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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776534/an-investigation-into-online-videos-as-a-source-of-safety-hazard-reports
#1
Leila Nasri, Milad Baghersad, Richard Gruss, Nico Sung Won Marucchi, Alan S Abrahams, Johnathon P Ehsani
INTRODUCTION: Despite the advantages of video-based product reviews relative to text-based reviews in detecting possible safety hazard issues, video-based product reviews have received no attention in prior literature. This study focuses on online video-based product reviews as possible sources to detect safety hazards. METHODS: We use two common text mining methods - sentiment and smoke words - to detect safety issues mentioned in videos on the world's most popular video sharing platform, YouTube...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761932/attentional-selection-and-suppression-in-children-and-adults
#2
Meirong Sun, Encong Wang, Jing Huang, Chenguang Zhao, Jialiang Guo, Dongwei Li, Li Sun, Boqi Du, Yulong Ding, Yan Song
The fundamental role of covert spatial attention is to enhance the processing of attended items while simultaneously ignoring irrelevant items. However, relatively little is known about how brain electrophysiological activities associated with target selection and distractor suppression are involved as they develop and become fully functional. The current study aimed to identify the neurophysiological bases of the development of covert spatial attention, focusing on electroencephalographic (EEG) markers of attentional selection (N2pc) and suppression (PD )...
May 15, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761835/attention-to-speech-and-spoken-language-development-in-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#3
Yuanyuan Wang, Carissa L Shafto, Derek M Houston
Early auditory/language experience plays an important role in language development. In this study, we examined the effects of severe-to-profound hearing loss and subsequent cochlear implantation on the development of attention to speech in children with cochlear implants (CIs). In addition, we investigated the extent to which attention to speech may predict spoken language development in children with CIs. We tested children with CIs and compared them to chronologically age-matched peers with normal hearing (NH) on their attention to speech at four time points post implantation; specifically, less than 1 month, 3 to 6 months, 12 months, and 18 months post implantation...
May 15, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761222/english-language-videos-on-youtube-as-a-source-of-information-on-self-administer-subcutaneous-anti-tumour-necrosis-factor-agent-injections
#4
Sena Tolu, Ozan Volkan Yurdakul, Betul Basaran, Aylin Rezvani
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability, content, and quality of videos for patients available on YouTube for learning how to self-administer subcutaneous anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) injections. We searched for the terms Humira injection, Enbrel injection, Simponi injection, and Cimzia injection. Videos were categorised as useful information, misleading information, useful patient opinion, and misleading patient opinion by two physicians. Videos were rated for quality on a 5-point global quality scale (GQS; 1 = poor quality, 5 = excellent quality) and reliability and content using the 5-point DISCERN scale (higher scores represent greater reliability and more comprehensive videos)...
May 14, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756669/a-cross-cultural-investigation-of-children-s-implicit-attitudes-toward-white-and-black-racial-outgroups
#5
Jennifer R Steele, Meghan George, Amanda Williams, Elaine Tay
Initial theory and research examining children's implicit racial attitudes suggest that an implicit preference favoring socially advantaged groups emerges early in childhood and remains stable across development (Dunham, Baron, & Banaji, 2008). In two studies, we examined the ubiquity of this theory by measuring non-Black minority and non-White majority children's implicit racial attitudes toward White and Black racial outgroups in two distinct cultural contexts. In Study 1, non-Black minority children in an urban North American community with a large Black population showed an implicit pro-White (versus Black) bias in early childhood...
