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cell studies

Thomas Parker Vail
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Matthew T Houdek, Cody C Wyles, Mark S Collins, Benjamin M Howe, Andre Terzic, Atta Behfar, Rafael J Sierra
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials have shown the benefits of injecting bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BmMSCs) after standard hip decompression in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head. However, the combination of BmMSCs and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injected into the femoral head after decompression has not been reported previously. This study reports the results in a preliminary series of patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head treated with BmMSCs plus PRP...
February 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Andrew J Jacobs, Carol D Morris, Adam S Levin
BACKGROUND: Reported rates of the incidence of lymph node metastasis in soft tissue sarcoma vary considerably. Many are based on single-institution series and small patient populations. Certain sarcoma subtypes, including synovial sarcoma, have been associated with a higher risk of lymph node involvement. Most single centers have insufficient numbers of patients to assess lymph node metastasis accurately, but larger national databases may allow a more accurate estimation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We queried a large national database and asked the following questions: (1) What proportion of patients with soft tissue sarcoma have lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis? (2) What histologic subtypes are associated with increased risk of nodal metastasis? (3) What is the impact of lymph node metastases and histologic subtype on survival? (4) Does lymph node excision improve survival of patients with soft tissue sarcoma? METHODS: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a national database that covers a geographic cross-section representing approximately 28% of the US population across demographic groups...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Edward W Jernigan, Joshua N Tennant, Robert J Esther
BACKGROUND: Preoperative transarterial embolization has been utilized in the surgical treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma of the femur to decrease perioperative blood loss. However, few studies have documented its efficacy in decreasing the proportion of patients receiving transfusions in the setting of prophylactic treatment of impending pathologic femur fractures. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In a population of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma of the femur who underwent prophylactic fixation, the purpose of this study was to quantify and compare the proportion of patients who received at least one transfused unit of blood between a group treated with preoperative embolization and a group without preoperative embolization...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Yidan Zhang, Wei Guo, Xiaodong Tang, Rongli Yang, Taiqiang Yan, Sen Dong, Shidong Wang, Nikolas Zaphiros
BACKGROUND: Although aortic balloon occlusion has been shown to reduce blood loss during sacral tumor resections, it has not been validated in larger sacral tumors involving the lower lumbar spine. If such an approach were shown to be associated with less blood loss, it might aid the tumor surgeon in resecting these difficult tumors. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is the use of aortic balloon occlusion associated with reduced blood loss in sacral tumor resections when the lower lumbar spine is also involved? (2) Does the use of the aortic balloon prolong total operating time? (3) What complications are associated with the use of a balloon? METHODS: We retrospectively studied all 56 patients diagnosed with sacral tumors involving the lower lumbar spine (L4, L5) who were treated surgically between 2004 and 2015 at our institute...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Lin Li, Meilin He, Hang Xiao, Xiaoqian Liu, Kai Wang, Yuanshu Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acetic acid (AcOH), a short-chain fatty acid, is reported to have some beneficial effects on metabolism. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory mechanism of acetic acid on hepatic lipid metabolism in BRL-3A cells. METHODS: We cultured and treated BRL-3A cells with different concentrations of sodium acetate (neutralized acetic acid) and BML-275 (an AMPKα inhibitor). The total lipid droplet area was measured by oil red O staining, and the triglyceride content was determined by a triglyceride detection kit...
March 6, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Ning Wang, Yanan Zhu, Min Xie, Lintao Wang, Feiyan Jin, Yihui Li, Qingxin Yuan, Wei De
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The main pathogenic mechanism of diabetes is a decrease in the number of islet beta cells or a decline in their function. Recent studies have shown that pancreatic long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have a high degree of tissue specificity and may be involved in the maintenance of islet cells function and the development of diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular regulatory mechanism of mouse maternal expressed gene 3 (Meg3) in insulin biosynthesis in pancreatic islets...
March 6, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Ye-Fen Lu, Xue-Li Cai, Zheng-Zheng Li, Jing Lv, Yi-An Xiang, Jian-Jun Chen, Wei-Jing Chen, Wei-Yan Sun, Xiu-Mei Liu, Jian-Bo Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as novel and potentially promising therapeutic targets in various cancers. However, the expression pattern and biological function of lncRNAs in glioma remain largely elusive. In the present study, we investigated the functional role of an lncRNA, small nucleolar RNA host gene 16 (SNHG16), in glioma. METHODS: The expression levels of SNHG16 and miR-4518 were measured using qRT-PCR. The relationship between the levels of SNHG16 and clinicopathologic features were statically analyzed...
