Read by QxMD icon Read

chemical senses

Makoto Ubukata
In this review article, I will outline my way of thinking about biologically active small molecules. The structure of liposidomycin B from Streptomyces species resulted in my initial sense that a structure tells its function. A biologically active small molecule may save directly or indirectly a number of people. Even if the molecule has not been used as a therapeutic agent, it can be used as a useful chemical probe for dissecting a living cell into different biochemical pieces. Such biologically active small molecules derived from microorganisms have been primarily found in cultivable microorganisms that make up only 1% of total microbes in nature...
March 21, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Debamalya Ghosh, Uma Dutta, Ariful Haque, Natalia E Mordvinova, Oleg I Lebedev, Kamalesh Pal, Arup Gayen, Md Motin Seikh, Partha Mahata
Here, we report the luminescence based sensing of trace amounts of nitroaromatic explosive organic compounds. The luminescence emission of nanosized spinel oxide ZnCr2O4 with high chemical and thermal stabilities has been used as a potential probe to detect such organic explosives. Low temperature solution combustion synthesized ZnCr2O4 oxide with an average particle size of ∼9 nm exhibits strong luminescence emission at 410 nm upon excitation at 260 nm in an aqueous suspension. The presence of nitroaromatics in ZnCr2O4 suspension dramatically suppresses the luminescence emission providing an opportunity to detect it quantitatively...
March 21, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jean-Christophe Billeter, Mariana F Wolfner
Chemicals released into the environment by food, predators and conspecifics play critical roles in Drosophila reproduction. Females and males live in an environment full of smells, whose molecules communicate to them the availability of food, potential mates, competitors or predators. Volatile chemicals derived from fruit, yeast growing on the fruit, and flies already present on the fruit attract Drosophila, concentrating flies at food sites, where they will also mate. Species-specific cuticular hydrocarbons displayed on female Drosophila as they mature are sensed by males and act as pheromones to stimulate mating by conspecific males and inhibit heterospecific mating...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
María Lovato, José Real Buffelli, Mariana Abrile, Carlos Martín
The application of conventional physicochemical and microbiological techniques for the removal of organic pollutants has limitations for its utilization on wastewaters as landfill leachates because of their high concentration of not easily biodegradable organic compounds. The use of ozone-based technologies is an alternative and complementary treatment for this type of wastewaters. This paper reports the study of the degradation of landfill leachates from different stages of a treatment plant using ozone and ozone + UV...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Georgia-Paraskevi Nikoleli, Dimitrios P Nikolelis, Christina G Siontorou, Stephanos Karapetis, Theo Varzakas
The modern environmental and food analysis requires sensitive, accurate, and rapid methods. The growing field of biosensors represents an answer to this demand. Unfortunately, most biosensor systems have been tested only on distilled water or buffered solutions, although applications to real samples are increasingly appearing in recent years. In this context, biosensors for potential food applications continue to show advances in areas such as genetic modification of enzymes and microorganisms, improvement of recognition element immobilization, and sensor interfaces...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Mohamed M El-Wekil, Ashraf M Mahmoud, Saad A Alkahtani, Adel A Marzouk, Ramadan Ali
Novel and sensitive electrochemical sensor was fabricated for the assay of anti-HCV ledipasvir (LEDV) in different matrices. The designed sensor was based on 3D spinel ferromagnetic NiFe2 O4 nanospheres and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) supported by morpholinium acid sulphate (MHS), as an ionic liquid (RGO/NSNiFe2 O4 /MHS). This sensor design was assigned to synergistically tailor the unique properties of nanostructured ferrites, RGO, and ionic liquid to maximize the sensor response. Electrode modification prevented aggregation of NiFe2 O4, increasing electroactive surface area and allowed remarkable electro-catalytic oxidation of LEDV with an enhanced oxidation response...
March 11, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Stefanie Eyerich, Kilian Eyerich, Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann, Tilo Biedermann
The skin is the outermost barrier of the organism that ensures protection from external harm. Lately, our view of the skin has evolved from an inert mechanical barrier to an active organ that can sense danger signals and mount perfectly adapted defense measures in response to invading pathogens. This Review highlights the different levels of the cutaneous barrier (the microbiome, chemical, physical, and immune barriers), their characteristics, and functional, highly interconnected network of cells and mediators that allow balanced defense measures to protect the body and maintain barrier integrity...
