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C-kit ligand

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115622/unbs5162-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-esophageal-cancer-squamous-cells-via-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#1
Dan He, Suolin Zhang
C‑X‑C motif chemokine ligand (CXCL) signaling has been demonstrated to be involved in cancer invasion and migration; therefore, CXCL antagonists may serve as anticancer drugs by preventing tumor proliferation. The present study aimed to investigate whether a pan antagonist of CXCLs, UNBS5162, may inhibit esophageal cancer proliferation and to identify the underlying mechanisms. Cell proliferation and cell colony formation results, which were determined by a Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay and crystal violet staining, respectively, demonstrated that UNBS5162 inhibited esophageal cancer cell proliferation...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112292/a-kit-ligand-stem-cell-factor-as-a-possible-mediator-inducing-overactive-bladder
#2
Yasue Kubota, Takashi Hamakawa, Satoshi Osaga, Atsushi Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Noriyasu Kawai, Kenjiro Kohri, Takahiro Yasui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether c-kit ligand, stem cell factor (SCF) affects the biological behavior of overactive bladder (OAB) and discuss the role of SCF as a possible mediator inducing OAB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, we performed an immunohistochemical study to examine the localization of SCF in the guinea pig and human bladder. Next, urinary SCF levels were measured in patients with OAB and in control subjects to evaluate a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of OAB...
November 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089413/transcriptomes-of-major-renal-collecting-duct-cell-types-in-mouse-identified-by-single-cell-rna-seq
#3
Lihe Chen, Jae Wook Lee, Chung-Lin Chou, Anil V Nair, Maria A Battistone, Teodor G Păunescu, Maria Merkulova, Sylvie Breton, Jill W Verlander, Susan M Wall, Dennis Brown, Maurice B Burg, Mark A Knepper
Prior RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) studies have identified complete transcriptomes for most renal epithelial cell types. The exceptions are the cell types that make up the renal collecting duct, namely intercalated cells (ICs) and principal cells (PCs), which account for only a small fraction of the kidney mass, but play critical physiological roles in the regulation of blood pressure, extracellular fluid volume, and extracellular fluid composition. To enrich these cell types, we used FACS that employed well-established lectin cell surface markers for PCs and type B ICs, as well as a newly identified cell surface marker for type A ICs, c-Kit...
October 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076755/discovery-of-a-cox-2-selective-inhibitor-hit-with-anti-inflammatory-activity-and-gastric-ulcer-protective-effect
#4
Mohamed A Abdelgawad, Rania B Bakr, Ahmed O El-Gendy, Gehan M Kamel, Amany A Azouz, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
AIM: A novel series of 2-arylimino-5-arylidenethiazolidin-4-ones 12a-n were synthesized and all the target compounds were fully characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, mass spectroscopy and elemental analysis. Materials & methods: All the target compounds were evaluated for their COX inhibition by enzyme immunoassay kit and in vivo anti-inflammatory activity. RESULTS: Tested compounds were found more potent inhibitors of COX-2 (IC50 = 0.54-3.14 µM) than COX-1 (IC50 = 4...
October 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069417/conformational-profiling-of-a-g-rich-sequence-within-the-c-kit-promoter
#5
Riccardo Rigo, William L Dean, Robert D Gray, Jonathan B Chaires, Claudia Sissi
G-quadruplexes (G4) within oncogene promoters are considered to be promising anticancer targets. However, often they undergo complex structural rearrangements that preclude a precise description of the optimal target. Moreover, even when solved structures are available, they refer to the thermodynamically stable forms but little or no information is supplied about their complex multistep folding pathway. To shed light on this issue, we systematically followed the kinetic behavior of a G-rich sequence located within the c-KIT proximal promoter (kit2) in the presence of monovalent cations K + and Na + ...
