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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436602/accuracy-of-circulating-histones-in-predicting-persistent-organ-failure-and-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#1
T Liu, W Huang, P Szatmary, S T Abrams, Y Alhamdi, Z Lin, W Greenhalf, G Wang, R Sutton, C H Toh
BACKGROUND: Early prediction of acute pancreatitis severity remains a challenge. Circulating levels of histones are raised early in mouse models and correlate with disease severity. It was hypothesized that circulating histones predict persistent organ failure in patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Consecutive patients with acute pancreatitis fulfilling inclusion criteria admitted to Royal Liverpool University Hospital were enrolled prospectively between June 2010 and March 2014...
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434059/early-warning-score-independently-predicts-adverse-outcome-and-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#2
Michael J Jones, Christopher P Neal, Wee Sing Ngu, Ashley R Dennison, Giuseppe Garcea
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the prognostic value of established scoring systems with early warning scores in a large cohort of patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: In patients presenting with acute pancreatitis, age, sex, American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) grade, Modified Glasgow Score, Ranson criteria, APACHE II scores and early warning score (EWS) were recorded for the first 72 h following admission. These variables were compared between survivors and non-survivors, between patients with mild/moderate and severe pancreatitis (based on the 2012 Atlanta Classification) and between patients with a favourable or adverse outcome...
April 22, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428720/can-mean-platelet-volume-play-a-role-in-evaluating-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#3
Jing-Jing Lei, Li Zhou, Qi Liu, Can Xiong, Chun-Fang Xu
AIM: To investigate serum mean platelet volume (MPV) levels in acute pancreatitis (AP) patients and assess whether MPV effectively predicts the disease severity of AP. METHODS: We included 117 consecutive patients with AP as the AP group and 34 consecutive patients with colorectal polyps (before endoscopic treatment) as the control group. Complete blood counts, liver function, platelet indices (MPV), coagulation parameters, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured on days 1, 2, 3 and 7 after admission...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425682/mild-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-the-timing-of-cholecystectomy-should-not-exceed-index-admission
#4
Luca Degrate, Davide P Bernasconi, Paola Meroni, Mattia Garancini, Daniele Macchini, Fabrizio Romano, Fabio Uggeri, Luca Gianotti
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to treat mild biliary acute pancreatitis (MBAP) during index admission is recommended. However, the optimal surgical timing is controversial, considering that patients are actually often discharged from hospital and readmitted for elective cholecystectomy. Moreover, previous studies showed an uneven patients' stratification for pancreatitis severity. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of patients homogenously categorised for MBAP according to the newest pancreatitis classifications, undergoing cholecystectomy with different timing...
April 19, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419583/a-comparison-of-multi-factor-scoring-systems-and-single-serum-markers-for-the-early-prediction-of-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#5
Wen-Hua He, Yin Zhu, Yong Zhu, Qi Jin, Hong-Rong Xu, Zhi-Juan Xion, Min Yu, Liang Xia, Pi Liu, Nong-Hua Lu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to clarify whether the current scoring systems and single serum markers used in pancreatitis remain applicable for the early prediction of infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN), the severity and mortality of acute pancreatitis (AP) in accordance with the revised Atlanta and determinant-based classifications. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data from 708 consecutive patients with AP were prospectively collected between January 2011 and December 2012...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403081/evaluation-of-extrapancreatic-inflammation-on-abdominal-computed-tomography-as-an-early-predictor-of-organ-failure-in-acute-pancreatitis-as-defined-by-the-revised-atlanta-classification
#6
Chenyang Chen, Zixing Huang, Hang Li, Bin Song, Fang Yuan
The aim of the study was to determine whether extrapancreatic inflammation on computed tomography (EPIC) is helpful in predicting organ failure in the early phase of acute pancreatitis (AP) as defined by the 2012 revised Atlanta classification.Patients (n = 208) who underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) within 24 hours after AP onset and admission were retrospectively identified. Each patient's EPIC score, Balthazar score, bedside index of severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP), and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score were obtained...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381378/severe-acute-pancreatitis-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-surgical-management
#7
Mark Portelli, Christopher David Jones
BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis is a subtype of acute pancreatitis, associated with multiple organ failure and systemic inflammatory response syndrome. In this qualitative review we looked at the principles of pathogenesis, classification and surgical management of severe acute pancreatitis. We also looked at the current shift in paradigm in the management of severe acute pancreatitis since the guideline developed by the British Society of Gastroenterology. DATA SOURCES: Studies published between 1st January 1991 and 31st December 2015 were identified with PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Google Scholar online search engines using the following Medical Subject Headings: "acute pancreatitis, necrosis, mortality, pathogenesis, incidence" and the terms "open necrosectomy and minimally invasive necrosectomy"...
