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low level laser therapy inflammation

Priscila Vivas da Cruz Andrade, Vanessa Tubero Euzebio Alves, Verônica Franco de Carvalho, Michelle De Franco Rodrigues, Claudio Mendes Pannuti, Marinella Holzhausen, Giorgio De Micheli, Marina Clemente Conde
Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) was introduced as a promising adjuvant therapy on the periodontal treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of aPDT on inflammatory mediator levels in residual periodontal pockets of patients with severe chronic periodontitis under periodontal maintenance, during 12 months follow-up. A randomized controlled trial study was conducted in 28 patients with severe chronic periodontitis. After non-surgical periodontal treatment, patients with at least four teeth with residual pocket probing depth (PPD) ≥4 mm were randomly assigned to either aPDT or control group...
October 4, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Roberta Perego, D Proverbio, A Zuccaro, E Spada
AIM: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a therapeutic photobiostimulation with properties in reducing swelling, inflammation, and promoting tissue healing. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate LLLT in sterile pyogranulomatous pododermatitis in five dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In each dog, one lesion was designated as the control (treated with a 0.0584% hydrocortisone aceponate spray), and one or more other lesions were treated with a gallium aluminum arsenide-laser, daily for 5 days...
August 2016: Veterinary World
Jorge Luis Costa Carvalho, Auriléia Aparecida de Brito, Ana Paula Ligeiro de Oliveira, Hugo Caire de Castro Faria Neto, Thiago Martini Pereira, Regiane Albertini de Carvalho, Elen Anatriello, Flávio Aimbire
Recent studies show that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has an important anti-inflammatory action in acute lung inflammation. The present work explored if laser therapy is able to antagonize eosinophils and allergic inflammation induced by oxidative stress in Balb/c mice. Forty-eight hours after challenge, the leukocyte counting, ROS and nitrite/nitrate level, RANTES, CCL3, CCL8 as well as eotaxins were measured in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of laser-treated mice or not. Into the lung, some chemokines receptors, the iNOS activity and mRNA expression, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, gluthatione, NADPH oxidase activities and thiobarbituric acid reactive species (T-Bars) were measured...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Sturla Haslerud, Rodrigo Alvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins, Lúcio Frigo, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Ingvill Fjell Naterstad, Liv Heide Magnussen, Jon Joensen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and cryotherapy are widely used treatments in the acute phase of tendon injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction of these two treatments on tendon inflammation and mechanical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six groups of six Wistar rats were used in this study. The Achilles tendons of the healthy control group were not subjected to injury or treatment. The tendons of the injured nontreated group (ING) were injured, but not treated...
September 14, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Hélio Sampaio-Filho, Juliane Sotto-Ramos, Erika Horácio Pinto, Marcia Regina Cabral, Priscila Larcher Longo, Isabel Peixoto Tortamano, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Daniela Fátima Teixeira Silva, Christine Pavani, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana
BACKGROUND: A comfortable postoperative return to daily activities has increased the need to control inflammation after third molar surgery. Anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics are not exempt from adverse effects such as allergies and chronic gastritis, and they are not without cost. The association between low-level laser and auricular acupuncture can be an alternative when conventional drugs are contraindicated. Among its advantages, we can mention the low risk of side effects, low cost and simplicity of application...
2016: Trials
Adriane Aver Vanin, Thiago De Marchi, Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Olga Tairova, Heliodora Leão Casalechi, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Ernesto Cesar Leal-Junior
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the medium-term effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT or photobiomodulation) in postexercise skeletal muscle recovery and performance enhancement and to identify the optimal dose of 810 nm LLLT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed, with voluntary participation of 28 high-level soccer athletes. We analyzed maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), creatine kinase (CK) activity, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression...
October 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Marina B Alvarenga, Sonia Maria Junqueira Vasconcellos de Oliveira, Adriana A Francisco, Flora Maria B da Silva, Marcelo Sousa, Moacyr Roberto Nobre
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Episiotomy is associated with perineal pain and healing complications. The low-level laser therapy (LLLT) reduces pain and inflammation and stimulates the healing process. This study aimed to assess the effect of LLLT on pain and perineal healing after an episiotomy. DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, triple-blind, parallel clinical trial with 54 postpartum women who had a spontaneous birth with a right mediolateral episiotomy...
