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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070584/changes-in-protein-expression-profiles-in-bovine-endometrial-epithelial-cells-exposed-to-e-coli-lps-challenge
#1
Cristian Piras, Yongzhi Guo, Alessio Soggiu, Metasu Chanrot, Viviana Greco, Andrea Urbani, Gilles Charpigny, Luigi Bonizzi, Paola Roncada, Patrice Humblot
E. coli is one of the most frequently involved bacteria in uterine diseases. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria involved in pathogenic processes leading to post-partum metritis and endometritis in cattle. It also causes inflammation of the endometrium. The increase of cell proliferation by LPS is part of the inflammatory process. The aim of this study was to investigate possible changes in protein expression in relation to the proliferative response of bEECs after challenge with E...
January 10, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050900/planned-early-birth-versus-expectant-management-waiting-for-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-at-term-37-weeks-or-more
#2
REVIEW
Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd, Vicki Flenady, Rosemary D McBain, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term is managed expectantly or by planned early birth. It is not clear if waiting for birth to occur spontaneously is better than intervening, e.g. by inducing labour. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to assess the effects of planned early birth (immediate intervention or intervention within 24 hours) when compared with expectant management (no planned intervention within 24 hours) for women with term PROM on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes...
January 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976471/coxiella-burnetii-serological-reactions-and-bacterial-shedding-in-primiparous-dairy-cows-in-an-endemically-infected-herd-impact-on-milk-yield-and-fertility
#3
M Freick, H Enbergs, J Walraph, R Diller, J Weber, A Konrath
Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii) is the causative agent of Q fever both in humans and animals. The objectives of this study were to investigate seropositivity and bacterial shedding in heifers and primiparous cows in an endemically infected herd and to assess the effects on post-partum diseases, fertility and milk production. At the age of 9 months, 96 Holstein heifers were included. Sampling was performed reproduction-orientated: at the beginning of the study, at detection of first pregnancy, 3 weeks before expected calving date (blood serum), at parturition and after 21, 42, 100 and 150 days in milk (DIM) (blood serum, vaginal swabs and milk)...
December 15, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966806/efficiency-of-uterine-fluid-cytology-in-the-diagnosis-of-subclinical-endometritis-in-the-water-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#4
S C Gahlot, S Kumar, A Kumaresan, S Chand, R K Baithalu, S Lathika, T K Patbandha, S S Lathwal, T K Mohanty
This study compared endometrial cytology vis-a-vis uterine fluid cytology for assessment of uterine health in clinically normal and subclinical endometritis (SE)-affected buffaloes. Uterine fluid samples and endometrial samples were collected from the buffaloes (n = 38) at oestrus using blue sheath and cytobrush, respectively. The smears were stained with Field stain for 3 minutes, and a minimum of 400 cells were counted in each smear for determination of the percentage of polymorphonuclear (PMN) leucocyte...
December 14, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955662/lipopolysaccharide-derived-from-the-digestive-tract-triggers-an-inflammatory-response-in-the-uterus-of-mid-lactating-dairy-cows-during-sara
#5
Muhammad Shahid Bilal, Juma Ahamed Abaker, Zain Ul Aabdin, Tianle Xu, Hongyu Dai, Kai Zhang, Xinxin Liu, Xiangzhen Shen
BACKGROUND: The aims of the current study were to evaluate the inflammatory response in cow uterus and to explore the molecular mechanism triggered by high concentrate-induced subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) in mid-lactating dairy cows. Twelve mid-lactating Holstein cows with an average weight of 455 kg were allocated into two groups subjected to two diets for 18-weeks either a low-concentrate (LC) group containing 4:6 (NDF: NFC) and a high-concentrate (HC) group containing 6:4 (non-forage carbohydrates, NFC): (neutral detergent fiber, NDF) ratio based on dry matter...
December 12, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933478/mri-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-a-pictorial-review
#6
REVIEW
Ferenc Czeyda-Pommersheim, Bobby Kalb, James Costello, Joy Liau, Arash Meshksar, Hina Arif Tiwari, Diego Martin
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an ascending infection of the female genital tract caused by the spread of bacteria from the vagina to the pelvic reproductive organs and occasionally the peritoneum. The most common causative organisms are sexually transmitted. PID is a significant source of morbidity among reproductive age women both as a cause of abdominal pain and as a common cause of infertility. Its clinical presentation is often nonspecific, and the correct diagnosis may first come to light based on the results of imaging studies...
