Read by QxMD icon Read

C-kit ligand

Fumihiko Katakura, Yuji Sugie, Kiyotaka Hayashi, Kohei Nishiya, Jiro Miyamae, Masaharu Okano, Teruyuki Nakanishi, Tadaaki Moritomo
The development of mammalian megakaryocytes and platelets is regulated by numerous cytokine signals, primarily through the thrombopoietin (TPO)/c-MPL axis. Although non-mammalian vertebrates are known to possess nucleated thrombocytes functionally equivalent to mammalian platelets, the dynamics of the thrombocyte development remains unclear. Here we identified TPO and a splice variant (TPO-v) caused by the intron retention in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Both the tpo and its variant transcripts were highly expressed in heart and liver...
March 6, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Brittni M Foster, Danish Zaidi, Tyler R Young, Mary E Mobley, Bethany A Kerr
Metastasis is the primary cause of cancer patient morbidity and mortality, but due to persisting gaps in our knowledge, it remains untreatable. Metastases often occur as patient tumors progress or recur after initial therapy. Tumor recurrence at the primary site may be driven by a cancer stem-like cell or tumor progenitor cell, while recurrence at a secondary site is driven by metastatic cancer stem cells or metastasis-initiating cells. Ongoing efforts are aimed at identifying and characterizing these stem-like cells driving recurrence and metastasis...
March 8, 2018: Biomedicines
Pawan Kumar Raghav, Ajay Kumar Singh, Gurudutta Gangenahalli
Several signaling pathways, ligands, and genes that regulate proliferative and self-renewal properties of the Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs) have been studied meticulously. One of the signaling pathways that play a crucial role in the process of hematopoiesis is the Stem Cell Factor (SCF) mediated c-Kit pathway. The c-Kit is a Receptor Tyrosine Kinase (RTK), which is expressed in the cells including HSCs. It undergoes dimerization upon binding with its cognate ligand SCF. As a result, phosphorylation of the Juxtamembrane (JM) domain of c-Kit takes place at Tyr568 and Tyr570 residues...
February 17, 2018: Mutation Research
Felipe Leite de Oliveira, Sofia Nascimento Dos Santos, Lauremilia Ricon, Thayse Pinheiro da Costa, Jonathas Xavier Pereira, Camila Brand, Marise Lopes Fermino, Roger Chammas, Emerson Soares Bernardes, Márcia Cury El-Cheikh
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a β-galactoside binding protein that controls cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. In lymphoid organs, gal-3 inhibits B cell differentiation by mechanisms poorly understood. The B cell development is dependent on tissue organization and stromal cell signaling, including IL-7 and Notch pathways. Here, we investigate possible mechanisms that gal-3 interferes during B lymphocyte differentiation in the bone marrow (BM) and spleen. The BM of gal-3-deficient mice (Lgals3-/- mice) was evidenced by elevated numbers of B220+ CD19+ c-Kit+ IL-7R+ progenitor B cells...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
S Benito, A Ferrer, S Benabou, A Aviñó, R Eritja, R Gargallo
Guanine-rich sequences may fold into highly ordered structures known as G-quadruplexes. Apart from the monomeric G-quadruplex, these sequences may form multimeric structures that are not usually considered when studying interaction with ligands. This work studies the interaction of a ligand, crystal violet, with three guanine-rich DNA sequences with the capacity to form multimeric structures. These sequences correspond to short stretches found near the promoter regions of c-kit and SMARCA4 genes. Instrumental techniques (circular dichroism, molecular fluorescence, size-exclusion chromatography and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry) and multivariate data analysis were used for this purpose...
February 6, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Jiacheng Xu, Teng Ma, Guorong Deng, Jiawei Zhuang, Cheng Li, Shaohu Wang, Chen Dai, Xiaobiao Zhou, Zhonggui Shan, Zhongquan Qi
The interaction of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10 (CXCL10) with its receptor (CXCR3) is a critical process in recruiting donor reactive T cells to a graft and alloantigen-specific memory T (Tm) cells exert a principal function in promoting graft dysfunction during accelerated cardiac rejection. However, whether CXCL10 chemokine exerts any effects on acute accelerated rejection mediated by CD8+ Tm cells in a re-transplant model has remained elusive. The present study established a cardiac transplant model by advanced microsurgery technology and improved organ storage...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Xiaojuan Ren, Wei Liu, Yi Liu
With overuse of the broad-spectrum antibiotics, the pulmonary fungal infection increasingly becomes the most common complication associated with senile pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and attracts intensive attentions from clinicians. Here we presented the retrospective analysis of impact of fluconazole treatment on the clinical outcome and immune response in fungal co-infected tuberculosis patients. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fluconazole (100 mg per day for consecutive weeks) in fungal-positive senile tuberculosis patients was conducted in our hospital...