October 23, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032463/kit-w-sh-mutation-prevents-cancellous-bone-loss-during-calcium-deprivation
#6
Sutada Lotinun, Jaijam Suwanwela, Suchit Poolthong, Roland Baron
Calcium is essential for normal bone growth and development. Inadequate calcium intake increases the risk of osteoporosis and fractures. Kit ligand/c-Kit signaling plays an important role in regulating bone homeostasis. Mice with c-Kit mutations are osteopenic. The present study aimed to investigate whether impairment of or reduction in c-Kit signaling affects bone turnover during calcium deprivation. Three-week-old male WBB6F1/J-Kit (W) /Kit (W-v) /J (W/W (v) ) mice with c-Kit point mutation, Kit (W-sh) /HNihrJaeBsmJ (W (sh) /W (sh) ) mice with an inversion mutation in the regulatory elements upstream of the c-Kit promoter region, and their wild-type controls (WT) were fed either a normal (0...
October 14, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975737/bifunctional-platinum-ii-complexes-with-bisphosphonates-substituted-diamine-derivatives-synthesis-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity
#7
Yanyan Sun, Jian Zhao, Zhongling Ji
A series of N,N'-dibisphosphonate-containing 1,3-propanediamine derivatives (L1-L6) and their corresponding dichloridoplatinum(II) complexes (1-6) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, (1) H NMR, (13) C NMR, (31) P NMR and HRMS spectra. The in vitro antitumor activities of compounds L1-L6 and 1-6 were tested by WST-8 assay with Cell Counting Kit-8, indicating that platinum-based complexes 1-6 showed higher cytotoxicity than corresponding ligands L1-L6 against A549 and MG-63, especially complex 2 which displayed comparable cytotoxicity to those of cisplatin and zoledronate after 48 h incubation...
October 4, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947251/supplementation-of-freezing-media-with-stromal-cell-derived-factor-1%C3%AE-preserves-human-sperm-from-cryodamage
#8
Behnaz Hatef, Amirhossein Taromchi, Reza Nejatbakhsh, Ahmad Farrokhi, Saeed Shokri
The destructive effects of sperm cryopreservation result in reduced sperm motility and increased apoptosis. Oocytes, endometrium, and follicular fluid express stromal cell-derived factor-1 alpha (SDF-1α) or C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) while its specific receptor chemokine, CXC motif receptor 4 (CXCR4) is expressed in the head of sperm. SDF-1α can increase sperm motility and preserve normal mitochondrial status. The present study intends to investigate whether the addition of SDF-1α to freezing extender can facilitate cryosurvival of spermatozoa and how SDF-1α protects spermatozoa against damages during cryopreservation...
September 22, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922541/effects-of-collagen-peptides-intake-on-skin-ageing-and-platelet-release-in-chronologically-aged-mice-revealed-by-cytokine-array-analysis
#9
Hongdong Song, Ling Zhang, Yongkang Luo, Siqi Zhang, Bo Li
Action mechanisms underlying various biological activities of collagen peptides (CPs) remained to be elucidated. Cytokines may play an important role in mediating these health benefits of CPs. This study aimed to systemically examine the cytokines in skin and blood regulated by CPs intake. Thirteen-month-old female Kunming mice were administered with CPs for 2 months (0 or 400 mg/kg bodyweight/day). The cytokines in skin and plasma were analysed using a 53-cytokine array and corresponding ELISA kits. In skin, CPs intake significantly down-regulated placenta growth factor (PIGF-2), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP) -2 and IGFBP-3, and up-regulated platelet factor 4 (PF4), serpin E1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 ...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881260/activation-status-of-receptor-tyrosine-kinases-as-an-early-predictive-marker-of-response-to-chemotherapy-in-osteosarcoma
#10
Parunya Chaiyawat, Jeerawan Klangjorhor, Jongkolnee Settakorn, Voraratt Champattanachai, Areerak Phanphaisarn, Pimpisa Teeyakasem, Jisnuson Svasti, Dumnoensun Pruksakorn
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are membrane receptors that play a vital role in various biological processes, in particular, cell survival, cell proliferation, and cell differentiation. These cellular processes are composed of multitiered signaling cascades of kinases starting from ligand binding to extracellular domains of RTKs that activate the entire pathways through tyrosine phosphorylation of the receptors and downstream effectors. A previous study reported that, based on proteomics data, RTKs were a major candidate target for osteosarcoma...
