keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

olive

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531858/combined-acid-alkaline-peroxide-pretreatment-of-olive-tree-biomass-for-bioethanol-production
#1
José Carlos Martínez-Patiño, Encarnación Ruiz, Inmaculada Romero, Cristóbal Cara, Juan Carlos López-Linares, Eulogio Castro
Olive tree biomass (OTB) can be used for producing second generation bioethanol. In this work, extracted OTB was subjected to fractionation using a sequential acid/alkaline oxidative pretreatment. In the first acid stage, the effects of sulfuric acid concentration and reaction times at 130°C were investigated. Up to 71% solubilization of hemicellulosic sugars was achieved under optimized conditions (2.4% H2SO4, 84min). In the second stage, the influence of hydrogen peroxide concentration and process time were evaluated at 80°C...
April 28, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531284/different-abundance-and-correlational-patterns-exist-between-total-and-presumed-pathogenic-v-vulnificus-and-v-parahaemolyticus-in-shellfish-and-waters-along-the-north-carolina-coast
#2
Tiffany C Williams, Brett A Froelich, Britney Phippen, Patricia Fowler, Rachel T Noble, James D Oliver
Monitoring of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus abundance is pertinent due to the ability of these species to cause disease in humans through aquatic vectors. Previously, we performed a multiyear investigation tracking Vibrio spp. levels in five sites along the southeastern North Carolina coast. From February 2013 to October 2015 total V. vulnificus, and V. parahaemolyticus abundance was measured in water, oysters, and clams. In the current study, pathogenic subpopulations were identified in these isolates using molecular markers, revealing that 5...
May 20, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531226/intercenter-validation-of-a-knowledge-based-model-for-automated-planning-of-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-the-experience-of-the-german-rapidplan-consortium
#3
Carolin Schubert, Oliver Waletzko, Christian Weiss, Dirk Voelzke, Sevda Toperim, Arnd Roeser, Silvia Puccini, Marc Piroth, Christian Mehrens, Jan-Dirk Kueter, Kirsten Hierholz, Karsten Gerull, Antonella Fogliata, Andreas Block, Luca Cozzi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of a model-based optimisation process for volumetric modulated arc therapy applied to prostate cancer in a multicentric cooperative group. The RapidPlan (RP) knowledge-based engine was tested for the planning of Volumetric modulated arc therapy with RapidArc on prostate cancer patients. The study was conducted in the frame of the German RapidPlan Consortium (GRC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: 43 patients from one institute of the GRC were used to build and train a RP model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531105/high-mobility-group-box-1-disrupts-metabolic-function-with-cigarette-smoke-exposure-in-a-ceramide-dependent-manner
#4
Oliver J Taylor, Mikayla O Thatcher, Sheryl T Carr, Jonathan L Gibbs, Annie M Trumbull, Mitchell E Harrison, Duane R Winden, Mackenzie J Pearson, Trevor S Tippetts, William L Holland, Paul R Reynolds, Benjamin T Bikman
We have previously found that cigarette smoke disrupts metabolic function, in part, by increasing muscle ceramide accrual. To further our understanding of this, we sought to determine the role of the cytokine high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), which is increased with smoke exposure, in smoke-induced muscle metabolic perturbations. To test this theory, we determined HMGB1 from lungs of human smokers, as well as from lung cells from mice exposed to cigarette smoke. We also treated cells and mice directly with HMGB1, in the presence or absence of myriocin, an inhibitor of serine palmitoyltransferase, the rate-limiting enzyme in ceramide biosynthesis...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531088/influence-of-patient-mispositioning-on-sar-distribution-and-simulated-temperature-in-regional-deep-hyperthermia
#5
Bassim Aklan, Pia Gierse, Josefin Hartmann, Oliver J Ott, Rainer Fietkau, Christoph Bert
Patient positioning plays an important role in regional deep hyperthermia to obtain a successful hyperthermia treatment. In this study, the influence of possible patient mispositioning was systematically assessed on specific absorption rate (SAR) and temperature distribution. With a finite difference time domain approach, the SAR and temperature distributions were predicted for six patients at 312 positions. Patient displacements and rotations as well as the combination of both were considered inside the Sigma-Eye applicator...