February 9, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Bei Zhong, Yu Li, Xiaodong Liu, Dongsheng Wang
The present study aimed to determine the expression of mast cells, C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL-2) and C-C motif chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) in gastric cancer tumor tissue; and the association of mast cells with the proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. In addition, whether the stem cell factor (SCF)/c-Kit pathway was associated with the secretion of CCL-2 by gastric cancer cells was explored. Flow cytometry analysis and immunohistochemistry were used to observe the relative number of mast cells, and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were utilized to determine the expression of CCL-2 and CCR2 mRNA and protein...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Thorsten Derlin, Sebastian Schmuck, Cathleen Juhl, Steffi Teichert, Johanna Zörgiebel, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Sophie M Schneefeld, Almut C A Walte, James T Thackeray, Tobias L Ross, Frank M Bengel
PURPOSE: [68Ga]Trishydroxypyridinone (THP)-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a novel tracer that can be labeled in one step by cold reconstitution of a kit with unprocessed generator eluate, targeting PSMA via the lysine-urea-glutamate (KuE) motif. The aim of this study was to evaluate the human imaging characteristics of [68Ga]THP-PSMA. PROCEDURES: [68Ga]THP-PSMA positron emission tomography (PET)/x-ray computed tomography (CT) was performed in 25 patients with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer...
January 17, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Yang Yang, Jie Hou, Mingliang Shao, Wei Zhang, Yaling Qi, Shengnan E, Shuqiu Wang, Hongyu Sui, Dexin Meng, Baixin Wang, Mingfu Wang, Yang Han, Yu Cao, Xiaoqing Huang, Yue Li, Pengxia Zhang, Weiqun Wang
C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CXCL5) is a CXC-type chemokine that is a crucial inflammatory mediator and a powerful attractant for granulocytic immune cells. Increasing evidence has indicated that CXCL5 is involved in the tumorigenesis of various malignancies. The present investigation demonstrated that CXCL5 was expressed in both hepatoblastoma HepG2 cells and liver stellate LX-2 cells, and CXCL5's receptor C-X-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CXCR2) was expressed in HepG2 cells by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting and ELISA assays...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Taras Afonyushkin, Olga V Oskolkova, Valery N Bochkov
Receptor tyrosine kinase c-Kit and its ligand stem cell factor (SCF) regulate resident vascular wall cells and recruit circulating progenitors. We tested whether SCF may be induced by oxidized palmitoyl-arachidonoyl-phosphatidylcholine (OxPAPC) known to accumulate in atherosclerotic vessels. Gene expression analysis demonstrated OxPAPC-induced upregulation of SCF mRNA and protein in different types of endothelial cells (ECs). Elevated levels of SCF mRNA were observed in aortas of ApoE-/- knockout mice. ECs produced biologically active SCF because conditioned medium from OxPAPC-treated cells stimulated activation (phosphorylation) of c-Kit in naïve ECs...
January 12, 2018: Angiogenesis
Song Xu, Wenquan Zhou, Jingping Ge, Zhengyu Zhang
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most prevalent diagnosed malignancies globally. Previous studies have demonstrated that prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is closely associated with the tumorigenesis and progression of PCa. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear and require further investigation. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), receptor activator of nuclear factor‑κB ligand (RANKL) and runt‑related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), which are involved in cell growth and bone metastasis, are frequently activated or overexpressed in various types of cancer, including PCa...
March 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yanling Xiao, Jara Palomero, Joanna Grabowska, Liqin Wang, Iris de Rink, Luuk van Helvert, Jannie Borst
Monocytes/macrophages (MΦs), osteoclasts (OCs), and dendritic cells (DCs) are closely related cell types of high clinical significance, but the exact steps in their lineage commitment are unclear. In studies on MΦ and DC development, OC development is generally not addressed. Furthermore, findings on DC development are confusing, because monocytes can also differentiate into DC-like cells. To resolve these issues, we have examined the development of monocytes/MΦs, OCs, and DCs from common progenitors, using the homeostatic driver cytokines macrophage colony-stimulating factor, RANK ligand (L), and Flt3L...
