Read by QxMD icon Read


Jinhua Wei, Zhuo A Wang, Bing Wang, Marefa Jahan, Zhongfu Wang, Peter C Wynn, Yuguang Du
Milk oligosaccharides (MOs) are complex carbohydrates with multifunctional health benefits for the neonate. Poor reproductive performance in primiparous gilts limits their productivity. Changes in the structure and abundance of porcine MO (PMOs) through lactation with parity remains unknown and may explain superior new-born growth in litters from multiparous sows relative to gilts. We report 55 PMOs structures, of which 25 are new (17 sialylated and 8 neutral). Their incidence in gilt and sow colostrum was almost identical (53 vs...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kelley M Heffner, Qiong Wang, Deniz Baycin Hizal, Özge Can, Michael J Betenbaugh
Mammalian expression systems such as Chinese hamster ovary (CHO), mouse myeloma (NS0), and human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells serve a critical role in the biotechnology industry as the production host of choice for recombinant protein therapeutics. Most of the recombinant biologics are glycoproteins that contain complex oligosaccharide or glycan attachments representing a principal component of product quality. Both N-glycans and O-glycans are present in these mammalian cells, but the engineering of N-linked glycosylation is of critical interest in industry and many efforts have been directed to improve this pathway...
March 13, 2018: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
Athanasios Blanas, Neha M Sahasrabudhe, Ernesto Rodríguez, Yvette van Kooyk, Sandra J van Vliet
Aberrant glycosylation of tumor cells is recognized as a universal hallmark of cancer pathogenesis. Overexpression of fucosylated epitopes, such as type I (H1, Lewisa , Lewisb , and sialyl Lewisa ) and type II (H2, Lewisx , Lewisy , and sialyl Lewisx ) Lewis antigens, frequently occurs on the cancer cell surface and is mainly attributed to upregulated expression of pertinent fucosyltransferases (FUTs). Nevertheless, the impact of fucose-containing moieties on tumor cell biology is not fully elucidated yet. Here, we review the relevance of tumor-overexpressed FUTs and their respective synthesized Lewis determinants in critical aspects associated with cancer progression, such as increased cell survival and proliferation, tissue invasion and metastasis, endothelial to mesenchymal transition, endothelial and immune cell interaction, angiogenesis, multidrug resistance, and cancer stemness...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Jun Li, Hui-Chen Hsu, John D Mountz, John G Allen
Fucosylation is a biological process broadly observed in vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, bacteria, and fungi. Fucose moieties on cell-surface glycans are increasingly recognized as critical to many cell-cell interaction and signaling processes. One of the characteristic roles of fucose is its regulation of selectin-dependent leukocyte adhesion that has been well studied over the last two decades. Recent studies of fucose in immune cell development and function regulation have significantly expanded the contemporary understanding of fucosylation...
February 24, 2018: Cell Chemical Biology
Guinevere Stevina Margaretha Kammeijer, Jan Nouta, Jean de la Rosette, Theo M de Reijke, Manfred Wuhrer
The concentration of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in serum is used as an early detection method of prostate cancer (PCa) showing, however, low sensitivity, specificity and a poor predictive value. Initial studies suggested the glycosylation of PSA to be a promising marker for a more specific yet non-invasive PCa diagnosis. Recent studies on the molecular features of PSA glycosylation (such as antenna modification and core fucosylation) were not successful in demonstrating its potential for an improved PCa diagnosis, probably due to the lack of analytical sensitivity and specificity of the applied assays...
March 4, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Beata Borza, Marton Szigeti, Akos Szekrenyes, Laszlo Hajba, Andras Guttman
The carbohydrate moieties on the polypeptide chains in most glycoprotein based biotherapeutics and their biosimilars play essential roles in such major mechanisms of actions as antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, complement-dependent cytotoxicity, anti-inflammatory functions and serum clearance. In addition, alteration in glycosylation may influence the safety and efficacy of the product. Glycosylation, therefore, is considered as one of the important critical quality attributes of glycoprotein biotherapeutics, and consequently for their biosimilar counterparts...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Roberto Tinoco, Florent Carrette, Monique L Henriquez, Yu Fujita, Linda M Bradley
T cells mediating influenza viral control are instructed in lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissues to differentiate into memory T cells that confer protective immunity. The mechanisms by which influenza virus-specific memory CD4+ T cells arise have been attributed to changes in transcription factors, cytokines and cytokine receptors, and metabolic programming. The molecules involved in these biosynthetic pathways, including proteins and lipids, are modified to varying degrees of glycosylation, fucosylation, sialation, and sulfation, which can alter their function...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Feineng Shang, Na Gao, Ronghua Yin, Lisha Lin, Chuang Xiao, Lutan Zhou, Zi Li, Steven W Purcell, Mingyi Wu, Jinhua Zhao
Selective inhibition of the endogenous coagulation pathway is a promising strategy for developing new anticoagulants. Fucosylated glycosaminoglycan (FG), a structurally complex glycosaminoglycan, has distinct anticoagulant properties, especially the strong intrinsic factor Xase inhibitory activity that is recognized as a new target with potential physiological and therapeutic applications. Detailed knowledge of FG structures is necessary for developing a clinically effective intrinsic FXase inhibitor. However, challenges remain to elucidate FG structures as a basis for pharmaceutical development...
