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Autophagy, apoptosis, lung cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777940/curcumin-attenuates-cerebral-ischemia-injury-in-sprague-dawley-rats-and-pc12-cells-by-suppressing-overactivated-autophagy
#1
Yan Zhang, Ming Fang, Yameng Sun, Ting Zhang, Nan Shi, Jinfeng Li, Lei Jin, Kangyong Liu, Jianliang Fu
The present study assessed whether the protective effects of curcumin against cerebral ischemia injury were due to the suppression of overactivated autophagy. Curcumin is a well-known natural polyphenolic compound that effectively counteracts oxidation, inflammation, and various types of cancer. Several studies have demonstrated the protective effects of curcumin against ischemia-reperfusion injury in tissues from the lungs, cardiomyocytes, and liver. The present study employed brain injury models induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats and PC12 oxygen-glucose-deprived (OGD) cells...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766327/characterization-of-carfilzomib-resistant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cell-lines
#2
Neale T Hanke, Elliot Imler, Marilyn T Marron, Bruce E Seligmann, Linda L Garland, Amanda F Baker
PURPOSE: We previously showed that carfilzomib (CFZ) has potent anti-proliferative and cytotoxic activity in a broad range of lung cancer cell lines. Here we investigate possible mechanisms of CFZ acquired resistance in lung cancer cell lines. METHODS: CFZ-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines were developed by exposing A549 and H520 cells to stepwise increasing concentrations of CFZ. Resistance to CFZ and cross-resistance to bortezomib and other chemotherapy drugs was measured using the MTT assay...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740674/deacetylmycoepoxydiene-is-an-agonist-of-rac1-and-simultaneously-induces-autophagy-and-apoptosis
#3
Wei Xie, Wei Zhang, Mingwei Sun, Chunhua Lu, Yuemao Shen
Lung cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death in the world. Most cases of lung cancer are not curable, especially non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Thus, novel treatment targets for this malignant disease are urgently needed. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of Rac1 in treating p53-null human NSCLC H1299 as a novel drug target. Deacetylmycoepoxydiene (DA-MED), a cytotoxic natural polyketide, functions as a Rac1 agonist in p53-null NSCLC H1299 cells. DA-MED treatment drives Rac1 activation and promotes robust production of reactive oxygen species, activating mitochondrial permeability transition and the intrinsic apoptotic pathway...
May 9, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731854/cantharidin-suppresses-cell-growth-and-migration-and-activates-autophagy-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#4
Yan-Peng Liu, Ling Li, Liang Xu, E-Nuo Dai, Wei-Da Chen
Cantharidin (CTD), a component of Mylabris (blister beetle), is a traditional Chinese medicine that exerts an anticancer effect in multiple types of cancer cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether CTD exhibited anti-metastatic and inhibitory cell proliferation effects against human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells, and the possible underlying mechanism by which this occurs. The results of the present study demonstrated that CTD arrested proliferation, suppressed invasion and migration and induced apoptosis in A549 cells in vitro ...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725457/function-of-pm2-5-in-the-pathogenesis-of-lung-cancer-and-chronic-airway-inflammatory-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Ruyi Li, Rui Zhou, Jiange Zhang
Previous research has identified that air pollution is associated with various respiratory diseases, but few studies have investigated the function served by particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) in these diseases. PM2.5 is known to cause epigenetic and microenvironmental alterations in lung cancer, including tumor-associated signaling pathway activation mediated by microRNA dysregulation, DNA methylation, and increased levels of cytokines and inflammatory cells. Autophagy and apoptosis of tumor cells may also be detected in lung cancer associated with PM2...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702190/mirna-146a-promotes-chemotherapy-resistance-in-lung-cancer-cells-by-targeting-dna-damage-inducible-transcript-3-chop
#6
Wenfeng Tan, Yi Liao, Yang Qiu, Hongxiang Liu, Deli Tan, Tao Wu, Meng Tang, Shixin Zhang, Haidong Wang
The underlying molecular mechanism of lung cancer drug resistance is poorly understood. The mediator of endoplasmic reticulum stress CHOP (DNA damage inducible transcript 3) promotes stress-induced apoptosis and appears to function as a transcription factor in multiple diseases. However, its potential contributions to multidrug resistance in solid tumors is unknown. Here, we investigated CHOP expression in tumor tissues form 69 lung cancer patients, finding that deficient CHOP expression is associated with poor prognosis...
April 24, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694835/antihypertensive-drug-candesartan-attenuates-trail-resistance-in-human-lung-cancer-via-ampk-mediated-inhibition-of-autophagy-flux
#7
Mohammad Rasheduzzaman, Sang-Youel Park
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) are widely used as antihypertensive drugs. Candesartan is an ARB that has also been known for its anticancer effects but the exact molecular mechanism is remaining elusive. In this research, we showed for the first time that candesartan treatment significantly sensitized human lung adenocarcinoma cells to Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-mediated apoptosis by targeting TRAIL-DR5. TRAIL selectively kills cancer cells by binding to death receptors on the cell membrane, beyond the levels causing minimal toxicity in normal cells...
