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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319663/2h-ws2-quantum-dots-produced-by-modulating-the-dimension-and-phase-of-1t-nanosheets-for-antibody-free-optical-sensing-of-neurotransmitters
#1
Man-Jin Kim, Su-Ji Jeon, Tae Woog Kang, Jong-Min Ju, DaBin Yim, Hye-In Kim, Jung Hyun Park, Jong-Ho Kim
Modulating the dimensions and phases of transition metal dichalcogenides is of great interest to enhance their intrinsic properties or to create new physicochemical properties. Herein, we report an effective approach to synthesize 2H-WS2 quantum dots (QDs) via the dimension and phase engineering of 1T-WS2 nanosheets. The solvothermal reaction of chemically-exfoliated 1T-WS2 nanosheets in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) under an N2 atmosphere induced their chopping and phase transition at lower temperature to produce 2H-WS2 QDs with a high quantum yield (5...
March 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319361/block-copolymer-templated-hierarchical-porous-carbon-nanostructures-with-nitrogen-rich-functional-groups-for-molecular-sensing
#2
Ya-Sen Sun, Chien-Fu Lin, Shih-Ting Luo, Ching-Yuan Su
The self-assembly of a block copolymer offers access to micellar nanodomains with tunable dimensions and structural diversity through control of such molecular parameters as the volume fraction and molecular mass. We fabricated hierarchical porous carbon (HPC) nanostructures with bundles of aggregated nanospheres and with nitrogen-rich functional groups through pyrolysis of diblock copolymer micelles in multiple layers. The resultant HPC nanostructures with a considerable specific surface area serve as an excellent substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), coupled with fluorescence quenching, for molecular sensing of physically adsorbed Rhodamine 6G...
March 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319029/highly-uniform-wafer-scale-synthesis-of-%C3%AE-moo-sub-3-sub-by-plasma-enhanced-chemical-vapor-deposition
#3
HyeongU Kim, Juhyun Son, Atul Kulkarni, Chisung Ahn, Ki Seok Kim, Dongjoo Shin, Geun Yeom, Taesung Kim
Molybdenum oxide (MoO<sub>3</sub>) has gained immense attention because of its high electron mobility, wide band gap, and excellent optical and catalytic properties. However, the synthesis of uniform and large-area MoO<sub>3</sub> is challenging. Here, we report the synthesis of wafer-scale α-MoO3 by plasma oxidation of Mo-deposited on Si/SiO<sub>2</sub>. Mo was oxidized by O<sub>2</sub> plasma in a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) system at 150 °C...
March 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317972/recent-progress-in-van-der-waals-heterojunctions
#4
REVIEW
Wanshun Xia, Liping Dai, Peng Yu, Xin Tong, Wenping Song, Guojun Zhang, Zhiming Wang
Following the development of many novel two-dimensional (2D) materials, investigations of van der Waals heterojunctions (vdWHs) have attracted significant attention due to their excellent properties such as smooth heterointerface, highly gate-tunable bandgap, and ultrafast carrier transport. Benefits from the atom-scale thickness, physical and chemical properties and ease of manipulation of the heterojunctions formulated by weak vdW forces were demonstrated to indicate their outstanding potential in electronic and optoelectronic applications, including photodetection and energy harvesting, and the possibility of integrating them with the existing semiconductor technology for the next-generation electronic and sensing devices...
March 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317922/optical-imaging-of-localized-chemical-events-using-programmable-diamond-quantum-nanosensors
#5
Torsten Rendler, Jitka Neburkova, Ondrej Zemek, Jan Kotek, Andrea Zappe, Zhiqin Chu, Petr Cigler, Jörg Wrachtrup
Development of multifunctional nanoscale sensors working under physiological conditions enables monitoring of intracellular processes that are important for various biological and medical applications. By attaching paramagnetic gadolinium complexes to nanodiamonds (NDs) with nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres through surface engineering, we developed a hybrid nanoscale sensor that can be adjusted to directly monitor physiological species through a proposed sensing scheme based on NV spin relaxometry. We adopt a single-step method to measure spin relaxation rates enabling time-dependent measurements on changes in pH or redox potential at a submicrometre-length scale in a microfluidic channel that mimics cellular environments...
March 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306244/recent-advances-in-ultrathin-two-dimensional-nanomaterials
#6
Chaoliang Tan, Xiehong Cao, Xue-Jun Wu, Qiyuan He, Jian Yang, Xiao Zhang, Junze Chen, Wei Zhao, Shikui Han, Gwang-Hyeon Nam, Melinda Sindoro, Hua Zhang
Since the discovery of mechanically exfoliated graphene in 2004, research on ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials has grown exponentially in the fields of condensed matter physics, material science, chemistry, and nanotechnology. Highlighting their compelling physical, chemical, electronic, and optical properties, as well as their various potential applications, in this Review, we summarize the state-of-art progress on the ultrathin 2D nanomaterials with a particular emphasis on their recent advances...
