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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724116/use-of-prescription-smoking-cessation-medications-after-myocardial-infarction-among-older-patients-in-community-practice
#1
Neha J Pagidipati, Anne Hellkamp, Laine Thomas, Martha Gulati, Eric D Peterson, Tracy Y Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723930/does-culture-create-craving-evidence-from-the-case-of-menstrual-chocolate-craving
#2
Julia M Hormes, Martha A Niemiec
Craving is considered a key characteristic of diverse pathologies, but evidence suggests it may be a culture-bound construct. Almost 50% of American women crave chocolate specifically around the onset of menstruation. Research does not support popular accounts implicating physiological factors in menstrual chocolate craving etiology. We tested the novel hypothesis that greater menstrual craving prevalence in the U.S. is the product of internalized cultural norms. Women of diverse backgrounds (n = 275) reported on craving frequency and triggers and completed validated measures of acculturation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723883/the-2014-american-college-of-critical-care-medicine-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-hemodynamic-support-of-pediatric-and-neonatal-septic-shock-executive-summary
#3
Alan L Davis, Joseph A Carcillo, Rajesh K Aneja, Andreas J Deymann, John C Lin, Trung C Nguyen, Regina S Okhuysen-Cawley, Monica S Relvas, Ranna A Rozenfeld, Peter W Skippen, Bonnie J Stojadinovic, Eric A Williams, Tim S Yeh, Fran Balamuth, Joe Brierley, Allan R de Caen, Ira M Cheifetz, Karen Choong, Edward Conway, Timothy Cornell, Allan Doctor, Marc-Andre Dugas, Jonathan D Feldman, Julie C Fitzgerald, Heidi R Flori, James D Fortenberry, Ana Lia Graciano, Bruce M Greenwald, Mark W Hall, Yong Yun Han, Lynn J Hernan, Jose E Irazuzta, Elizabeth Iselin, Elise W van der Jagt, Howard E Jeffries, Saraswati Kache, Chhavi Katyal, Niranjan Tex Kissoon, Alexander A Kon, Martha C Kutko, Graeme Maclaren, Timothy Maul, Renuka Mehta, Fola Odetola, Kristine Parbuoni, Raina Paul, Mark J Peters, Suchitra Ranjit, Karin E Reuter-Rice, Eduardo J Schnitzler, Halden F Scott, Adalberto Torres, Jacki Weingarten-Abrams, Scott L Weiss, Jerry J Zimmerman, Aaron L Zuckerberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722254/determination-of-irritant-threshold-concentrations-of-multiple-tree-grass-weed-and-mould-allergens-for-intradermal-testing-of-horses-residing-in-the-southern-usa
#4
Martha J Lane, Cherie M Pucheu-Haston, Michael T Kearney, Michelle Woodward
BACKGROUND: Appropriate allergen threshold concentrations (TCs) for intradermal testing (IDT) have not been established in horses for many pollen and mould allergens. OBJECTIVES: To determine the TCs in non-allergic horses and describe the frequency of late phase reactions for 26 allergens, including trees, grasses, weeds and moulds in horses residing in the southern Unites States. ANIMALS: Twenty four clinically normal horses in the southern United States...
July 18, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721569/management-of-enterocutaneous-fistula-outcomes-in-276-patients
#5
Martha Quinn, Stuart Falconer, Ruth F McKee
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes of patients with type II intestinal failure due to enterocutaneous fistulae in a tertiary referral centre over a 15 year period. Intestinal failure secondary to enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) requires multidisciplinary management at significant cost. Mortality and morbidity are high. METHODS: Patients were identified from a prospectively collected database of patients requiring inpatient parenteral nutrition (1998-2013). Data collected included: demographics, mode of admission, pathological grouping and outcome...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719267/comparison-of-cytokine-responses-in-ecuadorian-children-infected-with-giardia-ascaris-or-both-parasites
#6
Jill Weatherhead, Andrea Arévalo Cortés, Carlos Sandoval, Maritza Vaca, Martha Chico, Sophia Loor, Philip J Cooper, Rojelio Mejia
AbstractMore than 2 billion people are infected with parasites globally, and the majority have coinfections. Intestinal protozoa and helminths induce polarizing CD4(+) T-helper cell 1 (Th1) mediated cytokine responses within the host. Such immune polarization may inhibit the ability of the host to mount an adequate immune response for pathogen clearance to concurrent pathogens. The current study evaluated the plasma cytokine profile in Ascaris and Giardia coinfected children compared with Giardia- and Ascaris-only infected children...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719263/burden-of-disease-attributed-to-waterborne-transmission-of-selected-enteric-pathogens-australia-2010
#7
Katherine B Gibney, Joanne O'Toole, Martha Sinclair, Karin Leder
AbstractUniversal access to safe drinking water is a global priority. To estimate the annual disease burden of campylobacteriosis, nontyphoidal salmonellosis, cryptosporidiosis, giardiasis, and norovirus attributable to waterborne transmission in Australia, we multiplied regional World Health Organization (WHO) estimates of the proportion of cases attributable to waterborne transmission by estimates of all-source disease burden for each study pathogen. Norovirus was attributed as causing the most waterborne disease cases (479,632; 95% uncertainty interval [UI]: 0-1,111,874) followed by giardiasis and campylobacteriosis...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719151/staged-treatment-in-early-psychosis-a-sequential-multiple-assignment-randomised-trial-of-interventions-for-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis-patients
#8
REVIEW
Barnaby Nelson, G Paul Amminger, Hok Pan Yuen, Nicky Wallis, Melissa J Kerr, Lisa Dixon, Cameron Carter, Rachel Loewy, Tara A Niendam, Martha Shumway, Sarah Morris, Julie Blasioli, Patrick D McGorry
AIM: Previous research indicates that preventive intervention is likely to benefit patients "at risk" of psychosis, in terms of functional improvement, symptom reduction and delay or prevention of onset of threshold psychotic disorder. The primary aim of the current study is to test outcomes of ultra high risk (UHR) patients, primarily functional outcome, in response to a sequential intervention strategy consisting of support and problem solving (SPS), cognitive-behavioural case management and antidepressant medication...
