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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818171/rapid-and-promising-technique-to-treat-gummy-smile-lip-repositioning
#1
Muhammad Nazeer Khan, Zainab Akbar, Irfan Shah
Beautiful smile is a booster to person's confidence. Gummy smile is a term used for excessive gingival display (EGD). Its etiology is multifactorial. Bone vertical maxillary excess (VME) is one of the cause of EGD. In this case series, lip repositioning was performed to treat mild to moderate degree of gingival display ( 2 to 8 mm) due to VME. Lip repositioning is simple, promising, meticulous and comparatively cheap alternative technique for treating gummy smile.
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816373/efficacy-and-safety-of-using-premedication-with-simethicone-pronase-during-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-examination-with-sedation-a-single-center-prospective-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ling-Ye Zhang, Wen-Yan Li, Ming Ji, Fu-Kun Liu, Guang-Yong Chen, Shan-Shan Wu, Qian Hao, Hui-Hong Zhai, Shu-Tian Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy and safety of premedication with simethicone/pronase during esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with sedation. METHODS: 610 patients were randomly allocated to two groups based on the type of premedication given. The premedication used in the control group was 10ml of lidocaine hydrochloride mucilage (LHM, N=314) and the premedication used in the intervention group was 80mL of simethicone/pronase solution plus 10ml of lidocaine hydrochloride mucilage (SP/LHM, N=296)...
August 17, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803389/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-stat3-deficient-hyper-ige-syndrome
#3
Manish Arora, Preet Bagi, Anna Strongin, Jennifer Heimall, Xiongce Zhao, Monica G Lawrence, Apurva Trivedi, Carolyn Henderson, Amy Hsu, Martha Quezado, David E Kleiner, Aradhana M Venkatesan, Steven M Holland, Alexandra F Freeman, Theo Heller
OBJECTIVE: STAT 3 deficiency (autosomal dominant hyper immunoglobulin E syndrome (AD-HIES)) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder with multi-organ involvement caused by dominant negative signal transducer and activator of transcription gene 3 (STAT3) mutations. We sought to describe the gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of this disease. METHODS: Seventy subjects aged five to 60 years with a molecular diagnosis of AD-HIES were evaluated at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)...
August 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794357/a-rare-case-of-gastric-ulcer-penetrating-the-pancreas-that-was-successfully-managed-by-conservative-therapy
#4
Narihiro Shibukawa, Shohei Ouchi, Shuji Wakamatsu, Yuhei Wakahara, Nobuyuki Tatsumi, Akira Kaneko
A 62-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with septic shock due to left submandibular osteomyelitis and cellulitis. Her condition improved following tooth extraction, drainage, and the administration of antibiotics. However, on the 4th day of hospitalization, she went into hemorrhagic shock after defecating a massive tarry stool. Emergency esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) was performed. We found a giant ulcer at the antral greater curvature of the stomach. Computed tomography (CT) revealed that the gastric ulcer had penetrated the pancreas...
August 10, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791319/gastric-superficial-neoplasia-high-miss-rate-but-slow-progression
#5
Yuichi Shimodate, Motowo Mizuno, Akira Doi, Naoyuki Nishimura, Hirokazu Mouri, Kazuhiro Matsueda, Hiroshi Yamamoto
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:  Gastric superficial neoplasia (GSN) is often overlooked at endoscopy because of difficulty in identifying it. The miss rate of GSN at endoscopy and the impact on clinical outcome of the missed GSN have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated these issues. METHODS:  Among 1462 endoscopically and pathologically diagnosed gastric cancers in our hospital from January 2011 to December 2014, previous records of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) were available for 198 lesions (index lesions) and were reviewed retrospectively...
August 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783922/training-in-endoscopy-esophagogastroduodenoscopy
#6
REVIEW
Joon Sung Kim, Byung-Wook Kim
Gastrointestinal endoscopy is important in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of many diseases of the digestive tract. The ability to perform esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) safely, effectively, and efficiently has become the mainstay of gastroenterology practice. In Korea, EGD education is usually imparted as a component of gastroenterology training programs during fellowship. In this review, we discuss the general principles of EGD training. Formal curriculum development with devising clear goals and effective training methods should be developed in the future...
