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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648767/quality-indicators-for-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-a-comparative-study-of-outcomes-after-an-improvement-programme-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#1
Henry Córdova, Cristina Sánchez-Montes, Pedro G Delgado-Guillena, Victor J Morales, Oriol Sendino, Begoña González-Suárez, Andrés Cárdenas, Maria Pellisé, Isis K Araujo, Àngels Ginés, Josep Llach, Gloria Fernández-Esparrach
INTRODUCTION: There is an opportunity for improvement in the recording and measuring of quality indicators. However, no previous experiences exist in our field in terms of their compliance in esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). OBJECTIVE: To analyse compliance with EGD quality criteria and evaluate improvement after conducting a training programme. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Comparative study of 2 cohorts: one retrospective (control group) and one prospective (intervention group), before and after a training programme consisting of an information session and the report writing improvement programme...
June 22, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642210/rationale-and-design-for-a-randomized-comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety-between-aspirin-and-clopidogrel-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-with-low-stroke-risk-cesac-af-trial
#2
Sang Min Park, Haemin Jeong, Mi-Hyang Jung, Kyung Soon Hong, Myeong-Ki Hong, Chang Seok Bang, Christopher Y Kim
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of thromboembolic stroke. An oral anticoagulant should be administrated to prevent stroke in patients with moderate stroke risk (ie, CHA2DS2-VASc score>2). If the stroke risk is low (i.e. the score=1), however, antiplatelet agent such as aspirin is widely used. Aspirin can cause peptic ulcer disease (PUD) while its alternative, clopidogrel, theoretically does not. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the efficacy and safety between aspirin and clopidogrel, a multicenter randomized controlled trial was designed in AF patients with low stroke risk...
June 19, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639045/passing-the-fundamentals-of-endoscopic-surgery-fes-exam-linking-specialty-choice-and-attitudes-about-endoscopic-surgery-to-success
#3
Aimee K Gardner, Michael B Ujiki, Brian J Dunkin
INTRODUCTION: Previous work has shown that up to 30% of graduating surgery residents fail the fundamentals of endoscopic surgery (FES) exam. This study investigated the extent to which FES pass rates differ in a specific sample of individuals who have chosen a career in GI surgery and to examine the relationships between FES performance and confidence in performing flexible endoscopy. METHODS: Fellows attending the 2016 SAGES Flexible Endoscopy Course were invited to complete the FES manual skills examination...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623447/new-approaches-to-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#4
William Kethman, Mary Hawn
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common gastrointestinal disorder of the esophagus. It is a chronic, progressive disorder that presents most typically with heartburn and regurgitation and atypically with chest pain, dysphagia, chronic cough, globus, or sore throat. The mainstay for diagnosis and characterization of the disorder is esophagoduodenoscopy (EGD), high-resolution esophageal manometry, and symptom-associated ambulatory esophageal pH impedance monitoring...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619257/the-role-of-capsule-endoscopy-and-device-assisted-enteroscopy-for-small-bowel-lesions-in-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#5
Rossella Cianci, Riccardo Urgesi, Annalisa Tortora, Arianna Amato, Estelle E Newton, Guido Costamagna, Maria Elena Riccioni
BACKGROUND: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal-dominant disorder leading to telangiectases and arteriovenous malformations of the skin, mucosa, and viscera. Telangiectases in the upper gastrointestinal tract are known, but data regarding possible small-bowel involvement are poor. AIMS: To evaluate the role of capsule endoscopy (CE) to determine the prevalence of small-bowel telangiectases in HHT patients, and the role of endoscopic treatment of these patients with particular reference to the incidence of re-bleeding after treatment...
May 25, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617448/diminishing-effectiveness-of-long-term-maintenance-topical-steroid-therapy-in-ppi-non-responsive-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#6
Swathi Eluri, Thomas M Runge, Jason Hansen, Bharati Kochar, Craig C Reed, Benjamin S Robey, John T Woosley, Nicholas J Shaheen, Evan S Dellon
OBJECTIVES: While topical corticosteroids are first-line therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), the data regarding long-term effectiveness are lacking. We aimed to determine long-term histologic and endoscopic outcomes of maintenance therapy in EoE steroid responders. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of adults with EoE at UNC Hospitals who had initial histologic response (<15 eos/hpf) after 8 weeks of topical steroids, and maintained on therapy...
