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Janak Shah

Ayushi Jayesh Shah, Vijaykumar Singh, Subita P Patil, Mithila R Gadkari, Varun Ramchandani, Karan Janak Doshi
Background: Compliance to antihypertensive therapy reduces the risk of complications. It is important to understand the factors affecting compliance in patients so that the goal of successful treatment is not jeopardized. Objectives: To determine the proportion of participants' compliant to treatment and various factors associated with compliance of antihypertensive treatment. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study of 330 hypertensive patients on treatment attending the outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Harsh Dilipkumar Shah, Bonny Shah, Paresh V Dave, Janak B Katariya, Khyati P Vats
Context: Facility Based Newborn Care (FBNC) is a key strategy to improve child survival, especially in newborn care where neonatal mortality rate (NMR) is stagnant in declining. Gujarat has achieved considerable amount of reduction in child deaths, but neonatal health requires attention. The study was aimed to assess the admission pattern of Special Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) which supports decision-making. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional descriptive analysis was done from secondary data of the SNCU reports on the aspects of admission patterns, morbidity, and mortality pattern...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Bhupendra Shah, Bijay Bartaula, Janak Adhikari, Hari Shankar Neupane, Birendra Prasad Shah, Gunaraj Poudel
Introduction: Stroke is the second most common cause of mortality worldwide. Data regarding the predictors of mortality of acute ischemic stroke are widely discordant. Identifying the predictors and providing the utmost care to a high-risk patient is still an unmet need in middle- to low-income countries. We did this study to identify the predictor of in-hospital mortality of acute ischemic stroke. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients with acute ischemic stroke presented to the tertiary care center in eastern Nepal from January 2012 to December 2016...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Sachin Wani, V Raman Muthusamy, Cindy M McGrath, Antonia R Sepulveda, Ananya Das, Wells Messersmith, Michael L Kochman, Janak Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Carrie Marshall, Rawad Mounzer, Matt Hall, Violette Simon, Barbara Centeno, Katie Dennis, Jasreman Dhillon, Fang Fan, Laila Khazai, Jason Klapman, Srinadh Komanduri, Xiaoqi Lin, David Lu, Sanjana Mehrotra, V Raman Muthusamy, Ritu Nayar, Ajit Paintal, Jianyu Rao, Sharon Sams, Janak Shah, Rabindra Watson, Amit Rastogi, Sachin Wani
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the widespread use of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) to sample pancreatic lesions and the standardization of pancreaticobiliary cytopathologic nomenclature, there are few data on inter-observer agreement among cytopathologists evaluating pancreatic cytologic specimens obtained by EUS-FNA. We developed a scoring system to assess agreement among cytopathologists in overall diagnosis and quantitative and qualitative parameters, and evaluated factors associated with agreement...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Alexander Lee, Anupam Aditi, Yasser M Bhat, Kenneth F Binmoeller, Chris Hamerski, Oriol Sendino, Steve Kane, John P Cello, Lukejohn W Day, Medi Mohamadnejad, V Raman Muthusamy, Rabindra Watson, Jason B Klapman, Sri Komanduri, Sachin Wani, Janak N Shah
Background and aims Precut papillotomy is widely used after failed biliary cannulation. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary access techniques are newer methods to facilitate access and therapy in failed cannulation. We evaluated the impact of EUS-guided biliary access on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) success and compared these techniques to precut papillotomy. Patients and methods We retrospectively compared two ERCP cohorts. One cohort consisted of biliary ERCPs (n = 1053) attempted in patients with native papillae and surgically unaltered anatomy in whom precut papillotomy and/or EUS-guided biliary access were routinely performed immediately after failed cannulation...
