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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539735/pharmacognostic-specification-chlorogenic-acid-content-and-in-vitro-antioxidant-activities-of-lonicera-japonica-flowering-bud
#1
Chayanon Chaowuttikul, Chanida Palanuvej, Nijsiri Ruangrungsi
BACKGROUND: Lonicera japonica Thunb. or Japanese Honeysuckle has been widely used in traditional medicine for antipyretic. OBJECTIVE: To establish the pharmacognostic specification of L. japonica flowering bud in Thailand and to determine its chlorogenic acid content and in vitro antioxidant activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dried L. japonica flowering bud from 15 various herbal drugstores throughout Thailand were investigated for pharmacognostic specification...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534923/divergent-syntheses-of-iodinated-isobenzofuranones-and-isochromenones-by-iodolactonization-of-2-alkynylbenzoic-acids-in-ionic-liquids
#2
Raffaella Mancuso, Christian C Pomelli, Francesco Malafronte, Asif Maner, Nadia Marino, Cinzia Chiappe, Bartolo Gabriele
The regiochemical outcome of the iodolactonization of 2-alkynylbenzoic acids, carried out at 100 °C in ionic liquids (ILs) as unconventional solvents and with molecular iodine as the iodine source, in the absence of external bases, was found to be strongly dependent on the nature of the IL medium. In particular, while the use of N-ethyl-N-methylmorpholinium dicyanamide (Mor1,2N(CN)2) promoted the stereoselective formation of (E)-3-(iodomethylene)isobenzofuran-1(3H)-ones, through an anti-5-exo-dig cyclization route, the use of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethyl sulfate (EmimEtSO4) tended to favor the 6-endo-dig cyclization mode, with preferential or selective formation of 4-iodo-1H-isochromen-1-ones...
June 7, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458298/biological-activities-and-antibacterial-biomarker-of-sesbania-grandiflora-bark-extract
#3
Pimporn Anantaworasakul, Hiroshi Hamamoto, Kazuhisa Sekimizu, Siriporn Okonogi
In the present study, the fractionated extracts of Sesbania grandiflora bark were prepared and evaluated for their biological activities. The ethyl acetate fractionate (EAF) showed high antioxidant activity along with free radical scavenging and reducing mechanisms. The free radical scavenging antioxidant activity of EAF was 69.3 ± 3.6% where its Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity was 13.6 ± 0.7 mM/mg. EAF exhibited the reducing power equivalent to ferrous sulfate at 152 ± 2 mM/mg and equivalent to gallic acid at 1...
April 30, 2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453638/etg-ets-in-serum-by-uhplc-ms-ms-in-suspected-sexual-assault-cases
#4
Solfrid Hegstad, Arne Helland, Cecilie Hagemann, Olav Spigset
A method including semi-automated extraction of ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) from serum followed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS-MS) has been developed and validated. Sample preparation prior to UHPLC-MS-MS analysis consisted of protein precipitation and filtration through a phospholipid removal plate. Chromatography was achieved using an HSS T3 column and gradient elution with formic acid in water in combination with methanol. The mass spectrometer was monitored in the negative mode with multiple reaction monitoring...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447183/optical-and-photophysical-investigation-of-2e-1-2-5-dimethylfuran-3-yl-3-9-ethyl-9h-carbazol-3-yl-prop-2-en-1-one-depo-by-spectrofluorometer-in-organized-medium
#5
Abdullah M Asiri, Al-Anood M Al-Dies, Salman A Khan
(2E)-1-(2,5-dimethylfuran-3-yl)-3-(9-ethyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (DEPO) was prepared by the reaction of 9-ethyl-9H-carbazole-3-carbaldehyde with 1-(2,5-dimethylfuran-3-yl)ethanone under microwave irradiation. The structure of DEPO was established experimentally by EI-MS, FT-IR, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectral studies. Electronic absorption and emission spectra of DEPO were studied in different solvents on the basis of polarities, and the obtain data were used to determine the solvatochromic properties such as extinction coefficient, oscillator strength, transition dipole moment, stokes shift, fluorescence quantum yield and photochemical quantum yield...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417172/simultaneous-determination-of-multiclass-pesticide-residues-in-human-plasma-using-a-mini-quechers-method
#6
Anshuman Srivastava, Satyajeet Rai, Ashish Kumar Sonker, Kajal Karsauliya, Chandra Prabha Pandey, Sheelendra Pratap Singh
Blood is one of the most assessable matrices for the determination of pesticide residue exposure in humans. Effective sample preparation/cleanup of biological samples is very important in the development of a sensitive, reproducible, and robust method. In the present study, a simple, cost-effective, and rapid gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method has been developed and validated for simultaneous analysis of 31 multiclass (organophosphates, organochlorines, and synthetic pyrethroids) pesticide residues in human plasma by means of a mini QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) method...