July 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718914/reduced-numbers-of-circulating-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-in-patients-with-common-variable-immunodeficiency
#9
Christoph B Geier, Sophie Kraupp, David Bra, Martha M Eibl, Jocelyn R Farmer, Krisztian Csomos, Jolan E Walter, Hermann M Wolf
Recent studies identified an emerging role of group 2 and 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) as key players in the generation of T-dependent and T-independent antibody production. In this retrospective case-control study CD117(+) ILCs (including the majority of ILC2 and ILC3) were reduced in patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). The reduction in CD117(+) ILCs was distinctive to CVID and could not be observed in patients with X linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA). Patients with a more pronounced reduction in CD117(+) ILC numbers showed significantly lower numbers of peripheral MZ-like B cells and an increased prevalence of chronic, non-infectious enteropathy...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718019/neonatal-placental-and-umbilical-cord-blood-parameters-in-pregnant-women-residing-in-areas-with-intensive-pesticide-application
#10
María Martha Quintana, Berta Vera, Gladis Magnarelli, Natalia Guiñazú, María Gabriela Rovedatti
In rural populations, the proximity to areas with intensive pesticide application represents a risk factor of xenobiotic exposure. Here, we investigated whether newborns born to mothers residing in an area with intensive pesticide application show alterations in placental and neonatal morphometric standards, umbilical cord blood (UCB) biochemical parameters, and/or biomarkers related to oxidative stress and oxidative damage. Samples were collected from 151 healthy pregnant women residing in a rural area (rural group; RG) during the pesticide spraying (SS) and nonspraying (NSS) seasons, as well as from women from an urban population (control group; CG), and grouped according to the delivery type (vaginal or cesarean)...
July 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717383/what-influences-feeding-decisions-for-hiv-exposed-infants-in-rural-kenya
#11
Helen M Nabwera, Joyline Jepkosgei, Kelly W Muraya, Amin S Hassan, Catherine S Molyneux, Rehema Ali, Andrew M Prentice, James A Berkley, Martha K Mwangome
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding in the context of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) poses unique challenges to mothers and healthcare workers in balancing the perceived risks of HIV transmission and nutritional requirements. We aimed to describe the decision-making processes around infant feeding at a rural HIV clinic in Kenya. METHODS: We used a qualitative study design. Between March and August 2011, we conducted in-depth interviews (n = 9) and focus group discussions (n = 10) with purposively selected hospital and community respondents at Kilifi County Hospital, Kenya...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717241/sca-1-identifies-a-trophoblast-population-with-multipotent-potential-in-the-mid-gestation-mouse-placenta
#12
Bryony V Natale, Christina Schweitzer, Martha Hughes, Maria A Globisch, Ramie Kotadia, Emilie Tremblay, Priscilla Vu, James C Cross, David R C Natale
Trophoblast stem (TS) cells in the mouse derive from the polar trophectoderm of the blastocyst and persist through early gestation (to E8.5) to support placental development. Further development and growth is proposed to rely on layer-restricted progenitor cells. Stem cell antigen (Sca) -1 is a member of the Ly6 gene family and a known marker of stem cells in both hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic mouse tissues. Having identified that Sca-1 mRNA was highly expressed in mouse TS cells in culture, we found that it was also expressed in a subset of trophoblast within the chorion and labyrinth layer of the mouse placenta...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716294/life-cycle-assessment-of-the-use-of-alternative-fuels-in-cement-kilns-a-case-study
#13
Martha Georgiopoulou, Gerasimos Lyberatos
