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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776384/competence-of-mosquitoes-native-to-the-united-kingdom-to-support-replication-and-transmission-of-rift-valley-fever-virus
#1
Sarah Lumley, Luis M Hernández-Triana, Daniel L Horton, Maria Del Mar Fernández de Marco, Jolyon M Medlock, Roger Hewson, Anthony R Fooks, Nicholas Johnson
BACKGROUND: Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (RVFV) is a mosquito-borne arbovirus causing severe disease in humans and livestock. It is endemic in Africa and spread to the Arabian Peninsula in 2000 raising concerns it could emerge in Europe. The ability of temperate mosquitoes from the United Kingdom (UK) to support replication and transmission of RVFV is unknown. METHODS: In this study, two colonised lines of Culex pipiens, wild-caught Aedes detritus and Ae. rusticus from the UK were infected with pathogenic strains of RVFV to assess their vector competence...
May 18, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745218/functional-movement-screen-scores-in-a-group-of-division-ia-athletes
#2
Joshua M Miller, Kyle J Susa
BACKGROUND: To determine mean values of the Functional Movement Screen scores in Division IA collegiate athletes. METHODS: One hundred sixty-one Division I collegiate athletes were recruited to participate in the study. The Functional Movement Screen was performed during pre- participation screenings prior to the beginning of the season. All athletes performed all seven tests and clearing tests as part of their participation. All the athletes were injury free at the time of testing...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744245/reliability-of-passive-leg-raising-stroke-volume-variation-and-pulse-pressure-variation-to-predict-fluid-responsiveness-during-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation-after-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
Christoph Karl Hofer, Martin Geisen, Sonja Hartnack, Omer Dzemali, Michael Thomas Ganter, Andreas Zollinger
Objective: During assisted ventilation and spontaneous breathing, functional haemodynamic parameters, including stroke volume variation (SVV) and pulse pressure variation (PPV), are of limited value to predict fluid responsiveness, and the passive leg raising (PLR) manoeuvre has been advocated as a surrogate method. We aimed to study the predictive value of SVV, PPV and PLR for fluid responsiveness during weaning from mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery. Methods: Haemodynamic variables and fluid responsiveness were assessed in 34 patients...
April 2018: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743029/relationship-between-occlusal-force-and-falls-among-community-dwelling-elderly-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-correlative-study
#4
Maki Eto, Shinji Miyauchi
BACKGROUND: Falls may cause serious health conditions among older population. Fall-related physical factors are thought to be associated with occlusal conditions. However, few studies examined the relationship between occlusal force and falls. To identify the association between occlusal force and falls among community-dwelling elderly individuals in Japan, public health nurses conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study. METHODS: We performed extensive physical assessments of five items: maximum occlusal force, handgrip strength, maximal knee extensor strength, one-leg standing time with eyes open and body sway...
May 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742951/carotid-flow-as-a-surrogate-for-cardiac-output-measurement-in-hemodynamically-stable-participants
#5
Marian Sidor, Lalith Premachandra, Bishoy Hanna, Nanda Nair, Amit Misra
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of common carotid artery (CCA) blood flow can provide valuable information regarding the hemodynamic status of a patient. Utilizing ultrasound, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between cardiac output and different hemodynamic parameters in the CCA, namely systolic carotid flow (SCF), corrected flow time (CFT), and total carotid flow (TCF). METHODS: We studied a pilot sample of 20 healthy volunteers. Hemodynamic parameters were collected in the right CCA and the heart at rest (baseline), 1-leg compression, 2-leg compression, and passive leg raise...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730884/a-novel-integrated-quality-assurance-phantom-for-radiographic-and-non-radiographic-radiotherapy-localization-and-positioning-systems
#6
Amy S Yu, Tyler L Fowler, Piotr Dubrowski
PURPOSE: Various localization and positioning systems utilizing radiographic or non-radiographic methods have been developed to improve the accuracy of radiation treatment. Each quality assurance (QA) procedure requires its own phantom and is independent from each other, so the deviation between each system is unavailable. The purpose of this work is to develop and evaluate a single integrated QA phantom for different localization and positioning systems. METHODS: The integrated phantom was designed in 3D CAD software and 3D printed...
May 6, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729091/systemic-low-frequency-oscillations-observed-in-the-periphery-of-healthy-human-subjects
#7
Yingwei Li, Haibing Zhang, Meiling Yu, Weiwei Yu, Blaise deB Frederick, Yunjie Tong
This study investigated the relationships of systemic low-frequency oscillations (sLFOs) measured at different peripheral sites in resting state, during passive leg raising (PLR), and during a paced breathing (PB) test. Twenty-five healthy subjects (21 to 57 years old; males: 13 and females: 12) were recruited for these experiments. During the experiments, the fluctuations of oxyhemoglobin concentration were measured at six peripheral sites (left and right toes, fingertips, and earlobes) using a multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy instrument developed by our group...
