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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057838/temporal-evolution-of-thoracocentesis-induced-changes-in-spirometry-and-respiratory-muscle-pressures
#1
Stylianos A Michaelides, George D Bablekos, Antonis Analitis, George Ionas, Petros Bakakos, Konstantinos A Charalabopoulos
BACKGROUND: Several studies investigated the effects of thoracocentesis on aspects of respiratory function without generally ensuring absence of coexistent lung pathology or homogeneity in initial size of the effusion. METHODS: We studied 90 patients aged 61.6±15.9 years (mean±SD) separated into a group A with small-sized or medium-sized effusion (A=56 patients) and a group B with large and massive one (B=34 patients). There was no significant lung lesion or cardiovascular pathology...
January 5, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032061/indoor-environmental-factors-and-occurrence-of-lung-function-decline-in-adult-residents-in-summer-in-southwest-china
#2
Yu Jie, Li Kebin, Tang Yin, Xu Jie
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting reports on the respiratory health effects of indoor risk factor exposure. The aim of this study was to assess the association of indoor environmental factors to pulmonary function in an adult population in Zunyi City of Southwest China. METHODS: Between July and Sep 2012, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of people aged ≥18 yr in 11 inner-city areas of Zunyi. Data on asthma and asthma-related symptoms and selected home environmental factors were assessed by questionnaire...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976662/respiratory-function-in-vocal-soloists-opera-singers-and-wind-instrument-musicians
#3
Helen Ksinopoulou, Chryssa Hatzoglou, Zoe Daniil, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis, Helen Karetsi
INTRODUCTION: Current studies have not yet reached a definitive conclusion on the effects of singing and playing wind instruments professionally on an individual's respiratory function. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the respiratory function of wind instrument players and opera singers in comparison with a group of healthy individuals. METHODS: The experimental group comprised 45 men and 35 women, 58 opera singers and vocal soloists in total and 22 wind instruments players...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941715/peak-expiratory-flow-rate-pefr-in-first-and-third-trimester-of-pregnancy
#4
M R Zannat, A Nessa
In this cross sectional study peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) were estimated in pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy and in third trimester of pregnancy, to observe the alteration in airflow rate during pregnancy. This cross sectional study carried out in the Department of Physiology of Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2014 to June 2015. For this purpose, total 300 women with age ranged from 18 to 35 years without any recent history of respiratory diseases were selected and divided into 100 healthy non pregnant women as control group and 200 normal pregnant women as study group...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894507/do-simple-beside-lung-function-tests-predict-morbidity-after-rib-fractures
#5
Christopher A Butts, John J Brady, Sara Wilhelm, Laura Castor, Alicia Sherwood, Abby McCall, John Patch, Pamela Jones, Vicente Cortes, Adrian W Ong
BACKGROUND: We evaluated if incentive spirometry volume (ISV) and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) could predict acute respiratory failure (ARF) in patients with rib fractures. METHODS: Normotensive, co-operative patients were enrolled prospectively. ISV and PEFR were measured on admission, at 24 h and at 48 h by taking the best of three readings each time. The primary outcome, ARF, was defined as requiring invasive or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation...
November 19, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888045/effects-of-tiotropium-on-lung-function-in-current-smokers-and-never-smokers-with-bronchial-asthma
#6
Makoto Yoshida, Yasuko Kaneko, Akiko Ishimatsu, Masashi Komori, Tomoaki Iwanaga, Hiromasa Inoue
The effects of tiotropium, an inhaled long-acting muscarinic antagonist, on lung function were investigated in current smokers and nonsmokers with asthma treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) and other asthma controllers: inhaled long-acting β2 agonists, leukotriene receptor antagonists, and/or theophylline. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of an inhaled single dose of tiotropium in 9 asthmatics currently smoking and 9 asthmatics who have never smoked in a crossover manner. Lung function was measured before and 1, 3, and 24 h after inhalation of 18 μg of tiotropium or a placebo...
