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C-kit AND beta cells

Maryam Kherad Pezhouh, M Katayoon Rezaei, Maryam Shabihkhani, Arunima Ghosh, Deborah Belchis, Elizabeth A Montgomery, Lysandra Voltaggio
Calcifying fibrous tumor (CFT) is a rare benign mesenchymal lesion known to arise at multiple body sites that may clinically mimic other more aggressive lesions in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In this study we describe the clinicopathologic findings of 28 GI tract CFTs. Tumors predominantly arose in middle-aged adults with a slight female predominance. The most commonly involved sites were small bowel and colon, followed by stomach and appendix. Tumors ranged from 0.3 to 9.3 cm (median 1.4 cm), and submucosa was the most commonly involved layer...
April 2017: Human Pathology
Kuang Youlin, Zhang Li, He Weiyang, Kang Jian, Liang Siming, Gou Xin
BACKGROUND: Liver X receptors (LXRs) are nuclear receptors family of ligand-dependent transcription factors that play a crucial role in regulating cholesterol metabolism and inflammation. Recent studies show that LXR agonists exhibit anti-cancer activities in a variety of cancer cell lines including prostate. To further identify the potential mechanisms of LXRα activation on prostate cancer, we investigated the effect of LXR agonist T0901317 on PC3 prostate cancer cell and in which activity of beta-catenin pathway involved...
March 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Natalia-Del Pilar Vanegas, Jean-Paul Vernot
BACKGROUND: Leukemic and mesenchymal stem cells interact in the leukemic microenvironment and affect each other differently. This interplay has also important implications for the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) biology and function. This study evaluated human HSC self-renewal potential and quiescence in an in vitro leukemic niche without leukemic cells. METHODS: A leukemic niche was established by co-culturing mesenchymal stem cells with a fresh conditioned medium obtained from a leukemic (REH) cell line...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
Hiroshi Yokouchi, Hiroshi Nishihara, Toshiyuki Harada, Takashi Ishida, Shigeo Yamazaki, Hajime Kikuchi, Satoshi Oizumi, Hidetaka Uramoto, Fumihiro Tanaka, Masao Harada, Kenji Akie, Fumiko Sugaya, Yuka Fujita, Kei Takamura, Tetsuya Kojima, Mitsunori Higuchi, Osamu Honjo, Yoshinori Minami, Naomi Watanabe, Aya Goto, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Hiroshi Isobe, Masaharu Nishimura, Mitsuru Munakata
The limited number of available treatments for patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) has prompted us to further investigate the biology of SCLC by molecular profiling. We collected formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples from 127 patients with SCLC, who had undergone surgery at 16 institutions between January 2003 and January 2013, and analyzed the association between disease-specific survival and protein expression of c-kit, c-Met, epidermal growth factor receptor, human EGFR-related 2, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor II, anaplastic lymphoma kinase, mediator complex subunit 12 (MED12), and transforming growth factor beta receptor II (TGF-βRII) by immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
December 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Jinhee Cho, So Jin Bing, Areum Kim, Nam Ho Lee, Sang-Hee Byeon, Gi-Ok Kim, Youngheun Jee
CONTEXT: Beetroot [Beta vulgaris Linné (Chenopodiaceae)], a vegetable usually consumed as a food or a medicinal plant in Europe, has been reported to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Since the lymphohematopoietic system is the most sensitive tissue to ionizing radiation, protecting it from radiation damage is one of the best ways to decrease detrimental effects from radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the radio-protective effects of beetroot in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and progenitor cells...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Yani Zhang, Yingjie Wang, Qisheng Zuo, Dong Li, Wenhui Zhang, Chao Lian, Beibei Tang, Tianrong Xiao, Man Wang, Kehua Wang, Bichun Li
The objectives of the present study were to screen for key gene and signaling pathways involved in the production of male germ cells in poultry and to investigate the effects of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) signaling pathway on the differentiation of chicken embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into male germ cells. The ESCs, primordial germ cells, and spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) were sorted using flow cytometry for RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technology. Male chicken ESCs were induced using 40 ng/mL of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4)...
November 2016: Cellular Reprogramming
Roy Chun-Laam Ng, On-Yin Cheng, Min Jian, Jason Shing-Cheong Kwan, Philip Wing-Lok Ho, Kenneth King-Yip Cheng, Patrick Ka Kit Yeung, Lena Lei Zhou, Ruby Lai-Chong Hoo, Sookja Kim Chung, Aimin Xu, Karen Siu-Ling Lam, Koon Ho Chan
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is the major pathogenesis underlying type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and these patients have doubled risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Increasing evidence suggests that insulin resistance plays an important role in AD pathogenesis, possibly due to abnormal GSK3β activation, causing intra- and extracellular amyloid-beta (Aβ) accumulation. Adiponectin (APN) is an adipokine with insulin-sensitizing and anti-inflammatory effects. Reduced circulatory APN level is associated with insulin resistance and T2DM...
