keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adult spinal deformities

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330576/xipho-pubic-angle-xpa-correlates-with-patient-s-reported-outcomes-in-a-population-of-adult-spinal-deformity-results-from-a-multi-center-cohort-study
#1
Francesco Langella, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Virginie Lafage, Justin S Smith, Christopher Shaffrey, Han Jo Kim, Douglas Burton, Richard Hostin, Shay Bess, Christopher Ames, Gregory Mundis, Eric Klineberg, Frank Schwab, Renault Lafage, Pedro Berjano
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multi-center cohort study. PURPOSE: Sagittal misalignment causes changes in the abdominal shape. Xipho-pubic angle (XPA) has been previously described to radiographically evaluate the shape of the abdominal cavity in patients with spine deformity. The aims of this study are to evaluate the correlation of XPA-to-spinopelvic sagittal parameters and to patients' health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) scores. METHODS: 278 patients from a multi-center database with diagnosis adult spinal deformity (ASD) (one or more of: coronal Cobb angle > 20°, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) > 50 mm, pelvic tilt (PT) > 25°, and thoracic kyphosis > 60°) were included...
January 12, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320988/prevalence-and-key-radiographic-spinal-malalignment-parameters-that-influence-the-risk-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-patients-treated-surgically-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#2
Tetsuro Ohba, Shigeto Ebata, Kensuke Koyama, Hirotaka Haro
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a factor that has a significant negative impact on the quality of life (QoL). Vertebral fractures and/or spinal malalignment may influence the frequency of GERD. However, the epidemiology and pathology of GERD in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) are still largely unknown. To establish the optimal surgical strategy for GERD in patients treated surgically for ASD, we sought to clarify the GERD prevalence, determine radiographically which spinal malalignment parameters influence GERD risk, and evaluate GERD improvement postoperatively...
January 10, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315120/ethnic-variations-in-radiographic-parameters-and-srs-22-scores-in-adult-spinal-deformity-a-comparison-between-north-american-and-japanese-patients-above-50-years-of-age-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#3
Naobumi Hosogane, Christopher Ames, Morio Matsumoto, Mitsuru Yagi, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Hiroshi Taneichi, Yu Yamato, Daisaku Takeuchi, Frank Schwab, Christopher Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Shay Bess, Virginie Lafage
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of North American and Japanese adult spinal deformity (ASD) database. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ethnical differences in radiographic parameters and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 between North American and Japanese ASD. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous comparison study between North American and Japanese ASD patients has revealed Japanese patients had marked pelvic tilt deformity and had lower Oswestry Disability Index scores corresponding to established thresholds of radiographic deformity...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301171/proximal-junctional-kyphosis-and-proximal-junctional-failure-following-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Seung-Jae Hyun, Byoung Hun Lee, Jong-Hwa Park, Ki-Jeong Kim, Tae-Ahn Jahng, Hyun-Jib Kim
The purpose of this review is the current understanding of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) and proximal junctional failure (PJF) following adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. We carried out a systematic search of PubMed for literatures published up to September 2017 with "proximal junctional kyphosis," "proximal junctional failure," and "adult spinal deformity" as search terms. A total of 98 literatures were searched. The 37 articles were included in this review. PJK is multifactorial in origin and likely results from variable risk factors...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300250/postoperative-disability-after-long-corrective-fusion-to-the-pelvis-in-elderly-patients-with-spinal-deformity
#5
Daisuke Togawa, Tomohiko Hasegawa, Yu Yamato, Go Yoshida, Sho Kobayashi, Tatsuya Yasuda, Shin Oe, Tomohiro Banno, Hideyuki Arima, Yuki Mihara, Hiroki Ushirozako, Yukihiro Matsuyama
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series analysis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of difficulty in daily activities of adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients after corrective long fusion to the pelvis, with emphasis on bend forward activities. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No prospective studies have been reported regarding the postoperative impairments and their time course after long fusion in ASD patients. METHODS: One-hundred-three patients (26 men, 77 women; mean age 68 [50-82]) who underwent corrective long fusion from the thoracic spine to the pelvis were included...
