keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Martha

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356450/a-prospective-study-of-fetal-head-growth-autistic-traits-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Laura M E Blanken, Alena Dass, Gail Alvares, Jan van der Ende, Nikita K Schoemaker, Hanan El Marroun, Martha Hickey, Craig Pennell, Scott White, Murray T Maybery, Cheryl Dissanayake, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier, Will McIntosh, Tonya White, Andrew Whitehouse
Altered trajectories of brain growth are often reported in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), particularly during the first year of life. However, less is known about prenatal head growth trajectories, and no study has examined the relation with postnatal autistic symptom severity. The current study prospectively examined the association between fetal head growth and the spectrum of autistic symptom severity in two large population-based cohorts, including a sample of individuals with clinically diagnosed ASD...
January 22, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356422/the-effects-of-potassium-and-muscle-homogenate-on-proprioceptive-responses-in-crayfish-and-crab
#2
Cole Malloy, Viresh Dayaram, Sarah Martha, Brenda Alvarez, Ikenna Chukwudolue, Nadera Dabbain, Dlovan D Mahmood, Slavina Goleva, Tori Hickey, Angel Ho, Molly King, Paige Kington, Matthew Mattingly, Samuel Potter, Landon Simpson, Amanda Spence, Henry Uradu, Jacob Van Doorn, Kristin Weineck, Robin L Cooper
Proprioception of limbs and joints is a basic sensory function throughout most of the animal kingdom. It is important to understand how proprioceptive organs and the associated sensory neurons function with altered environments such as increased potassium ion concentrations ([K+]) from diseased states, ionic imbalances, and damaged tissues. These factors can drastically alter neuronal activity. To assess this matter, we used the chordotonal organ in a walking leg of a blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) and the muscle receptor organ of the crayfish (Procambarus clarkii)...
July 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356176/tools-of-the-trade-improving-nurses-ability-to-access-and-evaluate-research
#3
Martha R Sleutel, John W Bullion, Ronnie Sullivan
AIM: To evaluate the effect of a manager-required RN competency on staff nurses' perceived knowledge, ability and frequency of information-seeking activities. BACKGROUND: Basing clinical practice on research and standards of care is essential to delivering appropriate care with optimal outcomes. Nurses' information-seeking abilities are critical for acquiring evidence-based answers to aid clinical decision-making, yet nurses under-utilize library resources and report barriers...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355960/occupational-radiation-exposure-and-thyroid-cancer-incidence-in-a-cohort-of-u-s-radiologic-technologists-1983-2013
#4
Cari M Kitahara, Dale L Preston, Gila Neta, Mark P Little, Michele M Doody, Steven L Simon, Alice J Sigurdson, Bruce H Alexander, Martha S Linet
Although childhood exposure to ionizing radiation is a well-established risk factor for thyroid cancer, the risk associated with adulthood exposure remains unclear. We prospectively examined the association between cumulative, low-to-moderate dose occupational radiation exposure to the thyroid and thyroid cancer incidence in the U.S. Radiologic Technologists cohort. The study included 89,897 members who completed at least two of four mailed questionnaires and were cancer-free at the time of the first questionnaire...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355792/does-the-application-site-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-alter-spinal-tissues-loading
#5
Martha Funabashi, François Nougarou, Martin Descarreaux, Narasimha Prasad, Gregory N Kawchuk
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Previous studies found that the intervertebral disc (IVD) experiences the greatest loads during spinal manipulation therapy (SMT). PURPOSE: Based on that, this study aimed to determine if loads experienced by spinal tissues are significantly altered when the application site of SMT is changed. STUDY DESIGN: A biomechanical robotic serial dissection study SAMPLE: 13 porcine cadaveric motion segments OUTCOME MEASURES: Forces experienced by lumbar spinal tissues METHODS: A servo-controlled linear actuator provided standardized 300N SMT simulations to 6 different cutaneous locations of the porcine lumbar spine: L2/L3 and L3/L4 facet joints (FJ), L3 and L4 transverse processes (TVP), and the space between the FJs and TVPs (BTW)...
January 17, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355776/rhoa-inactivation-by-s-nitrosylation-regulates-vascular-smooth-muscle-contractive-signaling
#6
Li Lin, Chang Xu, Martha S Carraway, Claude A Piantadosi, A Richard Whorton, Sheng Li
S-nitrosothiols derived from nitric oxide are known to regulate cell signaling through thiol modification. Since small G protein RhoA contains cysteine residues in the GTP-binding domain which is critical for its function, modification these thiols may alter RhoA activity and lead to changes in the downstream signaling such as myosin light chain phosphorylation. However, it is still unclear that if RhoA activity and its downstream signals might be modulated by S-nitrosothiols and if the two cysteine residues located in the GTP-binding domain are critical for the regulation...