November 25, 2016: Molecular Neurodegeneration
Michael A Bellio, Claudia O Rodrigues, Ana Marie Landin, Konstantinos E Hatzistergos, Jeffim Kuznetsov, Victoria Florea, Krystalenia Valasaki, Aisha Khan, Joshua M Hare, Ivonne Hernandez Schulman
Cardiac stem cells (CSCs) are being evaluated for their efficacy in the treatment of heart failure. However, numerous factors impair the exogenously delivered cells' regenerative capabilities. Hypoxia is one stress that contributes to inadequate tissue repair. Here, we tested the hypothesis that hypoxia impairs cell proliferation, survival, and migration of human CSCs relative to physiological and room air oxygen concentrations. Human endomyocardial biopsy-derived CSCs were isolated, selected for c-Kit expression, and expanded in vitro at room air (21% O2)...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Christina Gill, Janneke H H M van de Wijgert, Frances Blow, Alistair C Darby
BACKGROUND: Recent studies on the vaginal microbiota have employed molecular techniques such as 16S rRNA gene sequencing to describe the bacterial community as a whole. These techniques require the lysis of bacterial cells to release DNA before purification and PCR amplification of the 16S rRNA gene. Currently, methods for the lysis of bacterial cells are not standardised and there is potential for introducing bias into the results if some bacterial species are lysed less efficiently than others...
2016: PloS One
Noriyuki Kaji, Kazuhide Horiguchi, Satoshi Iino, Shinsuke Nakayama, Tomohiko Ohwada, Yuko Otani, Firman, Takahisa Murata, Kenton M Sanders, Hiroshi Ozaki, Masatoshi Hori
The pacemaker function of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) is impaired during intestinal inflammation. The aim of this study is to clarify the pathophysiological mechanisms of ICC dysfunction during inflammatory condition by using intestinal cell clusters. Cell clusters were prepared from smooth muscle layer of murine jejunum and treated with interferon-gamma and lipopolysaccharide (IFN-γ+LPS) for 24h to induce inflammation. Pacemaker function of ICC was monitored by measuring cytosolic Ca(2+) oscillation in the presence of nifedipine...
September 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Agnieszka Bińczak-Kuleta, Aleksander Szwed, Mark R Walter, Maciej Kołban, Andrzej Ciechanowicz, Jeremy S C Clark
Previously, dominant partial interferon-gamma receptor 1 (IFN-g-R1) susceptibility to environmental mycobacteria was found with IFNGR1 deletions or premature stop. Our aim was to search for IFNGR1 variants in patients with mycobacterial osteoarticular lesions. Biopsies from the patients were examined for acid-fast bacilli, inflammatory cell infiltration, and mycobacterial niacin. Mycobacterial rRNA was analyzed using a target-amplified rRNA probe test. Peripheral-blood-leukocyte genomic DNA was isolated from 19 patients using the QIAamp DNA Mini Kit, and all IFNGR1 exons were sequenced using an ABIPRISM 3130 device...
August 2, 2016: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Yoolhee Yang, Hyunju Choi, Mira Seon, Daeho Cho, Sa Ik Bang
BACKGROUND: LL-37 is a naturally occurring antimicrobial peptide found in the wound bed and assists wound repair. No published study has characterized the role of LL-37 in the function(s) of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). This study investigated the functions of adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (ASCs) activated by LL-37 by performing both in vitro assays with cultured cells and in vivo assays with C57BL/6 mice with hair loss. METHODS: Human ASCs were isolated from healthy donors with written informed consent...
April 19, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Jia Zhou, Chen Zhang, Jing Shang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of interleukin 33 (IL-33) on degranulation and cytokine release of mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs). METHODS: Mouse BMMCs were isolated and stimulated by 0, 10, 20, 50 ng/mL IL-33. The expression of c-Kit was assessed by Western blotting. Beta-hexosaminidase content in culture supernatant was evaluated indirectly through the absorbance value of the product of the reaction between chromogenix substrate and β-hexosaminidase...
