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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432919/synthesis-fluorescence-sensing-and-molecular-logic-of-two-water-soluble-1-8-naphthalimides
#1
Nikolai I Georgiev, Margarita D Dimitrova, Anelia Ts Mavrova, Vladimir B Bojinov
Two novel highly water-soluble fluorescence sensing 1,8-naphthalimides are synthesized and investigated. The novel compounds are designed on the "fluorophore-receptor1-spacer-receptor2" model as a molecular fluorescence probe for determination of cations and anions in 100% aqueous media. The novel probes comprising N-imide and N-phenylpiperazine or morpholine substituents are capable to operate simultaneously via ICT and PET signaling mechanism as a function of pH and to recognize selectively Cu(2+) and Hg(2+) over the other representative metal ions...
April 18, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431775/cinacalcet-hydrochloride
#2
Gamal A E Mostafa, Abdullah A Al-Badr
Cinacalcet hydrochloride is a calcimimetic agent that increases the sensitivity to the extracellular calcium of the calcium-sensing receptors of the parathyroid gland which regulates parathyroid hormone secretion. This comprehensive profile on cinacalcet hydrochloride starts with a description: nomenclature, formulae, chemical structure, elemental composition, and appearance. The uses and applications of the drug are included. The methods of preparation of cinacalcet hydrochloride are described and their respective schemes are outlined...
2017: Profiles of Drug Substances, Excipients, and related Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430205/controlled-membrane-translocation-provides-a-mechanism-for-signal-transduction-and-amplification
#3
Matthew J Langton, Flore Keymeulen, Maria Ciaccia, Nicholas H Williams, Christopher A Hunter
Transmission and amplification of chemical signals across lipid bilayer membranes is of profound significance in many biological processes, from the development of multicellular organisms to information processing in the nervous system. In biology, membrane-spanning proteins are responsible for the transmission of chemical signals across membranes, and signal transduction is often associated with an amplified signalling cascade. The ability to reproduce such processes in artificial systems has potential applications in sensing, controlled drug delivery and communication between compartments in tissue-like constructs of synthetic vesicles...
May 2017: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430121/synthesis-characterization-and-enhanced-sensing-properties-of-a-nio-zno-p-n-junctions-sensor-for-the-sf%C3%A2-decomposition-byproducts-so%C3%A2-so%C3%A2-f%C3%A2-and-sof%C3%A2
#4
Hongcheng Liu, Qu Zhou, Qingyan Zhang, Changxiang Hong, Lingna Xu, Lingfeng Jin, Weigen Chen
The detection of partial discharge and analysis of the composition and content of sulfur hexafluoride SF₆ gas components are important to evaluate the operating state and insulation level of gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) equipment. This paper reported a novel sensing material made of pure ZnO and NiO-decorated ZnO nanoflowers which were synthesized by a facile and environment friendly hydrothermal process for the detection of SF₆ decomposition byproducts. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to characterize the structural and morphological properties of the prepared gas-sensitive materials...
April 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428623/paper-strip-embedded-graphene-quantum-dots-a-screening-device-with-a-smartphone-readout
#5
Ruslan Álvarez-Diduk, Jahir Orozco, Arben Merkoçi
Simple, inexpensive and rapid sensing systems are very demanded for a myriad of uses. Intrinsic properties of emerging paper-based analytical devices have demonstrated considerable potential to fulfill such demand. This work reports an easy-to-use, low cost, and disposable paper-based sensing device for rapid chemical screening with a smartphone readout. The device comprises luminescent graphene quantum dots (GQDs) sensing probes embedded into a nitrocellulose matrix where the resonance energy transfer phenomenon seems to be the sensing mechanism...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427263/laser-induced-functionalization-of-organo-carbon-interfaces-for-selective-adsorption-of-au-nanoparticles-in-micro-sized-domains
#6
Martin Schade, Steffen Franzka, Nils Hartmann
Laser microprocessing of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) in conjunction with chemical functionalization routines are used to fabricate functional micro-sized domains. Infrared and Auger electron spectroscopy, contact angle measurements and electron microscopy are used for characterization of laser-fabricated structures. HOPG samples are coated with alkylsiloxane monolayers. Laser-induced bromination of coated HOPG samples in gaseous bromine is carried out using a microfocused laser beam at a wavelength of 514 nm and 1/e2 laser spot diameter of about 3 µm...
April 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426064/dual-stimuli-triggered-dielectric-switching-and-sensing-in-a-host-guest-cyanometallate-framework
#7
Yu-Ling Liu, Wen Zhang
The host-guest hybrid cyanometallate framework (MA)(H2O)[Sr(H2O)2Co(CN)6] (1; MA = methylammonium) shows thermally and chemically triggered dielectric switching and sensing via a temperature-driven phase transition and a water-driven reversible structure transformation between 1 and its dehydrated form (MA)[SrCo(CN)6].
