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Brandie D Taylor, Xiaojing Zheng, Catherine M O'Connell, Harold C Wiesenfeld, Sharon L Hillier, Toni Darville
OBJECTIVE: Assess risk factors for incident and endometrial Mycoplasma genitalium infection and determine if M. genitalium is associated with histological endometritis, an indicator of pelvic inflammatory disease. METHODS: This study was a secondary data analysis within the T cell Response Against Chlamydia (TRAC) Study, a prospective evaluation of 246 women with or at risk for Chlamydia trachomatis from urban outpatient clinics, who were followed quarterly for 12 months...
March 21, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Jonathan D Scrafford, Buvana Reddy, Colleen Rivard, Rachel Isaksson Vogel
PURPOSE: To compare the rates of wound-related complications among women undergoing a cesarean section when the surgical team used intra-operative glove changing versus usual care. METHODS: All women undergoing a cesarean section at a single, county hospital were randomized to usual care or intra-operative glove changing prior to abdominal closure. Participants were randomized at the time of decision for cesarean section; surgeons were not blinded to the randomization arm...
March 19, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Cynthia L Miltenburg, Todd F Duffield, Dorothee Bienzle, Elizabeth L Scholtz, Stephen J LeBlanc
The determinants of metabolic and reproductive health disorders in the peripartum period and the degree to which feeding and lying space and management can influence health are only partially understood. The objective of this randomized controlled study was to determine whether providing noncompetitive feeding and lying access in the close-up dry period improves health and immune function. Forty-eight Holstein cows of all parities were randomly assigned to a treatment group of 6 to 10 cows in 1 pen with either 80% cows to stalls and 90 cm of feeding space per cow (understocked) or 120% stocking density and 45 cm of feeding space per cow (overstocked) for 3 wk before expected calving...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Sandra Schöniger, Hilke Gräfe, Franziska Richter, Heinz-Adolf Schoon
The enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) acts immunomodulatory and restricts bacterial growth. In the uterus of women and mice, it likely contributes to tissue homeostasis and disease pathogenesis. Pregnancy failure in mares is often caused by endometritis and endometrosis. The pathogenesis of nonsuppurative endometritis and endometrosis is still uncertain. To the authors' knowledge, no information on IDO1 expression in the equine endometrium is published. Aim of this study was to examine the presence of IDO1 as transcripts and proteins in the healthy and diseased endometrium of 25 mares and to determine its cellular expression...
March 5, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
R Bonsale, R Seyed Sharifi, E Dirandeh, N Hedayat, A Mojtahedin, M Ghorbanalinia, A Abolghasemi
The objective of this study was to consider endocannabinoid system as inflammatory markers in bovine endometrium to better understand the role of this system in regulating many of the functions that are related to inflammatory condition. At day 26 post-partum, fourteen cows were divided into two groups depending on the inflammatory condition: 1- subclinical endometritis (n = 7, with purulent or mucopurulent uterine discharge detectable in the vagina) and 2- healthy (n = 7, No (muco)) purulent discharge...
March 14, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
F A Khan, T S Chenier, R A Foster, J Hewson, E L Scholtz
Emerging research suggests that the nitric oxide system may play a role in persistent breeding-induced endometritis (PBIE) in the mare. Differences in uterine nitric oxide (NO) levels between mares susceptible or resistant to PBIE and a dose-dependent inhibitory effect of NO on uterine contractility have been demonstrated. The objectives of this study were to investigate the difference in total nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity of the endometrium between susceptible and resistant mares and the effect of a specific inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor on the endometrial NOS activity in vitro...
March 14, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Walter Busch
OBJECTIVE: Peroxyethane acid (POA) is capable of disrupting the ring of bacterial catalase and has a broad microbiocidal spectrum. Following application, POA degrades to acetic acid and peroxide. There are no residues and no resistance development. Because POA administration for bladder and wound lavage in human medicine produced positive results, the substance was tested for the treatment of cows with endometritis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After successful preliminary trials under clinical conditions, a comparative analysis using standard uterine treatments, focusing particularly on antibiotics, followed...
