keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

refeeding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220106/synchronization-by-daytime-restricted-food-access-modulates-the-presence-and-subcellular-distribution-of-%C3%AE-catenin-and-its-phosphorylated-forms-in-the-rat-liver
#1
Dalia Luz De Ita-Pérez, Mauricio Díaz-Muñoz
β-catenin, the principal effector of the Wnt pathway, is also one of the cadherin cell adhesion molecules; therefore, it fulfills signaling and structural roles in most of the tissues and organs. It has been reported that β-catenin in the liver regulates metabolic responses such as gluconeogenesis and histological changes in response to obesity-promoting diets. The function and cellular location of β-catenin is finely modulated by coordinated sequences of phosphorylation-dephosphorylation events. In this article, we evaluated the levels and cellular localization of liver β-catenin variants, more specifically β-catenin phosphorylated in serine 33 (this phosphorylation provides recognizing sites for β-TrCP, which results in ubiquitination and posterior proteasomal degradation of β-catenin) and β-catenin phosphorylated in serine 675 (phosphorylation that enhances signaling and transcriptional activity of β-catenin through recruitment of different transcriptional coactivators)...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212259/robotic-rectal-resection-with-a-single-docking-technique-thanks-to-the-rotation-of-the-r3-arm
#2
Benedetta Pesi, Mario Annecchiarico, Stefano Amore Bonapasta, Alessandro Nerini, Federico Perna, Lapo Bencini, Michele Di Marino, Andrea Coratti
BACKGROUND: Robotic surgery for rectal resection presents some advantages compared with the traditional technique; however, it also presents some limitations, especially due to the multiple changes of surgical fields. We describe a new technique to perform low-anterior resection using single docking with the rotation of the third arm and our perioperative results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 patients who underwent low-anterior rectal robotic resection with single-docking technique using robotic daVinci SI (Surgical Intuitive System) were included in the study...
February 20, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195513/inducible-and-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthases-exert-contrasting-effects-during-rat-intestinal-recovery-following-fasting
#3
Junta Ito, Hiroyuki Uchida, Naomi Machida, Kazuo Ohtake, Yuki Saito, Jun Kobayashi
We investigated the effects of endogenous inducible (iNOS) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase on recovery from intestinal mucosal atrophy caused by fasting-induced apoptosis and decreased cell proliferation during refeeding in rats. Rats were divided into five groups, one of which was fed ad libitum, and four of which underwent 72 h of fasting, followed by refeeding for 0, 6, 24, and 48 h, respectively. iNOS and neuronal nitric oxide synthase mRNA and protein levels in jejunal tissues were measured, and mucosal height was histologically evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185482/suckling-induced-activation-pattern-in-the-brain-of-rat-pups
#4
János Barna, Eva Renner, Antónia Arszovszki, Melinda Cservenák, Zsolt Kovács, Miklós Palkovits, Arpád Dobolyi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to understand the effects of suckling on the brain of the pups by mapping their brain activation pattern in response to suckling. METHODS: The c-fos method was applied to identify activated neurons. Fasted rat pups were returned to their mothers for suckling and sacrificed 2 hours later for Fos immunohistochemistry. Double labeling was also performed to characterize some of the activated neurons. For comparison, another group of fasted pups were given dry food before Fos mapping...
February 10, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179909/genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-spx-domain-containing-members-and-their-responses-to-phosphate-deficiency-in-brassica-napus
#5
Hongyuan Du, Chang Yang, Guangda Ding, Lei Shi, Fangsen Xu
The importance of SPX domain-encoding proteins to phosphate (Pi) homeostasis and signaling pathways has been well-documented in rice and Arabidopsis. However, global information and responses of SPX members to P stress in allotetraploid Brassica napus, one of the world's major oil crops that is sensitive to P deficiency, remain undefined. We identified a total of 69 SPX domain-containing genes in the B. napus genome. Based on the domain organizations, these genes were classified into four distinct subfamilies-SPX (11), SPX-EXS (43), SPX-MFS (8), and SPX-RING (7)-that represented clear orthologous relationships to their family members in Arabidopsis...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167333/regional-asymmetry-of-metabolic-and-antioxidant-profile-in-the-sciaenid-fish-shi-drum-umbrina-cirrosa-white-muscle-response-to-starvation-and-refeeding
#6
M Carmen Hidalgo, Amalia E Morales, Marta Arizcun, Emilia Abellán, Gabriel Cardenete
The objective of the present study is to characterize the metabolic and antioxidant profile of white muscle of shi drum in two sites of the body, anterior dorsal (AM) and posterior dorsal (PM) portions. In addition, it will be analyzed the possible effect of starvation and a subsequent refeeding, with two different protocols, pair feeding and ad libitum. Activities of key enzymes of intermediary metabolism and of antioxidant enzymes, as well as lipid peroxidation, as an index of oxidative stress, were evaluated...