November 22, 2016: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865240/prediction-equations-for-spirometry-in-adults-in-western-india
#7
Unnati Desai, Jyotsna M Joshi, S K Chhabra, Mujeeb-Ur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Spirometry is an essential investigation in pulmonology. The predicted normal spirometry values depend on various physiological parameters. This study was conducted to collect updated information on pulmonary functions in normal adults from western India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken at a tertiary hospital in Mumbai enrolling healthy subjects, 18-75 years, with ethnic origin from western India. Spirometry measurements were carried out as per ATS/ERS-2005 guidelines using a non-heated Fleish Pneumotachograph spirometer...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853055/health-status-assessment-of-workers-during-construction-phase-of-highway-rehabilitation-projects-around-lahore-pakistan
#8
Amina Abrar, Kausar Jamal Cheema, Samia Saif, Asim Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: The study focused on assessment of the health status of workers during construction phase of highway rehabilitation projects at six selected sites of N5 around Lahore, including Kala Shah Kaku, Muridke, Kamuki, Bhaipheru, Pattoki, and Okara. METHODS: The study was based on multi-methods approach involving hazard identification through survey and checklist as well as a questionnaire for health status assessment and measurements of health parameters including peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and audiometric screening of 300 subjects...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834336/evaluation-of-symptoms-spirometry-in-children-treated-for-asthma
#9
Shobi Anandi, Milind S Tullu, Keya Lahiri
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Spirometry plays an important role in the assessment and long term monitoring of patients with asthma. Difficulty in performing spirometry in children has resulted in a paucity of Indian studies using spirometry regularly for research in the paediatric population. This study was undertaken to assess the clinical improvement and changes in spirometric measurements with treatment in children with newly diagnosed asthma and to compare the changes in the symptom score and spirometric measurements...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790554/comparison-between-thoracic-epidural-block-and-thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-post-thoracotomy-pain-relief
#10
Soniya Biswas, Reetu Verma, Vinod Kumar Bhatia, Ajay Kumar Chaudhary, Girish Chandra, Ravi Prakash
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pain after thoracotomy is being considered one of the most severe pain and if not treated well, can result in various respiratory and other complications. AIM: Present study was conducted with the aim to compare continuous thoracic epidural infusion with continuous paravertebral infusion for postoperative pain using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score and four point observer ranking. The secondary outcomes measured were pulmonary functions and any complication like hypotension, bradycardia, nausea, vomiting, urinary retention and neurological complications if any...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771645/prediction-equations-for-spirometry-for-children-from-northern-india
#11
Sunil K Chhabra, Rajeev Kumar, Vikas Mittal
OBJECTIVE: To develop prediction equations for spirometry for children from northern India using current international guidelines for standardization. DESIGN: Re-analysis of cross-sectional data from a single school. PARTICIPANTS: 670 normal children (age 6-17 y; 365 boys) of northern Indian parentage. METHODS: After screening for normal health, we carried out spirometry with recommended quality assurance according to current guidelines...
September 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721534/a-prospective-randomized-study-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-rosuvastatin-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-pulmonary-hypertension
#12
Bharti Chogtu, Sanitha Kuriachan, Rahul Magazine, K Ranjan Shetty, Asha Kamath, Manu Mathew George, Amruta Tripathy, D Mahesh Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Statins by their anti-inflammatory and endothelial stabilizing effect can be beneficial in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pulmonary hypertension (PH). The present study was done to evaluate the effect of rosuvastatin on pulmonary functions and quality of life (QOL) in patients with concomitant COPD and PH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, study conducted in patients with COPD and PH...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685877/the-efficacy-of-bronchial-thermoplasty-for-severe-persistent-asthma-the-first-national-experience
#13
D C Watchorn, A Sahadevan, J J Egan, S J Lane
There is an unmet need for new therapies in severe persistent asthma. Bronchial thermoplasty is a bronchoscopic procedure which employs radiofrequency energy to reduce airway smooth muscle and has been demonstrated to improve symptomatic control in severe persistent asthma in other populations. Seven patients have completed bronchial thermoplasty at a tertiary referral centre in Ireland. Asthma Control Test scores and data on hospitalisations, exacerbations, maintenance corticosteroid requirements, rescue bronchodilator use and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) were compared one year before and one year post treatment...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652119/air-quality-index-from-charcoal-production-sites-carboxyheamoglobin-and-lung-function-among-occupationally-exposed-charcoal-workers-in-south-western-nigeria
#14
O O Olujimi, G R E E Ana, O O Ogunseye, V T Fabunmi
