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Endometritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778382/comparison-of-the-prevalence-of-chronic-endometritis-as-determined-by-means-of-different-diagnostic-methods-in-women-with-and-without-reproductive-failure
#1
Yingyu Liu, Xiaoyan Chen, Jin Huang, Chi-Chiu Wang, Mei-Yung Yu, Susan Laird, Tin-Chiu Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of chronic endometritis (CE) when different diagnostic methods are used. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital. PATIENT(S): Four groups of women were studied, including women with proven fertility (Fertile; n = 40), unexplained recurrent miscarriage (RM; n = 93), recurrent implantation failure (RIF; n = 39), and infertile subjects undergoing endometrial scratch in a natural cycle preceding frozen-thawed embryo transfer (Infertility; n = 48)...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764416/safety-of-a-condom-uterine-balloon-tamponade-esm-ubt-device-for-uncontrolled-primary-postpartum-hemorrhage-among-facilities-in-kenya-and-sierra-leone
#2
Aparna Ramanathan, Melody J Eckardt, Brett D Nelson, Moytrayee Guha, Monica Oguttu, Zaid Altawil, Thomas Burke
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries. While evidence on uterine balloon tamponade efficacy for severe hemorrhage is encouraging, little is known about safety of this intervention. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety of an ultra-low-cost uterine balloon tamponade package (named ESM-UBT) for facility-based management of uncontrolled postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in Kenya and Sierra Leone. METHODS: Data were collected on complications/adverse events in all women who had an ESM-UBT device placed among 92 facilities in Sierra Leone and Kenya, between September 2012 and December 2015, as part of a multi-country study...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756668/amelioration-of-escherichia-coli-induced-endometritis-with-ascorbic-acid-in-non-pregnant-mouse-models
#3
Enitome Evi Bafor, Ikechukwu Onwukpa, Anne Oghenekevwe Itemire, Osemelomen Omoruyi, Ejiroghene Eferoba-Idio, Kevin Odega, Osas Jim Eghianruwa
PROBLEM: Infection-induced endometritis is associated with infertility. The outcome with oral antibiotics remains poor. This study therefore investigates the role of ascorbic acid in resolving endometritis. METHOD OF STUDY: Animals with established oestrus cycles were inoculated with Escherichia coli. Two days post-inoculation, the animals were administered ascorbic acid (10, 100 and 1000 mg/kg) and amoxicillin (500 mg/kg) for 5 days. Other groups included water only and E...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748729/saikosaponin-a-inhibits-lps-induced-endometritis-in-mice-through-activating-nrf2-signaling-pathway
#4
Jing Wang, Weiwei Wang, Yongtao Pang
Saikosaponin A (SSA) is the major triterpenoid glycoside isolated from Bupleurum falcatum. In this study, we reported the protective effects and mechanism of SSA on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endometritis in mice. The pathological changes and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity of uterus tissues were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and MPO detection kit. Inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 production were detected by ELISA. The expression of protein was measured by western blot analysis...
May 10, 2018: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729635/an-integrative-investigation-of-the-therapeutic-mechanism-of-ainsliaea-fragrans-champ-in-cervicitis-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-based-on-a-rat-plasma-metabolomics-strategy
#5
Xiaoyong Zhang, Mingzhen He, Shuangxia Lei, Bei Wu, Ting Tan, Hui Ouyang, Wen Xu, Yulin Feng
Cervicitis is an extremely common gynecological disease and can be induced by diverse factors such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Mycoplasma genitalium infections. Long-term unhealed cervicitis may lead to a series of diseases including endometritis, salpingitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and chorioamnionitis. However, the pathogenesis of cervicitis remains unknown. Ainsliaea fragrans Champ. (AFC) has been widely used in clinical treatment of cervicitis. In the present study, we performed an integrative investigation involving histopathology analysis and non-target plasma metabolomics analysis in a cervicitis rat model induced by phenol mucilage, using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry approach...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692669/bacterial-contamination-hypothesis-a-new-concept-in-endometriosis
#6
REVIEW
Khaleque N Khan, Akira Fujishita, Koichi Hiraki, Michio Kitajima, Masahiro Nakashima, Shinji Fushiki, Jo Kitawaki
Background: Endometriosis is a multifactorial disease that mainly affects women of reproductive age. The exact pathogenesis of this disease is still debatable. The role of bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in endometriosis were investigated and the possible source of endotoxin in the pelvic environment was examined. Methods: The limulus amoebocyte lysate test was used to measure the endotoxin levels in the menstrual fluid and peritoneal fluid and their potential role in the growth of endometriosis was investigated...
