Read by QxMD icon Read

C-kit ligand

Marlon C Rebelatto, Anita Midha, Amita Mistry, Constantine Sabalos, Nicole Schechter, Xia Li, Xiaoping Jin, Keith E Steele, Paul B Robbins, John A Blake-Haskins, Jill Walker
BACKGROUND: A high-quality programmed cell-death ligand 1 (PD-L1) diagnostic assay may help predict which patients are more likely to respond to anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PD-L1 antibody-based cancer therapy. Here we describe a PD-L1 immunohistochemical (IHC) staining protocol developed by Ventana Medical Systems Inc. and key analytical parameters of its use in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC)...
October 8, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
Wafa Bouleftour, Renata Neves Granito, Arnaud Vanden-Bossche, Odile Sabido, Bernard Roche, Mireille Thomas, Marie Thérèse Linossier, Jane E Aubin, Marie-Hélène Lafage-Proust, Laurence Vico, Luc Malaval
The bone organ integrates the activity of bone tissue, bone marrow and blood vessels and the factors ensuring this coordination remain ill defined. Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is with osteopontin (OPN) a member of the Small Integrin Binding Ligand N-Linked Glycoprotein (SIBLING) family, involved in bone formation, hematopoiesis and angiogenesis. In rodents, bone marrow ablation induces a rapid formation of medullary bone which peaks by ∼8 days (d8) and is blunted in BSP-/- mice. We investigated the coordinate hematopoietic and vascular recolonization of the bone shaft after marrow ablation of 2 month old BSP + /+ and BSP-/- mice...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
G Avallone, V Pellegrino, P Roccabianca, E Lepri, L Crippa, G Beha, L De Tolla, G Sarli
The expression of tyrosine kinase receptors is attracting major interest in human and veterinary oncological pathology because of their role as targets for adjuvant therapies. Little is known about tyrosine kinase receptor (TKR) expression in canine liposarcoma (LP), a soft tissue sarcoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of the TKRs fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFRβ); their ligands, fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and platelet-derived growth factor B (PDGFB); and c-kit in canine LP...
October 3, 2016: Veterinary Pathology
P Noveski, K Popovska-Jankovic, K Kubelka-Sabit, V Filipovski, S Lazarevski, T Plaseski, D Plaseska-Karanfilska
Spermatogenesis is a complex process that involves thousands of genes whose expression during different stages is strictly regulated. Small non-coding microRNAs play an important role in the posttranscriptional regulation of mRNA processing during spermatogenesis. Using Agilent SurePrint v16 microRNA 8 × 60 K microarray kit, we investigated the microRNA expression profiles of 24 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded testicular biopsies from patients with hypospermatogenesis (n = 10), hypospermatogenesis and azoospermia factor c region on the Y chromosome (AZFc) deletion (n = 3), Sertoli cell-only syndrome (n = 3) and maturation arrest (n = 2), in comparison with subjects with normal spermatogenesis (n = 6)...
August 27, 2016: Andrology
B Samuel Thavamani, Molly Mathew, S P Dhanabal
BACKGROUND: Protein-ligand interaction plays a major role in identification of the possible mechanism by which a ligand can bind with the target and exerts the pharmacological action. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to identify the best candidate of Cocculus hirsutus which binds with the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) targets by docking studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The reported phytoconstituents such as coclaurine, hirsutine, cohirsine, cohirsinine, lirioresinol, cohirsitinine, haiderine, jamtinine, isotrilobine, shaheenine, jamtine, and cocsoline present in the plant, C...
May 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
J Z Tan, E M Nie, C Y Zhang, R Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of zinc ion on the expression of osteoblastic proteins. METHODS: Mice osteoblasts MC3T3-E1 cells were subcultured. Inflammatory environment model was established by tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α)at a concentration of 10 mg/L. According to different concentration of Zn(2+), the cells were divided into TNF-α group, control group, group A(TNF-α+10(-4) mol/L Zn(2+)), group B(TNF-α+10(-5) mol/L Zn(2+)), group C(TNF-α+10(-6) mol/L Zn(2+))...
August 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Paula F Lima, Cinthia M Ormond, Ester S Caixeta, Rodrigo G Barros, Christopher A Price, José Buratini
In vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes in cattle is inefficient, and there is great interest in the development of approaches to improve maturation and fertilization rates. Intraovarian signalling molecules are being explored as potential additives to IVM media. One such factor is kit ligand (KITL), which stimulates the growth of oocytes. We determined if KITL enhances oocyte maturation in cattle. The two main isoforms of KITL (KITL1 and KITL2) were expressed in bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC), and levels of mRNA increased during FSH-stimulated IVM...