February 15, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Devin K Smith, Danielle M Jones, Jonathan B R Lau, Edward R Cruz, Elizabeth Brown, Jeffrey F Harper, Ian S Wallace
During pollen-pistil interactions in angiosperms, the male gametophyte (pollen) germinates to produce a pollen tube. To fertilize ovules located within the female pistil, the pollen tube must physically penetrate specialized tissues. Whereas the process of pollen tube penetration through the pistil has been anatomically well-described, the genetic regulation remains poorly understood. In this study, we identify a novel Arabidopsis thaliana gene, O-FUCOSYL TRANSFERASE 1 (AtOFT1), which plays a key role in pollen tube penetration through the stigma-style interface...
February 21, 2018: Plant Physiology
Qiong Wang, Cheng-Yu Chung, Sandra Chough, Michael J Betenbaugh
As a key parameter impacting functional and structural heterogeneity, protein glycosylation is a critical quality attribute for antibody biotherapeutic manufacturing. The glycan patterns on recombinant antibodies, particularly on the conserved fragment crystallizable (Fc) region, can have significant effects on an antibody's functional activities including clearance rate, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) and anti-inflammatory activity. In this review, we examined specific glycan attachments (fucosylation, sialylation, galactosylation, oligo-mannose and bisecting glycans) and their importance to antibody properties...
February 19, 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Jun Wang, Yaoguang Chang, Fanxiu Wu, Xiaoqi Xu, Changhu Xue
Fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (fCS) is the major carbohydrate constituent of sea cucumber. However, the distribution of fCS in the sea cucumber body wall has not been fully described. We addressed this in the present study employing Apostichopus japonicus as the material, a sea cucumber species with significant commercial importance. It was found that fCS was covalently attached to collagen fibrils via O-glycosidic linkages. Transmission electron microscopy analysis revealed that fCS precipitate was present in gap regions of collagen fibrils as roughly globular or ellipsoidal dots...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Longyan Zhao, Yujing Qin, Ruowei Guan, Wenqi Zheng, Jikai Liu, Jinhua Zhao
The digestibility of fucosylated glycosaminoglycan (FG) and its effects on digestive enzymes were investigated using an in vitro digestion model. Results showed that the molecular weight and the reducing sugar content of FG were not significantly changed, and no free monosaccharides released from FG were detected after the salivary, gastric and intestinal digestion, indicating that both the backbone and the sulfated fucose branches of FG are resistant to be cleaved in the saliva and gastrointestinal tract environments...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Myrthe E Sonneveld, Carolien A M Koeleman, H Rosina Plomp, Manfred Wuhrer, C Ellen van der Schoot, Gestur Vidarsson
After albumin, immunoglobulin G (IgG) are the most abundant proteins in human serum, with IgG1 and IgG3 being the most abundant subclasses directed against protein antigens. The quality of the IgG-Fc-glycosylation has important functional consequences, which have been found to be skewed toward low fucosylation in some antigen-specific immune responses. This increases the affinity to IgG1-Fc-receptor (FcγR)IIIa/b and thereby directly affects downstream effector functions and disease severity. To date, antigen-specific IgG-glycosylation have not been analyzed for IgG3...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Ziaur Rahman, Yuta Tsujimori, Megumi Maeda, Anowar Hossain, Takeshi Ishimizu, Yoshinobu Kimura
In a previous study, we molecular-characterized a tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) α1,3/4-fucosidase (α-Fuc'ase S1-1) encoded in a tomato gene (Solyc03g006980), indicating that α-Fuc'ase S1-1 is involved in the turnover of Lea epitope-containing N-glycans. In this study, we have characterized another tomato gene (Solyc11g069010) encoding α1,3/4-fucosidase (α-Fuc'ase S1-2), which is also active toward the complex type N-glycans containing Lea epitope(s). The baculovirus-insect cell expression system was used to express that α-Fuc'ase S1-2 with anti-FLAG tag, and the expression product (rFuc'ase Sl-2), was found as a 65 kDa protein using SDS-PAGE and has an optimum pH of around 5...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
Wei Liang, Shanshan Mao, Shijie Sun, Ming Li, Zhi Li, Rui Yu, Tonghui Ma, Jianguo Gu, Jianing Zhang, Naoyuki Taniguchi, Wenzhe Li
