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anaesthesia for neurosurgery

Michael H Andreae, Arthur Atchabahian, Aileen M McCrillis, Jerry Y Chao, Suzuko Suzuki, Shlomo Shinnar, Charles B Hall, Richard B Lipton
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: The objective of this review is to compare the effects of regional versus general anaesthesia on cognitive function after procedures other than cardiac surgery or neurosurgery in adult and in paediatric patients.
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Peter Milos, Kerstin Metcalf, Patrick Vigren, Hans Lindehammar, Malin Nilsson, Sverre Boström
Awake craniotomy for brain tumours  Awake neurosurgery is a useful method in lesions near eloquent brain areas, particularly low-grade gliomas.The aim is to maximise tumour resection and preserve neurological function. We performed 40 primary awake surgeries and 8 residual surgeries. Patients were operated awake throughout the procedure or with a laryngeal mask and general anaesthesia during the opening stage and then awake during intracerebral surgery. Language and motor function were mapped with direct cortical stimulation, motor evoked potential and standardised neurological testing...
October 11, 2016: Läkartidningen
Guillaume Herbet, Sylvie Moritz-Gasser, Morgane Boiseau, Sophie Duvaux, Jérôme Cochereau, Hugues Duffau
Neurological insults that damage the left hemisphere are frequently associated with a variety of language disorders. Of these, lexical retrieval impairments are the most commonly observed, and often constitute the residual but lasting disturbance in patients with good functional outcomes. The current study was specifically designed to understand the anatomical factors that prevent full recovery of lexical retrieval in patients having undergone a neurosurgery for a left diffuse low-grade glioma, with a special focus on white matter disconnection...
September 6, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Hatice Kaya Ozdogan, Faruk Karateke, Mehmet Ozdogan, Sibel Cetinalp, Sefa Ozyazici, Yurdal Gezercan, Ali Ihsan Okten, Muge Celik, Salim Satar
OBJECTIVE: Since the civilian war in Syria began, thousands of seriously injured trauma patients from Syria were brought to Turkey for emergency operations and/or postoperative intensive care. The aim of this study was to present the demographics and clinical features of the wounded patients in Syrian civil war admitted to the surgical intensive care units in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: The records of 80 trauma patients admitted to the Anaesthesia, General Surgery and Neurosurgery ICUs between June 1, 2012 and July 15, 2014 were included in the study...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Luís Guimarães-Pereira, Maria Costa, Gabriela Sousa, Fernando Abelha
BACKGROUND: QoR-40, a 40-item questionnaire on quality of recovery from anaesthesia, has been shown to measure health status after surgery. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence of poor quality of recovery in our Post Anaesthesia Care Unit and to compare their QoR-40 scores before surgery and 3 months later. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in adult patients consecutively admitted from 18 June to 12 July 2012. The follow-up period was 3 months...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Afolabi Muyiwa Owojuyigbe, Edward O Komolafe, Anthony T Adenekan, Muyiwa A Dada, Chiazor U Onyia, Ibironke O Ogunbameru, Oluwafemi F Owagbemi, Ademola O Talabi, Fola A Faponle
BACKGROUND: It has been generally observed that children achieve better convalescence in the home environment especially if discharged same day after surgery. This is probably due to the fact that children generally tend to feel more at ease in the home environment than in the hospital setting. Only few tertiary health institutions provide routine day-case surgery for paediatric neurosurgical patients in our sub-region. OBJECTIVE: To review the pattern and practice of paediatric neurosurgical day-cases at our hospital...
April 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Ana Stevanovic, Rolf Rossaint, Michael Veldeman, Federico Bilotta, Mark Coburn
BACKGROUND: Awake craniotomy (AC) renders an expanded role in functional neurosurgery. Yet, evidence for optimal anaesthesia management remains limited. We aimed to summarise the latest clinical evidence of AC anaesthesia management and explore the relationship of AC failures on the used anaesthesia techniques. METHODS: Two authors performed independently a systematic search of English articles in PubMed and EMBASE database 1/2007-12/2015. Search included randomised controlled trials (RCTs), observational trials, and case reports (n>4 cases), which reported anaesthetic approach for AC and at least one of our pre-specified outcomes: intraoperative seizures, hypoxia, arterial hypertension, nausea and vomiting, neurological dysfunction, conversion into general anaesthesia and failure of AC...
2016: PloS One
Luís Guimarães-Pereira, Maria Costa, Gabriela Sousa, Fernando Abelha
BACKGROUND: QoR-40, a 40-item questionnaire on quality of recovery from anaesthesia, has been shown to measure health status after surgery. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence of poor quality of recovery in our Post Anaesthesia Care Unit and to compare their QoR-40 scores before surgery and 3 months later. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in adult patients consecutively admitted from 18 June to 12 July 2012. The follow-up period was 3 months...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Agnes S Meidert, Alexander Lang, Georg Hennig, Patricia Bernasconi, Aurelia Peraud, Josef Briegel, Tanija K Hüttl
An 8-year-old boy suffering from progressive glioblastoma was scheduled for neurosurgery. Prior to induction of anaesthesia pulse oximetry measured 64 % saturation of oxygen (SpO2). Arterial blood gas analysis revealed normal oxygen saturation and normal oxygen partial pressure. After having ruled out technical problems of pulse oximetry the neurosurgical procedure was halted. Meticulous examination of the child's history and medication did not explain a possible interaction of drugs with pulse oximetry. A Chinese herb tea had been given to the child, but was then stopped on the day of admission...
