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Protein Loosing Enteropathy

Sophie Fromhold-Treu, Georg Lamprecht
This review describes the gasterointestinal entities, their pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic workup and therapy that typically involve weight loss as the major presenting symptom. The differentiation of malassimilation into maldigestion and malabsorption is clinically mostly not helpful. Instead primary malasssimilation can be distinguished from secondary due to another disease. Celiac disease, lambliasis, small bowel CD, CVIDS and Whipple's disease result in loss of absorptive surface. Chronic intestinal pseudobstruction leads to weight loss through dysmotility and postprandial pain...
February 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Weam El Hajj, Gilbert Nakad, Antoine Abou Rached
Strongyloidiasis is a helminthic disease which affects millions around the world resulting in a significant burden in certain high risk groups. It is rarely reported in the Lebanese population probably due to the low index of suspicion in common practice. We are reporting a case of strongyloidiasis that was found in an elderly patient presenting initially with dyspnea followed by skin rash, protein loosing enteropathy, diarrhea, and abdominal pain while on corticosteroid therapy. The diagnosis was suspected based on clinical presentation in addition to peripheral eosinophilia...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
F Furfaro, C Bezzio, G Maconi
Protein-loosing enteropathy in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) is an uncommon complication, but should be considered in any patient with hypoproteinemia in whom other causes have been excluded such as concomitant hepatic disease, severe malnutrition or proteinuria. The diagnosis is based on determination of fecal alpha-1 antitripsin clearance and stool analysis. Prognosis depends upon the patient and the disease location, severity and complication. Treatment is directed at control of the underlying IBDs but also includes albumin infusion in the most severe cases of hypoalbuminemia and fluid retention, dietary modifications for recovery and maintenance of nutritional status and supportive care to prevent further complication like deep venous thrombosis...
December 2015: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
Michaela Höck, Karina Wegleiter, Elisabeth Ralser, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, Sabine Scholl-Bürgi, Christine Fauth, Elisabeth Steichen, Karin Pichler, Dirk J Lefeber, Gert Matthjis, Liesbeth Keldermans, Kathrin Maurer, Johannes Zschocke, Daniela Karall
BACKGROUND: Since 1980, about 100 types of congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) have been reported representing an expanding group of inherited disorders. ALG8-CDG (= CDG-Ih) is one of the less frequently reported types of CDG, maybe due to its severe multi-organ involvement with coagulation disturbances, edema, massive gastrointestinal protein loosing enteropathy, cataracts, and often early death. We report three additional patients, provide an update on two previously reported, and summarize features of ten patients reported in literature...
2015: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
J Lemale, L Dainese, P Tounian
Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by no specific digestive symptoms associated with dense eosinophilic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract in the absence of known causes for such tissue eosinophilia. Among these diseases, eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) and colitis (EC) are less common than esophagitis, but their incidence and prevalence have been increasing over the past decade due in part to increased disease recognition. The exact pathophysiology is not clear: EGE and EC are immune-mediated diseases implicating adaptive T-helper cell type 2 immunity...
July 2015: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Larry Good, Roxanne Rosario, Raymond Panas
Oral prescription medical foods have long been used in hospital settings but are also appropriate therapies for gastrointestinal disorders in outpatient medical practice. Oral serum-derived bovine immunoglobulin/protein isolate (SBI) has been shown in clinical studies to reduce loose stools and improve stool consistency as well as other symptoms (i.e., abdominal pain, bloating, and urgency) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) and human immunodeficiency virus-associated enteropathy...
March 21, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
A Rispo, M Sica, L Bucci, D Musto, L Camera, G Ciancia, G Luglio, N Caporaso
Sclerosing mesenteritis (SM) is a rare, idiopathic disorder of unknown aetiology that involves the adipose tissue of the mesentery, being characterized by chronic and non-specific fibrous inflammation. Patients usually present with non-specific clinical manifestations, such as abdominal pain and diarrhoea. The diagnosis of SM is difficult and it can be definitely established only by means of surgical or imaging-guided biopsy. Different therapeutic strategies have been used in case series with different rate of success...