CD4+ T cell activation promotes the pathogenic process of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). T cell receptor (TCR) complex are highly core fucosylated glycoproteins, which play important roles in T cell activation. In this study, we found that the core fucosylation of CD4+ T cells was significantly increased in SLE patients. Loss of core fucosyltransferase (Fut8), the sole enzyme for catalyzing the core fucosylation of N-glycan, significantly reduced CD4+ T cell activation and ameliorated the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis-induced syndrome in Fut8-/- mice...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Jakob Cervin, Amberlyn M Wands, Anna Casselbrant, Han Wu, Soumya Krishnamurthy, Aleksander Cvjetkovic, Johanna Estelius, Benjamin Dedic, Anirudh Sethi, Kerri-Lee Wallom, Rebecca Riise, Malin Bäckström, Ville Wallenius, Frances M Platt, Michael Lebens, Susann Teneberg, Lars Fändriks, Jennifer J Kohler, Ulf Yrlid
Cholera toxin (CT) enters and intoxicates host cells after binding cell surface receptors via its B subunit (CTB). We have recently shown that in addition to the previously described binding partner ganglioside GM1, CTB binds to fucosylated proteins. Using flow cytometric analysis of primary human jejunal epithelial cells and granulocytes, we now show that CTB binding correlates with expression of the fucosylated Lewis X (LeX) glycan. This binding is competitively blocked by fucosylated oligosaccharides and fucose-binding lectins...
February 12, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Junfeng Ma, Miloslav Sanda, Renhuizi Wei, Lihua Zhang, Radoslav Goldman
Aberrant core fucosylation of proteins has been linked to liver diseases. In this study, we carried out multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) quantification of core fucosylated N-glycopeptides of serum proteins partially deglycosylated by a combination of endoglycosidases (endoF1, endoF2, and endoF3). To minimize variability associated with the preparatory steps, the analysis was performed without enrichment of glycopeptides or fractionation of serum besides the nanoRP chromatography. Specifically, we quantified core fucosylation of 22 N-glycopeptides derived from 17 proteins together with protein abundance of these glycoproteins in a cohort of 45 participants (15 disease-free control, 15 fibrosis and 15 cirrhosis patients) using a multiplex nanoUPLC-MS-MRM workflow...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Jiaojiao Mou, Qiang Li, Xiaohui Qi, Jie Yang
Three fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (fCS) were obtained from edible sea cucumbers Apostichopus japonicus, Stichopus chloronotus and Acaudina molpadioidea collected from China. fCS from Stichopus chloronotus was firstly reported. The detailed structures of fCSs, particularly the fucose branches, were investigated and compared. 1H and 13C NMR of the polysaccharide identified three sulfation patterns of fucose branches: 4-O-, 2,4-di-O, and 3,4-di-O-sulfation variously existed in different fCSs. The backbone structure was confirmed by the monosaccharide composition and two-dimensional NMR...
April 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Amberlyn M Wands, Jakob Cervin, He Huang, Ye Zhang, Gyusaang Youn, Chad A Brautigam, Maria Matson Dzebo, Per Björklund, Ville Wallenius, Danielle K Bright, Clay S Bennett, Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede, Nicole S Sampson, Ulf Yrlid, Jennifer J Kohler
Cholera toxin (CT) enters host intestinal epithelia cells, and its retrograde transport to the cytosol results in the massive loss of fluids and electrolytes associated with severe dehydration. To initiate this intoxication process, the B subunit of CT (CTB) first binds to a cell surface receptor displayed on the apical surface of the intestinal epithelia. While the monosialoganglioside GM1 is widely accepted to be the sole receptor for CT, intestinal epithelial cell lines also utilize fucosylated glycan epitopes on glycoproteins to facilitate cell surface binding and endocytic uptake of the toxin...
February 22, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
Robert Lang, Andreas Leinenbach, Johann Karl, Magdalena Swiatek-de Lange, Uwe Kobold, Michael Vogeser
Recently, site-specific fucosylation of glycoproteins has attracted attention as it can be associated with several types of cancers including prostate cancer. However, individual glycoproteins, which might serve as potential cancer markers, often are very low-concentrated in complex serum matrices and distinct glycan structures are hard to detect by immunoassays. Here, we present a mass spectrometry-based strategy for the simultaneous analysis of core-fucosylated and total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in human serum in the low ng/ml concentration range...
January 26, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"