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Screening colonoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528373/the-association-between-primary-source-of-healthcare-coverage-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-us-veterans
#1
Folasade P May, Elizabeth M Yano, Dawn Provenzale, W Neil Steers, Donna L Washington
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a deadly but largely preventable disease. Screening improves outcomes, but screening rates vary across healthcare coverage models. In the Veterans Health Administration (VA), screening rates are high; however, it is unknown how CRC screening rates compare for Veterans with other types of healthcare coverage. AIMS: To determine whether Veterans with Veteran-status-related coverage (VA, military, TRICARE) have higher rates of CRC screening than Veterans with alternate sources of healthcare coverage...
May 20, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522914/one-year-experience-with-computer-assisted-propofol-sedation-for-colonoscopy
#2
Otto S Lin, Danielle La Selva, Richard A Kozarek, Deborah Tombs, Wade Weigel, Ryan Beecher, Johannes Koch, Susan McCormick, Michael Chiorean, Fred Drennan, Michael Gluck, Nanda Venu, Michael Larsen, Andrew Ross
AIM: To report our one-year experience with computer assisted propofol sedation (CAPS) for colonoscopy as the first United States Medical Center to adopt CAPS technology for routine clinical use. METHODS: Between September 2014 and August 2015, 2677 patients underwent elective outpatient colonoscopy with CAPS at our center. All colonoscopies were performed by 1 of 17 gastroenterologists certified in the use of the CAPS system, with the assistance of a specially trained nurse...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515797/circulating-nucleosomes-as-new-blood-based-biomarkers-for-detection-of-colorectal-cancer
#3
Jean-François Rahier, Anne Druez, Laurence Faugeras, Jean-Paul Martinet, Myriam Géhénot, Eléonore Josseaux, Marielle Herzog, Jake Micallef, Fabienne George, Monique Delos, Thierry De Ronde, Abdenor Badaoui, Lionel D'Hondt
BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy is currently widely accepted as the gold standard for detection of colorectal cancer (CRC) providing detection of up to 95% of pre-cancerous lesions during the procedure. However, certain limitations exist in most countries including cost and access to the procedure. Moreover, colonoscopy is an invasive technique with risk inherent to the endoscopic procedure. For this reason, alternative screening tests, in particular, fecal occult blood-based tests, have been widely adopted for frontline screening...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511430/study-on-the-relation-between-colorectal-cancer-and-gall-bladder-disease
#4
Siddharth Gosavi, R Rama Mishra, Vsm Praveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine, the lower part of digestive system which includes the sigmoid colon and rectum. AIM: To study the relation of incidence of colorectal cancer with previous gall bladder disease or post-cholecystectomy status, a relation between gall bladder disease and smoking in particular and the most common region of colon involved in colorectal cancer in gall bladder disease and non-gall bladder disease patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510711/obesity-and-metabolic-unhealthiness-have-different-effects-on-colorectal-neoplasms
#5
Sun-Hye Ko, Myong Ki Baeg, Seung Yeon Ko, Hee Sun Jung, Pumsoo Kim, Myung-Gyu Choi
Context: Metabolic factors such as obesity and insulin resistance have been suggested as risk factors for colorectal neoplasms (CRN), but few studies have investigated the associations between metabolic status, obesity, and CRN. Objective: To investigate the relationship between metabolic status, obesity and CRN in Koreans who underwent colonoscopy during health screening. Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional. Participants: Subjects were divided into four groups based on metabolic and obesity criteria, (1) metabolically healthy nonobese (MHNO), (2) metabolically healthy obese (MHO), (3) metabolically unhealthy nonobese (MUNO), and (4) metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507758/fecal-immunochemical-test-based-colorectal-cancer-screening-the-gender-dilemma
#6
Esmée J Grobbee, Els Wieten, Bettina E Hansen, Esther M Stoop, Thomas R de Wijkerslooth, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar, Patrick M Bossuyt, Evelien Dekker, Ernst J Kuipers, Manon Cw Spaander
BACKGROUND: Despite differences between men and women in incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) and its precursors, screening programs consistently use the same strategy for both genders. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to illustrate the effects of gender-tailored screening, including the effects on miss rates of advanced neoplasia (AN). METHODS: Participants (age 50-75 years) in a colonoscopy screening program were asked to complete a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) before colonoscopy...
