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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341969/pursuing-normality-reflections-on-cancer-survivorship-care-of-lymphoma-survivors
#1
Louise S Madsen, Charlotte Handberg
BACKGROUND: The present study explored the reflections on cancer survivorship care of lymphoma survivors in active treatment. Lymphoma survivors have survivorship care needs, yet their participation in cancer survivorship care programs is still reported as low. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the reflections on cancer survivorship care of lymphoma survivors to aid the future planning of cancer survivorship care and overcome barriers to participation...
January 16, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301928/the-utility-of-pet-ct-in-external-radiation-therapy-planning-of-prostate-cancer
#2
Jeremie Calais, Minsong Cao, Nicholas G Nickols
Radiotherapy and radical prostatectomy are the definitive treatment options for patients with localized prostate cancer. A rising PSA after radical prostatectomy indicates prostate cancer recurrence, and these patients may still be cured with salvage radiotherapy. To maximize chance for cure, irradiated volumes should completely encompass the extent of disease. Therefore, accurate estimation of the location of disease is critical for radiotherapy planning in both the definitive and salvage settings. Conventional imaging for prostate cancer has limited sensitivity for detection of disease both at initial staging and at biochemical recurrence...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250325/modern-biotechnology-based-therapeutic-approaches-against-hiv-infection
#3
Muhammad Imran, Yasir Waheed, Ayesha Ghazal, Sajjad Ullah, Sher Zaman Safi, Muhsin Jamal, Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Atif, Muhammad Imran, Farman Ullah
The causative agent of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Since its discovery before 30 years, a number of drugs known as highly active antiretroviral therapy have been developed to suppress the life cycle of the virus at different stages. With the current therapeutic approaches, ending AIDS means providing treatment to 35 million individuals living with HIV for the rest of their lives or until a cure is developed. Additionally, therapy is associated with various other challenges such as potential of drug resistance, toxicity and presence of latent viral reservoir...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239587/redefining-medical-care
#4
Lauren R Roth
President Donald J. Trump has said he will repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and replace it with health savings accounts (HSAs). Conservatives have long preferred individual accounts to meet social welfare needs instead of more traditional entitlement programs. The types of "medical care" that can be reimbursed through an HSA are listed in section 213(d) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) and include expenses "for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body...
2017: Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238483/the-influence-of-polishing-techniques-on-pre-polymerized-cad-cam-acrylic-resin-denture-bases
#5
Manal Rahma Alammari
Background: Lately, computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) has broadly been successfully employed in dentistry. The CAD/CAM systems have recently become commercially available for fabrication of complete dentures, and are considered as an alternative technique to conventionally processed acrylic resin bases. However, they have not yet been fully investigated. Objective: The purpose of this study was to inspect the effects of mechanical polishing and chemical polishing on the surface roughness (Ra) and contact angle (wettability) of heat-cured, auto-cured and CAD/CAM denture base acrylic resins...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228953/a-simple-and-accurate-rule-based-modeling-framework-for-simulation-of-autocrine-paracrine-stimulation-of-glioblastoma-cell-motility-and-proliferation-by-l1cam-in-2-d-culture
#6
Justin Caccavale, David Fiumara, Michael Stapf, Liedeke Sweitzer, Hannah J Anderson, Jonathan Gorky, Prasad Dhurjati, Deni S Galileo
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a devastating brain cancer for which there is no known cure. Its malignancy is due to rapid cell division along with high motility and invasiveness of cells into the brain tissue. Simple 2-dimensional laboratory assays (e.g., a scratch assay) commonly are used to measure the effects of various experimental perturbations, such as treatment with chemical inhibitors. Several mathematical models have been developed to aid the understanding of the motile behavior and proliferation of GBM cells...
December 11, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228218/nonhuman-primate-models-and-understanding-the-pathogenesis-of-hiv-infection-and-aids
#7
Ronald S Veazey, Andrew A Lackner
Research using nonhuman primates (NHPs) as models for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has resulted in tremendous achievements not only in the prevention and treatment of HIV, but also in biomedical research more broadly. Once considered a death sentence, HIV infection is now fairly well controlled with combination antiretroviral treatments, almost all of which were first tested for efficacy and safety in nonhuman primates or other laboratory animals...