June 15, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584718/the-increasing-prevalence-of-hiv-helicobacter-pylori-co-infection-over-time-along-with-the-evolution-of-antiretroviral-therapy-art
#7
Aleksandra Radovanović Spurnić, Branko Brmbolić, Zorica Stojšić, Tatijana Pekmezović, Zoran Bukumirić, Miloš Korać, Dubravka Salemović, Ivana Pešić-Pavlović, Goran Stevanović, Ivana Milošević, Djordje Jevtović
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most common human bacterial infections with prevalence rates between 10-80% depending upon geographical location, age and socioeconomic status. H. pylori is commonly found in patients complaining of dyspepsia and is a common cause of gastritis. During the course of their infection, people living with HIV (PLHIV) often have a variety of gastrointestinal symptoms including dyspepsia and while previous studies have reported HIV and H. pylori co-infection, there has been little data clarifying the factors influencing this...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574381/-measurement-of-histones-and-circulating-extracellular-nucleic-acids-in-patients-with-complicated-forms-of-peptic-ulcer
#8
G Yerznkyan, B Kultanov, K Shakeev, Ye Tatina
We studied 135 people (24 people, apparently healthy, 39 uncomplicated peptic ulcer disease, 42 people with complex forms peptic ulcer, 30 and after the treatment of complicated forms of peptic ulcer disease, both sexes (18-45 y.). In all patients, the diagnosis was confirmed fibrogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Determination of histones and acid soluble fraction (ASF), RNA, DNA, in blood was performed by the method of L. Markusheva. Studies have led to the conclusion that the change in the blood concentration of extracellular nucleic acids in patients with uncomplicated disease and complex shapes can be caused by oxidative stress products and can be a signal for elimination of nucleic acids from cells...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572657/the-impact-on-endoscopic-resource-utilization-after-a-targeted-intervention-for-cost-minimization-of-egd-and-colonoscopy
#9
Sunanda Kane, Navtej Buttar, Ferga Gleeson, Mark Larson, Louis Wong Kee Song, Raymond Yates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572561/follicular-b-cell-lymphoma-with-accompanying-ischemic-gastritis-completely-resolved-by-rituximab
#10
Anam Tariq, Neal Mehta, Kathryn Peroutka
BACKGROUND Follicular B cell lymphomas account for a significant portion of all newly diagnosed non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. While involvement can be varied, the most common extranodal presentation is within the gastrointestinal tract beyond the stomach. In addition, the stomach has a diffuse multivessel vascular supply, which decreases the likelihood of developing ischemic gastritis. CASE REPORT An 89-year-old woman with history of diabetes, deep venous thromboembolism, and hypertension was referred due to a newly diagnosed retroperitoneal mass...
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555928/impact-of-excessive-gingival-display-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-southern-brazilian-young-population
#11
Raquel Pippi Antoniazzi, Luana de Sena Fischer, Carlos Eduardo Agostini Balbinot, Simone Pippi Antoniazzi, Jovito Adiel Skupien
AIM: to compare oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) between individuals with and without excessive gingival display (EGD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 53 individuals with EGD and 53 controls matched for sex and age. The outcome was OHRQoL, determined using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and self-perceptions of satisfaction with smile esthetics. A clinical exam was conducted to evaluate the smile line, color of the teeth, tooth wear and malocclusion...
May 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544670/the-clinical-significance-of-esophagogastric-junction-outflow-obstruction-and-hypercontractile-esophagus-in-high-resolution-esophageal-manometry
#12
D Schupack, D A Katzka, D M Geno, K Ravi
BACKGROUND: Although major manometric abnormalities, the significance of esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) and hypercontractile esophagus (HE) is poorly understood. We sought to determine long term outcomes for EGJOO and HE. METHODS: High-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) studies conducted from 5/30/2012 to 8/1/2014 consistent with EGJOO and HE and normal studies from 5/30/12 to 11/1/12 were identified. Standardized follow up was conducted with a phone survey utilizing the impact dysphagia questionnaire (IDQ-10)...
May 23, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540613/oral-capnography-is-more-effective-than-nasal-capnography-during-sedative-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy
#13
Wei-Nung Teng, Chien-Kun Ting, Yu-Tzu Wang, Ming-Chih Hou, Mei-Yung Tsou, Huihua Chiang, Chun-Li Lin
The role of capnography in esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is controversial. Simultaneous supplemental oxygen, position of patient, open mouth breathing pattern, and anatomy of the oral and nasal cavity can influence capnography accuracy. This study first measured capnographic data via the nasal or oral cavity during sedated EGD. Secondly, we investigated the influence of supplementary oxygen through the oral cavity on the capnographic reading. Patients with ASA class I or II status admitted for routine EGD exams were enrolled...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533996/gastric-varices-in-absence-of-splenic-vein-thrombosis-a-rare-entity-of-idiopathic-non-cirrhotic-portal-hypertension
#14
Vivek Choksi, Binna Chokshi, Andrew Chu, Deepa Mandale, Daniel L Wolfson, Steven Kaplan, Hamid Feiz
Idiopathic non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (INCPH) is portal hypertension (PHT) without cirrhosis and other identifiable causes. Esophageal and gastric varices are seen in INCPH which are mostly asymptomatic. We present a rare case of symptomatic isolated gastric varices (IGV) in the setting of INCPH. We report a case of a 60-year-old man who presented with an acute onset of hematemesis and no identifiable history. Upon further evaluation, he was found to have non-bleeding dilated gastric varices on esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and PHT without cirrhosis...
