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Estrogen receptor beta

Gong Deuk Bae, Eun-Young Park, Dong Jae Baek, Hee-Sook Jun, Oh Yoon Sin
Liquiritigenin (LQ) is a major active component of licorice root, which is a flavone used for treating many diseases, including diabetes. LQ has been shown to exhibit a glucose-lowering effect in diabetic mice. Therefore, we investigated the potential of LQ to protect against lipotoxicity-induced beta-cell apoptosis and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Exposure of INS-1 rat insulinoma cells to LQ significantly increased cell viability and blocked palmitate (PA)-induced apoptosis, as evidenced by the reduction of Annexin-V-stained cells, cleaved caspase-3 levels, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity, as well as upregulation of Bcl-2 expression...
February 27, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Hanliang He, Chunqing Wang, Qifeng Tang, Fan Yang, Youjia Xu
Estrogen can affect the cartilage development of zebrafish; however, the mechanism underlying its effects is not completely understood. Four-day-old zebrafish larvae were treated with 0.8 μM estrogen, the 5 days post fertilization (dpf) zebrafish larvae did not demonstrate obvious abnormalities during development; however, the 6 dpf and 7 dpf larvae exhibited abnormal craniofacial bone development along with craniofacial bone degradation. RNA deep sequencing was performed to elucidate the mechanism involved...
February 27, 2018: Toxicology Letters
José M Guzmán, J Adam Luckenbach, Denis A M da Silva, Edward S Hayman, Gina M Ylitalo, Frederick W Goetz, Penny Swanson
Pituitary-hormone signaling plays critical roles in the onset and progression of gametogenesis in vertebrates. This study characterized expression patterns of pituitary gonadotropin beta-subunits (fshb and lhb), brain-type aromatase (cyp19a1b), androgen (ar1, ar2) and estrogen receptors (esr1, esr2a, esr2b), and changes in plasma steroid levels by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry in wild sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria, order Scorpaeniformes) during a complete reproductive cycle. Transcripts for fshb increased during early gametogenesis and peaked in late vitellogenic females and late recrudescent males, while expression of lhb reached maximum levels in periovulatory and spermiating fish...
February 26, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
Zhenwei Han, Yong Zhang, Yin Sun, Jiaqi Chen, Chawnshang Chang, Xiaolu Wang, Shuyuan Yeh
Early studies have indicated that estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) can influence the progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Here we report the mechanistic details of ERβ-mediated progression of ccRCC. ERβ increased ccRCC cell invasion via suppression of circular RNA ATP2B1 (circATP2B1) expression by binding directly to the 5' promoter region of its host gene ATPase plasma membrane Ca2+ transporting 1 (ATP2B1). ERβ-suppressed circATP2B1 then led to reduced miR-204-3p, which increased fibronectin 1 (FN1) expression and enhanced ccRCC cell invasion...
February 28, 2018: Cancer Research
Ana Cicvaric, Jiaye Yang, Tanja Bulat, Alice Zambon, Manuel Dominguez-Rodriguez, Rebekka Kühn, Michael G Sadowicz, Anjana Siwert, Joaquim Egea, Daniela D Pollak, Thomas Moeslinger, Francisco J Monje
The Fibronectin Leucine-Rich Transmembrane protein 2 (FLRT2) has been implicated in several hormone -and sex-dependent physiological and pathological processes (including chondrogenesis, menarche and breast cancer); is known to regulate developmental synapses formation, and is expressed in the hippocampus, a brain structure central for learning and memory. However, the role of FLRT2 in the adult hippocampus and its relevance in sex-dependent brain functions remains unknown. We here used adult single-allele FLRT2 knockout (FLRT2+/- ) mice and behavioral, electrophysiological, and molecular/biological assays to examine the effects of FLRT2 haplodeficiency on synaptic plasticity and hippocampus-dependent learning and memory...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
A O Adebayo, A K Akinloye, A O Ihunwo, V O Taiwo, B O Oke
The excurrent duct, which plays vital roles in the reproductive biology of all male mammals, shows some structural variations among different species. Some hormones such as testosterone, estrogen and progesterone, through their different receptors, have been known to be involved in the normal functioning of the excurrent duct. Here we evaluated the presence, localization and patterns of distribution of three hormone receptors, estrogen alpha (ERα), estrogen beta (ERβ) receptors and progesterone receptors (PR) along the excurrent duct of sexually matured male greater cane rats...
