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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161767/effects-of-different-endurance-exercise-modalities-on-migraine-days-and-cerebrovascular-health-in-episodic-migraineurs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Henner Hanssen, Alice Minghetti, Stefano Magon, Anja Rossmeissl, Maria Rasenack, Athina Papadopoulou, Christopher Klenk, Oliver Faude, Lukas Zahner, Till Sprenger, Lars Donath
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise training is a promising complementary treatment option in migraine and can reduce migraine days and improve retinal microvascular function. Our aim was to elucidate whether different aerobic exercise programs at high vs. moderate intensities distinctly affect migraine days as primary outcome and retinal vessel parameters as a secondary. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, migraine days were recorded by a validated migraine diary in 45 migraineurs of which 36 (female: 28; age: 36 (SD:10)/ BMI: 23...
November 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161576/unraveling-physiological-biochemical-and-molecular-mechanisms-involved-in-olive-olea-europaea-l-cv-ch%C3%A3-toui-tolerance-to-drought-and-salt-stresses
#2
Mariem Ben Abdallah, Dalila Trupiano, Antonella Polzella, Elena De Zio, Mauro Sassi, Andrea Scaloni, Mokhtar Zarrouk, Nabil Ben Youssef, Gabriella Stefania Scippa
Olive (Olea europaea L.) is an economically important crop for the Mediterranean basin, where prolonged drought and soil salinization may occur. This plant has developed a series of mechanisms to tolerate and grow under these adverse conditions. By using an integrated approach, we described in Chétoui olive cultivar the changes in plant growth, oxidative damage and osmolyte accumulation in leaves, in combination with corresponding changes in physiological parameters and proteome. Our results showed, under both stress conditions, a greater growth reduction of the aboveground plant organs than of the underground counterparts...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161421/europe-pmc-in-2017
#3
Maria Levchenko, Yuci Gou, Florian Graef, Audrey Hamelers, Zhan Huang, Michele Ide-Smith, Anusha Iyer, Oliver Kilian, Jyothi Katuri, Jee-Hyub Kim, Nikos Marinos, Rakesh Nambiar, Michael Parkin, Xingjun Pi, Frances Rogers, Francesco Talo, Vid Vartak, Aravind Venkatesan, Johanna McEntyre
Europe PMC (https://europepmc.org) is a comprehensive resource of biomedical research publications that offers advanced tools for search, retrieval, and interaction with the scientific literature. This article outlines new developments since 2014. In addition to delivering the core database and services, Europe PMC focuses on three areas of development: individual user services, data integration, and infrastructure to support text and data mining. Europe PMC now provides user accounts to save search queries and claim publications to ORCIDs, as well as open access profiles for authors based on public ORCID records...
November 17, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161360/reply-clippers-a-possible-symptomatic-lymphohistiocytic-immune-reaction
#4
W Oliver Tobin, Yong Guo, B Mark Keegan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161210/index-use-of-smoflipid-in-a-tertiary-intestinal-rehabilitation-and-transplantation-program
#5
Kwai Lam, Thomas Schiano, Maria Isabel Fiel, Kishore Iyer
Long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) may be complicated by PN-associated liver disease (PNALD), and some studies suggest an association between the use of soy-based fat emulsions and PNALD development. Patients' liver function typically improves and PNALD resolves after reducing or stopping a soy-based fat emulsion, and thus lipid minimization has been the primary strategy for managing PNALD in many intestinal rehabilitation programs. However, fat emulsions often cannot be stopped entirely, leading some patients to develop PNALD even after lipid reduction strategies have been implemented...
November 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161207/composite-intravenous-fat-emulsion-in-a-postsurgical-critically-ill-patient-a-case-study
#6
Gregory J Roberti, Cameron G Cangelose, Robert G Martindale
Parenteral nutrition (PN), including lipids, in high-risk or poorly nourished critically ill patients is indicated when enteral nutrition is contraindicated; however, soybean oil-based PN can stimulate proinflammatory processes. Fish oil (FO) is generally less inflammatory and has recently been shown to be active in the resolution of inflammatory processes. In this study, we look at whether the use of a blended intravenous fat emulsion that includes soybean, medium-chain triglycerides, olive oil, and FO confers clinical benefits in critically ill patients...
November 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161196/emergence-of-mixed-oil-fat-emulsions-for-use-in-parenteral-nutrition
#7
Manpreet S Mundi, Robert Martindale, Ryan T Hurt
Since early work by Wretlind and Schuberth led to the development of a stable and safe intravenous fat emulsion (IFE) using soybean oil (SO) and egg phospholipid emulsifier, IFEs have become a crucial source of essential fatty acids and nonprotein energy in parenteral nutrition. However, largely due to their high ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and phytosterol content, SO IFEs have been associated with complications, including a proinflammatory profile and hypertriglyceridemia, as well as intestinal failure-associated liver disease...
