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Estrogen receptor beta

Linlu Zhao, Darren M Roffey, Suzan Chen
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To assess and synthesize the current evidence on the association between the rs1256120 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the estrogen receptor beta gene (ESR2) and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hormonal disturbance has been postulated as a potential etiological factor in the development of AIS. As estrogen receptors are important mediators of estrogen response, mutations in these genes, including rs1256120 of ESR2, have been chosen as susceptibility candidates for AIS predisposition...
October 17, 2016: Spine
C Du, Y Xu, K Yang, S Chen, X Wang, S Wang, C Wang, M Shen, F Chen, M Chen, D Zeng, F Li, T Wang, F Wang, J Zhao, G Ai, T Cheng, Y Su, J Wang
Estrogen is reported to be involved in thrombopoiesis and the disruption of its signaling may cause myeloproliferative disease, yet the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. GATA-binding factor 1 (GATA1) is a key regulator of megakaryocyte differentiation and its deficiency will lead to megakaryoblastic leukemia. Here, we show that estrogen can dose-dependently promote megakaryocyte polyploidization and maturation via activation of estrogen receptor beta (ERβ), accompanied by a significant up-regulation of GATA1...
October 17, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Erin Jo Tiedeken, Alexandre Tahar, Brendan McHugh, Neil J Rowan
Pollution of European receiving waters with contaminants of emerging concern (CECs), such as with 17-beta-estradiol (a natural estrogenic hormone, E2), along with pharmaceutically-active compounds diclofenac (an anti-inflammatory drug, DCL) and 17-alpha-ethynylestradiol (a synthetic estrogenic hormone, EE2)) is a ubiquitous phenomenon. These three CECs were added to the EU watch list of emerging substances to be monitoring in 2013, which was updated in 2015 to comprise 10 substances/groups of substances in the field of water policy...
October 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Shigeru Yonekubo, Nobuhiko Fushimi, Takashi Miyagi, Osamu Nakanishi, Kenji Katsuno, Motoyasu Ozawa, Chiaki Handa, Noritaka Furuya, Hideyuki Muranaka
The estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) selective agonist is considered a promising candidate for the treatment of estrogen deficiency symptoms in ERβ-expressing tissues, without the risk of breast cancer, and multiple classes of compounds have been reported as ERβ selective agonists. Among them, 6-6 bicyclic ring-containing structures (e.g., isoflavone phytoestrogens) are regarded as one of the cyclized analogues of isobutestrol 5b, and suggest that other cyclized scaffolds comprising 5-6 bicyclic rings could also act as selective ERβ ligands...
September 20, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Weam W Ibrahim, Marwa M Safar, Mahmoud M Khattab, Azza M Agha
The prevalence or recurrence of depression is seriously increased in women during the transition to and after menopause. The chronic hypo-estrogenic state of menopause may reduce the response to antidepressants; however the influence of estrogen therapy on their efficacy is still controversial. This study aimed at investigating the effects of combining escitalopram with 17β-estradiol on depression and cognitive impairment induced by ovariectomy, an experimental model of human menopause. Young adult female Wistar rats were subjected to either sham operation or ovariectomy...
September 26, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Aurèle Besse-Patin, Mélissa Léveillé, Daniel Oropeza, Bich N Nguyen, Annick Prat, Jennifer L Estall
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Inefficient fatty acid oxidation in mitochondria and increased oxidative damage are features of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In rodent models and patients with NAFLD, hepatic expression of PPARG coactivator 1 alpha (PPARGC1A or PGC1A) is inversely correlated with liver fat and disease severity. A common polymorphism in this gene (rs8192678, encoding Gly482Ser) has been associated with NAFLD. We investigated whether reduced expression of PGC1A contributes to development of NAFLD using mouse models, primary hepatocytes and human cell lines...
September 19, 2016: Gastroenterology
María F Andreoli, Cora Stoker, María F Rossetti, Gisela P Lazzarino, Enrique H Luque, Jorge G Ramos
Removing dietary phytoestrogens causes obesity and diabetes in adult male rats. Based on the facts that hypothalamic food intake control is disrupted in phytoestrogen-deprived animals and that several steroids affect food intake, we hypothesized that phytoestrogen withdrawal alters the expression of hypothalamic steroidogenic enzymes. Male Wistar rats fed with a high-phytoestrogen diet from conception to adulthood were subjected to phytoestrogen withdrawal by feeding them a low-phytoestrogen diet or a high-phytoestrogen, high-fat diet...