February 1, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163184/short-term-starvation-and-realimentation-helps-stave-off-edwardsiella-tarda-infection-in-red-sea-bream-pagrus-major
#7
Sipra Mohapatra, Tapas Chakraborty, Mohammad Ali Noman Reza, Sonoko Shimizu, Takahiro Matsubara, Kohei Ohta
Dietary regime modifications have been an integral part of health and healing practices throughout the animal kingdom. Thus, to assess the effects of periodic starvation and refeeding schedule on the physiological and immunological perturbations in Edwardsiella tarda infected red sea bream, we conducted a 20day experiment using 4 treatment groups, namely, pre-fed placebo (PFP); pre-starved placebo (PSP); pre-fed infected (PFI); and pre-starved infected (PSI), wherein a 5h E. tarda infection was done on the 11th day...
February 2, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151828/nutrition-in-the-critically-ill-patient
#8
Kristine W A C Koekkoek, Arthur R H van Zanten
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent relevant studies regarding nutrition during critical illness and provide recommendations for clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently acquired knowledge regarding nutritional status and risk assessment, body composition, gastric residual volume, prokinetics, tube positioning, enteral vs parenteral nutrition, nutritional dose and timing of initiation, pharmaconutrition, dysbiosis and probiotics are discussed. SUMMARY: Body composition especially lean body mass is associated with clinical outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144744/food-matters-how-the-microbiome-and-gut-brain-interaction-might-impact-the-development-and-course-of-anorexia-nervosa
#9
REVIEW
Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Jochen Seitz, John Baines
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is one of the most common chronic illnesses in female adolescents and exhibits the highest mortality risk of all psychiatric disorders. Evidence for the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic or psychopharmacological interventions is weak. Mounting data indicate that the gut microbiome interacts with the central nervous system and the immune system by neuroendocrine, neurotransmitter, neurotrophic and neuroinflammatory afferent and efferent pathways. There is growing evidence that the gut microbiota influences weight regulation and psychopathology, such as anxiety and depression...
January 31, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141617/nutritional-management-of-acute-pancreatitis
#10
Kumar Krishnan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute pancreatitis is one of the most common causes for hospitalization related to a gastrointestinal disorder. It carries significant morbidity, and when severe, significant mortality. Multiple interventions have been studied to treat pancreatitis. Of all these interventions, none is more important or impactful than nutrition. RECENT FINDINGS: High-quality evidence along with society guidelines have recommended the use of enteral nutrition over parenteral nutrition in patients with pancreatitis...
March 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128928/a-direct-in-vivo-comparison-of-the-melanocortin-monovalent-agonist-ac-his-dphe-arg-trp-nh2-versus-the-bivalent-agonist-ac-his-dphe-arg-trp-pedg20-his-dphe-arg-trp-nh2-a-bivalent-advantage
#11
Cody J Lensing, Danielle N Adank, Stacey L Wilber, Katie T Freeman, Sathya M Schnell, Robert Charles Speth, Adam T Zarth, Carrie Haskell-Luevano
Bivalent ligands targeting putative melanocortin receptor dimers have been developed and characterized in vitro, however studies of their functional in vivo effects have been limited. The current report compares the effects of homobivalent ligand CJL-1-87, Ac-His-DPhe-Arg-Trp-PEDG20-His-DPhe-Arg-Trp-NH2, to monovalent ligand CJL-1-14, Ac-His-DPhe-Arg-Trp-NH2 on energy homeostasis in mice after central intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration into the lateral ventricle of the brain. Bivalent ligand CJL-1-87 had noteworthy advantages as an anti-obesity probe over CJL-1-14 in a fasting-refeeding in vivo paradigm...
January 27, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111807/refeeding-gastric-residuals-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#12
Mikael Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101704/molecular-cloning-and-gene-protein-expression-of-fat-cd36-from-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-and-the-regulation-of-its-expression-by-dietary-energy
#13
Juan Tian, Wei Liu, Weihua Gao, Fan Wu, Lijuan Yu, Xing Lu, Chang-Geng Yang, Ming Jiang, Hua Wen
Fatty acid translocase/cluster of differentiation 36 (FAT/CD36) functions as a membrane long-chain fatty acid transporter in various tissues in land animals. Not much is known about the CD36 molecule in teleost fish. Therefore, we studied CD36 in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella, ciCD36). The full-length complementary DNA sequence of ciCD36 was 1976 bp, with an ORF of 468 amino acids, which had high sequence similarity to the CD36 of common carp. The messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of ciCD36 was high in the intestine, heart, liver, visceral tissue, and brain, but absent in the kidney...
January 18, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092375/postprandial-macrophage-derived-il-1%C3%AE-stimulates-insulin-and-both-synergistically-promote-glucose-disposal-and-inflammation
#14
Erez Dror, Elise Dalmas, Daniel T Meier, Stephan Wueest, Julien Thévenet, Constanze Thienel, Katharina Timper, Thierry M Nordmann, Shuyang Traub, Friederike Schulze, Flurin Item, David Vallois, Francois Pattou, Julie Kerr-Conte, Vanessa Lavallard, Thierry Berney, Bernard Thorens, Daniel Konrad, Marianne Böni-Schnetzler, Marc Y Donath
The deleterious effect of chronic activation of the IL-1β system on type 2 diabetes and other metabolic diseases is well documented. However, a possible physiological role for IL-1β in glucose metabolism has remained unexplored. Here we found that feeding induced a physiological increase in the number of peritoneal macrophages that secreted IL-1β, in a glucose-dependent manner. Subsequently, IL-1β contributed to the postprandial stimulation of insulin secretion. Accordingly, lack of endogenous IL-1β signaling in mice during refeeding and obesity diminished the concentration of insulin in plasma...