May 14, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756470/improving-dementia-literacy-among-chinese-australians-using-youtube
#6
Benjamin Kp Woo, Jamie Op Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751855/electronic-and-social-media-based-radiology-learning-initiative-development-implementation-viewership-trends-and-assessment-at-1-year
#7
Nicholas A Koontz, Danielle V Hill, Sean C Dodson, Alisha E Capps, Aaron P Kamer, Mark S Frank, Darel E Heitkamp
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We report the development of a new "Case of the Day" (COTD) educational initiative using email, social media (SoMe), and a website to disseminate content, as well as its trends in viewership and assessment of utility for the first year of implementation. MATERIALS/METHODS: Using an image-rich format, a new unknown case was disseminated to radiology trainees and attendings at our institution by email twice per week, including history, salient images, and follow-up questions...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750050/does-the-internet-promote-the-unregulated-use-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-a-potential-public-health-issue
#8
Jonathan Philip Segal, Faisal Abbasi, Cynthia Kanagasundaram, Ailsa Hart
Introduction: The Internet has become an increasingly popular resource for medical information. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has changed the treatment of Clostridium difficile with cure rates of 81% following one infusion of FMT, further studies have since validated these findings. The Medicines and Health care Products Regulatory Agency has classified FMT as a medicine and hence should be only utilized in strict clinical settings. Methods: We searched Facebook, Twitter, Google, and YouTube using the words "Faecal Microbiota Transplantation" and "FMT"...
2018: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745782/blended-sort-it-for-operational-research-capacity-building-the-model-its-successes-and-challenges
#9
Tom Decroo, Rafael Van den Bergh, Ajay M V Kumar, Rony Zachariah, Erin Schillberg, Philip Owiti, Wilma van den Boogaard, Guido Benedetti, Safieh Shah, Engy Ali, Anthony D Harries, Anthony J Reid
The Structured Operational Research Training Initiative (SORT-IT) has been shown to be very effective in strengthening capacity for conducting operational research, publishing in scientific journals and fostering policy and practice change. The 'classic' model includes three face-to-face modules during which, respectively, a study protocol, a data analysis plan, and a manuscript are elaborated. Meanwhile, the lectures of the SORT-IT are available online as YouTube videos. Given the availability of this online material and the experiences with online mentorship of the faculty, we piloted a first blended distance/residential SORT-IT...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745743/elite-male-and-female-800-m-runners-display-different-pacing-strategies-during-seasons-best-performances
#10
Filipas Luca, Nerli Ballati Emiliano, Bonato Matteo, La Torre Antonio, Piacentini Maria Francesca
PURPOSE: To analyse the pacing profiles of the world top 800-m annual performances between 2010 and 2016, comparing male and female strategies. METHODS: One hundred and forty two performances were characterised for overall race times and 0-200 m, 200-400 m, 400-600 m, 600-800 m split times using available footage from YouTube. Only the best annual performance for each athlete was considered. Overall race and splits speed were calculated so that each lap speed could be expressed as a percentage of the mean race speed...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740161/online-videos-indicate-human-and-dog-behaviour-preceding-dog-bites-and-the-context-in-which-bites-occur
#11
Sara C Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived from visual aspects of the bite. Associations between bite severity and victim, dog and context characteristics were analysed using a Bayesian hierarchical regression model. Human and dog behaviour before the bite were summarised with descriptive statistics...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730958/undergraduate-medical-students-perspectives-of-skills-uses-and-preferences-of-information-technology-in-medical-education-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-saudi-medical-college
#12
Nehal Khamis, Rawabi Aljumaiah, Alla Alhumaid, Hiba Alraheem, Dalal Alkadi, Cristina Koppel, Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani
BACKGROUND: Information technology (IT) is widely used in medical education. However, there are not enough studies about IT uses and preferences among traditional and problem-based learning (PBL) medical students. AIM: To compare IT skills, uses and preferences for education between traditional and PBL medical students'. METHOD: A cross-sectional study; a modified Educause Center for Analysis and Research online survey was sent to traditional curriculum 5th and PBL 4th year medical students of King Saud University...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718779/english-language-youtube-videos-as-a-source-of-lead-poisoning-related-information-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Corey H Basch, Ashley M Jackson, Jingjing Yin, Rodney N Hammond, Atin Adhikari, Isaac Chun-Hai Fung
Exposure to lead is detrimental to children's development. YouTube is a form of social media through which people may learn about lead poisoning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the variation in lead poisoning-related YouTube contents between different video sources. The 100 most viewed lead poisoning-related videos were manually coded, among which, 50 were consumer-generated, 19 were created by health care professionals, and 31 were news. The 100 videos had a total of more than 8.9 million views, with news videos accounting for 63% of those views...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698914/error-quantification-of-osteometric-data-in-forensic-anthropology
#14
Natalie R Langley, Lee Meadows Jantz, Shauna McNulty, Heli Maijanen, Stephen D Ousley, Richard L Jantz
This study evaluates the reliability of osteometric data commonly used in forensic case analyses, with specific reference to the measurements in Data Collection Procedures 2.0 (DCP 2.0). Four observers took a set of 99 measurements four times on a sample of 50 skeletons (each measurement was taken 200 times by each observer). Two-way mixed ANOVAs and repeated measures ANOVAs with pairwise comparisons were used to examine interobserver (between-subjects) and intraobserver (within-subjects) variability. Relative technical error of measurement (TEM) was calculated for measurements with significant ANOVA results to examine the error among a single observer repeating a measurement multiple times (e...