October 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861453/data-on-the-effect-of-oral-feeding-of-arachidonic-acid-or-docosahexanoic-acid-on-haematopoiesis-in-mice
#11
Kedar Limbkar, Ankita Dhenge, Dipesh D Jadhav, Hirekodathakallu V Thulasiram, Vaijayanti Kale, Lalita Limaye
Stem cells have peculiar property to self-renew and differentiate. It is important to control their fate in safe and effective ways for their therapeutic use. The mediators of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) namely Arachidonic acid (AA) and Docosahexanoic acid (DHA) are known to play a role in haematopoiesis via various metabolic pathways [1]. However the direct effect of purified AA or DHA on haematopoiesis has not been well investigated yet. We have reported that oral administration of PUFAs enhanced haematopoiesis in mice [2]...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751268/the-stem-cell-factor-scf-c-kit-system-in-carcinogenesis-of-reproductive-tissues-what-does-the-hormonal-regulation-tell-us
#12
REVIEW
Marília I Figueira, Henrique J Cardoso, Sara Correia, Cláudio J Maia, Sílvia Socorro
The tyrosine kinase receptor c-KIT and its ligand, the stem cell factor (SCF) are expressed in several tissues of male and female reproductive tract, playing an important role in the regulation of basic biological processes. The activation of c-KIT by SCF controls, cell survival and death, cell differentiation and migration. Also, the SCF/c-KIT system has been implicated in carcinogenesis of reproductive tissues due to its altered expression pattern or overactivation in consequence of gain-of-functions mutations...
October 1, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734989/hydroxyvitamin-d-assays-an-historical-perspective-from-deqas
#13
G D Carter, J Berry, R Durazo-Arvizu, E Gunter, G Jones, J Jones, H L J Makin, P Pattni, C T Sempos, P Twomey, E L Williams, S A Wise
Recent years have seen a substantial increase in demand for 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) assays. DEQAS (the Vitamin D External Quality Assessment Scheme) has been monitoring the performance of these assays since 1989. The first DEQAS distribution was in June 1989 and results were submitted by 13 laboratories in the UK, two of which used HPLC/UV; the rest used ligand binding assays with a tritium tracer. Inter-laboratory CVs (ALTM) ranged from 29.3% (42.7nmol/L) to 53.7% (20.0nmol/L). Currently the scheme has participants in 56 countries using 30 methods or variants of methods...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715365/analysis-of-the-c-kit-ligand-promoter-using-chromatin-immunoprecipitation
#14
Pingyu Zhang, Andres Rojas, Boris Blechacz
Multiple cellular processes, including DNA replication and repair, DNA recombination, and gene expression, require interactions between proteins and DNA. Therefore, DNA-protein interactions regulate multiple physiological, pathophysiological, and biological functions, such as cell differentiation, cell proliferation, cell cycle control, chromosome stability, epigenetic gene regulation, and cell transformation. In eukaryotic cells, the DNA interacts with histone and nonhistone proteins and is condensed into chromatin...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695716/alterations-of-oncogenes-expression-in-nk-cells-in-patients-with-cancer
#15
Gulnur K Zakiryanova, Elena Kustova, Nataliya T Urazalieva, Aday Amirbekov, Emile T Baimuchametov, Narymzhan N Nakisbekov, Michael R Shurin
INTRODUCTION: C-kit/SCF signaling plays a key role in regulating NK cell homeostasis, maturation, proliferation, and cytotoxicity. C-kit-deficiency in NK cells results in significant reduction of their number, suggesting an imperative role for c-kit signaling in NK cell biology. We have recently showed that human NK cells express not only c-kit-receptor, but also both membrane-bound and soluble forms of c-kit ligand-Stem cell factor. The goal of this study was to characterize the c-kit/SCF autocrine loop in peripheral blood NK cells obtained from patients with cancer...