2015: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Joel Johansson, Christofer Sahin, Rebecka Pestoff, Simone Ignatova, Pia Forsberg, Anders Edsjö, Mattias Ekstedt, Marie Stenmark Askmalm
Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by juvenile polyps of the gastrointestinal tract. We present a new pathogenic mutation of the SMAD4 gene and illustrate the need for a multidisciplinary health care approach to facilitate the correct diagnosis. The patient, a 47-year-old Caucasian woman, was diagnosed with anaemia at the age of 12. During the following 30 years, she developed numerous gastrointestinal polyps. The patient underwent several operations, and suffered chronic abdominal pain, malnutrition, and multiple infections...
2015: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Sachin B Ingle, Chitra R Hinge Ingle
Primary idiopathic intestinal lymphangiectasia is an unusual disease featured by the presence of dilated lymphatic channels which are located in the mucosa, submucosa or subserosa leading to protein loosing enteropathy.Most often affected were children and generally diagnosed before third year of life but may be rarely seen in adults too. Bilateral pitting oedema of lower limb is the main clinical manifestation mimicking the systemic disease and posing a real diagnostic dilemma to the clinicians to differentiate it from other common systemic diseases like Congestive cardiac failure, Nephrotic Syndrome, Protein Energy Malnutrition, etc...
October 16, 2014: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Jiang Wei Wu, Hao Yang, Shu Pei Wang, Krishnakant G Soni, Catherine Brunel-Guitton, Grant A Mitchell
Triglyceride (TG) synthesis, storage, and degradation together constitute cytoplasmic TG metabolism (CTGM). CTGM is mostly studied in adipocytes, where starting from glycerol-3-phosphate and fatty acyl (FA)-coenzyme A (CoA), TGs are synthesized then stored in cytoplasmic lipid droplets. TG hydrolysis proceeds sequentially, producing FAs and glycerol. Several reactions of CTGM can be catalyzed by more than one enzyme, creating great potential for complex tissue-specific physiology. In adipose tissue, CTGM provides FA as a systemic energy source during fasting and is related to obesity...
January 2015: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Vinod Kumar B, John Joseph S Martis, Sheldon G Mathias, Priyatham Kamath, Vivek Shetty
Ileitis, or inflammation of the ileum, is often caused by Crohn's disease. However, ileitis may be caused by a wide variety of other diseases. These include infectious diseases, spondyloarthropathies, vasculitides, ischemia, neoplasms, medication-induced, eosinophilic enteritis, and others. Eosinophilic enteritis can present as abdominal pain, protein loosing enteropathy, ulcers, intestinal obstruction, intussusception and perforation.Bowel perforation is an uncommon presentation of eosinophilic enteritis. We report a rare case of ileal perforation due to eosinophilic enteritis in a 57 years old female...
July 2013: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
C S Ong, T E Cheah, R Jasmin, F Yahya, S Sockalingam, C T Ng
Lupus associated protein loosing enteropathy (LUPLE) is a rare gastrointestinal manifestation of SLE. We presented a case of painless ascites from serve hypoalbuminaemia secondary to LUPLE. The patient responded to a course of intravenous cyclophosphamide. The remission was maintained by azathioprine and low dose prednisolone.
October 2013: Lupus
David M Asmuth, Zhong-Min Ma, Anthony Albanese, Netanya G Sandler, Sridevi Devaraj, Thomas H Knight, Neil M Flynn, Tammy Yotter, Juan-Carlos Garcia, Emily Tsuchida, Tsung-Teh Wu, Daniel C Douek, Christopher J Miller
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of serum-derived bovine immunoglobulin, an oral medical food known to neutralize bacterial antigen and reduce intestinal inflammation, on restoration of mucosal immunity and gastrointestinal function in individuals with HIV enteropathy. DESIGN: Open-label trial with intensive 8-week phase of bovine serum immunoglobulin (SBI) 2.5 g twice daily with a 4-week washout period and an optional 9-month extension study. METHODS: HIV enteropathy was defined as chronic gastrointestinal symptoms including frequent loose or watery stools despite no identifiable, reversible cause...