April 2018: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689578/peripartum-morbidity-after-cesarean-delivery-for-arrest-of-dilation-at-4-to-5-cm-compared-with-6-to-10-cm
#7
Joshua D Dahlke, Jeffrey D Sperling, Phinnara Has, Todd R Lovgren, Brendan D Connealy, Dwight J Rouse
OBJECTIVE:  Given that recent consensus guidelines established to decrease cesarean delivery (CD) rates use 6 cm to define the onset of the active phase of labor, our objective was to evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes after CD for the indication of arrest of dilation at 4 to 5 cm compared with ≥ 6 cm. STUDY DESIGN:  We performed a secondary analysis using data from the Maternal Fetal-Medicine Units Network Cesarean Registry. We included nulliparous women with term, singleton, vertex gestations who underwent primary CD for arrest of dilation...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685220/a-t4virus-prevents-biofilm-formation-by-trueperella-pyogenes
#8
Vinícius da Silva Duarte, Roberto Sousa Dias, Andrew M Kropinski, André da Silva Xavier, Camila Geovana Ferro, Pedro M P Vidigal, Cynthia Canedo da Silva, Sérgio Oliveira de Paula
Trueperella pyogenes is an opportunistic pathogen of many animal species. It causes economic losses worldwide, through mastitis, metritis and mainly endometritis in dairy cows. The ability of this bacterium to form biofilms is implicated in chronic infections through hampering immune system recognition and antibiotic penetration. Since it is difficult to eradicate T. pyogenes infections with antibiotics, phage therapy presents itself as a non-toxic, effective and economically viable alternative. The present study evaluated the use of the bacteriophage vB_EcoM-UFV13 (UFV13) in the prevention of T...
May 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680817/relationships-between-plasma-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-and-insulin-concentrations-in-multiparous-dairy-cows-with-cytological-endometritis
#9
Merle Valdmann, Jevgeni Kurykin, Tanel Kaart, Gret-Kristel Mällo, Andres Waldmann
Cytological endometritis (CYTO) is a uterine inflammation characterised by the percentage of polymorphonuclear neutrophils in endometrial cytology. This observational study evaluated the association of blood plasma insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin concentrations at -2 weeks prepartum, +1 week and +3 weeks postpartum with the development of CYTO in 119 multiparous Holstein cows. Overall CYTO prevalence was 30.3 per cent. Multivariable logistic regression model revealed the odds of developing CYTO were 3...
April 21, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680316/chronic-endometritis-and-the-plasma-cell-fact-versus-fiction
#10
EDITORIAL
John V Groth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665574/diagnostic-methods-to-detect-uterus-illnesses-in-mares
#11
Miguel Alejandro Silva Rua, Celia Raquel Quirino, Rachel Bittencourt Ribeiro, Eulogio Carlos Queiroz Carvalho, Maria de Lourdes Amaral Bernadino, Aylton Bartholazzi Junior, Luisa Fernanda Cipagalta, Marcus Antônio Pessanha Barreto
Uterine illnesses are the major problem in horse reproductive programs. The diagnosis of these pathologies is often neglected or does not provide enough information about the cause. The aim of this study was to evaluate different diagnoses to provide more accurate information about endometritis and the real endometrial profile at the beginning of a breeding season. Fifty-one mares with reproductive failure were evaluated. Two different uterine cytology diagnoses, culture of uterine flush material and biopsy assay, were performed...
