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Neonatal respiratory care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726266/survival-among-children-with-lethal-congenital-contracture-syndrome-11-caused-by-novel-mutations-in-the-gliomedin-gene-gldn
#1
Jennifer A Wambach, Georg M Stettner, Tobias B Haack, Karin Writzl, Andreja Škofljanec, Aleš Maver, Francina Munell, Stephan Ossowski, Mattia Bosio, Daniel J Wegner, Marwan Shinawi, Dustin Baldridge, Bader Alhaddad, Tim M Strom, Dorothy K Grange, Ekkehard Wilichowski, Robin Troxell, James Collins, Barbara B Warner, Robert E Schmidt, Alan Pestronk, F Sessions Cole, Robert Steinfeld
Biallelic GLDN mutations have recently been identified among infants with lethal congenital contracture syndrome 11 (LCCS11). GLDN encodes gliomedin, a protein required for the formation of the nodes of Ranvier and development of the human peripheral nervous system. We report 6 infants and children from 4 unrelated families with biallelic GLDN mutations, 4 of whom survived beyond the neonatal period into infancy, childhood, and late adolescence with intensive care and chronic respiratory and nutritional support...
July 20, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718356/comparison-of-three-non-invasive-ventilation-strategies-nsippv-bipap-ncpap-for-rds-in-vlbw-infants
#2
Vincenzo Salvo, Gianluca Lista, Enrica Lupo, Alberto Ricotti, Luc J I Zimmermann, Antonio W D Gavilanes, Eloisa Gitto, Micaela Colivicchi, Valeria Ferraù, Diego Gazzolo
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) significantly changed the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. Further perspectives for neonatologists regard the assessment of different NIV strategies in terms of availability, effectiveness and failure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of three different NIV strategies: nasal continuous pressure (N-CPAP), nasal synchronized intermittent positive pressure ventilation (N-SIPPV) and nasal bilevel CPAP (BiPAP), as first intention treatment for RDS in very low birth-weight infants (VLBW)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716351/effect-of-provision-of-home-based-curative-health-services-by-public-sector-health-care-providers-on-neonatal-survival-a-community-based-cluster-randomised-trial-in-rural-pakistan
#3
Sajid Soofi, Simon Cousens, Ali Turab, Yaqub Wasan, Shah Mohammed, Shabina Ariff, Zaid Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Steve Wall, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Although the effectiveness of community mobilisation and promotive care delivered by community health workers in reducing perinatal and neonatal mortality is well established, evidence in support of home-based neonatal resuscitation and infection management is mixed. We assessed the effectiveness of adding training in neonatal bag and mask resuscitation and oral antibiotic therapy for suspected neonatal infections to a basic preventive and promotive interventions package delivered by public sector community-based lady health workers (LHWs) in rural Pakistan...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707404/sustained-versus-standard-inflations-during-neonatal-resuscitation-to-prevent-mortality-and-improve-respiratory-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Matteo Bruschettini, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Peter G Davis, Colin J Morley, Lorenzo Moja, Simona Zappettini, Maria Grazia Calevo
BACKGROUND: At birth, infants' lungs are fluid-filled. For newborns to have a successful transition, this fluid must be replaced by air to enable effective breathing. Some infants are judged to have inadequate breathing at birth and are resuscitated with positive pressure ventilation (PPV). Giving prolonged (sustained) inflations at the start of PPV may help clear lung fluid and establish gas volume within the lungs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of an initial sustained (> 1 second duration) lung inflation versus standard inflations (≤ 1 second) in newly born infants receiving resuscitation with intermittent PPV...
July 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704835/high-prevalence-of-pulmonary-hypertension-complicates-the-care-of-infants-with-omphalocele
#5
Shandee Hutson, Joanne Baerg, Douglas Deming, Shawn D St Peter, Andrew Hopper, Donna A Goff
BACKGROUND: Omphalocele is one of the most common abdominal wall defects. Many newborn infants born with omphalocele present with significant respiratory distress at birth, requiring mechanical ventilatory support, and have clinical evidence of pulmonary hypertension. Little information exists on the prevalence of and risk factors associated with pulmonary hypertension in this cohort of infants. OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of and risk factors associated with pulmonary hypertension among infants with omphalocele...