Charcoal production is often accompanied with gaseous and particulate emission into the atmosphere and occupationally exposed workers could be affected. This cross sectional comparative study was carried out to assess the levels of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM2.5) generated during the phases of charcoal production and their relationship with certain biomarkers among charcoal workers (subjects) and non-charcoal workers (controls) such as carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb), forced expiratory volume in the first second of expiration (FEV1), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and body mass index (BMI) in Igbo-Ora, Oyo State and Alabata, Ogun State, which are two of the major hubs of charcoal production in South Western Nigeria...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605967/respiratory-effects-of-biomass-fuel-combustion-on-rural-fish-smokers-in-a-nigerian-fishing-settlement-a-case-control-study
#15
Paul Dienye, Alex Akani, Ita Okokon
BACKGROUD: The aim was to study the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and assess the lung function of fish smokers in Nigeria. METHODS: A case control study was done among fish smokers in Nigeria. Women aged 15 years or older (n=210) involved in fish smoking and equal number of matched controls were interviewed on respiratory symptoms and their peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) measured. Data was analysed using chi square test, student's t-test and odd ratios. RESULTS: Both groups were similar in their personal characteristics...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553595/can-pfts-differentiate-pvfmd-from-subglottic-stenosis
#16
Liuba Soldatova, Candace Hrelec, Laura Matrka
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the results of routine spirometry and flow volume loops (Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs)) can be used to distinguish Paradoxic Vocal Fold Movement Disorder (PVFMD) from Subglottic Stenosis (SGS). METHODS: PFT records and medical history of 49 patients with diagnosis of PVFMD and 39 patients with SGS were compared. Groups were then subdivided to compare PFTs in patients with and without smoking history or lung disease. RESULTS: Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and Expiratory Disproportion Index (ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) over PEFR (FEV1/PEFR)) were both significantly different between patients with SGS and those with PVFMD (p<0...
December 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525116/comparison-of-diaphragmatic-breathing-exercise-volume-and-flow-incentive-spirometry-on-diaphragm-excursion-and-pulmonary-function-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Gopala Krishna Alaparthi, Alfred Joseph Augustine, R Anand, Ajith Mahale
Objective. To evaluate the effects of diaphragmatic breathing exercises and flow and volume-oriented incentive spirometry on pulmonary function and diaphragm excursion in patients undergoing laparoscopic abdominal surgery. Methodology. We selected 260 patients posted for laparoscopic abdominal surgery and they were block randomization as follows: 65 patients performed diaphragmatic breathing exercises, 65 patients performed flow incentive spirometry, 65 patients performed volume incentive spirometry, and 65 patients participated as a control group...
2016: Minimally Invasive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522379/predischarge-screening-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-smoking-history
#18
Gianluca Campo, Rita Pavasini, Carlo Barbetta, Elisa Maietti, Susanna Mascetti, Simone Biscaglia, Fatima Zaraket, Giosafat Spitaleri, Francesco Gallo, Elisabetta Tonet, Alberto Papi, Roberto Ferrari, Marco Contoli
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggested that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is largely underdiagnosed in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) contributing to further affect clinical outcome. Our aim was to validate a screening procedure to identify, in ACS patients, those with negligible risk of undiagnosed COPD. METHODS: From December 2014 to August 2015, 169 ACS patients with smoking history underwent screening procedure. Screening procedure combined peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR, defined as positive if <80% of predicted) and respiratory health status questionnaire (RHSQ, defined as positive if >19...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501539/pulmonary-function-studies-in-female-singers-of-kolkata-india
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Anindita Singha Roy, Amit Bandyopadhyay
Singing performance is based on the efficiency of the respiratory system. The present study was aimed to evaluate the results of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in female singers of Kolkata, India and to compare the data with their sedentary counterparts from India and abroad. The study was also aimed to propose prediction norms for PFTs in both the groups. Fifty-six female singers and fifty-two female non-singers (control group) with similar socioeconomic backgrounds were randomly sampled from the Rabindrabharati University, Kolkata...
December 2015: Journal of Human Ergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497672/pulmonary-function-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-effects-of-hemodialysis-and-fluid-overload
#20
Süreyya Yılmaz, Yasar Yildirim, Zülfükar Yilmaz, Ali Veysel Kara, Mahsuk Taylan, Melike Demir, Mehmet Coskunsel, Ali Kemal Kadiroglu, Mehmet Emin Yilmaz
BACKGROUND Respiratory system disorders are one of the most prevalent complications in end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. However, the pathogenesis of impaired pulmonary functions has not been completely elucidated in these patients. We designed a study to investigate acute effects of hemodialysis treatment on spirometry parameters, focusing on the relationship between pulmonary function and fluid status in hemodialysis patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 54 hemodialysis patients in this study...
August 7, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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