November 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160876/synthesis-and-antioxidant-evaluation-of-lipophilic-oleuropein-aglycone-derivatives
#8
M Nardi, S Bonacci, L Cariati, P Costanzo, M Oliverio, G Sindona, A Procopio
Oleuropein is the most important phenolic compound present in olive cultivars, but it is scarcely present in extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) due to its high hydrophilicity and degradability. Thus, a set of oleuropein aglycone derivatives were synthesized by transacetylation under mild conditions with the aim of circumventing these drawbacks and making the active moiety in oleuropein suitable to be added to food fats. The oleuropein aglycone (closed ring form) is obtained by hydrolyzing oleuropein using Lewis acid catalysis...
November 21, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160605/1-5-disubstituted-1-2-3-triazole-containing-peptidotriazolamers-design-principles-for-a-class-of-versatile-peptidomimetics
#9
Oliver Kracker, Jerzy Góra, Joanna Krzciuk-Gula, Antoine Marion, Beate Neumann, Hans-Georg Stammler, Anke Nieß, Iris Antes, Rafal Latajka, Norbert Sewald
Peptidotriazolamers are hybrid foldamers combining features of peptides and triazolamers - repetitive peptidomimetic structures with triazoles replacing peptide bonds. We report on the synthesis of a new class of peptidomimetics, containing 1,5-disubstituted 1,2,3-triazoles in an alternating fashion with amide bonds and the analysis of their conformation in solid state and solution. Homo- or heterochiral peptidotriazolamers were obtained from enantiomerically pure propargylamines with stereogenic centers in the propargylic position and alpha-azido esters by ruthenium-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (RuAAC) under microwave conditions in high yields...
November 21, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160221/evaluation-of-blue-mussel-mytilus-edulis-as-vector-for-viral-hemorrhagic-septicemia-virus-vhsv
#10
Kwang Il Kim, Young Chul Kim, Woo Ju Kwon, Hyun Do Jeong
When viral diseases occur in aquaculture farms, the virus released into the seawater from infected animals can re-infect other susceptible species or accumulate in filter-feeding organisms. We conducted a viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) survivability analysis of blue mussel Mytilus edulis digestive enzymes, viral depuration, and infectivity tests via in vitro and in vivo inoculation to evaluate the infectious state. VHSV particles were not completely digested within 24 h in vitro and were maintained for 7 d in the mussel digestive gland...
November 21, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159601/activating-fgfr1-mutations-in-sporadic-pheochromocytomas
#11
Jenny Welander, Małgorzata Łysiak, Michael Brauckhoff, Laurent Brunaud, Peter Söderkvist, Oliver Gimm
INTRODUCTION: Pheochromocytomas are neuroendocrine tumors of the adrenal glands. Up to 40% of the cases are caused by germline mutations in one of at least 15 susceptibility genes, making them the human neoplasms with the highest degree of heritability. Recurrent somatic alterations are found in about 50% of the more common sporadic tumors with NF1 being the most common mutated gene (20-25%). In many sporadic tumors, however, a genetic explanation is still lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the genomic landscape of sporadic pheochromocytomas with whole-exome sequencing of 16 paired tumor and normal DNA samples and extended confirmation analysis in 2 additional cohorts comprising a total of 80 sporadic pheochromocytomas...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159587/teaching-an-old-pet-new-tricks-tuning-of-inclusion-body-formation-and-properties-by-a-mixed-feed-system-in-e-coli
#12
David J Wurm, Julian Quehenberger, Julia Mildner, Britta Eggenreich, Christoph Slouka, Andreas Schwaighofer, Karin Wieland, Bernhard Lendl, Vignesh Rajamanickam, Christoph Herwig, Oliver Spadiut
Against the outdated belief that inclusion bodies (IBs) in Escherichia coli are only inactive aggregates of misfolded protein, and thus should be avoided during recombinant protein production, numerous biopharmaceutically important proteins are currently produced as IBs. To obtain correctly folded, soluble product, IBs have to be processed, namely, harvested, solubilized, and refolded. Several years ago, it was discovered that, depending on cultivation conditions and protein properties, IBs contain partially correctly folded protein structures, which makes IB processing more efficient...
November 20, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159503/discovering-the-individual-brain-brain-stimulation-in-psychiatry-editorial-i-to-the-supplement-from-the-2nd-european-conference-on-brain-stimulation-in-psychiatry
#13
Frank Padberg, Anna-Katharine Brem, Ulrich Palm, Oliver Pogarell, Alkomiet Hasan, Jerôme Brunelin, Chris Baeken, Emmanuel Poulet, Berthold Langguth, Daniel Keeser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158501/diverse-landscapes-beneath-pine-island-glacier-influence-ice-flow
#14
Robert G Bingham, David G Vaughan, Edward C King, Damon Davies, Stephen L Cornford, Andrew M Smith, Robert J Arthern, Alex M Brisbourne, Jan De Rydt, Alastair G C Graham, Matteo Spagnolo, Oliver J Marsh, David E Shean
The retreating Pine Island Glacier (PIG), West Antarctica, presently contributes ~5-10% of global sea-level rise. PIG's retreat rate has increased in recent decades with associated thinning migrating upstream into tributaries feeding the main glacier trunk. To project future change requires modelling that includes robust parameterisation of basal traction, the resistance to ice flow at the bed. However, most ice-sheet models estimate basal traction from satellite-derived surface velocity, without a priori knowledge of the key processes from which it is derived, namely friction at the ice-bed interface and form drag, and the resistance to ice flow that arises as ice deforms to negotiate bed topography...