July 10, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676423/functional-interplay-between-secreted-ligands-and-receptors-in-melanoma
#16
REVIEW
Cecilia Herraiz, Celia Jiménez-Cervantes, Berta Sánchez-Laorden, José C García-Borrón
Melanoma, the most aggressive form of skin cancer, results from the malignant transformation of melanocytes located in the basement membrane separating the epidermal and dermal skin compartments. Cutaneous melanoma is often initiated by solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced mutations. Melanocytes intimately interact with keratinocytes, which provide growth factors and melanocortin peptides acting as paracrine regulators of proliferation and differentiation. Keratinocyte-derived melanocortins activate melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) to protect melanocytes from the carcinogenic effect of UVR...
July 1, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667750/flt3-ligand-egfp-reporter-expression-characterizes-functionally-distinct-subpopulations-of-cd150-long-term-repopulating-murine-hematopoietic-stem-cells
#17
Julia Tornack, Yohei Kawano, Natalio Garbi, Günter J Hämmerling, Fritz Melchers, Motokazu Tsuneto
The pool of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the bone marrow is a mixture of resting, proliferating, and differentiating cells. Long-term repopulating HSCs (LT-HSC) are routinely enriched as Lin(-) Sca1(+) c-Kit(+) CD34(-) Flt3(-) CD150(+) CD48(-) cells. The Flt3 ligand (Flt3L) and its receptor Flt3 are important regulators of HSC maintenance, expansion and differentiation. Using Flt3L-eGFP reporter mice, we show that endogenous Flt3L-eGFP-reporter RNA expression correlates with eGFP-protein expression. This Flt3L-eGFP-reporter expression distinguishes two LT-HSC populations with differences in gene expressions and reconstituting potential...
September 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629522/erythropoietin-stem-cell-factor-and-cancer-cell-migration
#18
Maria J Vazquez-Mellado, Victor Monjaras-Embriz, Leticia Rocha-Zavaleta
Cell migration of normal cells is tightly regulated. However, tumor cells are exposed to a modified microenvironment that promotes cell migration. Invasive migration of tumor cells is stimulated by receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and is regulated by growth factors. Erythropoietin (Epo) is a glycoprotein hormone that regulates erythropoiesis and is also known to be a potent chemotactic agent that induces cell migration by binding to its receptor (EpoR). Expression of EpoR has been documented in tumor cells, and the potential of Epo to induce cell migration has been explored...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615132/identification-of-a-secondary-mutation-in-the-kit-kinase-domain-correlated-with-imatinib-resistance-in-a-canine-mast-cell-tumor
#19
Yuko Nakano, Masato Kobayashi, Makoto Bonkobara, Masamine Takanosu
Imatinib-resistance is a major therapeutic problem in human chronic myeloid leukemia, human gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and canine mast cell tumors. In the present study, we identified the secondary mutation c.2006C>T in c-KIT exon 14 in a mast cell tumor obtained from a dog carrying c.1663-1671del in exon 11 and showing resistance to imatinib. The mutation in exon 14 resulted in substitution of threonine with isoleucine at position 669, which was located at the center of the ATP binding site as a gatekeeper and played an important role in binding to imatinib...
June 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572686/use-of-patterned-collagen-coated-slides-to-study-normal-and-scleroderma-lung-fibroblast-migration
#20
Bahja Ahmed Abdi, Henry Lopez, Sarah Karrar, Elisabetta Renzoni, Athol Wells, Angela Tam, Oseme Etomi, J Justin Hsuan, George R Martin, Xu Shiwen, Christopher P Denton, David Abraham, Richard Stratton
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a spreading fibrotic disease affecting the skin and internal organs. We aimed to model pathogenic fibroblast migration in SSc in order to identify enhancing factors, measure the effect of migrating cells on underlying extracellular matrix (ECM) and test possible therapeutic inhibitors. Novel patterned collagen substrates were used to investigate alignment and migration of skin and lung fibroblasts from SSc patients and healthy controls. Normal lung but not skin fibroblasts consistently elongated and aligned with underlying collagen and migrated dependent on PDGF or serum...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
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