Read by QxMD icon Read

Autophagy, apoptosis, lung cancer

Yan Sun, Yong-Hao Huang, Feng-Ying Huang, Wen-Li Mei, Quan Liu, Cai-Chun Wang, Ying-Ying Lin, Canhua Huang, Yue-Nan Li, Hao-Fu Dai, Guang-Hong Tan
Rationale: Cardenolides have potential as anticancer drugs. 3'-epi-12β-hydroxyfroside (HyFS) is a new cardenolide structure isolated by our research group, but its molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. This study investigates the relationship between its antitumor activities and autophagy in lung cancer cells. Methods: Cell growth and proliferation were detected by MTT, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, 5-ethynyl-20-deoxyuridine (EDU) and colony formation assays. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry...
2018: Theranostics
Mengfan Qi, Ye Tian, Wang Li, Dan Li, Tian Zhao, Yuxin Yang, Qiwen Li, Sujun Chen, Yan Yang, Zhixiong Zhang, Liang Tang, Zhonghua Liu, Bo Su, Fei Li, Yonghong Feng, Ke Fei, Peng Zhang, Fan Zhang, Lei Zhang
Gefitinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with activating EGFR mutations. However, the resistance to gefitinib eventually emerges in most of the patients. To understand its mechanism, we generated two acquired gefitinib-resistant NSCLC cell lines. The resistant cells have slower growth rates, but are more resistant to apoptosis in the presence of gefitinib, compared with their sensitive counterparts. In addition, our genome-wide transcriptome analysis reveals unexpected pathways, particularly autophagy, are dysregulated in the gefitinib-resistant cells...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Xi Wu, Xue Xue, Lihui Wang, Wenjing Wang, Jian Han, Xiaoxue Sun, Haotian Zhang, Yueyang Liu, Xiaohang Che, Jingyu Yang, Chunfu Wu
Autophagy, a cellular survival mechanism, is thought to allow the recycling of cellular breakdown products when cancer cells are subjected to chemotherapy, thus decreasing drug-induced apoptosis. Disulfiram (DSF), a drug widely used to control alcoholism, possesses anticancer activity by inducing apoptosis in vitro and in vivo in a copper (Cu)-dependent manner. Our previous studies proved that DSF/Cu exerts increased anti-tumor effects on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) xenograft models, and inhibits NSCLC recurrence driven by ALDH-positive cancer stem cells...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Uma Maheswari, Krishna Ghosh, Sudha Rani Sadras
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake.
March 15, 2018: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Naira F Z Schneider, Claudia Cerella, Jin-Young Lee, Aloran Mazumder, Kyung Rok Kim, Annelise de Carvalho, Jennifer Munkert, Rodrigo M Pádua, Wolfgang Kreis, Kyu-Won Kim, Christo Christov, Mario Dicato, Hyun-Jung Kim, Byung Woo Han, Fernão C Braga, Cláudia M O Simões, Marc Diederich
Cardiac glycosides (CGs) are natural compounds used traditionally to treat congestive heart diseases. Recent investigations repositioned CGs as potential anticancer agents. To discover novel cytotoxic CG scaffolds, we selected the cardenolide glucoevatromonoside (GEV) out of 46 CGs for its low nanomolar anti-lung cancer activity. GEV presented reduced toxicity toward non-cancerous cell types (lung MRC-5 and PBMC) and high-affinity binding to the Na+ /K+ -ATPase α subunit, assessed by computational docking...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Xinran Geng, Yichang Ren, Fangfang Wang, Danmei Tian, Xinsheng Yao, Youwei Zhang, Jinshan Tang
Harmine and its analogs have long been considered as anticancer agents. In vitro analyses suggested that intercalating DNA or inhibiting topoisomerase might contribute to the cytotoxic effect of this class of compound. However, this idea has not been rigorously tested in intact cells. By synthesizing novel derivatives, here we demonstrate that harmines did not activate the DNA damage response, a cellular signaling commonly induced by agents that intercalate DNA or inhibit topoisomerase. These findings suggest that mechanisms other than DNA intercalating or topoisomerase inhibiting contribute to the toxicity of harmines in vivo...