April 19, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512647/early-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-is-associated-with-better-outcomes-in-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-nationwide-study
#15
Sushil K Garg, Chimaobi Anugwom, James Campbell, Vaibhav Wadhwa, Nancy Gupta, Rocio Lopez, Sukhman Shergill, Madhusudhan R Sanaka
Background and study aims We analyzed NIS (National Inpatient Sample) database from 2007 - 2013 to determine if early esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) (24 hours) for upper gastrointestinal bleeding improved the outcomes in terms of mortality, length of stay and costs. Patients and methods Patients were classified as having upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage by querying all diagnostic codes for the ICD-9-CM codes corresponding to upper gastrointestinal bleeding. For these patients, performance of EGD during admission was determined by querying all procedural codes for the ICD-9-CM codes corresponding to EGD; early EGD was defined as having EGD performed within 24 hours of admission and late EGD was defined as having EGD performed after 24 hours of admission...
May 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504205/comparison-of-clinicopathologic-characteristics-of-gastric-follicular-lymphomas-and-duodenal-follicular-lymphomas
#16
Akiko Miyagi Maeshima, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Tomotaka Suzuki, Sayako Yuda, Kosuke Toyoda, Nobuhiko Yamauchi, Shinichi Makita, Suguru Fukuhara, Wataru Munakata, Dai Maruyama, Yukio Kobayashi, Yutaka Saito, Kensei Tobinai
We compared the incidence, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) findings, and histopathologic characteristics of gastric and duodenal follicular lymphomas (FL). Of 626 FL cases, primary gastric FL and secondary gastric involvement of FL were observed in 1% and 5% of the cases, respectively, which were lower incidences than duodenal FL (10% and 9%, respectively). Gastric FL usually appeared as submucosal tumors (primary, 71%: secondary, 79%), whereas duodenal FL as granular lesions (primary, 92%: secondary, 87%)...
May 10, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501581/longer-observation-time-increases-proportion-of-neoplasms-detected-by-esophagogastroduodenoscopy
#17
Jae Myung Park, Sol Mi Huo, Han Hee Lee, Bo-In Lee, Ho Jin Song, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUND & AIM: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is commonly used to detect upper gastrointestinal (GI) neoplasms. However, there is little evidence that longer examination time increases rate of detection of upper GI neoplasia. We investigated the association between length of time spent performing a normal screening EGD and rate of neoplasm detection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from 111,962 subjects who underwent EGD as part of a comprehensive health-screening program from January 2009 to December 2015 in Korea...
May 10, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501533/promising-modalities-to-identify-and-monitor-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#18
Girish Hiremath, Sandeep K Gupta
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an allergen-mediated condition characterized by symptoms of esophageal dysfunction and histologic evidence of intense eosinophilic inflammation involving the esophagus in the absence of overlapping conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease. Since the initial description as a distinct entity approximately 2 decades ago, there has been a remarkable increase in the recognition of this clinicopathologic entity. The current approach to diagnose and monitor EoE requires repeated esophagogastroduodenoscopies, with associated sedation/anesthesia, to visualize mucosal abnormalities, and to obtain multiple biopsy specimens for histologic assessment and to evaluate treatment response...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487782/nodular-esophageal-xanthoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Ahmed Dirweesh, Muhammad Khan, Sumera Bukhari, Cheryl Rimmer, Robert Shmuts
Xanthomas are localized nonneoplastic lesions within tissues that may manifest as papules, plaques, or nodules. These lesions can be found anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract, commonly in the stomach and colon, and rarely in the small intestine and esophagus. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with biopsy is the gold standard tool for diagnosis. Here, we report a rare case of a lower solitary nodular esophageal xanthoma in an elderly black female. Correspondingly, all cases of esophageal xanthomas reported in the English medical literature were reviewed and presented with the reported case...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487611/performance-of-18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-for-esophageal-cancer-screening
#20
Masau Sekiguchi, Takashi Terauchi, Yasuo Kakugawa, Naoki Shimada, Yutaka Saito, Takahisa Matsuda
AIM: To evaluate the performance of 18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for esophageal cancer (EC) screening. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of consecutive asymptomatic individuals who underwent FDG-PET and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) simultaneously for cancer screening at our institution from February 2004 to March 2013. In total, 14790 FDG-PET and EGD procedures performed for 8468 individuals were included in this study, and the performance of FDG-PET for EC screening was assessed by comparing the results of FDG-PET and EGD, considering the latter as the reference...
April 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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