April 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368336/serum-concentrations-of-angiopoietin-2-and-soluble-fms-like-tyrosine-kinase-1-sflt-1-are-associated-with-coagulopathy-among-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#8
Paulina Dumnicka, Beata Kuśnierz-Cabala, Mateusz Sporek, Małgorzata Mazur-Laskowska, Krzysztof Gil, Marek Kuźniewski, Piotr Ceranowicz, Zygmunt Warzecha, Artur Dembiński, Joanna Bonior, Ryszard Drożdż
In severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), systemic inflammation leads to endothelial dysfunction and activation of coagulation. Thrombotic disorders in acute pancreatitis (AP) include disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Recently, angiopoietin-2 and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) were proposed as markers of endothelial dysfunction in acute states. Our aim was to assess the frequency of coagulation abnormalities in the early phase of AP and evaluate the relationships between serum angiopoietin-2 and sFlt-1 and severity of coagulopathy...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341116/management-and-outcomes-of-acute-pancreatitis-patients-over-the-last-decade-a-us-tertiary-center-experience
#9
Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Adam Slivka, Alessandro Furlan, Anil K Dasyam, Anwar Dudekula, Julia B Greer, David C Whitcomb, Dhiraj Yadav, Georgios I Papachristou
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Acute pancreatitis (AP) management remains largely supportive and can be challenging in patients with severe disease. This study aims to describe a ten-year US tertiary-center experience in managing AP patients. METHODS: Clinical management and outcomes of 400 prospectively enrolled AP patients stratified by the Revised Atlanta Classification were analyzed; trends in management between early (2004-2008) and late enrollment phase (2009-2014) were assessed...
January 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294952/can-c-reactive-protein-levels-increase-the-accuracy-of-the-ranson-score-in-predicting-the-severity-and-prognosis-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Fatih Başak, Mustafa Hasbahçeci, Abdullah Şişik, Aylin Acar, Kemal Tekesin, Gürhan Baş, Orhan Alimoğlu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an acute inflammatory disorder of the pancreas, and its severe form affects nearly all systems of the body. The purpose of this study is to assess the Ranson score and the C-reactive-protein level as a novel model for prediction of the disease severity and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of the C-reactive-protein for the prediction of severe AP. We recorded the Ranson score and C-reactive-protein values in AP patients and determined the severity of the disease using the revised Atlanta classification...
March 15, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284583/assessing-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis-asap-in-switzerland-a-nationwide-survey-on-severity-assessment-in-daily-clinical-practice
#11
Sebastian Manuel Staubli, Daniel Oertli, Christian Andreas Nebiker
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We aim to assess which tools for severity stratification in acute pancreatitis are used in today's daily clinical practice and to what extent the new Atlanta classification is being implemented by the medical community in Switzerland. METHODS: The heads of surgical, medical and emergency departments of Swiss hospitals (n = 83) that directly treat patients with acute pancreatitis were given access to an online survey and asked to forward the questionnaire to their team...
February 13, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266603/a-reduced-lymphocyte-ratio-as-an-early-marker-for-predicting-acute-pancreatitis
#12
Xiuzhong Qi, Fangyong Yang, Haitao Huang, Yiqi Du, Yan Chen, Meitang Wang, Dezeng Zhu, Xiaoqiang Yue, Lina Wang
The early diagnosis and severity grading for acute pancreatitis (AP) are difficult to determine because of the complexity and differences in disease process. To date, few studies have investigated the role of lymphocyte ratio (LR) in AP. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of LR as an indicator in AP, as well as determine an optimal cut-off value for the severity prediction. There were two hundred four patients involved in this study, ninety-two of whom had severe acute pancreatitis (SAP)...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252868/early-diagnosis-and-severity-assessment-of-acute-pancreatitis-ap-using-mr-elastography-mre-with-spin-echo-echo-planar-imaging
#13
Yu Shi, Ying Liu, Yan-Qing Liu, Feng Gao, Jia-Hui Li, Qiu-Ju Li, Qi-Yong Guo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) in comparison to contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) for early diagnosis and prediction of severity in acute pancreatitis (AP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional prospective study included 76 patients with suspected AP who underwent both CE-CT and 3.0T MRE within 24 hours of hospital admission. Pancreatic stiffness, CT severity index (CTSI), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE)-II, and Bedside Index for Severity in AP (BISAP) scores were comparatively evaluated using data from the first 24 hours of admission, and diagnosis and severity of AP were confirmed according to the revised Atlanta Classification (2012)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236520/frequency-and-prognosis-of-acute-pancreatitis-associated-with-fulminant-or-non-fulminant-acute-hepatitis-a-a-systematic-review
#14
Samir Haffar, Fateh Bazerbachi, Larry Prokop, Kymberly D Watt, M Hassan Murad, Suresh T Chari
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with fulminant viral hepatitis is well recognized and its mortality depends on the severity of hepatitis rather than pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis associated with non-fulminant acute hepatitis A (AHA) has been rarely described, and is considered to have a benign course with good response to conservative management. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the frequency and prognosis of AP associated with fulminant or non-fulminant AHA...
