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Perforated Appendix

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755780/appendiceal-diverticulosis-a-harbinger-of-underlying-primary-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma
#1
Jia Lin Ng, Shing Lih Wong, Ronnie Mathew
Diagnosis of primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma (PAA) is hindered by its rarity and largely asymptomatic nature. Appendiceal diverticulosis (AD) is equally rare. We report an unusual case of PAA presenting with perforated appendiceal diverticulitis, and discuss a review of the literature about its association, and its surgical and pathological implications. A middle-aged man was admitted with right iliac fossa (RIF) pain and a corresponding tender abdominal mass for 5 days. Computerised tomography (CT) scan demonstrated a thickened appendix with 3 cm abscess at its base...
April 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753277/amyand-s-hernia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Youssef Shaban, Adel Elkbuli, Mark McKenney, Dessy Boneva
INTRODUCTION: An Amyand hernia is a rare disease where the appendix is found within an inguinal hernia sac. This rare entity is named after the French born English surgeon, Dr. Claudius Amyand. Inguinal hernias are one of the most common surgeries that a general surgeon performs with more than 20 million inguinal hernia repairs performed yearly worldwide. The incidence of finding an appendix within the hernia sac is rare, occurring in less than 1% of inguinal hernia patients and when complications arise such as inflammation, perforation, or abscess formation it becomes exceptionally rare with an incidence of about 0...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750708/endometrioid-adenocarcinoma-with-solitary-metastasis-to-the-appendix-mimicking-primary-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Qiujie Ma, Jianshe Wu
Metastatic tumors of the appendix are rare. Endometrial cancer tends to metastasize by directly invading neighboring structures; the lung, liver, bones, and brain are common sites of distant metastasis. Herein, we present a case of a solitary endometrial metastatic tumor in the appendiceal mucosa without serosal involvement that mimicked a primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix. The patient who had undergone a radical hysterectomy for an endometrioid adenocarcinoma 3 years earlier presented to the hospital with a history of persistent right-lower abdominal pain...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741752/abdominal-drainage-to-prevent-intra-peritoneal-abscess-after-open-appendectomy-for-complicated-appendicitis
#4
REVIEW
Zhe Li, Longshuan Zhao, Yao Cheng, Nansheng Cheng, Yilei Deng
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy, the surgical removal of the appendix, is performed primarily for acute appendicitis. Patients who undergo appendectomy for complicated appendicitis, defined as gangrenous or perforated appendicitis, are more likely to suffer from postoperative complications. The routine use of abdominal drainage to reduce postoperative complications after appendectomy for complicated appendicitis is controversial.This is an update of the review first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of abdominal drainage to prevent intra-peritoneal abscess after open appendectomy for complicated appendicitis...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730945/-diverticulosis-and-diverticulitis-of-the-vermiform-appendix-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Tamás Vass, Attila Zaránd, Dániel Horányi, László Harsányi
Diverticulitis of the vermiform appendix is a rare disease with clinical features often similar to conventional acute appendicitis. The importance of appendiceal diverticulosis is the fact that it can lead to an early and a higher incidence of perforation and therefore a higher mortality rate, in contrast to acute appendicitis alone. In this study we present the clinicopathology, diagnosis and therapy of the disease with a review of the literature. A 65-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with a 48-hour history of intermittent pain in the right iliac fossa...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702463/amyand-s-hernia-complicated-with-appendix-perforation-treated-by-two-stage-surgery-consisting-of-laparoscopic-appendectomy-followed-by-elective-inguinal-hernioplasty-a-case-report
#6
Ryujiro Akaishi, Ryuichi Nishimura, Kiminari Naoshima, Shukichi Miyazaki
INTRODUCTION: An inguinal hernia with an incarcerated appendix is defined as Amyand's hernia, and it is relatively rare. Amyand's hernia complicated with appendicitis, especially perforated appendicitis, is even rarer. Postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) is a dangerous complication, especially in Amyand's hernia with appendix perforation. The selection of an appropriate surgical approach is necessary to prevent postoperative SSI. Here, we report a case of Amyand's hernia complicated with appendix perforation that was successfully managed using a two-stage surgical approach consisting of laparoscopic appendectomy followed by elective inguinal hernioplasty...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664657/enterobius-vermicularis-a-cause-of-abdominal-pain-mimicking-acute-appendicitis-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Mohamed Zouari, Hamid Louati, Imen Abid, Fatma Trabelsi, Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Mohamed Jallouli, Riadh Mhiri
BACKGROUND: Enterobius vermicularis (EV) is the most common helminthic infection in the world. This small parasite is predominant in the pediatric population. The presence of EV in the appendix can cause or mimick appendicitis. The aim of our study was to compare patients with EV infection and those without EV infection, and to identify predictive factors that may help the diagnosis of EV infection in patients presenting with right iliac fossa pain and avoid negative appendectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all the appendices removed between January 2012 and December 2016 was conducted at the department of pediatric surgery, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663311/interobserver-variability-in-the-classification-of-appendicitis-during-laparoscopy