April 17, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335977/simultaneous-determination-of-ethanol-s-four-types-of-non-oxidative-metabolites-in-human-whole-blood-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#7
Xinyu Zhang, Feng Zheng, Zebin Lin, Sys Stybe Johansen, Tianfang Yu, Yuming Liu, Zhibin Huang, Jiaolun Li, Jie Yan, Yulan Rao
The importance of ethanol non-oxidative metabolites as the specific biomarkers of alcohol consumption in clinical and forensic settings is increasingly acknowledged. Simultaneous determination of these metabolites can provide a wealth of information like drinking habit and history, but it was difficult to achieve because of their wide range of polarity. This work describes development and validation of a simple liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay for 4 types of ethanol non-oxidative metabolites (ethyl glucuronide, ethyl sulfate, fatty acid ethyl esters and phosphatidylethanols) in 50 μL of human whole blood...
April 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334528/why-prodrugs-and-propesticides-succeed
#8
John E Casida
What are the advantages of bioactivation in optimizing drugs and pesticides? Why are there so many prodrugs and propesticides? These questions are examined here by considering compounds selected on the basis of economic value or market success in 2015. The 100 major drugs and 90 major pesticides are divided into ones acting directly and those definitely or possibly requiring bioactivation. Established or candidate prodrugs accounted for 19% of the total drug sales, with corresponding values of 20, 37, and 17% for proinsecticides, proherbicides, and profungicides...
April 7, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304351/the-preparation-and-identification-of-a-monoclonal-antibody-against-citrinin-and-the-development-of-detection-via-indirect-competitive-elisa
#9
Shimuye Kalayu Yirga, Sumei Ling, Yanling Yang, Jun Yuan, Shihua Wang
Citrinin (CTN) is a hepato-nephrotoxic mycotoxin produced by fungi genera of Aspergillus, Monauscus, and Penicillium. CTN contaminates grains, fruits, juices and vegetables, and causes various toxic effects to humans and animals. It has small molecular weight, which is non-immunogenic to animals. Thus, CTN was conjugated to bovine serum albumin (BSA) and ovalbumin (OVA), respectively, by amide bonds using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS). Mice were immunized with CTN-BSA conjugates, and spleen cells of the immunized mice were fused with Sp2/0 myeloma cells to obtain 21H27 hybriodoma cell...
