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Renata Spósito Roxo, Vivian Bertoni Xavier, Luiz Antônio Miorin, Andrea Olivares Magalhães, Yvoty Alves Dos Santos Sens, Vera Lúcia Dos Santos Alves
Introduction: Literature shows that patients undergoing hemodialysis present poor physical conditioning and low tolerance to exercise. They may also suffer from respiratory dysfunctions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on pulmonary function and functional capacity of patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis. Methods: Forty adult patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis were prospectively studied and randomized into two groups (control n = 20 and treatment n = 20)...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
R K Osman, K Mortimer, G Bjune, A I El Sony
Background: Chronic respiratory disease (CRD) causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Although the global CRD epidemic collides with the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in many low- and middle-income country settings, the risk of TB-associated CRD is not well described in countries with a high burden of TB. Methods: We recruited 136 patients with a history of sputum smear-positive pulmonary TB (PTB) from the TB clinic at Omdurman Teaching Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan, and 136 age- and sex-matched community controls, between 28 July 2013 and 30 December 2013...
September 2016: Public Health Action
José Luis González-Montesinos, Jesús Gustavo Ponce-González, Davinia Vicente-Campos, José López-Chicharro, Jorge Del Rosario Fernández-Santos, Carmen Vaz-Pardal, José Luis Costa-Sepúlveda, Julio Conde-Caveda, José Castro-Piñero
Introducción y objetivos: un dispositivo llamado FeelBreathe ® (FB) se ha diseñado, desarrollado y patentado para el entrenamiento de la musculatura inspiratoria (IMT). Para examinar los efectos de FB en la ventilación pulmonar y el intercambio gaseoso durante el ejercicio, se tomaron medidas de 27 voluntarios varones sanos entrenados (edad: 32,5 ± 7,2 años). Métodos: al inicio del estudio se midieron tanto la presión inspiratoria máxima estática (PIM) y la capacidad pulmonar mediante espirometría...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
M Antònia Llauger, Alba Rosas, Felip Burgos, Elena Torrente, Ricard Tresserras, Joan Escarrabill
OBJECTIVE: Examine the accessibility and use of forced spirometry (FS) in public primary care facilities centers in Catalonia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using a survey. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred sixty-six Primary Care Teams (PCT) in Catalonia. Third quarter of 2010. MEASUREMENTS: Survey with information on spirometers, training, interpretation and quality control, and the priority that the quality of spirometry had for the team...
June 2014: Atencion Primaria
Jose Luis López-Campos, Joan B Soriano, Myriam Calle
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the availability and practice of spirometry, training of technicians, and spirometer features and maintenance in Spain in both primary care (PC) and secondary care (SC) centers. METHODS: We used a nationwide, cross-sectional, 36-item telephone survey of health-care centers in Spain to target the technician in charge of conducting spirometries in PC and SC centers where outpatient respiratory patients are routinely evaluated. The questions surveyed for resources, training, spirometer use, bronchodilator tests, and spirometer features and maintenance...
August 2013: Chest
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