March 6, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Edson Baltazar Estrada-Arriaga, Jesús Hernández-Romano, Liliana García-Sánchez, Rosa Angélica Guillén Garcés, Erick Obed Bahena-Bahena, Oscar Guadarrama-Pérez, Gabriela Eleonora Moeller Chavez
In this study, a continuous flow stack consisting of 40 individual air-cathode MFC units was used to determine the performance of stacked MFC during domestic wastewater treatment operated with unconnected individual MFC and in series and parallel configuration. The voltages obtained from individual MFC units were of 0.08-1.1 V at open circuit voltage, while in series connection, the maximum power and current density were 2500 mW/m2 and 500 mA/m2 (4.9 V), respectively. In parallel connection, the maximum power and current density was 5...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Giacomo Russo, Antonella Capuozzo, Francesco Barbato, Carlo Irace, Rita Santamaria, Lucia Grumetto
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used in numerous industrial applications. Due to its well ascertained toxicity as endocrine disruptor, industries have started to replace it with other bisphenols whose alleged greater safety is scarcely supported by literature studies. In this study, the toxicity of seven BPA analogues was evaluated using both in silico and in vitro techniques, as compared to BPA toxicity. Furthermore, their affinity indexes for phospholipids (i.e. phospholipophilicity) were determined by immobilized artificial membrane liquid chromatography (IAM-LC) and possible relationships with in vitro toxic activity were also investigated...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Y Valcárcel, A Valdehíta, E Becerra, M López de Alda, A Gil, M Gorga, M Petrovic, D Barceló, J M Navas
Endocrine disruptors (EDs) are natural or man-made chemicals that can affect the health of organisms by interfering with their normal hormonal functions. Many of these substances can cause their effects at very low doses and, considering the key role played by the endocrine system on development, organisms in early phases of growth (foetal, childhood, puberty) are especially sensitive to the action of EDs. In addition, when combined, they can show additive, antagonistic and synergistic activities. Taking all this into account it is essential to determine the presence of this kind of compounds in drinking water...
February 22, 2018: Chemosphere
Attila Németh, Ingrid Grummt
The nucleolus is the largest nuclear sub-compartment in which the early steps of ribosome biogenesis take place. It also plays an essential role in the assembly and function of non-ribosomal ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes, controls cell cycle progression and senses environmental stress. The spatial organization and dynamics of nucleolar proteins and RNA is regulated at different structural levels, which finally determine nucleolar architecture. The intimate link between nucleolar structure and function is reflected by transcription-dependent changes in nucleolus-associated chromatin, overall morphological alterations in response to external cues, and the liquid droplet-like behavior of nucleolar compartments...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
M Radek, J-G Tenberge, S Hilke, G Wilde, M Peterlechner
Electron microscopy images are interference patterns and can generally not be interpreted in a straight forward manner. Typically, time consuming numerical simulations have to be employed to separate specimen features from imaging artifacts. Directly comparing numerical predictions to experimental results, realistic simulation box sizes and varying imaging parameters are needed. In this work, we introduce an accelerated multislice algorithm, named STEMcl, that is capable of simulating series of large super cells typical for defective and amorphous systems, in addition to parameter series using the massive parallelization accessible in today's commercial PC-hardware, e...
February 16, 2018: Ultramicroscopy
Shin Saito, Chao Yan, Hisashi Fukuda, Yoshinori Hosoya, Shiro Matsumoto, Daisuke Matsubara, Joji Kitayama, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Naohiro Sata
INTRODUCTION: Gastric leiomyomas are benign mesenchymal tumors, comprising about 2.5% of gastric neoplasms, which can be difficult to differentiate from gastrointestinal stromal tumors which have malignant potential. Granular cell tumors in the abdominal wall are also rare. Since mesenchymal tumors are difficult to diagnose by imaging, further studies are needed to establish the diagnosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60-year-old asymptomatic woman underwent routine upper endoscopy and was found to have a gastric submucosal lesion...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Chrysoula Vraka, Monika Dumanic, Teresa Racz, Florian Pichler, Cecile Philippe, Theresa Balber, Eva-Maria Klebermass, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Marcus Hacker, Wolfgang Wadsak, Markus Mitterhauser
In drug development, biomarkers for cerebral applications have a lower success rate compared to cardiovascular drugs or tumor therapeutics. One reason is the missing blood brain barrier penetration, caused by the tracer's interaction with efflux transporters such as the P-gp (MDR1 or ABCB1). Aim of this study was the development of a reliable model to measure the interaction of radiotracers with the human efflux transporter P-gp in parallel to the radiolabeling process. LigandTracer® Technology was used with the wildtype cell line MDCKII and the equivalent cell line overexpressing human P-gp (MDCKII-hMDR1)...