July 14, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704817/outcome-of-preterm-neonates-with-a-birth-weight-1-500-g-with-severe-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-rescued-by-inhaled-nitric-oxide-therapy-and-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation
#6
Atoosa Golfar, Jagmeet Bhogal, Barbara Kamstra, Ann Hudson-Mason, Mosarrat Qureshi, Georg M Schmölzer, Po-Yin Cheung
BACKGROUND: Despite being an experimental therapy in preterm neonates, inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is used as a rescue therapy when high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and other conventional therapies fail. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the outcomes of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates with hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF) who had received iNO after maximal conventional therapies. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed preterm neonates (<33 weeks of gestation with a birth weight <1,500 g) who had all received HFOV and then iNO from March 1, 2009 to April 1, 2014 at the Royal Alexandra Hospital...
July 14, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693597/clinical-outcome-and-risk-factors-of-neonatal-sepsis-among-neonates-in-felege-hiwot-referral-hospital-bahir-dar-amhara-regional-state-north-west-ethiopia-2016-a-retrospective-chart-review
#7
Tilahun Tewabe, Seida Mohammed, Yibeltal Tilahun, Birhanie Melaku, Mequanint Fenta, Tsigiereda Dagnaw, Amare Belachew, Ashagre Molla, Habte Belete
BACKGROUND: Sepsis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates. The risk factors and clinical outcomes of sepsis are poorly understood. Most cases of sepsis occurred mostly within the first week of newborns life related to perinatal risk factors. Late onset sepsis is related to hospital acquired infections which is seen after seven days of age. The purpose of this study was to assess clinical outcome and risk factors of neonatal sepsis in Felege Hiwot referral hospital Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia...
July 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693463/descriptive-analysis-of-cochrane-child-relevant-systematic-reviews-an-update-and-comparison-between-2009-and-2013
#8
Katelynn Crick, Denise Thomson, Ricardo M Fernandes, Megan Nuspl, Dean T Eurich, Brian H Rowe, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews support health systems and clinical decision-making by identifying and summarizing all existing studies on a particular topic. In 2009, a comprehensive description of child-relevant systematic reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was compiled. This study aims to provide an update, and to describe these systematic reviews according to their content and methodological approaches. METHODS: All child-relevant systematic reviews published by the Cochrane Collaboration in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) as of March, 2013 were identified and described in relation to their content and methodological approaches...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690873/spinal-cord-infarction-in-a-sick-neonate-from-predominant-haemorrhagic-aetiology-a-case-report
#9
Richa Kulshrestha, Joy R Chowdhury, Radhesh K Lalam, Nigel T Kiely
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injuries in new born infants following a traumatic delivery or umbilical cord catheterisation due to thromboembolism are well known. Cases with atraumatic acute onset of neonatal paraplegia have also been described in preterm babies or babies born small for gestational age with a stormy postnatal course related to ischaemic aetiology. We describe a rare case of infarction of the spinal cord from a predominant haemorrhagic aetiology. CASE PRESENTATION: A term female baby, first child of unrelated parents, was born by normal vaginal delivery...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688610/-materials-for-the-paediatric-resuscitation-trolley-or-backpack-expert-recommendations
#10
Jesús López-Herce Cid, Antonio Rodríguez Núñez, Ángel Carrillo Álvarez, Gonzalo Zeballos Serrato, Cecilia Martínez Fernández-Llamazares, Custodio Calvo Macías
Cardio-respiratory arrest (CPA) is infrequent in children, but it can occur in any place and at any time. This fact means that every health care facility must always have the staff and material ready to resuscitate a child. These recommendations are the consensus of experts of the Spanish Paediatric and Neonatal Resuscitation Group on the material and medication for paediatric and neonatal resuscitation and their distribution and use. CPR trolleys and backpacks must include the essential material to quickly and efficiently perform a paediatric CPR...
