Read by QxMD icon Read


Hanin Karawani, Kimberly A Jenkins, Samira Anderson
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with age-related hearing loss (ARHL) can restore some loss of the auditory function with the use of hearing aids (HAs). However, what remains unknown are the physiological mechanisms that underlie how the brain changes with exposure to amplified sounds though the use of HAs. We aimed to examine behavioral and physiological changes induced by HAs. METHODS: Thirty-five older-adults with moderate ARHL with no history of hearing aid use were fit with HAs tested in aided and unaided conditions, and divided into experimental and control groups...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Curtis J Billings, Brandon M Madsen
Understanding speech in background noise is often more difficult for individuals who are older and have hearing impairment than for younger, normal-hearing individuals. In fact, speech-understanding abilities among older individuals with hearing impairment varies greatly. Researchers have hypothesized that some of that variability can be explained by how the brain encodes speech signals in the presence of noise, and that brain measures may be useful for predicting behavioral performance in difficult-to-test patients...
March 31, 2018: Hearing Research
Tim Jürgens, Volker Hohmann, Andreas Büchner, Waldo Nogueira
The relation of the individual speech-in-noise performance differences in cochlear implant (CI) users to underlying physiological factors is currently poorly understood. This study approached this research question by a step-wise individualization of a computer model of speech intelligibility mimicking the details of CI signal processing and some details of the physiology present in CI users. Two factors, the electrical field spatial spread and internal noise (as a coarse model of the individual cognitive performance) were incorporated...
2018: PloS One
Fabrice Giraudet, Perrine Charles, Thierry Mom, Odile Boespflug-Tanguy, Alexandra Dürr, Paul Deltenre, Paul Avan
OBJECTIVES: In patients with Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), mitochondrial failure leads to impaired cellular energetics. Since many FRDA patients have impaired hearing in noise, we investigated the objective consequences on standard auditory brainstem-evoked responses (ABRs). METHODS: In 37 FRDA patients, among whom 34 with abnormal standard ABRs, hearing sensitivity, speech-in-noise intelligibility and otoacoustic emissions were controlled. ABR recordings were split into four consecutive segments of the total time frame used for data collection, thus allowing the dynamics of ABR averaging to be observed...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
F Ji, Q Wang, A T Chen, M D Hong, J N Li, H Zhao, S M Yang
Objectives: To study an effects on hearing ability and speech performance of the patients with auditory neuropathy (AN) after cochlear implantation (CI). Methods: Thirty-five AN patients (26 males and 9 females) after CI in our center since 2007 were chosen, including 5 postlingual patients (implanted age from 14.3 to 38.6 years old) and 30 prelingual patients (implanted age from 1.1 to 13.7 years old). Hearing sensitivity and speech performance were estimated via following methods: (1) implanted hearing thresholds by sound field audiometry; (2) speech audiometry, including monosyllable, disyllable and sentences recognition test by computer-controlled software and sentence recognition test under noise condition (signal to noise ratio=+ 10dB); (3) Mandarin Early Speech Perception test (MESP), Mandarin Pediatric Speech Intelligibility test (MPSI), MAIS, or IT-MAIS for prelingual AN implantees...