July 18, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Rowena Cayabyab, Rangasamy Ramanathan
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) continues to be a major preventable cause of blindness and visual handicaps globally. With improved perinatal care, improved survival of moderately preterm infants, and limited resources for oxygen delivery and monitoring, more mature preterm infants are developing severe ROP in developing countries. The pathophysiology of ROP is characterized by two phases. Phase I ROP is due to vaso-obliteration beginning immediately after birth secondary to a marked decrease in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)...
2016: Neonatology
Smiti Bhardwaj, Joann Pauline George, Divakaran Remigus, Divya Khanna
Low level laser has been documented in literature to promote wound healing by reducing postoperative inflammation, oedema and reduces pain. This case report demonstrates the safe and positive outcome of LLLT in conjunction with demineralised bone matrix of bovine origin in the surgical treatment of a periodontal infrabony defect. After surgical defect debridement, low level semiconductor diode laser (GaAlAr) was delivered for 5 minutes to the inner margins of flap in contact mode and the defect was irradiated with LLLT in a non-contact mode for 10 minutes...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Rosa Abellán, Clara Gómez, María Dolores Oteo, Giuseppe Scuzzo, Juan Carlos Palma
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and medium-term effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) applied in repeated doses in adults with a healthy periodontium treated by lingual orthodontic appliances. BACKGROUND DATA: Plaque accumulation, in combination with difficulty in removing it in lingual orthodontic patients, can cause gingival inflammation. METHODS: Twelve orthodontic patients scheduled for fixed lingual orthodontic treatment were selected...
July 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Reza Fekrazad, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad, Arman M Shayan, Katayoun A M Kalhori, Fatemeh Mashhadi Abbas, Leila Taghiyar, Mir Sepehr Pedram, Mostafa Sadeghi Ghuchani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of cultured autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) with scaffold and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the repair of articular cartilage defects in rabbits. BACKGROUND DATA: For healing of the articular cartilage defects, although positive effects of BMSCs and LLLT have been demonstrated, their combination effect is still unknown; therefore, we investigated combining these two techniques has a synergistic effect...
April 8, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Paolo Cassano, Samuel R Petrie, Michael R Hamblin, Theodore A Henderson, Dan V Iosifescu
We examined the use of near-infrared and red radiation (photobiomodulation, PBM) for treating major depressive disorder (MDD). While still experimental, preliminary data on the use of PBM for brain disorders are promising. PBM is low-cost with potential for wide dissemination; further research on PBM is sorely needed. We found clinical and preclinical studies via PubMed search (2015), using the following keywords: "near-infrared radiation," "NIR," "low-level light therapy," "low-level laser therapy," or "LLLT" plus "depression...
July 2016: Neurophotonics
Judith A E M Zecha, Judith E Raber-Durlacher, Raj G Nair, Joel B Epstein, Stephen T Sonis, Sharon Elad, Michael R Hamblin, Andrei Barasch, Cesar A Migliorati, Dan M J Milstein, Marie-Thérèse Genot, Liset Lansaat, Ron van der Brink, Josep Arnabat-Dominguez, Lisette van der Molen, Irene Jacobi, Judi van Diessen, Jan de Lange, Ludi E Smeele, Mark M Schubert, René-Jean Bensadoun
PURPOSE: There is a large body of evidence supporting the efficacy of low level laser therapy (LLLT), more recently termed photobiomodulation (PBM), for the management of oral mucositis (OM) in patients undergoing radiotherapy for head and neck cancer (HNC). Recent advances in PBM technology, together with a better understanding of mechanisms involved, may expand the applications for PBM in the management of other complications associated with HNC treatment. This article (part 1) describes PBM mechanisms of action, dosimetry, and safety aspects and, in doing so, provides a basis for a companion paper (part 2) which describes the potential breadth of potential applications of PBM in the management of side-effects of (chemo)radiation therapy in patients being treated for HNC and proposes PBM parameters...