July 5, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687343/the-montreux-definition-of-neonatal-ards-biological-and-clinical-background-behind-the-description-of-a-new-entity
#11
REVIEW
Daniele De Luca, Anton H van Kaam, David G Tingay, Sherry E Courtney, Olivier Danhaive, Virgilio P Carnielli, Luc J Zimmermann, Martin C J Kneyber, Pierre Tissieres, Joe Brierley, Giorgio Conti, Jane J Pillow, Peter C Rimensberger
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is undefined in neonates, despite the long-standing existing formal recognition of ARDS syndrome in later life. We describe the Neonatal ARDS Project: an international, collaborative, multicentre, and multidisciplinary project which aimed to produce an ARDS consensus definition for neonates that is applicable from the perinatal period. The definition was created through discussions between five expert members of the European Society for Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care; four experts of the European Society for Paediatric Research; two independent experts from the USA and two from Australia...
July 4, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687188/-oral-and-dental-expression-of-thyroid-diseases
#12
Jean-Louis Wémeau, Christine Do Cao, Miriam Ladsous
Oral disorders were observed in children with congenital hypothyroidism, lately apparent because of difficulties of feeding, swallowing disorders, and macroglossia. Macroglossia was also a component of the severe acquired myxedema, particularly observed in hypothyroidism related to autoimmune atrophic thyroiditis beyond menopause. Lingual ectopy in children and adults could determine respiratory gene or swallowing difficulties, and were detectable by visual examination and the endobuccal touch. Expression of these events was completely minimized since the neonatal screening of congenital hypothyroidism, also by the common practice in adults of serum TSH determinations...
July 4, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684633/metaproteomics-reveals-functional-differences-in-intestinal-microbiota-development-of-preterm-infants
#13
Romy D Zwittink, Diny van Zoeren-Grobben, Rocio Martin, Richard A van Lingen, Liesbeth J Groot Jebbink, Sjef Boeren, Ingrid B Renes, Ruurd M van Elburg, Clara Belzer, Jan Knol
Development of the gastrointestinal tract and immune system can be modulated by the gut microbiota. Establishment of the intestinal microbiota, in its turn, is affected by host- and environmental factors. As such, development of the gut microbiota is greatly impacted in preterm infants, who have an immature gut and are exposed to factors like hospitalisation, caesarean section, antibiotics, and respiratory support.</p> <p>Design: We analysed faecal microbiota composition and activity of ten preterm infants (gestational age 25-30 weeks; birthweight 630-1750 gram) during the first six postnatal weeks through metaproteomics (LC-MS/MS) and 16S-rRNA gene sequencing...
