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Mahnaz Shahrki Pour, Gholamreza Ghoreishinia, Sadegh Zare, Azizollah Arbabisarjou
INTRODUCTION: Every amazing human development in the modern world is resulted from learning; therefore, teaching and learning improvement are the bases of all activities. There is a wide-range of factors affecting learning and the identification of these factors is very important in fixing problems and deficiencies in educational systems. Among the factors contributing to academic achievement are the consideration of students' differences and identification of their learning styles. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to identify medical students' learning styles in terms of gender...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Mahnaz Shahrakipour, Azizollah Arbabisarjou, Sadegh Zare, Gholamreza Ghoreishinia
INTRODUCTION: learning is a human's natural tendencies; therefore, the identification of factors affecting it, is very important in fixing problems and deficiencies in educational systems. One of the factors contributing to students' academic achievement and increased learning outcome is to identify their learning styles leading to better and more satisfying learning. The aim of the present study was to examine learning styles in students of Medical Sciences. METHODOLOGY: The present descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 417 students of Medical Sciences selected based on cluster random sampling method in the academic year 2015-2016...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Salilthip Paiboonsithiwong, Natchaya Kunanitthaworn, Natchaphon Songtrijuck, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Tinakon Wongpakaran
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of various learning styles among medical students and their correlations with academic achievement and mental health problems in these students. METHODS: This study was conducted among 140 first-year medical students of Chiang Mai University, Thailand in 2014. The participants completed the visual-aural-read/write-kinesthetic (VARK) questionnaire, the results of which can be categorized into 4 modes, corresponding to how many of the 4 types are preferred by a respondent...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Dimitrios Papanagnou, Antonio Serrano, Kaitlyn Barkley, Shruti Chandra, Nicholas Governatori, Nicole Piela, Gregory K Wanner, Richard Shin
BACKGROUND: Students may have different learning styles. It is unclear, however, whether tailoring instructional methods for a student's preferred learning style improves educational outcomes when teaching procedures. The authors sought to examine whether teaching to a student's self-perceived learning style improved the acquisition of intravenous (IV) catheter placement skills. The authors hypothesized that matching a medical student's preferred learning style with the instructor's teaching style would increase the success of placing an IV catheter...
August 12, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Roger H Kim, Scott H Kurtzman, Ashley N Collier, Mohsen M Shabahang
BACKGROUND: Learning styles theory posits that learners have distinct preferences for how they assimilate new information. The VARK model categorizes learners based on combinations of 4 learning preferences: visual (V), aural (A), read/write (R), and kinesthetic (K). A previous single institution study demonstrated that the VARK preferences of applicants who interview for general surgery residency are different from that of the general population and that learning preferences were associated with performance on standardized tests...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Zahra Nasiri, Samane Gharekhani, Maryam Ghasempour
INTRODUCTION: Identifying and employing students' learning styles could play an important role in selecting appropriate teaching methods in order to improve education. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the students' final exam scores and the learning style preferences of dental students at Babol University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 88 dental students studying in their fourth, fifth, and sixth years using the visual-aural-reading/writing-kinesthetic (VARK) learning styles' questionnaire...
May 2016: Electronic Physician
Raffaele Altara, Marco Manca, Marleen H Hessel, Yumei Gu, Laura C van Vark, K Martijn Akkerhuis, Jan A Staessen, Harry A J Struijker-Boudier, George W Booz, W Matthijs Blankesteijn
Chemokines are involved in the remodeling of the heart; however, their significance as biomarkers in heart failure is unknown. We observed that circulating CXCR3 receptor chemokines CXCL9 and CXCL10 in a rat model of heart failure were increased 1 week after myocardial infarction. CXCL10 was also increased in both remote and infarcted regions of the heart and remained elevated at 16 weeks; CXCL9 was elevated in the remote area at 1 week. In humans, hierarchical clustering and principal component analysis revealed that circulating CXCL10, MIP-1α, and CD40 ligand were the best indicators for differentiating healthy and heart failure subjects...
August 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
Jorie Versmissen, Ranitha Vongpromek, Reyhana Yahya, Jeroen B van der Net, Leonie van Vark-van der Zee, Jeannette Blommesteijn-Touw, Darcos Wattimena, Trinet Rietveld, Clive R Pullinger, Christina Christoffersen, Björn Dahlbäck, John P Kane, Monique Mulder, Eric J G Sijbrands
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) risk inversely associates with levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The protective effect of HDL is thought to depend on its functionality, such as its ability to induce cholesterol efflux. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared plasma cholesterol efflux capacity between male familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) patients with and without CHD relative to their non-FH brothers, and examined HDL constituents including sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and its carrier apolipoprotein M (apoM)...
July 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Laura M Breij, Monique T Mulder, Leonie C van Vark-van der Zee, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega
INTRODUCTION: Body composition in early life influences development of obesity during childhood and beyond. Appetite-regulating hormones (ARH) play a role in regulation of food intake and might thus influence body composition in later life. Studies on associations between ARH and body composition in early life are limited. METHODS: In 197 healthy term infants, we measured serum fasting levels of ghrelin, leptin, insulin, glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP), pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and peptide YY (PYY) at 3 months and in 41 infants also at 6 months and their associations with type of feeding and longitudinal fat mass percentage (FM%) measured by air displacement plethysmography at 1, 3 and 6 months and abdominal visceral and subcutaneous fat, measured by ultrasound, at 3 and 6 months...
June 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
Witold Wrona, Katarzyna Budka, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Maciej Niewada, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Tomasz Zdrojewski
BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension (AH) represents a public health problem in Poland, firstly due to the huge, still growing population of patients (10.45 million patients based on NATPOL 2011 and PolSenior Surveys), and secondly because of the substantial cost of reimbursement from the National Health Fund (NHF). The most commonly used drugs in the treatment of AH include angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), the latter being associated with significantly higher unit reimbursement cost...
