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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617793/the-effect-of-biologic-factors-and-adjunctive-therapies-on-orthodontically-induced-inflammatory-root-resorption-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Linn Haugland, Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Stein Atle Lie, Vaska Vandevska-Radunovic
Objective: Biologic factors and adjunctive therapies are known to affect the degree of orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR). However, a systematic overall assessment of their impact on OIIRR has not previously been reported. We, therefore, aimed to systematically assess effects on OIIRR of biologic factors and adjunctive therapies in human and animal subjects. Methods: A comprehensive search strategy was performed for all major electronic databases...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576820/the-emergency-department-crash-cart-a-systematic-review-and-suggested-contents
#2
REVIEW
Gabrielle A Jacquet, Bachar Hamade, Karim A Diab, Rasha Sawaya, Gilbert Abou Dagher, Eveline Hitti, Jamil D Bayram
BACKGROUND: As the field of Emergency Medicine grows worldwide, the importance of an Emergency Department Crash Cart (EDCC) has long been recognized. Yet, there is paucity of relevant peer-reviewed literature specifically discussing EDCCs or proposing detailed features for an EDCC suitable for both adult and pediatric patients. METHODS: The authors performed a systematic review of EDCC-specific literature indexed in Pubmed and Embase on December 20, 2016. In addition, the authors reviewed the 2015 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care, the 2015 European Resuscitation Council (ERC) guidelines for resuscitation, and the 2013 American College of Surgeons (ACS) Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) 9th edition...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411267/a-review-of-new-findings-in-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma-a-focus-on-current-and-emerging-treatment-strategies
#3
REVIEW
Olivier Hermine, Juan Carlos Ramos, Kensei Tobinai
Adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL), a rare and aggressive T-cell malignancy caused by human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), is associated with a poor prognosis. Evidence-based standard treatment options are lacking and outcomes are generally unsatisfactory, particularly for patients with relapsed or refractory disease. Continued research is contributing to changing treatment landscape as a number of existing and investigational agents are evaluated. We describe the epidemiology of HTLV-1 and ATL, discuss the biology behind the disease, review current treatment practices and guidelines, and provide an overview of emerging therapies in ATL, with a focus on those for relapsed or refractory disease...
February 6, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284407/clinical-drug-trials-in-general-practice-how-well-are-external-validity-issues-reported
#4
Anja Maria Brænd, Jørund Straand, Atle Klovning
BACKGROUND: When reading a report of a clinical trial, it should be possible to judge whether the results are relevant for your patients. Issues affecting the external validity or generalizability of a trial should therefore be reported. Our aim was to determine whether articles with published results from a complete cohort of drug trials conducted entirely or partly in general practice reported sufficient information about the trials to consider the external validity. METHODS: A cohort of 196 drug trials in Norwegian general practice was previously identified from the Norwegian Medicines Agency archive with year of application for approval 1998-2007...
December 29, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223612/predictive-value-of-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-fast-for-laparotomy-in-unstable-polytrauma-egyptians-patients
#5
Adel Hamed Elbaih, Sameh T Abu-Elela
PURPOSE: The emergency physicians face significant clinical uncertainty when multiple trauma patients arrive in the emergency department (ED). The priorities for assessment and treatment of polytrauma patients are established in the primary survey. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) is very essential clinical skill during trauma resuscitation. Use of point of care ultrasound among the trauma team working in the primary survey in emergency care settings is lacking in Suez Canal University Hospitals even ultrasound machine not available in ED...
December 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954709/visual-field-defects-following-different-resective-procedures-for-mesiotemporal-lobe-epilepsy
#6
Barbara Schmeiser, Moritz Daniel, Evangelos Kogias, Daniel Böhringer, Karl Egger, Shan Yang, Niels Alexander Foit, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Bernhard Jochen Steinhoff, Josef Zentner, Wolf Alexander Lagrèze, Nikolai Johannes Gross
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common side effects of mesiotemporal lobe resection in patients with medically intractable epilepsy are visual field defects (VFD). While peripheral defects usually remain unnoticed by patients, extended VFD influence daily life activities and can, in particular, affect driving regulations. This study had been designed to evaluate frequency and extent of VFD following different surgical approaches to the mesiotemporal area with respect to the ability to drive...
September 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947005/a-mobile-application-to-support-collection-and-analytics-of-real-time-critical-care-data
#7
Akshay Vankipuram, Mithra Vankipuram, Vafa Ghaemmaghami, Vimla L Patel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data collection, in high intensity environments, poses several challenges including the ability to observe multiple streams of information. These problems are especially evident in critical care, where monitoring of the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) protocol provides an excellent opportunity to study the efficacy of applications that allow for the rapid capture of event information, providing theoretically-driven feedback using the data. Our goal was, (a) to design and implement a way to capture data on deviation from the standard practice based on the theoretical foundation of error classification from our past research, (b) to provide a means to meaningfully visualize the collected data, and (c) to provide a proof-of-concept for this implementation, using some understanding of user experience in clinical practice...