February 28, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Chao-Yue Sun, Ying Zhu, Xiao-Feng Li, Xie-Qi Wang, Li-Peng Tang, Zu-Qing Su, Cai-Yun Li, Guang-Juan Zheng, Bing Feng
Cisplatin, as the first-line anti-tumor agent, is widely used for treatment of a variety of malignancies including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the acquired resistance has been a major obstacle for the clinical application. Scutellarin is a active flavone extracted from Erigeron breviscapus Hand-Mazz that has been shown to exhibit anticancer activities on various types of tumors. Here, we reported that scutellarin was capable of sensitizing A549/DDP cells to cisplatin by enhancing apoptosis and autophagy...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Jiangang Liu, Yingru Xing, Ling Rong
A number of miRNAs have been found to be abnormally expressed or mutated in numerous cancers and thus, are considered to act as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of miR-181 on cisplatin-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In patients with cisplatin-resistant NSCLC, miR-181 expression was found to be markedly decreased. In addition, in the cisplatin-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549/DDP, miR-181 downregulation promoted cell growth and metastasis and inhibited cell apoptosis, whereas miR-181 overexpression exerted the opposite effects...
February 13, 2018: Oncology Reports
D L Kolesnik, O N Pyaskovskaya, G I Solyanik
AIM: To investigate the effect of lactic acidosis on the survival of Lewis lung carcinoma cells under glucose-deprived conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LLC/R9 variant of Lewis lung carcinoma cells was cultured in glucose deficit or complete culture medium. Conditions of lactic acidosis, lactosis, and acidosis were generated in glucose deficit medium. Cell survival, cell cycle, apoptosis, autophagy, and the content of glucose, lactate, vascular endothelial growth factor in the culture medium were determined...
July 2017: Experimental Oncology
Yan Yang, Caiyu Jiang, Yang Yang, Lu Guo, Jiang Huang, Xingren Liu, Chi Wu, Jun Zou
Drug resistance is an important factor leading to the recurrence and metastasis of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) play important roles in drug resistance of tumor cells. The aim of our study was to investigate the mechanism of LncRNA-HOTAIR in regulating drug resistance of NSCLC cells. Our data indicated that HOTAIR was overexpressed in NSCLC cell lines. Silencing of HOTAIR decreased cell proliferation and increased apoptosis of NSCLC cells (A549). Besides that, HOTAIR shRNA transfection suppressed drug resistance of A549 cells to Crizotinib by more effectively inhibiting cell viability and promoting apoptosis compared with HOTAIR scramble group...
February 19, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Uma Maheswari, Krishna Ghosh, Sudha Rani Sadras
Lung cancer has a relatively poor prognosis with a low survival rate and drugs that target other cell death mechanism like autophagy may help improving current therapeutic strategy. This study investigated the anti-proliferative effect of Licarin A (LCA) from Myristica fragrans in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines-A549, NCI-H23, NCI-H520 and NCI-H460. LCA inhibited proliferation of all the four cell lines in a dose and time dependent manner with minimum IC50 of 20.03 ± 3.12, 22.19 ± 1.37 µM in NCI-H23 and A549 cells respectively...
February 21, 2018: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Elaine Lai Han Leung, Lian Xiang Luo, Zhong Qiu Liu, Vincent Kam Wai Wong, Lin Lin Lu, Ying Xie, Ni Zhang, Yuan Qing Qu, Xing Xing Fan, Ying Li, Min Huang, Dai Kai Xiao, Jun Huang, Yan Ling Zhou, Jian Xing He, Jian Ding, Xiao Jun Yao, David C Ward, Liang Liu
Deltarasin is a recently identified small molecule that can inhibit KRAS-PDEδ interactions by binding to a hydrophobic pocket on PDEδ, resulting in the impairment of cell growth, KRAS activity, and RAS/RAF signaling in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cell lines. Since KRAS mutations are the most common oncogene mutations in lung adenocarcinomas, implicated in over 30% of all lung cancer cases, we examined the ability of deltarasin to inhibit KRAS-dependent lung cancer cell growth. Here, for the first time, we document that deltarasin produces both apoptosis and autophagy in KRAS-dependent lung cancer cells in vitro and inhibits lung tumor growth in vivo...
February 13, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Jun Ma, Kaiming Wu, Kuanzhi Liu, Rong Miao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ability of MALAT1 to influence non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells in vitro and tumor xenograft growth in vivo by modulating autophagy. METHODS: LncRNA MALAT-1 in normal HBE cells and human NSCLC cells was measured. A549 cells were treated with si-MALAT-1, negative control and si-MALAT-1 + rapamycin. The mRNA levels of MALAT-1, P62 and LC3 was determined by the qRT-PCR and the protein levels of autophagy-related proteins by the western blotting...