November 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Feiye Zhu, Shan Xu, Yongsheng Zhang, Fangming Chen, Jinjun Ji, Guanqun Xie
OBJECTIVES: Using an atropine-diphenoxylate-induced slow transit constipation (STC) model, this study explored the effects of the total glucosides of paeony (TGP) in the treatment of STC and the possible mechanisms. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective experimental animal study. METHODS: The constipation model was set up in rats with an oral gavage of atropine-diphenoxylate and then treated with the TGP. The volume and moisture content of the faeces were observed and the intestinal kinetic power was evaluated...
2016: PloS One
Betul Celik, Arzu Didem Yalcin, Gizem Esra Genc, Tangul Bulut, Sibel Kuloglu Genc, Saadet Gumuslu
The influence of biomarkers on carcinogenesis has been investigated extensively. Whether they promote carcinogenesis or work against cancer development remains to be elucidated. To the best of our knowledge, the novel molecule cluster of differentiation 200 (CD200) has not been studied on human breast cancer subjects. The present study aimed to evaluate interleukin-1β (IL-1β), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8 (CXCL8), cancer antigen 15.3 (CA 15.3) and the soluble CD200 (sCD200) levels in the serum samples of breast carcinoma patients in order to predict their role in breast carcinoma...
August 2016: Biomedical Reports
Wakako Kuribayashi, Kazuya Takizawa, Kenji Sugata, Madoka Kuramitsu, Haruka Momose, Eita Sasaki, Yuki Hiradate, Keiko Furuhata, Yoshihisa Asada, Atsushi Iwama, Masao Matsuoka, Takuo Mizukami, Isao Hamaguchi
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is a malignant disease caused by human T-lymphotropic virus type 1. In aggressive ATL, the response to chemotherapy is extremely poor. We hypothesized that this poor response is due to the existence of chemotherapy-resistant cells, such as leukemic stem cells. Previously, we successfully identified an ATL stem cell (ATLSC) candidate as the c-kit+/CD38-/CD71- cells in an ATL mouse model using Tax transgenic mice. Here, with a new ATL mouse model using HBZ-transgenic mice, we further discovered that the functional ATLSC candidate, which commonly expresses c-kit, is drug-resistant and has the ability to initiate tumors and reconstitute lymphomatous cells...
June 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Michele Ammendola, Rosario Sacco, Giuseppe Sammarco, Maria Luposella, Rosa Patruno, Cosmo Damiano Gadaleta, Giovambattista De Sarro, Girolamo Ranieri
Mast cells (MCs) are cells that originate in the bone marrow from pluripotent CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells. Precursors of MCs migrate through the circulation to their target tissues, completing their maturation process into granulated cells under the influence of several microenvironment growth factors. The most important of these factors is the ligand for the c-Kit receptor (c-Kit-R) namely stem cell factor (SCF), secreted mainly by fibroblasts and endothelial cells (ECs). SCF also regulates development, survival and de novo proliferation of MCs...
March 2016: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
Andres Rojas, Pingyu Zhang, Ying Wang, Wai Chin Foo, Nina M Muñoz, Lianchun Xiao, Jing Wang, Gregory J Gores, Mien-Chie Hung, Boris Blechacz
UNLABELLED: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is globally the second most common cause of cancer mortality. The majority of HCC patients are diagnosed at advanced stage disease for which no curative treatments exist. TGF-β has been identified as a potential therapeutic target. However, the molecular mechanisms mediating its functional switch from a tumor suppressor to tumor promoter in HCC and its interactions with other signaling pathways are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate an aberrant molecular network between the TGF-β and c-KIT pathway that mediates the functional switch of TGF-β to a driver of tumor progression in HCC...
June 2016: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Douaa Dhahri, Kaori Sato-Kusubata, Makiko Ohki-Koizumi, Chiemi Nishida, Yoshihiko Tashiro, Shinya Munakata, Hiroshi Shimazu, Yousef Salama, Salita Eiamboonsert, Hiromitsu Nakauchi, Koichi Hattori, Beate Heissig
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), aside from its vascular fibrinolytic action, exerts various effects within the body, ranging from synaptic plasticity to control of cell fate. Here, we observed that by activating plasminogen and matrix metalloproteinase-9, tPA expands murine bone marrow-derived CD45(-)TER119(-)Sca-1(+)PDGFRα(+) mesenchymal stromal cells (PαS-MSCs) in vivo through a crosstalk between PαS-MSCs and endothelial cells. Mechanistically, tPA induces the release of Kit ligand from PαS-MSCs, which activates c-Kit(+) endothelial cells to secrete MSC growth factors: platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2)...
August 25, 2016: Blood
Hyuck Kim, Hyo Sun Roh, Jai Eun Kim, Sun Dong Park, Won Hwan Park, Jin-Young Moon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Stromal cell-derived growth factor 1 (SDF-1), also known as chemokine ligand 12, and chemokine receptor type 4 are involved in cancer cell migration. Compound K (CK), a metabolite of protopanaxadiol-type ginsenoside by gut microbiota, is reported to have therapeutic potential in cancer therapy. However, the inhibitory effect of CK on SDF-1 pathway-induced migration of glioma has not yet been established. MATERIALS/METHODS: Cytotoxicity of CK in C6 glioma cells was determined using an EZ-Cytox cell viability assay kit...
