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Echocardiography, congenital heart disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747850/imaging-right-left-ventricular-interactions
#1
REVIEW
Mark K Friedberg
The impact of one ventricle on the adjacent ventricle plays a key role in cardiac function. Ventricular-ventricular interactions are based on the arrangement in-series of the circulation and common pericardium, interventricular septum, and myocardial tracts. Imaging, in particular echocardiography, plays a central role in characterizing these interactions through geometric indices, septal configuration and motion, Doppler flow, timing of events in the ventricles and alterations in strain, remodeling, and diastolic filling with altered loading of the contralateral ventricle...
May 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737105/-analysis-of-pathogens-and-clinical-characteristics-in-157-cases-with-infective-endocarditis
#2
Fei-Fei Zhao, Yang Lu, Hui Ye, Ce-Jun Zhong, Liang Huang, Xiao-Ju Lü
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in culture-positive patients,so as to provide the evidences for reasonable diagnosis and treatment of IE. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 157 culture-positive IE cases,which were diagnosed according to modified Duke criteria for IE from Jan. 2008 to Aug. 2015. RESULTS: The average age of 157 cases of IE was 40.85 years. One hundred and one patients (64...
January 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731786/an-update-work-of-pulse-oximetry-screening-for-detecting-critical-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-newborn
#3
A Taksande, R Meshram, A Lohakare, S Purandare, U Biyani, J Vagha
Background: Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) is the commonest group of congenital malformations and affects 7-8 per 1000 live born newborns. Nevertheless, it is estimated that more than 50% of babies with undiagnosed CHD are not detected by routine neonatal cardiac examination. Aim: To find the incidence of CHD in newborns and to determine the accuracy of pulse oximetry for detecting clinically unrecognized critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in the newborns...
July 2017: Images in Paediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731120/clinical-and-echocardiographic-prevalence-and-detection-of-congenital-and-acquired-cardiac-abnormalities-in-girls-and-women-with-the-turner-syndrome
#4
Anji T Yetman, Lois Starr, Jennifer Sanmann, Megan Wilde, Mary Murray, Jonathan W Cramer
The prevalence of congenital and acquired heart disease in patients with the Turner syndrome (TS) is based on historic cohorts who underwent imaging before the advent of modern day echocardiography. Recent small studies suggest a higher prevalence of cardiac defects. We reviewed clinical and echocardiographic data on 564 girls and women with TS to assess the prevalence of cardiac defects. Echocardiographic review on a subset of this population was performed to assess for diagnostic limitations of echocardiography in assessing for congenital and acquired defects in this patient cohort...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720173/clinical-validation-and-assessment-of-aortic-hemodynamics-using-computational-fluid-dynamics-simulations-from-computed-tomography-angiography
#5
Yulei Zhu, Rui Chen, Yu-Hsiang Juan, He Li, Jingjing Wang, Zhuliang Yu, Hui Liu
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic information including peak systolic pressure (PSP) and peak systolic velocity (PSV) carry an important role in evaluation and diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD). Since MDCTA cannot evaluate hemodynamic information directly, the aim of this study is to provide a noninvasive method based on a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model, derived from multi-detector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) raw data, to analyze the aortic hemodynamics in infants with CHD, and validate these results against echocardiography and cardiac catheter measurements...
May 2, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716732/different-nuss-procedures-and-risk-management-for-pectus-excavatum-after-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#6
Chenghao Chen, Xiaofeng Li, Na Zhang, Jie Yu, Dong Yan, Changqi Xu, Qi Zeng, Zhongzhi Li
PURPOSE: In Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum (PE) after surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD), retrosternal adhesion may increase the risk of cardiac injury. This study aimed to explore different Nuss procedures and their implications for reducing the incidence of serious complications and improving surgical safety. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 49 cases (29 male and 20 female) of Nuss procedures for PE after surgery for CHD that were performed between April 2003 and December 2016...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716711/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-myocardial-scar-and-coronary-flow-pattern-in-anomalous-origin-of-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery
#7
Parag Bhalgat, Abhijeet Naik, Prasanna Salvi, Nilesh Bhadane, Kshiti Shah, Bhawan Paunipagar, Suresh Joshi
BACKGROUND: Anomalous origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a very rare congenital heart defect characterized by myocardial ischemia and ultimately scaring. The scar burden will determine eventual recovery of left ventricular function after corrective surgery. MATERIAL METHOD: All patients with proven diagnosis of ALCAPA and who underwent treatment at present centre were included. Detail echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) (delayed Gadolinium enhancement) was performed before and after surgery...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705358/abdominal-pain-of-cardiovascular-origin
#8
Pedro Epifânio, Maria Emanuel Amaral, Natália Noronha, Paula Martins, Dina Rodrigues, António Pires, Eduardo Castela
Infective endocarditis is a microbial infection of the endocardium and it is rare in the pediatric population. In children, congenital heart disease is one of the most important risk factors for developing infective endocarditis and can involve other structures in addition to cardiac valves. The prognosis is generally better than in other forms of endocarditis, although the average mortality rate in the pediatric population is 15-25%. Clinical manifestations can mimic other diseases such as meningitis and collagen-vascular disease or vasculitis...