February 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Xiaojing Zheng, Catherine M O'Connell, Wujuan Zhong, Uma M Nagarajan, Manoj Tripathy, De'Ashia Lee, Ali N Russell, Harold Wiesenfeld, Sharon Hillier, Toni Darville
Sexually transmitted infections with Chlamydia trachomatis and/or Neisseria gonorrhoeae and rates of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women continue to rise, with reinfection being common because of poor adaptive immunity. Diagnosis remains imprecise, and pathogenesis data are derived primarily from monoinfection of mice with C. trachomatis or N. gonorrhoeae By comparing blood mRNA responses of women with C. trachomatis - and/or N. gonorrhoeae -induced PID and histologic endometritis with those from women with C...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Andrew J Gall, June E Olds, Arno Wünschmann, Laura E Selmic, James Rasmussen, Anne D Lewis
Reproductive lesions have been described in various nonhuman primate species, including rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta), cynomolgus macaques ( Macaca fascicularis), baboons ( Papio spp.), squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri sciureus), and chimpanzees ( Pan spp.); however, there are few publications describing reproductive disease and pathology in Japanese macaques ( Macaca fuscata). A retrospective evaluation of postmortem reports for two captive M. fuscata populations housed within zoos from 1982 through 2015 was completed, comparing reproductive diseases diagnosed by gross pathology and histopathology...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Ankit B Chotaliya, Shenaz G A Saifi, Gayathri Achuthan
Osseous metaplasia of the endometrium is a rare condition characterized by the presence of mature or immature bone in the endometrium. Most cases present with secondary infertility following an abortion or chronic endometritis. Some patients are asymptomatic, while others have menstrual abnormalities such as menorrhagia or oligomenorrhea. Removal of the bony fragments helps in spontaneous conception. We hereby present two cases of osseous metaplasia of the endometrium with radiological and pathological correlation...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Hongchu Bao, Guichan Wang, Xin Huang, Meimei Wang, Xinrong Wang, Cuifang Hao
OBJECTIVE: We conducted the research in order to explore the impact of hydrosalpinx fluid (HSF) on endometrium. METHOD: HSF group: 261 patients with HSF scheduled to undergo laparoscopic surgery 3 to 7 days after menstruation in our center. Hysteroscopy would also be performed in order to observe the endometrial morphology during the surgery. Sixty (60) patients would be randomly selected for endometrial biopsy in order to detect the inflammatory cytokines TNF-a and IL-2 mRNA...
December 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Saeed Baradwan, Dina Shafi, Amira Baradwan, Muhammad Salman Bashir, Dania Al-Jaroudi
Background: Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis anatomically restores the uterine cavity in cases of Asherman's syndrome (AS); however, the extent of endometrial fibrosis could determine the pregnancy outcome. Objectives: To determine whether endometrial thickness could influence pregnancy outcome of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in women with a history of AS. Subjects and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study that included 41 women who attended Women's Specialized Hospital, King Fahad Medical City from December 2008 to December 2015, presented with a history of infertility or recurrent pregnancy loss, and were diagnosed with intrauterine adhesions and treated by hysteroscopic adhesiolysis...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Yuan Shen, Bo Liu, Wei Mao, Ruifeng Gao, Shuang Feng, Yinghong Qian, Jindi Wu, Shuangyi Zhang, Long Gao, Changqi Fu, Qianru Li, Yang Deng, Jinshan Cao
Postpartum bacterial infections of the uterus cause endometritis in dairy cows. Inflammatory responses to bacterial infections in the bovine uterus were generated through pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that bind to pathogen-associated molecules such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli. Among these PRRs, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is primarily responsible for LPS recognition, which triggers inflammatory responses via mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and NF-κB signaling activation, resulting in the expression of inflammatory mediators in mammals such as IL-8 and IL-6...