March 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Marieke Pronk, Dorly J H Deeg, Sophia E Kramer
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine which demographic, health-related, mood, personality, or social factors predict discrepancies between older adults' functional speech-in-noise test result and their self-reported hearing problems. Method: Data of 1,061 respondents from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were used (ages ranged from 57 to 95 years). Functional hearing problems were measured using a digit triplet speech-in-noise test. Five questions were used to assess self-reported hearing problems...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Yingjiu Nie, John J Galvin, Michael Morikawa, Victoria André, Harley Wheeler, Qian-Jie Fu
This study examined music and speech perception in normal-hearing children with some or no musical training. Thirty children (mean age = 11.3 years), 15 with and 15 without formal music training participated in the study. Music perception was measured using a melodic contour identification (MCI) task; stimuli were a piano sample or sung speech with a fixed timbre (same word for each note) or a mixed timbre (different words for each note). Speech perception was measured in quiet and in steady noise using a matrix-styled sentence recognition task; stimuli were naturally intonated speech or sung speech with a fixed pitch (same note for each word) or a mixed pitch (different notes for each word)...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
Emily Buss, Lori J Leibold, Christian Lorenzi
The present study set out to test whether greater susceptibility to modulation masking could be responsible for immature recognition of speech in noise for school-age children. Listeners were normal-hearing four- to ten-year-olds and adults. Target sentences were filtered into 28 adjacent narrow bands (100-7800 Hz), and the masker was either spectrally matched noise bands or tones centered on each of the speech bands. In experiment 1, odd- and even-numbered bands of target-plus-masker were presented to opposite ears...
March 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Guangting Mai, Jyrki Tuomainen, Peter Howell
Speech-in-noise (SPIN) perception involves neural encoding of temporal acoustic cues. Cues include temporal fine structure (TFS) and envelopes that modulate at syllable (Slow-rate ENV) and fundamental frequency (F0 -rate ENV) rates. Here the relationship between speech-evoked neural responses to these cues and SPIN perception was investigated in older adults. Theta-band phase-locking values (PLVs) that reflect cortical sensitivity to Slow-rate ENV and peripheral/brainstem frequency-following responses phase-locked to F0 -rate ENV (FFRENV_ F 0 ) and TFS (FFRTFS ) were measured from scalp-electroencephalography responses to a repeated speech syllable in steady-state speech-shaped noise (SpN) and 16-speaker babble noise (BbN)...
March 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Giulia Borghini, Valerie Hazan
Current evidence demonstrates that even though some non-native listeners can achieve native-like performance for speech perception tasks in quiet, the presence of a background noise is much more detrimental to speech intelligibility for non-native compared to native listeners. Even when performance is equated across groups, it is likely that greater listening effort is required for non-native listeners. Importantly, the added listening effort might result in increased fatigue and a reduced ability to successfully perform multiple tasks simultaneously...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Sandeep A Phatak, Benjamin M Sheffield, Douglas S Brungart, Ken W Grant
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the speech-in-noise performance of listeners with different levels of hearing loss in a variety of complex listening environments. DESIGN: The quick speech-in-noise (QuickSIN)-based test battery was used to measure the speech recognition performance of listeners with different levels of hearing loss. Subjective estimates of speech reception thresholds (SRTs) corresponding to 100% and 0% speech intelligibility, respectively, were obtained using a method of adjustment before objective measurement of the actual SRT corresponding to 50% speech intelligibility in every listening condition...
March 21, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Sam Denys, Michael Hofmann, Heleen Luts, Cécile Guérin, Ann Keymeulen, Katelijne Van Hoeck, Astrid van Wieringen, Karel Hoppenbrouwers, Jan Wouters
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the large-scale applicability of the Digit Triplet test (DTT) for school-age hearing screening in fifth grade elementary (5E) (9 to 12 years old) and third grade secondary (3S) (13 to 16 years old) school children. The reliability of the test is investigated as well as whether pass/fail criteria need to be corrected for training and/or age, and whether these criteria have to be refined with respect to referral rates and pure-tone audiometry results...
March 19, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Benjamin Dieudonné, Tom Francart
Many hearing-impaired listeners struggle to localize sounds due to poor availability of binaural cues. Listeners with a cochlear implant and a contralateral hearing aid - so-called bimodal listeners - are amongst the worst performers, as both interaural time and level differences are poorly transmitted. We present a new method to enhance head shadow in the low frequencies. Head shadow enhancement is achieved with a fixed beamformer with contralateral attenuation in each ear. The method results in interaural level differences which vary monotonically with angle...