April 22, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676829/er-stress-mediated-autophagy-protects-against-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-dimethylacrylshikonin-induced-apoptosis-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells
#8
Haibing Wang, Gaochenxi Zhang
β,β-Dimethylacrylshikonin (DMAS) is an anti-cancer compound extracted from the roots of Lithospermum erythrorhizon. This study aims to investigate the effects of DMAS on human lung adenocarcinoma cells in vitro and explored the mechanisms of its anti-cancer action. We demonstrated that DMAS markedly inhibited cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and induced apoptosis as well as autophagy in human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Furthermore, we found that DMAS stimulated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and mediated autophagy via the PERK-eIF2α-ATF4-CHOP and IRE1-TRAF2-JNK axises of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in human lung adenocarcinoma cells...
April 20, 2018: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670369/inhibition-of-nipbl-enhances-the-chemosensitivity-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-via-the-dna-damage-response-and-autophagy-pathway
#9
Lei Zheng, Huanhuan Zhou, Liwei Guo, Xiaoling Xu, Shengjie Zhang, Weizhen Xu, Weimin Mao
Background: Previously, we reported that high expression of nipped-B-like protein (NIPBL) was strongly correlated with poor prognosis, tumor differentiation, and lymph node metastasis. Survival analysis indicated that NIPBL expression was a potential prognostic factor for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Moreover, loss of NIPBL decreased lung cancer cells proliferation, migration, invasion and promoted apoptosis as well as sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents. However, the deep mechanisms were not explored...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670359/d-limonene-exhibits-antitumor-activity-by-inducing-autophagy-and-apoptosis-in-lung-cancer
#10
Xiao Yu, Hongyan Lin, Yu Wang, Wenwen Lv, Shuo Zhang, Ying Qian, Xiaobei Deng, Nannan Feng, Herbert Yu, Biyun Qian
Purpose: d-limonene is a plant extract with widespread application, and it has been recently reported to have antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects on cancer cells. However, the mechanisms by which d-limonene achieves these effects, especially in lung cancer, are not entirely clear. Therefore, the goal of this study was to examine the effects of d-limonene on lung cancer and explore its mechanisms of action. Methods: We examined the therapeutic effects of d-limonene on lung cancer cells and in a xenograft animal model by characterizing its effects on the pathways of apoptosis and autophagy...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658606/chloroquine-inhibits-cell-growth-in-human-a549-lung-cancer-cells-by-blocking-autophagy-and-inducing-mitochondrial%C3%A2-mediated-apoptosis
#11
Likun Liu, Cuicui Han, Haitao Yu, Wenbin Zhu, Hongxia Cui, Lihong Zheng, Chunjing Zhang, Liling Yue
Chloroquine (CQ) has been revealed to exhibit antitumor activity in several human tumors including lung cancer as mono‑ or add‑on therapy. The antitumor effect of CQ appears to depend on the tumor type, stage and genetic context. Few studies have focused on the mechanism concerning the antitumor effect of CQ monotherapy and the cause and effect relationship among autophagy, apoptosis and CQ in human lung A549 cells. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify the antitumor effect of CQ monotherapy and analyze the possible mechanism...
April 12, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616109/hydroxycamptothecin-mediates-antiproliferative-effects-through-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-a549-cells
#12
Yanjie Wei, Chenhao Li, Yuan Zhang, Hailan He, Guozhi Zhang, Xiaohui Hao, Heliang Liu, Hongli Wang, Wei Tian
Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) represents a new generation of anticancer drugs, with almost no side effects when used for the treatment of a number of types of cancer. Autophagy is becoming recognized as an important biological mechanism in human cancer, including lung cancer. However, the involvement of autophagy in the antiproliferative effects of HCPT on lung cancer remains unclear. In the present study, A549 cells, an accepted model of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, were employed. It was demonstrated that HCPT was able to suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis and autophagy in A549 cells...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608981/phytol-isolated-from-watermelon-citrullus-lanatus-sprouts-induces-cell-death-in-human-t-lymphoid-cell-line-jurkat-cells-via-s-phase-cell-cycle-arrest
#13
Tomohiro Itoh, Akito Ono, Kaori Kawaguchi, Sayaka Teraoka, Mayo Harada, Keitaro Sumi, Masashi Ando, Yasuyuki Tsukamasa, Masayuki Ninomiya, Mamoru Koketsu, Toshiharu Hashizume
The phytol isolated from watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) sprouts inhibited the growth of a human T-cell leukemia line Jurkat cell and suppressed tumor progression in a xenograft model of human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell line A549 in nude mice. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the phytol-induced cell death in the present study, we examined the changes in cell morphology, DNA fragmentation, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and performed flow cytometric analysis to evaluate cell cycle stage...