July 6, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682316/neonatal-outcomes-based-on-mode-and-intensity-of-delivery-room-resuscitation
#14
A Bashir, B Bird, L Wu, S Welles, H Taylor, E Anday, V Bhandari
OBJECTIVE: To examine outcomes of neonates based on the mode and intensity of resuscitation received in the delivery room (DR). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of 439 infants with birth weight ⩽1500 g receiving DR resuscitation at two hospital centers in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. RESULTS: Of 439 infants, 22 (5%) received routine care, 188 (43%) received noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (PPV) and 229 (52%) received endotracheal tube (ETT) intubation in the DR...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665066/comparison-of-follow-up-courses-after-discharge-from-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-between-very-low-birth-weight-infants-with-and-without-home-oxygen
#15
Ji Sook Kim, Jae Won Shim, Jang Hoon Lee, Yun Sil Chang
In order to investigate the clinical impact of home oxygen use for care of premature infants, we compared the follow-up courses after neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge between very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) with and without home oxygen. We retrospectively identified 1,232 VLBWIs born at 22 to 32 weeks of gestation, discharged from the NICU of 43 hospitals in Korea between April 2009 and March 2010, and followed them up until April 2011. Clinical outcomes, medical service uses, and readmission and death rates during follow-up after the NICU discharge were compared between VLBWIs with (HO, n = 167) and those without (CON, n = 1,056) home oxygen at discharge...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661515/surfactant-utilization-and-short-term-outcomes-in-an-era-of-non-invasive-respiratory-support-in-canadian-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#16
K Raghuram, A Mukerji, J Young, W Yee, M Seshia, K Dow, V Shah
OBJECTIVE: Increased use of non-invasive respiratory support (NRS) in the delivery room management of preterm neonates has resulted in delayed surfactant treatment, yet the short-term effects of this change are unknown. The aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate the use of surfactant and the short-term outcomes prior to and after the implementation of early routine use of NRS. STUDY DESIGN: Eligible infants of <29 weeks gestational age (GA) admitted to a Canadian tertiary neonatal center during two time periods (2005 to 2008 and 2010 to 2013) were included in this retrospective cohort study...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655731/ultra-low-dose-intravitreal-bevacizumab-for-the-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-a-case-series
#17
Roxane J Hillier, Alan J Connor, Ayad E Shafiq
BACKGROUND: Intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) has emerged as an effective treatment modality for the management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) where the disease is severe and posterior. Despite evidence of systemic vascular endothelial growth factor suppression and concerns about how this might affect the developing neonate, the optimal dose is unknown to date. We report our experience of using ultra-low-dose (0.16 mg) IVB, one-quarter of the 'standard' dose that has widely been reported in the treatment of ROP...
June 27, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653615/maternal-and-neonatal-morbidity-repeat%C3%A2-cesarean-versus-a%C3%A2-trial-of-labour-after-previous%C3%A2-cesarean%C3%A2-delivery
#18
Yue-Zhou Yang, Xu-Ping Ye, Xiao-Xi Sun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to perform a meta-analysis comparing the rates of uterine rupture, and other maternal and neonatal complications, between women who undergo a trial of labour (TOL) after a prior Cesarean delivery and those to undergo elective repeat Cesarean delivery (ERCD). SOURCE: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE and Google Scholar were searched until May 6, 2015 using the keywords/phrases: trial of labour, Cesarean section, elective, repeat, pregnancy and vaginal birth...
June 26, 2017: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651448/adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-deliveries-prior-to-at-and-beyond-39%C3%A2-weeks-low-and-high-risk-women
#19
Hind N Moussa, Susan Hosseini Nasab, Farah H Amro, Jennifer Hoayek, Ziad A Haidar, Sean C Blackwell, Baha M Sibai
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders are associated with maternal and neonatal complications. Though they are more common in women with history of prior preeclampsia, they can occur in uncomplicated pregnancies. OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of adverse pregnancy outcomes in deliveries prior to or at ≥39 weeks, in uncomplicated singleton nulliparous women (low-risk), as well as women with history of preeclampsia in a prior gestation (high-risk). STUDY DESIGN: This was a secondary analysis from the multicenter trials of low dose aspirin for preeclampsia prevention in low and high-risk pregnancies...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650702/a-case-report-of-methadone-associated-hypoglycemia-in-an-11-month-old-male
#20
Michael S Toce, Margaret A Stefater, David T Breault, Michele M Burns
BACKGROUND: Methadone is a synthetic μ-opioid receptor agonist that is used in the management of pain, neonatal abstinence withdrawal syndrome, and opioid dependence. Overdose can cause miosis, respiratory depression, and central nervous system depression. Rarely, hypoglycemia has been reported. We present the case of an 11-month-old male who developed hypoketotic, hyperinsulinemic, hypoglycemia after an acute, unintentional methadone exposure. CASE DETAILS: The patient was a previously healthy 11-month-old male who presented in respiratory failure...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
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