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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428372/comparative-study-on-the-analgesic-effect-of-acute-ipsilateral-shoulder-pain-after-open-thoracotomy-between-preoperative-ultrasound-guided-suprascapular-nerve-block-snb-and-intraoperative-phrenic-nerve-infiltration-pni-in-cancer-lung-patients
#1
Bassel M Elfokery, Sahar A Tawfic, Abdelrahman M Abdelrahman, Dina N Abbas, Ikramy M Abdelghaffar
INTRODUCTION: Acute ipsilateral shoulder pain (ISP) is a common complaint in patients after thoracotomy. The incidence ranges from 21% to 97%. Unfortunately, clinical studies did not put enough focus on ISP post thoracic surgery. AIM OF THE WORK: This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of suprascapular nerve block (SNB) and phrenic nerve infiltration (PNI) for controlling ISP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five lung cancer patients (135) scheduled for open-lung surgery were randomly allocated into three equal groups; control group: received thoracic epidural with general anesthesia, suprascapular group: (SNB) one hour before the operation with 10 ml bupivacaine plus thoracic epidural with general anesthesia and phrenic nerve group: (PNI) was performed by the operating surgeon with 10 ml bupivacaine plus thoracic epidural with general anesthesia...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422745/assessment-for-efficacy-of-additional-breathing-exercises-over-improvement-in-health-impairment-due-to-asthma-assessed-using-st-george-s-respiratory-questionnaire
#2
Dipti Agarwal, Prem Parkash Gupta, Sushma Sood
Background: Breathing exercises have been described to be useful in asthma management by few researchers in the past. Objective: To assess the efficacy of breathing exercises (Pranayamas) added to regular optimal medications in asthma patients in improving health impairment using St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Methods: Sixty stable asthma patients (34 females) receiving optimal treatment at our institute for 3 months or more as per the Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines were included in the study...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340488/impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-the-pulmonary-changes-promoted-by-immersion-in-water
#3
Danize Aparecida Rizzetti, Janayna Rodembuch Borba Quadros, Bruna Esmerio Ribeiro, Letícia Callegaro, Aline Arebalo Veppo, Giulia Alessandra Wiggers, Franck Maciel Peçanha
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether different levels of CPAP improve the lung volumes and capacities of healthy subjects immersed in water. METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial, conducted between April and June of 2016, involving healthy female volunteers who were using oral contraceptives. Three 20-min immersion protocols were applied: control (no CPAP); CPAP5 (CPAP at 5 cmH2O); and CPAP10 (CPAP at 10 cmH2O). We evaluated HR, SpO2, FVC, FEV1, the FEV1/FVC ratio, peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), and FEF25-75%) at three time points: pre-immersion; 10 min after immersion; and 10 min after the end of each protocol...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319028/comparison-of-oral-montelukast-with-oral-ozagrel-in-acute-asthma-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#4
Rahul Magazine, Vyshak Uddur Surendra, Bharti Chogtu
BACKGROUND: The need for more effective management of acute asthma has led to research on drugs which are otherwise approved for use in chronic asthma. OBJECTIVE: To study and compare the effects of oral montelukast with oral ozagrel in acute asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients with acute asthma were recruited for the study. Out of 120 study patients, forty each were randomized into placebo, montelukast, and ozagrel groups...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278953/reduction-in-exhaled-nitric-oxide-tracks-improved-patient-inhaler-compliance-in-difficult-asthma-a-case-study
#5
Eoin Hunt, Deirdre Flynn, Elaine MacHale, Richard W Costello, Desmond M Murphy
INTRODUCTION: Exhaled nitric oxide is believed be a useful surrogate for airways inflammation while non-adherence with therapy is known to be associated with worsening of asthma control. CASE: We present the case of a 49-year-old female with steroid-dependent asthma and an exacerbation rate of >20/year. She was enrolled in a 3-month-long prospective study using a validated diagnostic inhaler device that provided objective evidence of inhaler compliance. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), peak expiratory flow rates, asthma control questionnaires were measured throughout the study period...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207697/effects-of-organophosphorus-pesticides-on-cardiorespiratory-parameters-among-the-farmers
#6
Udayakumar Karthika Priyadharshini, Radhakrishnan Latha, Ukkirapandian Kavitha, Natarajan Nirmala
Introduction: Indiscriminate use and improper handling of synthetic pesticides in agriculture have resulted in serious problems such as asthma, wheeze and chronic bronchitis among the farmers. Though number of studies have been done on pesticide exposure and its effect on cardiorespiratory parameters in Northern India, only few studies were done in Southern India, thus this study was chosen. Aim: To find the cardiorespiratory changes in farm workers exposed to organophosphorus pesticides...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182799/inhaled-magnesium-sulfate-in-the-treatment-of-acute-asthma
#7
REVIEW
