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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889119/determining-suitable-dimensions-for-dairy-goat-feeding-places-by-evaluating-body-posture-and-feeding-reach
#1
Nina M Keil, Marc Pommereau, Antonia Patt, Beat Wechsler, Lorenz Gygax
Confined goats spend a substantial part of the day feeding. A poorly designed feeding place increases the risk of feeding in nonphysiological body postures, and even injury. Scientifically validated information on suitable dimensions of feeding places for loose-housed goats is almost absent from the literature. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to determine feeding place dimensions that would allow goats to feed in a species-appropriate, relaxed body posture. A total of 27 goats with a height at the withers of 62 to 80 cm were included in the study...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858686/inter-rater-reliability-of-diagnostic-criteria-for-sacroiliac-joint-disc-and-facet-joint-pain
#2
Cornelis W J van Tilburg, Johannes G Groeneweg, Dirk L Stronks, Frank J P M Huygen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Several diagnostic criteria sets are described in the literature to identify low back pain subtypes, but very little is known about the inter-rater reliability of these criteria. We conducted a study to determine the reliability of diagnostic tests that point towards SI joint-, disc- or facet joint pain. METHODS: Inter-rater reliability study alongside three randomized clinical trials. Multidisciplinary pain center of general hospital. Patients aged 18 or more with medical history and physical examination suggestive of sacroiliac joint-, disc- and facet joint pain on lumbar level...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858374/prediction-of-fluid-responsiveness-an-update
#3
REVIEW
Xavier Monnet, Paul E Marik, Jean-Louis Teboul
In patients with acute circulatory failure, the decision to give fluids or not should not be taken lightly. The risk of overzealous fluid administration has been clearly established. Moreover, volume expansion does not always increase cardiac output as one expects. Thus, after the very initial phase and/or if fluid losses are not obvious, predicting fluid responsiveness should be the first step of fluid strategy. For this purpose, the central venous pressure as well as other "static" markers of preload has been used for decades, but they are not reliable...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836002/cardiac-dysfunction-induced-by-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation-incidence-risk-factors-and-effects-of-fluid-removal
#4
Jinglun Liu, Feng Shen, Jean-Louis Teboul, Nadia Anguel, Alexandra Beurton, Nadia Bezaz, Christian Richard, Xavier Monnet
BACKGROUND: Weaning-induced pulmonary oedema (WiPO) is a well-recognised cause of failure of weaning from mechanical ventilation, but its incidence and risk factors have not been reliably described. We wanted to determine the incidence and risk factors in a population of critically ill patients. In addition, we wanted to describe the effects of diuretics when they are administered in this context. METHODS: We monitored 283 consecutive spontaneous breathing trials (SBT; T-piece trial) performed in 81 patients...
November 12, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792115/stand-alone-lateral-recess-decompression-without-discectomy-in-patients-presenting-with-claudicant-radicular-pain-and-mri-evidence-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-prospective-study
#5
Arvind G Kulkarni, Ravish Patel, Shumayou Dutta, Vishwanath Patil
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcomes of stand-alone lateral recess decompression without discectomy in patients with claudicant radicular pain and MRI showing LRS (lateral recess stenosis) with lumbar disc herniation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Discectomy is the gold standard treatment for symptomatic lumbar disc herniations refractory to conservative care. Typically patients with positive SLR (Straight leg raising test) and flexion dominant leg pain are the ideal candidates who can be benefited from discectomy...
October 25, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790553/efficacy-of-platelet-rich-plasma-via-lumbar-epidural-route-in-chronic-prolapsed-intervertebral-disc-patients-a-pilot-study
#6
Rohan Bhatia, Gaurav Chopra
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar radiculopathy is a major health problem often treated by surgery or guided lumbar epidural steroids for pain relief. We have used Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) a novel therapeutic tool of autologous nature that has emerged strongly in recent years to treat patients of prolapsed intervertebral disc. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of PRP via interlaminar epidural route in treatment of pain in patients with prolapsed inter vertebral disc. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients were injected with five ml of autologous platelet rich plasma under fluoroscopic guidance via interlaminar lumbar epidural injection into area of affected nerve root...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787764/a-magnetically-actuated-anchoring-system-for-a-wireless-endoscopic-capsule
#7
Hao Zhou, Gursel Alici, Fredy Munoz
In this study, we propose a new magnetically actuated anchoring system for wireless capsule endoscopes (WCE) by employing the principle of a switchable magnetic spring. A force model is derived to predict the magnetic force needed to support the interaction between the anchors and the intestinal lumen. The theoretical and experimental analysis conducted shows that the magnetic spring is capable of providing the force needed to activate the anchoring mechanism, which consists of four foldable legs. A prototype capsule with a size comparable with the size of a commercial WCE was designed, fabricated, and tested...