December 8, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914160/infectious-postpartum-sacroiliitis-the-importance-and-difficulty-of-early-diagnosis
#7
Emídio Vale-Fernandes, Fedra Rodrigues, Carla Monteiro, Luís Carvalho
The sacroiliitis accounts for about 1.5% - 10% of all cases of septic arthritis and it is strongly associated with gynaecological infections, pelvic trauma or drug abuse (3.4% - 12.8% of cases occur during the postpartum period). Early diagnosis is difficult because the symptoms are nonspecific in pregnancy and in the postpartum period, making the delay of treatment a serious risk of irreversible damage to the joint and development of post-infectious complications. The authors describe the case of a 37-year-old puerperal woman presented to hospital, weeks after urgent caesarean section, with endometritis, post-anesthetic epidural hematoma and secondary infectious postpartum sacroiliitis...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903446/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-an-under-recognized-cause-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-in-adolescents-admitted-to-a-children-s-hospital
#8
Sofya Maslyanskaya, Hina J Talib, Jennifer L Northridge, Amanda M Jacobs, Chanelle Coble, Susan M Coupey
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether ovulatory dysfunction due to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common underlying etiology of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in adolescents requiring hospitalization and to explore etiology, treatment and complications of AUB with severe anemia in adolescents. DESIGN: We identified females aged 8 to 20 years admitted to a children's hospital for treatment of AUB from January 2000 to December 2014. Our hospital protocol advises hormonal testing for PCOS and other disorders prior to treatment for AUB...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885778/single-dose-versus-multiple-dose-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
R Pinto-Lopes, B Sousa-Pinto, L F Azevedo
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic antibiotics are traditionally given as a single dose for caesarean section. However, inconsistent application of recommendations and recent evidence prompted a literature review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the optimal regimen for antibiotic prophylaxis in caesarean section by comparing single versus multiple doses of the same intervention. SEARCH STRATEGY: MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge, SCOPUS, CENTRAL and ongoing trials databases were searched...
November 24, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876982/prevalence-of-enterobius-vermicularis-infection-among-preschool-children-babol-north-of-iran
#10
Seyed Ali Norbakhsh Amiri, Mohammad Taghi Rahimi, Seif Ali Mahdavi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Omid Ramzani, Ali Farrokhi Koshk, Reza Rosbehan, Seyed Abolghasem Siyadatpanah
Enterobius vermicularis or pinworm, is considered as one of the most frequently encountered intestinal nematodes and infects millions of people throughout the world particularly children. Some symptoms of the infection including Anal itching, restlessness, insomnia, endometritis, abdominal cramps, diarrhea and etc. The purpose of the present study was to determine the status of enterobiasis in kindergarten and preschool children of kindergartens from Amir Kola, Babol Mazandaran Province, North of Iran. A total number of 126 (70 boys and 56 girls) children from four kindergartens from Amir Kola, Babol, Mazandaran Province, North of Iran were examined for the prevalence of E...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876942/prevalence-of-enterobius-vermicularis-amongst-kindergartens-and-preschool-children-in-mazandaran-province-north-of-iran
#11
Narges Afrakhteh, Zahra Marhaba, Seif Ali Mahdavi, Sahar Garoosian, Reyhaneh Mirnezhad, Mahsa Eshkevar Vakili, Haniye Ahmadi Shahraj, Behzad Javadian, Rozita Rezaei, Mahmood Moosazadeh
Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is probably the most common helminth, which infects humans. Amongst different age groups, prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis in children is high compared to adults. Oxyuriasis is one of the most significant parasitic diseases of children. This nematode in children can result in loss of appetite, insomnia, grinding of the teeth, restlessness, endometritis, abdominal cramps, diarrhea and etc. Due to important complications of this parasite, the objective of the current study was to determine the prevalence of enterobiasis in kindergarten and preschool children of Amol, Mazandaran Province, North of Iran...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870738/persistent-pain-after-cesarean-delivery-and-vaginal-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
J Petter Kainu, Erja Halmesmäki, Kari T Korttila, P Johanna Sarvela
BACKGROUND: Persistent pain after cesarean delivery and vaginal delivery has been the subject of only a few research articles. The primary outcome of our prospective study was the incidence of persistent pain and its association to mode of delivery. We also studied the nature and intensity of pain after delivery. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed on postpartum day 2 to 1052 women who had given birth vaginally and to 502 who had undergone cesarean delivery in a tertiary maternity hospital in Helsinki, Finland, in 2010...
December 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865501/cytological-endometritis-at-artificial-insemination-in-dairy-cows-prevalence-and-effect-on-pregnancy-outcome
#13
O Bogado Pascottini, M Hostens, P Sys, P Vercauteren, G Opsomer
The aims of our field study in dairy cows were (1) to consolidate cytotape (CT) as a valid technique to diagnose cytological endometritis (CYTO) during artificial insemination (AI); (2) to establish a cutoff point concerning the polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) proportion to diagnose CYTO at AI; (3) to assess the prevalence of CYTO at AI; and (4) to evaluate the effect of CYTO on the pregnancy outcome of that AI. The investigation was performed using 1,625 AI-CT samples harvested from 873 Holstein-Friesian cows from 18 dairy farms in the Flemish region of Belgium...
January 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865413/evaluation-of-chlorhexidine-hydrochloride-treatment-on-endometrial-health-of-normal-mares
#14
Natalie S Fraser, Aime K Johnson, Robyn R Wilborn, Ghislaine A Dujovne, Leland Nuehring
Chlorhexidine gluconate solution is a potent antimicrobial and therefore could be used effectively for treatment of endometritis, but historically this substance has been implicated as irritating to mucous membranes, including the endometrium of the mare. The use of chlorhexidine hydrochloride suspension (Nolvasan Suspension, Zoetis, Florham Park, NJ, USA) was evaluated in the uterus of normal mares to determine if adverse effects on endometrial health were noted. Twelve healthy, adult light breed mares were included in this study...