September 2016: Nutrition Research
Karin Fehsel, Tamara Schikowski, Michaela Jänner, Anke Hüls, Mohammed Voussoughi, Thomas Schulte, Andrea Vierkötter, Tom Teichert, Christian Herder, Dorothea Sugiri, Ursula Krämer, Christian Luckhaus
Genetic and environmental risk factors contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's dementia. Besides known genetic risk factors like the apolipoprotein (APO) Eε4 allele, single nuclear polymorphisms (SNPs) of the estrogen receptors (ESRs) are candidate genetic risk factors, while air pollution represents an environmental risk factor for dementia. Effects of these risk factors and their interaction were investigated in the SALIA cohort of 834 non-demented elderly women. Cognitive function was assessed by the CERAD-plus test battery...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
Cléciton Braga Tavares, Francisca das Chagas Sheyla Almeida Gomes-Braga, Danylo Rafhael Costa-Silva, Carla Solange Escórcio-Dourado, Umbelina Soares Borges, Airton Mendes Conde-Junior, Maria da Conceição Barros-Oliveira, Emerson Brandão Sousa, Lorena da Rocha Barros, Luana Mota Martins, Gil Facina, Benedito Borges da-Silva
Gliomas are the most common type of primary central nervous system neoplasm. Astrocytomas are the most prevalent type of glioma and these tumors may be influenced by sex steroid hormones. A literature review for the presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors in astrocytomas was conducted in the PubMed database using the following MeSH terms: "estrogen receptor beta" OR "estrogen receptor alpha" OR "estrogen receptor antagonists" OR "progesterone receptors" OR "astrocytoma" OR "glioma" OR "glioblastoma"...
August 2016: Clinics
Sandra L Gray, Brett R Lackey, William R Boone
BACKGROUND: Estrogen signaling pathways are modulated by exogenous factors. Panax ginseng exerts multiple activities in biological systems and is classified as an adaptogen. Zearalenol is a potent mycoestrogen that may be present in herbs and crops arising from contamination or endophytic association. The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of P. ginseng, zearalenol and estradiol in tests on spermatozoal function. METHODS: The affinity of these compounds for estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha and beta (ERα and ERβ)-was assessed in receptor binding assays...
July 2016: Journal of Ginseng Research
Panida Loutchanwoot, Tina Vortherms, Hubertus Jarry
AIMS: Previous research has revealed that puerarin, the major phytoestrogen in tuberous roots of Pueraria lobota and Pueraria mirifica, acts as a selective estrogen receptor modulator that displays predominantly estrogenic potential for health benefit. However, little is known about the estrogenic potency of puerarin in pituitary, especially in the rat model of postmenopausal females. MAIN METHODS: Plasma prolactin and growth hormone levels as well as mRNA expression levels of pituitary estrogen-regulated genes, such as estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes alpha (ERα) and beta (ERβ), truncated ER product-1 (TERP-1) and -2 (TERP-2) and gonadotropin alpha subunit, were examined using radioimmunoassay and TaqMan® real-time PCR, respectively...
September 8, 2016: Life Sciences
Mohsen Basiri, Majid Asadi-Shekaari, Masoud Ezzatabdipour, Arash Sarv Azad, Seyed Noureddin Nematollahimahani
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol consumption is habitually accompanied by the use of other psychoactive substances, mostly tobacco. Nicotine and alcohol affect male accessory reproductive glands function. Most studies have been done on pathologic features of prostate, but there has been no systematic study on the seminal vesicle. Therefore, the aim of current study was to investigate the distribution of androgen receptor (AR) and estrogen receptors-beta (ER-β) immune reactivities following long-term treatment of alcohol, nicotine or a combination of both substances...
2016: Cell Journal
Kousuke Uranishi, Tadayuki Akagi, Hiroshi Koide, Takashi Yokota
Estrogen-related receptor beta (Esrrb) is expressed in embryonic stem (ES) cells and is involved in self-renewal ability and pluripotency. Previously, we found that Dax1 is associated with Esrrb and represses its transcriptional activity. Further, the disruption of the Dax1-Esrrb interaction increases the expression of the extra-embryonic endoderm marker Gata6 in ES cells. Here, we investigated the influences of Esrrb and Dax1 on Gata6 expression. Esrrb overexpression in ES cells induced endogenous Gata6 mRNA and Gata6 promoter activity...
September 30, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Raymundo Domínguez-Ordóñez, Marcos García-Juárez, Francisco J Lima-Hernández, Porfirio Gómora-Arrati, Jeffrey D Blaustein, Anne M Etgen, Oscar González-Flores
The present study was designed to assess the participation of estrogen receptors alpha (ERα) and beta (ERβ) in the short-term facilitation of lordosis behavior in ovariectomized (ovx), estradiol (E2) primed rats. In experiment 1, dose response curves for PPT and DPN (ERα and ERβ agonists, respectively) facilitation of lordosis behavior (lordosis quotient and lordosis score) were established by infusing these agonists into the right lateral ventricle (icv) in female rats injected 40h previously with 5μg of E2 benzoate...
