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Cancer and anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777144/benefits-in-radical-mastectomy-protocol-a-randomized-trial-evaluating-the-use-of-regional-anesthesia
#1
Marcio Matsumoto, Eva M Flores, Pedro P Kimachi, Flavia V Gouveia, Mayra A Kuroki, Alfredo C S D Barros, Marcelo M C Sampaio, Felipe E M Andrade, João Valverde, Eduardo F Abrantes, Claudia M Simões, Rosana L Pagano, Raquel C R Martinez
Surgery is the first-line treatment for early, localized, or operable breast cancer. Regional anesthesia during mastectomy may offer the prevention of postoperative pain. One potential protocol is the combination of serratus anterior plane block (SAM block) with pectoral nerve block I (PECS I), but the results and potential benefits are limited. Our study compared general anesthesia with or without SAM block + PECS I during radical mastectomy with axillary node dissection and breast reconstruction using evaluations of pain, opioid consumption, side effects and serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6 and IL-10...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771696/the-future-of-anesthesia-for-interventional-radiology
#2
Annie Amin, Jason Scott Lane
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review novel procedures in interventional radiology and describe anesthetic implications. RECENT FINDINGS: Noninvasive treatment options for patients who are nonsurgical candidates are on the rise. The complication rate for patients receiving anesthesia in the interventional radiology suite is higher than other nonoperating room anesthetizing locations. The investigative use of catheter-directed thrombolysis for acute submassive pulmonary embolism will likely lead to an increased demand for anesthesia assistance...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770311/-super-active-surveillance-mri-ultrasound-fusion-biopsy-and-ablation-for-less-invasive-management-of-prostate-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Jonathan B Bloom, Samuel A Gold, Graham R Hale, Kareem N Rayn, Vikram K Sabarwal, Ivane Bakhutashvili, Vladimir Valera, Baris Turkbey, Peter A Pinto, Bradford J Wood
Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate has allowed clinicians to better visualize and target suspicious lesions during biopsy. Targeted prostate biopsies give a more accurate representation of the true cancer volume and stage so that appropriate treatment or active surveillance can be selected. Advances in technology have led to the development of MRI and ultrasound fusion platforms used for targeted biopsies, monitoring cancer progression, and more recently for the application of focal therapy...
April 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765015/reduction-of-blood-pressure-following-after-renal-artery-adventitia-stripping-during-total-nephroureterectomy-potential-effect-of-renal-sympathetic-denervation
#4
Keisuke Okamura, Shunsuke Satou, Keita Setojima, Shinjiro Shono, Shigero Miyajima, Tatsu Ishii, Kazuyuki Shirai, Hidenori Urata
BACKGROUND Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation has been reported to be effective for treatment resistance hypertension in Australia and Europe. However, in the blinded SYMPLICITY HTN-3 trial, renal denervation did not achieve a significant decrease in blood pressure (BP) in comparison to sham controls. There have been various discussions on the factors that influenced this result. CASE REPORT Two men on antihypertensive therapy underwent unilateral radical nephroureterectomy for cancer of the renal pelvis...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764470/joint-preserving-palliative-surgery-using-self-locking-screws-of-intramedullary-nail-and-percutaneous-cementoplasty-for-proximal-humeral-metastasis-in-the-advanced-cancer-patients
#5
Jong Woong Park, Yong-Il Kim, Hyun Guy Kang, June Hyuk Kim, Han Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: We introduced a palliative joint-preserving surgery using proximal self-locking screws of intramedullary (IM) nail and percutaneous cementoplasty (PC) in patients with proximal humeral metastases, including the head and neck, and evaluated the outcome of the surgical method. METHODS: Twenty-three patients (mean age = 63.0 ± 11.8 years, M:F = 14:9) had IM nailing with a self-locking screw system and PC for the treatment of humeral head and neck metastases...
May 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757780/effects-of-intraoperative-opioid-use-on-recurrence-free-and-overall-survival-in-patients-with-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Kim N Du, Lei Feng, Abigail Newhouse, Jeel Mehta, Javier Lasala, Gabriel E Mena, Wayne L Hofstetter, Juan P Cata
BACKGROUND: Perioperative opioid use is associated with poor survival in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The most common histological type of esophageal cancer in western countries is adenocarcinoma. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between intraoperative opioid consumption and survival in patients with adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. METHODS: Records of patients who had undergone esophageal cancer surgery between January 2000 and January 2017 were reviewed...
