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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823119/determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adults-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Ali Kazemi, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
Purpose: This study aimed to measure the level and determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults in Kermanshah province, the western region of Iran. Methods: Convenience sampling was employed to derive a sample of 998 adults 18 years and older (646 males and 352 females) in Kermanshah city. A two-part self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The first part designed to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status and life style factors...
August 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823061/validity-and-reliability-of-the-norwegian-translation-of-the-achilles-tendon-total-rupture-score
#2
Ståle Bergman Myhrvold, Øystein Sandnes, Sigurd Erik Hoelsbrekken
PURPOSE: Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly being used in clinical research. The Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) is a PROM designed to assess outcomes in patients with ruptures of the Achilles tendon. The aim of this study was to develop a Norwegian adaption of the ATRS and evaluate its validity and reliability. METHODS: The ATRS was translated into Norwegian in accordance with recommended guidelines. The study included 94 patients treated for Achilles tendon ruptures from January 2010 until February 2013, and the web-based questionnaires were administered twice...
August 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823060/cardiac-death-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-aneurysm-remodeling-and-myocardial-viability-by-gated-99m-tc-mibi-spect-and-gated-18-f-fdg-pet
#3
Weixue Wang, Xiang Li, Congna Tian, Shihua Zhao, Marcus Hacker, Xiaoli Zhang
(1) To evaluate the prognostic value of LV remodeling parameters in patients with LV aneurysm by gated SPECT (GSPECT), gated PET (GPET) and CMR; (2) to evaluate the impact of myocardial viability and LV remodeling on the long-term cardiac survival in patients with LV aneurysm. One hundred and twenty-six consecutive patients underwent GPET, GSPECT and CMR within two weeks, with a mean follow-up of 3.9 ± 1.5 years. End-diastolic volume (EDV, mL) and end-systolic volume (ESV, mL) measured by GPET, GSPECT and CMR and corrected for BSA; EDVI and ESVI were calculated...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823014/assessment-of-the-quality-of-the-harran-plain-soils-under-long-term-cultivation
#4
Ali Volkan Bilgili, Çiğdem Küçük, Harold M Van Es
Soil quality refers to the ability of soils to perform their functions well. The soils of the Harran Plain, Turkey, have been put into intensive crop production with the introduction of an irrigation scheme and become increasingly degraded due to unsustainable management and cropping systems that resulted in the loss of production potential. The goal of this study was to quantify the quality of common soil series in the Plain using soil quality indexes (SQI) and to compare SQIs of two long-term crop rotations, cotton and wheat-corn cultivation, and different soil types...
August 19, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822900/supportive-care-pathway-functionalities-of-ehr-system-in-a-saudi-arabian-hospital
#5
Bakheet Aldosari
BACKGROUND: Electronic health record (EHR) is a data management system used in healthcare services. The stored medical information in EHR can be accessed and utilized by authorized users, which helps clinicians in making clinical decisions. Therefore, this study aims at comparing the embedded clinical guidelines or the supportive pathway functions as well as their compliance level in the two EMR systems, i.e. QuadraMed (QCPR) and BestCare. METHODS: A test vignette was used to evaluate the features, functions, performance, and output to assess the EHR clinical path way functionality of the QCPR and BestCare...
August 12, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822756/differences-in-psychosocial-and-behavioral-variables-by-dietary-screening-tool-risk-category-in-older-adults
#6
Geoffrey W Greene, Ingrid Lofgren, Chelsea Paulin, Mary L Greaney, Phillip G Clark
BACKGROUND: The Dietary Screening Tool (DST) has been validated as a dietary screening instrument for older adults defining three categories of potential nutritional risk based on DST score cutoffs. Previous research has found that older adults classified as being "at risk" differed from those categorized as being "not at risk" for a limited number of health-related variables. The relationship between risk categories and a wide variety of variables has not yet been explored. This research will contribute to an increased understanding of clustering of multiple health concerns in this population...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822677/dentoskeletal-parameters-related-to-visual-perception-of-facial-asymmetry-in-patients-with-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion-after-orthognathic-surgery
#7
C-W Lin, Y-C Wang, Y-H Chen, E W-C Ko
The purpose of the study is to explore the critical parameters determining the visual perception of postoperative facial symmetry. This study retrospectively included 24 patients with skeletal class III malocclusion and double-jaw orthognathic surgery (OgS). The patients were classified according to the outcome of subjective visual perception scores (SVPS) based on the postoperative frontal images by 10 orthodontists: symmetrical surgical outcome (S group, n=12) and facial asymmetry after surgery (A group, n=12)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822640/comparison-of-outcomes-1%C3%A2-year-after-rotator-cuff-repair-with-and-without-concomitant-biceps-surgery
#8
Scott T Watson, Christopher B Robbins, Asheesh Bedi, James E Carpenter, Joel J Gagnier, Bruce S Miller
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of patients who undergo a long head of the biceps (LHB) procedure (tenotomy or tenodesis) concomitant with rotator cuff repair (RCR) to those of patients who undergo isolated RCR. METHODS: Prospectively collected data were retrospectively reviewed on 80 patients, >18 years old, who underwent repair of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear and with 1-year patient-reported outcome scores collected June 2012 to March 2015. The exclusion criteria were concomitant procedures other than LHB tenotomy, tenodesis, or subacromial decompression; prior shoulder surgery; or other shoulder pathology...