July 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764229/upper-gastrointestinal-bleed-as-a-manifestation-of-poorly-differentiated-metastatic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lung
#7
Richa Bhardwaj, Gaurav Bhardwaj, Arun Gautam, Raffi Karagozian
Gastrointestinal (GI) metastasis from primary lung cancer is a rare clinical finding. Lung cancer most often metastasizes to the brain, bone, liver, and adrenal glands; with gastrointestinal involvement being very rare. We report a case of a 39-year-old female with a diagnosis of poorly differentiated Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) of the lung presenting with dizziness and melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showed a bleeding mass in the stomach. Final biopsy report and Immunohistochemistry (IHC) of the specimen were consistent with SCC lung metastasis...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761577/bleeding-risk-related-to-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-biopsy-in-patients-receiving-antithrombotic-therapy-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study
#8
Takafumi Yuki, Shunji Ishihara, Kazuo Yashima, Koichiro Kawaguchi, Hirofumi Fujishiro, Youichi Miyaoka, Mika Yuki, Yoshinori Kushiyama, Akiko Yasugi, Michiko Shabana, Koichirou Furuta, Kiwamu Tanaka, Masaharu Koda, Tetsuro Hamamoto, Yuichiro Sasaki, Hisao Tanaka, Teiji Yoshimura, Yoshikazu Murawaki, Hajime Isomoto, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
BACKGROUND: Although antithrombotic agents are widely used for cardiac and cerebrovascular disease prevention, they increase the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. OBJECTIVE: To examine GI bleeding risk in association with an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) biopsy performed in patients without cessation of antithrombotic therapy. METHODS: This study was prospectively conducted at 14 centers. EGD biopsies were performed in patients receiving antithrombotic agents without cessation, as well as age- and sex-matched controls not receiving antithrombotic therapy...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761039/atrio-esophageal-fistula-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#9
Craig A Schuring, Luke J Mountjoy, Ashley B Priaulx, Robert J Schneider, Hayden L Smith, Geoffrey C Wall, Dipen Kadaria, Amik Sodhi
BACKGROUND Percutaneous catheter radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and cryoablation of the left atrium and pulmonary vein ostia have become successful therapeutic modalities in the management of atrial fibrillation. Atrio-esophageal fistula is a rare complication. Awareness of complication risk is imperative because without prompt diagnosis and urgent surgical intervention, the outcome is often fatal. We present 3 cases of atrio-esophageal fistula following percutaneous catheter radiofrequency ablation (RFA). CASE REPORT Case 1: A 72-year old white male presented 27 days after percutaneous RFA for atrial fibrillation with fever, altered mental status, and melena...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758036/successful-endoscopic-treatment-of-bouveret-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-choledochoduodenal-fistula-complicating-duodenal-ulcer
#10
Syed Hasan, Zubair Khan, Umar Darr, Toseef Javaid, Nauman Siddiqui, Jamal Saleh, Abdallah Kobeissy, Ali Nawras
INTRODUCTION: Cholecystoduodenal fistulas represent the most common type of bilioenteric fistulas while choledochoduodenal fistulas account for only 1-25% of cases. Bilioenteric fistula cases are associated with cholelithiasis and are rarely associated with duodenal peptic ulcers. Here we present the first case of Bouveret syndrome secondary to choledochoduodenal fistula complicating peptic duodenal ulcer managed successfully via endoscopic mechanical lithotripsy. CASE: 86-year-old male with a medical history significant for coronary artery disease and stage 3 colorectal cancer status after resection and chemoradiation presented with intractable sharp abdominal pain worse postprandially for one week in duration, associated with early satiety, anorexia, and 5 lbs weight loss in one week...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754464/the-utility-of-routine-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-before-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#11
Warren Y L Sun, Jerry T Dang, Noah J Switzer, Christopher de Gara, Daniel W Birch, Shahzeer Karmali
BACKGROUND: The routine use of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) before laparoscopic Roux-en-y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is debatable. Various studies have reported high diagnostic yield of routine EGD before LRYGB to detect pathologies that could alter surgical management. However, other studies have found that preoperative EGD did not identify significant pathologies that changed clinical management; therefore, it is not indicated in asymptomatic patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the utility of routine EGD in patients before LRYGB...
June 28, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754143/predictors-of-positive-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-a-single-center-experience
#12
Hernando Lyons, Ying Zhang, Susan Szpunar, Rajmohan Dharmaraj
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) has become a key element in the diagnosis and therapy of many gastrointestinal diseases affecting children. The aim of this study was to evaluate predictors of positive outcomes in children undergoing their first diagnostic EGD with biopsies at a single center. RESULTS: This retrospective study was based on findings from existing EGD and histopathological reports. All procedures were performed between July 2006 and July 2013...
July 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754091/-visually-impaired-elderly-patient-ingests-pill-desiccant-leading-to-acute-hypoxic-respiratory-failure-requiring-intubation
#13
Wendy Gerstein, Ziyang Liu
BACKGROUND: A significant percentage of elderly patients suffer from both polypharmacy and visual impairment. This combination can increase the risk of an adverse event related to medication. This case highlights an unusual, but potentially deadly, medication adverse event. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old male, visually impaired, ingested a pill desiccant, believing it was the ampicillin/sulbactam tablet he was prescribed for an infected diabetic foot ulcer. He presented to the emergency room with inability to swallow, and imaging revealed the pill desiccant lodged in his upper esophagus...
