keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anterior temporal lobe

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328739/effects-of-a-brief-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-group-intervention-on-baseline-brain-perfusion-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#1
Zrinka Sosic-Vasic, Birgit Abler, Georg Grön, Paul Plener, Joana Straub
A number of neuroimaging studies have identified altered regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) related to major depressive disorder (MDD) in adult samples, particularly in the lateral prefrontal, cingular and temporal regions. In contrast, neuroimaging investigations in adolescents with MDD are rare, although investigating young patients during a significant period of brain maturation might offer valuable insights into the neural mechanisms of MDD. We acquired perfusion images obtained with continuous arterial spin labelling in 21 medication-naive adolescents with MDD before and after a five-session cognitive behavioural group therapy (group CBT)...
March 21, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300650/painful-after-sensations-in-fibromyalgia-are-linked-to-catastrophizing-and-differences-in-brain-response-in-the-medial-temporal-lobe
#2
Kristin L Schreiber, Marco L Loggia, Jieun Kim, Christine M Cahalan, Vitaly Napadow, Robert R Edwards
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex syndrome characterized by chronic widespread pain, hyperalgesia, and other disabling symptoms. While the brain response to experimental pain in FM patients has been the object of intense investigation, the biological underpinnings of painful after-sensations (PAS), and their relation to negative affect have received little attention. In this cross-sectional cohort study, subjects with FM (n=53) and healthy controls (n=17) were assessed for PAS by exposure to a sustained, moderately painful cuff stimulus to the leg, individually calibrated to a target pain intensity of 40/100...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289200/dynamic-neural-architecture-for-social-knowledge-retrieval
#3
Yin Wang, Jessica A Collins, Jessica Koski, Tehila Nugiel, Athanasia Metoki, Ingrid R Olson
Social behavior is often shaped by the rich storehouse of biographical information that we hold for other people. In our daily life, we rapidly and flexibly retrieve a host of biographical details about individuals in our social network, which often guide our decisions as we navigate complex social interactions. Even abstract traits associated with an individual, such as their political affiliation, can cue a rich cascade of person-specific knowledge. Here, we asked whether the anterior temporal lobe (ATL) serves as a hub for a distributed neural circuit that represents person knowledge...
March 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275366/white-matter-correlates-of-auditory-comprehension-outcomes-in-chronic-post-stroke-aphasia
#4
Shihui Xing, Elizabeth H Lacey, Laura M Skipper-Kallal, Jinsheng Zeng, Peter E Turkeltaub
Neuroimaging studies have shown that speech comprehension involves a number of widely distributed regions within the frontal and temporal lobes. We aimed to examine the differential contributions of white matter connectivity to auditory word and sentence comprehension in chronic post-stroke aphasia. Structural and diffusion MRI data were acquired on 40 patients with chronic post-stroke aphasia. A battery of auditory word and sentence comprehension tests were administered to all the patients. Tract-based spatial statistics were used to identify areas in which white matter integrity related to specific comprehension deficits...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269179/projected-current-density-comparison-in-tdcs-block-and-smooth-fe-modeling
#5
Aprinda Indahlastari, Munish Chauhan, Rosalind J Sadleir
Current density distribution and projected current density calculation following transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) forward model in a human head were compared between two modeling pipelines: block and smooth. Block model was directly constructed from MRI voxel resolution and simulated in C. Smooth models underwent a boundary smoothing process by applying recursive Gaussian filters and simulated in COMSOL. Three smoothing levels were added to determine their effects on current density distribution compared to block models...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257930/regional-homogeneity-resting-state-functional-connectivity-and-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuation-associated-with-creativity-measured-by-divergent-thinking-in-a-sex-specific-manner
#6
Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Rui Nouchi, Ryoichi Yokoyama, Yuka Kotozaki, Seishu Nakagawa, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Kunio Iizuka, Yuki Yamamoto, Sugiko Hanawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Carlos Makoto Miyauchi, Takamitsu Shinada, Kohei Sakaki, Takayuki Nozawa, Shigeyuki Ikeda, Susumu Yokota, Magistro Daniele, Yuko Sassa, Ryuta Kawashima
Brain connectivity is traditionally thought to be important for creativity. Here we investigated the associations of creativity measured by divergent thinking (CMDT) with resting-state functional magnetic imaging (fMRI) measures and their sex differences. We examined these relationships in the brains of 1277 healthy young adults. Whole-brain analyses revealed a significant interaction between verbal CMDT and sex on (a) regional homogeneity within an area from the left anterior temporal lobe (b) on the resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) between the mPFC and the left inferior frontal gyrus and (c) on fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuations (fALFF) in several distinct areas, including the precuneus and middle cingulate gyrus, left middle temporal gyrus, right middle frontal gyrus, and cerebellum...