April 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425926/chemical-source-localization-fusing-concentration-information-in-the-presence-of-chemical-background-noise
#8
Víctor Pomareda, Rudys Magrans, Juan M Jiménez-Soto, Dani Martínez, Marcel Tresánchez, Javier Burgués, Jordi Palacín, Santiago Marco
We present the estimation of a likelihood map for the location of the source of a chemical plume dispersed under atmospheric turbulence under uniform wind conditions. The main contribution of this work is to extend previous proposals based on Bayesian inference with binary detections to the use of concentration information while at the same time being robust against the presence of background chemical noise. For that, the algorithm builds a background model with robust statistics measurements to assess the posterior probability that a given chemical concentration reading comes from the background or from a source emitting at a distance with a specific release rate...
April 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425532/emerging-tellurium-nanostructures-controllable-synthesis-and-their-applications
#9
REVIEW
Zhen He, Yuan Yang, Jian-Wei Liu, Shu-Hong Yu
Tellurium (Te) is a rare element in trace amounts of about one part per billion, comparable to that of platinum and ranked 75th in the abundance of the elements in the earth crust. Te nanostructures, as narrow bandgap semiconductors, have numerous potential applications in the fabrication of many modern devices. The past decades have witnessed an explosion in new strategies for synthesizing diverse emerging Te nanostructures with controlled compositions, sizes, shapes, and structures. Their structure-determined nature makes functional Te nanomaterials an attractive candidate for modern applications...
April 20, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425507/recent-advances-in-boronic-acid-based-optical-chemosensors
#10
Xin Wu, Xuan-Xuan Chen, Yun-Bao Jiang
Reversible covalent binding of boronic acids with polyols and Lewis bases has facilitated the development of robust chemosensors for many biologically important species under physiologically or environmentally relevant conditions. This minireview covers selected examples of advances reported in this area from 2014 to 2016. While the discovery of new boron-containing binding motifs and identification of new analytical targets have expanded the ultility of boronic acid-based molecular recognition, unconventional sensing strategies such as exploitation of nanoscale self-assembly, multicomponent dynamic covalent assembly, and coupling boronate ester formation with a further chemical reaction have led to significantly improved sensor performance, enabling real-world applications in various areas such as cell biology and asymmetric catalysis...
April 20, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425441/methyl-parathion-detection-in-vegetables-and-fruits-using-silver-graphene-nanoribbons-nanocomposite-modified-screen-printed-electrode
#11
Mani Govindasamy, Veerappan Mani, Shen-Ming Chen, Tse-Wei Chen, Ashok Kumar Sundramoorthy
We have developed a sensitive electrochemical sensor for Organophosphorus pesticide methyl parathion (MP) using silver particles supported graphene nanoribbons (Ag@GNRs). The Ag@GNRs nanocomposite was prepared through facile wet chemical strategy and characterized by TEM, EDX, XRD, Raman, UV-visible, electrochemical and impedance spectroscopies. The Ag@GNRs film modified screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE) delivers excellent electrocatalytic ability to the reduction of MP. The Ag@GNRs/SPCE detects sub-nanomolar concentrations of MP with excellent selectivity...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422746/integrating-nanohybrid-membranes-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-chitosan-silica-sol-gel-with-fiber-optic-spr-for-caffeine-detection
#12
Ravi Kant, Rana Tabassum, Banshi D Gupta
Caffeine is the most popular psychoactive drug consumed in the world for improving alertness and enhancing wakefulness. However, caffeine consumption beyond limits can result in lot of physiological complications in human beings. In this work, we report a novel detection scheme for caffeine integrating nanohybrid membranes of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) in chitosan modified silica sol gel (rGO: chitosan: silica sol gel) with fiber optic surface plasmon resonance. The chemically synthesized nanohybrid membrane forming the sensing route has been dip coated over silver coated unclad central portion of an optical fiber...
May 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422253/3d-printed-poly-vinylidene-fluoride-carbon-nanotube-composites-as-a-tunable-low-cost-chemical-vapour-sensing-platform
#13
Z C Kennedy, J F Christ, K A Evans, B W Arey, L E Sweet, M G Warner, R L Erikson, C A Barrett
We report the production of flexible, highly-conductive poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composites as filament feedstock for 3D printing. This account further describes, for the first time, fused deposition modelling (FDM) derived 3D-printed objects with chemiresistive properties in response to volatile organic compounds. The typically prohibitive thermal expansion and die swell characteristics of PVDF were minimized by the presence of MWCNTs in the composites enabling straightforward processing and printing...