March 12, 2018: Hearing Research
Claude Alain, Yi Du, Lori J Bernstein, Thijs Barten, Karen Banai
The brain networks supporting speech identification and comprehension under difficult listening conditions are not well specified. The networks hypothesized to underlie effortful listening include regions responsible for executive control. We conducted meta-analyses of auditory neuroimaging studies to determine whether a common activation pattern of the frontal lobe supports effortful listening under different speech manipulations. Fifty-three functional neuroimaging studies investigating speech perception were divided into three independent Activation Likelihood Estimate analyses based on the type of speech manipulation paradigm used: Speech-in-noise (SIN, 16 studies, involving 224 participants); spectrally degraded speech using filtering techniques (15 studies involving 270 participants); and linguistic complexity (i...
March 13, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
Elaine C Thompson, Jennifer Krizman, Travis White-Schwoch, Trent Nicol, Cynthia R LaBella, Nina Kraus
OBJECTIVE: Concussions can result in auditory processing deficits even in the absence of hearing loss. In children and adolescents, the extent to which these impairments have functional consequences for everyday listening, such as the ability to understand speech in noisy environments, is unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN: Case-control study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty youth comprised the participants: 20 had sustained a concussion and were recovering from their injury, and 20 controls had sustained non-concussive orthopaedic (e...
March 8, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Gabrielle Miller, Barbara Lewis, Penelope Benchek, Emily Buss, Lauren Calandruccio
Purpose: The relationship between reading (decoding) skills, phonological processing abilities, and masked speech recognition in typically developing children was explored. This experiment was designed to evaluate the relationship between phonological processing and decoding abilities and 2 aspects of masked speech recognition in typically developing children: (a) the ability to benefit from temporal and spectral modulations within a noise masker and (b) the masking exerted by a speech masker...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Jeyanthi Kulasegarah, Helen Burgess, Michel Neeff, Colin R S Brown
INTRODUCTION: To compare the audiological results of Bone Conduction Hearing Aid (BCHA) on hard test band and Bonebridge (BB) implant among children with microtia and atresia. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with microtia and atresia who underwent BB implant insertion from September 2014 to February 2017 in Starship Children's Hospital. Preoperative audiological testing using a powered BCHA (Oticon Medical Ponto Pro Power) on a hard test band was used to compare post-operative hearing assessments with the BB...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Ifat Yasin, Fangqi Liu, Vit Drga, Andreas Demosthenous, Ray Meddis
The human auditory efferent system may play a role in improving speech-in-noise recognition with an associated range of time constants. Computational auditory models with efferent-inspired feedback demonstrate improved speech-in-noise recognition with long efferent time constants (2000 ms). This study used a similar model plus an Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) system to investigate the role of shorter time constants. ASR speech recognition in noise improved with efferent feedback (compared to no-efferent feedback) for both short and long efferent time constants...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Hans Rutger Bosker, Martin Cooke
Speakers adjust their voice when talking in noise (known as Lombard speech), facilitating speech comprehension. Recent neurobiological models of speech perception emphasize the role of amplitude modulations in speech-in-noise comprehension, helping neural oscillators to "track" the attended speech. This study tested whether talkers produce more pronounced amplitude modulations in noise. Across four different corpora, modulation spectra showed greater power in amplitude modulations below 4 Hz in Lombard speech compared to matching plain speech...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Angeline Seeto, Grant D Searchfield
BACKGROUND: Advances in digital signal processing have made it possible to provide a wide-band frequency response with smooth, precise spectral shaping. Several manufacturers have introduced hearing aids that are claimed to provide gain for frequencies up to 10-12 kHz. However, there is currently limited evidence and very few independent studies evaluating the performance of the extended bandwidth hearing aids that have recently become available. PURPOSE: This study investigated an extended bandwidth hearing aid using measures of speech intelligibility and sound quality to find out whether there was a significant benefit of extended bandwidth amplification over standard amplification...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"