March 17, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303168/nayf4-er-3-yb-3-sio2-core-shell-upconverting-nanocrystals-for-luminescence-thermometry-up-to-900-k
#7
Robin G Geitenbeek, P Tim Prins, Wiebke Albrecht, Alfons van Blaaderen, Bert M Weckhuysen, Andries Meijerink
The rapid development of nanomaterials with unique size-tunable properties forms the basis for a variety of new applications, including temperature sensing. Luminescent nanoparticles (NPs) have demonstrated potential as sensitive nanothermometers, especially in biological systems. Their small size offers the possibility of mapping temperature profiles with high spatial resolution. The temperature range is however limited, which prevents use in high-temperature applications such as, for example, nanoelectronics, thermal barrier coatings, and chemical reactors...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302965/applications-of-ionic-liquids-for-the-development-of-optical-chemical-sensors-and-biosensors
#8
Svetlana V Muginova, Dina A Myasnikova, Sergei G Kazarian, Tatiana N Shekhovtsova
This paper reviews the primary literature reporting the use of ionic liquids (ILs) in optical sensing technologies. The optical chemical sensors that have been developed with the assistance of ILs are classified according to the type of resultant material. Key aspects of applying ILs in such sensors are revealed and discussed. They include using ILs as solvents for the synthesis of sensor matrix materials; additives in polymer matrices; matrix materials; modifiers of the surfaces; and multifunctional sensor components...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301139/designing-hydrogels-for-on-demand-therapy
#9
Nuria Oliva, João Conde, Kui Wang, Natalie Artzi
Systemic administration of therapeutic agents has been the preferred approach to treat most pathological conditions, in particular for cancer therapy. This treatment modality is associated with side effects, off-target accumulation, toxicity, and rapid renal and hepatic clearance. Multiple efforts have focused on incorporating targeting moieties into systemic therapeutic vehicles to enhance retention and minimize clearance and side effects. However, only a small percentage of the nanoparticles administered systemically accumulate at the tumor site, leading to poor therapeutic efficacy...
March 16, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300265/catalytic-routes-to-fuels-from-c1-and-oxygenate-molecules
#10
Shuai Wang, Iker Agirrezabal-Telleria, Aditya Bhan, Dante Simonetti, Kazuhiro Takanabe, Enrique Iglesia
This account illustrates concepts in chemical kinetics underpinned by the formalism of transition state theory using catalytic processes that enable the synthesis of molecules suitable as fuels from C1 and oxygenate reactants. Such feedstocks provide an essential bridge towards a carbon-free energy future, but their volatility and low energy density require the formation of new C-C bonds and the removal of oxygen. These transformations are described here through recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms and site requirements in catalysis by surfaces, with emphasis on enabling concepts that tackle ubiquitous reactivity and selectivity challenges...
March 16, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299695/development-of-novel-piezoelectric-biosensor-using-pzt-ceramic-resonator-for-detection-of-cancer-markers
#11
Li Su, Chi-Chun Fong, Pik-Yuan Cheung, Mengsu Yang
A novel biosensor based on piezoelectric ceramic resonator was developed for direct detection of cancer markers in the study. For the first time, a commercially available PZT ceramic resonator with high resonance frequency was utilized as transducer for a piezoelectric biosensor. A dual ceramic resonators scheme was designed wherein two ceramic resonators were connected in parallel: one resonator was used as the sensing unit and the other as the control unit. This arrangement minimizes environmental influences including temperature fluctuation, while achieving the required frequency stability for biosensing applications...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299694/electrochemical-quartz-crystal-nanobalance-eqcn-based-biosensor-for-sensitive-detection-of-antibiotic-residues-in-milk
#12
Sunil Bhand, Geetesh K Mishra
An electrochemical quartz crystal nanobalance (EQCN), which provides real-time analysis of dynamic surface events, is a valuable tool for analyzing biomolecular interactions. EQCN biosensors are based on mass-sensitive measurements that can detect small mass changes caused by chemical binding to small piezoelectric crystals. Among the various biosensors, the piezoelectric biosensor is considered one of the most sensitive analytical techniques, capable of detecting antigens at picogram levels. EQCN is an effective monitoring technique for regulation of the antibiotics below the maximum residual limit (MRL)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299688/all-electrical-graphene-dna-sensor-array
#13
Jeffrey Abbott, Donhee Ham, Guangyu Xu
Electrical sensing of biomolecules has been an important pursuit due to the label-free operation and chip-scale construct such sensing modality can enable. In particular, electrical biomolecular sensors based on nanomaterials such as semiconductor nanowires, carbon nanotubes, and graphene have demonstrated high sensitivity, which in the case of nanowires and carbon nanotubes can surpass typical optical detection sensitivity. Among these nanomaterials, graphene is well suited for a practical candidate for implementing a large-scale array of biomolecular sensors, as its two-dimensional morphology is readily compatible with industry standard top-down fabrication techniques...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299588/chemical-cues-which-include-amino-acids-mediate-species-specific-feeding-behavior-in-invasive-filter-feeding-bigheaded-carps
#14
Aaron W Claus, Peter W Sorensen