January 3, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299476/have-the-annual-trends-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients-decreased
#6
Roby Abraham, John J Kelly, Jared M Newman, Qais Naziri, Nipun Sodhi, Anton Khlopas, Jaiben George, Neil V Shah, Assem A Sultan, Morad Chughtai, John W Barrington, Carl B Paulino, Michael A Mont
Background: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is characterized by osteoproliferation-induced structural damage and spinal inflammation, which lead to spinal deformity and functional disability. Though AS commonly affects the axial skeleton and sacroiliac joints, up to 70% of patients have involvement of the knees and other joints. Despite pharmacological efforts, advancing joint involvement may ultimately require surgical intervention. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is effective in managing patients with AS, yet it remains unclear whether or not the annual rates of TKA have been affected...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287822/srs-22r-minimum-clinically-important-difference-and-substantial-clinical-benefit-after-adult-lumbar-scoliosis-surgery
#7
Leah Y Carreon, Michael P Kelly, Charles H Crawford, Christine R Baldus, Steven D Glassman, Christopher I Shaffrey, Keith H Bridwell
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) and substantial clinical benefit (SCB) thresholds for the Scoliosis Research Society-22R (SRS22R) domains in patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis are similar to those in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) with fusions extending into the thoracic spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The MCID and SCB thresholds for the SRS22R domains in patients with ASD and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis have been reported...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287820/health-related-quality-of-life-scores-underestimate-the-impact-of-major-complications-in-lumbar-degenerative-scoliosis-surgery
#8
Steven D Glassman, Keith H Bridwell, Christopher I Shaffrey, Charles C Edwards, Jon D Lurie, Christine R Baldus, Leah Y Carreon
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVE: To examine Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCMI) as a marker for deterioration in health status not reflected in standard Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) measures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: HRQOL has become a primary metric for assessing outcomes following spinal deformity surgery. However, studies have reported limited impact of complications on postoperative HRQOL outcomes. METHODS: We examined serial CCMI, complications, and HRQOL outcomes for 138 adult lumbar deformity patients treated surgically with a minimum two-year follow-up that included 126 females (91%) with a mean age of 59...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287819/adult-spinal-deformity-knowledge-in-orthopedic-spine-surgeons-impact-of-fellowship-training-experience-and-practice-characteristics
#9
Zachary J Grabel, Robert A Hart, Aaron P Clark, Sara Heejung Park, Christopher I Shaffrey, Justin K Scheer, Justin S Smith, Michael P Kelly, J Mason DePasse, Munish C Gupta, Christopher P Ames, Alan H Daniels
STUDY DESIGN: Survey study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to assess the level of adult spine deformity (ASD) knowledge among orthopedic spine surgeons and identify areas for improvement in spine surgery training. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ASD is increasingly encountered in spine surgery practice. While ASD knowledge among neurosurgeons has been evaluated, ASD knowledge among orthopedic spine surgeons has not previously been reported...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281113/complication-rates-and-maintenance-of-correction-after-3-column-osteotomy-in-the-elderly-report-of-55-patients-with-2-year-follow-up
#10
Vincent Challier, Jensen K Henry, Shian Liu, Christopher Ames, Khaled Kebaish, Ibrahim Obeid, Richard Hostin, Munish Gupta, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Justin S Smith, Gregory Mundis, Shay Bess, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage
BACKGROUND: Three-column osteotomies (3CO) provide substantial correction for adult spinal deformity (ASD), but carry risks of complications and revisions. The risk-benefit balance of 3CO in the elderly remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sagittal alignment and complications after 3CO in a population over 70-yr old. METHODS: Radiographic retrospective review of consecutive patients over 70 yr ("Elderly") undergoing 3CO for ASD. Demographic, operative, and outcomes data were collected...
December 21, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281103/incidence-and-predictive-factors-of-sepsis-following-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#11
Scott L Zuckerman, Nikita Lakomkin, Blaine P Stannard, Constantinos G Hadjipanayis, Christopher I Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Joseph S Cheng
BACKGROUND: Surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD) improves quality of life, yet morbidity is high. Sepsis is a challenging postoperative complication that can result in death and drive inpatient resources. OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence and risk factors for development of sepsis within 30 days following ASD surgery. METHODS: Adult patients who underwent thoracolumbar spinal deformity correction between 2008 and 2014 were identified in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
December 21, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279754/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-pelvic-tilt-and-the-sacro-femoral-pubic-angle-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-asian-individuals
#12
Takanori Kitagawa, Yoichi Iizuka, Hiroki Kobayashi, Tokue Mieda, Daisuke Tsunoda, Atsushi Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between pelvic tilt (PT) and the sacro-femoral-pubic (SFP) angle, which is easier to identify than PT, in middle-aged and elderly Asian subjects from the general population. Overview of Literature: Measuring PT is important in the diagnosis and treatment of adult spinal deformity. However, identifying femoral heads, which are necessary to determine PT, using sagittal radiographs is often difficult...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279752/difference-in-spinal-sagittal-alignment-and-health-related-quality-of-life-between-males-and-females-with-cervical-deformity
#13
Shin Oe, Daisuke Togawa, Go Yoshida, Tomohiko Hasegawa, Yu Yamato, Sho Kobayashi, Tatsuya Yasuda, Tomohiro Banno, Yuki Mihara, Yukihiro Matsuyama