April 19, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420195/carbon-nanotube-based-chemiresistive-sensors
#14
Ruixian Tang, Yongji Shi, Zhongyu Hou, Liangming Wei
The development of simple and low-cost chemical sensors is critically important for improving human life. Many types of chemical sensors have been developed. Among them, the chemiresistive sensors receive particular attention because of their simple structure, the ease of high precise measurement and the low cost. This review mainly focuses on carbon nanotube (CNT)-based chemiresistive sensors. We first describe the properties of CNTs and the structure of CNT chemiresistive sensors. Next, the sensing mechanism and the performance parameters of the sensors are discussed...
April 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418234/piezoresistive-effect-in-plasma-doping-of-graphene-sheet-for-high-performance-flexible-pressure-sensing-application
#15
M A S M Haniff, Syed Muhammad Hafiz, Nay Ming Huang, Saadah Abdul Rahman, Khairul Wahid, Mohd Ismahadi Syono, Ishak Abdul Azid
This paper presents a straightforward plasma treatment modification of graphene with an enhanced piezoresistive effect for the realization of a high-performance pressure sensor. The changes in the graphene in terms of its morphology, structure, chemical composition, and electrical properties after the NH3/ Ar plasma treatment were investigated in detail. Through a sufficient plasma treatment condition, our studies demonstrated that plasma-treated graphene (PG) sheet exhibits a significant increase in sensitivity by one order of magnitude compared to unmodified graphene (UG) sheet...
April 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416278/ai-2-quorum-sensing-negatively-regulates-rbf-expression-and-biofilm-formation-in-staphylococcus-aureus
#16
Ronghua Ma, Shuwan Qiu, Qiu Jiang, Haipeng Sun, Ting Xue, Gang Cai, Baolin Sun
Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen that is capable of forming biofilms on biomaterial surfaces to cause biofilm-associated infections. Autoinducer 2 (AI-2), a universal language for interspecies communication, is involved in a variety of physiological activities, although its exact role in Gram-positive bacteria, especially in S. aureus, is not yet thoroughly characterized. Herein we demonstrate that inactivation of luxS, which encodes AI-2 synthase, resulted in increased biofilm formation and higher polysaccharide intercellular adhesion (PIA) production compared with the wild-type strain in S...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415180/reversals-and-collisions-optimize-protein-exchange-in-bacterial-swarms
#17
Aboutaleb Amiri, Cameron Harvey, Amy Buchmann, Scott Christley, Joshua D Shrout, Igor S Aranson, Mark Alber
Swarming groups of bacteria coordinate their behavior by self-organizing as a population to move over surfaces in search of nutrients and optimal niches for colonization. Many open questions remain about the cues used by swarming bacteria to achieve this self-organization. While chemical cue signaling known as quorum sensing is well-described, swarming bacteria often act and coordinate on time scales that could not be achieved via these extracellular quorum sensing cues. Here, cell-cell contact-dependent protein exchange is explored as a mechanism of intercellular signaling for the bacterium Myxococcus xanthus...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411641/nanoarmoring-of-proteins-by-conjugation-to-block-copolymer-micelles
#18
Nisaraporn Suthiwangcharoen, Ramanathan Nagarajan
The creation of polymer nanoparticles with protein functionality is of great interest to many applications such as targeted drug or gene delivery, diagnostic imaging, cancer theranostics, delivery of protein therapeutics, sensing chemical and biomolecular analytes in complex environments, and design of protective clothing resembling a second skin. Many approaches to achieving this goal are being explored in the current literature. In this chapter, we describe a relatively simple and flexible approach of conjugating the protein to an amphiphilic block copolymer and creating polymer nanoparticles with protein functionality by taking advantage of the intrinsic self-assembly behavior of the amphiphilic block copolymer...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409190/methyl-accepting-chemotaxis-proteins-a-core-sensing-element-in-prokaryotes-and-archaea
#19
REVIEW
Abu Iftiaf Md Salah Ud-Din, Anna Roujeinikova
Chemotaxis is the directed motility by means of which microbes sense chemical cues and relocate towards more favorable environments. Methyl-accepting chemotaxis proteins (MCPs) are the most common receptors in bacteria and archaea. They are arranged as trimers of dimers that, in turn, form hexagonal arrays in the cytoplasmic membrane or in the cytoplasm. Several different classes of MCPs have been identified according to their ligand binding region and membrane topology. MCPs have been further classified based on the length and sequence conservation of their cytoplasmic domains...
April 13, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407331/room-temperature-sensing-achieved-by-gaas-nanowires-and-ocvd-polymer-coating
#20
Xiaoxue Wang, Sema Ermez, Hilal Goktas, Silvija Gradečak, Karen Gleason
Novel structures comprised of GaAs nanowire arrays conformally coated with conducting polymers (poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) or poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene-co-3-thiophene acetic acid) display both sensitivity and selectivity to a variety of volatile organic chemicals. A key feature is room temperature operation, so that neither a heater nor the power it would consume, is required. It is a distinct difference from traditional metal oxide sensors, which typically require elevated operational temperature...
April 13, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
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