keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

guidelines review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092317/ideal-site-for-skin-temperature-probe-placement-on-infants-in-the-nicu-a-review-of-literature
#1
Rachel A Joseph, Sarah Derstine, Michaela Killian
BACKGROUND: Maintaining normothermia and prevention of hypothermia are critical determinants of morbidity and mortality in infants. Noninvasive monitoring of skin temperature using skin temperature probes (STPs) has been a practice in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) for decades. Incubators and radiant warmers use feedback mechanisms from the STP readings to determine the heat output to maintain normothermia. Placing the STP on an ideal site on the infant's body is essential for optimum servo control of the temperature...
January 12, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092287/current-and-future-management-of-the-young-child-with-early-onset-wheezing
#2
Allison J Burbank, Stanley J Szefler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we discuss current thinking in relation to available guidelines for the care of preschool-aged children with recurrent wheezing, while highlighting the gaps in our knowledge and discussing changes that could occur over the next 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: The Asthma Predictive Index as well as allergen-specific IgE, peripheral eosinophil count and exhaled nitric oxide are perhaps underutilized sources of information that can assist in predicting progression to asthma and response to therapies...
January 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092285/perioperative-%C3%AE-blockers-in-patients-undergoing-noncardiac-surgery-scientific-misconduct-and-clinical-guidelines
#3
Dhauna Karam, Rohit Arora
BACKGROUND: β-blocker use in perioperative period of noncardiac surgeries has been a topic of debate since many years. Earlier studies conducted in the 90s showed decreased cardiac adverse events and improved postoperative outcomes with β-blocker use. Based on this, the ACCF and ESC published guidelines strongly supporting β-blocker use. But contemporaneous studies conducted revealed conflicting evidence and have also proven some of the earlier studies to be fraudulent. Although ACCF guidelines have been updated to partially reflect the changes, ESC guidelines continue to support β-blocker use...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092282/neonatal-palliative-care
#4
Elvira Parravicini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A significant number of newborns are affected by life-limiting or life-threatening conditions. When prolongation of survival is no longer a goal, or prognosis is uncertain, a plan of care focused on the infant's comfort is essential. The aim of this article is to review the most recent and relevant literature regarding neonatal palliative care (NPC). RECENT FINDINGS: A variety of perinatal and NPC programs are described, but most programs focus exclusively on end-of-life care...
January 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091834/using-twitter-to-assess-the-public-response-to-the-united-states-preventive-services-task-force-guidelines-on-lung-cancer-screening-with-low-dose-chest-ct
#5
Siddharth Khasnavis, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Vinay Prabhu
To use Twitter to assess the immediate public response to the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) 2013 draft guidelines on lung cancer screening with low-dose chest CT (LDCT). The number of tweets including the phrases "lung cancer screening," "lung CT," "chest CT," "low dose computed tomography," "low dose CT," or "LDCT" was recorded for 6 days before and after guidelines release. A systematic sample of 172 tweets from the week following release was coded for user type, tweet opinion, linked article source, and article opinion...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090764/incremental-and-infrequent-hemodialysis-a-new-paradigm-for-both-dialysis-initiation-and-conservative-management
#6
Connie M Rhee, Mehrdad Ghahremani-Ghajar, Yoshitsugu Obi, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
Registry or national dialysis data show that a sizeable proportion of contemporary dialysis patients have substantial levels of residual kidney function especially upon transitioning to dialysis therapy. However, among incident hemodialysis patients, the prevailing paradigm has been to initiate "full-dose" thrice-weekly treatment schedules irrespective of native kidney function in most developed countries. Recognizing the benefits of residual kidney function upon the health and survival of dialysis patients, there has been growing interest in incremental hemodialysis, in which dialysis frequency and dose are tailored according to the degree of patients' residual kidney function...
