annular defects following lumbar diskectomy for disk herniation are at high risk for symptomatic recurrence and reoperation. PURPOSE: To determine whether a bone-anchored annular closure device in addition to lumbar microdiskectomy resulted in lower reherniation and reoperation rates plus increased overall success compared to lumbar microdiskectomy alone. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized superiority study...
May 3, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718065/use-of-multiple-data-sources-for-surveillance-of-work-related-chronic-low-back-pain-and-disc-related-sciatica-in-a-french-region
#12
Natacha Fouquet, Julie Bodin, Emilie Chazelle, Alexis Descatha, Yves Roquelaure
Objectives: To compare the data of the French workers' compensation system (WCS) and three surveillance networks, and to determine the possibility of identifying the industry sectors most in need of programs for prevention of low-back pain (LBP). Methods: This study compared four databases and two types of indicators in a west central region of France: • surveillance of musculoskeletal symptoms in the working population [LBP and disc-related sciatica (DRS) indicators; Cosali study] • surveillance of uncompensated work-related diseases (LBP and DRS indicators) • surveillance of lumbar disc surgery (LDS) in the general population (DRS indicator) • French WCS (disc herniation with radiculopathy caused by vibration or handling of materials; DRS indicator) People aged 20-59 were studied...
April 27, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714437/the-association-of-neuropathic-pain-and-disease-activity-functional-level-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Duygu Geler-Külcü, Sevilay Batıbay, Gülcan Öztürk, Nilgün Mesci
Background/aim: Increased neuropathic pain (NP) symptoms are seen in rheumatologic diseases such as fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, but no studies have demonstrated a relationship between ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and NP except for a brain imaging study. The aim of this study was to estimate the presence of NP in patients with AS and to investigate how NP was related to disease activity, functional status, and quality of life. Materials and methods: A total of 100 AS patients (71 males and 29 females; median age: 37 years, range: 18–71 years) were included in the study...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713968/association-of-neuropathic-like-pain-characteristics-with-clinical-and-radiographic-features-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#14
Jung-Hye Choi, Sang-Heon Lee, Hae-Rim Kim, Kyung-Ann Lee
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic, progressive, and inflammatory disorder and causes chronic back pain. It is not unusual for patients with AS to have symptoms similar to neuropathic pain. We aimed to investigate the neuropathic pain (NeP) component in patients with AS using the painDETECT questionnaire (PD-Q) and to assess the relation between NeP and the disease characteristics of AS. A single-center prospective study was performed, including 105 patients. Patients with AS completed three questionnaires: PD-Q, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Euro Quality of Life (EQ-5D) questionnaires...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710099/effect-of-pain-neuroscience-education-combined-with-cognition-targeted-motor-control-training-on-chronic-spinal-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Iris Coppieters, Robby De Pauw, Mira Meeus, Nathalie Roussel, Barbara Cagnie, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs
Importance: Effective treatments for chronic spinal pain are essential to reduce the related high personal and socioeconomic costs. Objective: To compare pain neuroscience education combined with cognition-targeted motor control training with current best-evidence physiotherapy for reducing pain and improving functionality, gray matter morphologic features, and pain cognitions in individuals with chronic spinal pain. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted from January 1, 2014, to January 30, 2017, among 120 patients with chronic nonspecific spinal pain in 2 outpatient hospitals with follow-up at 3, 6, and 12 months...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703017/osteochondroma-of-ventral-scapula-associated-with-chest-pain-due-to-rib-cage-compression-a-case-report
#16
Dong-Il Chun, Jae-Ho Cho, In Ho Choi, Young Yi, Jun Yong Kim, Jae Heon Kim, Sung Hun Won
RATIONALE: The scapula is relatively rare site for osteochondroma. Scapula osteochondroma is usually asymptomatic, however it may present with features such as pseudowinging, snapping scapula, bursa formation, chronic pain, and cosmetic deformities. To our best knowledge, this is the first report in the English literature about osteochondroma of ventral scapula associated with chest pain due to rib cage compression. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 14-year-old boy was transferred to the orthopedic clinic from thoracic surgery department with a complaint of intermittent, dull, and diffuse aching pain around left chest wall and back from the past 2 months...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698577/fatigue-pain-and-other-physical-symptoms-of-living-liver-donors-in-the-adult-to-adult-living-donor-liver-transplantation-cohort-study-a2all-2
#17
Zeeshan Butt, Andrea F DiMartini, Qian Liu, Mary Ann Simpson, Abigail R Smith, Jarcy Zee, Brenda W Gillespie, Susan Holtzman, Daniela Ladner, Kim Olthoff, Robert A Fisher, Silvia Hafliger, Chris E Freise, Mercedes Susan Mandell, Averell H Sherker, Mary Amanda Dew
BACKGROUND: Little is known about living liver donors' perceptions of their physical well-being following the procedure. METHODS: We collected data on donor fatigue, pain, and other relevant physical outcomes as part of the prospective, multi-center Adult-to-Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation Cohort Study (A2ALL-2) Consortium. A total of 271 (91%) of 297 eligible donors were interviewed at least once at pre-donation and 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after donation using validated measures, when available...
April 26, 2018: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698013/disclosure-and-holding-back-communication-psychological-adjustment-and-marital-satisfaction-among-couples-coping-with-osteoarthritis
#18
Ruixue Zhaoyang, Lynn M Martire, Ashley M Stanford
This study examined two types of illness-related communication (disclosure and holding back) and their associations with psychological adjustment and marital satisfaction in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and their spouses. A sample of 142 couples reported on disclosure and holding back of OA-related concerns, marital satisfaction, and depressive symptoms at two time points across 1 year. Results from dyadic analyses indicated that holding back was associated with decreases in one's own marital satisfaction for patients and spouses and increases in one's own depressive symptoms for spouses over 1 year...
April 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690544/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-workstyle-short-form-among-nursing-assistants-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms
#19
Kin Cheung, Shirley S Y Ching, Ka Yan Ma, Grace Szeto
The Workstyle Short Form (24 items) (WSF-24) has been tested for its psychometric properties on work-related upper-extremity musculoskeletal symptoms (WRUEMSs) among office workers. However, the impact of workstyle should not only be limited to WRUEMSs and the sedentary workforce. The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the modified 24-item Chinese WSF (C-WSF-24) to identify work-related musculoskeletal symptoms (WRMSs) in various body parts among nursing assistants (NAs) working in nursing homes...
April 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686480/physical-therapy-clinical-specialization-and-management-of-red-and-yellow-flags-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-in-the-united-states
#20
Carlos E Ladeira
Objectives: Physical therapists (PTs) may practice in direct access or act as primary care practitioners, which necessitate patients' screening and management for red, orange and yellow flags. The objective of the project was to assess the American PT's ability to manage red, orange and yellow flags in patients with low back pain (LBP), and to compare this ability among PTs with different qualifications. Methods: The project was an electronic cross-sectional survey...
May 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
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