March 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Priyanka Gupta, Girija Prasad Rath, Hemanshu Prabhakar, Parmod Kumar Bithal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Rapid recovery is desirable after neurosurgery as it enables early post-operative neurological evaluation and prompt management of complications. Studies have been rare comparing the recovery characteristics in paediatric neurosurgical patients. Hence, this study was carried out to compare the effect of sevoflurane and desflurane anaesthesia on emergence and extubation in children undergoing spinal surgery. METHODS: Sixty children, aged 1-12 years, undergoing elective surgery for lumbo-sacral spinal dysraphism were enrolled...
August 2015: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Lily A Gutnik, Joseph Dielman, Anna J Dare, Margarita S Ramos, Robert Riviello, John G Meara, Gavin Yamey, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: In recent years, funds for global health have risen substantially, particularly for infectious diseases. Although conditions amenable to surgery account for 28% of the global burden of disease, the external funds directed towards global surgical delivery, capacity building, and research are currently unknown and presumed to be low. We aimed to describe external funds given to these efforts from the USA, the world's largest donor nation. METHODS: We searched the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), National Institute of Health (NIH), Foundation Center, and registered US charitable organisations databases for financial data on any giving exclusively to surgical care in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
April 27, 2015: Lancet
Rafael Badenes, Shaun E Gruenbaum, Federico Bilotta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the recent evidence on perioperative neuroprotection in patients undergoing brain surgery and in patients with acute stroke. RECENT FINDINGS: With varying degrees of success, numerous pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies have been employed to provide neuroprotection for patients during the perioperative period and after acute ischemic stroke (IAS). Recent studies have failed to demonstrate neuroprotective effects of intraoperative remifentanil or propofol use, although hypertonic saline may provide better brain relaxation than mannitol during elective intracranial surgery for tumor...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Abdul Ahad, Mohammed Elsayed, Hassaan Tohid
A large number of patients do not have cauda equina syndrome (CES) on MRI to account for their clinical findings; consequently, the majority of urgent scans requested are normal. We aimed to determine whether any clinical manifestation of CES, as stated in Royal College of Radiology guidelines, could predict the presence of established CES on MRI. We also aimed to support a larger study to develop a more universal assessment tool for acute lower back pain.A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who warranted urgent MRI was conducted...
August 2015: Neuroradiology Journal
Michael J Malcharek, Manuel Bartz, Birgit Rogos, Lutz Günther, Armin Sablotzki, Jochen Gille, Gerhard Schneider
BACKGROUND: Two methods of topical anaesthesia for awake fibreoptic intubation (FOI) in patients at risk of secondary cervical injury were compared: the translaryngeal injection (TLI) technique and the Enk Fibreoptic Atomizer. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine which system of topical anaesthesia provides the fastest and most comfortable awake FOI, using the oral approach. DESIGN: A randomised controlled study. SETTING: A single centre trial between 2009 and 2011...
September 2015: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Jochen Hinkelbein, Christian Mey, Gerrit Brinker, Roman Pfister, Bernd W Böttiger
BACKGROUND: Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is a rare disorder with high relevance for anaesthesia. It is an acute cardiac syndrome characterized by an acute onset of reversible left ventricular dysfunction associated with emotional and physical stress. This is the only case published of a patient having five severe Tako-Tsubo incidents in five consecutive general anaesthesia procedures within one year. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61 years old female patient (height 1...
2015: BMC Anesthesiology
Leonor Varela-Lema, Marisa Lopez-Garcia, Maria Maceira-Rozas, Victor Munoz-Garzon
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic radiosurgery is accepted as an alternative for patients with refractory trigeminal neuralgia, but existing evidence is fundamentally based on the Gamma Knife, which is a specific device for intracranial neurosurgery, available in few facilities. Over the last decade it has been shown that the use of linear accelerators can achieve similar diagnostic accuracy and equivalent dose distribution. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of linear-accelerator stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of patients with refractory trigeminal neuralgia...
January 2015: Pain Physician
Imelda M Galvin, Ron Levy, J Gordon Boyd, Andrew G Day, Micheal C Wallace
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing neurosurgery are at risk of cerebral ischaemia with resultant cerebral hypoxia and neuronal cell death. This can increase both the risk of mortality and long term neurological disability. Induced hypothermia has been shown to reduce the risk of cerebral ischaemic damage in both animal studies and in humans who have been resuscitated following cardiac arrest. This had lead to an increasing interest in its neuroprotective potential in neurosurgical patients...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Tanja A Treschan, Maximilian S Schaefer, Lida Subasi, Wolfgang Kaisers, Marcus J Schultz, Martin Beiderlinden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Matthew M J Smith
A patient undergoing general anaesthesia for neurosurgery exhibited an unexpected sudden decrease in the BiSpectral Index (BIS) value to near-zero. This prompted the detection of profound hypotension using non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) measurement and expedited urgent assessment and treatment, with the patient making a full recovery. Widely regarded as a 'depth of anaesthesia' monitor, this case demonstrates the potential extra clinical benefit BIS may have in the detection of critical incidents such as anaphylaxis during general anaesthesia...
2014: F1000Research
A V Rylova, A G Gavrilov, A Iu Lubnin, A A Potapov
Despite difficulties in providing xenon anaesthesia, xenon still seems to be attractive for neurosurgical procedures. But data upon its effect on intracranial (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) remains controversial. We monitored ICP and CPP in patients with or without intracranial hypertension during xenon inhalation in different concentrations. Our results suggest that caution should be used while inhaling xenon in high anaesthetic concentration in patients wiith known intracranial hypertension. We also address new possibilities of xenon use, e...
July 2014: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
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