October 24, 2017: Blood Advances
Gyu-Sik Kim, Jae-Rim Heo, Seung U Kim, Kyung-Chul Choi
Cancer treatments using stem cells expressing therapeutic genes have been identified for various types of cancers. In this study, we investigated inhibitory effects of HB1.F3.CD and HB1.F3.CD.IFN-β cells expressing Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase (CD) and human interferon-β (IFN-β) genes in intravenously (i.v.) injected mice with a metastasis model. In this treatment, pro-drug 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) is converted to cytotoxic drug 5-fluorouracil by hNSCs expressing the CD gene, which inhibits DNA synthesis in cancer cells...
February 2018: Translational Oncology
A G Kudrev
Intrinsic constants of the ligand binding with G4 DNA (guanine-rich DNA sequence) using quantitative standards can be convenient providing the assessment for elucidating the possibility of such structures participation in biochemical processes. In the present communication, the hard + soft modelling approach to calculate intrinsic constants of a ligand binding with short DNA molecule, particularly such as G4 DNA, has been proposed. The suggested approach has focused upon the quantitative evaluating of a mutual influence between sites and between bound ligands...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Dan He, Suolin Zhang
C‑X‑C motif chemokine ligand (CXCL) signaling has been demonstrated to be involved in cancer invasion and migration; therefore, CXCL antagonists may serve as anticancer drugs by preventing tumor proliferation. The present study aimed to investigate whether a pan antagonist of CXCLs, UNBS5162, may inhibit esophageal cancer proliferation and to identify the underlying mechanisms. Cell proliferation and cell colony formation results, which were determined by a Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay and crystal violet staining, respectively, demonstrated that UNBS5162 inhibited esophageal cancer cell proliferation...
January 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yasue Kubota, Takashi Hamakawa, Satoshi Osaga, Atsushi Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Noriyasu Kawai, Kenjiro Kohri, Takahiro Yasui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether c-kit ligand, stem cell factor (SCF) affects the biological behavior of overactive bladder (OAB) and discuss the role of SCF as a possible mediator inducing OAB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, we performed an immunohistochemical study to examine the localization of SCF in the guinea pig and human bladder. Next, urinary SCF levels were measured in patients with OAB and in control subjects to evaluate a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of OAB...
November 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Lihe Chen, Jae Wook Lee, Chung-Lin Chou, Anil V Nair, Maria A Battistone, Teodor G Păunescu, Maria Merkulova, Sylvie Breton, Jill W Verlander, Susan M Wall, Dennis Brown, Maurice B Burg, Mark A Knepper
Prior RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) studies have identified complete transcriptomes for most renal epithelial cell types. The exceptions are the cell types that make up the renal collecting duct, namely intercalated cells (ICs) and principal cells (PCs), which account for only a small fraction of the kidney mass, but play critical physiological roles in the regulation of blood pressure, extracellular fluid volume, and extracellular fluid composition. To enrich these cell types, we used FACS that employed well-established lectin cell surface markers for PCs and type B ICs, as well as a newly identified cell surface marker for type A ICs, c-Kit...
November 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Mohamed A Abdelgawad, Rania B Bakr, Ahmed O El-Gendy, Gehan M Kamel, Amany A Azouz, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
AIM: A novel series of 2-arylimino-5-arylidenethiazolidin-4-ones 12a-n were synthesized and all the target compounds were fully characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, mass spectroscopy and elemental analysis. Materials & methods: All the target compounds were evaluated for their COX inhibition by enzyme immunoassay kit and in vivo anti-inflammatory activity. RESULTS: Tested compounds were found more potent inhibitors of COX-2 (IC50 = 0.54-3.14 µM) than COX-1 (IC50 = 4...
October 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
Riccardo Rigo, William L Dean, Robert D Gray, Jonathan B Chaires, Claudia Sissi
G-quadruplexes (G4) within oncogene promoters are considered to be promising anticancer targets. However, often they undergo complex structural rearrangements that preclude a precise description of the optimal target. Moreover, even when solved structures are available, they refer to the thermodynamically stable forms but little or no information is supplied about their complex multistep folding pathway. To shed light on this issue, we systematically followed the kinetic behavior of a G-rich sequence located within the c-KIT proximal promoter (kit2) in the presence of monovalent cations K + and Na + ...
October 23, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"