March 15, 2018: Trends in Immunology
M Gómez-Letona, J Arístegui, A G Ramos, M F Montero, J Coca
The eruption of a submarine volcano south of El Hierro Island (Canary Islands) in October 2011 led to major physical and chemical changes in the local environment. Large amounts of nutrients were found at specific depths in the water column above the volcano associated with suboxic layers resulting from the oxidation of reduced chemical species expelled during the eruptive phase. It has been suggested that the fertilization with these compounds enabled the rapid restoration of the ecosystem in the marine reserve south of the island once the volcanic activity ceased, although no biological evidence for this has been provided yet...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Waleed K Mohammed, Natalio Krasnogor, Nicholas S Jakubovics
The ability of microorganisms to regulate gene expression is thought to be critical for survival and growth during the development of polymicrobial biofilms such as dental plaque. The commensal dental plaque colonizer, Streptococcus gordonii, responds to cell-cell contact (coaggregation) with Actinomyces oris by regulating > 20 genes, including those involved in arginine biosynthesis. We hypothesized that an S. gordonii extracellular protease is critical for sensing by providing amino acids that modulate gene expression...
March 14, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Jay K Bhattarai, Dharmendra Neupane, Bishal Nepal, Vasilii Mikhaylov, Alexei V Demchenko, Keith J Stine
Nanoporous gold (np-Au), because of its high surface area-to-volume ratio, excellent conductivity, chemical inertness, physical stability, biocompatibility, easily tunable pores, and plasmonic properties, has attracted much interested in the field of nanotechnology. It has promising applications in the fields of catalysis, bio/chemical sensing, drug delivery, biomolecules separation and purification, fuel cell development, surface-chemistry-driven actuation, and supercapacitor design. Many chemical and electrochemical procedures are known for the preparation of np-Au...
March 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
Gaganpreet Kaur, Amanpreet Singh, Ajnesh Singh, Navneet Kaur, Narinder Singh
The unregulated use of organophosphates (OPs) as pesticides and toxic chemical warfare agents demands their continuous monitoring from a human health perspective. This study describes a fluorescence turn-on sensing assay for the selective quantification of OPs in aqueous medium. Metal complexes of two different Biginelli derivatives were processed in water through a reprecipitation technique. The engineered self-assembly of the pyridyl-2-cobalt complex (L1·Co(II)) was employed to selectively detect malathion while the pyridyl-4-cobalt complex (L2·Co(II)) could estimate azamethiphos fluorimetrically up to a detection limit of 9...
March 16, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Junhao Liang, Anwarud Din, Tianshou Zhou
While many physical or chemical systems can be modeled by nonlinear Langevin equations (LEs), dynamical analysis of these systems is challenging in the cases of moderate and strong noise. Here we develop a linear approximation scheme, which can transform an often intractable LE into a linear set of binomial moment equations (BMEs). This scheme provides a feasible way to capture nonlinear behaviors in the sense of probability distribution and is effective even when the noise is moderate or big. Based on BMEs, we further develop a noise reduction technique, which can effectively handle tough cases where traditional small-noise theories are inapplicable...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Fedor Rudakov, Joseph D Geiser, Peter M Weber
A technique for the spatially resolved and molecule-specific detection of chemical vapors is presented. The chemical specificity arises from a transient absorption spectrum where an ultraviolet (UV) pulse excites the molecule to a Rydberg state, and a near-infrared (NIR) or visible probe pulse records a transient absorption spectrum. By recording the NIR pulse reflected off a random, distant object and measuring the elapsed time between the emission of the UV pulse and the absorption of a counter-propagating NIR pulse, the distance to the absorber is obtained...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Kasun Karunanayaka, Nurafiqah Johari, Surina Hariri, Hanis Camelia, Kevin Stanley Bielawski, Adrian David Cheok
Today's virtual reality (VR) applications such as gaming, multisensory entertainment, remote dining, and online shopping are mainly based on audio, visual, and touch interactions between humans and virtual worlds. Integrating the sense of taste into VR is difficult since humans are dependent on chemical-based taste delivery systems. This paper presents the 'Thermal Taste Machine', a new digital taste actuation technology that can effectively produce and modify thermal taste sensations on the tongue. It modifies the temperature of the surface of the tongue within a short period of time (from 25°C to 40 °C while heating, and from 25°C to 10 °C while cooling)...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Manuel R Gonzalez, Verena Ducret, Sara Leoni, Betty Fleuchot, Paris Jafari, Wassim Raffoul, Lee A Applegate, Yok-Ai Que, Karl Perron