January 18, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355718/trivalent-chromium-incorporated-in-a-crystalline-calcium-phosphate-matrix-accelerates-materials-degradation-and-bone-formation-in-vivo
#7
Barbe Rentsch, Anne Bernhardt, Anja Henß, Seemun Ray, Claudia Rentsch, Martha Schamel, Uwe Gbureck, Michael Gelinsky, Stefan Rammelt, Anja Lode
Remodeling of calcium phosphate bone cements is a crucial prerequisite for their application in the treatment of large bone defects. In the present study trivalent chromium ions were incorporated into a brushite forming calcium phosphate cement in two concentrations (10 and 50 mmol/mol β-tricalcium phosphate) and implanted into a femoral defect in rats for 3 and 6 month, non-modified brushite was used as reference. Based on our previous in vitro findings indicating both an enhanced osteoclastic activity and cytocompatibility towards osteoprogenitor cells we hypothesized a higher in vivo remodeling rate of the Cr3+ doped cements compared to the reference...
January 17, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353682/predicting-the-risk-of-recurrent-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Nick van Es, Martha Louzada, Marc Carrier, Vicky Tagalakis, Peter L Gross, Sudeep Shivakumar, Marc A Rodger, Philip S Wells
BACKGROUND: The risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients despite anticoagulant therapy is high. Clinical factors and pro-coagulant markers may identify high-risk patients and guide decisions about intensifying anticoagulation therapy. AIMS: To evaluate whether serial measurements of pro-coagulant markers can identify patients at high risk of recurrent VTE. METHODS: In this multicenter, prospective cohort study, patients with active cancer and acute deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism were enrolled...
January 9, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353652/modeling-of-normal-tissue-complications-using-imaging-and-biomarkers-after-radiation-therapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
Issam El Naqa, Adam Johansson, Dawn Owen, Kyle Cuneo, Yue Cao, Martha Matuszak, Latifa Bazzi, Theodore S Lawrence, Randall K Ten Haken
PURPOSE: To develop normal tissue complications (NTCP) models for hepatocellular cancer (HCC) patients who undergo liver radiation therapy (RT) and to evaluate the potential role of functional imaging and measurement of blood-based circulating biological markers before and during RT to improve the performance of these models. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The data from 192 HCC patients who had undergone RT from 2005 to 2014 were evaluated. Of the 192 patients, 146 had received stereotactic body RT (SBRT) and 46 had received conventional RT to a median physical tumor dose of 49...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352336/who-was-dr-william-c-baum
#10
REVIEW
Mitchell R Ladd, Martha A Zeiger
The first discovery of primary hyperaldosteronism secondary to an aldosterone-secreting adrenal adenoma has been credited solely to Dr. Jerome Conn, an endocrinologist at the University of Michigan and for whom, Conn syndrome was named. Dr. William Baum, a urologist at the University of Michigan, however, was instrumental in the appropriate operation and historical aldosteronoma resection. Despite Dr. Baum's important role in this discovery, he was never included as an author in any of the subsequent papers describing Conn syndrome and, few today would recognize his name...