December 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
Lei Lei, Yuanjie Mao
The common ultimate pathological feature for all cardiovascular diseases, congestive heart failure (CHF), is now considered as one of the main public health burdens that is associated with grave implications. Neurohormonal systems play a critical role in cardiovascular homeostasis, pathophysiology, and cardiovascular diseases. Hormone treatments such as the newly invented dual-acting drug valsartan/sacubitril are promising candidates for CHF, in addition to the conventional medications encompassing beta receptor blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Pardes Habib, Daniela Dreymueller, Benjamin Rösing, Hannes Botung, Alexander Slowik, Adib Zendedel, Shahin Habib, Stefanie Hoffmann, Cordian Beyer
Estrogens modulate the immune system and possess anti-inflammatory properties. In line, immune cells express a variety of estrogen receptors (ER) including ER-alpha and -beta. In the present study, we examined the influence of 17beta-estradiol (E2) serum concentrations on blood leukocyte composition and their ex vivo polarization/activation status by FACS analysis in sub-fertile human females under controlled ovarian stimulation (COS). Using a set of cell-type and polarization-specific markers, we demonstrate that increased 17ß-estradiol (E2) serum concentrations yield an overall increase in leukocytes, neutrophils and monocytes but decreased lymphocytes...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Edwin D Lephart
Estrogens are known to have protective and favorable influences on skin health; conversely, androgens oppose the actions of estrogens. Estrogen's chemical messages are transmitted via the classical nuclear hormone estrogen receptors (ER) alpha and beta and the rapid-acting G-coupled membrane estrogen receptor. Androgens [both testosterone and 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT)] bind the same androgen receptor. Estrogen levels peak in the mid- to late 20s in women and then decline by 50% by 50 years of age and dramatically decrease further after menopause...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Amanda Crider, Tyler Nelson, Talisha Davis, Kiley Fagan, Kumar Vaibhav, Matthew Luo, Sunay Kamalasanan, Alvin V Terry, Anilkumar Pillai
Impaired social interaction is a key feature of several major psychiatric disorders including depression, autism, and schizophrenia. While, anatomically, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is known as a key regulator of social behavior, little is known about the cellular mechanisms that underlie impairments of social interaction. One etiological mechanism implicated in the pathophysiology of the aforementioned psychiatric disorders is cellular stress and consequent adaptive responses in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that can result from a variety of environmental and physical factors...
February 12, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Giulia Pinton, Stefan Nilsson, Laura Moro
Estrogen receptor (ER) β has growth inhibitory and chemo drug potentiating effect on ovarian cancer cells. We studied the dependence of ERβ function on the presence of KDM6B and SIRT1 in human ovarian cancer cells in vitro. Activation of ERβ with the subtype-selective agonist KB9520 resulted in significant inhibition of human ovarian cancer cell growth. KB9520-activated ERβ had an additive effect on growth inhibition in combination with cisplatin and paclitaxel, respectively. Loss of KDM6B expression had a negative effect on ERβ function as a ligand-dependent inhibitor of ovarian cancer cell growth...
February 9, 2018: Oncogenesis
Haiyang Fu, Jianhua Sun, Yong Tan, Huifang Zhou, Wanli Xu, Junling Zhou, Dong Chen, Cong Zhang, Xuanxuan Zhu, Ying Zhang, Xiaoliang Wu, Zhaoqing Xi
AIMS: Acupuncture is frequently recommended as a complementary therapy for infertility. However, whether acupuncture can prevent early ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome has not been examined and its potential mechanisms are not well understood. MAIN METHODS: Forty rats were randomized into four groups: Control, Ovarian Stimulation Model, Acupuncture, and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG). Serum estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
February 5, 2018: Life Sciences
C J Gu, Q Jin, G Liu, K Ni, Q C Ni
Objective: To explore the expression of latent transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta binding protein 2 (LTBP2) in breast cancer and its clinical significance. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of LTBP2 in 125 cases of breast cancer tissue and normal breast tissue. Relationship between the expression of LTBP2 and estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), Ki67, and its relationship with clinicopathological parameters of breast cancer were analyzed...