April 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Dina El Demellawy, Caitlin A Cundiff, Ahmed Nasr, John A Ozolek, Nancy Elawabdeh, Shelley A Caltharp, Pourya Masoudian, Katrina J Sullivan, Joseph de Nanassy, Bahig M Shehata
Mesoblastic nephroma (MN) is the most common renal tumour in the first 3 months of life and accounts for 3-5% of all paediatric renal neoplasms. To further understand the morphological variants of MN, we identified 19 cases of MN (five classic, eight cellular and six mixed) and examined each case for markers known to be important in urogenital embryological development (PAX8, WT1 and RCC), stem cell associated markers (Oct 4, CD34 and c-kit), muscle/myofibroblastic markers (muscle specific actin, calponin and h-caldesmon), aberrant transcription factors, cell cycle regulation and other oncogenic proteins (p16, cyclin D1 and beta-catenin)...
January 2016: Pathology
Hidehiko Takigawa, Yasuhiko Kitadai, Kei Shinagawa, Ryo Yuge, Yukihito Higashi, Shinji Tanaka, Wataru Yasui, Kazuaki Chayama
Interaction between tumor cells and stromal cells plays an important role in the growth and metastasis of colon cancer. We previously found that carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) expressed platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFR-β) and that PDGFR targeted therapy using imatinib or nilotinib inhibited stromal reaction. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) migrate to tumor stroma and differentiate into CAFs. A novel oral multikinase inhibitor regorafenib inhibits receptor tyrosine kinases expressed on stromal cells (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1-3, TIE2, PDGFR-β, and fibroblast growth factors) and tumor cells (c-KIT, RET, and BRAF)...
May 2016: Cancer Science
Junjie Chen, Jialu Zhao, Lefu Chen, Nian Dong, Zhaojian Ying, Zhenzhen Cai, Dongxiang Ji, Yong Zhang, Li Dong, Yuping Li, Lei Jiang, Michael J Holtzman, Chengshui Chen
BACKGROUND: Interferons (IFNs) have potent anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, and immunomodulatory activities against cancer. However, the clinical utility of IFNs is limited by toxicity and pharmacokinetics making it difficult to achieve sustained therapeutic levels especially in solid tumors. METHODS: Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 1 (STAT1) or a modified STAT1 (designated STAT1-CC) that is hyper-responsive to IFN were overexpressed in lung cancer SPC-A-1 and H1299 cells using lentiviral vectors...
2015: Journal of Translational Medicine
Saharnaz Ahmadi, Maryam Farokhi, Parisa Padidar, Mojtaba Falahati
In this study the effect of surface modification of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) on its adsorption capacities and protein stability after immobilization of beta-lactoglobulin B (BLG-B) was investigated. For this purpose, non-functionalized (KIT-6) and aminopropyl-functionalized cubic Ia3d mesoporous silica ([n-PrNH2-KIT-6]) nanoparticles were used as nanoporous supports. Aminopropyl-functionalized mesoporous nanoparticles exhibited more potential candidates for BLG-B adsorption and minimum BLG leaching than non-functionalized nanoparticles...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yusuf Olgar, Enis Hidisoglu, Murat Cenk Celen, Bilge Eren Yamasan, Piraye Yargicoglu, Semir Ozdemir
PURPOSE: Due to the increasing use of wireless technology in developing countries, particularly mobile phones, the influence of electromagnetic fields (EMF) on biologic systems has become the subject of an intense debate. Therefore, in this study we investigated the effect of 2.1 GHz EMF on contractility and beta-adrenergic (β-AR) responsiveness of ventricular myocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were randomized to the following groups: Sham rats (SHAM) and rats exposed to 2...
2015: International Journal of Radiation Biology
L Yu, J F Chen, X Shuai, Y Xu, Y Ding, J Zhang, W Yang, X Liang, D Su, C Yan
AIM: Artesunate (ART) has been known as the most effective and safe reagents to treat malaria for many years. In this study, we explored whether ART could protect pancreatic beta-cell against cytokine-induced damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The production of nitrite (NO) was detected with the Griess Assay Kit. SIRT1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression were determined with Western blot. The transcriptional activity of NF-κB was evaluated by luciferase reporter assay...
January 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Fan Song, Jing Zhao, Fei Hua, Lun Nian, Xuan-Xuan Zhou, Qian Yang, Yan-Hua Xie, Hai-Feng Tang, Ji-Yuan Sun, Si-Wang Wang
AIM: To study the effects of 2, 3, 5, 4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside (THSG) on proliferation of rat cardiac stem cells (CSCs) in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C-kit(+) cells were isolated from neonatal (1 day old) Sprague-Dawley rats by using flow cytometry. Optimal THSG treatment times and doses for growth of CSCs were analyzed. CSCs were treated with various THSG doses (0, 1, 10, and 100 μM) for 12h. RESULTS: Sorted c-kit(+) cells exhibited self-renewing and clonogenic capabilities...
July 1, 2015: Life Sciences
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