August 16, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822433/-molecular-biological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-children-with-bronchiolitis
#9
T H Zhang, J Deng, Y Qian, R N Zhu, Y Sun, F Wang, R Tian, L Q Zhao
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of respiratory syncytial virus(RSV)bronchiolitis and molecular biological characteristics of RSV in children in Beijing. Method: In a systematic retrospective study, 2 296 nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPA) were collected from children diagnosed with bronchiolitis from July 2006 to June 2016 for respiratory virus screening using direct immunofluorescence assay (DFA). For specimens positive for RSV, subgroup A or B was confirmed by real time RT-PCR and genotype of RSV was determined by amplifying the full G glycoprotein gene and sequencing...
August 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822309/nature-based-solutions-to-promote-human-resilience-and-wellbeing-in-cities-during-increasingly-hot-summers
#10
Angelo Panno, Giuseppe Carrus, Raffaele Lafortezza, Luigi Mariani, Giovanni Sanesi
Air temperatures are increasing because of global climate change. A warming phenomenon strongly related to global climate change is the urban heat island. It has been shown that the hotter temperatures occurring in cities during the summer negatively affect human wellbeing, but little is known about the potential mechanisms underlying the relationships between hotter temperatures, cognitive psychological resources and wellbeing. The aim of the present research is to understand whether, and how, spending time in urban green spaces, which can be considered as a specific kind of Nature-Based Solution (NBS), helps the recovery of cognitive resources and wellbeing...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822055/social-inequalities-in-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-the-generation-r-study
#11
Lea Kragt, Eppo B Wolvius, Hein Raat, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Edwin M Ongkosuwito
PURPOSE: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is the most important patient-reported outcome measure in oral health research. The purpose of the present research was to study the association of family socioeconomic position (SEP) with children's OHRQoL. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a population-based cohort study conducted in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. For the present study, OHRQoL was assessed of 3871 ten-year old children...
August 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822053/colorectal-cancer-patient-s-self-efficacy-for-managing-illness-related-problems-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-years-after-diagnosis-results-from-the-colorectal-well-being-crew-study
#12
Chloe Grimmett, Joanne Haviland, Jane Winter, Lynn Calman, Amy Din, Alison Richardson, Peter W F Smith, Claire Foster
PURPOSE: There is a growing emphasis on self-management of cancer aftercare. Little is known about patient's self-efficacy (confidence) to manage illness-related problems and how this changes over time. This paper describes the patterns of self-efficacy for managing illness-related problems amongst colorectal cancer patients in the 2 years following diagnosis. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, questionnaires were administered at baseline (pre-surgery), 3, 9, 15 and 24 months to 872 colorectal cancer patients...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822049/potential-for-diagnosis-versus-therapy-monitoring-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-new-epigenetic-biomarker-interacting-with-both-genotype-and-auto-immunity
#13
Walter Adriani, Emilia Romano, Mariangela Pucci, Esterina Pascale, Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino, Renata Tambelli, Paolo Curatolo, Oleg Granstrem, Mauro Maccarrone, Giovanni Laviola, Claudio D'Addario
In view of the need for easily accessible biomarkers, we evaluated in ADHD children the epigenetic status of the 5'-untranslated region (UTR) in the SLC6A3 gene, coding for human dopamine transporter (DAT). We analysed buccal swabs and sera from 30 children who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for ADHD, assigned to treatment according to severity. Methylation levels at six-selected CpG sites (among which, a CGGCGGCGG and a CGCG motif), alone or in combination with serum titers in auto-antibodies against dopamine transporter (DAT aAbs), were analysed for correlation with CGAS scores (by clinicians) and Conners' scales (by parents), collected at recruitment and after 6 weeks...
