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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330760/oxidized-phospholipids-stimulate-production-of-stem-cell-factor-via-nrf2-dependent-mechanisms
#1
Taras Afonyushkin, Olga V Oskolkova, Valery N Bochkov
Receptor tyrosine kinase c-Kit and its ligand stem cell factor (SCF) regulate resident vascular wall cells and recruit circulating progenitors. We tested whether SCF may be induced by oxidized palmitoyl-arachidonoyl-phosphatidylcholine (OxPAPC) known to accumulate in atherosclerotic vessels. Gene expression analysis demonstrated OxPAPC-induced upregulation of SCF mRNA and protein in different types of endothelial cells (ECs). Elevated levels of SCF mRNA were observed in aortas of ApoE-/- knockout mice. ECs produced biologically active SCF because conditioned medium from OxPAPC-treated cells stimulated activation (phosphorylation) of c-Kit in naïve ECs...
January 12, 2018: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324788/esrp1-is-a-marker-of-mouse-fetal-germ-cells-and-differentially-expressed-during-spermatogenesis
#2
Shaghayegh Saeidi, Farnaz Shapouri, Robb U de Iongh, Franca Casagranda, Jessie M Sutherland, Patrick S Western, Eileen A McLaughlin, Mary Familari, Gary R Hime
ESRP1 regulates alternative splicing, producing multiple transcripts from its target genes in epithelial tissues. It is upregulated during mesenchymal to epithelial transition associated with reprogramming of fibroblasts to iPS cells and has been linked to pluripotency. Mouse fetal germ cells are the founders of the adult gonadal lineages and we found that Esrp1 mRNA was expressed in both male and female germ cells but not in gonadal somatic cells at various stages of gonadal development (E12.5-E15.5). In the postnatal testis, Esrp1 mRNA was highly expressed in isolated cell preparations enriched for spermatogonia but expressed at lower levels in those enriched for pachytene spermatocytes and round spermatids...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318852/-effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-ultrastructure-of-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-and-stem-cell-factor-kit-signal-pathway-of-gastric-antrum-in-diabetic-gastroparesis-rats
#3
Cheng-Cheng Zhang, Ya-Ping Lin, Yan Peng, Zeng-Hui Yue, Hai-Jiao Chen, Jian-Wen Yang, Wei-Wei Liu, Li Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on gastrointestinal motility and the ultrastructure of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and the expressions of c-kit receptor protein and stem cell factor (SCF) mRNA in diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) rats, so as to explore its mechanism. METHODS: Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into normal, model, acupoint, non-acupoint and metoclopramide groups (n=10 rats/group). DGP model was established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 2%), and raised with high-sugar high-fat diet irregularly...
December 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317212/folliculogenic-factors-in-photoregressed-ovaries-differences-in-mrna-expression-in-early-compared-to-late-follicle-development
#4
Alexander K Salomon, Kathleen Leon, Melissa M Campbell, Kelly A Young
The early stages of ovarian folliculogenesis generally progress independent of gonadotropins, whereas later stages require signaling initiated by FSH. In Siberian hamsters, cycles of folliculogenesis are mediated by changes in photoperiod which depress the hypothalamic pituitary gonadal axis. Reduced gonadotropins lead to decreases in mature follicle development and ovulation; however, early stages of folliculogenesis have not been explored in regressed ovaries. We hypothesized that intraovarian factors that contribute predominantly to later stages of folliculogenesis would react to changes in photoperiod, whereas factors contributing to earlier stages would not change...
January 6, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317165/discovery-of-novel-2-substituted-4-phenoxypyridine-derivatives-as-potential-antitumor-agents
#5
Yongli Duan, Shan Xu, Hehua Xiong, Linxiao Wang, Bingbing Zhao, Ping Wang, Caolin Wang, Yiqing Peng, Shifan Cai, Rong Luo, Pengwu Zheng, Qidong Tang
A series of 2-substituted-4-phenoxypyridine derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against 4 cancer cell lines (A549, HT-29, H460, and U87MG) in vitro. Most compounds showed moderate to excellent potency. Nine tyrosine kinases (c-Met, Flt-3, ALK, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, PDGFR-α, PDGFR-β, c-Kit, and EGFR) were used to evaluate the inhibitory activities with the most promising analogue 39, which showed the Flt-3/c-Met IC50 values of 2.18/2.61 nM. Structure-activity relationship studies indicated that n-Pr served as R1 group showed a higher preference, and stronger mono-EWGs on the phenyl ring (such as R2 = 4-F) was benefited to the potency...
