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Mohammad A Aldosari, Aljazi H Aljabaa, Fares S Al-Sehaibany, Sahar F Albarakati
Background: Students differ in their preferred methods of acquiring, processing, and recalling new information. The aim of this study was to investigate the learning style preferences of undergraduate dental students and examine the influence of gender, Grade Point Average (GPA), and academic year levels on these preferences. Methods: The Arabic version of the visual, aural, read/write, and kinesthetic (VARK) questionnaire was administered to 491 students from the first- to the fifth-year academic classes at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Najmeh Akhlaghi, Hosein Mirkazemi, Mehdi Jafarzade, Narjes Akhlaghi
Purpose: The present study aimed to identify learning preferences of dental students and it's relationships with the academic performance at Dental school, Isfahan, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study included 200 undergraduate dental students from October to November 2016. Data were collected using a questionnaire composed of two parts. The first part included demographic data and the second part was P version of visual, auditory, reading,writing, and kinesthetic (VARK) questionnaire...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Polly R Husmann, Valerie Dean O'Loughlin
The concept and existence of learning styles has been fraught with controversy, and recent studies have thrown their existence into doubt. Yet, many students still hold to the conventional wisdom that learning styles are legitimate, and may adapt their outside of class study strategies to match these learning styles. Thus, this study aims to assess if undergraduate anatomy students are more likely to utilize study strategies that align with their hypothetical learning styles (using the VARK analysis from Fleming and Mills, , Improve Acad...
March 13, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Roger H Kim, Rebecca K Viscusi, Ashley N Collier, Marie A Hunsinger, Mohsen M Shabahang, George M Fuhrman, James R Korndorffer
BACKGROUND: The VARK model categorizes learners by preferences for 4 modalities: visual, aural, read/write, and kinesthetic. Previous single-institution studies found that VARK preferences are associated with academic performance. This multi-institutional study was conducted to test the hypothesis that the VARK learning preferences of residents differ from the general population and that they are associated with performance on the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE)...
April 2018: Surgery
Nasser AlQahtani, Khalid AlMoammar, Sahar Taher, Sahar AlBarakati, Eman AlKofide
OBJECTIVE: To examine the learning style preferences of undergraduate dental students and determine the influence of gender on their selection. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from September 2016 to January 2017.The Arabic version of visual, audio, read/write, and kinaesthetic questionnaire was administered to students from the first to the fifth academic year...
January 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Laura C van Vark, Ivonne Lesman-Leegte, Sara J Baart, Douwe Postmus, Yigal M Pinto, Rudolf A de Boer, Folkert W Asselbergs, Elly M C J Wajon, Joke G Orsel, Eric Boersma, Hans L Hillege, K Martijn Akkerhuis
BACKGROUND: Several clinical studies have evaluated the association between galectin-3 levels and outcome in patients with heart failure (HF). However, little is known about the predictive value of repeated galectin-3 measurements. This study evaluates the prognostic value of repeated time-dependent galectin-3 measurements in acute HF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the TRIUMPH (Translational Initiative on Unique and Novel Strategies for Management of Patients with Heart Failure) clinical cohort study, 496 acute HF patients were enrolled in 14 hospitals in The Netherlands, between 2009 and 2014...
November 29, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Laura C van Vark, Ivonne Lesman-Leegte, Sara J Baart, Douwe Postmus, Yigal M Pinto, Joke G Orsel, B Daan Westenbrink, Hans P Brunner-la Rocca, Addy J M van Miltenburg, Eric Boersma, Hans L Hillege, K Martijn Akkerhuis
BACKGROUND: Several clinical studies have evaluated the association between ST2 and outcome in patients with heart failure (HF). However, little is known about the predictive value of frequently measured ST2 levels in patients with acute HF. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the prognostic value of baseline and repeated ST2 measurements in patients with acute HF. METHODS: In the TRIUMPH (Translational Initiative on Unique and novel strategies for Management of Patients with Heart failure) clinical cohort study, 496 patients with acute HF were enrolled in 14 hospitals in the Netherlands between 2009 and 2014...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Lisa McKenna, Beverley Copnell, Ashleigh E Butler, Rosalind Lau
Graduate entry programs leading to registration are gaining momentum in nursing. These programs attract student cohorts with professional, cultural, gender and age diversity. As a consequence of this diversity, such accelerated programs challenge traditional pedagogical methods used in nursing and require different approaches. To date, however, there has been limited research on the learning styles of students undertaking these programs to inform academics involved in their delivery. Kolb's Experiential Learning model has been used widely in a variety of educational settings because it is based on the theory of experiential learning...