May 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728410/what-is-the-normal-haemodynamic-response-to-passive-leg-raise-a-study-of-healthy-volunteers
#8
Mohammed H Elwan, Ashraf Roshdy, Joseph A Reynolds, Eman M Elsharkawy, Salah M Eltahan, Timothy J Coats
OBJECTIVE: Passive leg raise (PLR) is used as self-fluid challenge to optimise fluid therapy by predicting preload responsiveness. However, there remains uncertainty around the normal haemodynamic response to PLR with resulting difficulties in application and interpretation in emergency care. We aim to define the haemodynamic responses to PLR in spontaneously breathing volunteers using a non-invasive cardiac output monitor, thoracic electrical bioimpedance, TEB (PLR-TEB). METHODS: We recruited healthy volunteers aged 18 or above...
May 4, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721460/flexibility-responses-to-different-stretching-methods-in-young-elite-basketball-players
#9
Angela Notarnicola, Fabrizio Perroni, Alessio Campese, Giuseppe Maccagnano, Antonio Monno, Biagio Moretti, Silvio Tafuri
Introduction: The aims of study were: 1) to verify the effectiveness of different stretching methods and training; 2) to compare the effects with only training on the flexibility of joints in basketball players. Methods: 30 males basketball players (age: 17±1yrs; BMI: 23.4±3.1), divided into 2 groups (15 experimental group - EG - and 15 control group, CG), participated to study. EG performed 5 different stretching method: passive stretching, active stretching, postural protocol, PNF and dynamic stretching...
October 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716910/noninvasive-blood-pressure-monitoring-and-prediction-of-fluid-responsiveness-to-passive-leg-raising
#10
Joya D Pickett, Elizabeth Bridges, Patricia A Kritek, JoAnne D Whitney
BACKGROUND: Intravenous fluid boluses are administered to patients in shock to improve tissue hypoperfusion. However, fluid boluses result in clinically significant stroke volume increases in only about 50% of patients. Hemodynamic responses to passive leg raising measured with invasive and minimally invasive methods are accurate predictors of fluid responsiveness. However, few studies have used noninvasive blood pressure measurement to evaluate responses to passive leg raising. OBJECTIVE: To determine if passive leg raising-induced increases in pulse pressure or systolic blood pressure can be used to predict clinically significant increases in stroke volume index in healthy volunteers...
May 2018: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688463/influence-of-gait-on-bone-strength-in-turkeys-with-leg-defects
#11
E O Oviedo-Rondón, P L Mente, C Arellano, B D X Lascelles, A Mitchell
Leg problems have become more frequent in fast-growing turkeys. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of common leg defects on kinetic parameters of gait and biomechanical properties of bone. Nine hundred, day-old, male, Large White turkeys were raised in 48 floor pens. At 42 d of age, turkeys were divided into four categories of leg condition as determined by visual evaluation: Normal, Crooked toes, Shaky legs, and Valgus. Fifteen toms were selected from each group and trained to walk on a pressure sensitive walkway...
April 23, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680324/ultrasound-evaluation-of-the-abdominal-wall-and-lumbar-multifidus-muscles-in-participants-who-practice-pilates-a-1-year-follow-up-case-series
#12
Paula Gala-Alarcón, César Calvo-Lobo, Ana Serrano-Imedio, Alejandro Garrido-Marín, Patricia Martín-Casas, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe ultrasound (US) changes in muscle thickness produced during automatic activation of the transversus abdominis (TrAb), internal oblique (IO), external oblique (EO), and rectus abdominis (RA), as well as the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the lumbar multifidus (LM), after 1 year of Pilates practice. METHODS: A 1-year follow-up case series study with a convenience sample of 17 participants was performed. Indeed, TrAb, IO, EO, and RA thickness, as well as LM CSA changes during automatic tests were measured by US scanning before and after 1 year of Pilates practice twice per week...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672771/effects-of-subclinical-footpad-dermatitis-and-emotional-arousal-on-surface-foot-temperature-recorded-with-infrared-thermography-in-turkey-toms-meleagris-gallopavo
#13
R O Moe, J Bohlin, A Flø, G Vasdal, H Erlandsen, E Guneriussen, E C Sjökvist, S M Stubsjøen
Footpad dermatitis is a condition that causes lesions on the plantar surface of the footpads in growing turkeys. Potential inflammatory processes and pain associated with increasing severity of footpad dermatitis raise animal welfare concerns. This study investigated whether the temperature of the plantar surface of the foot (the footpads and the entire plantar foot including interdigital membranes) assessed with infrared thermography reflects severity of mild footpad dermatitis as assessed with a Visual Analogue Scale in 80 turkey toms at 10 weeks of age...