March 17, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289994/determination-of-rhodamine-b-in-food-samples-by-fe3o4-ionic-liquids-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-cross-linked-polymer-solid-phase-extraction-coupled-with-fluorescence-spectrophotometry
#10
Almojtaba AbdAlkhalig Ahmed Bakheet, Xia Shi Zhu
Fe3O4@Ionic liquids β-cyclodextrin polymer(Fe3O4@ mono-6- deoxy-6- (1-ethyl- imidazolium)-β-cyclodextrin iodide polymer, ILs-β-CDCP) was prepared. A novel method based on Fe3O4@ILs-β-CDCP solid phase extraction coupled with fluorescence spectrophotometry for Rhodamine B (RhB) determination, was investigated. Results were shown that RhB was adsorbed on Fe3O4@ILs-β-CDCP and eluted with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) (1.0%) rapidly. Different parameters, such as pH, adsorption time and volume, eluent volume and time were studied...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272346/a-greener-quick-and-comprehensive-extraction-approach-for-lc-ms-of-multiple-mycotoxins
#11
Andreas Breidbach
In food/feed control, mycotoxin analysis is often still performed "one analyte at a time". Here a method is presented which aims at making mycotoxin analysis environmentally friendlier through replacing acetonitrile by ethyl acetate and reducing chemical waste production by analyzing four mycotoxins together, forgoing sample extract clean-up, and minimizing solvent consumption. For this, 2 g of test material were suspended in 8 mL water and 16 mL ethyl acetate were added. Extraction was accelerated through sonication for 30 min and subsequent addition of 8 g sodium sulfate...
March 7, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242546/characterization-and-evaluation-of-bioactive-polyphenolic-constituents-from-zanthoxylum-armatum-dc-a-traditionally-used-plant
#12
Zulfa Nooreen, Shilpi Singh, Dhananjay Kumar Singh, Sudeep Tandon, Ateeque Ahmad, Suaib Luqman
Zanthoxylum armatum or Timoor has been used in different traditional system of medicine due to its aromatic properties and also in the treatment of cancer, diarrhea and cholera. In the present investigation, four chemically distinct compounds namely Tambulin (6), Prudomestin (7), Ombuin (8) and 3, 4, 5, 3', 4', 5'-hexahydroxydiphenyl ether (9) have been isolated and quantified from the fruits. To explore the biological activities, we have further studied the antiproliferative, antimicrobial and antioxidant efficacy...
May 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167367/large-scale-synthesis-and-regioselective-protection-schemes-of-ethyl-2-azido-2-deoxy-1-thio-%C3%AE-d-cellobioside-for-preparation-of-heparin-thiodisaccharide-building-blocks
#13
Kevin Sheerin, Lorenzo Guazzelli, Stefan Oscarson
Crystalline acetylated ethyl 2-azido-2-deoxy-1-thio-α-d-cellobioside has been prepared on a multigram scale from cellobiose in an overall yield of 23% with no chromatography required and converted after deacetylation into the 4',6'-O-benzylidene and 4',6'-O-benzylidene-6-O-TBDMS protected derivatives. Applying a number of regioselective benzylation methods on these gave access to a variety of regioselectively protected derivatives, both mono-ols (2'- and 3-OH), diols (2',6-, 2',3-, and 3,6-di-OH), and triols (2',3,6- and 2',3',3-tri-OH)...
February 22, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152658/lc-ms-identification-and-preparative-hplc-isolation-of-frankenia-pulverulenta-phenolics-with-antioxidant-and-neuroprotective-capacities-in-pc12-cell-line
#14
Rim Ben Mansour, Megdiche Ksouri Wided, Stéphanie Cluzet, Stéphanie Krisa, Tristan Richard, Riadh Ksouri
CONTEXT: Frankenia pulverulenta L. (Frankeniaceae) is a medicinal species with carminative, analgesic and antiviral properties. However, phytochemical investigations, antioxidant and neuroprotective capacities of this plant remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: This work assesses the phenolic composition of F. pulverulenta shoot and root and evaluates their antioxidant and neuroprotective capacities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Successive fractionation of F...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137860/creatine-maintains-intestinal-homeostasis-and-protects-against-colitis
#15
Emre Turer, William McAlpine, Kuan-Wen Wang, Tianshi Lu, Xiaohong Li, Miao Tang, Xiaoming Zhan, Tao Wang, Xiaowei Zhan, Chun-Hui Bu, Anne R Murray, Bruce Beutler
Creatine, a nitrogenous organic acid, replenishes cytoplasmic ATP at the expense of mitochondrial ATP via the phosphocreatine shuttle. Creatine levels are maintained by diet and endogenous synthesis from arginine and glycine. Glycine amidinotransferase (GATM) catalyzes the rate-limiting step of creatine biosynthesis: the transfer of an amidino group from arginine to glycine to form ornithine and guanidinoacetate. We screened 36,530 third-generation germline mutant mice derived from N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-mutagenized grandsires for intestinal homeostasis abnormalities after oral administration of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)...