December 2016: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746559/a-comparative-study-of-continuous-versus-pulsed-radiofrequency-discectomy-for-management-of-low-backache-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#8
Bhagya Ranjan Jena, Anil Paswan, Yashpal Singh, Sandeep Loha, Anil Prasad Singh, Virendra Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) is a minimally invasive target-selective technique that has been used with success for many years in the treatment of different pathologies, such as low back pain, trigeminal neuralgia, and others. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare different mode of RF - continuous RF (CRF) versus pulsed RF (PRF) along with steroid in the management of low back pain of discogenic origin. SETTING AND DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind trial...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721980/fluid-responsiveness-prediction-using-vigileo-flotrac-measured-cardiac-output-changes-during-passive-leg-raise-test
#9
Anton Krige, Martin Bland, Thomas Fanshawe
BACKGROUND: Passive leg raising (PLR) is a so called self-volume challenge used to test for fluid responsiveness. Changes in cardiac output (CO) or stroke volume (SV) measured during PLR are used to predict the need for subsequent fluid loading. This requires a device that can measure CO changes rapidly. The Vigileo™ monitor, using third-generation software, allows continuous CO monitoring. The aim of this study was to compare changes in CO (measured with the Vigileo device) during a PLR manoeuvre to calculate the accuracy for predicting fluid responsiveness...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717320/the-relevance-of-nerve-mobility-on-function-and-activity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Petra Marsico, Amir Tal-Akabi, Hubertus J A van Hedel
BACKGROUND: In children with cerebral palsy (CP), stiffness, caused by contractile and non-contractile structures, can influence motor performance. This study sought to determine whether the nerve mobility had a relevant impact on motor performance in children with CP. We hypothesized that a positive Straight Leg Raise (SLR) test, as well as smaller SLR hip angle, would relate to lower leg muscle strength, reduced motor capacity and less motor performance in children with CP. METHODS: We applied a cross-sectional analysis on data including SLR, leg muscle strength, Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66) and number of activity counts during daily life from thirty children with CP (6-18 years)...
October 7, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673307/will-this-hemodynamically-unstable-patient-respond-to-a-bolus-of-intravenous-fluids
#11
Peter Bentzer, Donald E Griesdale, John Boyd, Kelly MacLean, Demetrios Sirounis, Najib T Ayas
IMPORTANCE: Fluid overload occurring as a consequence of overly aggressive fluid resuscitation may adversely affect outcome in hemodynamically unstable critically ill patients. Therefore, following the initial fluid resuscitation, it is important to identify which patients will benefit from further fluid administration. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of fluid responsiveness in hemodynamically unstable patients with signs of inadequate organ perfusion. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: Search of MEDLINE and EMBASE (1966 to June 2016) and reference lists from retrieved articles, previous reviews, and physical examination textbooks for studies that evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of tests to predict fluid responsiveness in hemodynamically unstable adult patients who were defined as having refractory hypotension, signs of organ hypoperfusion, or both...
September 27, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634073/leg-raise-increases-pressure-in-lower-and-upper-esophageal-sphincter-among-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#12
P Bitnar, J Stovicek, R Andel, J Arlt, M Arltova, M Smejkal, P Kolar, A Kobesova
The purpose of this study was to determine the relation between posturally increased intra-abdominal pressure and lower/upper esophageal sphincter pressure changes in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. We used high resolution manometry to measure pressure changes in lower and upper esophageal sphincter during bilateral leg rise. We also examined whether the rate of lower and upper esophageal sphincter pressure would increase during leg raise differentially in individuals with versus without normal resting pressure...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632868/associations-between-functional-and-isolated-performance-measures-in-collegiate-women-s-soccer-players
#13
Ryan S McCann, Kyle B Kosik, Masafumi Terada, Megan Q Beard, Gretchen E Buskirk, Phillip A Gribble
CONTEXT: The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and Functional Movement Screen (FMS) are functional performance measures capable of predicting lower extremity injury risk. While suboptimal SEBT and FMS performances are influenced by multiple factors, the contribution of hip strength and flexibility to these tests is mostly unknown. Examination of hip strength and flexibility influences on the SEBT and FMS may direct clinicians to better methods of correcting functional deficits. OBJECTIVE: Determine the relationships of isometric hip strength and hip passive range of motion (PROM) with functional performance measures...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601786/physical-performance-of-elite-and-subelite-spanish-female-futsal-players
#14
D J Ramos-Campo, J A Rubio-Arias, M Carrasco-Poyatos, P E Alcaraz
The aim of this study was to determine the parameters distinguishing top female futsal players from lower level players. Twenty-seven female futsal players participated in the study, composed of professional first division (elite; n = 15) players and semi-professional second division players (sub-elite; n = 14). Active and passive straight leg raise tests, isokinetic strength of the knee extensor and flexor muscles at 60° · s(-1) angular velocity, squat and counter movement jumps, 30 m sprint, 30 m agility, repeated sprint ability test and maximum ball speed during shooting were measured...