April 25, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701398/trauma-an-unusual-cause-of-endocarditis
#9
Ana Braga, Marta Marques, Miguel Abecacis, José Pedro Neves
INTRODUCTION: Infective endocarditis (IE) remains a dangerous condition with considerable associated mortality. Usual risk factors for IE include the presence of a prosthetic heart valve, structural or congenital heart disease, intravenous drug use, and a recent history of invasive procedures. METHODS: The authors describe the case report of a patient with IE having trauma as an unusual risk factor. RESULTS: A 33-year old male patient was referred to our department due to infective endocarditis...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694994/predicting-the-future-delivery-room-planning-of-congenital-heart-disease-diagnosed-by-fetal-echocardiography
#10
Mary T Donofrio
Advances in prenatal imaging have improved the examination of the fetal cardiovascular system. Fetal echocardiography facilitates the prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) and through sequential examination, allows assessment of fetal cardiac hemodynamics, predicting the evolution of anatomical and functional cardiovascular abnormalities in utero and during the transition to a postnatal circulation at delivery. This approach allows detailed diagnosis with prenatal counseling and enables planning to define perinatal management, selecting the fetuses at a risk of postnatal hemodynamic instability who are likely to require a specialized delivery plan...
May 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693034/studying-the-determinant-factors-leading-to-congenital-heart-disease-in-newborns
#11
Mohammadhossein Arjmandnia, Mahsa Besharati, Sajad Rezvan
CONTEXT: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is an important cause of death during the 1st year of life and includes a special group of cardiac diseases that exist from birth. These conditions arise due to the abnormal development of an embryo's normal structures. AIMS: A case-control study was conducted to investigate the determinant factors leading to CHD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All newborns who have been diagnosed with CHD upon echocardiography in 2013 were considered as cases...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658867/repair-of-partial-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-a-rare-case-evaluated-by-multi-slice-computed-tomographic-angiography
#12
Yukun Cao, Tin Yang, Ma Hou, Hongcha Zhang, Xi Chen, Fe Zou
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is an uncommon congenital heart disease, which may be difficult to identify and often remains undiagnosed. Accurate diagnosis of major aortopulmonary collaterals and partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in patients with congenital heart disease is important but problematic. The goal of this publication is to present the diagnosis and surgical repair of this rare pathology in an eight-year-old boy. Atrial septal defect was found by echocardiography, but no anomalous pulmonary vein was found...
March 8, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657057/ventricular-efficiency-in-pregnant-women-with-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Jun Muneuchi, Keiko Yamasaki, Mamie Watanabe, Azusa Fukumitsu, Takeshi Kawakami, Hiromasa Nakahara, Kunitaka Joo
BACKGROUNDS: Pregnant women with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at risk of cardiovascular events during pregnancy as well as postpartum. The aim of our study is to address the feasibility of echocardiography-derived ventricular-arterial coupling during pregnancy and postpartum among women with CHD. METHODS: In 31 pregnant women with CHD, we performed serial echocardiography at the first and third trimesters, early and late postpartum. The indices of contractility (single-beat determined end-systolic elastance, Eesab ) and afterload (effective arterial elastance, Ea) were approximated on the basis of the systemic blood pressure and systemic ventricular volume...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642817/rheumatic-heart-disease-in-timor-leste-school-students-an-echocardiography-based-prevalence-study
#14
Kimberly Davis, Bo Remenyi, Anthony Dk Draper, Januario Dos Santos, Noel Bayley, Elizabeth Paratz, Benjamin Reeves, Alan Appelbe, Andrew Cochrane, Timothy D Johnson, Laura M Korte, Ivonia M Do Rosario, Inez T Da Silva Almeida, Kathryn V Roberts, Jonathan R Carapetis, Joshua R Francis
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in school-aged children and young people in Timor-Leste. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional survey. Echocardiography was performed by Australian cardiologists to determine the presence of RHD. Demographic data were also collected. Patients in whom RHD was detected were entered into a register to allow monitoring of adherence to secondary prophylaxis; the first dose of benzathine penicillin G (BPG) was administered on the day of screening...