April 17, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628807/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-modified-bragard-test-in-patients-with-lumbosacral-radiculopathy-using-electrodiagnosis-as-a-reference-standard
#14
Kaynoosh Homayouni, Seyedeh Halimeh Jafari, Hossein Yari
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of a modified Bragard test compared with the straight leg raise (SLR) test in patients presenting with electrodiagnostic evidence of L5 and S1 nerve root compression. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 506 consecutive patients with signs and symptoms consistent with lumbosacral radiculopathy confirmed by electrodiagnostic study. Patients were evaluated from September 2013 to September 2015 in the physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic of Shahid Faghihi Teaching Hospital, Shiraz, Iran...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628803/lower-body-strength-training-versus-proprioceptive-exercises-on-vertical-jump-capacity-a-feasibility-study
#15
Charles Son, Adam Stewart, John Ward, Kimary Farrar
Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of completing a study comparing the impact of lower body strength training to proprioceptive exercises on vertical jump capacity. Methods: Thirty-nine college students (age 27.9 ± 6.4 y, height 1.69 ± 0.10 m, body mass 73.4 ± 15.9 kg: mean ± standard deviation) underwent baseline and post-testing of their vertical jump capacity using a Vertical Challenger and VICON motion analysis system. Participants were randomly assigned to 3 interventional groups between testing sessions: (1) lower body strength training, (2) lower body proprioceptive training, and (3) a no training control...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593182/high-defect-stage-contralateral-defects-and-poor-flexibility-are-negative-predictive-factors-of-bone-union-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes-with-spondylolysis
#16
Kazufumi Yamazaki, Shintaro Kota, Daisuke Oikawa, Yoshiji Suzuki
PURPOSE: To identify predisposition to spondylolysis and physical characteristics associated with "bone union" following conservative spondylolysis treatment among pediatric and adolescent athletes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed pediatric and adolescent athletes with spondylolysis who underwent conservative treatment and rehabilitation for three or more consecutive months following sports activity cessation. Patients with terminal spondylolysis or who did not discontinue sports activities were excluded...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533037/-clinical-effects-of-high-frequency-repeated-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-therapy-on-dyskinesia-in-patients-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis
#17
Zheng-Chao Gao, Bin-Bin Niu, Meng-Chao Gu, Yu-Huan Li, Jian-Tao Liu, Yi-Bin Wang, Xi-Jing He
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the clinical effect of high frequency repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation(HF rTMS)therapy on dyskinesia in patients with incomplete spinal cord injury. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) about HF rTMS therapy on patients with motor incomplete spinal cord injury were searched electronically in PubMed, Google scholar, Cochrane library, Clinical trial, Medline, Web of science, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang database before October 2016...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525200/early-clinical-results-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-assessed-with-the-25-question-geriatric-locomotive-function-scale-and-muscle-strength-testing
#18
Katsuhiko Maezawa, Masahiko Nozawa, Takahito Yuasa, Hironobu Sato, Motosi Gomi, Kazuo Kaneko
BACKGROUND: We think that it is necessary to evaluate whether the patient after total hip arthroplasty has achieved age-appropriate locomotor ability by improvement in hip joint function. The 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25) have been determined age-specific standard values for the general population. The aim of this study was to compare postoperative hip muscle strength and functional performance at 3 months after THA with preoperative levels, and to compare the outcomes at 3 months after THA with the function of age-matched adults without hip disease...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506842/evaluation-of-the-fluid-responsiveness-in-patients-with-septic-shock-by-ultrasound-plus-the-passive-leg-raising-test
#19
Jingyi Wu, Zhen Wang, Tao Wang, Tao Yu, Jing Yuan, Qingling Zhang, Weihua Lu, Xia Zhang
BACKGROUND: Prompt, accurate, and noninvasive prediction of fluid responsiveness is still lacking in intensive care unit. This study is to investigate the value of the Doppler ultrasound evaluation of variation in brachial artery peak velocity (VVpeakbrach ) and passive leg raising (PLR)-induced changes in the brachial artery peak velocity (ΔVpeakPLR ) in predicting the fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted involving 62 patients...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493472/-who-does-my-leg-belong-to-after-amputation-informed-consent-on-amputation-of-body-parts
#20
B Jansen, R I C Baart
In the Netherlands, when body parts are amputated as part of a medical procedure the patient's consent is required if this body part is used for, or subjected to, medical tests. The patient's consent is, however, rarely obtained, when body parts are discarded as 'pathological waste'. This can raise concerns, as patients have good reasons and distinct rights to demand a different fate, such as a burial or cremation, for their amputated limb. This article analyses the legal status of an amputated body part. We conclude that, legally, the amputated part does not belong to the hospital or doctor and can therefore not be disposed of at whim, in accordance with the hospital's wishes...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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