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E A Devyatova, K A Tsaturova, E V Vartanyan
Many of the uterine infertility factors are associated with chronic endometritis. Its prevalence reaches 92.6%. Quality of endometrial transformation during the "implantation window" is the basis of successful fertility. In our retrospective comparative study of 101 in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles, the efficacy of transvaginal Doppler ultrasound (TVDUS) in predicting successful implantation was evaluated. Inclusion criteria were as follows: age younger than 41 years and good quality of embryos. Exclusion criteria were as follows: 41 and older age, poor quality of embryos and uterine cavity lesions...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Gözde Işik, Şayeste Demirezen, Hanife Güler Dönmez, Mehmet Sinan Beksaç
CONTEXT: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is related to the increased risk of miscarriage, preterm labor, and postpartum endometritis. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between BV and the history of spontaneous abortion and recurrent pregnancy losses. We also examined periods of gestation, including the first and second trimester miscarriages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 200 fertile women. Sixty one (30...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
Benedetta Gui, Francesco Maria Danza, Anna Lia Valentini, Maria Elena Laino, Alessandro Caruso, Brigida Carducci, Elena Rodolfino, Ersilia Devicienti, Lorenzo Bonomo
Cesarean section (CS) may have several acute complications that can occur in the early postoperative period. The most common acute complications are hematomas and hemorrhage, infection, ovarian vein thrombosis, uterine dehiscence and rupture. Pelvic hematomas usually occur at specific sites and include bladder flap hematoma (between the lower uterine segment and the bladder) and subfascial or rectus sheath hematoma (rectus sheath or prevescical space). Puerperal hemorrhage can be associated with uterine dehiscence or rupture...
October 19, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Chunyan Shao, Heng Wang, Xiaodu Wang, Sheng Jiang, Jing Sun, Houhui Song, Jianji Li
Endometritis is a common puerperal disease in livestock. Thus, a practical clinical test for the establishment of diagnosis is needed. We developed a goat model for subclinical endometritis diagnosis by examining cytological, ultrastructural features and molecular expression in cervical discharge collected by cervical cytobrush method. A suspension of E. coli was infused into the uterine horn of goats, and cervical discharge, peripheral blood and endomertrial biopsy samples were collected before inoculation and at 3, 6, 12, 24, 72, 120 and 168 hr post-inoculation (pi)...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
S F Lax
Endometritis is nowadays rare in developed countries and typically shows a subclinical or mild course; therefore, there are probably more cases of endometritis than diagnosed but they lack clinical relevance. In the fertile period of life it can be the reason for vaginal bleeding and infertility. The most common causes for non-specific endometritis are residual placental tissue after abortion or childbirth, intrauterine interventions, lesions within the uterine cavity, such as endometrial polyps, endometrial hyperplasia and neoplasms, intrauterine devices (IUD) and cervical stenosis...
October 13, 2016: Der Pathologe
Charles F Scoggin
Endometritis is characterized by inflammation of the endometrial lining of the uterus and is a leading cause of subfertility in broodmares. When traditional therapies fall short, nonconventional means can be used either to supplement or in lieu of customary practices to manage endometritis. This article reviews alternative therapies available for use in broodmare practice and provides anecdotal and scientific evidence supporting their use.
October 8, 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
Mariya Angelova, Emil Kovachev, Veselina Tsankova, Iliana Koleva, Silvia Mangarova
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of chlamydial infection among pregnant women and to determine the role of this infection in the fetus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the first phase of this study were reported 58 pregnant women with a positive test for active chlamydial infection by applying immunofluorescence. In the second phase of the study were reported pregnant with premature burst membranes (PBM), postnatal complications associated with chlamydial infection as puerperal endometritis, and newborns are monitored for low birth weight and growth retardation at birth...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Terttu Katila
This review suggests a classification for uterine diseases of mares. Information is presented on the prevalence of endometritis in the past and at present. The review describes uterine sampling techniques for mares: swabbing, cytobrushing, low volume lavage and biopsy. The performance of culture, cytology and histology and threshold values is discussed. Correlations between different diagnostic methods and fertility are presented, as well as specificities, sensitivities and positive and negative predictive values of the diagnostic methods...
September 2016: Reproductive Biology
C E Fedorka, K E Scoggin, E M Woodward, E L Squires, B A Ball, Mht Troedsson
In the horse, breeding induces a transient endometrial inflammation. A subset of mares are unable to resolve this inflammation, and they are considered susceptible to persistent mating-induced endometritis PMIE Select seminal plasma proteins cysteine-rich secretory protein-3 (CRISP-3) and lactoferrin have been shown to affect the innate immune response to sperm in vitro. The objective of this study was to determine whether the addition of CRISP-3 and lactoferrin at the time of insemination had an effect on the mRNA expression of endometrial cytokines in susceptible mares after breeding...
September 30, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Alan T N Tita, Jeff M Szychowski, Kim Boggess, George Saade, Sherri Longo, Erin Clark, Sean Esplin, Kirsten Cleary, Ron Wapner, Kellett Letson, Michelle Owens, Adi Abramovici, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Gary Cutter, William Andrews
Background The addition of azithromycin to standard regimens for antibiotic prophylaxis before cesarean delivery may further reduce the rate of postoperative infection. We evaluated the benefits and safety of azithromycin-based extended-spectrum prophylaxis in women undergoing nonelective cesarean section. Methods In this trial conducted at 14 centers in the United States, we studied 2013 women who had a singleton pregnancy with a gestation of 24 weeks or more and who were undergoing cesarean delivery during labor or after membrane rupture...