May 10, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756115/severe-decrease-in-spo-2-and-methemoglobinemia-following-subareolar-isosulfan-blue-administration-and-clinical-relevance
#7
Esra Yüksel, Dilek Duman, Levent Yeniay, Sezgin Ulukaya
The level of axillary lymph node involvement in breast cancer is a critical decision factor for adjuvant therapy and the most important indicator of prognosis and survival. Sentinel lymph node biopsy is a minimally invasive technique with low morbidity in axillary staging of breast cancer. Radiocolloid substances (Technetium-99m) and/or blue dyes such as methylene blue or isosulfan blue are used during sentinel lymph node biopsy. Isosulfan blue stain is frequently used in sentinel lymph node biopsy and rarely causes complications...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756103/factors-affecting-successful-colonoscopy-procedures-single-center-experience
#8
Ramazan Kozan, Tonguç Utku Yılmaz, Uygar Baştuğral, Umut Kerimoğlu, Yücel Yavuz
Objective: Colonoscopy is a gold standard procedure for several colon pathologies. Successful colonoscopy means demonstration of the ileocecal valve and determination of colon polyps. Here we aimed to evaluate our colonoscopy success and results. Material and Methods: This retrospective descriptive study was performed in İstanbul Eren hospital endoscopy unit between 2012 and 2015. Colonoscopy results and patient demographics were obtained from the hospital database...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753523/testicular-transposition-in-children-undergoing-brachytherapy-for-bladder-and-or-prostate-rhabdomyosarcoma
#9
Guenolee de Lambert, Cyrus Chargari, Véronique Minard-Colin, Christine Haie-Meder, Florent Guérin, Hélène Martelli
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Fertility preservation is a major goal in treatment of children with cancer. We describe a new technique of testicular transposition (TT) in patients treated with pulse-dose-rate (PDR) brachytherapy as part of the multimodal conservative treatment of bladder neck and/or prostate rhabdomyosarcoma (BP RMS). METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients treated between September 2016 and August 2017 were studied. These patients underwent a TT performed during BP RMS surgery by the same suprapubic incision...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750321/improved-outcomes-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocol-for-radical-cystectomy-with-addition-of-a-multidisciplinary-care-process-in-a-us-comprehensive-cancer-care-center
#10
Sephalie Y Patel, Rosemarie E Garcia Getting, Brandon Alford, Karim Hussein, Braydon J Schaible, David Boulware, Jae K Lee, Scott M Gilbert, Julio M Powsang, Wade J Sexton, Philippe E Spiess, Michael A Poch
INTRODUCTION: Although enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) components include both anesthesia and surgical care processes, it is unclear whether a multidisciplinary approach to implementing ERAS care processes improves clinical outcomes. The addition of multidisciplinary care with anesthesiology-related components to an existing ERAS protocol for radical cystectomy at a US comprehensive cancer center provided an opportunity to compare short- and long-term outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the outcomes of 116 consecutive patients who underwent cystectomy after implementation of a multidisciplinary ERAS protocol with those of a historical control group of 143 consecutive patients who had been treated with a surgical ERAS protocol...
May 10, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749446/anesthetic-effects-of-isoflurane-and-the-molecular-mechanism-underlying-isoflurane%C3%A2-inhibited-aggressiveness-of-hepatic-carcinoma
#11
Jing Hu, Jingli Hu, Hongmei Jiao, Qingguo Li
Anesthesia is produced by drugs or other methods, and refers to the attenuation of pain via reversible suppression of neuronal transmission in the central and peripheral nervous systems, during surgery. Clinical investigations have indicated that the anesthetic action of isoflurane is efficient to alleviate pain during tumor resection clinical trials. In addition, it has been reported that isoflurane can induce caspase‑3 activation and is associated with apoptosis of tumor cells. The present study investigated the anesthetic effects and molecular mechanisms underlying isoflurane‑induced apoptosis in patients with hepatic carcinoma...
May 2, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746279/free-style-capillary-perforator-based-island-flaps-for-reconstruction-of-skin-cancer-defects-of-the-face-body-and-extremities
#12
Giuseppe Visconti, Marzia Salgarello
BACKGROUND: The perforator flap concept has revolutionized reconstructive surgery. Recently, the attention has moved toward flaps based on capillary perforators, which have been usually neglected in the past as reliable perforators. The aim of this article is to report a series of freestyle capillary perforator-based island flap (c-PBIF) for reconstruction of skin cancer defects of the face, body, and extremities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between September 2015 and July 2017, 20 consecutive patients underwent c-PBIF reconstruction of facial, body, and limb defects after melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer excision...
