keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adult spinal deformities

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922883/proximal-junctional-kyphosis-prevention-strategies-a-video-technique-guide
#1
Michael M Safaee, Joseph A Osorio, Kushagra Verma, Shay Bess, Christopher I Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Robert Hart, Vedat Deviren, Christopher P Ames
BACKGROUND: Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) is a well-recognized complication in patients undergoing posterior instrumented fusion procedures for adult spinal deformity. Strategies that reduce rates of PJK have the potential to improve the safety of these operations and decrease cost by eliminating the need for revision surgery. OBJECTIVE: To present a set of surgical techniques that can decrease rates of PJK in adults undergoing surgery for spinal deformity...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914116/defining-a-core-outcome-set-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-with-a-spinal-deformity
#2
Marinus de Kleuver, Sayf S A Faraj, Roderick M Holewijn, Niccole M Germscheid, Raphael D Adobor, Mikkel Andersen, Hans Tropp, Benny Dahl, Heli Keskinen, Anders Olai, David W Polly, Miranda L van Hooff, Tsjitske M Haanstra
Background and purpose - Routine outcome measurement has been shown to improve performance in several fields of healthcare. National spine surgery registries have been initiated in 5 Nordic countries. However, there is no agreement on which outcomes are essential to measure for adolescent and young adult patients with a spinal deformity. The aim of this study was to develop a core outcome set (COS) that will facilitate benchmarking within and between the 5 countries of the Nordic Spinal Deformity Society (NSDS) and other registries worldwide...
September 15, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902106/fine-tuning-the-predictive-model-for-proximal-junctional-failure-in-surgically-treated-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#3
Mitsuru Yagi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Eijiro Okada, Osahiko Tsuji, Narihito Nagoshi, Takashi Asazuma, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
STUDY DESIGN: Multi-center retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To validate and improve the predictive model for proximal junctional failure (PJF) with or without the bone mineral density (BMD) score. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PJF is a serious complication of surgery for adult spinal deformity (ADS). A predictive model for PJF was recently reported that has good accuracy, but does not include BMD, a known PJF risk factor, as a variable. METHODS: We included 145 surgically treated ASD patients who were older than 50 at the time of surgery and had been followed up for at least 2 years...
September 8, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894684/a-preliminary-algorithm-using-spine-measurement-software-to-predict-sagittal-alignment-following-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy
#4
Robert K Merrill, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Joshua J Meaike, Joung Heon Kim, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if spine measurement software can simulate sagittal alignment following pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive adult spinal deformity patients who underwent lumbar PSO. Sagittal measurements were performed on preoperative lateral, standing radiographs. Sagittal measurements after simulated PSO were compared to actual postoperative measurements...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894683/beyond-pelvic-incidence-lumbar-lordosis-mismatch-the-importance-of-assessing-the-entire-spine-to-achieve-global-sagittal-alignment
#5
Robert K Merrill, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Joung Heon Kim, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which sagittal parameters contribute to a normal sagittal vertical axis (SVA) when there is a pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis (PI-LL) mismatch >10° following adult spinal deformity (ASD) correction. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of ASD patients with >5 levels fused. Sagittal measurements between cohorts of postoperative PI-LL >10° and PI-LL<10° were compared...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894680/multi-rod-constructs-can-prevent-rod-breakage-and-pseudarthrosis-at-the-lumbosacral-junction-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#6
Robert K Merrill, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Joung Heon Kim, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients fused with multi-rod constructs to the pelvis have a lower incidence of lumbosacral rod failure and pseudarthrosis than those fused with dual-rod constructs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of consecutive adult spinal deformity patients who underwent long fusion to the pelvis. Inclusion criteria were >5 levels, primary fusion or revision for L5-S1 pseudarthrosis, and minimum 1-year follow-up...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888683/adult-spinal-deformity-treated-with-minimally-invasive-surgery-description-of-surgical-technique-radiological-results-and-literature-review
#7
I Domínguez, R Luque, M Noriega, J Rey, J Alía, A Urda, F Marco
The prevalence of adult spinal deformity has been increasing exponentially over time. Surgery has been credited with good radiological and clinical results. The incidence of complications is high. MIS techniques provide good results with fewer complications. This is a retrospective study of 25 patients with an adult spinal deformity treated by MIS surgery, with a minimum follow-up of 6 months. Radiological improvement was SVA from 5 to 2cm, coronal Cobb angle from 31° to 6°, and lumbar lordosis from 18° to 38°...