December 29, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317071/recently-discovered-interstitial-cells-telocytes-as-players-in-the-pathogenesis-of-uterine-leiomyomas
#6
Ivan Varga, Martin Klein, Ladislav Urban, Ludovit Danihel, Stefan Polak, Ludovit Danihel
Uterine telocytes are interstitial cells characterized by a very long cytoplasmic prolongations, which form a 3D network, functionally integrating a wide variety of different cells. Leiomyomas (uterine fibroids) are benign tumors, which pose a huge threat concerning various health problems in women affected by this condition. The exact cause of leiomyomas development is, however, still largely unknown. Therefore, in an attempt to clarify their etiology, we performed an immunohistochemical characterization of telocytes in leiomyomas as well as in normal myometrium...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312652/tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-sensitive-pdgfr%C3%AE-mutations-in-gist-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Pieter A Boonstra, Jourik A Gietema, Albert J H Suurmeijer, Matthew R Groves, Fernando de Assis Batista, Ed Schuuring, Anna K L Reyners
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare mesenchymal malignancies of the gastrointestinal tract. Most GISTs harbor a c-KIT (80%) or a PDGFRα (10%) mutation that leads to constitutive activation of the tyrosine kinase receptor. Response to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is dependent on mutational status of the tumor. The most common mutation in PDGFRα, D842V, is known to be imatinib resistant. Almost all other PDGFRα mutations are imatinib sensitive. We describe two patients with a PDGFRα exon 18 mutated GIST responding to treatment with TKIs...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306107/leukemia-cells-impair-normal-hematopoiesis-and-induce-functionally-loss-of-hematopoietic-stem-cells-through-immune-cells-and-inflammation
#8
Ping Cui, Yuhua Zhang, Maoxiang Cui, Zhihong Li, Guang Ma, Rufeng Wang, Ning Wang, Shujuan Huang, Jie Gao
Bone marrow (BM) failure is often seen in leukemia patients, indicating an abnormal hematopoietic process. However, hematopoiesis in leukemic milieus is largely unknown. In the present study, we utilized one of the most frequent leukemogenic translocations MLL-AF9 to induce leukemia and investigated the hematopoiesis and the activity of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) in a leukemic milieu. We found that the phenotypes of the non-leukemic population in leukemic BM were drastically different than normal BM, including blockage of differentiation and a drastically reduced Lin-/Sca+/c-kit+ (LSK) population that contains all HSPCs in leukemic BM...
January 2, 2018: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301598/plasma-scf-c-kit-levels-in-patients-with-dipper-and-non-dipper-hypertension
#9
Hai-Lan Zhong, Chong-Li Xu, Guang-Sheng Chen, Xiu-Mei Chen
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between peripheral plasma stem cell factor (SCF)/c-kit levels and the types of dipper and non-dipper hypertension in hypertensive patients. Methods This cross-sectional study included newly diagnosed hypertensive patients who underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM) between January 2009 and 2012 in Jiangning city. Patients were divided into the dipper group and the non-dipper group according to ABPM measurements. The levels of SCF and its receptor c-kit, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in peripheral blood were measured via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
December 30, 2017: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296846/macrophages-and-osteoclasts-stem-from-a-bipotent-progenitor-downstream-of-a-macrophage-osteoclast-dendritic-cell-progenitor
#10
Yanling Xiao, Jara Palomero, Joanna Grabowska, Liqin Wang, Iris de Rink, Luuk van Helvert, Jannie Borst
Monocytes/macrophages (MΦs), osteoclasts (OCs), and dendritic cells (DCs) are closely related cell types of high clinical significance, but the exact steps in their lineage commitment are unclear. In studies on MΦ and DC development, OC development is generally not addressed. Furthermore, findings on DC development are confusing, because monocytes can also differentiate into DC-like cells. To resolve these issues, we have examined the development of monocytes/MΦs, OCs, and DCs from common progenitors, using the homeostatic driver cytokines macrophage colony-stimulating factor, RANK ligand (L), and Flt3L...
