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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822769/somatic-mutation-analysis-in-melanoma-using-targeted-next-generation-sequencing
#1
Allen P Miraflor, Francine B de Abreu, Jason D Peterson, Scott A Turner, Christopher I Amos, Gregory J Tsongalis, Shaofeng Yan
Advanced stage malignant melanoma often responds poorly to therapy with low survival rates. New therapeutic approaches are based upon a growing understanding of the underlying molecular abnormalities. We demonstrate the feasibility of a next generation sequencing (NGS) assay, which targets hotspots in 50 cancer genes, to assess genotypes that may influence therapeutic selection and response. DNA was extracted from formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) melanoma specimens to create multiplexed libraries which were sequenced...
August 16, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818508/the-role-of-the-il-8-signaling-pathway-in-the-infiltration-of-granulocytes-into-the-livers-of-patients-with-alcoholic-hepatitis
#2
S W French, A S Mendoza, N Afifiyan, B Tillman, E Vitocruz, B A French
BACKGROUND AND AIM: IL-8 (C-X-L motif chemokine ligase 8) and CXCR2 (C-X-C-motif chemokine receptor 2) are up regulated in alcoholic hepatitis (AH) liver biopsies. One of the consequences is the attraction and chemotactic neutrophilic infiltrate seen at the AH stage of alcoholic liver disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) liver biopsies from patients who have AH were studied by (2.1) RNA sequencing, (2.2) PCR and (2.3) semi quantitation of specific proteins in biopsy sections using immunohistochemical measurements of antibody fluorescent intensity with morphometric technology...
August 14, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813519/expression-and-inhibition-of-brd4-ezh2-and-top2a-in-neurofibromas-and-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumors
#3
Azadeh Amirnasr, Rob M Verdijk, Patricia F van Kuijk, Walter Taal, Stefan Sleijfer, Erik A C Wiemer
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are rare, highly aggressive sarcomas that can occur spontaneously or from pre-existing plexiform neurofibromas in neurofibromatosis type1 (NF1) patients. MPNSTs have high local recurrence rates, metastasize easily, are generally resistant to therapeutic intervention and frequently fatal for the patient. Novel targeted therapeutic strategies are urgently needed. Standard treatment for patients presenting with advanced disease is doxorubicin based chemotherapy which inhibits the actions of the enzyme topoisomerase IIα (TOP2A)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812131/dna-degrades-during-storage-in-formalin-fixed-and-paraffin-embedded-tissue-blocks
#4
Alice Guyard, Alice Boyez, Anaïs Pujals, Cyrielle Robe, Jeanne Tran Van Nhieu, Yves Allory, Julien Moroch, Odette Georges, Jean-Christophe Fournet, Elie-Serge Zafrani, Karen Leroy
Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks are widely used to identify clinically actionable molecular alterations or perform retrospective molecular studies. Our goal was to quantify degradation of DNA occurring during mid to long-term storage of samples in usual conditions. We selected 46 FFPE samples of surgically resected carcinomas of lung, colon, and urothelial tract, of which DNA had been previously extracted. We performed a second DNA extraction on the same blocks under identical conditions after a median period of storage of 5...
August 15, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810295/-utility-and-evaluation-of-immunohistochemical-detection-of-braf-v600e-mutation-in-melanoma
#5
J J Lyu, Y Y Kong, X Cai, X X Shen, Y W Lu, M Ren
Objective: To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity and clinical value of anti-BRAF V600E antibody (clone VE1) in detection of the BRAF V600E mutant in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) melanoma specimens by immunohistochemical (IHC) methods. Methods: A total of 50 melanoma samples collected between 2008 and 2016 from 40 patients were analyzed for BRAF mutation (exon 15) by DNA sequencing using FFPE. These tissues were immunostained with VE1 antibody, and the results were analyzed and compared with those by DNA sequencing...