Rachel Knightly, Stephen J Milan, Rodney Hughes, Jennifer A Knopp-Sihota, Brian H Rowe, Rebecca Normansell, Colin Powell
BACKGROUND: Asthma exacerbations can be frequent and range in severity from mild to life-threatening. The use of magnesium sulfate (MgSO₄) is one of numerous treatment options available during acute exacerbations. While the efficacy of intravenous MgSO₄ has been demonstrated, the role of inhaled MgSO₄ is less clear. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of inhaled MgSO₄ administered in acute asthma. SPECIFIC AIMS: to quantify the effects of inhaled MgSO₄ I) in addition to combination treatment with inhaled β₂-agonist and ipratropium bromide; ii) in addition to inhaled β₂-agonist; and iii) in comparison to inhaled β₂-agonist...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149776/effect-of-nebulized-3-hypertonic-saline-with-salbutamol-on-management-of-acute-asthma-in-outpatient-adults-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial-in-emergency-department
#8
Arash Forouzan, Kambiz Masoumi, Ali Delirrooyfard, Ali Asgari Darian, Laaya Mokhtar Gandomani
Asthma is one of the most common disorders of respiratory tract, management of which still remains as a serious health problem. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of 3% hypertonic saline (HS) plus salbutamol with solely salbutamol on management of acute adults' asthma based on peak flow meter findings. In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 340 adult patients with acute asthma attacks admitted to emergency department of Ahvaz Golestan and Emam hospitals were enrolled during 2014-2015. The patients were allocated randomly to intervention group (nebulized 2...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032888/calcium-channel-blockers-for-lung-function-improvement-in-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Kam Yu Chiu, Jian Guo Li, Ying Lin
BACKGROUND: For decades, calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been believed to play a role in asthma treatment. However, the clinical efficacy of CCBs for lung function improvement in patients with asthma has not been qualitatively evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of CCBs vs placebo on lung function test results in adults with asthma. METHODS: Various databases were systematically searched to identify all randomized clinical trials with adults with asthma...
December 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016356/decline-in-lung-function-among-cement-production-workers-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Somayeh Rahimi Moghadam, Siavosh Abedi, Mahdi Afshari, Ehsan Abedini, Mahmood Moosazadeh
BACKGROUND: Several studies with different results have been performed regarding cement dust exposure and its pathogenic outcomes during the previous years. This study aims to combine these results to obtain a reliable estimate of the effect of exposure to cement dust. METHODS: PubMed and other data banks were searched to identify required electronic articles. The search was extended interviewing with relevant experts and research centers. Point and pooled estimates of outcome with 95% confidence intervals were estimated...
October 10, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951801/occupational-tasks-influencing-lung-function-and-respiratory-symptoms-among-charcoal-production-workers-a-time-series-study
#11
Walaiporn Pramchoo, Alan F Geater, Silom Jamulitrat, Sarayut L Geater, Boonsin Tangtrakulwanich
BACKGROUND: Tasks involved in traditional charcoal production expose workers to various levels of charcoal dust and wood smoke. This study aimed to identify specific tasks influencing lung function and respiratory symptoms. METHODS: Interviews, direct observation, and task/symptom checklists were used to collect data from 50 charcoal-production workers on 3 nonwork days followed by 11 workdays. The peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) was measured four times per day...
September 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764150/modulation-of-lung-function-by-increased-nitric-oxide-production
#12
Md Nazrul Islam, Ram Lochan Yadav, Prakash Kumar Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking reduces endogenous Nitric Oxide (NO) production by reducing Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS) activity, which is one of the probable reason for increased rate of pulmonary diseases in smokers. Nitric oxide/oxygen blends are used in critical care to promote capillary and pulmonary dilation to treat several pulmonary vascular diseases. Among several supplements, the highest NOS activation has been proved for garlic with its unique mechanism of action. AIM: To investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of NO producing garlic on pulmonary function of smokers...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762366/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-exercise-induced-bronchospasm-among-rural-school-children-in-ilesa-nigeria
#13
Bankole Peter Kuti, Demilade Kehinde Kuti, Kehinde Oluyori Omole, Lasisi Oluwafemi Mohammed, Busayo Gideon Ologun, Bolanle Idowu Oso
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) assessed using changes in peak expiratory flow rates (PEFRs) to free range exercise is a relatively cheap way of screening for asthma in resource-poor centres where children with asthma are often undiagnosed and poorly managed. This study sets out to determine the prevalence and factors associated with EIB among rural schoolchildren in Ilesa, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Children aged 8-16 years from two middle schools in rural Ilesa were selected by multistage sampling...