January 13, 2017: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090477/the-economic-cost-of-implementing-maternal-and-neonatal-death-review-in-a-district-of-bangladesh
#7
Animesh Biswas, Abdul Halim, Fazlur Rahman, Charli Eriksson, Koustuv Dalal
INTRODUCTION: Maternal and neonatal death review (MNDR) introduced in Bangladesh and initially piloted in a district during 2010. MNDR is able to capture each of the maternal, neonatal deaths and stillbirths from the community and government facilities (hospitals). This study aimed to estimate the cost required to implement MNDR in a district of Bangladesh during 2010-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MNDR was implemented in Thakurgaon district in 2010 and later gradually extended until 2015...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090249/multimodality-imaging-for-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-severity-grading-a-methodological-review
#8
REVIEW
Maaike Alkema, Ernest Spitzer, Osama I I Soliman, Christian Loewe
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), defined by an increase in left ventricular mass (LVM), is a common cardiac finding generally caused by an increase in pressure or volume load. Assessing severity of LVH is of great clinical value in terms of prognosis and treatment choices, as LVH severity grades correlate with the risk for presenting cardiovascular events. The three main cardiac parameters for the assessment of LVH are wall thickness, LVM, and LV geometry. Echocardiography, with large availability and low cost, is the technique of choice for their assessment...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089815/do-patients-hospitalized-with-copd-have-airflow-obstruction
#9
Huimin Wu, Robert A Wise, Ann E Medinger
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend the confirmation of a COPD diagnosis with spirometry. ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes are used frequently to identify patients with COPD for administrative purposes. However, coding the diagnosis of COPD does not require spirometric confirmation. The purpose of this study was to determine how often the discharge diagnoses of COPD is supported by spirometric measurements in the VA health system. METHODS: We reviewed records of patients hospitalized for COPD in a VA teaching hospital between 2005 and 2015...
January 13, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089814/prospects-and-problems-for-standardizing-model-validation-in-systems-biology
#10
REVIEW
Fridolin Gross, Miles MacLeod
There are currently no widely shared criteria by which to assess the validity of computational models in systems biology. Here we discuss the feasibility and desirability of implementing validation standards for modeling. Having such a standard would facilitate journal review, interdisciplinary collaboration, model exchange, and be especially relevant for applications close to medical practice. However, even though the production of predictively valid models is considered a central goal, in practice modeling in systems biology employs a variety of model structures and model-building practices...
January 12, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089762/long-terms-results-of-a-trial-of-concurrent-chemotherapy-and-escalating-doses-of-radiation-for-unresectable-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-ncctg-n0028-alliance
#11
Steven E Schild, Shauna L Hillman, Angelina D Tan, Helen J Ross, William L McGinnis, Yolanda A Garces, David L Graham, Alex A Adjei, James R Jett
INTRODUCTION OR HYPOTHESIS: This phase I/II trial was originally designed to determine the maximally tolerated dose(MTD) of thoracic radiotherapy(TRT) as part of a combined modality approach. This report includes the long-term outcome of patients treated on this study. The phase II portion was never completed as RTOG-0617 opened before it was concluded. METHODS: The MTD was defined as 74Gy in 37 fractions in this study. Twenty-five patients with unresectable non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) were treated with 2Gy daily fractions and concurrent weekly carboplatin and paclitaxel...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089635/venetoclax-plus-rituximab-in-relapsed-or-refractory-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-a-phase-1b-study
#12
John F Seymour, Shuo Ma, Danielle M Brander, Michael Y Choi, Jacqueline Barrientos, Matthew S Davids, Mary Ann Anderson, Anne W Beaven, Steven T Rosen, Constantine S Tam, Betty Prine, Suresh K Agarwal, Wijith Munasinghe, Ming Zhu, L Leanne Lash, Monali Desai, Elisa Cerri, Maria Verdugo, Su Young Kim, Rod A Humerickhouse, Gary B Gordon, Thomas J Kipps, Andrew W Roberts
BACKGROUND: Selective BCL2 inhibition with venetoclax has substantial activity in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Combination therapy with rituximab enhanced activity in preclinical models. The aim of this study was to assess the safety, pharmacokinetics, and activity of venetoclax in combination with rituximab. METHODS: Adult patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (according to the 2008 Modified International Workshop on CLL guidelines) or small lymphocytic lymphoma were eligible for this phase 1b, dose-escalation trial...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089610/epidemiology-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-training-in-the-united-states
#13
REVIEW
Peter T Katzmarzyk, I-Min Lee, Corby K Martin, Steven N Blair
The purpose of this review was to provide an overview of the descriptive epidemiology of physical activity (PA) and exercise training in the United States. Overall, there is a low prevalence of meeting the current PA guidelines in all age, sex and race/ethnic groups. Among adults the prevalence of meeting the aerobic component of the guidelines is approximately 51%, whereas the prevalence of meeting both the aerobic and muscle-strengthening guidelines is approximately 23%. Approximately 27% of high school students meet the aerobic component of the pediatric guidelines (60minutes of daily moderate-to-vigorous activity), and the proportion of youth meeting the guidelines decreases with advancing age...