February 28, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254535/keyhole-approach-for-clipping-intracranial-aneurysm-comparison-of-supraorbital-and-pterional-keyhole-approach
#7
Qing Lan, Hengzhu Zhang, Qing Zhu, Ailin Chen, Yanming Chen, Liang Xu, Zhongyong Wang, Liqun Yuan, Shihai Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to compare the functional outcome and safety between supraorbital keyhole approach (SKA) and pterional keyhole approach (PKA) for clipping intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: This is a retrospective study involving 318 patients with a total 365 aneurysms who underwent keyhole surgery, comprising 195 cases in SKA group and 123 cases in PKA group. The outcome measures include Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), complete clipping rate, adverse events incidence, operation view angle, working distance, and surgical incision condition...
February 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244174/damage-to-right-medial-temporal-structures-disrupts-the-capacity-for-scene-construction-a-case-study
#8
Muireann Irish, Annu Mothakunnel, Nadene Dermody, Nikki-Anne Wilson, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet
The medial temporal lobes (MTL) are widely held to support a range of constructive endeavors including remembering the past, envisaging the future, and imagining hypothetical scenarios. While right MTL structures have been ascribed a prominent role in the construction of spatial contexts, lesion evidence to directly test this hypothesis is lacking. To this end, we assessed scene construction performance in two cases, GC and DF, who presented with left- and right-lateralized presentations of semantic dementia, respectively...
February 28, 2017: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239791/mri-study-for-the-features-of-brain-conduction-pathways-in-patients-with-an-ultra-high-risk-of-endogenous-psychoses
#9
A S Tomyshev, I S Lebedeva, T A Akhadov, M A Omel'chenko, M V Ublinskii, N A Semenova, V G Kaleda
Diffusion parameters of brain tracts (n=18) were studied in 27 men with ultra-high risk of endogenous attack-like psychoses and 27 mentally healthy men of the same age group (fractional anisotropy; and average, radial, and axial diffusion). Correlation analysis was performed between these parameters and severity of mental disorders (SOPS scale). The indexes of radial diffusion and axial diffusion were shown to change in the left anterior thalamic radiation and right posterior cingulum bundle, respectively. Our results are consistent with published data that disturbances in the frontal and temporal lobes play an important role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236762/relational-vs-attributive-interpretation-of-nominal-compounds-differentially-engages-angular-gyrus-and-anterior-temporal-lobe
#10
Christine Boylan, John C Trueswell, Sharon L Thompson-Schill
The angular gyrus (AG) and anterior temporal lobe (ATL) have been found to respond to a number of tasks involving combinatorial processing. In this study, we investigate the conceptual combination of nominal compounds, and ask whether ATL/AG activity is modulated by the type of combinatorial operation applied to a nominal compound. We compare relational and attributive interpretations of nominal compounds and find that ATL and AG both discriminate these two types, but in distinct ways. While right AG demonstrated greater positive task-responsive activity for relational compounds, there was a greater negative deflection in the BOLD response in left AG for relational compounds...
February 22, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236751/perirhinal-cortex-tracks-degree-of-recent-as-well-as-cumulative-lifetime-experience-with-object-concepts
#11
Devin Duke, Chris B Martin, Ben Bowles, Ken McRae, Stefan Köhler
Evidence from numerous sources indicates that recognition of the prior occurrence of objects requires computations of perirhinal cortex (PrC) in the medial temporal lobe. Extant research has primarily probed recognition memory based on item exposure in a recent experimental study episode. Outside the laboratory, however, familiarity for objects typically accrues gradually with learning across many different episodic contexts, which can be distributed over a lifetime of experience. It is currently unknown whether PrC also tracks this cumulative lifetime experience with object concepts...
January 31, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227409/projected-current-density-comparison-in-tdcs-block-and-smooth-fe-modeling
#12
Aprinda Indahlastari, Munish Chauhan, Rosalind J Sadleir, Aprinda Indahlastari, Munish Chauhan, Rosalind J Sadleir, Aprinda Indahlastari, Munish Chauhan, Rosalind J Sadleir
Current density distribution and projected current density calculation following transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) forward model in a human head were compared between two modeling pipelines: block and smooth. Block model was directly constructed from MRI voxel resolution and simulated in C. Smooth models underwent a boundary smoothing process by applying recursive Gaussian filters and simulated in COMSOL. Three smoothing levels were added to determine their effects on current density distribution compared to block models...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223812/resting-state-functional-connectivity-changes-within-the-default-mode-network-and-the-salience-network-after-antipsychotic-treatment-in-early-phase-schizophrenia
#13
Yingchan Wang, Weijun Tang, Xiaoduo Fan, Jianye Zhang, Daoying Geng, Kaida Jiang, Dianming Zhu, Zhenhua Song, Zeping Xiao, Dengtang Liu
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal resting-state functional connectivity (FC), particularly in the default mode network (DMN) and the salience network (SN), has been reported in schizophrenia, but little is known about the effects of antipsychotics on these networks. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of atypical antipsychotics on DMN and SN and the relationship between these effects and symptom improvement in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 33 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and treated with antipsychotics at Shanghai Mental Health Center...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222686/ipsiversive-ictal-eye-deviation-in-inferioposterior-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-two-seeg-cases-report
#14
Wei Zhang, Xingzhou Liu, Lijun Zuo, Qiang Guo, Qi Chen, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND: Versive seizure characterized by conjugate eye movement during epileptic seizure has been considered commonly as one of the most valuable semiological signs for epilepsy localization, especially for frontal lobe epilepsy. However, thelateralizing and localizing significance of ictaleye deviation has been questioned by clinical observation of a series of focal epilepsy studies, including frontal, central, temporal, parietal and occipital epilepsy. CASE PRESENTATION: Two epileptic cases characterized by ipsiversive eye deviation as initial clinical sign during the habitual epileptic seizures are presented in this paper...