#8
A L van den Boom, E M L de Wijkerslooth, K A L Mauff, I Dawson, C C van Rossem, B R Toorenvliet, B P L Wijnhoven
BACKGROUND: The intraoperative classification of appendicitis dictates the patient's postoperative management. Prolonged antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended for complex appendicitis (gangrenous, perforated, abscess), whereas preoperative prophylaxis suffices for simple appendicitis. Distinguishing these two conditions can be challenging. The aim of this study was to assess interobserver variability in the classification of appendicitis during laparoscopy. METHODS: Short video recordings taken during laparoscopy for suspected appendicitis were shown to surgeons and surgical residents...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655492/isolated-acute-appendicitis-caused-by-aspergillus-in-a-patient-who-underwent-lung-transplantation-a-case-report
#9
H S Kim, H J Yeo, D H Shin, W H Cho, D Kim
Invasive aspergillosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who have undergone lung transplantation. Aspergillus infections usually involve the respiratory tract, with vascular invasion and subsequent dissemination. However, acute appendicitis associated with localized aspergillosis is rare, especially among patients who have undergone prophylaxis with voriconazole. We present a case of primary Aspergillus appendicitis diagnosed by histologic examination in a patient who underwent lung transplantation...
April 11, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629887/the-correlation-between-laboratory-markers-and-computed-tomography-severity-index-in-acute-appendicitis
#10
Yeliz Akturk, Serra Ozbal Gunes, Baki Hekimoglu
A M: This study aimed to evaluate and to investigate the association of some laboratory markers with the stage of the acute appendicitis. MATER AL AND METHODS: The hematological parameters (white blood cell count, red cell distribution width, platellet distribution width, mean corpuscular volume, and mean platelet volume values) and tomography scans of 200 patients who admitted to the emergency department with abdominal pain were retrospectively reviewed. Computed tomography grading about the severity of the cases was carried out by two radiologists, as grade 0 for normal appendix to grade 3 for perforated appencities...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595695/comamonas-kerstersii-bacteremia-in-a-patient-with-acute-perforated-appendicitis-a-rare-case-report
#11
Yun-Heng Zhou, Hong-Xia Ma, Zhao-Yang Dong, Mei-Hua Shen
RATIONALE: Comamonas species are rarely associated with human infections. Recent reports found that Comamonas kerstersii was associated with severe diseases such as abdominal infection and bacteremia. However, C. kerstersii maybe be confused with Comamonas testosteroni using the automatic bacterial identification systems currently available. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 31-year-old man who had onset of left upper abdominal pain developed clinical manifestations of right lower abdominal pain and classic migration of pain at the temperature of 39°C...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595660/sealing-of-the-cystic-and-appendix-arteries-with-monopolar-electrocautery-during-laparoscopic-combined-cholecystectomy-and-appendectomy
#12
Gui-Bao Liu, Yuan-Yuan Mao, Chang-Ping Yang, Jin-Lin Cao
The best method to ligate the arteries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy or appendectomy remains controversy. The aim of this study is to introduce a new approach during laparoscopic combined cholecystectomy and appendectomy using a monopolar electrocautery to seal the cystic and appendix arteries. We retrospectively reviewed data from 57 patients who underwent laparoscopic combined cholecystectomy and appendectomy between December 2006 and June 2016. Each laparoscopic combined cholecystectomy and appendectomy was performed by coagulating and sealing the cystic and appendix arteries...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592991/de-garengeot-s-hernia-a-rare-presentation-of-the-wandering-appendix
#13
Saad Ikram, Ahmed Kaleem, Deepak Satyapal, Syed Muzaffar Ahmad
A hernia is defined as a protrusion of an organ or its fascia through a sac of its containing cavity. The presentation of an inflamed appendix inside an incarcerated femoral hernia is termed de Garengeot's hernia. Almost exclusively seen in the female patient, this type of hernia like all others can undergo strangulation leading to complications including appendicitis with or without perforation. Management as described in literature usually comprises open or laparoscopic approach, followed by appendectomy and repair of the femoral hernia with or without mesh...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580358/clinicopathological-features-and-management-of-appendiceal-mucoceles-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
William F Morano, Elizabeth M Gleeson, Sean H Sullivan, Vennila Padmanaban, Beth L Mapow, Patricia A Shewokis, Jesus Esquivel, Wilbur B Bowne
Appendiceal mucoceles (AMs) are rare mucin-containing neoplasms with malignant potential. Lack of evidence-based data exists defining clinicopathological features for management. MEDLINE search between 1995 and 2015 was performed using search criteria "Appendix mucocele." Systematic review of patient-, pathologic-, and treatment-related characteristics was performed and data analyzed. Among 276 cases of non-perforated AMs, 163 (59%) patients were female, with variable and nonspecific presentation...