April 30, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745073/hemodynamic-stability-achievement-by-application-of-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-with-different-infusion-solutions-in-colorectal-surgery
#13
Ana Cvetkovic, Nevena Kalezic, Biljana Milicic, Srdjan Nikolic, Milan Zegarac, Dejan Stojiljkovic, Merima Goran, Marina Stojanovic
PURPOSE: To determine whether there was a correlation between the type of administered infusion solutions intraoperatively with the quantity of administered infusion solutions, differences in values of cardiac output (CO) and cardiac index (CI) and need to use vasopressors and inotropes, between control and research groups. METHODS: This randomized prospective study included 55 patients with colorectal cancer. Subjects in the control group received only crystalloid solutions intraoperatively and postoperatively...
March 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739245/long-term-oncologic-outcomes-for-patients-undergoing-volatile-versus-intravenous-anesthesia-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-propensity-matching-analysis
#14
Tak Kyu Oh, Kwhanmien Kim, Sanghoon Jheon, Jaebong Lee, Sang-Hwan Do, Jung-Won Hwang, In-Ae Song
Propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) has been reported to improve long-term outcome following cancer surgery, when compared with inhalation agents. However, such investigational reports are still controversial, and no studies have been conducted in relation to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) surgery. The present study aimed to compare the favorable effects of TIVA versus inhalation agents on recurrence-free survival and overall survival after curative resection of NSCLC. This retrospective cohort study examined medical records of the patients who were diagnosed with NSCLC and underwent curative resection at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital from August 2003 to July 2012...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733090/spinal-anesthesia-is-associated-with-lower-recurrence-rates-after-resection-of-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#15
EDITORIAL
Tae Dong Kweon, Ki-Young Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733085/could-there-be-a-relationship-between-type-of-anesthesia-and-oncological-parameters-after-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-cancer
#16
EDITORIAL
Konstantinos Dimitropoulos, Vassilios Tzortzis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727761/systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-tranexamic-acid-use-for-bleeding-reduction-in-prostate-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Marcelo A Longo, Bárbara T Cavalheiro, Getúlio R de Oliveira Filho
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia have an increased incidence with aging. The most effective treatments are radical prostatectomy and transurethral resection of the prostate. To reduce perioperative bleeding in these surgeries, an approach is the use of tranexamic acid (TXA). Studies show that TXA is effective in reducing the blood loss and the need for transfusion in cardiac, orthopedic, and gynecological surgeries. In prostate surgeries, its efficacy and safety have not been established yet...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713886/comparison-of-narrow-band-imaging-and-the-storz-professional-image-enhancement-system-for-detection-of-laryngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-pathologies
#18
L Staníková, R Walderová, D Jančatová, M Formánek, K Zeleník, Pavel Komínek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare narrow band imaging (NBI) endoscopy and Storz Professional Image Enhancement System (SPIES) in observing epithelial and/or subepithelial microvascular irregularities and pathologies. METHODS: A total of 73 patients with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal lesions were investigated using high-definition NBI endoscopy preoperatively in local anesthesia and using SPIES system intraoperatively in general anesthesia from August 2016 to October 2017...
April 30, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707376/is-laryngeal-mask-airway-general-anesthesia-feasible-for-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#19
Rui-Xiang Zhang, Yin Li, Xian-Ben Liu, Xi-Hua Lu, Hai-Bo Sun, Zong-Fei Wang, Shi-Lei Liu, Yan Zheng, Xiao-Fei Liu, Xiu-Xia Wu
Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has been identified as an oncological method with lower mortality and morbidity. This procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia using double endotracheal tube intubation and one-lung ventilation for a good visualization like other video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). However, it is difficult to differentiate weather the postoperative hoarseness is caused by intubation or by recurrent laryngeal nerve injury during operation, and some complications related to intubation also are the focus of thoracic surgeons...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700275/anesthesia-management-of-modified-ex-vivo-liver-resection-and-autotransplantation
#20
Fujun Cheng, Zhiyong Yang, Jing Zeng, Jianteng Gu, Jian Cui, Jiaoning Ning, Bin Yi
BACKGROUND Ex situ liver surgery allows liver resection and vascular reconstruction in patients who have liver tumors located in critical sites. Only a small series of studies about ex situ liver surgery is available in the literature. No anesthesia management experience has been previously published. The aim of the currents study was to summarize our experience with anesthetic management of patients during ex vivo liver surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS The first 43 patients who received ex vivo liver surgery between January 2007 and April 2012 were included...
April 27, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
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