May 22, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530614/effect-of-traditional-chinese-cooking-methods-on-fatty-acid-profiles-of-vegetable-oils
#6
Yamin Cui, Pengfei Hao, Bingjie Liu, Xianghong Meng
The effect of four frying processes (vegetable salad, stir frying, pan frying, and deep frying) on fatty acid composition of ten vegetable oils (peanut oil, soybean oil, rapeseed oil, corn oil, sunflower seed oil, rice bran oil, olive oil, sesame oil, linseed oil, and peony seed oil) was investigated using GC-MS. The result showed that trans-fatty acid (TFA) was produced during all processes. Rapeseed oil had the highest TFA content in vegetable salad oil with 2.88% of total fatty acid. The TFA content of sunflower seed oil was 0...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530562/optimization-and-validation-of-a-rapid-liquid-chromatography-method-for-determination-of-the-main-polyphenolic-compounds-in-table-olives-and-in-olive-paste
#7
M Cabrera-Bañegil, T Schaide, R Manzano, J Delgado-Adámez, I Durán-Merás, D Martín-Vertedor
A high performance liquid chromatography method, coupled to diode-array and fluorescence detectors, with a previous solid-liquid extraction, has been developed for the simultaneous detection and quantification of polyphenolic compounds in table olives and in olive paste. The effects of extraction variables have been studied by response surface methodology. The best conditions were extraction with 100% methanol (2mM NaF) during 30min for table olives, and 91% methanol (2mM NaF) during 40min for olive paste. Chromatographic separation of 26 polyphenols from different families was optimized...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530490/role-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-clinical-trials-recommendations-on-reporting
#8
Oliver Schnell, Katharine Barnard, Richard Bergenstal, Emanuele Bosi, Satish Garg, Bruno Guerci, Thomas Haak, Irl B Hirsch, Linong Ji, Shashank R Joshi, Maarten Kamp, Lori Laffel, Mathieu Chantal, William H Polonsky, Frank Snoek, Philip Home
Thanks to significant improvements in the precision, accuracy, and usability of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), its relevance in both ambulatory diabetes care and clinical research is increasing. In this study, we address the latter perspective and derive provisional reporting recommendations. CGM systems have been available since around the year 2000 and used primarily in people with type 1 diabetes. In contrast to self-measured glucose, CGM can provide continuous real-time measurement of glucose levels, alerts for hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, and a detailed assessment of glycemic variability...
May 22, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530096/engineering-eschericha-coli-for-enhanced-tyrosol-production
#9
Yuxiang Xue, Xianzhong Chen, Cui Yang, Junzhuang Chang, Wei Shen, You Fan
Tyrosol is a phenolic compound found in olive oil and wines. The health benefits of tyrosol have attracted considerable attention. Because the tyrosol extraction from plants poses a major obstacle, biosynthesizing this compound using microbial hosts is of interest. In this study, the phenylpyruvate decarboxylase gene ARO10 and the aromatic amino acid aminotransferase gene ARO8 were introduced into Escherichia coli to generate two recombinant tyrosol producers. Deleting the prephenate dehydratase pheA and the phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase gene feaB improved the tyrosol production...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529870/symptom-specific-amygdala-hyperactivity-modulates-motor-control-network-in-conversion-disorder
#10
Thomas Hassa, Alexandra Sebastian, Joachim Liepert, Cornelius Weiller, Roger Schmidt, Oliver Tüscher