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a severe opportunistic pathogen and is one of the major causes of hard to treat burn wound infections. Herein we have used an RNA-seq transcriptomic approach to study the behavior of P. aeruginosa PAO1 growing directly on human burn wound exudate. A chemical analysis of compounds used by this bacterium, coupled with kinetics expression of central genes has allowed us to obtain a global view of P. aeruginosa physiological and metabolic changes occurring while growing on human burn wound exudate...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Krishna Kant, Mohammad-Ali Shahbazi, Vivek Priy Dave, Tien Anh Ngo, Vinayaka Aaydha Chidambara, Quyen Than Linh, Dang Duong Bang, Anders Wolff
Rapid detection of foodborne pathogens at an early stage is imperative for preventing the outbreak of foodborne diseases, known as serious threats to human health. Conventional bacterial culturing methods for foodborne pathogen detection are time consuming, laborious, and with poor pathogen diagnosis competences. This has prompted researchers to call the current status of detection approaches into question and leverage new technologies for superior pathogen sensing outcomes. Novel strategies mainly rely on incorporating all the steps from sample preparation to detection in miniaturized devices for online monitoring of pathogens with high accuracy and sensitivity in a time-saving and cost effective manner...
March 10, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
Xiaolu Jia, Tian Zhang, Jianying Wang, Haiying Tan, Yuandu Hu, Lianbin Zhang, Jintao Zhu
In this work, we present a fast and efficient strategy for the preparation of responsive photonic hydrogels for aldehyde sensing by combining the self-assembly of monodisperse carbon-encapsulated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) and in-situ photopolymerization of polyacrylamide (PAM) hydrogels. The responsive photonic hydrogels exhibit structural color variation after being treated with formaldehyde aqueous solution, which can be attributed to the chemical reaction between the amide groups in the hydrogels and the formaldehyde...
March 13, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Hao Wang, William P Lustig, Jing Li
Toxic and hazardous chemical species are ubiquitous, predominantly emitted by anthropogenic activities, and pose serious risks to human health and the environment. Thus, the sensing and subsequent capture of these chemicals, especially in the gas or vapor phase, are of extreme importance. To this end, metal-organic frameworks have attracted significant interest, as their high porosity and wide tunability make them ideal for both applications. These tailorable framework materials are particularly promising for the specific sensing and capture of targeted chemicals, as they can be designed to fit a diverse range of required conditions...
March 13, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Chang-Ming Wang, Chia-Han Hsieh, Chong-You Chen, Wei-Ssu Liao
Aiming to overcome the obstacles of power supply requirement and chip usefulness in practice, a low-cost and convenient portable electrochemical sensing device is introduced for the first time, featuring bipolar electrode system, LED read-out, laminated paper-based devices, and low-voltage button cells. The electric circuits of this practical device are constructed on laminating films with copper and conductive carbon tapes, and the reservoirs facilitating chemical reactions are made with chromatography paper...
July 26, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Lei Wan, Hengky Chandrahalim, Jian Zhou, Zhaohui Li, Cong Chen, Sangha Cho, Hui Zhang, Ting Mei, Huiping Tian, Yuji Oki, Naoya Nishimura, Xudong Fan, L Jay Guo
We developed chip-scale remote refractive index sensors based on Rhodamine 6G (R6G)-doped polymer micro-ring lasers. The chemical, temperature, and mechanical sturdiness of the fused-silica host guaranteed a flexible deployment of dye-doped polymers for refractive index sensing. The introduction of the dye as gain medium demonstrated the feasibility of remote sensing based on the free-space optics measurement setup. Compared to the R6G-doped TZ-001, the lasing behavior of R6G-doped SU-8 polymer micro-ring laser under an aqueous environment had a narrower spectrum linewidth, producing the minimum detectable refractive index change of 4 × 10-4 RIU...
March 5, 2018: Optics Express
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"