April 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505646/screening-colonoscopy-to-prevent-colorectal-cancer-among-medicare-beneficiaries-aged-70-to-79-years
#7
Xabier García-Albéniz, John Hsu, Michael Bretthauer, Miguel A Hernán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505645/screening-colonoscopy-to-prevent-colorectal-cancer-among-medicare-beneficiaries-aged-70-to-79-years
#8
Nicole T Shen, Anna Maw, Yecheskel Schneider, Russell Evan Rosenblatt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505217/effect-of-combined-patient-decision-aid-and-patient-navigation-vs-usual-care-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-a-vulnerable-patient-population-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Daniel S Reuland, Alison T Brenner, Richard Hoffman, Andrew McWilliams, Robert L Rhyne, Christina Getrich, Hazel Tapp, Mark A Weaver, Danelle Callan, Laura Cubillos, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Michael P Pignone
Importance: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is underused, especially among vulnerable populations. Decision aids and patient navigation are potentially complementary interventions for improving CRC screening rates, but their combined effect on screening completion is unknown. Objective: To determine the combined effect of a CRC screening decision aid and patient navigation compared with usual care on CRC screening completion. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial, data were collected from January 2014 to March 2016 at 2 community health center practices, 1 in North Carolina and 1 in New Mexico, serving vulnerable populations...
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497589/the-asia-pacific-colorectal-screening-score-is-useful-to-stratify-risk-for-colorectal-advanced-neoplasms-in-vietnamese-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#10
Duc Trong Quach, Toru Hiyama, Thu Anh Nguyen, Hoa Quoc Ly, Shinji Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The Asia Pacific Colorectal Screening (APCS) score has been validated in several populations but not yet in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). AIM: To assess the performance of APCS score in stratifying risk of colorectal advanced neoplasms (CAN) in Vietnamese IBS patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients who fulfilled IBS diagnosis criteria according to the Rome III were prospectively enrolled and underwent colonoscopy...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494531/stages-of-adoption-for-fobt-and-colonoscopy-tests-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-korea
#11
Nhung Bui Cam, Hana Cho, Yoon Young Lee, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park, Jae Kwan Jun, Yeol Kim, Kui Son Choi
Purpose: While colorectal cancer (CRC) is common in Asian countries, screening for CRC is not. Moreover, CRC screening behaviors in Asian populations remain largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the stages of adopting CRC screening in Korea according to screening modality. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from the 2014 Korean National Cancer Screening Survey, a cross-sectional survey that utilized nationally representative random sampling to investigate cancer screening rates...
May 10, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493543/contribution-of-patient-physician-and-environmental-factors-to-demographic-and-health-variation-in-colonoscopy-follow-up-for-abnormal-colorectal-cancer-screening-test-results
#12
Melissa R Partin, Amy A Gravely, James F Burgess, David A Haggstrom, Sarah E Lillie, David B Nelson, Sean M Nugent, Aasma Shaukat, Shahnaz Sultan, Louise C Walter, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: Patient, physician, and environmental factors were identified, and the authors examined the contribution of these factors to demographic and health variation in colonoscopy follow-up after a positive fecal occult blood test/fecal immunochemical test (FOBT/FIT) screening. METHODS: In total, 76,243 FOBT/FIT-positive patients were identified from 120 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities between August 16, 2009 and March 20, 2011 and were followed for 6 months...
May 11, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493375/a-systematic-review-of-the-psychological-impact-of-false-positive-colorectal-cancer-screening-what-is-the-role-of-the-general-practitioner
#13
J L van der Velde, M H Blanker, M E Stegmann, G H de Bock, M Y Berger, A J Berendsen
Screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) has both advantages (e.g. reduction in morbidity and mortality) and disadvantages (e.g. false positives and distress). A systematic review was therefore performed to improve our understanding of how false-positive CRC screening results affect patients psychologically (and to make recommendations for primary care). The PubMed, Embase, PsychINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane databases were searched in October 2014 and supplemented in December 2016 to identify studies on the psychological impact of false-positive CRC screening...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490420/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-primary-care-intervention-to-improve-uptake-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#14
Natalie Dodd, Mariko Leanne Carey, Elise Mansfield, Christopher Oldmeadow
BACKGROUND: Screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) significantly reduces mortality associated with this disease. In Australia, the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program provides regular fecal occult blood tests (FOBT) for those aged 50 to 74 years, however, participation rates in the program have plateaued at 36%. Given low uptake in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program, it is necessary to explore alternate methods to increase CRC screening rates. Primary care is a promising adjunct setting to test methods to increase CRC screening participation...
May 10, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487610/colorectal-and-interval-cancers-of-the-colorectal-cancer-screening-program-in-the-basque-country-spain
#15
Isabel Portillo, Eunate Arana-Arri, Isabel Idigoras, Isabel Bilbao, Lorea Martínez-Indart, Luis Bujanda, Iñaki Gutierrez-Ibarluzea
AIM: To assess proportions, related conditions and survival of interval cancer (IC). METHODS: The programme has a linkage with different clinical databases and cancer registers to allow suitable evaluation. This evaluation involves the detection of ICs after a negative faecal inmunochemical test (FIT), interval cancer FIT (IC-FIT) prior to a subsequent invitation, and the detection of ICs after a positive FIT and confirmatory diagnosis without colorectal cancer (CRC) detected and before the following recommended colonoscopy, IC-colonoscopy...