April 16, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625576/skeletal-cardiac-and-respiratory-muscle-function-and-histopathology-in-the-p448lneo-mouse-model-of-fkrp-deficient-muscular-dystrophy
#15
Qing Yu, Melissa Morales, Ning Li, Alexander G Fritz, Ren Ruobing, Anthony Blaeser, Ershia Francois, Qi-Long Lu, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Christopher F Spurney
BACKGROUND: Fukutin-related protein (FKRP) mutations are the most common cause of dystroglycanopathies known to cause both limb girdle and congenital muscular dystrophy. The P448Lneo- mouse model has a knock-in mutation in the FKRP gene and develops skeletal, respiratory, and cardiac muscle disease. METHODS: We studied the natural history of the P448Lneo- mouse model over 9 months and the effects of twice weekly treadmill running. Forelimb and hindlimb grip strength (Columbus Instruments) and overall activity (Omnitech Electronics) assessed skeletal muscle function...
April 6, 2018: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605620/-incidence-and-evolution-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-spain-from-2003-until-2012
#16
Javier Pérez-Lescure Picarzo, Margarita Mosquera González, Pello Latasa Zamalloa, David Crespo Marcos
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Congenital heart disease (CHD) represents the most common congenital malformation. The objective of this study was to analyse the incidence of CHD in Spain, and it is the first nationwide study so far. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed in order to evaluate the incidence of CHD in Spain. The administrative database (minimum basic data set) from 2003 to 2012 was analysed in children less than one year old admitted to hospital with codes of CHD (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, clinical modification)...
March 29, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603310/fetal-intelligent-navigation-echocardiography-fine-detects-98-of-congenital-heart-disease
#17
Lami Yeo, Suchaya Luewan, Roberto Romero
OBJECTIVE: Fetal intelligent navigation echocardiography (FINE) is a novel method that automatically generates and displays 9 standard fetal echocardiographic views in normal hearts by applying intelligent navigation technology to spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) volume data sets. The main objective was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of FINE in the prenatal detection of congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in 50 fetuses with a broad spectrum of CHD (cases) and 100 fetuses with normal hearts (controls) in the second and third trimesters...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581714/congenital-left-ventricular-aneurysms-and-diverticula-an-entity-in-search-of-an-identity
#18
REVIEW
Marc-Alexander Ohlow
Congenital left ventricular aneurysm or diverticulum are rare cardiac malformations described in 809 cases since the first description in 1816, being associated with other cardiac, vascular or thoraco-abdominal abnormalities in about 70%. It appears to be a developmental anomaly, starting in the 4th embryonic week. In an experimental study, targeted knockdown of cardiac troponin T in the chick was performed at day 3, after the heart tube has formed. Morpholino treatment of gene TNNT2 at this stage led to the development of left ventricular diverticula (LVD) in the primitive left ventricular wall...
December 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573438/clinical-application-of-chromosomal-microarray-analysis-for-the-prenatal-diagnosis-of-chromosomal-abnormalities-and-copy-number-variations-in-fetuses-with-congenital-heart-disease
#19
Yu Xia, Yongchao Yang, Shufang Huang, Yueheng Wu, Ping Li, Jian Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine chromosomal abnormalities and copy number variations (CNVs) in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD) by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). METHODS: One hundred ten cases with CHD detected by prenatal echocardiography were enrolled in the study; 27 cases were simple CHDs and 83 were complex CHDs. CMA was performed on the Affymetrix CytoScan HD platform. All annotated CNVs were validated by qPCR. RESULTS: CMA identified 6 cases with chromosomal abnormalities, including 2 cases with trisomy 21, 2 cases with trisomy 18, 1 case with trisomy 13, and 1 unusual case of mosaic trisomy 21...
March 24, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560362/early-diagnosis-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-workers-role-of-standard-and-advanced-echocardiography
#20
REVIEW
Lidia Capotosto, Francesco Massoni, Simone De Sio, Serafino Ricci, Antonio Vitarelli
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) still remains the main cause of morbidity and mortality and consequently early diagnosis is of paramount importance. Working conditions can be regarded as an additional risk factor for CVD. Since different aspects of the job may affect vascular health differently, it is important to consider occupation from multiple perspectives to better assess occupational impacts on health. Standard echocardiography has several targets in the cardiac population, as the assessment of myocardial performance, valvular and/or congenital heart disease, and hemodynamics...
2018: BioMed Research International
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