October 12, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
Nkemcho Ojeh, Natasha Sobers-Grannum, Uma Gaur, Alaya Udupa, Md Anwarul Azim Majumder
INTRODUCTION: Educators need to be aware of different learning styles to effectively tailor instructional strategies and methods to cater to the students' learning needs and support a conductive learning environment. The VARK [an acronym for visual (V), aural (A), read/write (R) and kinesthetic (K)] instrument is a useful model to assess learning styles. The aim of this study was to use the VARK questionnaire to determine the learning styles of pre-clinical medical students in order to compare the perceived and assessed learning style preferences, assess gender differences in learning style preferences, and determine whether any relationships exists between awareness of learning styles and academic grades, age, gender and learning modality...
October 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Rebecca S Y Wong, Heng Loke Siow, Vinoth Kumarasamy, Nazrila Shaherah Fadhlullah Suhaimi
INTRODUCTION: The learner-centred approach in medical and health sciences education makes the study of learning preferences relevant and important. This study aimed to investigate the interdisciplinary, inter-institutional, gender and racial differences in the preferred learning styles among Malaysian medical and health sciences students in three Malaysian universities, namely SEGi University (SEGi), University of Malaya (UM) and Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR). It also investigated the differences in the preferred learning styles of these students between high achievers and non-high achievers...
October 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Nick van Boven, Isabella Kardys, Laura C van Vark, K Martijn Akkerhuis, Maurice W J de Ronde, Mohsin A F Khan, Daphne Merkus, Zhen Liu, Adriaan A Voors, Folkert W Asselbergs, Ewout-Jan van den Bos, Eric Boersma, Hans Hillege, Dirk J Duncker, Yigal M Pinto, Douwe Postmus
AIMS: Previous studies have identified candidate circulating microRNAs (circmiRs) as biomarkers for heart failure (HF) using relatively insensitive arrays, validated in small cohorts. The present study used RNA sequencing to identify novel candidate circmiRs and compared these with previously identified circmiRs in a large, prospective cohort of patients with acute HF (AHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: RNA sequencing of plasma from instrumented pigs was used to identify circmiRs produced by myocardium...
September 25, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
Mahnaz Shahrki Pour, Gholamreza Ghoreishinia, Sadegh Zare, Azizollah Arbabisarjou
INTRODUCTION: Every amazing human development in the modern world is resulted from learning; therefore, teaching and learning improvement are the bases of all activities. There is a wide-range of factors affecting learning and the identification of these factors is very important in fixing problems and deficiencies in educational systems. Among the factors contributing to academic achievement are the consideration of students' differences and identification of their learning styles. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to identify medical students' learning styles in terms of gender...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Mahnaz Shahrakipour, Azizollah Arbabisarjou, Sadegh Zare, Gholamreza Ghoreishinia
INTRODUCTION: learning is a human's natural tendencies; therefore, the identification of factors affecting it, is very important in fixing problems and deficiencies in educational systems. One of the factors contributing to students' academic achievement and increased learning outcome is to identify their learning styles leading to better and more satisfying learning. The aim of the present study was to examine learning styles in students of Medical Sciences. METHODOLOGY: The present descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 417 students of Medical Sciences selected based on cluster random sampling method in the academic year 2015-2016...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Salilthip Paiboonsithiwong, Natchaya Kunanitthaworn, Natchaphon Songtrijuck, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Tinakon Wongpakaran
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of various learning styles among medical students and their correlations with academic achievement and mental health problems in these students. METHODS: This study was conducted among 140 first-year medical students of Chiang Mai University, Thailand in 2014. The participants completed the visual-aural-read/write-kinesthetic (VARK) questionnaire, the results of which can be categorized into 4 modes, corresponding to how many of the 4 types are preferred by a respondent...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Dimitrios Papanagnou, Antonio Serrano, Kaitlyn Barkley, Shruti Chandra, Nicholas Governatori, Nicole Piela, Gregory K Wanner, Richard Shin
BACKGROUND: Students may have different learning styles. It is unclear, however, whether tailoring instructional methods for a student's preferred learning style improves educational outcomes when teaching procedures. The authors sought to examine whether teaching to a student's self-perceived learning style improved the acquisition of intravenous (IV) catheter placement skills. The authors hypothesized that matching a medical student's preferred learning style with the instructor's teaching style would increase the success of placing an IV catheter...