September 6, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885298/increasing-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-worse-perioperative-outcomes-and-higher-costs-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#8
Raj M Amin, Micheal Raad, Amit Jain, Kevin P Sandhu, Steven M Frank, Khaled M Kebaish
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of obesity with outcomes and costs of adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Increasing body mass index is a risk factor for complications after nondeformity spine surgery, but its effect on ASD surgery is unknown. METHODS: We reviewed records of 244 ASD patients who underwent spinal arthrodesis of ≥5 levels from 2010-2014 and categorized them by World Health Organization body mass index (BMI) groups: < 30, nonobese (64%); 30-34...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885286/predicting-perioperative-complications-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-using-a-simple-sliding-scale
#9
Go Yoshida, Tomohiko Hasegawa, Yu Yamato, Sho Kobayashi, Shin Oe, Tomohiro Banno, Yuuki Mihara, Hideyuki Arima, Hiroki Ushirozako, Tatsuya Yasuda, Daisuke Togawa, Yukihiro Matsuyama
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective database study OBJECTIVE.: To develop and validate a sliding scale for predicting perioperative complications associated with ASD surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ASD surgery can have high perioperative complication rates, which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Data on consecutive ASD patients undergoing posterior corrective surgery over a six-year interval were collected from a prospective database...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885124/thoracic-spinal-cord-impingement-by-an-arachnoid-web-at-the-level-of-a-hemivertebra-case-report
#10
Molly E Hubbard, Matthew A Hunt, Kristen E Jones, David W Polly
Congenital scoliosis due to a hemivertebra requires surgical stabilization prior to skeletal maturity if rapidly progressive curve growth occurs. Here the authors present the unique case of a man who, at the age of 12 years, had undergone Harrington rod placement for stabilization of progressive congenital scoliosis due to a T-11 hemivertebra and then, at the age of 53 years, presented with acutely progressive myelopathy due to spinal cord compression from an arachnoid web at T-11 despite a solid fusion mass at the prior surgical site...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882352/adult-spinal-deformity-national-trends-in-the-presentation-treatment-and-perioperative-outcomes-from-2003-to-2010
#11
Peter G Passias, Cyrus M Jalai, Nancy Worley, Shaleen Vira, Bryan Marascalchi, Shearwood McClelland, Virginie Lafage, Thomas J Errico
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a prospective database. OBJECTIVES: To investigate adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery outcome trends on a nationwide scale using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2003 to 2010. METHODS: ASD patients ≥25 years from 2003 to 2010 in the NIS undergoing anterior, posterior, or combined surgical approaches were included. Fractures, 9+ levels fused, or any cancer were excluded. Patient demographics, hospital data, and procedure-related complications were evaluated...
September 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870307/perioperative-pain-management-in-pediatric-spine-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Benjamin W Sheffer, Derek M Kelly, Leslie N Rhodes, Jeffrey R Sawyer
Pain management after spinal deformity correction surgery for scoliosis in the pediatric population can be difficult. Deformity correction with posterior spinal fusion causes significant tissue trauma. Historically, pain control has been achieved with intravenous opiates. Opiates provide excellent analgesic effect; however, they have serious consequences when used alone. In adult total joint arthroplasty, multimodal pain control has become an increasingly common method to achieve pain control without these sequelae...
October 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866740/factor-analysis-of-the-srs-22-outcome-assessment-instrument-in-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#13
A F Mannion, A Elfering, J Bago, F Pellise, A Vila-Casademunt, S Richner-Wunderlin, M Domingo-Sàbat, I Obeid, E Acaroglu, A Alanay, F S Pérez-Grueso, C R Baldus, L Y Carreon, K H Bridwell, S D Glassman, F Kleinstück
PURPOSE: Designed for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, the SRS-22 is now widely used as an outcome instrument in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). No studies have confirmed the four-factor structure (pain, function, self-image, mental health) of the SRS-22 in ASD and under different contexts. Factorial invariance of an instrument over time and in different languages is essential to allow for precise interpretations of treatment success and comparisons across studies...
September 2, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858190/performance-on-balance-evaluation-systems-test-bestest-impacts-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adult-spinal-deformity-patients
#14
Lieven Moke, Pieter Severijns, Sebastiaan Schelfaut, Kristel Van de Loock, Lore Hermans, Guy Molenaers, Ilse Jonkers, Lennart Scheys
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective single-center study OBJECTIVE.: Study investigates how dynamic balance performance complements 2D static radiographic measurements and demographics in terms of understanding health-related quality of life in Adult Spinal Deformity (ASD) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent insights suggest that demographic variables have a stronger impact on health-related quality of life than 2D radiographic spinopelvic parameters in ASD patients METHODS...