April 10, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687894/giving-up-sugar-and-the-inequalities-of-abstinence
#15
Karen Throsby
Sugar is increasingly supplanting fat as public enemy number one in public health campaigns, and calls for significant reductions in consumption have provided fertile ground for the proliferation of popular texts and services advocating sugar abstention. This article explores three modes of popular sugar abstention (evangelical, experimental and charitable). These vary in chronology, philosophy and the intensity of abstention, but all serve as sites of identity production and self-entrepreneurship for those able to advocate for, and engage with, them...
April 16, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683431/a-brain-computer-interface-based-on-miniature-event-related-potentials-induced-by-very-small-lateral-visual-stimuli
#16
Minpeng Xu, Xiaolin Xiao, Yijun Wang, Hongzhi Qi, Tzyy-Ping Jung, Dong Ming
GOAL: Traditional visual brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) preferred to use large-size stimuli to attract the user's attention and elicit distinct electroencephalography (EEG) features. However, the visual stimuli are of no interest to the users as they just serve as the hidden codes behind the characters. Furthermore, using stronger visual stimuli could cause visual fatigue and other adverse symptoms to users. Therefore, it's imperative for visual BCIs to use small and inconspicuous visual stimuli to code characters...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676186/it-takes-one-to-know-one-exploring-patient-dialogue-on-rosacea-web-based-platforms-and-their-potential-for-significant-harm
#17
Laura H Riddoch
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a non-curable skin condition, leading patients to turn self-management options from web based platforms. Self-management can be dangerous possibly under-reported. AIM: To discover the extent of online material and determine the potential for harm influenced by rosacea internet sources. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Material analysed included search engines, apps, YouTube, forums and Facebook groups. As Facebook and forums were most active, they became the core focus...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666498/youtube-your-science
#18
Adrian A Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664816/evaluating-the-accuracy-and-quality-of-the-information-in-kyphosis-videos-shared-on-youtube
#19
Mehmet Nuri Erdem, Sinan Karaca
STUDY DESIGN: A quality-control YouTube-based study using the recognized quality scoring systems. OBJECTIVE: In this study, our aim was to confirm the accuracy and quality of the information in kyphosis videos shared on YouTube. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The Internet is a widely and increasingly used source for obtaining medical information both by patients and clinicians. YouTube, in particular, manifests itself as a leading source with its ease of access to information and visual advantage for Internet users...
April 16, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659032/at-with-and-beyond-risk-expectations-of-living-with-the-possibility-of-future-dementia
#20
Richard Milne, Ana Diaz, Shirlene Badger, Eline Bunnik, Karine Fauria, Katie Wells
Biomedical research aimed at the development of therapies for chronic and late-onset conditions increasingly concentrates on the early treatment of symptom-less disease. This broad trend is evidenced in prominent shifts in contemporary dementia research. Revised diagnostic criteria and new approaches to clinical trials propose a focus on earlier stages of disease and prompt concerns about the implications of communicating test results associated with the risk of developing dementia when no effective treatments are available...
April 16, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
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