January 23, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Abbas Agaimy, Evgeny A Moskalev, Wera Weisser, Thorsten Bach, Florian Haller, Arndt Hartmann
Tumors with Müllerian-like serous or mucinous phenotypes originating in the testis and its adnexa are rare neoplasms that have been increasingly recognized in recent years. Cystadenomas with or without ovarian-type stroma, borderline tumors, and adenocarcinomas are the main documented types. Although a handful cases of putative endometrioid adenocarcinomas have been reported, to our knowledge no case of endometrial stromal-type neoplasm has ever been reported in the literature. A 59-year-old man presented with a 2 cm left intrascrotal mass that was found on sonographic examination to arise from the epididymal tail with prominent vascularization...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Zhenqi Zhou, Vicent Ribas, Prashant Rajbhandari, Brian G Drew, Timothy M Moore, Amy H Fluitt, Britany R Reddish, Kate A Whitney, Senta Georgia, Laurent Vergnes, Karen Reue, Marc Liesa, Orian Shirihai, Alexander M van der Bliek, Nai-Wen Chi, Sushil K Mahata, Joseph P Tiano, Sylvia C Hewitt, Peter Tontonoz, Kenneth S Korach, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis, Andrea L Hevener
Estrogen receptoralpha (ERalpha) action plays an important role in pancreatic β-cell function and survival; thus, it is considered a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in women. However, the mechanisms underlying the protective effects of ERalpha remain unclear. Because ERalpha regulates mitochondrial metabolism in other cell types, we hypothesized that ERalpha may act to preserve insulin secretion and promote beta-cell survival by regulating mitochondrial-endoplasmic reticulum (EndoRetic) function...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Qiong-Ni Zhu, Helen Renaud, Ying Guo
Background: Tamoxifen is the first-line hormone therapy for estrogen receptor alpha positive (ERα+) breast cancer. However, about 40% of patients with ERα + breast cancer who receive tamoxifen therapy eventually develop resistance resulting in a poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to mine available data sets in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, including in vitro (cell lines) and in vivo (tissue samples), and to identify all miRNAs associated with tamoxifen resistance (TamR) in breast cancer...
2018: Hereditas
Päivi Järvensivu, Taija Heinosalo, Janne Hakkarainen, Pauliina Kronqvist, Niina Saarinen, Matti Poutanen
Hydroxysteroid (17-beta) dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD17B1) converts low active estrogen estrone to highly active estradiol. Estradiol is necessary for normal postpubertal mammary gland development; however, elevated estradiol levels increase mammary tumorigenesis. To investigate the significance of the human HSD17B1 enzyme in the mammary gland, transgenic mice universally overexpressing human HSD17B1 were used (HSD17B1TG mice). Mammary glands obtained from HSD17B1TG females at different ages were investigated for morphology and histology, and HSD17B1 activity and estrogen receptor activation in mammary gland tissue were assessed...
January 25, 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
Thea M Edwards, Howard E Morgan, Coralia Balasca, Naveen K Chalasani, Lauren Yam, Alison M Roark
The Yeast Estrogen Screen (YES) is used to detect estrogenic ligands in environmental samples and has been broadly applied in studies of endocrine disruption. Estrogenic ligands include both natural and manmade "Environmental Estrogens" (EEs) found in many consumer goods including Personal Care Products (PCPs), plastics, pesticides, and foods. EEs disrupt hormone signaling in humans and other animals, potentially reducing fertility and increasing disease risk. Despite the importance of EEs and other Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) to public health, endocrine disruption is not typically included in undergraduate curricula...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Jia-Jie Shi, Si-Meng Chen, Chen-Liang Guo, Yi-Xue Li, Jian Ding, Ling-Hua Meng
Tamoxifen, an important endocrine therapeutic agent, is widely used for the treatment of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer. However, de novo or acquired resistance prevents patients from benefitting from endocrine approaches and necessitates alternative treatments. In this study, we report that small heat protein beta-8 (HSPB8) may serve as an important molecule in tamoxifen resistance. HSPB8 expression is enhanced in MCF-7 cells resistant to tamoxifen (MCF-7/R) compared to parent cells. Moreover, high expression of HSPB8 associates with poor prognosis in ER+ breast cancer patients but not in patients without classification...
January 18, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Rafael de Souza Silva, Ana Paola G Lombardi, Deborah Simão de Souza, Carolina M Vicente, Catarina S Porto
The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of the activation of estrogen receptors on expression and localization of N-cadherin, E-cadherin and non-phosphorylated β-catenin in androgen-independent prostate cancer cells (PC-3 and DU-145) and in human post pubertal prostate epithelial cells (PNT1A). Expression of N-cadherin was detected in PNT1A and PC-3 cells, but not in DU-145 cells. E-cadherin was detected only in DU-145 cells and β-catenin was detected in all cells studied. N-cadherin and β-catenin were located preferentially in the cellular membrane of PNT1A cells and in the cytoplasm of PC-3 cells...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
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