2016: Kardiologia Polska
Sarawin Thepsatitporn, Chailerd Pichitpornchai
The validity of learning styles needs supports of additional objective evidence. The identification of learning styles using subjective evidence from VARK questionnaires (where V is visual, A is auditory, R is read/write, and K is kinesthetic) combined with objective evidence from visual event-related potential (vERP) studies has never been investigated. It is questionable whether picture superiority effects exist in V learners and R learners. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate whether vERP could show the relationship between vERP components and VARK learning styles and to identify the existence of picture superiority effects in V learners and R learners...
June 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
Rohit M Oemrawsingh, K Martijn Akkerhuis, Laura C Van Vark, W Ken Redekop, Goran Rudez, Willem J Remme, Michel E Bertrand, Kim M Fox, Roberto Ferrari, A H Jan Danser, Moniek de Maat, Maarten L Simoons, Jasper J Brugts, Eric Boersma
BACKGROUND: Patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) constitute a heterogeneous group in which the treatment benefits by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitor therapy vary between individuals. Our objective was to integrate clinical and pharmacogenetic determinants in an ultimate combined risk prediction model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical, genetic, and outcomes data were used from 8726 stable CAD patients participating in the EUROPA/PERGENE trial of perindopril versus placebo...
March 28, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Muhammad Asif Bhalli, Ishtiaq Ali Khan, Abdul Sattar
BACKGROUND: Researchers have categorized the learning styles in many ways. Kolb proposed a classification of learner's styles as convergers, divergers, assimilators and accommodators. Honey and Mumford simplified learning styles as activists, reflectors, theorists and pragmatists. Neil Fleming's VARK model (Visual, Auditory, Read/write and Kinesthetic) is also popular. This study was carried out to determine the frequency of learning styles (Honey and Mumford) of medical students and its correlation with preferred teaching methodologies and academic achievements...
October 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Siobhain M O'Mahony, Amgad Sbayeh, Mary Horgan, Siun O'Flynn, Colm M P O'Tuathaigh
An improved understanding of the relationship between anatomy learning performance and approaches to learning can lead to the development of a more tailored approach to delivering anatomy teaching to medical students. This study investigated the relationship between learning style preferences, as measured by Visual, Aural, Read/write, and Kinesthetic (VARK) inventory style questionnaire and Honey and Mumford's learning style questionnaire (LSQ), and anatomy and clinical skills assessment performance at an Irish medical school...
July 8, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
Komal Marwaha, Anumeha Bhagat, Nandini Kapoor
This study was undertaken to determine the learning style preferences of first and 2nd year BDS students by administering VARK questionnaire. Stepping stone method was used to identify sensory modality preference of each student. 51% students preferred single mode of learning style (27% kinesthetic, 15% aural, 6% read/write and 3% visual mode of learning style). 49% students preferred multiple modes (23% bi-modal, 17% tri-modal, 9% had quad-modal preference). The mean V, A, R, K scores were determined and compared using Mann-Whitney U test...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Anumeha Bhagat, Rashmi Vyas, Tejinder Singh
BACKGROUND: Individualization of instructional method does not contribute significantly to learning outcomes although it is known that students have differing learning styles (LSs). Hence, in order to maximally enhance learning, one must try to use a mixed method approach. HYPOTHESIS: Our hypothesis was that awareness of preferred LS and motivation to incorporate multiple learning strategies might enhance learning outcomes. AIM: Our aim was to determine the impact of awareness of LS among medical undergraduates and motivating students to use mixed methods of learning...
August 2015: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Gary J Farkas, Ewa Mazurek, Jane R Marone
The VARK learning style is a pedagogical focus in health care education. This study examines relationships of course performance vs. VARK learning preference, study time, and career plan among students enrolled in an undergraduate anatomy and physiology course at a large urban university. Students (n = 492) from the fall semester course completed a survey consisting of the VARK questionnaire, gender, academic year, career plans, and estimated hours spent per week in combined classroom and study time. Seventy-eight percent of students reported spending 15 or fewer hours per week studying...
March 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
Amanda J Meyer, Norman J Stomski, Stanley I Innes, Anthony J Armson
Ubiquitous smartphone ownership and reduced face-to-face teaching time may lead to students making greater use of mobile technologies in their learning. This is the first study to report on the prevalence of mobile gross anatomy software applications (apps) usage in pre-clinical chiropractic students and to ascertain if a relationship exists between preferred learning styles as determined by the validated VARK(©) questionnaire and use of mobile anatomy apps. The majority of the students who completed the VARK questionnaire were multimodal learners with kinesthetic and visual preferences...
May 6, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
Roger H Kim, Timothy Gilbert
BACKGROUND: The learning style preferences of general surgery residents have been previously reported; there is evidence that residents who prefer read/write learning styles perform better on the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE). However, little is known regarding the learning style preferences of applicants to general surgery residency and their impact on educational outcomes. In this study, the preferred learning styles of surgical residency applicants were determined...
September 2015: Journal of Surgical Research
Siaw-Cheok Liew, Jagmohni Sidhu, Ankur Barua
BACKGROUND: Learning styles and approaches of individual undergraduate medical students vary considerably and as a consequence, their learning needs also differ from one student to another. This study was conducted to identify different learning styles and approaches of pre-clinical, undergraduate medical students and also to determine the relationships of learning preferences with performances in the summative examinations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected 419 pre-clinical, undergraduate medical students of the International Medical University (IMU) in Kuala Lumpur...
2015: BMC Medical Education
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