November 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899435/optimizing-visits-to-the-site-of-death-for-bereaved-families-after-disasters-and-terrorist-events
#8
Pål Kristensen, Atle Dyregrov, Lars Weisæth, Marianne Straume, Kari Dyregrov, Trond Heir, Renate Grønvold Bugge
In recent years it has been common after disasters and terrorist events to offer bereaved families the opportunity to visit the place where their loved ones died. Many report that such visits are beneficial in processing their loss. Various factors, both cognitive (eg, counteracting disbelief) and existential or emotional (eg, achieving a sense of closeness to the deceased), are associated with the experienced benefit. Nonetheless, exacerbations of trauma and grief reactions (eg, re-enactment fantasies) are common, with some of the bereaved also reporting adverse reactions after the visit...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889364/open-complete-anterior-dislocation-of-the-sacro-iliac-joint-in-a-4-year-old-boy-a-case-report-of-a-rare-injury-with-5-year-follow-up
#9
Walid A Elnahal, Mahmoud Fahmy, Mehool Acharya
Pelvic fractures are uncommon in children and account for between 0.3 and 7.5% of all pediatric injuries. Open pelvic fractures only account for up to 12.9% of all pediatric pelvic fractures. An unusual case of open complete anterior sacro-iliac joint dislocation in a 4-year-old boy is presented with a long-term follow-up. The multidisciplinary approach is reported with review of the current literature. A 4-year-old male presented to our institution in January 2012 after having been run over by a tractor. He presented with gross hemodynamical instability, MISS of 25, and an unstable lateral compression type III pelvic fracture with complete anterior dislocation of the left hemipelvis and a groin wound extending into the left thigh...
September 9, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797555/to-log-roll-or-not-to-log-roll-that-is-the-question-a-review-of-the-use-of-the-log-roll-for-patients-with-pelvic-fractures
#10
REVIEW
Inês Filipa da Cunha Rodrigues
Pelvic fractures are one of the most serious injuries in polytrauma - massive haemorrhage is a major complication and the leading cause of death. The assessment and early management of these injuries in the Emergency Department (ED) focuses on the recognition of haemodynamic instability and should follow Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines. The log-roll technique, although an accepted practice in trauma care, has been reported to be inadvisable when a pelvic fracture is suspected. This paper, which includes a case study, briefly explains the pathophysiology and initial management of pelvic fractures...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745851/maxillofacial-trauma-managing-potentially-dangerous-and-disfiguring-complex-injuries-digest
#11
Devjani Das, Lea Salazar, Milana Zaurova
Patients with maxillofacial trauma require a careful evaluation due to the anatomical proximity of the maxillofacial region to the head and neck. Facial injuries can range from soft-tissue lacerations and nondisplaced nasal fractures to severe, complex fractures, eye injuries, and possible brain injury. Though the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines provide a framework for the management of trauma patients, they do not provide a detailed reference for many subtle or complex facial injuries. This issue adds a more comprehensive and systematic approach to the secondary survey of the maxillofacial area and emergency department management of injuries to the face...
April 22, 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639253/ultrasonography-in-trauma-a-nation-wide-cross-sectional-investigation
#12
Jesper Weile, Klaus Nielsen, Stine C Primdahl, Christian A Frederiksen, Christian B Laursen, Erik Sloth, Hans Kirkegaard
BACKGROUND: The Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (FAST) protocol is considered beneficial in emergent evaluation of trauma patients with blunt or penetrating injury and has become integrated into the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) protocol. No guidelines exist as to the use of ultrasonography in trauma in Denmark. We aimed to determine the current use of ultrasonography for assessing trauma patients in Denmark. METHODS: We conducted a nation-wide cross-sectional investigation of ultrasonography usage in trauma care...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573427/reliability-of-trauma-management-videos-on-youtube-and-their-compliance-with-atls-%C3%A2-9th-edition-guideline
#13
M I Şaşmaz, A H Akça
OBJECTIVE: In this study, the reliability of trauma management scenario videos (in English) on YouTube and their compliance with Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS® ) guidelines were investigated. METHODS: The search was conducted on February 15, 2016 by using the terms "assessment of trauma" and ''management of trauma''. All videos that were uploaded between January 2011 and June 2016 were viewed by two experienced emergency physicians. The data regarding the date of upload, the type of the uploader, duration of the video and view counts were recorded...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513531/who-should-lead-a-trauma-team-surgeon-or-non-surgeon-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh
BACKGROUND: Presence of a trauma team leader (TTL) in the trauma team is associated with positive patient outcomes in major trauma. The TTL is traditionally a surgeon who coordinates the resuscitation and ensures adherence to Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines. The necessity of routine surgical leadership in the resuscitative component of trauma care has been questioned by some authors. Therefore, it remains controversial who should lead the trauma team. We aimed to evaluate outcomes associated with surgeon versus non-surgeon TTLs in management of trauma patients...