Initial historical accounts as well as recent data suggest that emotion processing is dysfunctional in conversion disorder patients and that this alteration may be the pathomechanistic neurocognitive basis for symptoms in conversion disorder. However, to date evidence of direct interaction of altered negative emotion processing with motor control networks in conversion disorder is still lacking. To specifically study the neural correlates of emotion processing interacting with motor networks we used a task combining emotional and sensorimotor stimuli both separately as well as simultaneously during functional magnetic resonance imaging in a well characterized group of 13 conversion disorder patients with functional hemiparesis and 19 demographically matched healthy controls...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529516/suppression-of-plant-immune-responses-by-the-pseudomonas-savastanoi-pv-savastanoi-ncppb-3335-type-iii-effector-tyrosine-phosphatases-hopao1-and-hopao2
#11
María Pilar Castañeda-Ojeda, Alba Moreno-Pérez, Cayo Ramos, Emilia López-Solanilla
The effector repertoire of the olive pathogen P. savastanoi pv. savastanoi NCPPB 3335 includes two members of the HopAO effector family, one of the most diverse T3E families of the P. syringae complex. The study described here explores the phylogeny of these dissimilar members, HopAO1 and HopAO2, among the complex and reveals their activities as immune defense suppressors. Although HopAO1 is predominantly encoded by phylogroup 3 strains isolated from woody organs of woody hosts, both HopAO1 and HopAO2 are phylogenetically clustered according to the woody/herbaceous nature of their host of isolation, suggesting host specialization of the HopAO family across the P...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529489/the-electrogenic-na-k-pump-is-a-key-determinant-of-repolarization-abnormality-susceptibility-in-human-ventricular-cardiomyocytes-a-population-based-simulation-study
#12
Oliver J Britton, Alfonso Bueno-Orovio, László Virág, András Varró, Blanca Rodriguez
Background: Cellular repolarization abnormalities occur unpredictably due to disease and drug effects, and can occur even in cardiomyocytes that exhibit normal action potentials (AP) under control conditions. Variability in ion channel densities may explain differences in this susceptibility to repolarization abnormalities. Here, we quantify the importance of key ionic mechanisms determining repolarization abnormalities following ionic block in human cardiomyocytes yielding normal APs under control conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529483/identification-of-a-novel-allosteric-inhibitory-site-on-tryptophan-hydroxylase-1-enabling-unprecedented-selectivity-over-all-related-hydroxylases
#13
Mike Petrassi, Rob Barber, Celine Be, Sarah Beach, Brian Cox, Anne-Marie D'Souza, Nick Duggan, Martin Hussey, Roy Fox, Peter Hunt, Gabor Jarai, Takatoshi Kosaka, Paul Oakley, Viral Patel, Neil Press, David Rowlands, Clemens Scheufler, Oliver Schmidt, Honnappa Srinivas, Mary Turner, Rob Turner, John Westwick, Alison Wolfreys, Nuzhat Pathan, Simon Watson, Matthew Thomas
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has demonstrated multi-serotonin receptor dependent pathologies, characterized by increased tone (5-HT1B receptor) and complex lesions (SERT, 5-HT1B, 5-HT2B receptors) of the pulmonary vasculature together with right ventricular hypertrophy, ischemia and fibrosis (5-HT2B receptor). Selective inhibitors of individual signaling elements - SERT, 5-HT2A, 5HT2B, and combined 5-HT2A/B receptors, have all been tested clinically and failed. Thus, inhibition of tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1), the rate limiting step in 5-HT synthesis, has been suggested as a more broad, and thereby more effective, mode of 5-HT inhibition...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529446/synthesis-of-chiral-tetrahydrofurans-and-pyrrolidines-by-visible-light-mediated-deoxygenation
#14
Daniel Rackl, Viktor Kais, Eugen Lutsker, And Oliver Reiser
The synthesis of chiral tetrahydrofurans and pyrrolidines starting from 1,2-diols or β-amino alcohols, respectively, by visible-light-mediated deoxygenation is described. Easily accessible monoallylated/propargylated substrates were activated either as inexpensive ethyl oxalates or as recyclable 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzoates to generate alkyl radicals suitable for 5-exo-trig/5-exo-dig cyclizations under visible-light irradiation.