January 29, 2018: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Qian Wang, Yalan Guo, Shanshan Jiang, Mengxue Dong, Kudelaidi Kuerban, Jiyang Li, Meiqing Feng, Ying Chen, Li Ye
BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma is the most primary histologic subtype of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Compound 8b, a novel coumarin derivative with phenylsulfonylfuroxan group, shows significant antiproliferation activity against lung adenocarcinoma cell with low toxicity. PURPOSE: This study aims to uncover the potential of compound 8b in relation to apoptosis as well as autophagy induction in lung adenocarcinoma cells. STUDY DESIGN: The cytotoxicity and apoptosis of A549 and H1299 cells induced by compound 8b were detected by MTT, microscope and western blot analysis...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Uddin Md Nazim, Jae-Kyo Jeong, Sang-Youel Park
Tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), a type II transmembrane protein, belongs to the TNF superfamily. Compared to other family members, TRAIL is a promising anti-cancer agent that can selectively induce apoptosis of various types of transformed cells and xenografts, with negligible cytotoxicity against normal tissues. Ophiopogonin B is a bioactive ingredient of Radix Ophiopogon japonicus , which is frequently used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat cancer. In this study, we report that Cellular FLICE (FADD-like IL-1β-converting enzyme)-inhibitory protein (c-FLIP) is the key determinant mediating TRAIL resistance in A549 cells and Ophiopogonin B downregulates c-FLIP and enhances TRAIL-induced apoptosis by activating autophagy flux...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Imran Khan, Ashutosh Bahuguna, Monika Bhardwaj, Tejinder Pal Khaket, Sun Chul Kang
Carvacrol is a monoterpenoid flavonoid found abundantly in thyme plants. Its physiochemical instability and partial solubility in water is the principal limitation for its industrial use. Hence, we made a carvacrol nanoemulsion (CANE) using ultrasonication method and characterized it by dynamic light scattering (DLS) technique which revealed a negative surface charge (-29.89 mV) with 99.1 nm average droplet size. CANE effectively induced apoptosis in doxorubicin-resistant A549 lung carcinoma cells (A549 DR ) evident by the elevated expression of apoptotic proteins such as Bax, Cytochrome C, and Cleaved caspase 3 and 9...
February 6, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Chutima Kaewpiboon, Nawong Boonnak, Sirichat Kaowinn, Young-Hwa Chung
Multidrug resistance (MDR) cancer toward cancer chemotherapy is one of the obstacles in cancer therapy. Therefore, it is of interested to use formoxanthone C (1,3,5,6-tetraoxygenated xanthone; XanX), a natural compound, which showed cytotoxicity against MDR human A549 lung cancer (A549RT-eto). The treatment with XanX induced not only apoptosis- in A549RT-eto cells, but also autophagy-cell death. Inhibition of apoptosis did not block XanX-induced autophagy in A549RT-eto cells. Furthermore, suppression of autophagy by beclin-1 small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) did not interrupt XanX-induced apoptosis, indicating that XanX can separately induce apoptosis and autophagy...
July 26, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Yefang Hu, Xi Li, Ling Lin, Siting Liang, Jian Yan
Puerarin, an isoflavone isolated from Kudzu roots, has been demonstrated to have beneficial effect on cardiovascular and cerebral vascular diseases. Recently research has revealed that puerarin exerts an anticancer role in many different types of cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antitumor effects of puerarin on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Treatment of puerarin significantly inhibited the growth of NSCLC cell lines as determined by CCK-8 kit in vitro. Flow cytometry results indicated that puerarin treatments promoted NSCLC cell apoptosis...
January 26, 2018: Oncology Reports
Kenneth K W To, William K K Wu, Herbert H F Loong
We aimed to develop novel drug combination strategy to overcome drug resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs) in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a nuclear receptor, which upon activation upregulates phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) to inhibit cell signaling downstream of PI3K to mediate apoptosis. To this end, PTEN loss is a known mechanism contributing to resistance to EGFR TKIs...
January 30, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Mohammad Hossein Asghari, Emad Ghobadi, Milad Moloudizargari, Marjan Fallah, Mohammad Abdollahi
Our knowledge regarding the implications of melatonin in the therapy of numerous medical conditions, including cancer is constantly expanding. Melatonin can variably affect cancer pathology via targeting several key aspects of any neoplastic condition, including the very onset of carcinogenesis as well as tumor growth, differentiation, and dissemination. Numerous studies have examined the effects of melatonin in the context of various cancers reporting the enhanced efficacy of chemo/radiotherapy in combination with this compound...
March 1, 2018: Life Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"