The benefits of using alternative fuels (AFs) in the cement industry include reduction of the use of non-renewable fossil fuels and lower emissions of greenhouse gases, since fossil fuels are replaced with materials that would otherwise be degraded or incinerated with corresponding emissions and final residues. Furthermore, the use of alternative fuels maximizes the recovery of energy. Seven different scenaria were developed for the production of 1 ton of clinker in a rotary cement kiln. Each of these scenaria includes the use of alternative fuels such as RDF (Refuse derived fuel), TDF (Tire derived fuel) and BS (Biological sludge) or a mixture of them, in partial replacement of conventional fuels such as coal and pet coke...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716239/acquired-transthyretin-amyloidosis-after-domino-liver-transplant-phenotypic-correlation-implication-of-liver-retransplantation
#14
Eli Muchtar, Martha Grogan, Surendra Dasari, Paul J Kurtin, Morie A Gertz
Reports of acquired ATTRm in domino liver transplant (DLT) recipients are infrequent and the approach to management is unknown. We describe two patients, an inherited ATTRm patient who underwent liver transplant and his liver recipient who developed acquired ATTRm 8years following transplantation. The clinical manifestations of amyloidosis were similar between patients and consisted of peripheral neuropathy, diarrhea and weight loss. Following liver transplantation, the DLT donor went into remission for 4years, but eventually progressed and died...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715904/considerations-for-optimal-management-of-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-multi-stakeholder-roundtable-discussion
#15
Sean M Studer, Martha Kingman, Luis Calo, H Eric Cannon, Jeffrey D Dunn, Thomas James, Sonya J Lewis, Robert J Gilkin, Janis A Pruett
A roundtable panel of national and regional managed care decision makers and providers met to discuss pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and strategies for management. As a rare, complex disease with high economic costs and potentially devastating outcomes, PAH necessitates that managed care providers balance optimal care with efficient use of healthcare resources. PAH specialists are recognized by health plans as knowledgeable experts and integral partners in managing patients and resources. The diagnosis of PAH must be confirmed by a right heart catheterization...
May 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715861/synthesis-of-less-toxic-gold-nanorods-by-using-dodecylethyldimethylammonium-bromide-as-an-alternative-growth-directing-surfactant
#16
Joshua M Allen, Junpeng Xu, Maria Blahove, Stephanie A Canonico-May, Taylor J Santaloci, Martha E Braselton, John W Stone
Gold nanoparticles having a rod-like morphology are regularly investigated as potential nano-therapeutic materials owing to their interesting optical properties, facile surface modification, tunable aspect ratios, and low cytotoxicity. Gold nanorods are historically prepared starting from HAuCl4 in the presence of ascorbic acid, silver nitrate, and the growth directing surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). While CTAB drives a rod-like morphology, it is known to be cytotoxic. This inherent toxicity is often addressed by removing or masking the native CTAB surfactant present on the nanorod surface...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715480/tales-of-diversity-genomic-and-morphological-characteristics-of-forty-six-arthrobacter-phages
#17
Karen K Klyczek, J Alfred Bonilla, Deborah Jacobs-Sera, Tamarah L Adair, Patricia Afram, Katherine G Allen, Megan L Archambault, Rahat M Aziz, Filippa G Bagnasco, Sarah L Ball, Natalie A Barrett, Robert C Benjamin, Christopher J Blasi, Katherine Borst, Mary A Braun, Haley Broomell, Conner B Brown, Zachary S Brynell, Ashley B Bue, Sydney O Burke, William Casazza, Julia A Cautela, Kevin Chen, Nitish S Chimalakonda, Dylan Chudoff, Jade A Connor, Trevor S Cross, Kyra N Curtis, Jessica A Dahlke, Bethany M Deaton, Sarah J Degroote, Danielle M DeNigris, Katherine C DeRuff, Milan Dolan, David Dunbar, Marisa S Egan, Daniel R Evans, Abby K Fahnestock, Amal Farooq, Garrett Finn, Christopher R Fratus, Bobby L Gaffney, Rebecca A Garlena, Kelly E Garrigan, Bryan C Gibbon, Michael A Goedde, Carlos A Guerrero Bustamante, Melinda Harrison, Megan C Hartwell, Emily L Heckman, Jennifer Huang, Lee E Hughes, Kathryn M Hyduchak, Aswathi E Jacob, Machika Kaku, Allen W Karstens, Margaret A Kenna, Susheel Khetarpal, Rodney A King, Amanda L Kobokovich, Hannah Kolev, Sai A Konde, Elizabeth Kriese, Morgan E Lamey, Carter N Lantz, Jonathan S Lapin, Temiloluwa O Lawson, In Young Lee, Scott M Lee, Julia Y Lee-Soety, Emily M Lehmann, Shawn C London, A Javier Lopez, Kelly C Lynch, Catherine M Mageeney, Tetyana Martynyuk, Kevin J Mathew, Travis N Mavrich, Christopher M McDaniel, Hannah McDonald, C Joel McManus, Jessica