July 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752419/regional-variability-of-repeat-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-use-in-the-national-veteran-population
#14
Andrew J Gawron, Garrett Cole, Nan Hu, William K Thompson, John Fang, Matthew Samore
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) procedures are performed frequently to evaluate gastrointestinal disease and symptoms. AIM: To determine regional practice variability of repeat EGDs in a national population. METHODS: The study sample included US Veterans with an outpatient index EGD from 1/1/2008 to 12/2010. We determined risk of repeat endoscopy from 1/2008 to 10/1/2014. A logistic regression model was used to assess the association between the odds of repeated EGD and patient demographics, ICD diagnostic codes, and geographic region...
July 31, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735835/effect-of-scheduled-second-look-endoscopy-on-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-a-prospective-randomized-multicenter-trial
#15
Soo Jung Park, Hyojin Park, Yong Chan Lee, Chang Hwan Choi, Tae Joo Jeon, Jun Chul Park, Jie-Hyun Kim, Young Hoon Youn, Yu Jin Kim, Jae Hak Kim, Kwang Jae Lee, Sun Gyo Lim, Hyung Gil Kim, Byoung Wook Bang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of scheduled second-look EGD with endoscopic hemostasis on peptic ulcer rebleeding and sought to identify the risk factors related to the need for second-look EGD. METHODS: We prospectively randomized patients who had endoscopically confirmed bleeding peptic ulcer with stigmata of active bleeding, visible vessel, or adherent clot into 2 groups between August 2010 and January 2013. Hemoclip application or thermal coagulation, and/or epinephrine injection were allowed for initial endoscopic therapy...
July 20, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730132/investigation-of-efficacy-of-lidocaine-spray-for-sedated-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-in-children
#16
Ahmet Basturk, Reha Artan, Aygen Yılmaz
PURPOSE: Our aim in this study is to investigate efficacy of topical lidocaine spray for sedated esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in children. METHODS: The endoscopy of children aged between 3-18 years who underwent EGD in our endoscopy unit. Intravenous (IV) midazolam and ketamine were used for sedation. Prior to sedation, endoscopy nurse applied topical lidocaine 10% with pump spray at 1 mg/kg dose in group 1, and distilled water via identically scaled pump spray in group 2, in a double blinded fashion...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723792/concomitant-stromal-tumor-and-early-cancer-of-the-stomach-what-should-be-done
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yan Xu, Liangfang Shen, Zhaoxia Lu, Xiaowei Liu, Wei Wu, Deyun Feng, Jaladanki N Rao, Lan Xiao, Miao Ouyang
Concomitant gastric stromal tumor (GST) and gastric cancer (GC) is uncommon; even more uncommon is a concomitant GST and early stage GC (EGC). Tumor resection by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for concomitant GST and EGC has not been reported. We sought to define the clinical importance of detection of concomitant GST and EGC during the first esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), and compare the clinical outcomes of ESD versus radical surgery for the treatment of concomitant GST and EGC. Our investigation was a retrospective cohort study...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718228/early-initiation-of-beta-blockers-following-primary-endoscopic-therapy-for-bleeding-oesophageal-varices-in-cirrhotics
#18
Adnan Salim, Kashif Malik, Muhammad Omer Farooq, Umair Butt, Arshad Kamal Butt, Altaf Alam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Beta-blockers provide secondary prophylaxis following endoscopic therapy for variceal bleeding. Guidelines recommend starting beta-blockers 6 days after endoscopy to prevent masking hemodynamic signs of re-bleeding. We aimed to see safety of earlier initiation of betablockers. METHODS: Cirrhotic patients with upper GI bleed were given intravenous vasoactive agents until undergoing endoscopy. Patients with only oesophageal varices as source of bleed were recruited...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717077/gastric-hyperplastic-polyps-associated-with-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-in-a-case-without-a-history-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#19
Shuichi Miyamoto, Mototsugu Kato, Kana Matsuda, Satoshi Abiko, Momoko Tsuda, Takeshi Mizushima, Keiko Yamamoto, Shoko Ono, Takahiko Kudo, Yuichi Shimizu, Kanako C Hatanaka, Izumi Tsunematsu, Naoya Sakamoto
A 56-year-old man with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was referred to our hospital. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed no evidence of any polypoid lesions in the stomach, and the patient had no history of Helicobacter pylori infection. He received omeprazole (20 mg) once daily for the GERD. EGD was performed at 1 year after the start of omeprazole administration, and this time, gastric hyperplastic polyps (GHPs) were detected. The GHPs increased in size as the omeprazole treatment continued, but they markedly decreased in size following omeprazole discontinuation...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713604/metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-presenting-as-gastric-ulcer-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Alhareth Al Juboori, Satinder Kaur, Atigadda Reddy
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for approximately 3% of all adult malignancies. True gastrointestinal metastases, specifically to gastric wall, have been rarely observed. Herein we describe a case of delayed metastasis to gastric wall occurring more than a decade after previously curative nephrectomy for RCC. A 67-year-old male with history of right radical nephrectomy in 2001 for RCC was found to have an asymptomatic right lower lobe solitary lung mass upon routine follow-up in 2011, with final biopsy results showing metastatic RCC for which he was treated accordingly...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
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