August 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807814/development-of-a-chromosomal-microarray-test-for-the-detection-of-abnormalities-in-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-products-of-conception-specimens
#6
Troy J Gliem, Umut Aypar
Testing the products of conception (POC) provides information regarding the cause of fetal loss, and helps determine the recurrence risk for future losses and chromosome abnormalities in subsequent pregnancies. Historically, the Mayo Clinic Cytogenetics Laboratory performed targeted fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) testing to identify aneuploidy of only certain chromosomes in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) POC samples. Chromosomal microarray (CMA) studies utilizing the Affymetrix OncoScan™ FFPE Assay can detect copy number changes across the genome...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807338/molecular-pathology-diagnosis-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-using-biomed-2-clonal-gene-rearrangements
#7
Saeid Ghorbian
BACKGROUND: Clonality testing for immunoglobulin gene rearrangement analysis could be implemented effectively as a useful technique for conventional diagnosis of lymphoma. The European Biomedicine and Health Concerted Action Project BMH4-CT98-3936 (BIOMED-2) have been suggested a gold standard method to clonality detection. OBJECTIVES: We tested empirically clonality rearrangements of IGH and incomplete IGH D-J, on formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue of patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL)...
August 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801933/maldi-imaging-guided-microproteomic-analyses-of-heterogeneous-breast-tumors-a-pilot-study
#8
Deborah Alberts, Charles Pottier, Nicolas Smargiasso, Dominique Baiwir, Gabriel Mazzucchelli, Philippe Delvenne, Mark Kriegsmann, Daniel Kazdal, Arne Warth, Edwin De Pauw, Rémi Longuespée
PURPOSE: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging is an ideal tool to study intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) and its implication in prognostic stratification of patients. However there are some drawbacks concerning protein identification. On the other hand, laser microdissection (LMD)-based microproteomics allows retrieving thousands of protein identifications from small tissue pieces. As a proof of concept, we combined these two complementary approaches to analyze heterogeneous regions in breast tumors...
August 11, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800011/rna-in-situ-hybridization-for-epstein-barr-virus-and-cytomegalovirus-comparison-with-in-situ-hybridization-and-immunohistochemistry
#9
Catherine J Roe, Momin T Siddiqui, Diane Lawson, Cynthia Cohen
The RNAscope utilizes in situ hybridization (RISH) technology to detect single RNA molecules in a variety of tissue samples, including formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissues. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) are found in association with neoplastic tissues and inflammatory lesions, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) or other techniques (ISH) are utilized to identify them. We compared the RNAscope RISH to ISH and IHC in the detection of EBV and CMV respectively to determine RNAscope utility in a clinical setting...
August 9, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798985/nanostring-based-breast-cancer-risk-prediction-for-women-with-sclerosing-adenosis
#10
Stacey J Winham, Christine Mehner, Ethan P Heinzen, Brendan T Broderick, Melody Stallings-Mann, Aziza Nassar, Robert A Vierkant, Tanya L Hoskin, Ryan D Frank, Chen Wang, Lori A Denison, Celine M Vachon, Marlene H Frost, Lynn C Hartmann, E Aubrey Thompson, Mark E Sherman, Daniel W Visscher, Amy C Degnim, Derek C Radisky
PURPOSE: Sclerosing adenosis (SA), found in ¼ of benign breast disease (BBD) biopsies, is a histological feature characterized by lobulocentric proliferation of acini and stromal fibrosis and confers a two-fold increase in breast cancer risk compared to women in the general population. We evaluated a NanoString-based gene expression assay to model breast cancer risk using RNA derived from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) biopsies with SA. METHODS: The study group consisted of 151 women diagnosed with SA between 1967 and 2001 within the Mayo BBD cohort, of which 37 subsequently developed cancer within 10 years (cases) and 114 did not (controls)...