December 8, 2017: ILAR Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223776/impact-of-edaphic-factors-and-nutrient-management-on-the-hepatoprotective-efficiency-of-carlinoside-purified-from-pigeon-pea-leaves-an-evaluation-of-ugt1a1-activity-in-hepatitis-induced-organelles
#8
Subhasish Das, K Charan Teja, Sandip Mukherjee, Soma Seal, Rajesh Kumar Sah, Buddhadeb Duary, Ki-Hyun Kim, Satya Sundar Bhattacharya
Carlinoside is a unique compound well-known for its excellent curative potential in hepatitis. There is a substantial research gap regarding the medicinal use of carlinoside, as its concentrations are greatly variable (depending on locality). We cultivated Cajanus cajan using vermicompost as a major organic amendment at two locations (Sonitpur and Birbhum) with different soil types, but identical climate conditions. Sonitpur soils were richer in soil organic C (SOC), enzyme activation, and N/P content than Birbhum...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223315/metal-free-full-arch-fixed-prosthesis-for-edentulous-mandible-rehabilitation-on-four-implants
#9
Alfredo Passaretti, Giulia Petroni, Giovanna Miracolo, Valeria Savoia, Angelo Perpetuini, Andrea Cicconetti
PURPOSE: The goal of this work is to describe an implant-prosthetic protocol for rehabilitation of edentulous mandible, by using a fixed prosthesis made of fiber-reinforced composite material (FRC). The protocol contemplates a minimal invasive surgery and ensures predictable and safe results, with good aesthetic and performance combined to cost savings. METHODS: FRC material is used to build the substructure of a prosthetic framework supported by four short implants (5mm long and 4mm wide)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222081/media-consumption-and-creation-in-attitudes-toward-and-knowledge-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-web-based-survey
#10
Jacob Groshek, Miles Basil, Ling Guo, Sarah Parker Ward, Francis A Farraye, Jason Reich
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic gastrointestinal condition affecting over 5 million people globally and 1.6 million in the United States but currently lacks a precisely determined cause or cure. The range of symptoms IBD patients experience are often debilitating, and the societal stigmas associated with some such symptoms can further degrade their quality of life. Better understanding the nature of this public reproach then is a critical component for improving awareness campaigns and, ultimately, the experiences of IBD patients...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221926/plasma-protein-profiling-of-patients-with-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas-as-potential-precursor-lesions-of-pancreatic-cancer
#11
Maria Ilies, Praveen Kumar Sappa, Cristina Adela Iuga, Felicia Loghin, Manuela Gesell Salazar, Frank Ulrich Weiss, Georg Beyer, Markus M Lerch, Uwe Völker, Julia Mayerle, Elke Hammer
Efforts for the early diagnosis of the pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) have recently been driven to one of the precursor lesions, namely intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas (IPMN). Only a few studies have focused on IPMN molecular biology and its overall progression to cancer. Therefore, IPMN lacks comprehensive characterization which makes its clinical management controversial. In this study, we characterized plasma proteins in the presence of IPMNs in comparison to healthy controls, chronic pancreatitis, and PDAC by a proteomics approach using data-independent acquisition based mass spectrometry...
December 5, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212213/the-bromodomain-and-extraterminal-domain-inhibitor-bromosporine-synergistically-reactivates-latent-hiv-1-in-latently-infected-cells
#12
Hanyu Pan, Panpan Lu, Yinzhong Shen, Yanan Wang, Zhengtao Jiang, Xinyi Yang, Yangcheng Zhong, He Yang, Inam Ulla Khan, Muya Zhou, Bokang Li, Ziyu Zhang, Jianqing Xu, Hongzhou Lu, Huanzhang Zhu
The long-lived latent HIV-1 reservoir is the major barrier for complete cure of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Here we report that a novel bromodomain and extraterminal domain (BET) inhibitor bromosporine which can broadly target BETs, is able to potently reactivate HIV-1 replication in different latency models alone and more powerful when combined with prostratin or TNF-α. Furthermore, the treatment with bromosporine induced HIV-1 full-length transcripts in resting CD4+ T cells from infected individuals with suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART) ex vivo, with no obvious cytotoxicity or global activation of T cell...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178763/influence-of-different-cavity-preparation-designs-on-fracture-resistance-of-onlay-and-overlay-restorations-using-different-cad-cam-materials
#13
Gizem Ön Salman, Ɣbrahim Halil Tacír, Zelal Seyfioğlu Polat, Afşin Salman
PURPOSE: To evaluate fracture strength of different preparation designed onlay and overlay restorations produced by Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and three different new ceramic-polymer blocks. METHODS: Ninety-one extracted human mandibular molars were used in this study. Preparations were made as (1) Only functional cusps reduction, (2) Only functional cusps reduction+rounded shoulder finish line, (3) All cusps reduction, or (4) All cusps reduction+rounded shoulder finish line...