August 12, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Roger H Kim, Scott H Kurtzman, Ashley N Collier, Mohsen M Shabahang
BACKGROUND: Learning styles theory posits that learners have distinct preferences for how they assimilate new information. The VARK model categorizes learners based on combinations of 4 learning preferences: visual (V), aural (A), read/write (R), and kinesthetic (K). A previous single institution study demonstrated that the VARK preferences of applicants who interview for general surgery residency are different from that of the general population and that learning preferences were associated with performance on standardized tests...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Zahra Nasiri, Samane Gharekhani, Maryam Ghasempour
INTRODUCTION: Identifying and employing students' learning styles could play an important role in selecting appropriate teaching methods in order to improve education. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the students' final exam scores and the learning style preferences of dental students at Babol University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 88 dental students studying in their fourth, fifth, and sixth years using the visual-aural-reading/writing-kinesthetic (VARK) learning styles' questionnaire...
May 2016: Electronic Physician
Raffaele Altara, Marco Manca, Marleen H Hessel, Yumei Gu, Laura C van Vark, K Martijn Akkerhuis, Jan A Staessen, Harry A J Struijker-Boudier, George W Booz, W Matthijs Blankesteijn
Chemokines are involved in the remodeling of the heart; however, their significance as biomarkers in heart failure is unknown. We observed that circulating CXCR3 receptor chemokines CXCL9 and CXCL10 in a rat model of heart failure were increased 1 week after myocardial infarction. CXCL10 was also increased in both remote and infarcted regions of the heart and remained elevated at 16 weeks; CXCL9 was elevated in the remote area at 1 week. In humans, hierarchical clustering and principal component analysis revealed that circulating CXCL10, MIP-1α, and CD40 ligand were the best indicators for differentiating healthy and heart failure subjects...
August 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
Jorie Versmissen, Ranitha Vongpromek, Reyhana Yahya, Jeroen B van der Net, Leonie van Vark-van der Zee, Jeannette Blommesteijn-Touw, Darcos Wattimena, Trinet Rietveld, Clive R Pullinger, Christina Christoffersen, Björn Dahlbäck, John P Kane, Monique Mulder, Eric J G Sijbrands
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) risk inversely associates with levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The protective effect of HDL is thought to depend on its functionality, such as its ability to induce cholesterol efflux. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared plasma cholesterol efflux capacity between male familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) patients with and without CHD relative to their non-FH brothers, and examined HDL constituents including sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and its carrier apolipoprotein M (apoM)...
July 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Laura M Breij, Monique T Mulder, Leonie C van Vark-van der Zee, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega
INTRODUCTION: Body composition in early life influences development of obesity during childhood and beyond. Appetite-regulating hormones (ARH) play a role in regulation of food intake and might thus influence body composition in later life. Studies on associations between ARH and body composition in early life are limited. METHODS: In 197 healthy term infants, we measured serum fasting levels of ghrelin, leptin, insulin, glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP), pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and peptide YY (PYY) at 3 months and in 41 infants also at 6 months and their associations with type of feeding and longitudinal fat mass percentage (FM%) measured by air displacement plethysmography at 1, 3 and 6 months and abdominal visceral and subcutaneous fat, measured by ultrasound, at 3 and 6 months...
June 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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