September 1, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
Winfred Stacey, Shreyas Bhave, Rosalie M Uht
E2 attenuates inflammatory responses by suppressing expression of pro-inflammatory genes. Given that inflammation is increasingly being associated with neurodegenerative and psychiatric processes, we sought to elucidate mechanisms by which E2 down-regulates a component of an inflammatory response, cyclooxygenase- 2 (COX-2) expression. Although inflammatory processes in the brain are usually associated with microglia and astrocytes, we found that the COX-2 gene (cox-2) was expressed in a neuronal context, specifically in an amygdalar cell line (AR-5)...
2016: PloS One
Anna K Wójtowicz, Konrad A Szychowski, Agnieszka Wnuk, Małgorzata Kajta
Dibutyl phthalate (di-n-butyl phthalate, DBP) is one of the most commonly used phthalate esters. DBP is widely used as a plasticizer in a variety of household industries and consumer products. Because phthalates are not chemically bound to products, they can easily leak out to enter the environment. DBP can pass through the placental and blood-brain barriers due to its chemical structure, but little is known about its mechanism of action in neuronal cells. This study demonstrated the toxic and apoptotic effects of DBP in mouse neocortical neurons in primary cultures...
August 31, 2016: Neurotoxicity Research
Josi Maria Zimmermann-Peruzatto, Virgínia Meneghini Lazzari, Grasiela Agnes, Roberta Oriques Becker, Ana Carolina de Moura, Renata Padilha Guedes, Aldo Bolten Lucion, Silvana Almeida, Márcia Giovenardi
Social relations are built and maintained from the interaction among individuals. The oxytocin (OT), vasopressin (VP), estrogen, dopamine, and their receptors are involved in the modulation of sexual behavior in females. This study aimed to analyze the impact of OT gene knockout (OTKO) on sexual behavior and the gene expression of oxytocin (OTR), estrogen alpha (ERα), estrogen beta (ERβ), vasopressin (V1aR), and dopamine (D2R) receptors in the olfactory bulb (OB), prefrontal cortex (PFC), hippocampus (HPC), and hypothalamus (HPT), as well as in the synthesis of VP in the HPT of female mice...
August 24, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Juliette A Aka, Ezequiel-Luis Calvo, Sheng-Xiang Lin
17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (17β-HSD1) is a steroidal enzyme which, in breast cancer cells, mainly synthesizes 17-beta-estradiol (E2), an estrogenic hormone that stimulates breast cancer cell growth. We previously showed that the enzyme increased breast cancer cell proliferation via a dual effect on E2 and 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) levels and impacted gene expression and protein profile of breast cancer cells cultured in E2-contained medium. Here, we used RNA interference technique combined with microarray analyses to investigate the effect of 17β-HSD1 expression on breast cancer cell transcript profile in steroid-deprived condition...
August 18, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Maria Cernea, Rebecca Phillips, Vasantha Padmanabhan, Lique M Coolen, Michael N Lehman
Insulin serves as a link between the metabolic and reproductive systems, communicating energy availability to the hypothalamus and enabling reproductive mechanisms. Adult Suffolk ewes prenatally exposed to testosterone (T) display an array of reproductive and metabolic dysfunctions similar to those seen in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), including insulin resistance. Moreover, prenatal T treatment alters neuropeptide expression in KNDy (co-expressing kisspeptin, neurokinin B/dynorphin) and agouti-related peptide (AgRP) neurons in the arcuate nucleus, two populations that play key roles in the control of reproduction and metabolism, respectively...
October 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Hogyoung Kim, Amrita Datta, Sudha Talwar, Sarmad N Saleem, Debasis Mondal, Asim B Abdel-Mageed
Estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) splice variants are implicated in prostate cancer (PC) progression; however their underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We report that non-canonical activation of estradiol (E2)-ERβ2 signaling axis primes growth, colony-forming ability and migration of the androgen receptor (AR)-null castration-resistant PC (CRPC) cells under androgen-deprived conditions (ADC). The non-classical E2-ERβ2 mediates phosphorylation and activation of Src-IGF-1R complex, which in turn triggers p65-dependent transcriptional upregulation of the androgen-regulated serine protease TMPRSS2:ETV5a/TMPRSS2:ETV5b gene fusions under ADC...
August 17, 2016: Oncotarget
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