February 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544230/update-on-transumbilical-single-incision-laparoscopic-assisted-appendectomy-tulaa-which-children-benefit-and-what-are-the-complications
#15
Martin Dübbers, Elena Nikolaou, Hans Fuchs, Janina Fischer, Hakan Alakus, Jessica Leers, Christiane Bruns, Grigore Cernaianu
BACKGROUND: Transumbilical laparoscopic-assisted appendectomy (TULAA) is fast and cost-effective since no endoloops, staplers or wound protection devices are used. We analyzed the effects of TULAA as first approach for perforated (PA) and non-perforated (NPA) appendicitis in children. PATIENTS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 181 children for whom TULAA was the first approach for appendicitis between October 2010 and March 2016. METHODS: Morbidity, additional laparoscopic instrument insertion (AI), conversions to open extraumbilical appendectomy (OC), and complications were evaluated...
March 15, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519569/does-size-matter-correlation-of-ultrasound-findings-in-children-without-clinical-evidence-of-acute-appendicitis
#16
Tishara Wijayanayaka, Jacob Davidson, Andreana Bütter
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether children with a positive ultrasound (US) for acute appendicitis but a negative clinical picture developed appendicitis requiring definitive management. METHODS: After obtaining IRB approval, we conducted a retrospective review of patients ≤17years who presented with possible acute appendicitis between April 1st, 2014, and December 31st, 2015. We included patients with a US suggestive of acute appendicitis based on size criteria but without concerning clinical features...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499722/contract-study-conservative-treatment-of-appendicitis-in-children-feasibility-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Natalie Hutchings, Wendy Wood, Isabel Reading, Erin Walker, Jane M Blazeby, William Van't Hoff, Bridget Young, Esther M Crawley, Simon Eaton, Maria Chorozoglou, Frances C Sherratt, Lucy Beasant, Harriet Corbett, Michael P Stanton, Simon Grist, Elizabeth Dixon, Nigel J Hall
BACKGROUND: Currently, the routine treatment for acute appendicitis in the United Kingdom is an appendicectomy. However, there is increasing scientific interest and research into non-operative treatment of appendicitis in adults and children. While a number of studies have investigated non-operative treatment of appendicitis in adults, this research cannot be applied to the paediatric population. Ultimately, we aim to perform a UK-based multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT) to test the clinical and cost effectiveness of non-operative treatment of acute uncomplicated appendicitis in children, as compared with appendicectomy...
March 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488087/bacterial-culture-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-in-patients-with-acute-appendicitis
#18
Dae Woon Song, Byung Kwan Park, Suk Won Suh, Seung Eun Lee, Jong Won Kim, Joong-Min Park, Hye Ryoun Kim, Mi-Kyung Lee, Yoo Shin Choi, Beom Gyu Kim, Yong Gum Park
PURPOSE: Essential treatment of acute appendicitis is surgical resection with the use of appropriate antibiotics. In order to effectively treat acute appendicitis, it is important to identify the microorganism of acute appendicitis and evaluate the effective antibiotics. METHODS: A total of 694 patients who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis and had positive microbial result between 2006 and 2015 were recruited. For microbial assessment, luminal contents of the appendix were swabbed after appendectomy...
April 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482082/metastatic-gastric-adenocarcinoma-and-synchronous-carcinoid-tumour-mimicking-appendicitis-a-case-report
#19
Q B Tran, R Mizumoto, S Ratnayake, B Strekozov
INTRODUCTION: Silent metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma presenting as appendicitis is very rare. Rare pathologies may be encountered during common operations such as appendicectomy and an awareness of possible alternative pathological entities would be helpful in a surgeon's wealth of knowledge. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 63-year-old man presented with a three-day history of acute abdominal pain suggestive of appendicitis. Intra-operatively, a macroscopically inflamed and perforated appendix was found...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475169/raoultella-planticola-associated-necrotizing-appendicitis-a-novel-case-report
#20
Gayathri Naganathan, Nalin Kumar Amin
INTRODUCTION: Raoultella Planticola is a gram negative, aerobic, rod bacteria found in water and soil and is rarely reported to cause infections in humans. This case study is the first of its kind in reporting R. planticola appendicitis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a woman presenting with a two-day history of increased weakness, fatigue and anorexia, localized pain to the right lower quadrant, and elevated white blood cell count. CT results demonstrated acute uncomplicated appendicitis which was managed via laparoscopic appendectomy...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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