August 10, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797447/evaluation-of-the-xpert%C3%A2-hpv-assay-in-the-detection-of-human-papillomavirus-in-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-oropharyngeal-carcinomas
#11
Maria Gabriella Donà, Francesca Rollo, Barbara Pichi, Giuseppe Spriano, Raul Pellini, Renato Covello, Edoardo Pescarmona, Giulia Fabbri, Manuela Scalfari, Tarik Gheit, Maria Benevolo
OBJECTIVES: The increasing incidence of HPV-related Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OPSCC) and the improved survival of HPV-positive OPSCC highlight the need for effective tools in evaluating HPV status on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) cancers. To date, there is no agreement regarding the most appropriate method for HPV testing on FFPE materials. We aimed to investigate the performance of the Xpert® HPV assay (Cepheid) on crude lysates from OPSCC FFPE tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Crude lysates were obtained by proteinase K digestion of FFPE tissues that had already been analyzed by the INNO-LiPA HPV assay and p16(ink4a) immunostaining...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795278/frozen-tissue-preparation-for-high-resolution-multiplex-histological-analyses-of-human-brain-specimens
#12
Fangjie Shao, Wenhong Jiang, Qingqing Gao, Baizhou Li, Chongran Sun, Qiyuan Wang, Qin Chen, Bing Sun, Hong Shen, Keqing Zhu, Jianmin Zhang, Chong Liu
The availability of a comprehensive tissue library is essential for elucidating the function and pathology of human brains. Considering the irreplaceable status of the formalin-fixation-paraffin-embedding (FFPE) preparation in routine pathology and the advantage of ultra-low temperature to preserve nucleic acids and proteins for multi-omics studies, these methods have become major modalities for the construction of brain tissue libraries. Nevertheless, the use of FFPE and snap-frozen samples is limited in high-resolution histological analyses because the preparation destroys tissue integrity and/or many important cellular markers...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783138/flow-cytometric-sorting-coupled-with-exon-capture-sequencing-identifies-somatic-mutations-in-archival-lymphoma-tissues
#13
Nenggang Jiang, Christopher Chen, Qiang Gong, Kristen Shields, Yuping Li, YuanYuan Chen, Joo Song, Timothy W McKeithan, Wing C Chan
The enormous number of archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues available are a valuable resource of material for research. However, the use of such tissues poses many challenges, among which is the difficulty of isolating different cell populations within the tissue. In this study, we used tissue from two types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma as a model to demonstrate a method we have established and optimized to separate FFPE samples into distinct tumor and nonmalignant populations. Using FFPE reactive tonsil sections, various approaches for antigen retrieval and labeling, and the effectiveness of flow cytometric sorting were tested...
August 7, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767674/versatile-ion-s5xl-sequencer-for-targeted-next-generation-sequencing-of-solid-tumors-in-a-clinical-laboratory
#14
Meenakshi Mehrotra, Dzifa Yawa Duose, Rajesh R Singh, Bedia A Barkoh, Jawad Manekia, Michael A Harmon, Keyur P Patel, Mark J Routbort, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Ignacio I Wistuba, Rajyalakshmi Luthra
BACKGROUND: Next generation sequencing based tumor tissue genotyping involves complex workflow and a relatively longer turnaround time. Semiconductor based next generation platforms varied from low throughput Ion PGM to high throughput Ion Proton and Ion S5XL sequencer. In this study, we compared Ion PGM and Ion Proton, with a new Ion S5XL NGS system for workflow scalability, analytical sensitivity and specificity, turnaround time and sequencing performance in a clinical laboratory. METHODS: Eighteen solid tumor samples positive for various mutations as detected previously by Ion PGM and Ion Proton were selected for study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763195/immunohistochemistry-microarrays
#15
Huiyan Li, Gabrielle Brewer, Grant Ongo, Frédéric Normandeau, Atilla Omeroglu, David Juncker
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) on tissue sections is widely used for quantifying the expression patterns of proteins and is part of the standard of care for cancer diagnosis and prognosis, but is limited to staining a single protein per tissue. Tissue microarray and microfluidics staining methods have emerged as powerful high throughput techniques, but either only permit the analysis of a single protein per slide, or require complex instrumentation and expertise while only staining isolated areas. Here, we introduce IHC microarrays (IHCµA) for multiplexed staining of intact tissues with preserved histological and spatial information...