April 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484069/physician-perceptions-of-surveillance-follow-up-colonoscopy-in-older-adults
#16
Stephanie T Le, Brenna R Lash, Paul C Schroy, Audrey H Calderwood
BACKGROUND: Few data exist regarding when to stop surveillance colonoscopy among older adults with a history of adenomatous colorectal polyps. Our goal was to understand decision making around surveillance colonoscopy among primary care providers (PCPs) and gastroenterologists. METHODS: We designed a 15-item survey for PCPs and gastroenterologists that evaluated factors important in decision making about surveillance colonoscopy in older adults. RESULTS: In October 2015, 88 PCPs and 30 gastroenterologists completed the survey...
May 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483499/interval-colorectal-cancer-incidence-among-subjects-undergoing-multiple-rounds-of-fecal-immunochemical-testing
#17
Manon van der Vlugt, Esmée J Grobbee, Patrick M M Bossuyt, Amanda Bos, Evelien Bongers, Wolfert Spijker, Ernst J Kuipers, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar, Manon C W Spaander, Evelien Dekker
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Among subjects screened for colorectal cancer (CRC) by the guaiac fecal occult blood test, interval cancers develop in 48%-55% of the subjects. Data are limited on how many persons screened by fecal immunochemical tests (FIT), over multiple rounds, develop interval cancers. In the Netherlands, a pilot FIT-based biennial CRC screening program was conducted between 2006 and 2014. We collected and analyzed data from the program on CRCs detected during screening (SD-CRC) and CRCs not detected within the screening program (non-SD-CRC; such as FIT interval cancers, colonoscopy interval cancers and cancer in non-participants)...
May 5, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477334/serology-of-streptococcus-gallolyticus-subspecies-gallolyticus-and-its-association-with-colorectal-cancer-and-precursors
#18
Julia Butt, Simone Werner, Martina Willhauck-Fleckenstein, Angelika Michel, Tim Waterboer, Inka Zörnig, Annemarie Boleij, Shaynoor Dramsi, Hermann Brenner, Michael Pawlita
Streptococcus gallolyticus subspecies gallolyticus (SGG) is potentially associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) and its precursors. A previous case-control study measured antibody responses to SGG pilus proteins Gallo2178 and Gallo2179 and identified significant associations with a small fraction of CRC cases. We aimed at replicating and expanding these findings in an independent study including additional SGG antigens and explored the association with precancerous lesions. We applied multiplex serology to measure antibodies to eleven SGG proteins in serum samples of a screening colonoscopy trial (BliTz study) including participants diagnosed with either non-advanced adenoma (NAA, n=30), advanced adenoma (AA, n=100), CRC (n=50) or controls (n=228)...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475217/identification-of-differential-metabolic-characteristics-between-tumor-and-normal-tissue-from-colorectal-cancer-patients-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#19
Wu Ning, Haijing Li, Fanqiang Meng, Jianhua Cheng, Xin Song, Guochao Zhang, Wenyue Wang, Shengming Wu, Junjian Fang, Kunpeng Ma, Jie Yang, Dongpo Pei, Fangting Dong
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common human malignancies and encompasses cancers of the colon and rectum. Although the gold-standard colonoscopy screening method is effective in detecting CRC, this method is invasive and can result in severe complications for patients. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in metabolites between CRC and matched adjacent non-tumor tissues from CRC patients, to identify potential biomarkers that may be informative and developed screening methods. Metabolomic analysis was performed on clinically localized CRC tissue and matched adjacent non-tumor tissue from twenty CRC patients...
May 5, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473037/early-adoption-of-a-multitarget-stool-dna-test-for-colorectal-cancer-screening
#20
Lila J Finney Rutten, Robert M Jacobson, Patrick M Wilson, Debra J Jacobson, Chun Fan, John B Kisiel, Seth Sweetser, Sidna M Tulledge-Scheitel, Jennifer L St Sauver
OBJECTIVES: To characterize early adoption of a novel multitarget stool DNA (MT-sDNA) screening test for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and to test the hypothesis that adoption differs by demographic characteristics and prior CRC screening behavior and proceeds predictably over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used the Rochester Epidemiology Project research infrastructure to assess the use of the MT-sDNA screening test in adults aged 50 to 75 years living in Olmsted County, Minnesota, in 2014 and identified 27,147 individuals eligible or due for screening colonoscopy from November 1, 2014, through November 30, 2015...
May 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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