January 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859701/uterine-infection-with-bovine-herpesvirus-type-4-in-dairy-cows
#15
S Klamminger, I Prunner, M J Giuliodori, M Drillich
Diseases of the reproductive tract are a frequent problem in dairy herds. Herpesviruses are uterine pathogens also involved in other clinical diseases; for example, bovine herpesvirus type 4 BoHV-4 induces abortion, enteritis, metritis, pneumonia and vaginitis, but it can also be detected in healthy cows. The role of BoHV-4 in the development of clinical endometritis (CE) or subclinical endometritis (SE) has not clearly been described. Therefore, the objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of uterine BoHV-4 infection and its relationship with clinical, bacteriological and cytological findings in dairy cows 20-30 days after calving...
November 14, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854162/endometritis-increases-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-follicular-fluid-and-cervico-vaginal-mucus-in-the-buffalo-cow
#16
Jones Boby, Harendra Kumar, Harihar Prasad Gupta, Mustapha Hussain Jan, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Manas Kumar Patra, Sukdeb Nandi, Asha Abraham, Narayanan Krishnaswamy
Emerging evidence shows that some of the pro-inflammatory cytokines are elevated not only in the endometrium but also in the follicular fluid of cows with endometritis. Developing a cervico-vaginal mucus (CVM) based test has the potential for becoming a pen-side test because of the ease of sample collection. The present study describes the results of two different experiments. The first experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of endometritis on the proinflammatory cytokines of follicular fluid based on the reproductive tracts of buffalo collected at a slaughter house Buffalo genitalia were categorized into purulent endometritis (PE), cytological endometritis (CE), and non-endometritis (NE) based on the white-side test and endometrial cytology, respectively (n = 14/group)...
November 17, 2016: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847413/determination-of-ceruloplasmin-some-other-acute-phase-proteins-and-biochemical-parameters-in-cows-with-endometritis
#17
S Kaya, O Merhan, C Kacar, A Colak, K Bozukluhan
AIM: The aim of this study is to determine serum ceruloplasmin levels in cows with endometritis of varying degrees of severity and to establish whether or not there is a correlation between acute phase protein (APP) levels and biochemical parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted with 100 Brown Swiss cows (3-8 years of age) on days 28-32 postpartum. Cows were divided into endometritis (mild, moderate, and severe endometriosis) and healthy groups based on ultrasonography, vaginoscopy, and cytological examination...
October 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845845/ifn-%C3%AF-plays-an-anti-inflammatory-role-in-staphylococcus-aureus-induced-endometritis-in-mice-through-the-suppression-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-and-mmp9-expression
#18
Kangfeng Jiang, Xiuying Chen, Gan Zhao, Haichong Wu, Junxian Mi, Changwei Qiu, Xiuli Peng, Ganzhen Deng
Interferon-tau (IFN-τ) is a type I interferon and considered as a pregnancy recognition signal in ruminants. Our previous reports have confirmed that IFN-τ has a potential anti-inflammatory effect in macrophage. However, the anti-inflammatory effect of IFN-τ on endometritis has never been reported. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of IFN-τ in a mouse model of Staphylococcus aureus-induced endometritis. The histopathological and myeloperoxidase activity results showed that IFN-τ could protect the uterus from S...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825391/oestrous-cycle-dependent-equine-uterine-immune-response-to-induced-infectious-endometritis
#19
Christina D Marth, Simon M Firestone, Lisa Y Glenton, Glenn F Browning, Neil D Young, Natali Krekeler
Infectious endometritis is a major cause of reduced pregnancy rates in horses. The objectives of this study were to establish a timeline of the innate immune response in the uterus of healthy horses and to investigate the oestrous cycle effect on this. Endometrial biopsies were collected from five horses before and at 3, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after inoculation of Escherichia coli, once in oestrus and once in dioestrus. They were analysed by quantitative real-time PCR, microbiology and histology. Neutrophil numbers increased from very low levels in the absence of inflammation to severe neutrophilia 3 h after inoculation...
November 8, 2016: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823367/complications-associated-with-intrauterine-glass-marbles-in-five-mares
#20
Mariana Diel de Amorim, Tracey Chenier, Dawne Nairn, Jodyne Green, Stephen Manning, Claire Card
CASE DESCRIPTION 5 mares were evaluated because of reproductive complications following long-term (> 1 year) use of intrauterine glass marbles for estrus suppression. CLINICAL FINDINGS 3 mares had 1 intrauterine glass marble, and 2 mares had 2 intrauterine glass marbles. On examination, 2 mares had signs of chronic endometritis, and 3 had signs of pyometra. Marbles or glass shards adhered to the endometrium were identified by means of hysteroscopy in 3 of 5 mares. Five of 7 marbles had surface imperfections or were broken...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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