February 17, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207167/bisap-ranson-lactate-and-others-biomarkers-in-prediction-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis-in-a-european-cohort
#15
Francisco Valverde-López, Ana M Matas-Cobos, Carlos Alegría-Motte, Rita Jiménez-Rosales, Margarita Úbeda-Muñoz, Eduardo Redondo-Cerezo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Assessing and comparing the predicting ability of some scores and biomarkers in Acute Pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: We prospectively collected data from 269 patients diagnosed of AP, admitted to Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital between June 2010 and June 2012. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), C-reactive protein (CRP) and creatinine (Cr) were measured on admission and after 48 hours, lactate and BISAP only on admission and RANSON within the first 48 hours...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196012/a-study-on-the-etiology-severity-and-mortality-of-3260-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis-according-to-the-revised-atlanta-classification-in-jiangxi-china-over-an-8-year-period
#16
Yin Zhu, Xiaolin Pan, Hao Zeng, Wenhua He, Liang Xia, Pi Liu, Yong Zhu, Youxiang Chen, Nonghua Lv
OBJECTIVES: Currently, the epidemiology of acute pancreatitis (AP) according to the Atlanta classification 2012 is rare. Thus, we aim to evaluate the etiology, severity, and mortality of AP according to Atlanta classification 2012 in Jiangxi, China. METHODS: We analyzed 3260 hospitalized patients between 2005 and 2012 from AP database. The severity was classified by the Atlanta classification 2012. RESULTS: 3260 patients were admitted. Cholelithiasis (58...
April 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190685/impact-of-body-fat-and-muscle-distribution-on-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#17
Seung Bae Yoon, Moon Hyung Choi, In Seok Lee, Chul-Hyun Lim, Jin Soo Kim, Yu Kyung Cho, Jae Myung Park, Bo-In Lee, Young-Seok Cho, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a well-established risk factor for severe acute pancreatitis (AP); however, the impact of visceral obesity or sarcopenic obesity on severity of AP has not been well studied. We compared the relationship between severity of AP and various body parameters including body weight, body mass index (BMI), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and visceral fat-to-muscle ratio (VMR). METHODS: We analyzed the data of patients who were diagnosed with AP from 2009 to 2015...
February 6, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117219/revised-atlanta-classification-and-determinant-based-classification-which-one-better-at-stratifying-outcomes-of-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#18
Jun-Ho Choi, Myung-Hwan Kim, Dong Hui Cho, Dongwook Oh, Hyun Woo Lee, Tae Jun Song, Do Hyun Park, Sang Soo Lee, Dong-Wan Seo, Sung Koo Lee
BACGROUND: Two different severity classifications (revised Atlanta classification [RAC] and determinant-based classification [DBC]) were recently proposed. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a prospective acute pancreatitis (AP) database. This study aims to compare the ability of three classification systems (RAC, DBC, and original Atlanta classification [OAC]) to stratify outcomes of AP and to determine the association between different severity categories and clinical outcomes...
March 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079612/thrombopoietin-as-early-biomarker-of-disease-severity-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#19
Enrico Lupia, Luca Pigozzi, Emanuele Pivetta, Ornella Bosco, Barbara Vizio, Maria Loiacono, Manuela Lucchiari, Stefania Battista, Fulvio Morello, Corrado Moiraghi, Giulio Mengozzi, Giuseppe Montrucchio
OBJECTIVES: To study the concentrations of thrombopoietin (TPO), a growth factor recently involved in the pathogenesis of experimental acute pancreatitis (AP), and its potential role as an early diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in patients with AP. METHODS: Thrombopoietin was measured in 44 AP patients, 18 patients with nonpancreatic acute abdominal pain, and 18 healthy volunteers. Acute pancreatitis severity was classified on the basis of the 2012 International Atlanta Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis criteria...
February 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013317/determination-of-serum-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-at-the-early-stage-of-acute-pancreatitis
#20
Mateusz Sporek, Paulina Dumnicka, Agnieszka Gala-Błądzińska, Małgorzata Mazur-Laskowska, Jerzy Walocha, Piotr Ceranowicz, Zygmunt Warzecha, Artur Dembiński, Marek Kuźniewski, Rafał Olszanecki, Beata Kuśnierz-Cabala
AIM: e aim of the study was to assess the diagnostic value of serum concentrations of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (sNGAL) for the determination of the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) at the early stage of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The study group consisted of 65 patients(34 men and 31 women),aged 62.2 ± 16.0, admitted to the Surgery Department of the District Hospital in Sucha Beskidzka, Poland, with the diagnosis of AP according to the revised Atlanta classification (2012)...
2016: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
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