September 2016: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586001/computational-investigation-of-the-effects-of-knee-airbag-design-on-the-interaction-with-occupant-lower-extremity-in-frontal-and-oblique-impacts
#15
Bingbing Nie, Jeff R Crandall, Matthew B Panzer
ABSTRACTS Objective The lower extremity of the occupant represents the most frequently injured body region in motor vehicle crashes. Knee airbags (KABs) have been implemented as potential countermeasure to reduce lower extremity injuries. Despite the increasing prevalence of KABs in vehicles, the biomechanical interaction of the human lower extremity with the KAB has not been well characterized. This study uses computational models of the human body and knee airbags to explore how KAB design may influence the impact response of the occupant's lower extremities...
September 2, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531528/high-prevalence-of-dysfunctional-asymmetrical-and-painful-movement-in-elite-junior-australian-football-players-assessed-using-the-functional-movement-screen
#16
Joel T Fuller, Samuel Chalmers, Thomas A Debenedictis, Samuel Townsley, Matthew Lynagh, Cara Gleeson, Andrew Zacharia, Stuart Thomson, Mary Magarey
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of dysfunctional, asymmetrical, and painful movement in junior Australian Football players using the Functional Movement Screen (FMS). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Elite junior male Australian Football players (n=301) aged 15-18 years completed pre-season FMS testing. The FMS consists of 7 sub-tests: deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, trunk stability push-up (TSPU) and rotary stability...
May 21, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512272/differences-in-performance-on-the-functional-movement-screen-between-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-and-healthy-control-subjects
#17
Min-Joo Ko, Kyung-Hee Noh, Min-Hyeok Kang, Jae-Seop Oh
[Purpose] Differences in scores on the Functional Movement Screen between patients with chronic lower back pain and healthy control subjects were investigated. [Subjects and Methods] In all, 20 chronic lower back pain patients and 20 healthy control subjects were recruited. Chronic lower back pain patients and healthy controls performed the Functional Movement Screen (deep squat, hurdle step, inline lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, trunk stability pushup, and rotary stability). The Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze differences in Functional Movement Screen scores between the two groups...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504619/normal-multiplanar-movement-of-the-spinal-cord-during-unilateral-and-bilateral-straight-leg-raise-quantification-mechanisms-and-overview
#18
Marinko Rade, Michael Shacklock, Mervi Könönen, Jarkko Marttila, Ritva Vanninen, Markku Kankaanpää, Olavi Airaksinen
The purpose of this investigation was to provide a full set of normal data describing neural biomechanics within the vertebral canal in all three planes with unilateral and bilateral SLR tests to allow for clinical comparison with clinical cases. This is done following the notion that, due to neural continuum, tensile forces are transmitted through the lumbosacral nerve roots and dura to the conus medullaris (linear dependency principle). In this controlled radiologic study 10 asymptomatic volunteers were scanned with 1...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472859/acute-effect-of-different-time-periods-of-passive-static-stretching-on-the-hamstring-flexibility
#19
Anelize Cini, Gabriela Souza de Vasconcelos, Claudia Silveira Lima
BACKGROUND: Several factors are associated with the presence of chronic low back pain; one of them is the flexibility of the hamstring muscles that influences the posture of the pelvic spine. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the influence of two different time periods of passive static stretching on the flexibility of the hamstring. METHODS: Forty-six physiotherapy students were divided into two groups performing stretching exercises: 30 s and 60 s duration...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468122/the-tale-of-the-shrinking-weapon-seasonal-changes-in-nutrition-affect-weapon-size-and-sexual-dimorphism-but-not-contemporary-evolution
#20
Christine W Miller, Grant C McDonald, Allen J Moore
Sexually-selected traits are often highly variable in size within populations due to their close link with the physical condition of individuals. Nutrition has a large impact on physical condition, and thus any seasonal changes in nutritional quality are predicted to alter the average size of sexually-selected traits as well as the degree of sexual dimorphism in populations. However, while traits affected by mate choice are well-studied, we have a surprising lack of knowledge of how natural variation in nutrition affects the expression of sexually-selected weapons and sexual dimorphism...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
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