October 24, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296814/twist1-regulates-embryonic-hematopoietic-differentiation-through-binding-to-myb-and-gata2-promoter-regions
#11
Kasem Kulkeaw, Tomoko Inoue, Tadafumi Iino, Kenzaburo Tani, Koichi Akashi, Nancy A Speck, Yoichi Nakanishi, Daisuke Sugiyama
Mechanisms underlying differentiation of embryonic hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) remain unclear. In mouse, intra-aortic clusters (IACs) form in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros region and acquire HSPC potential after 9.5 days postcoitum (dpc). In this study we demonstrate that Twist1 is highly expressed in c-Kit+CD31+CD34+ IACs, which are equivalent to embryonic HSPCs, compared with adult HSPCs. Progenitor activities of colony-forming unit (CFU) of granulocytes and macrophages, CFU of macrophages, burst-forming unit of erythroid, and B lymphopoiesis were impaired in IACs of Twist1-/- relative to wild-type embryos...
September 12, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296753/an-aptamer-based-targeted-delivery-of-mir-26a-protects-mice-against-chemotherapy-toxicity-while-suppressing-tumor-growth
#12
Toshihiko Tanno, Peng Zhang, Christopher A Lazarski, Yang Liu, Pan Zheng
The efficacy of traditional chemotherapy is limited by its toxicity, especially with regard to hematopoiesis. Here we show that miR-26a plays a critical role in protecting mice against chemotherapy-induced myeloid suppression by targeting a proapoptotic protein (Bak1) in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). Because c-Kit is expressed at high levels in HSPCs, we designed a microRNA-aptamer chimera that contains miR-26a mimic and c-Kit-targeting aptamer and successfully delivered miR-26a into HSPCs to attenuate toxicity of 5' fluorouracil (5-FU) and carboplatin...
June 27, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296700/il-33-il-25-and-tslp-induce-a-distinct-phenotypic-and-activation-profile-in-human-type-2-innate-lymphoid-cells
#13
Ana Camelo, Guglielmo Rosignoli, Yoichiro Ohne, Ross A Stewart, Catherine Overed-Sayer, Matthew A Sleeman, Richard D May
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) represent a distinct branch of the lymphoid lineage composed of 3 major subpopulations: ILC1, ILC2, and ILC3. ILCs are mainly described as tissue-resident cells but can be detected at low levels in human blood. However, unlike mouse ILCs, there is still no consistent methodology to purify and culture these cells that enables in-depth analysis of their intrinsic biology. Here, we describe defined culture conditions for ILC2s, which allowed us to dissect the roles of interleukin 2 (IL-2), IL-25, IL-33, and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) individually, or in combination, in modulating ILC2 phenotype and function...
April 11, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290914/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-for-diagnosing-a-rare-extraluminal-duodenal-gastrointestinal-tumor
#14
Kazunao Hayashi, Kenya Kamimura, Kazunori Hosaka, Satoshi Ikarashi, Junji Kohisa, Kazuya Takahashi, Kentaro Tominaga, Kenichi Mizuno, Satoru Hashimoto, Junji Yokoyama, Satoshi Yamagiwa, Kazuyasu Takizawa, Toshifumi Wakai, Hajime Umezu, Shuji Terai
Duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are extremely rare disease entities, and the extraluminal type is difficult to diagnose. These tumors have been misdiagnosed as pancreatic tumors; hence, pancreaticoduodenectomy has been performed, although partial duodenectomy can be performed if accurately diagnosed. Developing a diagnostic methodology including endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) has allowed us to diagnose the tumor directly through the duodenum. Here, we present a case of a 50-year-old woman with a 27-mm diameter tumor in the pancreatic uncus on computed tomography scan...
December 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287914/loss-of-c-kit-function-impairs-arteriogenesis-in-a-mouse-model-of-hindlimb-ischemia
#15
Diana R Hernandez, Adriana Artiles, Juan C Duque, Laisel Martinez, Mariana T Pinto, Keith A Webster, Omaida C Velazquez, Roberto I Vazquez-Padron, Roberta M Lassance-Soares
BACKGROUND: Arteriogenesis is a process whereby collateral vessels remodel usually in response to increased blood flow and/or wall stress. Remodeling of collaterals can function as a natural bypass to alleviate ischemia during arterial occlusion. Here we used a genetic approach to investigate possible roles of tyrosine receptor c-Kit in arteriogenesis. METHODS: Mutant mice with loss of c-Kit function (KitW/W-v), and controls were subjected to hindlimb ischemia. Blood flow recovery was evaluated pre-, post-, and weekly after ischemia...