September 29, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
A Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
A Geyer, T Poth, C Otzdorff, L Daub, S Reese, J Braun, B Walter
A total of 13 rabbits were treated with a subcutaneous deslorelin long-term release implant (4.7 mg) to study the effect on ovarian function and histologic features of the uterus. Seven rabbits (group 1) were implanted with a slow-release deslorelin implant before onset of puberty for 273 days as a part of a previous study. After resumption of ovarian function had been confirmed, they were implanted again at the age of 430 days. Six adult rabbits (>177 days old; group 2) were implanted with a slow-release deslorelin implant for 273 days...
July 28, 2016: Theriogenology
Varsha L Deshmukh, Milind Jadhav, Kanan Yelikar
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To review the effects of obesity (BMI > 30) on antepartum risk/intrapartum risk. To study neonatal outcome of pregnant women with raised BMI. MATERIAL METHOD: BMI of 500 pregnant women booked before 12 weeks calculated and categorised as normal, overweight, obese and morbidly obese at GMCH, Aurangabad. Pregnant women with systemic disease and previous LSCS were excluded. Antepartum, intrapartum and neonatal variables were studied, and statistical analysis was carried out...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Hamideh Pakniat, Fatemeh Mohammadi, Fatemeh Ranjkesh
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether MSAF is associated with endometritis after delivery. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted from 2012 to 2013 in Kosar Hospital of Qazvin, Iran. All women with cesarean delivery (1239 women) beyond 37 weeks of gestational age participated in the study. Data were collected on rates of endomyometritis, quality of amniotic fluid and were analyzed with bivariate and multivariate statistics. Probability values of <...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Patricia Bellows, Utsavi Shah, Lauren Hawley, Kathleen Drexler, Manisha Gandhi, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Christina Davidson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal-neonatal morbidity for women undergoing trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) following clinical practice changes based upon ACOG's 2010 VBAC guideline. STUDY DESIGN: Four-year retrospective cohort analysis around implementation of a hospital guideline in women undergoing TOLAC with a live, cephalic, singleton without lethal anomaly ≥24 weeks and ≥1 prior cesarean. Maternal-neonatal outcomes pre- and post-guideline implementation were compared...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Raditya Perdhana, Sutrisno Sutrisno, Yani Jane Sugiri, Siti Candra Windu Baktiyani, Arsana Wiyasa
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease which can affect various organs, including human's genital organs such as the endometrium. Tuberculosis endometritis can cause clinical symptoms of secondary amenorrhea and infertility. Infertility in genital TB caused by the involvement of the endometrium. The case presentation is 33-year-old woman from dr. Saiful Anwar Public Hospital to consult that she has not menstruated since 5 years ago (28 years old). The diagnosis was done by performing a clinical examination until the diagnosis of secondary amenorrhea due to tuberculosis endometritis is obtained...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Lobat Jafarzadeh, Hajar Hojjati
INTRODUCTION: Cesarean delivery is the most common and costly gynaecologic surgery, with an increase in rate all over the world. AIM: The present study aimed to estimate the effect of uterine cavity cleansing with normal saline solution during cesarean delivery on the rate of infection, fever, bleeding and postoperative gastrointestinal complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a clinical trial carried out on 90 pregnant women who underwent elective cesarean delivery...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Maria Giovanna Marini, Claudia Perrini, Paola Esposti, Bruna Corradetti, Davide Bizzaro, Pietro Riccaboni, Eleonora Fantinato, Giuseppe Urbani, Giorgio Gelati, Fausto Cremonesi, Anna Lange-Consiglio
BACKGROUND: Endometritis reduces fertility and is responsible for major economic losses in beef and dairy industries. The aim of this study was to evaluate an alternative therapy using platelet-rich plasma (PRP). PRP was tested in vivo, after bovine intrauterine administration, and in vitro on endometrial cells. METHODS: Bovine endometrial cells were cultured until passage (P) 10 with 5 % or 10 % PRP. Effect of PRP on endometrial cell proliferation and on the expression of genes [prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (COX2), tumor protein p53 (TP53), oestrogen receptors (ER-α and ER-β), progesterone receptor (PR) and c-Myc] involved in the regulation of oestrus cycle and fetal-maternal interaction were evaluated...
2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Margarita V Revzin, Mahan Mathur, Haatal B Dave, Matthew L Macer, Michael Spektor
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common medical problem, with almost 1 million cases diagnosed annually. Historically, PID has been a clinical diagnosis supplemented with the findings from ultrasonography (US) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. However, the diagnosis of PID can be challenging because the clinical manifestations may mimic those of other pelvic and abdominal processes. Given the nonspecific clinical manifestations, computed tomography (CT) is commonly the first imaging examination performed...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Monika Sikora, Jarosław Król, Marcin Nowak, Tadeusz Stefaniak, Gudmar Aubertsson, Roland Kozdrowski
BACKGROUND: Endometritis is a common problem in a broodmare practice, often leading to infertility. The diagnosis is based on several methods such as cytology, bacteriology and histopathology; however the outcome of these methods may be inconclusive even when used together. The objectives of this study were: (1) to investigate the usefulness of acute phase proteins as an additional diagnostic tool for diagnosis of subclinical endometritis in mares and (2) to evaluate the association between macroscopic changes in uterine flushes and inflammation of the uterus...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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