February 2017: Endoscopy
Rabindra R Watson, Jason Klapman, Srinadh Komanduri, Janak N Shah, Sachin Wani, Raman Muthusamy
BACKGROUND: Sphincter of Oddi manometry (SOM) is recommended in the evaluation of suspected Type II sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD2), though its utility is uncertain. Little is known about the practice of expert endoscopists in the United States regarding SOD2. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey was distributed to 128 expert biliary endoscopists identified from U.S. advanced endoscopy training programs. RESULTS: The response rate was 46...
September 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Karan M Shah, Matt M Stern, Amber R Stern, Janak L Pathak, Nathalie Bravenboer, Astrid D Bakker
The aim of this paper is to present several popular methods for in vitro culture of osteocytes and osteocyte cell lines. Osteocytes are located extremely suitably within the calcified bone matrix to sense mechanical signals, and are equipped with a multitude of molecular features that allow mechanosensing. However, osteocytes are more than specialized mechanosensing cells. Several signaling molecules are preferentially produced by osteocytes, and osteocytes hold a tight reign over osteoblast and osteoclast formation and activity, but also have a role as endocrine cell, communicating with muscles or organs as remote as the kidneys...
2016: BoneKEy Reports
A Aziz Aadam, Sachin Wani, Ashley Amick, Janak N Shah, Yasser M Bhat, Christopher M Hamerski, Jason B Klapman, V Raman Muthusamy, Rabindra R Watson, Alfred W Rademaker, Rajesh N Keswani, Laurie Keefer, Ananya Das, Srinadh Komanduri
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Techniques to optimize endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue acquisition (EUS-TA) in a variety of lesion types have not yet been established. The primary aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic yield (DY) of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) to endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) for pancreatic and non-pancreatic masses. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients referred for EUS-TA underwent randomization to EUS-FNA or EUS-FNB at four tertiary-care medical centers...
May 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Janak N Shah, Yasser M Bhat, Chris M Hamerski, Steve D Kane, Kenneth F Binmoeller
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: ERCP inherently involves radiation exposure. Nonradiation ERCP has been described in pregnancy. Theoretically, the same techniques could be applied to the general population. We prospectively assessed the feasibility of nonradiation, EUS-based ERCP in nonpregnant patients with choledocholithiasis. METHODS: Consecutive patients referred for ERCP for choledocholithiasis were recruited over a 1-year period. Patients providing study consent underwent the following procedural protocol...
November 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Amy Tyberg, Manuel Perez-Miranda, Ramon Sanchez-Ocaña, Irene Peñas, Carlos de la Serna, Janak Shah, Kenneth Binmoeller, Monica Gaidhane, Ian Grimm, Todd Baron, Michel Kahaleh
BACKGROUND: Surgical gastrojejunostomy and enteral self-expanding metal stents are efficacious for the management of gastric outlet obstruction but limited by high complication rates and short-term efficacy. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gastrojejunostomy (EUS-GJ) is a novel alternative option. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent EUS-GJ between March 2014 and September 2015 as part of a prospective multicenter registry at four academic centers in two countries were included...
March 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Praneet Korrapati, Jody Ciolino, Sachin Wani, Janak Shah, Rabindra Watson, V Raman Muthusamy, Jason Klapman, Srinadh Komanduri
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Current evidence supporting the efficacy of peroral cholangioscopy (POC) in the evaluation and management of difficult bile duct stones and indeterminate strictures is limited. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to assess the following: the efficacy of POC for the therapy of difficult bile duct stones, the diagnostic accuracy of POC for the evaluation of indeterminate biliary strictures, and the overall adverse event rates for POC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients referred for the removal of difficult bile duct stones or the evaluation of indeterminate strictures via POC were included...
March 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Ryan Law, Ananya Das, Dyanna Gregory, Srinadh Komanduri, Raman Muthusamy, Amit Rastogi, John Vargo, Michael B Wallace, G S Raju, Rawad Mounzer, Jason Klapman, Janak Shah, Rabindra Watson, Robert Wilson, Steven A Edmundowicz, Sachin Wani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic resection (ER) is an efficacious treatment for complex colon polyps (CCPs). Many patients are referred for surgical resection because of concerns over procedural safety, incomplete polyp resection, and adenoma recurrence after ER. Efficacy data for both resection strategies are widely available, but a paucity of data exist on the cost-effectiveness of each modality. The aim of this study was to perform an economic analysis comparing ER and laparoscopic resection (LR) strategies in patients with CCP...