December 26, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275234/a-case-of-gastric-glomus-tumor-resection-using-laparoscopy-endoscopy-cooperative-surgery-lecs
#16
Taro Aoba, Takehito Kato, Kazuhiro Hiramatsu, Yoshihisa Shibata, Motoi Yoshihara, Naoya Yamaguchi, Tadahiro Kamiya
INTRODUCTION: Gastric glomus tumors are rare submucosal mesenchymal tumors. Because gastric glomus tumors are submucosal tumors and resemble gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), preoperative diagnosis is difficult. We present a case of gastric glomus tumor that was removed by laparoscopy endoscopy cooperative surgery (LECS). CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old female was taken to the emergency room at our hospital due to epigastric pain. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a submucosal tumor (SMT) located in the lesser curvature of the upper body of the stomach...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274173/investigation-of-autophagy-and-differentiation-of-myenteric-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-in-the-pathogenesis-of-gastric-motility-disorders-in-rats-with-functional-dyspepsia
#17
Li-Min Zhang, Li-Jun Zeng, Jing Deng, Yu-Qin Zhang, Yu-Jiao Wang, Tian-Yi Xie, Jiang-Hong Ling
BACKGROUND: Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), especially myenteric interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC-MY), are key to gastrointestinal motility. However, their role in the pathogenesis of functional dyspepsia (FD) is unclear. Therefore, autophagy and differentiation of ICC-MY were investigated to elucidate the pathogenesis of gastric motility disorder in FD. METHODS: FD model was induced by chronic stress via tail clamping in rats, which was assessed by the vital signs of rats, gastric emptying rate result and histology...
December 23, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259265/mast-cells-increase-adult-neural-precursor-proliferation-and-differentiation-but-this-potential-is-not-realized-in-vivo-under-physiological-conditions
#18
J M Wasielewska, L Grönnert, N Rund, L Donix, R Rust, A M Sykes, A Hoppe, A Roers, G Kempermann, T L Walker
There is growing evidence that both peripheral and resident immune cells play an important part in regulating adult neural stem cell proliferation and neurogenesis, although the contribution of the various immune cell types is still unclear. Mast cells, a population of immune cells known for their role in the allergic response, have been implicated in the regulation of adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Mast cell-deficient c-kitW-sh/W-sh mice have previously been shown to exhibit significantly decreased adult hippocampal neurogenesis and associated learning and memory deficits...
December 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251114/s-allylcysteine-improves-blood-flow-recovery-and-prevents-ischemic-injury-by-augmenting-neovasculogenesis
#19
Jia-Ning Syu, Mei-Due Yang, Shu-Yao Tsai, En-Pei Isabel Chiang, Shao-Chih Chiu, Che-Yi Chao, Raymond L Rodriguez, Feng-Yao Tang
Studies suggest that a low level of circulating human endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) is a risk factor for ischemic injury and coronary artery disease (CAD). Consumption of S-allylcysteine (SAC) is known to prevent CAD. However, the protective effects of SAC on the ischemic injury are not yet clear. In this study, we examined whether SAC could improve blood flow recovery in ischemic tissues through EPC-mediated neovasculogenesis. The results demonstrate that SAC significantly enhances the neovasculogenesis of EPCs in vitro...
October 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245016/preferential-myofibroblast-differentiation-of-cardiac-mesenchymal-progenitor-cells-in-the-presence-of-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Elisa Gambini, Gianluca Lorenzo Perrucci, Beatrice Bassetti, Gabriella Spaltro, Giulia Campostrini, Maria Chiara Lionetti, Alberto Pilozzi, Federico Martinelli, Andrea Faruggia, Dario DiFrancesco, Andrea Barbuti, Giulio Pompilio
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterized by electrical, contractile, and structural remodeling mediated by interstitial fibrosis. It has been shown that human cardiac mesenchymal progenitor cells (CMPCs) can be differentiated into endothelial, smooth muscle, and fibroblast cells. Here, we have investigated, for the first time, the contribution of CMPCs in the fibrotic process occurring in AF. As expected, right auricolae samples displayed significantly higher fibrosis in AF vs control (CTR) patients. In tissue samples of AF patients only, double staining for c-kit and the myofibroblast marker α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) was detected...
November 27, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
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