March 30, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577897/the-rna-binding-protein-tristetraprolin-down-regulates-autophagy-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells
#14
Fei Dong, Cen Li, Pu Wang, Xiaoya Deng, Qinli Luo, Xiaokui Tang, Li Xu
Tristetraprolin (TTP) is the most well-known member of RNA-binding zinc-finger protein that play a significant role in accelerating mRNA decay. Increasingly studies have reported that TTP was functioned as a tumor suppressor gene in several types of carcinomas, while its underlying mechanism is not clear yet. In the current study, we found that TTP overexpression decreased cell proliferation and increased cell death in lung adenocarcinoma cells, with the cell cycle arrest at the S phase. Remarkably, instead of inducing cell apoptosis directly, TTP overexpression alters cell autophagy...
March 22, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574020/sirt1-and-micrornas-the-role-in-breast-lung-and-prostate-cancers
#15
REVIEW
Hedyieh Karbasforooshan, Ali Roohbakhsh, Gholamreza Karimi
Breast cancer and prostate cancer are the most common malignant tumors in female and men, respectively. Furthermore, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. It is an emergency to develop a powerful strategy to treat these threatening cancers more effectively, because of low efficacy and high rates of chemotherapy effects. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small non-coding RNAs, are key regulators of gene expression via induction of translational repression or mRNA degradation. MiRNA deregulation has been linked to cancer initiation and progression...
March 21, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556372/3-epi-12%C3%AE-hydroxyfroside-a-new-cardenolide-induces-cytoprotective-autophagy-via-blocking-the-hsp90-akt-mtor-axis-in-lung-cancer-cells
#16
Yan Sun, Yong-Hao Huang, Feng-Ying Huang, Wen-Li Mei, Quan Liu, Cai-Chun Wang, Ying-Ying Lin, Canhua Huang, Yue-Nan Li, Hao-Fu Dai, Guang-Hong Tan
Rationale: Cardenolides have potential as anticancer drugs. 3'-epi-12β-hydroxyfroside (HyFS) is a new cardenolide structure isolated by our research group, but its molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. This study investigates the relationship between its antitumor activities and autophagy in lung cancer cells. Methods: Cell growth and proliferation were detected by MTT, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, 5-ethynyl-20-deoxyuridine (EDU) and colony formation assays. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552290/erk-inhibition-represses-gefitinib-resistance-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#17
Mengfan Qi, Ye Tian, Wang Li, Dan Li, Tian Zhao, Yuxin Yang, Qiwen Li, Sujun Chen, Yan Yang, Zhixiong Zhang, Liang Tang, Zhonghua Liu, Bo Su, Fei Li, Yonghong Feng, Ke Fei, Peng Zhang, Fan Zhang, Lei Zhang
Gefitinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with activating EGFR mutations. However, the resistance to gefitinib eventually emerges in most of the patients. To understand its mechanism, we generated two acquired gefitinib-resistant NSCLC cell lines. The resistant cells have slower growth rates, but are more resistant to apoptosis in the presence of gefitinib, compared with their sensitive counterparts. In addition, our genome-wide transcriptome analysis reveals unexpected pathways, particularly autophagy, are dysregulated in the gefitinib-resistant cells...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547841/suppressing-autophagy-enhances-disulfiram-copper-induced-apoptosis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
Xi Wu, Xue Xue, Lihui Wang, Wenjing Wang, Jian Han, Xiaoxue Sun, Haotian Zhang, Yueyang Liu, Xiaohang Che, Jingyu Yang, Chunfu Wu
Autophagy, a cellular survival mechanism, is thought to allow the recycling of cellular breakdown products when cancer cells are subjected to chemotherapy, thus decreasing drug-induced apoptosis. Disulfiram (DSF), a drug widely used to control alcoholism, possesses anticancer activity by inducing apoptosis in vitro and in vivo in a copper (Cu)-dependent manner. Our previous studies proved that DSF/Cu exerts increased anti-tumor effects on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) xenograft models, and inhibits NSCLC recurrence driven by ALDH-positive cancer stem cells...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546663/correction-to-licarin-a-induces-cell-death-by-activation-of-autophagy-and-apoptosis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#19
Uma Maheswari, Krishna Ghosh, Sudha Rani Sadras
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake.
March 15, 2018: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545747/cardiac-glycoside-glucoevatromonoside-induces-cancer-type-specific-cell-death
#20
Naira F Z Schneider, Claudia Cerella, Jin-Young Lee, Aloran Mazumder, Kyung Rok Kim, Annelise de Carvalho, Jennifer Munkert, Rodrigo M Pádua, Wolfgang Kreis, Kyu-Won Kim, Christo Christov, Mario Dicato, Hyun-Jung Kim, Byung Woo Han, Fernão C Braga, Cláudia M O Simões, Marc Diederich
Cardiac glycosides (CGs) are natural compounds used traditionally to treat congestive heart diseases. Recent investigations repositioned CGs as potential anticancer agents. To discover novel cytotoxic CG scaffolds, we selected the cardenolide glucoevatromonoside (GEV) out of 46 CGs for its low nanomolar anti-lung cancer activity. GEV presented reduced toxicity toward non-cancerous cell types (lung MRC-5 and PBMC) and high-affinity binding to the Na+ /K+ -ATPase α subunit, assessed by computational docking...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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