February 14, 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Toby Spribille
The term symbiosis was first used in biology to describe the 'living together' of fungi and algae in lichens. For much of the 20th century, the fungal partner was assumed to be invested with the ability to produce the lichen body plan in presence of a photosynthesizing partner. However, studies of fungal evolution have uncovered discordance between lichen symbiotic outcomes and genome evolution of the fungus. At the same time, evidence has emerged that the structurally important lichen cortex contains lichen-specific, single-celled microbes, suggesting it may function like a biofilm...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Nihui Zhang, Ruijuan Yao, Jianglong Guo, Jing He, Guolong Meng, Fang Wu
Chitosan as a natural cationic polysaccharide has drawn wide interests as surface modification materials in orthopedic applications, with the potential to achieve combined osteogenic, antimicrobial and haemostatic functions. The cationicity of chitosan has been reported to play an important role in modifying the osteoblastic cell responses and the antibacterial activities, while its effect on the haemostatic properties has been rarely studied. To this aim, we prepared carboxymethyl chitosan hydrogels with different cationicity through crosslinking with different concentrations of genipin (1%, 2...
February 25, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Smriti Srivastava, Devla Bimal, Kapil Bohra, Balram Singh, Prija Ponnan, Ruchi Jain, Mandira Varma-Basil, Jyotirmoy Maity, M Thirumal, Ashok K Prasad
A series of β-d-ribofuranosyl coumarinyl-1,2,3-triazoles have been synthesized by Cu-catalyzed cycloaddition reaction between azidosugar and 7-O-/7-alkynylated coumarins in 62-70% overall yields. The in vitro antimycobacterial activity evaluation of the synthesized triazolo-conjugates against Mycobacterium tuberculosis revealed that compounds were bactericidal in nature and some of them were found to be more active than one of the first line antimycobacterial drug ethambutol against sensitive reference strain H37Rv, and 7 to 420 times more active than all four first line antimycobacterial drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol and streptomycin) against multidrug resistant clinical isolate 591...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Swetha K Maddili, Ramesh Katla, Vijaya Kumar Kannekanti, Naveen Kumar Bejjanki, Balaraju Tuniki, Cheng-He Zhou, Himabindu Gandham
The binding behaviour between calf thymus DNA and synthesized benzothiazolyl triazolium derivatives as potent antimicrobial agents was explored by means of spectroscopic applications together with molecular docking study at the sub-domain IIA, binding site I of human serum albumin (HSA). Most of the synthesized derivatives presented significant antimicrobial inhibition when compared with the clinical Norfloxacin, Chloromycin, and Fluconazole. In particular, compound 5q presented efficient anti-Bacillus subtilis, anti-Escherichia coli, anti-Salmonella typhi, and anti-Psuedomonas aeruginosa activity with low MIC values of 2-8 μg/mL which were relatively superior to the reference drugs...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Renren Bai, Jian Sun, Zhongxing Liang, Younghyoun Yoon, Eric Salgado, Amber Feng, Yoonhyeun Oum, Yuanyuan Xie, Hyunsuk Shim
The CXCR4/CXCL12 chemokine axis can chemotactically accumulate inflammatory cells to local tissues and regulate the release of inflammatory factors. Developing novel CXCR4 modulators may provide a desirable strategy to control the development of inflammation. A series of novel hybrids were designed by integrating the key pharmacophores of three CXCR4 modulators. The majority of compounds displayed potent CXCR4 binding affinity. Compound 7a exhibited 1000-fold greater affinity than AMD3100 and significantly inhibited invasion of CXCR4-positive tumor cells...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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