Study Design: Large cohort study. Purpose: To clarify spinal sagittal alignment and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) according to sex in volunteers aged >50 years with cervical deformity (CD). Overview of Literature: Adult spinal deformities, especially those associated with lumbosacral lesions, are more frequent in females; however, CD is observed to a greater extent in males. Methods: We divided 656 volunteers (263 males, 393 females; age, 50-89 years [mean, 73 years]) as follows: males with CD (CDM; 82 patients); males without CD (NCDM, 181); females with CD (CDF, 36); and females without CD (NCDF, 357)...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245270/spondylectomy-and-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-thoracolumbar-kyphosis-in-an-adult-with-achondroplasia-a-case-report
#14
Masashi Miyazaki, Shozo Kanezaki, Naoki Notani, Toshinobu Ishihara, Hiroshi Tsumura
RATIONALE: Fixed thoracolumbar kyphosis with spinal stenosis in adult patients with achondroplasia presents a challenging issue. We describe the first case in which spondylectomy and minimally invasive lateral access interbody arthrodesis were used for the treatment of fixed severe thoracolumbar kyphosis and lumbar spinal canal stenosis in an adult with achondroplasia. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old man with a history of achondroplastic dwarfism presented with low back pain and radiculopathy and neurogenic claudication...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238648/trends-in-spinal-surgery-for-pott-s-disease-2000-2016-an-overview-and-bibliometric-study
#15
Christian Fisahn, Fernando Alonso, Ghazwan A Hasan, R Shane Tubbs, Joseph R Dettori, Thomas A Schildhauer, Tarush Rustagi
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: (1) What are the surgical indications? Have they changed over time since the year 2000? (2) What is the current surgical approaches of choice? Have they changed over time since the year 2000? Do they vary by geographical region? (3) What are the most common outcome measures following surgery? Methods: Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles were searched from database inception from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2016 to identify studies specifically evaluating surgical indications, current surgical approaches, and outcome measures for spinal tuberculosis...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238634/asa-classification-as-a-risk-stratification-tool-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-a-study-of-5805-patients
#16
Sulaiman Somani, John Di Capua, Jun S Kim, Kevin Phan, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Joung-Heon Kim, James Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Objectives: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery is a highly complex procedure that has high complication rates. Risk stratification tools can improve patient management and may lower complication rates and associated costs. The goal of this study was to identify the independent association between American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class and postoperative outcomes following ASD surgery...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233568/the-impact-of-spino-pelvic-alignment-on-total-hip-arthroplasty-outcomes-a-critical-analysis-of-current-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Assem A Sultan, Anton Khlopas, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Morad Chughtai, Nipun Sodhi, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: In this review, we (1) evaluated the effect of adult spine deformity (ASD) and its surgical correction on patients who had a total hip arthroplasty (THA); (2) evaluated the outcomes of THA in patients who have had previous spinal fusion; and (3) we presented an algorithm on how to surgically address patients who simultaneously require THA and ASD correction. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted. Our final analysis included 14 studies...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232355/proximal-junctional-kyphosis-inter-and-intraobserver-reliability-of-radiographic-measurements-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#18
Farbod Rastegar, Alec Contag, Alan Daniels, Jayme Hiratzka, Clifford Lin, Jason Chang, Khoi Than, Ahmed Raslan, Christopher Kong, Ngoc-Lam Nguyen, Richard Hostin, Marie Kane, Robert A Hart
STUDY DESIGN: Reliability study of radiographic measures of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). OBJECTIVE: To assess impacts of level of proximal endpoint and vertebral fracture on reliability of measurement of junctional kyphosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Radiographic assessment is important in determining management of patients with PJK or proximal junctional failure (PJF). No study to date has evaluated the reliability of radiographic measurement of the junctional kyphotic angle after surgery for ASD...
January 1, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228056/back-and-neck-pain-and-function-in-females-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-follow-up-at-least-23-years-after-conservative-treatment-with-a-milwaukee-brace
#19
Ewa Misterska, Jakub Głowacki, Adam Okręt, Maria Laurentowska, Maciej Głowacki
We aimed to explore the long-term outcomes of back and neck pain and functionality in adult females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), who had been treated with a Milwaukee brace, in a follow-up study a minimum of 23 years after the completion of the treatment, using radiological, clinical and socio-demographical data. Thirty AIS patients (scoliosis group-SG), were included in the study based on an extensive search of Pediatric Orthopedics and Traumatology Clinic charts. All treatments were successfully completed between 1974 and 1990...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227363/psychosocial-factors-and-surgical-outcomes-in-adult-spinal-deformity-do-dementia-patients-have-more-complications
#20
Courtney S Toombs, Justin C Paul, Baron S Lonner
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected, national inpatient hospital database. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate comorbid psychiatric disorders in the ASD population. We hypothesized that a high incidence of comorbid psychiatric disorders in ASD would negatively impact perioperative outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Adult spinal fusion (ASF) patients suffer from severe back pain and often depression. Psychiatric comorbidities in the adult spinal deformity (ASD) population are not well understood, despite the apparent psychological effects of spinal deformity-related self-image...
December 8, 2017: Spine
keyword
keyword
72168
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"