January 16, 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089567/adipose-tissue-clk2-promotes-energy-expenditure-during-high-fat-diet-intermittent-fasting
#15
Maximilian Hatting, Amy K Rines, Chi Luo, Mitsuhisa Tabata, Kfir Sharabi, Jessica A Hall, Francisco Verdeguer, Christian Trautwein, Pere Puigserver
A promising approach to treating obesity is to increase diet-induced thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT), but the regulation of this process remains unclear. Here we find that CDC-like kinase 2 (CLK2) is expressed in BAT and upregulated upon refeeding. Mice lacking CLK2 in adipose tissue exhibit exacerbated obesity and decreased energy expenditure during high-fat diet intermittent fasting. Additionally, tissue oxygen consumption and protein levels of UCP1 are reduced in CLK2-deficient BAT. Phosphorylation of CREB, a transcriptional activator of UCP1, is markedly decreased in BAT cells lacking CLK2 due to enhanced CREB dephosphorylation...
February 7, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089565/fgf21-is-an-exocrine-pancreas-secretagogue
#16
Katie C Coate, Genaro Hernandez, Curtis A Thorne, Shengyi Sun, Thao D V Le, Kevin Vale, Steven A Kliewer, David J Mangelsdorf
The metabolic stress hormone FGF21 is highly expressed in exocrine pancreas, where its levels are increased by refeeding and chemically induced pancreatitis. However, its function in the exocrine pancreas remains unknown. Here, we show that FGF21 stimulates digestive enzyme secretion from pancreatic acinar cells through an autocrine/paracrine mechanism that requires signaling through a tyrosine kinase receptor complex composed of an FGF receptor and β-Klotho. Mice lacking FGF21 accumulate zymogen granules and are susceptible to pancreatic ER stress, an effect that is reversed by administration of recombinant FGF21...
February 7, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087222/revisiting-the-refeeding-syndrome-results-of-a-systematic-review
#17
Natalie Friedli, Zeno Stanga, Lubos Sobotka, Alison Culkin, Jens Kondrup, Alessandro Laviano, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
OBJECTIVE: Although described >70 y ago, the refeeding syndrome (RFS) remains understudied with lack of standardized definition and treatment recommendations. The aim of this systematic review was to gather evidence regarding standardized definition, incidence rate and time course of occurrence, association with adverse clinical outcomes, risk factors, and therapeutic strategies to prevent or treat this condition. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for interventional and observational clinical trials focusing on RFS, excluding case reports and reviews...
June 8, 2016: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087066/use-of-water-soluble-contrast-medium-gastrografin-does-not-decrease-the-need-for-operative-intervention-nor-the-duration-of-hospital-stay-in-uncomplicated-acute-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction
#18
Michel Scotté, Francois Mauvais, Michael Bubenheim, Cyril Cossé, Leslie Suaud, Celine Savoye-Collet, Isabelle Plenier, Aurelien Péquignot, Thierry Yzet, Jean Marc Regimbeau
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the association between oral gastrografin administration and the need for operative intervention in patients with presumed adhesive small bowel obstruction. METHODS: Between October 2006 and August 2009, 242 patients with uncomplicated acute adhesive small bowel obstruction were included in a randomized, controlled trial (the Adhesive Small Bowel Obstruction Study, NCT00389116) and allocated to a gastrografin arm or a saline solution arm...
January 10, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081252/corn-soy-blend-fortified-with-phosphorus-to-prevent-refeeding-hypophosphatemia-in-undernourished-piglets
#19
Anne-Louise Hother, Mikkel Lykke, Torben Martinussen, Hanne Damgaard Poulsen, Christian Mølgaard, Per Torp Sangild, André Briend, Christian Fink Hansen, Henrik Friis, Kim F Michaelsen, Thomas Thymann
BACKGROUND: Phosphorus (P) levels in refeeding diets are very important as undernourished children are at risk of hypophosphatemia during refeeding. For this reason, conventional corn-soy-blends (CSB) have been reformulated by the World Food Programme to obtain a mono-calcium-phosphate fortified product (CSB+) and a product further fortified with skim milk powder (CBS++). METHODS: Using a piglet model of undernourished children, we hypothesized that feeding of CSB+, CSB++ or CSB+ with added whey permeate (CSB+/wp) would help to prevent refeeding hypophosphatemia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073792/adult-parenteral-nutrition-in-the-north-of-england-a-region-wide-audit
#20
Jessica K Dyson, Nick Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is widely used to provide nutritional support to patients with inaccessible or inadequate length of gut or non-functioning gut. The objective was to compare practice in PN administration to results of the National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD) report, 'A Mixed Bag', and to establish whether good practice was being followed within this part of the UK. SETTING: Using the Northern Nutrition Network (NNN), we examined the care of adult patients receiving PN in all 10 secondary care hospitals in our region...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
72114
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"