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452896/evaluating-trauma-team-performance-in-a-level-i-trauma-center-validation-of-the-trauma-team-communication-assessment-ttca-24
#15
Stephanie DeMoor, Shady Abdel-Rehim, Richard Olmsted, John G Myers, Jessica Parker-Raley
BACKGROUND: Nontechnical skills (NTS), such as team communication, are well-recognized determinants of trauma team performance and good patient care. Measuring these competencies during trauma resuscitations is essential, yet few valid and reliable tools are available. We aimed to demonstrate that the Trauma Team Communication Assessment (TTCA-24) is a valid and reliable instrument that measures communication effectiveness during activations. METHODS: Two tools with adequate psychometric strength (Trauma Nontechnical Skills Scale [T-NOTECHS], Team Emergency Assessment Measure [TEAM]) were identified during a systematic review of medical literature and compared with TTCA-24...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362252/maxillofacial-trauma-managing-potentially-dangerous-and-disfiguring-complex-injuries
#16
REVIEW
Devjanl Das, Lea Salazar
Patients with maxillofacial trauma require a careful evaluation due to the anatomical proximity of the maxillofacial region to the head and neck. Facial injuries can range from soft-tissue lacerations and nondisplaced nasal fractures to severe, complex fractures, eye injuries, and possible brain injury. Though the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines provide a framework for the management of trauma patients, they do not provide a detailed reference for many subtle or complex facial injuries. This issue adds a more comprehensive and systematic approach to the secondary survey of the maxillofacial area and emergency department management of injuries to the face...
April 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243715/volume-replacement-during-trauma-resuscitation-a-brief-synopsis-of-current-guidelines-and-recommendations
#17
REVIEW
M Maegele, M Fröhlich, M Caspers, S Kaske
INTRODUCTION: Intravascular volume and fluid replacement are still cornerstones to correct fluid deficits during early trauma resuscitation, but optimum strategies remain under debate. METHODS: A synopsis of best current knowledge with reference to the following guidelines and recommendations is presented: (1) The European Guideline on Management of Major Bleeding and Coagulopathy following Trauma (fourth edition), (2) S3 Guideline on Treatment of Patients with Severe and Multiple Injuries [English Version of the German Guideline S3 Leitlinie Polytrauma/Schwerverletzten-Behandlung/AWMF Register-Nr...
August 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070029/the-relationship-between-scores-and-outcomes-for-polytrauma-patients-in-the-emergency-department-a-case-study
#18
Maria Gioffre-Florio, Letizia Maria Murabito, Carmela Visalli, Alessandra Villari, Floriana Lauritano, Carla Bramanti, Fausto Fama
AIM: Traumas are one of the most relevant pathological events in health care, because of clinical and prognostic relevance. Morbidity and mortality rates are strongly affected by the timely and correct approach to the patient (golden hour). The objective of this study was to investigate the possible influence of the diagnostic time and of the Injury Severity Score (ISS) on outcomes in trauma patients. MATERIAL OF STUDY: Out of a total of 240,833 emergency patients, we observed, 447 polytrauma...
December 29, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598587/impact-of-atls-guidelines-trauma-team-introduction-and-24-hour-mortality-due-to-severe-trauma-in-a-busy-metropolitan-italian-hospital-a-case-control-study
#19
Stefano Magnone, Andrea Allegri, Eugenia Belotti, Claudio Carlo Castelli, Marco Ceresoli, Federico Coccolini, Roberto Manfredi, Cecilia Merli, Fabrizio Palamara, Dario Piazzalunga, Tino Martino Valetti, Luca Ansaloni
BACKGROUND: Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines are widely accepted for use in initial management of trauma patients. The application of ATLS guidelines and introduction of management by means of trauma team (TT) both took place in April 2011. The aim of the present study was to evaluate related effects on mortality in the shock room (SR) and at 24 hours after admission. METHODS: Data were retrieved by administrative software based on patient admission for trauma of at least 48 hours...
May 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574345/retrospective-evaluation-of-magnitude-severity-and-outcome-of-traumatic-hepatobiliary-injury-at-a-level-i-trauma-center-in-india
#20
Sanjay Kumar Yadav, Subodh Kumar, Mahesh Chander Misra, Sushma Sagar, V K Bansal
Liver injury is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in polytrauma patients. This study was conducted to know the burden of hepatobiliary injury and its outcome in our setup. It is a retrospective study of all patients with traumatic hepatobiliary injuries from January 2008 through April 2012 at JPNATC, New Delhi. All patients were resuscitated as per ATLS guidelines. Management of patients was based on hemodynamic status and associated injuries. Liver injury occurred in 7.52 % of all trauma admissions and 20...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
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