April 9, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663566/mir-27a-3p-and-mir-124-3p-upregulated-in-endometrium-and-serum-from-women-affected-by-chronic-endometritis-are-new-potential-molecular-markers-of-endometrial-receptivity
#12
Cinzia Di Pietro, Salvatore Caruso, Rosalia Battaglia, Marco Iraci Sareri, Alessandro La Ferlita, Fabrizio Strino, Gabriele Bonaventura, Maurizio Di Mauro, Maria Luisa Barcellona, Vincenzo Perciavalle, Michele Purrello, Antonio Cianci
PROBLEM: Chronic endometritis (CE) is usually asymptomatic and different studies demonstrated the relation with infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss. Altered regulation of protein-encoding genes in CE has been demonstrated, but no evidence about the involvement of microRNAs in the pathology is present in literature. METHOD OF STUDY: In the endometrium from 15 women with CE and 15 healthy women, by RT-qPCR single assays, we investigated some microRNAs targeting IL11, CCL4, IGF1, and IGFBP1, which mRNAs had been found differentially expressed in endometrium of women affected by CE...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659523/antibacterial-efficacy-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-endometritis-caused-by-prevotella-melaninogenica-and-arcanobacterum-pyogenes-in-dairy-cattle
#13
Sangiliyandi Gurunathan, Yun-Jung Choi, Jin-Hoi Kim
Bovine postpartum diseases remain one of the most significant and highly prevalent illnesses with negative effects on the productivity, survival, and welfare of dairy cows. Antibiotics are generally considered beneficial in the treatment of endometritis; however, frequent usage of each antibiotic drug is reason for the emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR) of the pathogenic microorganisms, representing a major impediment for the successful diagnosis and management of infectious diseases in both humans and animals...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643878/is-postmenopausal-endometrial-fluid-collection-alone-a-risk-factor-for-endometrial-cancer
#14
Gulin Feykan Yegin Akcay, Emre Erdem Tas, Ayse Filiz Yavuz
Objective: To determine the usefulness of single-layer, ultrasonographic measurement of endometrial fluid collection (EFC) volume to predict endometrial pathology in asymptomatic postmenopausal patients. Methods: One hundred fifty asymptomatic postmenopausal women were analysed retrospectively from January 2012 to December 2016. After patients with endometrial hyperplasia/neoplasia were included in Group-I, and those with insufficient tissue, endometrial atrophy, or endometritis were included in Group-II; Groups one and two were compared with respect to primary (correlations between endometrial thickness and EFC volume) and secondary (correlations between demographic characteristics and EFC volume) outcomes...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642754/daily-gentamicin-using-ideal-body-weight-demonstrates-lower-risk-of-postpartum-endometritis-and-increased-chance-of-successful-outcome-compared-with-traditional-8-hour-dosing-for-the-treatment-of-intrapartum-chorioamnionitis
#15
Daniel Martingano, Audrey Renson, Sharon Rogoff, Shailini Singh, Meera Kesavan Nasir, Juliette Kim, Jeanne Carey
BACKGROUND: Clinical chorioamnionitis complicates approximately 1-4% of pregnancies overall. Although universal agreement does not exist regarding the antibiotic regimen of choice, most studies have evaluated intravenous ampicillin dosed at 2 g every 6 hours plus gentamicin dosed every 8 hours. Only three studies have examined daily gentamicin for the treatment of intrapartum chorioamnionitis and thus is insufficiently investigated. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to determine whether daily dosing of gentamicin using ideal body weight for the treatment of intrapartum chorioamnionitis is more or equivalently efficacious when compared to traditional 8-hour dosing regimens...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625873/-lower-uterine-segment-trial-a-pragmatic-open-multicenter-randomized-trial
#16
P Rozenberg, P Deruelle, M-V Sénat, R Desbrière, N Winer, E Simon, Y Ville, G Kayem, I Boutron
BACKGROUND: The data from literature show that trial of labor and elective repeat cesarean delivery after a prior cesarean delivery both present significant risks and benefits, and these risks and benefits differ for the woman and her fetus. The benefits to the woman can be at the expense of her fetus and vice-versa. This uncertainty is compounded by the scarcity of high-level evidence that preclude accurate quantification of the risks and benefits that could help provide a fair counseling about a trial of labor and elective repeat cesarean delivery...