August 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836012/a-cost-effectiveness-comparisons-of-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-in-the-united-states-and-japan
#15
Mitsuru Yagi, Christopher P Ames, Malla Keefe, Naobumi Hosogane, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, R Shay Bess, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
PURPOSE: Information about the cost-effectiveness of surgical procedures for adult spinal deformity (ASD) is critical for providing appropriate treatments for these patients. The purposes of this study were to compare the direct cost and cost-effectiveness of surgery for ASD in the United States (US) and Japan (JP). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 76 US and 76 JP patients receiving surgery for ASD with ≥2-year follow-up was identified. Data analysis included preoperative and postoperative demographic, radiographic, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and direct cost for surgery...
August 23, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828753/reduction-of-intradiscal-pressure-by-the-use-of-polycarbonate-urethane-rods-as-compared-to-titanium-rods-in-posterior-thoracolumbar-spinal-fixation
#16
Eva Jacobs, Alex K Roth, Jacobus J Arts, Lodewijk W van Rhijn, Paul C Willems
Loss of sagittal alignment and balance in adult spinal deformity can cause severe pain, disability and progressive neurological deficit. When conservative treatment has failed, spinal fusion using rigid instrumentation is currently the salvage treatment to stop further curve progression. However, fusion surgery is associated with high revision rates due to instrumentation failure and proximal junctional failure, especially if patients also suffer from osteoporosis. To address these drawbacks, a less rigid rod construct is proposed, which is hypothesized to provide a more gradual transition of force and load distribution over spinal segments in comparison to stiff titanium rods...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826716/relationship-between-koenig-depression-scale-and-post-operative-outcomes-ambulation-and-perception-of-pain-in-elderly-patients-%C3%A2-65-years-undergoing-elective-spinal-surgery-for-adult-scoliosis
#17
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Owoicho Adogwa, Amanda R Sergesketter, Collin Black, Aaron Tarnasky, Michael O Ongele, Victoria D Vuong, Syed Khalid, Joseph Cheng, Carlos A Bagley, Isaac O Karikari
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess whether the Koenig Depression Scale (KDS) can identify depressed elderly patients undergoing elective spine surgery for deformity at-risk for inferior postoperative outcomes, including complication rates, ambulation ability, and patient reported outcomes. METHODS: The medical records of 92 elderly patients (≥65-years) undergoing a planned elective spinal surgery for correction of adult degenerative scoliosis were reviewed for this study...
August 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820363/incidence-of-perioperative-medical-complications-and-mortality-among-elderly-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-spinal-deformity-analysis-of-3519-patients
#18
Amit Jain, Hamid Hassanzadeh, Varun Puvanesarajah, Eric O Klineberg, Daniel M Sciubba, Michael P Kelly, D Kojo Hamilton, Virginie Lafage, Aaron J Buckland, Peter G Passias, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Renaud Lafage, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Khaled M Kebaish
OBJECTIVE Using 2 complication-reporting methods, the authors investigated the incidence of major medical complications and mortality in elderly patients after surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD) during a 2-year follow-up period. METHODS The authors queried a multicenter, prospective, surgeon-maintained database (SMD) to identify patients 65 years or older who underwent surgical correction of ASD from 2008 through 2014 and had a minimum 2 years of follow-up (n = 153). They also queried a Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services claims database (MCD) for patients 65 years or older who underwent fusion of 8 or more vertebral levels from 2005 through 2012 (n = 3366)...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818564/validity-of-a-smartphone-protractor-to-measure-sagittal-parameters-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#19
William Aaron Kunkle, Michael Madden, Shannon Potts, Jeremy Fogelson, Stuart Hershman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Smartphones have become an integral tool in the daily life of healthcare professionals (Franko 2011). Their ease of use and wide availability often make smartphones the first tool surgeons use to perform measurements. This technique has been validated for certain orthopaedic pathologies (Shaw 2012, Quek 2014, Milanese 2014, Milani 2014), but never to assess sagittal parameters in adult spinal deformity. This study was designed to assess the validity, reproducibility, precision and efficiency of using a smartphone protractor application to measure sagittal parameters commonly measured in adult spinal deformity assessment and surgical planning...
August 14, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816827/the-relationship-between-fear-avoidance-and-objective-biomechanical-measures-of-function-in-patients-with-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#20
Ram Haddas, Isador H Lieberman, Andrew Block
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The current study utilized quantitative gait analysis to examine the relationship of fear-avoidance beliefs to gait patterns in patients with adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Among patients with chronic spine pain, fear-avoidance beliefs are predictive of behavioral deficiencies, poor work and surgery outcomes. The impact of such beliefs on patients with major spinal deformity has yet to be investigated...
August 14, 2017: Spine
keyword
keyword
72168
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"