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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126834/low-expression-of-nkd2-is-associated-with-enhanced-cell-proliferation-and-poor-prognosis-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Dongzhi Wang, Shusen Zhang, Yuyan Chen, Baoying Hu, Cuihua Lu
NKD2 is a member of the Naked cuticle (Nkd) protein family and functions as a negative regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway. We investigated the prognostic value of NKD2 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses revealed that NKD2 was significantly downregulated in HCC specimens compared with adjacent non-tumorous tissues. Next, we found that NKD2 expression correlated significantly with several clinicopathologic features, such as tumor grade, tumor size, and Ki-67 expression...
November 7, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116191/histone-methyltransferase-g9a-is-a-key-regulator-of-the-starvation-induced-behaviors-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#2
Kouhei Shimaji, Ryo Tanaka, Toru Maeda, Mamiko Ozaki, Hideki Yoshida, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Tetsuya Sato, Mikita Suyama, Masamitsu Yamaguchi
Organisms have developed behavioral strategies to defend themselves from starvation stress. Despite of their importance in nature, the underlying mechanisms have been poorly understood. Here, we show that Drosophila G9a (dG9a), one of the histone H3 Lys 9-specific histone methyltransferases, functions as a key regulator for the starvation-induced behaviors. RNA-sequencing analyses utilizing dG9a null mutant flies revealed that the expression of some genes relating to gustatory perception are regulated by dG9a under starvation conditions...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114984/the-accuracy-and-consistency-of-nutrition-care-process-terminology-use-in-cases-of-refeeding-syndrome
#3
Kylie L Matthews, Michelle A Palmer, Sandra M Capra
AIM: Using standardised terminology in acute care has encouraged consistency in patient care and the evaluation of outcomes. As such, the Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) may assist dietitian nutritionists in the delivery of high quality nutrition care worldwide; however, limited research has been conducted examining the consistency and accuracy of its use. We aimed to examine the NCPT that dietitian nutritionists would use to formulate a diagnostic statement relating to refeeding syndrome (RFS)...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107582/perinatal-exposure-to-endocrine-disrupting-compounds-and-the-control-of-feeding-behavior-an-overview
#4
REVIEW
Sabrina N Walley, Troy A Roepke
Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants that can interact with steroid and nuclear receptors or alter hormone production. Many studies have reported that perinatal exposure to EDC including bisphenol A, PCB, dioxins, and DDT disrupt energy balance, body weight, adiposity, or glucose homeostasis in rodent offspring. However, little information exists on the effects of perinatal EDC exposure on the control of feeding behaviors and meal pattern (size, frequency, duration), which may contribute to their obesogenic properties...
October 28, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104345/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-refeeding-syndrome-like-hypophosphatemia-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
Aiko Igarashi, Takashi Okuno, Genrei Ohta, Shuko Tokuriki, Yusei Ohshima
Background: Refeeding syndrome is characterized by metabolic disturbance including hypophosphatemia and hypokalemia upon reinstitution of nutrition in severely malnourished patients. Objective: The present study sought to identify the risk factors for the development of refeeding syndrome-like metabolic disturbance in very low birth weight infants. Methods: The correlations of severe hypophosphatemia with the serum levels of potassium and ionized calcium, daily calorie and phosphate intake, and umbilical cord blood flow on ultrasonography were analyzed in 49 very low birth weight infants...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094996/-incidence-of-hypophosphatemia-in-not-critically-ill-patients-with-enteral-feeding
#6
Maria Teresa Fernández López, Áurea María Gómez Márquez, Laura Casado Vázquez, Susana Alonso Urrutia, María Luisa Bardasco Alonso, María Teresa Rivero Luis, Eva Fernández Pérez, Susana Barreiros Blanco, María Teresa Alves Pérez, José Antonio Mato Mato
BACKGROUND: Up to 30-40% of the patients starting artificial nutritional support develop hypophosphatemia. In general, patients with mild and moderate hypophosphatemia do not have symptoms, but severe hypophosphatemia is the hallmark of refeeding syndrome. AIM: To determine the incidence of hypophosphatemia in not critically ill patients receiving enteral feeding. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study. We assessed during seven days 181 not critically ill patients started on enteral artificial nutrition support during seven days...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091812/food-restriction-followed-by-refeeding-with-a-casein-or-whey-based-diet-differentially-affects-the-gut-microbiota-of-pre-pubertal-male-rats
#7
Majdi Masarwi, Hadas Isaac Solnik, Moshe Phillip, Sima Yaron, Raanan Shamir, Metsada Pasmanic-Chor, Galia Gat-Yablonski
Researchers are gaining an increasing understanding of host-gut microbiota interactions, but studies of the role of gut microbiota in linear growth are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of food restriction and refeeding with different diets on gut microbiota composition in fast-growing rats. Young male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed regular rat chow ad libitum (control group) or subjected to 40% food restriction for 36 days followed by continued restriction or ad libitum refeeding for 24 days...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091116/protein-and-lipid-metabolism-adjustments-in-silver-catfish-rhamdia-quelen-during-different-periods-of-fasting-and-refeeding
#8
A Marqueze, C F Garbino, M Trapp, L C Kucharski, M Fagundes, D Ferreira, G Koakoski, J G S Rosa
The fish may experience periods of food deprivation or starvation which produce metabolic changes. In this study, adult Rhamdia quelen males were subjected to fasting periods of 1, 7, 14, and 21 days and of refeeding 2, 4, 6, and 12 days. The results demonstrated that liver protein was depleted after 1 day of fasting, but recovered after 6 days of refeeding. After 14 days of fasting, mobilization in the lipids of the muscular tissue took place, and these reserves began to re-establish themselves after 4 days of refeeding...