This study tested whether and how dissolved chemicals might assist food recognition in two filter-feeding fishes, the silver (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and the bighead carp (H. nobilis). These species evolved in Asia, are now invasive in the Mississippi River, and feed voraciously on microparticles including plankton. The food habits and biology of these carps are broadly similar to many filter-feeding fish, none of whose chemical ecology has been examined. We conducted five experiments. First, we demonstrated that buccal-pharngeal pumping (BPP), a behavior in which fish pump water into their buccal cavities, is responsible for sampling food: BPP activity in both silver and bighead carps was low and increased nearly 25-fold after exposure to a filtrate of a planktonic food mixture (P < 0...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299532/coumarin-based-fluorescent-probe-for-colorimetric-detection-of-fe-3-and-fluorescence-turn-on-off-response-of-zn-2-and-cu-2
#15
Nayan Roy, Abhijit Dutta, Paritosh Mondal, Pradip C Paul, T Sanjoy Singh
A new coumarin based Schiff-base chemosensor-(E)-7-(((8-hydroxyquinolin-2-yl)methylene) amino)-4-methyl-2H-chromen-2-one (H 11 L) was synthesized and evaluated as a colorimetric sensor for Fe(3+) and fluorescence "turn on-off" response of Zn(2+) and Cu(2+) using absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. Upon treatment with Fe(3+) and Zn(2+), the absorption intensity as well as the fluorescence emission intensity increases drastically compared to other common alkali, alkaline earth and transition metal ions, with a distinct color change which provide naked eye detection...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298646/fast-and-precise-detection-of-dna-methylation-with-tetramethylammonium-filled-nanopore
#16
Ying Wang, Yani Zhang, Yanli Guo, Xiao-Feng Kang
The tremendous demand for detecting methylated DNA has stimulated intensive studies on developing fast single-molecule techniques with excellent sensitivity, reliability, and selectivity. However, most of these methods cannot directly detect DNA methylation at single-molecule level, which need either special recognizing elements or chemical modification of DNA. Here, we report a tetramethylammonium-based nanopore (termed TMA-NP) sensor that can quickly and accurately detect locus-specific DNA methylation, without bisulfite conversion, chemical modification or enzyme amplification...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294967/single-lipid-molecule-dynamics-on-supported-lipid-bilayers-with-membrane-curvature
#17
Philip P Cheney, Alan W Weisgerber, Alec M Feuerbach, Michelle K Knowles
The plasma membrane is a highly compartmentalized, dynamic material and this organization is essential for a wide variety of cellular processes. Nanoscale domains allow proteins to organize for cell signaling, endo- and exocytosis, and other essential processes. Even in the absence of proteins, lipids have the ability to organize into domains as a result of a variety of chemical and physical interactions. One feature of membranes that affects lipid domain formation is membrane curvature. To directly test the role of curvature in lipid sorting, we measured the accumulation of two similar lipids, 1,2-Dihexadecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DHPE) and hexadecanoic acid (HDA), using a supported lipid bilayer that was assembled over a nanopatterned surface to obtain regions of membrane curvature...
March 15, 2017: Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294685/star-anise-illicium-verum-hook-f-as-quorum-sensing-and-biofilm-formation-inhibitor-on-foodborne-bacteria-study-in-milk
#18
Md Ramim Tanver Rahman, Zaixiang Lou, Jun Zhang, Fuhao Yu, Yakindra Prasad Timilsena, Caili Zhang, Yi Zhang, Amr M Bakry
Bacteria use quorum sensing (QS) systems to communicate with each other and regulate microbial group behavior, such as the secretion of virulence factors, including biofilm formation. In order to explore safe, edible agents, the potential of star anise (SA) as an anti-QS and antibiofilm agent and its possible application in milk safety were investigated. Staphylococcus aureus , Salmonella Typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa , and biosensor strain Chromobacterium violaceum were selected as test strains for QS, biofilm, and exopolysaccharide assays...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294110/proposal-for-dark-exciton-based-chemical-sensors
#19
Maja Feierabend, Gunnar Berghäuser, Andreas Knorr, Ermin Malic
The rapidly increasing use of sensors throughout different research disciplines and the demand for more efficient devices with less power consumption depends critically on the emergence of new sensor materials and novel sensor concepts. Atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides have a huge potential for sensor development within a wide range of applications. Their optimal surface-to-volume ratio combined with strong light-matter interaction results in a high sensitivity to changes in their surroundings...
March 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291345/electrochemically-assisted-self-assembly-technique-for-the-fabrication-of-mesoporous-metal-organic-framework-thin-films-composing-of-3d-hexagonally-packed-crystals-with-2d-honeycomb-like-mesopores
#20
Saber Alizadeh, Davood Nematollahi
In this work, we introduce a novel and general strategy for an environmental friendly fabrication of mMOF thin films via electrochemically assisted self-assembly (EASA) technique. Implementation of this procedure as a one-step, addi-tive-free and versatile protocol lead to in-situ simultaneous synthesis and deposition of mesoporous architectures of MOFs at room temperature under green conditions, without need to any base, pretreatment or chemical modification of underlying surface. Our procedure, provides a controllable method for the synthesis of mMOF thin films (modified electrodes) consisted of hollow 3D-hexagonally packed crystals with 2D-honeycomb-like mesopores in the wall of cavi-ty, which grow perpendicularly on to any of conducting surface...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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