January 19, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351825/cpap-adherence-and-readmission-marker-of-health-or-cost-effective-tool
#11
Lucas M Donovan, Martha E Billings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351117/associations-of-comorbid-anxiety-with-medication-adherence-and-psychiatric-symptomatology-in-a-population-of-nonadherent-bipolar-disorder-subjects
#12
Awais Aftab, Jennifer Levin, Michelle Aebi, Chetan Bhat, Martha Sajatovic
This analysis was conducted on baseline data from 178 nonadherent bipolar disorder subjects in a randomized controlled trial. Medication adherence was measured with Tablets Routine Questionnaire as percentage of days with missed doses. Inclusion criteria required at least 20% nonadherence. Medication adherence, symptomatology, and functioning in individuals with and without a comorbid anxiety disorder were compared. There were 78.9% of subjects who had at least one or more current anxiety disorder, with the most common being posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350987/wonder-women-a-new-type-of-healthcare-technology-professional
#13
Martha Vockley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350986/overcoming-user-centered-challenges-with-complex-health-technology
#14
Peter A Doyle, Martha Vockley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350059/a-new-curriculum-to-address-dementia-related-stigma-preliminary-experience-with-alzheimer-s-association-staff
#15
Lynn K Herrmann, Nancy Udelson, Cheryl Kanetsky, Hongyan Liu, Kristin Cassidy, Elisabeth Welter, Martha Sajatovic
Objective Develop and test a stigma awareness and education curriculum targeted to non-medical staff of a local Alzheimer's Association chapter. Methods The curriculum, developed in collaboration with leadership and educational staff from the Cleveland Chapter of the Alzheimer's Association, included a definition, types, and domains of stigma; effects of stigma on individuals with dementia and their families; stigma evaluation studies; tips to address the topic of dementia-related stigma with individuals and families...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344933/unexpected-terrestrial-hand-posture-diversity-in-wild-mountain-gorillas
#16
Nathan E Thompson, Kelly R Ostrofsky, Shannon C McFarlin, Martha M Robbins, Tara S Stoinski, Sergio Almécija
OBJECTIVES: Gorillas, along with chimpanzees and bonobos, are ubiquitously described as 'knuckle-walkers.' Consequently, knuckle-walking (KW) has been featured pre-eminently in hypotheses of the pre-bipedal locomotor behavior of hominins and in the evolution of locomotor behavior in apes. However, anecdotal and behavioral accounts suggest that mountain gorillas may utilize a more complex repertoire of hand postures, which could alter current interpretations of African ape locomotion and its role in the emergence of human bipedalism...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341895/prenatal-paracetamol-exposure-and-child-neurodevelopment-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Ann Z Bauer, David Kriebel, Martha R Herbert, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag, Shanna H Swan
BACKGROUND: The non-prescription medication paracetamol (acetaminophen, APAP) is currently recommended as a safe pain and fever treatment during pregnancy. However, recent studies suggest a possible association between APAP use in pregnancy and offspring neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a review of publications reporting associations between prenatal APAP use and offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: Relevant sources were identified through a key word search of multiple databases (Medline, CINAHL, OVID and TOXNET) in September 2016...
January 13, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341120/trajectories-of-infants-biobehavioral-development-timing-and-rate-of-a-not-b-performance-gains-and-eeg-maturation
#18
Leigha A MacNeill, Nilam Ram, Martha Ann Bell, Nathan A Fox, Koraly Pérez-Edgar
This study examined how timing (i.e., relative maturity) and rate (i.e., how quickly infants attain proficiency) of A-not-B performance were related to changes in brain activity from age 6 to 12 months. A-not-B performance and resting EEG (electroencephalography) were measured monthly from age 6 to 12 months in 28 infants and were modeled using logistic and linear growth curve models. Infants with faster performance rates reached performance milestones earlier. Infants with faster rates of increase in A-not-B performance had lower occipital power at 6 months and greater linear increases in occipital power...
January 17, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339768/the-characterization-of-the-circadian-clock-in-the-olive-fly-bactrocera-oleae-diptera-tephritidae-reveals-a-drosophila-like-organization
#19
Enrico Bertolini, Christa Kistenpfennig, Pamela Menegazzi, Alexander Keller, Martha Koukidou, Charlotte Helfrich-Förster
The olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae, is the single most important pest for the majority of olive plantations. Oxitec's self-limiting olive fly technology (OX3097D-Bol) offers an alternative management approach to this insect pest. Because of previously reported asynchrony in the mating time of wild and laboratory strains, we have characterized the olive fly circadian clock applying molecular, evolutionary, anatomical and behavioural approaches. Here we demonstrate that the olive fly clock relies on a Drosophila melanogaster-like organization and that OX3097D-Bol carries a functional clock similar to wild-type strains, confirming its suitability for operational use...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339522/effect-of-beta-agonists-on-lam-progression-and-treatment
#20
Kang Le, Wendy K Steagall, Mario Stylianou, Gustavo Pacheco-Rodriguez, Thomas N Darling, Martha Vaughan, Joel Moss
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), a rare disease of women, is associated with cystic lung destruction resulting from the proliferation of abnormal smooth muscle-like LAM cells with mutations in the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) genes TSC1 and/or TSC2 The mutant genes and encoded proteins are responsible for activation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), which is inhibited by sirolimus (rapamycin), a drug used to treat LAM. Patients who have LAM may also be treated with bronchodilators for asthma-like symptoms due to LAM...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
7214
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"