October 30, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077158/effects-of-caloric-restriction-on-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors-and-positive-transcription-elongation-factor-b-expression-in-obese-rats
#9
Y-B Yang, X-L Wu, B Ke, Y-J Huang, S-Q Chen, Y-Q Su, J Qin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of caloric restriction (CR) on expressions of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPARs) and positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) (including cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) and cyclin T1) protein in visceral adipose tissue of obese rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Obese rats were induced by high-fat diet for 8 weeks. Then they were divided into three groups: Model (n=5), 50% Calorie Restricted (50% CR, n=5), Intermittent Fasting (IF) (eight cycles of 3-d fasting and 3-d refeeding, n=6) for 8 weeks...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067062/efficacy-of-early-oral-refeeding-in-patients-of-mild-acute-pancreatitis
#10
Shahum Khan, Waqas Ahmed Ranjha, Hassan Tariq, Hareem Nawaz
OBJECTIVE: To compare Early Oral Refeeding (EORF) with Routine Oral Refeeding (RORF) on outcome of patients of mild Acute Pancreatitis (AP) in terms of Mean Length of Hospital Stay (LOHS). METHODS: This randomized controlled trialwas conducted atSurgical Department CMH Rawalpindi, from 1st Feb 2015 to 01st Aug 2016. A total of 60 patients with pain epigastrium were enrolled in the study. Severity of pancreatitis was assessed using Glasgow Scale. Patients were randomly divided in two groups...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031713/peripheral-cannabinoid-1-receptor-blockade-restores-hypothalamic-leptin-signaling
#11
Joseph Tam, Gergő Szanda, Adi Drori, Ziyi Liu, Resat Cinar, Yoshihiro Kashiwaya, Marc L Reitman, George Kunos
OBJECTIVE: In visceral obesity, an overactive endocannabinoid/CB1 receptor (CB1R) system promotes increased caloric intake and decreases energy expenditure, which are mitigated by global or peripheral CB1R blockade. In mice with diet-induced obesity (DIO), inhibition of food intake by the peripherally restricted CB1R antagonist JD5037 could be attributed to endogenous leptin due to the rapid reversal of hyperleptinemia that maintains leptin resistance, but the signaling pathway engaged by leptin has remained to be determined...
October 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029202/a-metabolomic-signature-of-acute-caloric-restriction
#12
Tinh-Hai Collet, Takuhiro Sonoyama, Elana Henning, Julia M Keogh, Brian Ingram, Sarah Kelway, Lining Guo, I Sadaf Farooqi
Context: The experimental paradigm of acute caloric restriction followed by refeeding can be used to study the homeostatic mechanisms that regulate energy homeostasis, which are relevant to understanding the adaptive response to weight loss. Objective: Metabolomics, the measurement of hundreds of small molecule metabolites, their precursors, derivatives, and degradation products, has emerged as a useful tool for the study of physiology and disease and was used here to study the metabolic response to acute caloric restriction...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983382/refeeding-syndrome-in-oncology-report-of-four-cases
#13
Martin Windpessl, Beate Mayrbaeurl, Christian Baldinger, Gernot Tiefenthaller, Friedrich C Prischl, Manfred Wallner, Josef Thaler
The term refeeding syndrome (RFS) refers to the metabolic perturbations and its attendant complications in subjects who are refed after fasting. The syndrome is characterized by profound shifts of electrolytes and fluids. Its consequences are widespread and sometimes fatal. Patients with malignancies are especially vulnerable due to the presence of multiple comorbidities. We report the course of four patients with malignant or hematological disorders who developed RFS while being treated for their underlying illness...