August 18, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822028/effect-of-diquafosol-tetrasodium-3-on-the-conjunctival-surface-and-clinical-findings-after-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-dry-eye
#14
Lian Cui, Ying Li, Hyo Seok Lee, Jee Myung Yang, Won Choi, Kyung Chul Yoon
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of diquafosol tetrasodium (DT) 3% on conjunctival impression cytologic findings in addition to clinical symptoms and signs after cataract surgery in patients with preexisting dry eye disease (DED). METHODS: Ninety-four eyes of 94 patients with DED who underwent uneventful cataract surgery were included. In total, 50 patients were treated with DT 3% (group A), while 44 patients were treated with sodium hyaluronate 0.1% (group B) postoperatively, along with topical antibiotics and steroids...
August 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821989/prevalence-of-hyponatremia-in-inpatients-with-incurable-and-life-limiting-diseases-and-its-association-with-physical-symptoms-a-retrospective-descriptive-study
#15
Kerstin Kremeike, Ricarda M L Wetter, Volker Burst, Raymond Voltz, Kathrin Kuhr, Steffen T Simon
PURPOSE: Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte abnormality seen in hospitalized patients. It may cause a variety of symptoms and is associated with longer hospitalizations and higher mortality. However, to date, only little is known about the extent of hyponatremia in patients with incurable diseases and whether it is associated with physical symptoms in this patient group. This study aims to describe the prevalence of hyponatremia, associated symptoms, and symptom intensity in inpatients with hyponatremia receiving specialist palliative care (SPC)...
August 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821553/epidemiology-of-discordance-between-symptoms-and-signs-of-dry-eye
#16
Erin S Ong, Elizabeth R Felix, Roy C Levitt, William J Feuer, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Anat Galor
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The frequent lack of association between dry eye (DE) symptoms and signs leads to challenges in diagnosing and assessing the disease. METHODS: Participants underwent ocular surface examinations to evaluate signs of disease and completed questionnaires to assess ocular symptoms, psychological status and medication use. To assess nociceptive system integrity, quantitative sensory testing (QST), including vibratory and thermal threshold measures and temporal summation of pain were obtained at the forearm and forehead...
August 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821377/ischemic-stroke-and-impact-of-thyroid-profile-at-presentation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#17
Rashmi Dhital, Dilli Ram Poudel, Niranjan Tachamo, Bishal Gyawali, Sijan Basnet, Pragya Shrestha, Paras Karmacharya
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the fifth leading cause of mortality in the United States and a leading cause of disability. A complex relationship between thyroid hormone levels and severity of, and outcome after, stroke has been described. AIM: Our objective is to identify the association between baseline thyroid function profile and outcome after acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Studies looking at the association between thyroid function and functional stroke outcomes were identified from available electronic databases from inception to December 16, 2016...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821303/validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-self-completion-adult-social-care-outcomes-toolkit-ascot-sct4-with-adults-with-long-term-physical-sensory-and-mental-health-conditions-in-england
#18
Stacey Rand, Juliette Malley, Ann-Marie Towers, Ann Netten, Julien Forder
BACKGROUND: The Adult Social Care Outcomes Toolkit (ASCOT-SCT4) is a multi-attribute utility index designed for the evaluation of long-term social care services. The measure comprises eight attributes that capture aspects of social care-related quality of life. The instrument has previously been validated with a sample of older adults who used home care services in England. This paper aims to demonstrate the instrument's test-retest reliability and provide evidence for its validity in a diverse sample of adults who use publicly-funded, community-based social care in England...
August 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821269/age-exacerbates-microglial-activation-oxidative-stress-inflammatory-and-nox2-gene-expression-and-delays-functional-recovery-in-a-middle-aged-rodent-model-of-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Ramona E von Leden, Guzal Khayrullina, Kasey E Moritz, Kimberly R Byrnes
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) among people over age 40 has been steadily increasing since the 1980s and is associated with worsened outcome than injuries in young people. Age-related increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS) are suggested to lead to chronic inflammation. The NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) enzyme is expressed by microglia and is a primary source of ROS. This study aimed to determine the effect of age on inflammation, oxidative damage, NOX2 gene expression, and functional performance with and without SCI in young adult (3 months) and middle-aged (12 months) male rats...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821239/association-between-sarcopenia-with-lifestyle-and-family-function-among-community-dwelling-chinese-aged-60%C3%A2-years-and-older
#20
Shan Hai, Hui Wang, Li Cao, Ping Liu, Jianghua Zhou, Ying Yang, Birong Dong
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is defined as the age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass and function. The risk factors and causes of sarcopenia must be identified to develop prevention and treatment strategies for this syndrome. Our aim was to examine the association between sarcopenia with lifestyle and family function among community-dwelling Chinese people aged 60 years and older. METHODS: We conducted this study to evaluate sarcopenia among 834 community-dwelling Chinese individuals aged ≥60 years using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) criteria...
August 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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