E Medrano, Francis E Mele, Jennifer E Menninger, Sierra N Miller, Josephine E Minick, Courtney T Nabua, Caroline K Napoli, Martha Nkangabwa, Elizabeth A Oates, Cassandra T Ott, Sarah K Pellerino, William J Pinamont, Ross T Pirnie, Marie C Pizzorno, Emilee J Plautz, Welkin H Pope, Katelyn M Pruett, Gabbi Rickstrew, Patrick A Rimple, Claire A Rinehart, Kayla M Robinson, Victoria A Rose, Daniel A Russell, Amelia M Schick, Julia Schlossman, Victoria M Schneider, Chloe A Sells, Jeremy W Sieker, Morgan P Silva, Marissa M Silvi, Stephanie E Simon, Amanda K Staples, Isabelle L Steed, Emily L Stowe, Noah A Stueven, Porter T Swartz, Emma A Sweet, Abigail T Sweetman, Corrina Tender, Katrina Terry, Chrystal Thomas, Daniel S Thomas, Allison R Thompson, Lorianna Vanderveen, Rohan Varma, Hannah L Vaught, Quynh D Vo, Zachary T Vonberg, Vassie C Ware, Yasmene M Warrad, Kaitlyn E Wathen, Jonathan L Weinstein, Jacqueline F Wyper, Jakob R Yankauskas, Christine Zhang, Graham F Hatfull
The vast bacteriophage population harbors an immense reservoir of genetic information. Almost 2000 phage genomes have been sequenced from phages infecting hosts in the phylum Actinobacteria, and analysis of these genomes reveals substantial diversity, pervasive mosaicism, and novel mechanisms for phage replication and lysogeny. Here, we describe the isolation and genomic characterization of 46 phages from environmental samples at various geographic locations in the U.S. infecting a single Arthrobacter sp. strain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714990/an-approach-to-suppress-the-evolution-of-resistance-in-braf-v600e-mutant-cancer
#18
Yaohua Xue, Luciano Martelotto, Timour Baslan, Alberto Vides, Martha Solomon, Trang Thi Mai, Neelam Chaudhary, Greg J Riely, Bob T Li, Kerry Scott, Fabiola Cechhi, Ulrika Stierner, Kalyani Chadalavada, Elisa de Stanchina, Sarit Schwartz, Todd Hembrough, Gouri Nanjangud, Michael F Berger, Jonas Nilsson, Scott W Lowe, Jorge S Reis-Filho, Neal Rosen, Piro Lito
The principles that govern the evolution of tumors exposed to targeted therapy are poorly understood. Here we modeled the selection and propagation of an amplification in the BRAF oncogene (BRAF(amp)) in patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDXs) that were treated with a direct inhibitor of the kinase ERK, either alone or in combination with other ERK signaling inhibitors. Single-cell sequencing and multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses mapped the emergence of extra-chromosomal amplification in parallel evolutionary trajectories that arose in the same tumor shortly after treatment...
July 17, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714735/effect-of-yoga-breathing-pranayama-on-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
David A Kaminsky, Kalpalatha K Guntupalli, Joan Lippmann, Stephanie M Burns, Melissa A Brock, Joan Skelly, Michael DeSarno, Heidi Pecott-Grimm, Ali Mohsin, Catherine LaRock-McMahon, Penney Warren, Martha C Whitney, Nicola A Hanania
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, many patients do not have access to pulmonary rehabilitation programs. We hypothesized that an alternative to pulmonary rehabilitation to improve exercise tolerance is the practice of pranayama, or yoga breathing, which could be done independently at home. We also sought to determine whether yoga nonprofessionals could adequately teach pranayama to patients...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714607/new-insights-into-how-serotonin-selective-reuptake-inhibitors-shape-the-developing-brain
#20
REVIEW
Jay A Gingrich, Heli Malm, Mark S Ansorge, Alan Brown, Andre Sourander, Deepika Suri, Cátia M Teixeira, Martha K Caffrey Cagliostro, Darshini Mahadevia, Myrna M Weissman
Development passes through sensitive periods, during which plasticity allows for genetic and environmental factors to exert indelible influence on the maturation of the organism. In the context of central nervous system (CNS) development, such sensitive periods shape the formation of neuro-circuits that mediate, regulate, and control behavior. This general mechanism allows for development to be guided by both the genetic blueprint, as well as the environmental context. While allowing for adaptation, such sensitive periods are also windows of vulnerability during which external and internal factors can confer risk to brain disorders by derailing adaptive developmental programs...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
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