February 2017: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964747/safety-and-efficacy-of-early-feeding-based-on-clinical-assessment%C3%A2-at-4-hours-after-ercp-a-prospective-randomized%C3%A2-controlled-trial
#14
Chan Hyuk Park, Jang Han Jung, Bomi Hyun, Hye Ji Kan, Jin Lee, Sea Hyub Kae, Hyun Joo Jang, Dong Hee Koh, Min Ho Choi, Moon Jae Chung, Seungmin Bang, Se Woo Park
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The optimal timing of refeeding after ERCP is unknown. Some practices keep the patient fasting for 24 hours after ERCP, whereas others resume feeding earlier. We aimed to evaluate the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in patients who initiate early feeding, based on their clinical assessment, including serum amylase testing performed at 4 hours after ERCP. METHODS: Patients who were scheduled for ERCP were recruited. Patients without abdominal pain and tenderness and a serum amylase level within 1...
September 28, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955126/intermittent-fasting-prompted-recovery-from-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-in-mice
#15
Toshihiko Okada, Takeshi Otsubo, Teruki Hagiwara, Fumika Inazuka, Eiko Kobayashi, Shinji Fukuda, Takuya Inoue, Kazuhide Higuchi, Yuki I Kawamura, Taeko Dohi
Fasting-refeeding in mice induces transient hyperproliferation of colonic epithelial cells, which is dependent on the lactate produced as a metabolite of commensal bacteria. We attempted to manipulate colonic epithelial cell turnover with intermittent fasting to prompt recovery from acute colitis. Acute colitis was induced in C57BL/6 mice by administration of dextran sulfate sodium in the drinking water for 5 days. From day 6, mice were fasted for 36 h and refed normal bait, glucose powder, or lactylated high-amylose starch...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939196/molecular-identification-of-an-insulin-growth-factor-binding-protein-igfbp-and-its-potential-role-in-an-insulin-like-peptide-system-of-the-pearl-oyster-pinctada-fucata
#16
Hua Zhang, Yu Shi, Maoxian He
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) play critical roles in regulating metabolism, growth, and reproduction in invertebrates. IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) serve as major regulators of IGF activity and regulate endocrine system. In the present study, the full-length cDNA of an igfbp was identified from the pearl oyster, Pinctada fucata, using expressed sequence tag (EST) sequence. The 1124bp Pfigfbp cDNA contains a 465bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative protein of 154 amino acids, a 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of 238bp, and a 3'-UTR of 394bp (not including polyA+)...
December 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935144/effects-of-dietary-biotin-supplementation-on-glucagon-production-secretion-and-action
#17
Maria-Luisa Lazo-de-la-Vega-Monroy, Elena Larrieta, Wilma Tixi-Verdugo, Rafael Ramírez-Mondragón, Ileana Hernández-Araiza, Michael S German, Cristina Fernandez-Mejia
OBJECTIVE: Despite increasing evidence that pharmacologic concentrations of biotin modify glucose metabolism, to our knowledge there have not been any studies addressing the effects of biotin supplementation on glucagon production and secretion, considering glucagon is one of the major hormones in maintaining glucose homeostasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary biotin supplementation on glucagon expression, secretion, and action. METHODS: Male BALB/cAnN Hsd mice were fed a control or a biotin-supplemented diet (1...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932925/hepatic-complications-of-anorexia-nervosa
#18
REVIEW
Elissa Rosen, Neeru Bakshi, Ashlie Watters, Hugo R Rosen, Philip S Mehler
Anorexia nervosa (AN) has the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric illnesses due to the widespread organ dysfunction caused by the underlying severe malnutrition. Starvation causes hepatocyte injury and death leading to a rise in aminotransferases. Malnutrition-induced hepatitis is common among individuals with AN especially as body mass index decreases. Acute liver failure associated with coagulopathy and encephalopathy can rarely occur. Liver enzymes may also less commonly increase as part of the refeeding process due to hepatic steatosis and can be distinguished from starvation hepatitis by the finding of a fatty liver on ultrasonography...
November 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924116/transient-left-ventricular-contractile-dysfunction-during-the-treatment-of-rhabdomyolysis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Toshihiro Tsuruda, Nozomi Shinohara, Miyuki Ogata, Kazuo Kitamura, Hidenobu Ochiai
Transient left ventricular contractile dysfunction (TLVCD) is often observed as a result of stress-related cardiomyopathy; however, recent reports suggest that rhabdomyolysis and eating disorders can also induce the development of TLVCD. We report a 52-year-old malnourished man who developed acute heart failure on day 4 of treatment for rhabdomyolysis. Transthoracic echocardiogram revealed severe hypokinesis at the apical and mid-ventricular segments, except for the basal segments of the left ventricular wall, which recovered within one week...
October 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923819/geriatric-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Moaweya Zayed, Joseph P Garry
Eating disorders are not commonly diagnosed in individuals aged >50 years, yet they are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidities and overall morbidity. Anorexia nervosa is the most common eating disorder among this age group, and women are affected most often. We present the fatal case of a 66-year old woman with severe malnutrition and newly diagnosed anorexia nervosa. Inpatient refeeding was unsuccessful, and she succumbed to multisystem organ failure. The timely recognition of eating disorders among older people is important for family physicians who care for patients across the life spectrum...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
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