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529051/ultrasound-assisted-biogas-production-from-co-digestion-of-wastewater-sludges-and-agricultural-wastes-comparison-with-microwave-pre-treatment
#15
B Aylin Alagöz, Orhan Yenigün, Ayşen Erdinçler
This study investigates the effect of ultrasonication and microwave sludge disintegration/pre-treatment techniques on the anaerobic co-digestion efficiency of wastewater sludges with olive and grape pomaces. The effects of both co-digestion and sludge pre-treatment techniques were evaluated in terms of the organic removal efficiency and the biogas production. The "co-digestion" of wastewater sludge with both types of pomaces was revealed to be a much more efficient way for the biogas production compared to the single (mono) sludge digestion...
May 11, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528885/cmr-in-hypertension-looking-beyond-the-heart
#16
Oliver Chávez Núñez, Ernesto Dallí Peydró, Alicia M Maceira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528883/dilated-cardiomyopathy-and-hydroxychloroquine-induced-phospholipidosis-from-curvilinear-bodies-to-clinical-suspicion
#17
Francisco Di Girolamo, Eduard Claver, Montse Olivé, Joel Salazar-Mendiguchía, Nicolás Manito, Ángel Cequier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528869/pure-membranous-lupus-nephritis-description-of-a-cohort-of-150-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Lucía Silva-Fernández, Teresa Otón, Anca Askanase, Patricia Carreira, Francisco Javier López-Longo, Alejandro Olivé, Íñigo Rúa-Figueroa, Javier Narváez, Esther Ruiz-Lucea, Mariano Andrés, Enrique Calvo, Francisco Toyos, Juan José Alegre-Sancho, Eva Tomero, Carlos Montilla, Antonio Zea, Esther Uriarte, Jaime Calvo-Alén, Carlos Marras, Víctor M Martínez-Taboada, María Ángeles Belmonte-López, José Rosas, Enrique Raya, Gema Bonilla, Mercedes Freire, José María Pego-Reigosa, Isabel Millán, Adwoa Hughes-Morley
OBJECTIVES: The course and long-term outcome of pure membranous lupus nephritis (MLN) are little understood. The aims of this study are to evaluate the clinical features, course, outcome and prognostic indicators in pure MLN and to determine the impact of ethnicity and the type of health insurance on the course and prognosis of pure MLN. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 150 patients with pure MLN from Spain and the USA. RESULTS: Mean age was 34...
May 18, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527894/hfe-genotype-affects-exosome-phenotype-in-cancer
#19
Oliver D Mrowczynski, A B Madhankumar, Becky Slagle-Webb, Sang Y Lee, Brad E Zacharia, James R Connor
Neuroblastoma is the third most common childhood cancer, and timely diagnosis and sensitive therapeutic monitoring remain major challenges. Tumor progression and recurrence is common with little understanding of mechanisms. A major recent focus in cancer biology is the impact of exosomes on metastatic behavior and the tumor microenvironment. Exosomes have been demonstrated to contribute to the oncogenic effect on the surrounding tumor environment and also mediate resistance to therapy. The effect of genotype on exosomal phenotype has not yet been explored...
May 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527673/minimal-access-surgery-compared-to-laparotomy-for-secondary-surgical-cytoreduction-in-patients-with-recurrent-ovarian-carcinoma-perioperative-and-oncologic-outcomes
#20
Ane Gerda Z Eriksson, Ashley Graul, Miao C Yu, Anthony Halko, Dennis S Chi, Oliver Zivanovic, Ginger J Gardner, Yukio Sonoda, Richard R Barakat, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Mario M Leitao
OBJECTIVES: To assess the perioperative outcomes of minimal access surgery (MAS) in secondary surgical cytoreduction (SSCR) for recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer (ROC); to compare oncologic outcomes with laparotomy (LAP). METHODS: Using an institutional database, we identified all patients with ROC undergoing SSCR from 1/5/09-6/14/14. Selection for MAS or LAP was based on surgeon preference. To minimize selection bias, preoperative imaging was reviewed for all LAP cases...
May 17, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
keyword
keyword
72052
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"