April 4, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624705/genomic-breeding-values-snp-effects-and-gene-identification-for-disease-traits-in-cow-training-sets
#17
S Naderi, M Bohlouli, T Yin, S König
Holstein Friesian cow training sets were created according to disease incidences. The different datasets were used to investigate the impact of random forest (RF) and genomic BLUP (GBLUP) methodology on genomic prediction accuracies. In addition, for further verifications of some specific scenarios, single-step genomic BLUP was applied. Disease traits included the overall trait categories of (i) claw disorders, (ii) clinical mastitis and (iii) infertility from 80 741 first lactation Holstein cows kept in 58 large-scale herds...
April 6, 2018: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624589/toll-like-receptor-3-tlr3-promotes-the-resolution-of-chlamydia-muridarum-genital-tract-infection-in-congenic-c57bl-6n-mice
#18
Sebastian E Carrasco, Sishun Hu, Denise M Imai, Ramesh Kumar, George E Sandusky, X Frank Yang, Wilbert A Derbigny
Chlamydia trachomatis urogenital serovars primarily replicate in epithelial cells lining the reproductive tract. Epithelial cells recognize Chlamydia through cell surface and cytosolic receptors, and/or endosomal innate receptors such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Activation of these receptors triggers both innate and adaptive immune mechanisms that are required for chlamydial clearance, but are also responsible for the immunopathology in the reproductive tract. We previously demonstrated that Chlamydia muridarum (Cm) induces IFN-β in oviduct epithelial cells (OE) in a TLR3-dependent manner, and that the synthesis of several cytokines and chemokines are diminished in Cm-challenged OE derived from TLR3-/- 129S1 mice...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615632/influence-of-intrauterine-administration-of-lactobacillus-buchneri-on-reproductive-performance-and-pro-inflammatory-endometrial-mrna-expression-of-cows-with-subclinical-endometritis
#19
S Peter, M A Gärtner, G Michel, M Ibrahim, R Klopfleisch, A Lübke-Becker, M Jung, R Einspanier, C Gabler
Potential beneficial effects of lactic acid bacteria on the genital health of cows become of particular interest when considering the importance of an optimal uterine health status for the success of breeding in dairy farming. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to analyse the influence of an intrauterine administration of the Lactobacillus buchneri DSM 32407 on reproductive performance, uterine health status, endometrial mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory factors of cows with signs of subclinical endometritis (SCE)...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597125/the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-exogenous-lactoferrin-on-breeding-induced-endometritis-in-susceptible-mares-when-administered-post-breeding-in-susceptible-mares
#20
C E Fedorka, K E Scoggin, Y L Boakari, N E Hoppe, E L Squires, B A Ball, M H T Troedsson
The deposition of semen into the uterus of the horse induces a transient innate immune response that lasts 24-36 h in the normal mare. There exists a subset of mares that are unable to resolve this inflammation in a timely manner, and are classified as susceptible to the disease of persistent breeding-induced endometritis (PBIE). Lactoferrin is a protein of interest as a potential therapeutic for this persistent inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties. The addition of human recombinant lactoferrin (hrLF) to the insemination dose was previously shown to suppress mRNA expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α at 6 h after insemination, but no studies have shown the effect of lactoferrin when infused post-breeding...
March 22, 2018: Theriogenology
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