January 12, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089498/anticoagulants-in-ischemia-guided-management-of-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndromes
#14
REVIEW
Martin Mayer
BACKGROUND: The most recent joint guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) on the management of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) are a result of a substantial and considered undertaking, and those involved deserve much recognition for their efforts. However, the handling of anticoagulants seems somewhat inadequate, and this is a highly-relevant matter when managing NSTE-ACS. OBJECTIVE OF THE REVIEW: Among areas of potential uncertainty, emergency medicine professionals might still be left wondering about the particulars of anticoagulant therapy when pursuing ischemia-guided management of NSTE-ACS (that is, managing NSTE-ACS without an intent for early invasive measures, such as coronary angiography and revascularization)...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089415/antimicrobial-stewardship-in-the-federal-bureau-of-prisons-approaches-from-the-national-and-local-levels
#15
Michael J Long, Brian N LaPlant, Justin C McCormick
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of national and local antimicrobial stewardship measures on overall antibiotic prescribing in the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). SETTING: Care was delivered to more than 160,000 inmates in 122 BOP facilities in the United States and Puerto Rico. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Medical centers and health services clinics staffed by in-house medical staff, consultants, and specialists. Staffs include a variety of disciplines, including physicians, pharmacists, dentists, nurses, infection control personnel, therapists, health services administrators, and institution executive staff...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089304/management-of-prostate-cancer-in-elderly-patients-recommendations-of-a-task-force-of-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology
#16
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Gilles Albrand, Silke Gillessen, Simon Hughes, Nicolas Mottet, Stéphane Oudard, Heather Payne, Martine Puts, Gilbert Zulian, Lodovico Balducci, Matti Aapro
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer is the most frequent male cancer. Since the median age of diagnosis is 66 yr, many patients require both geriatric and urologic evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual circumstances including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To update the 2014 International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) guidelines on prostate cancer in men aged >70 yr. The update includes new material on health status evaluation and the treatment of localised, advanced, and castrate-resistant disease...
January 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089260/are-degenerative-rotator-cuff-disorders-a-cause-of-shoulder-pain-comparison-of-prevalence-of-degenerative-rotator-cuff-disease-to-prevalence-of-nontraumatic-shoulder-pain-through-three-systematic-and-critical-reviews
#17
Karl Vincent, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Olivier Gagey
HYPOTHESIS AND BACKGROUND: The role of degeneration is not well understood for rotator cuff pain. If age-related degenerative changes would be the cause of symptoms, degeneration would precede or concur with self-reported pain. We performed 3 systematic literature reviews. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence estimates for rotator cuff partial or complete tears (1) in cadavers and (2) in the general population and (3) to estimate the incidence/prevalence of self-reported nontraumatic shoulder pain in the general population in order to compare their respective age-related profiles...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089200/limitations-of-the-current-standards-of-care-for-treating-gout-and-crystal-deposition-in-the-primary-care-setting-a-review
#18
Robert T Keenan
PURPOSE: This article outlines several important issues regarding the management of patients with gout. The topics discussed include best practices for gout based on the most current guidelines, opportunities for improving gout management, and current and emerging therapies for gout. METHODS: [PubMed and Google Scholar databases] were search for all articles and trials published before 2016, using the key terms [hyperuricemia, gout, tophi, joint erosion, joint damage, treatment guidelines, American College of Rheumatology (ACR), European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR), flare, comorbidity, epidemiology, adherence, serum uric acid (sUA), monosodium urate (MSU), <6 mg/dL, MSU crystal formation, as well as individual drug names and classes of treatments of interest (allopurinol, febuxostat, colchicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs)]...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089081/asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-overlap-syndrome-literature-review-and-contributions-towards-a-portuguese-consensus
#19
D Araújo, E Padrão, M Morais-Almeida, J Cardoso, F Pavão, R B Leite, A C Caldas, A Marques
INTRODUCTION: Phenotypic overlap between the two main chronic airway pulmonary diseases, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), has been the subject of debate for decades, and recently the nomenclature of asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS) was adopted for this condition. The definition of this entity in the literature is, however, very heterogeneous, it is therefore important to define how it applies to Portugal. METHODS: A literature review of ACOS was made in a first phase resulting in the drawing up of a document that was later submitted for discussion among a panel of chronic lung diseases experts, resulting in reflexions about diagnosis, treatment and clinical guidance for ACOS patients...
January 6, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089059/management-of-hospitalized-asthmatic-children-before-transport
#20
Brande Mazzeo, Rami Bzeih, Robert Schultz, Melissa Tavolieri, Alicia Fraser, Sabrina M Heidemann
Asthmatic children are at risk for respiratory failure and should be appropriately treated before transport. The objectives were to find out if the Pediatric Advanced Life Support guidelines for asthma treatment were followed in the emergency department (ED); to determine if additional treatment during transport or within the first 2 hours of admission was needed; and to compare the management of intubated asthmatics by the ED, transport team, and the intensive care unit (ICU) physician. The records for children diagnosed with acute asthma over 7 years who were transported by the intensive care transport team were reviewed...
January 2017: Air Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
72138
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"