June 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Yasser M Bhat, Frank Weilert, R Todd Fredrick, Steven D Kane, Janak N Shah, Chris M Hamerski, Kenneth F Binmoeller
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Conventional endoscopic treatment of gastric fundal varices (GFV) with cyanoacrylate (CYA) glue may be complicated by embolization and rebleeding. We evaluated the long-term outcomes of EUS-guided injection of coils and CYA glue for therapy of GFV. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients treated for GFV was performed. The main outcomes measured were hemostasis, obliteration on surveillance EUS, post-treatment bleeding rate, and adverse events...
June 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Kenneth F Binmoeller, Chris M Hamerski, Janak N Shah, Yasser M Bhat, Steven D Kane
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: EMR of adenomas involving the appendiceal orifice (AO) is controversial because of a high risk of perforation and incomplete resection. We evaluated the feasibility, safety, and outcomes of underwater EMR (UEMR) without submucosal injection for the treatment of adenomas involving the AO. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study of a standardized UEMR technique without submucosal injection for adenomas involving the AO in 27 consecutive patients meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria...
March 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Amandeep K Shergill, Erin E Conners, Kenneth R McQuaid, Sara Epstein, James C Ryan, Janak N Shah, John Inadomi, Ma Somsouk
BACKGROUND: The protective effect of colonoscopy against proximal colorectal cancer is variable and depends on the detection and complete removal of precancerous polyps. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the efficacy of colonoscopy in a medical center with open-access screening colonoscopy since 1998. DESIGN: Nested case-control study with incidence density sampling. SETTING: University-affiliated Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
September 2015: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Kenneth F Binmoeller, Christopher M Hamerski, Janak N Shah, Yasser M Bhat, Steven D Kane, Richard Garcia-Kennedy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and outcomes of attempted underwater en bloc resection (UEBR) of large colorectal laterally spreading tumors (LSTs). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: Fifty patients meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria. INTERVENTIONS: Standardized UEBR technique involving attempted en bloc resection without submucosal injection by using a large 33-mm snare...
March 2015: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Phillip S Ge, Christopher M Hamerski, Rabindra R Watson, Srinadh Komanduri, Birtukan B Cinnor, Kiran Bidari, Jason B Klapman, Cui L Lin, Janak N Shah, Sachin Wani, Timothy R Donahue, V Raman Muthusamy
BACKGROUND: Plastic stents in patients with biliary obstruction caused by pancreatic adenocarcinoma are typically exchanged at 3-month intervals. Plastic stents may have reduced durability in patients receiving chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To determine the duration of plastic biliary stent patency in patients undergoing chemotherapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter cohort study. SETTING: Three tertiary academic referral centers...
February 2015: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Raj J Shah, Janak N Shah, Irving Waxman, Thomas E Kowalski, Andres Sanchez-Yague, Jose Nieto, Brian C Brauer, Monica Gaidhane, Michel Kahaleh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Plastic stents, placed via endoscopy to drain pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs), require repeat access. Covered metal stents are larger in diameter and can be inserted in a single step, but can migrate. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a lumen-apposing, covered, self-expanding metal stent (LACSEMS) for PFC drainage. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of the outcomes of stent placement in 33 patients (18 men; age, 53 ± 14 y; 28 with chronic pancreatitis) with symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts and walled-off necrosis (≥ 6 cm with ≥ 70% fluid content)...
April 2015: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Yasser M Bhat, Steve D Kane, Janak N Shah, Chris M Hamerski, Kenneth F Binmoeller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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