August 1, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763012/performance-of-a-rt-pcr-assay-in-comparison-to-fish-and-immunohistochemistry-for-the-detection-of-alk-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
David R Hout, Brock L Schweitzer, Kasey Lawrence, Stephan W Morris, Tracy Tucker, Rosetta Mazzola, Rachel Skelton, Frank McMahon, John Handshoe, Mary Lesperance, Aly Karsan, David L Saltman
Patients with lung cancers harboring an activating anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement respond favorably to ALK inhibitor therapy. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) are validated and widely used screening tests for ALK rearrangements but both methods have limitations. The ALK RGQ RT-PCR Kit (RT-PCR) is a single tube quantitative real-time PCR assay for high throughput and automated interpretation of ALK expression. In this study, we performed a direct comparison of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) lung cancer specimens using all three ALK detection methods...
August 1, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758552/correlation-between-hpv-status-at-t-and-n-sites-of-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#17
Michael Vallop Josiassen, Birgitte Charabi, Christel Braemer Lajer, Emilie Garnaes, Marianne Hamilton Therkildsen, Bodil Norrild, Lena Specht, Finn Cilius Nielsen, Christian von Buchwald
OBJECTIVES: Human papilloma virus (HPV) is known to be associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCC) and may potentially play a vital role in tumor metastasis. The purpose of this study was to correlate HPV status of cervical lymph node metastases with their respective primary OPSCC tumor. METHODS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples obtained from 34 patients with cervical lymph node metastases were analyzed with HPV 16 DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR), p16 immunohistochemistry and HPV typing...
July 30, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754851/native-glycan-fragments-detected-by-maldi-ft-icr-mass-spectrometry-imaging-impact-gastric-cancer-biology-and-patient-outcome
#18
Thomas Kunzke, Benjamin Balluff, Annette Feuchtinger, Achim Buck, Rupert Langer, Birgit Luber, Florian Lordick, Horst Zitzelsberger, Michaela Aichler, Axel Walch
Glycosylation in cancer is a highly dynamic process that has a significant impact on tumor biology. Further, the attachment of aberrant glycan forms is already considered a hallmark of the disease state. Mass spectrometry has become a prominent approach to analyzing glycoconjugates. Specifically, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation -mass spectrometric imaging (MALDI-MSI) is a powerful technique that combines mass spectrometry with histology and enables the spatially resolved and label-free detection of glycans...
July 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752907/down-regulation-of-protective-genes-are-associated-with-cellular-and-antibody-mediated-rejection
#19
Hui Tzu Lin-Wang, Reginaldo Cipullo, Jarbas Jakson Dinkhuysen, Marco Aurelio Finger, João Manoel Rossi, Edileide de Barros Correia, Mário Hiroyuki Hirata
Despite advances in immunosuppressive therapy, rejection still remains the main obstacle to a successful transplant. This study aims to explore the gene expression profile of the rejection process in order to decrease the number of unnecessary endomyocardial biopsies in stable patients. METHODS: Total of 300 formalin fixed and paraffin embedded (FFPE) endomyocardial biopsy, sampled from 63 heart allograft recipients were included in this study. Acute cellular rejection (ACR) and antibody mediated rejection (AMR) were diagnosed by histological analysis and immunohistochemical C4d staining, respectively...
July 28, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749631/human-papillomavirus-hpv-genotype-distribution-in-patients-with-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-rrp-in-iran
#20
Negin Sadat Eftekhaar, Mohammad Hadi Karbalaie Niya, Farzad Izadi, Sedigheh Teaghinezhad-S, Hossein Keyvani
Background: Currently, recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), common laryngeal warts in the upper airway systems of children and adults are on the increase. Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are suspected as causative agents. This study concerned HPV incidence and genotype distribution in Iranian RRP patients. Methods: Specimens were collected from RRP patients referred to hospitals affiliated with Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, from Dec 2014 to Feb 2016 in a cross sectional study. After DNA extraction with an QIAamp® DNA FFPE Tissue Kit, conventional PCR was performed and products were sequenced...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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