February 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Inmaculada Moreno, Ettore Cicinelli, Iolanda Garcia-Grau, Marta Gonzalez, Davide Bau, Felipe Vilella, Dominique DE Ziegler, Leonardo Resta, Diana Valbuena, Carlos Simon
BACKGROUND: Chronic endometritis is a persistent inflammation of the endometrial mucosa caused by bacterial pathogens such as Enterobacteriaceae, Enterococcus, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Mycoplasma, and Ureaplasma. Although chronic endometritis can be asymptomatic, it is found in up to 40% of infertile patients and is responsible for repeated implantation failure and recurrent miscarriage. Diagnosis of chronic endometritis is based on hysteroscopy of the uterine cavity, endometrial biopsy with plasma cells being identified histologically, while specific treatment is determined based on microbial culture...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Dana Vitner, Inna Bleicher, Eyal Levy, Ronen Sloma, Einav Kadour-Peero, Yossi Bart, Shlomi Sagi, Amir Aviram, Ron Gonen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare maternal morbidity and mortality of cesarean sections (CS) in the second versus first stage of labor. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of all CS at a single, university-affiliated medical center, between January 2010 and December 2014. Eligibility was limited to term, singleton pregnancies with cephalic presentation. Maternal outcomes of second-stage CS were compared to those of first-stage CS. The primary outcome was defined as estimated blood loss >1000 ml...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Gabriella Comunián-Carrasco, Guiomar E Peña-Martí, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and is a major public health challenge today. N gonorrhoeae can be transmitted from the mother's genital tract to the newborn during birth, and can cause gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum as well as systemic neonatal infections. It can also cause endometritis and pelvic sepsis in the mother. This review updates and replaces an earlier Cochrane Review on antibiotics for treating this infectious condition...
February 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Maria Rosa Rebordão, Ana Amaral, Karolina Lukasik, Anna Szóstek-Mioduchowska, Pedro Pinto-Bravo, António Galvão, Dariusz J Skarzynski, Graça Ferreira-Dias
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are DNA complexes carrying nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins, such as elastase (ELA), cathepsin-G (CAT) and myeloperoxidase (MPO). Mare endometrosis is a chronic degenerative process characterized by excessive collagen in endometrium. While NETs fight bacteria that cause endometritis, they may trigger endometrial fibrogenesis. The aim was to evaluate the in vitro effect of some NETs components on mare endometrial fibrogenesis and determine its relationship with histopathology or estrous cycle...
February 7, 2018: Theriogenology
Ahmed Ali, Derar Derar, Abdulhadi Alsharari, Assaf Alsharari, Rashid Khalil, Tariq I Almundarij, Yaser Alboti, Fahd Al-Sobayil
A survey of 7122 dromedary camels in 115 herds in Saudi Arabia was used to estimate the effects of herd size (HZ; < 25 vs. 25-49 vs. 50-100 vs. > 100 camels), herder/camels ratio (H/C; 1:< 25 vs. 1:25-50 vs. 1:> 50), manager experience (ME; < 5 vs. 5-10 vs. > 10 years), male/females ratio (M/F), housing system (HS; free vs. closed vs. mixed), length of the breeding season (winter vs. winter and spring vs. fall, winter and spring), age at first mating (3 vs. > 3 years), and time of mating after parturition (≤ 3 vs...
February 15, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Vinayagamurthy Balamurugan, Anusha Alamuri, K Bharathkumar, Sharanagouda Siddanagouda Patil, Gurrappa Naidu Govindaraj, Mohandoss Nagalingam, Paramanandham Krishnamoorthy, Habibur Rahman, Bibek Ranjan Shome
In this study, the seroprevalence and distribution of Leptospira in dairy cattle in endemic states of India were investigated in association with reproductive problems of the cattle. A total of 373 cattle serum samples from 45 farms in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Sikkim and Uttarakhand states were collected from animals with a history of reproductive disorders like abortion, repeat breeding, anoestrus and endometritis, and also from apparently healthy animals...
February 14, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
M Baithun, T Freeman-Wang, P Chowdary, R A Kadir
BACKGROUND: Congenital plasminogen deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive condition. Plasminogen deficiency is thought to result in an inability of fibrin breakdown and therefore accumulation of fibrin and formation of ligneous changes. Ligneous lesions can form on a number of mucosal membranes including the cervix and endometrium. METHODS: We report the case of a 25-year-old woman with type 1 plasminogen deficiency with ligneous cervicitis and endometritis and her treatment and clinical course over the last few years...
February 13, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
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