February 21, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209314/connection-between-bilateral-temporal-regions-tractography-using-human-connectome-data-and-diffusion-spectrum-imaging
#15
Peng-Hu Wei, Zhi-Qi Mao, Fei Cong, Bo Wang, Zhi-Pei Ling, Shu-Li Liang, Xin-Guang Yu
Temporal lobe epilepsy often propagates inter-hemispherically. Although the pathway of the propagation was verified by electrophysiology, the trajectory remains poorly defined. DTI can depict fiber trajectory but it has limited angular resolution and cannot adequately assess cortical regions. We visualized potential pathways of bitemporal epilepsy propagation using diffusion spectrum imaging (DSI) with data consisting of 8 groups of 514 directions and diffusion templates of 842 subjects from the human connectome project (HCP)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185963/increased-network-centrality-as-markers-of-relapse-risk-in-nicotine-dependent-individuals-treated-with-varenicline
#16
Zhujing Shen, Peiyu Huang, Chao Wang, Wei Qian, Yihong Yang, Minming Zhang
Identifying smokers at high risk of relapse could improve the effectiveness of cessation therapies. Although altered regional brain function in smokers has been reported, whether the whole-brain functional organization differs smokers with relapse vulnerability from others remains unclear. Thus, the goal of this study is to investigate the baseline functional connectivity differences between relapsers and quitters. Using resting-state fMRI, we acquired images from 57 smokers prior to quitting attempts. After 12-week treatment with varenicline, smokers were divided into relapsers (n=36) and quitters (n=21) (quitter: continuously abstinent for weeks 9-12)...
April 3, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180076/face-name-association-task-reveals-memory-networks-in-patients-with-left-and-right-hippocampal-sclerosis
#17
Silke Klamer, Monika Milian, Michael Erb, Sabine Rona, Holger Lerche, Thomas Ethofer
We aimed to identify reorganization processes of episodic memory networks in patients with left and right temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) due to hippocampal sclerosis as well as their relations to neuropsychological memory performance. We investigated 28 healthy subjects, 12 patients with left TLE (LTLE) and 9 patients with right TLE (RTLE) with hippocampal sclerosis by means of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) using a face-name association task, which combines verbal and non-verbal memory functions...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170003/brain-volumetric-and-metabolic-correlates-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-treatment-resistant-depression-a-longitudinal-neuroimaging-study
#18
M Cano, I Martínez-Zalacaín, Á Bernabéu-Sanz, O Contreras-Rodríguez, R Hernández-Ribas, E Via, A de Arriba-Arnau, V Gálvez, M Urretavizcaya, J Pujol, J M Menchón, N Cardoner, C Soriano-Mas
Recent research suggests that neuroplastic and neuroinflammatory changes may account for the mode of action of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), although extant data do not allow for a clear disambiguation between these two hypotheses. Multimodal neuroimaging approaches (for example, combining structural and metabolic information) may help in clarifying this issue. Here we aimed to assess longitudinal changes in (i) regional gray matter (GM) volumes and (ii) hippocampal metabolite concentrations throughout an acute course of bitemporal ECT, as well as (iii) to determine the association between imaging changes and clinical improvement...
February 7, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159617/a-brief-comparative-review-of-primate-posterior-parietal-cortex-a-novel-hypothesis-on-the-human-toolmaker
#19
S Kastner, Q Chen, S K Jeong, R E B Mruczek
The primate visual system contains two major cortical pathways: a ventral-temporal pathway that has been associated with object processing and recognition, and a dorsal-parietal pathway that has been associated with spatial processing and action guidance. Our understanding of the role of the dorsal pathway, in particular, has greatly evolved within the framework of the two-pathway hypothesis since its original conception. Here, we present a comparative review of the primate dorsal pathway in humans and monkeys based on electrophysiological, neuroimaging, neuropsychological, and neuroanatomical studies...
January 31, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139957/differential-effects-of-encoding-instructions-on-brain-activity-patterns-of-item-and-associative-memory
#20
Nina Becker, Grégoria Kalpouzos, Jonas Persson, Erika J Laukka, Yvonne Brehmer
Evidence from neuroimaging studies suggests a critical role of hippocampus and inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) in associative relative to item encoding. Here, we investigated similarities and differences in functional brain correlates for associative and item memory as a function of encoding instruction. Participants received either incidental (animacy judgments) or intentional encoding instructions while fMRI was employed during the encoding of associations and items. In a subsequent recognition task, memory performance of participants receiving intentional encoding instructions was higher compared with those receiving incidental encoding instructions...
March 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
72137
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"