June 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
Ke Zuo, Dong Kuang, Ying Wang, Yanli Xia, Weilin Tong, Xiaoyan Wang, Yaobin Chen, Yaqi Duan, Guoping Wang
C-kit positive cardiac stem cells (CSCs) have been shown to contribute to myocardial regeneration after infarction. Previously, we have shown that the c-kit ligand stem cell factor (SCF) can induce CSC migration into the infarcted area during myocardial infarction (MI). However, the precise mechanism involved is not fully understood. In this study, we found that CSCs also express C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), which is a typical member of the seven transmembrane-spanning G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)...
2016: Scientific Reports
David Kung-Chun Chiu, Iris Ming-Jing Xu, Robin Kit-Ho Lai, Aki Pui-Wah Tse, Larry Lai Wei, Hui-Yu Koh, Lynna Lan Li, Derek Lee, Regina Cheuk-Lam Lo, Chun-Ming Wong, Irene Oi-Lin Ng, Carmen Chak-Lui Wong
UNLABELLED: A population of stromal cells, myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), is present in tumors. Though studies have gradually revealed the protumorigenic functions of MDSCs, the molecular mechanisms guiding MDSC recruitment remain largely elusive. Hypoxia, O2 deprivation, is an important factor in the tumor microenvironment of solid cancers, whose growth often exceeds the growth of functional blood vessels. Here, using hepatocellular carcinoma as the cancer model, we show that hypoxia is an important driver of MDSC recruitment...
September 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
K V Diveshkumar, Saaz Sakrikar, Frédéric Rosu, S Harikrishna, Valérie Gabelica, P I Pradeepkumar
Stabilization of G-quadruplex DNA structures by small molecules has emerged as a promising strategy for the development of anticancer drugs. Since G-quadruplex structures can adopt various topologies, attaining specific stabilization of a G-quadruplex topology to halt a particular biological process is daunting. To achieve this, we have designed and synthesized simple structural scaffolds based on an indolylmethyleneindanone pharmacophore, which can specifically stabilize the parallel topology of promoter quadruplex DNAs (c-MYC, c-KIT1, and c-KIT2), when compared to various topologies of telomeric and duplex DNAs...
June 28, 2016: Biochemistry
Amy Sinclair, Laura Park, Mansi Shah, Mark Drotar, Simon Calaminus, Lisa E M Hopcroft, Ross Kinstrie, Amelie V Guitart, Karen Dunn, Sheela A Abraham, Owen Sansom, Alison M Michie, Laura Machesky, Kamil R Kranc, Gerard J Graham, Francesca Pellicano, Tessa L Holyoake
The regulation of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) survival and self-renewal within the bone marrow (BM) niche is not well understood. We therefore investigated global transcriptomic profiling of normal human HSC/hematopoietic progenitor cells [HPCs], revealing that several chemokine ligands (CXCL1-4, CXCL6, CXCL10, CXCL11, and CXCL13) were upregulated in human quiescent CD34(+)Hoescht(-)Pyronin Y(-) and primitive CD34(+)38(-), as compared with proliferating CD34(+)Hoechst(+)Pyronin Y(+) and CD34(+)38(+) stem/progenitor cells...
July 21, 2016: Blood
Dayana Sazereen Mohd Hasni, Siong Meng Lim, Ai Vyrn Chin, Maw Pin Tan, Philip Jun Hua Poi, Shahrul Bahyah Kamaruzzaman, Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed, Kalavathy Ramasamy
AIM: Cytokines released from chronically-activated microglia could result in neuroinflammation. An accurate profile of the relationship between cytokines and Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis, as well as the patterns of these inflammatory mediators in AD patients could lead to the identification of peripheral markers for the disease. The present study was undertaken to identify pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines associated with AD in the Malaysian population. METHODS: Further to informed consent from 39 healthy subjects and 39 probable AD patients, 8...
May 23, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Luis Cezar Farias de Oliveira, Taís Marolato Danilucci, Antonio Hernandes Chaves-Neto, Ana Paula Campanelli, Tereza Cristina Cardoso da Silva, Sandra Helena Penha Oliveira
The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanism involved in the stem cell factor (SCF)-induced production of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3 (CCL3) in tracheal smooth muscle cells (tSMCs) and the signaling pathway involved in the process. tSMC primary cultures were stimulated with SCF and evaluated at 24 h. Cells treated with specific antibodies did not show any immunolabeling for cytokeratin or fibroblast activation protein, but were positive for α-smooth muscle actin, indicating the purity of the primary cell line...
June 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"