April 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702440/association-between-exercise-induced-asthma-and-parental-socio-economic-status-among-school-aged-adolescents-in-a-semiurban-community-in-nigeria
#14
Adekola A Adewumi, Rufus A Adedoyin, Taofeek O Awotidebe, Gregory E Erhabor, Olayemi F Awopeju, Rita N Ativie, Kayode I Oke
This study investigated the prevalence and association between exercise-induced asthma (EIA) and parental socio-economic status (PSES) among school-aged adolescents in a semiurban community in Nigeria. Three hundred and eighty-five adolescents (185 male and 200 female adolescents) whose ages ranged between 10 and 19 years participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants were recruited from four government approved secondary schools in Ido-Ekiti using a multistage sampling technique. Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) was assessed at baseline and after 6-min run test (6-MRT) on a level playing ground using a standard peak flow meter...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689213/respiratory-abnormalities-among-occupationally-exposed-non-smoking-brick-kiln-workers-from-punjab-india
#15
Supriya Tandon, Sharat Gupta, Sharanjeet Singh, Avnish Kumar
BACKGROUND: Brick manufacturing industry is one of the oldest and fast-growing industries in India that employs a large section of people. Brick kiln workers are occupationally exposed to air pollutants. Nonetheless, only a few studies have so far been conducted on their respiratory health. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent of respiratory impairment in brick kiln workers and to correlate it with the duration of exposure. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted...
July 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671166/effects-of-oral-montelukast-on-airway-function-in-acute-asthma-a-randomized-trial
#16
Alisha Chaudhury, Gajanan S Gaude, Jyothi Hattiholi
BACKGROUND: The role of leukotriene receptor antagonist is well known in the management of chronic asthma, but their efficacy in acute exacerbation of asthma is unknown. The present study was done to evaluate the clinical efficacy of oral montelukast as an add on therapy to the usual standard therapy of acute attack of bronchial asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized single-blinded controlled study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital. A total of 162 patients with age >18 years of acute exacerbations due to bronchial asthma were included in the study...
July 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671152/effect-of-analgesia-on-the-changes-in-respiratory-parameters-in-blunt-chest-injury-with-multiple-rib-fractures
#17
Eyo Effiong Ekpe, Catherine Eyo
BACKGROUND: Blunt chest injury with multiple rib fractures can result in such complications as pneumonia, atelectasis, bronchiectasis, empyema thoracis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and prolonged Intensive Care Unit and hospital stay, with its concomitant mortality. These may be prevented or reduced by good analgesic therapy which is the subject of this study. METHODS: This was a prospective study of effects of analgesia on changes in pulmonary functions of patients with traumatic multiple rib fractures resulting from blunt chest injury...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658755/occurrence-of-copd-in-patients-with-respiratory-allergy-a-clinico-spirometric-evaluation-in-a-tertiary-hospital-kolkata
#18
Sujoy Mukherjee, Goutam Banerjee, Debajyoti Das, Anil Baran Singha Mahapatra
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is established as the most important causative factor responsible for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Occurrence of allergy in COPD patients causes acute exacerbation of this disease, but role of allergy is not established in aetiopathogenesis of COPD. AIM: The present study was aimed at evaluation of occurrence of COPD in patients having symptoms suggestive of respiratory allergy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate occurrence of COPD in patients having respiratory allergic symptoms by routine spirometric screening...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635359/thoracic-paravertebral-block-versus-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-for-pain-treatment-in-patients-with-multiple-rib-fractures
#19
Ge Yeying, Yuan Liyong, Chen Yuebo, Zhang Yu, Ye Guangao, Ma Weihu, Zhao Liujun
Objectives To assess the effect of thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) on pain management and preservation of pulmonary function compared with intravenous, patient-controlled analgesia (IVPCA) in patients with multiple rib fractures (MRFs). Methods Ninety patients with unilateral MRFs were included in this prospective study and randomly assigned to the TPVB or IVPCA group. The visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score, blood gas analysis, and bedside spirometry were measured and recorded at different time points after analgesia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560545/relationships-among-peak-expiratory-flow-rate-body-composition-physical-function-and-sarcopenia-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Takeshi Kera, Hisashi Kawai, Hirohiko Hirano, Motonaga Kojima, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Shuichi Obuchi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although respiratory muscle strength is known to decrease with age, the relationship between pulmonary function and sarcopenia remains to be examined. The present study aimed to determine the relationship between peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and skeletal muscle mass/sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: We utilized data from 427 older adults (age 74.4 ± 5.3 years, men/women 157/270) who had participated in the 2015 Otassha Kenshin, a longitudinal study that excluded participants with air-flow limitations...
May 30, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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