September 10, 2013: AIDS
Matthias Kumpf, Riikka H Hämäläinen, Michael Hofbeck, Winfried Baden
UNLABELLED: Mulibrey nanism (MUL) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with severe primordial growth retardation and multiorgan involvement, caused by mutations in TRIM37. Early clinical detection is important since more than 50 % of the patients develop congestive heart failure. We report a 12-year-old patient who presented in infancy with severe growth retardation, dysmorphic features, and cleft palate. Clinical diagnosis of MUL was established at the age of 5 years. Postmortem, molecular diagnostic confirmed MUL as a novel 1-bp deletion (c...
October 2013: European Journal of Pediatrics
S Chen, G Lalazar, O Barak, T Adar, V Doviner, M Mizrahi
Protein-losing gastroenteropathies are characterized by an excessive loss of serum proteins into the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in hypoproteinemia (detected as hypoalbuminemia), edema, and, in some cases, pleural and pericardial effusions. Protein-losing gastroenteropathies can be caused by a diverse group of disorders and should be suspected in a patient with hypoproteinemia in whom other causes, such as malnutrition, proteinuria, and impaired liver protein synthesis, have been excluded. In this paper, we present a case of protein-losing enteropathy in a 22-year-old immunocompetent male with a coinfection of CMV and Hp...
2012: Case Reports in Medicine
Munetaka Masuda
Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic heart disease. Its operative mortality and long-term result are quite good in these days. At the late phase after the correction, pulmonary valve regurgitation associated with right side heart failure, aortic valve regurgitation, arrhythmia and sudden death become major adverse outcomes. Double-outlet right ventricle is a cyanotic heart disease with a wide spectrum of morphology and is divided according to the site of ventricular septal defect: subaortic, subpulmonary, doubly committed and remote type...
July 2011: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Luis E De las Casas, Angel M Morales, Darius A Boman, Alan H Tyroch, Jesus E Calleros-Macias, Roberto N Miranda
BACKGROUND: To the best of our knowledge, there are currently no recorded cytologic features of any effusion from rheumatoid peritonitis showing cytologic findings linked to rheumatoid pleural disease, although rheumatoid nodules have been described in the peritoneum. CASE: A 75-year-old man with longstanding, poorly controlled rheumatoid arthritis was seen in our hospital after a motor vehicle collision. Computed tomography showed free fluid in the abdominal cavity...
November 2010: Acta Cytologica
Macarena G Sanz, Debra C Sellon, Kathleen A Potter
A 25-year-old Appaloosa gelding was evaluated for chronic weight loss and diarrhea. A clinical diagnosis of protein loosing enteropathy was made and the gelding was euthanized. Histology revealed neoplastic lymphocytes infiltrating the mucosa of the small and large intestine. Immunohistochemistry was positive for CD3, consistent with epitheliotropic T-cell lymphoma.
May 2010: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Yoshikazu Yakami, Kenji Watanabe, Natsuhiko Kameda, Hirohisa Machida, Hirotoshi Okazaki, Hirokazu Yamagami, Masatsugu Shiba, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Nobuhide Oshitani, Tetsuo Arakawa
A 31-year-old man has visited our hospital, complaining diarrhea and leg edema. Blood test showed hypoalbuminea, but we couldn't find the reason by several examinations. Therefore, we performed double balloon enteroscopy, and intestinal lymphangiectasia was diagnosed histologically by biopsy. It's useful and effective to perform double balloon enteroscopy and histological examination for the unknown origin case of protein loosing enteropathy.
November 2008: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Han Myun Kim, Ji Young Woo
Eosinophilic gasteroenteritis is an uncommon disease with variable clinical features characterized by eosinophilic infiltration. Clinical manifestations range from non-specific gastrointestinal complaints such as nausea, vomiting, crampy abdominal pain, and diarrhea to specific findings such as malabsorption, protein loosing enteropathy, luminal obstruction, eosinophilic ascites and effusion. We report here on a case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis causing enterobiliary fistula which is an extremely unusual complication...
May 2008: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
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