November 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158364/adverse-event-reporting-in-clinical-trials-time-to-include-duration-as-well-as-severity
#15
EDITORIAL
Oliver Sartor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158362/cd38-bispecific-antibody-pretargeted-radioimmunotherapy-for-multiple-myeloma-and-other-b-cell-malignancies
#16
Damian J Green, Shyril O'Steen, Yukang Lin, Melilssa L Comstock, Aimee L Kenoyer, Donald K Hamlin, D Scott Wilbur, Darrell R Fisher, Margaret Nartea, Mark D Hylarides, Ajay K Gopal, Theodore A Gooley, Johnnie J Orozco, Brian G Till, Kelly D Orcutt, K Dane Wittrup, Oliver W Press
Pretargeted radioimmunotherapy (PRIT) has demonstrated remarkable efficacy targeting tumor antigens, but immunogenicity and endogenous biotin blocking may limit clinical translation. We describe a new PRIT approach for the treatment of Multiple Myeloma (MM) and other B cell malignancies, for which we developed an anti-CD38 bispecific fusion protein that eliminates endogenous biotin interference and immunogenic elements. In murine xenograft models of MM and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), the CD38 bispecific construct demonstrated excellent blood clearance and tumor targeting...
November 20, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158163/identification-of-tissue-damage-extracellular-matrix-remodeling-and-bacterial-challenge-as-common-mechanisms-associated-with-high-risk-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#17
Melanie C Föll, Matthias Fahrner, Christine Gretzmeier, Käthe Thoma, Martin L Biniossek, Dimitra Kiritsi, Frank Meiss, Oliver Schilling, Alexander Nyström, Johannes S Kern
In this study we used a genetic extracellular matrix (ECM) disease to identify mechanisms associated with aggressive behavior of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). cSCC is one of the most common malignancies and usually has a good prognosis. However, some cSCCs recur or metastasize and cause significant morbidity and mortality. Known factors that are associated with aggressiveness of cSCCs include tumor grading, size, localization and microinvasive behavior. To investigate molecular mechanisms that influence biologic behavior we used global proteomic and histologic analyses of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue of primary human cSCCs...
November 17, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157407/oculomotor-measures-reveal-the-temporal-dynamics-of-preparing-for-search
#18
Katya Olmos-Solis, Anouk M van Loon, Sander A Los, Christian N L Olivers
Theories of visual search assume that selection is driven by an active template representation of the target object. Earlier studies suggest that template activation occurs prior to search, but the temporal dynamics of such preactivation remain unclear. Two experiments employed microsaccades to track both general preparation (i.e., anticipation of the search task as such) and template-specific preparation (i.e., anticipation of target selection) of visual search. Participants memorized a target color (i.e., the template) for an upcoming search task...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157073/parental-satisfaction-with-early-intensive-behavioral-intervention
#19
Ian Grey, Barry Coughlan, Helena Lydon, Olive Healy, Justin Thomas
Research related to parental satisfaction with early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) remains limited. A 35-item questionnaire called the parental satisfaction scale-EIBI (PSS-EIBI) was developed with four subdomains (child outcomes, family outcomes, quality of the model, and relationship with the team). Study 1 assessed levels of satisfaction for 48 parents with their child's EIBI program after approximately 1 year of intervention. Study 2 examined the relationship between parental satisfaction, length of child participation in EIBI, and the relationship between parental satisfaction and actual outcomes for their child as assessed by the Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program after approximately 2 years...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157052/population-structure-and-patterns-of-geographic-differentiation-of-bactrocera-oleae-diptera-tephritidae-in-eastern-mediterranean-basin
#20
Ceren Naz Eti, Ersin Dogac, Belgin Gocmen Taskin, Güven Gokdere, Vatan Taskin
The olive fly (Bactrocera oleae) is the most destructive pest of olives in most commercial olive-growing regions worldwide. Significant economic damage to olive production is caused by the larvae of this fly, which feed on the pulp of Olea fruits. Studying the genetic structure of insect pest populations is essential for the success of pest management strategies. Our primary goal in the present study was to examine the population structures of olive flies collected over a wide geographic area from Turkey, a representative of eastern Mediterranean region, using two mitochondrial DNA sequences as genetic markers...
November 21, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
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