June 2017: American Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165087/nucleotide-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitors-a-thorough-review-present-status-and-future-perspective-as-hiv-therapeutics
#14
Ashley D Holec, Subhra Mandal, Pavan Kumar Prathipati, Christopher J Destache
Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a severe fatal viral infection that has claimed approximately 658,507 lives in the US within the year 2010-2014. Antiretroviral (ARV) therapy has proven to inhibit HIV-1, but unlike other viral illness, not cure the infection. Among various Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved ARVs, nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) are most effective in limiting HIV-1 infection. This review focuses on NRTIs mechanism of action and metabolism...
November 19, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150766/spinobot-an-mri-guided-needle-positioning-system-for-spinal-cellular-therapeutics
#15
Alexander Squires, John N Oshinski, Nicholas M Boulis, Zion Tsz Ho Tse
The neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) results in the death of motor neurons in voluntary muscles. There are no cures for ALS and few available treatments. In studies with small animal models, injection of cellular therapeutics into the anterior horn of the spinal cord has been shown to inhibit the progression of ALS. It was hypothesized that spinal injection could be made faster and less invasive with the aid of a robot. The robotic system presented-SpinoBot-uses MRI guidance to position a needle for percutaneous injection into the spinal cord...
November 17, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132097/the-development-of-a-new-artificial-model-of-a-finger-for-assessing-transmitted-vibrations
#16
Almaky Almagirby, Jem A Rongong, Matt J Carré
Prolonged exposure of the hand to tool-induced vibrations is associated with the occurrence of conditions such as vibration white finger. This study involves the development of a new artificial model that approximates both loading and vibration behaviour of the human finger. The layered system uses polypropylene "bones", encased in a cylinder of low modulus, room-temperature curing silicone gel (to replicate subcutaneous tissues), with an outer layer of latex (to replicate the dermis and epidermis). A protocol for manufacture was developed and dynamic mechanical analysis was carried out on a range of gels in order to choose a range close to the mechanical properties of the human finger...
November 4, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124683/the-21st-century-cures-act-implications-for-the-reduction-of-racial-health-disparities-in-the-us-criminal-justice-system-a-public-health-approach
#17
Donna M Cole, Dawna Marie Thomas, Kelsi Field, Amelia Wool, Taryn Lipiner, Natalie Massenberg, Barbara J Guthrie
Past drug epidemics have disproportionately criminalized drug addiction among African Americans, leading to disparate health outcomes, increased rates of HIV/AIDS, and mass incarceration. Conversely, the current opioid addiction crisis in the USA focuses primarily on white communities and is being addressed as a public health problem. The 21st Century Cures Act has the potential to reduce racial health disparities in the criminal justice system through the Act's public health approach to addiction and mental health issues...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120617/live-visualization-of-hiv-1-proviral-dna-using-a-dual-color-labeled-crispr-system
#18
Yingxin Ma, Mingxiu Wang, Wei Li, Zhiping Zhang, Xiaowei Zhang, Guoqiang Wu, Tianwei Tan, Zongqiang Cui, Xian-En Zhang
HIV latency is one of the major problems in HIV/AIDS cure. Imaging single-copy integrated proviral HIV DNA in host cell has both virology and clinical significance but remains technical challenge. Here, we developed a dual-color labeled CRISPR system to image the HIV-1 integrated proviral DNA in latently infected cells. The pair of CRISPRs was fluorescently labeled with two different color QDs using two alternative bioorthogonal ligation reactions. Integrated HIV-sequences are successfully mapped based on the colocalized signals of QDs in living cells...
December 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112704/circulating-tumor-dna-predicts-survival-in-patients-with-resected-high-risk-stage-ii-iii-melanoma
#19
R J Lee, G Gremel, A Marshall, K A Myers, N Fisher, J Dunn, N Dhomen, P G Corrie, M R Middleton, P Lorigan, R Marais
Background: Patients with high-risk stage II/III resected melanoma commonly develop distant metastases. At present, we cannot differentiate between patients who will recur or those who are cured by surgery. We investigated if circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) can predict relapse and survival in patients with resected melanoma. Patients and methods: We performed droplet digital polymerase chain reaction to detect BRAF and NRAS mutations in plasma taken after surgery from 161 stage II/III high-risk melanoma patients enrolled in the AVAST-M adjuvant trial...
November 3, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110410/how-to-deal-with-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-the-light-of-an-african-ethic
#20
Thaddeus Metz
Many countries in Africa, and more generally those in the Global South with tropical areas, are plagued by illnesses that the wealthier parts of the world (mainly 'the West') neither suffer from nor put systematic effort into preventing, treating or curing. What does an ethic with a recognizably African pedigree entail for the ways various agents ought to respond to such neglected diseases? As many readers will know, a characteristically African ethic prescribes weighty duties to aid on the part of those in a position to do so, and it therefore entails that there should have been much more contribution from the Western, 'developed' world...
November 7, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
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