February 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132972/a-new-desorption-method-for-removing-organic-solvents-from-activated-carbon-using-surfactant
#16
Mitsuo Hinoue, Sumiyo Ishimatsu, Yukiko Fueta, Hajime Hori
OBJECTIVES: A new desorption method was investigated, which does not require toxic organic solvents. Efficient desorption of organic solvents from activated carbon was achieved with an ananionic surfactant solution, focusing on its washing and emulsion action. METHODS: Isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) were used as test solvents. Lauryl benzene sulfonic acid sodium salt (LAS) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were used as the surfactant. Activated carbon (100 mg) was placed in a vial and a predetermined amount of organic solvent was added...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130892/development-and-validation-of-an-hplc-method-for-determination-of-thiamethoxam-and-its-metabolites-in-cotton-leaves-and-soil
#17
Gagan Jyot, Balwinder Singh
An easy and simple analytical method was standardized and validated for the estimation of residues of thiamethoxam and its metabolites in cotton. The samples were extracted with acetonitrile, water, and methanol; diluted with brine solution; partitioned into dichloromethane and ethyl acetate; dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate; and cleaned up by glass column chromatography. Final clear extracts were concentrated under vacuum and reconstituted into HPLC grade acetonitrile, and residues were estimated using an HPLC instrument equipped with a C18 column and photodiode array detector system...
May 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098942/biomarkers-for-the-detection-of-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Heidi Bager, Lars Porskjaer Christensen, Steffen Husby, Lene Bjerregaard
Alcohol exposure during pregnancy can cause adverse effects to the fetus, because it interferes with fetal development, leading to later physical and mental impairment. The most common clinical tool to determine fetal alcohol exposure is maternal self-reporting. However, a more objective and useful method is based on the use of biomarkers in biological specimens alone or in combination with maternal self-reporting. This review reports on clinically relevant biomarkers for detection of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE)...
February 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079919/copper-oxide-nanoparticles-and-copper-sulphate-act-as-antigenotoxic-agents-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#19
Mohamed Alaraby, Alba Hernández, Ricard Marcos
The biological reactivity of metal and metal oxide nanomaterials is attributed to their redox properties, which would explain their pro- or anti-cancer properties depending on exposure circumstances. In this sense, copper oxide nanoparticles (CuONP) have been proposed as a potential anti-tumoral agent. The aim of this study was to assess if CuONP can exert antigenotoxic effects using Drosophila melanogaster as an in vivo model. Genotoxicity was induced by two well-known genotoxic compounds, namely potassium dichromate (PD) and ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS)...
January 12, 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069244/ultrasonic-irradiation-assisted-synthesis-of-bi2s3-nanoparticles-in-aqueous-ionic-liquid-at-ambient-condition
#20
Salomé M de la Parra-Arciniega, Nora A Garcia-Gomez, Lorena L Garza-Tovar, Domingo I García-Gutiérrez, Eduardo M Sánchez
In this work, an easy, fast and environmentally friendly method to obtain Bi2S3 nanostructures with sphere-like morphology is introduced. The promising material was successfully synthesized by a sonochemical route in 20% 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethyl sulfate [EMIM][EtSO4] ionic liquid solution (IL). Morphological studies by electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) show that the use of IL in the synthesis of Bi2S3 favors the formation of nanocrystals non-agglomerated. Micro Raman and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS) were used to determine the composition and purity of the synthesized material...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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