June 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Sofia M Calado, Francisco Diaz-Corrales, Gabriela A Silva
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the major complications of diabetes mellitus. It is characterized by retinal microvascular changes caused by chronic exposure to hyperglycemia, leading to low tissue oxygenation and ultimately to neovascularization. Laser photocoagulation and vitrectomy are the most efficient treatments for DR, but display severe side effects such as the destruction of the healthy retina. Another clinical approach uses antiangiogenic agents to prevent and delay progression of neovascularization, but these require recurrent local administrations that increase the possibility of retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, and cataract formation...
April 2016: Human Gene Therapy Methods
Marcelo Victor Pires de Sousa, Cleber Ferraresi, Masayoshi Kawakubo, Beatriz Kaippert, Elisabeth Mateus Yoshimura, Michael R Hamblin
Photobiomodulation or low-level light therapy has been shown to attenuate both acute and chronic pain, but the mechanism of action is not well understood. In most cases, the light is applied to the painful area, but in the present study we applied light to the head. We found that transcranial laser therapy (TLT) applied to mouse head with specific parameters (810 nm laser, [Formula: see text], 7.2 or [Formula: see text]) decreased the reaction to pain in the foot evoked either by pressure (von Frey filaments), cold, or inflammation (formalin injection) or in the tail (evoked by heat)...
January 2016: Neurophotonics
Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi, Faraj Tabeie, Farzin Sahebjam, Nima Poursani, Nazanin Jahanbakhsh, Pouya Paymanpour, Sasha AfsarAski
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of combining extremely low frequency-pulsed electromagnetic field (ELF-PEMF) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on alkali-burned rabbit corneas. Fifty alkali-burned corneas of 50 rabbits were categorized into five groups: ELF-PEMF therapy with 2 mT intensity (ELF 2) for 2 h daily; LLLT for 30 min twice daily; combined ELF-PEMF and LLLT (ELF + LLLT); medical therapy (MT); and control (i.e., no treatment). Clinical examination and digital photography of the corneas were performed on days 0, 2, 7, and 14...
April 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Dae-Hyun Jang, Da-Hyun Song, Eun-Ju Chang, Jae Yong Jeon
The aim of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic mechanism of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the mouse tail lymphedema model. Six-week-old female mice were classified into the laser treatment group, sham treatment group, and surgical control group (10 mice per group). LLLT was administered daily for 10 min from the surgical day to 11 days (12 times). Macrophage activation and lymphatic vessel regeneration were evaluated through immunohistochemical staining with anti-F4/80 and anti-LYVE-1 antibodies, respectively, at 12 days post-procedure...
February 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Susanne Chiari
Photobiomodulation is discussed to be a noninvasive method to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement. The stimulatory effect of low-level laser therapy is well known and includes enhancement in tissue growth and tissue regeneration, resolvement of inflammation and pain. In recent research projects, the effect of laser therapy was tested regarding the stimulatory effect on bone remodeling with the potential to influence the tooth movement rate. The results are divers. The effect of laser regarding the reduction of the postadjustment pain could be proved, but not all authors describe the acceleration of tooth movement...
2016: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Cristiane Miranda da Silva, Mayara Peres Leal, Robson Alexandre Brochetti, Tárcio Braga, Luana Beatriz Vitoretti, Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara, Amílcar Sabino Damazo, Ana Paula Ligeiro-de-Oliveira, Maria Cristina Chavantes, Adriana Lino-Dos-Santos-Franco
Lung diseases constitute an important public health problem and its growing level of concern has led to efforts for the development of new therapies, particularly for the control of lung inflammation. Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) has been highlighted as a non-invasive therapy with few side effects, but its mechanisms need to be better understood and explored. Considering that pollution causes several harmful effects on human health, including lung inflammation, in this study, we have used formaldehyde (FA), an environmental and occupational pollutant, for the induction of neutrophilic lung inflammation...
2015: PloS One
Renu Sharma, Aditya N Aggarwal, Shuchi Bhatt, Sudhir Kumar, S K Bhargava
BACKGROUND: de Quervain's tenosynovitis is an inflammation of abductor pollicis longus (APL) and extensor pollicis brevis (EPB) muscle tendon sheaths at the level of radial styloid process. Its conservative management includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, wrist and thumb immobilization, ultrasonic therapy (US Th.) and low level laser therapy (LLLT). Literature is scanty on comparative efficacy of US Th. and LLLT for its management. This prospective study evaluates outcome of US Th...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
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